John Milton John Milton Paradise

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					John Milton
  Paradise Lost
         John Milton
• 1608-1674
• A great English
  poet
• Studied philosophy,
  history, languages
  and literature
John Milton
     • Traveled all over
       Europe
     • Early poems,
       published in 1645,
       were written in
       English, Latin,
       Greek and Italian
      Milton’s Early Career
    Wrote Lycidas and Comus during this time

                       Lycidas
•A pastoral elegy- celebrates the memory of a dead
person and uses imagery of shepherds and their flocks
•Written in honor of a friend of Milton’s, Edward King,
who drowned
•Celebrates a human being’s capacity to create
something significant in a short period of time
        Milton’s Early Career
      Wrote Lycidas and Comus during this time

                             Comus
•A masque- an elaborate play
•Plot: A sister and brother are separated. Comus, a magician,
tries to get the sister to join his troupe, but she resists because
she is pure.
•Moral: Humans are given the freedom to choose between good
and evil. As long as they chose the good, they will remain strong
and free.
 Milton’s Political Activity
• Milton wrote political
  prose
• He believed poets
  should be politically
  active
• Some people thought
  he was a Puritan, but
  he wasn’t!
Milton’s Political Activity
      I’m not a   • Milton was not a Puritan
       Puritan!
                    because:
                    – He supported divorce for
                      couples who did not get
                      along
                    – He argued for freedom of
                      the press
                    – Puritan considered these
                      things very dangerous
    Milton’s Blindness
• Milton’s eyesight started
  to fail
• By 1652 he could only
  distinguish between day
  and night
• By the age of 44 he was
  totally blind
• Milton would tell his
  poems to his daughters
  while they wrote them
  down
           All for Nothing
• Milton’s ideal government was a
  republic lead by capable, intelligent
  men
• He supported the execution of Charles
  I and the new government created by
  Oliver Cromwell
• It was all for nothing because in 1660
  Charles II, son of Charles I, was
  crowned King of England
           All for Nothing
• Milton was stripped of his possessions
• He was thrown in jail and called a traitor

•His influential friends saved
his life
•He was allowed to go into                     HELP
                                               ME!
retirement instead of facing
the death penalty
         Milton’s Epic



• Milton believed great poets should imitate
  the poets of ancient Greece (ex. Homer)
• Those famous poets used subject’s taken from
  their own nation’s history
       Milton’s Epic
• Milton thought about writing an
  Epic poem about King Arthur, but he
  decided the story was not factual
  enough
• He settled on subjects from the
  Bible
        Paradise Lost
• In Milton’s opinion, the Bible
  contained everything people need
  to know for the practice of “the one
  true religion”
• Paradise Lost is an epic poem based
  on stories from the Bible
Paradise Lost
     • Paradise Lost was published
       twice
     • 1667- 10 book version
     • 1674- 12 book version
     • He worked on this epic poem
       almost all of his life
     • The first two books are mainly
       about Satan, and he appears
       frequently throughout the other
       books
Controversy
     • Satan is described in
       an almost
       complimentary way
     • He seems to be the
       main subject of the
       poem at times
     • Many readers believe
       that Satan is the secret
       hero of the poem
Paradise Lost
 • Milton took a few
   verses from Genesis,
   the first book of the
   Bible, and used them
   as inspiration
 • Paradise Lost is
   a10,565 line poem
 • The setting of the
   poem goes back and
   forth between
   Heaven and Hell
      Paradise Lost
• Most of the important action takes
  place on Earth
• Adam and Eve are given the choice to
  obey God
• They disobey and have to accept their
  punishment
         Paradise Lost
 Adam and Eve accept
 their punishment and
  make the best of the
life that is left to them.
 They represent us all.
They are the heroes of
       the poem.
           Milton’s Epic
• Allusions (references) to
  Dante, Homer, and Virgil
• Milton wanted Paradise
  Lost to be better than all
  the other epic poems
• It dealt with great deeds on
  a cosmic scale (the dawn of
  creation) rather than
  earthly matters
             Epic Formula
• The epic poet always
  begins the poem by doing
  two things:
   1.   Speaker invokes the
        Muse (one of the nine
        Greek goddesses who
        inspires the poet)
                                • After the invocation, Milton
   2.   Speaker states the        begins the poem by talking about
        subject of the poem       the disobedience of Adam and Eve

                                • According to Milton, Paradise is
                                  not lost to humans because Jesus
                                  Christ has restored the possibility
                                  of Paradise to the human race
      In the Beginning
         In the Beginning…
• In the beginning of the poem
  Milton describes Adam and
  Eve’s first act of disobedience
• God had forbidden them to eat
  the fruit from a particular tree
  in Eden
• They ate the fruit and God
  expelled them from Paradise
  (aka the Garden of Eden)
All is not lost…
          According to
         Milton, all is not
          lost because
            Christ has
           restored the
          possibility of
           Paradise for
             humans
         All is not lost…
•Milton wants to tell reader’s that God
is not responsible for all the bad things
in the world
•Adam and Eve had a choice between
good and evil, and they chose evil
•Thus, all of us have suffered the
effects of their choice
        Definitions
You need to know the definitions
of the following terms:
•Epic Poem
•Invocation (use definition #5)

Look them up on Dictionary.com
     Reading the Poem
• It is written in blank verse
  (unrhymed iambic pentameter)

• The sentences are very long
• Words are not in “normal word
  order” (normal= SVO subject,
  verb, object)
• Vocabulary includes words not
  used today
• Use the side notes to help with
  the vocabulary
           Now go forth
           and read my
             poem!




                  Check out these sites if there is time:

                   •www.paradiselost.org/novel.html
                 •www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/milton/
                     •www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/




THE END!

				
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