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IENG 471 Lecture 09 Personnel Planning - Parking

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					IENG 471 - Lecture 10

            Personnel Planning:
            Life Support Space




3/24/2012        IENG 471 Facilities Planning   1
Personal Space Design
  Spaces vary depending on facility purpose
  Examples:
       Walmart
       7-11 / Convenience Store
       Convention Center
       Religious Center
       High School
       College Building
       Hospital
       Prison


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Personal, Sanitation Requirements

  Personal Requirements:
        6 ft2 per person - personal space
        Toxic material handling requires change of clothes, showers
        Weather conditions may require outerwear storage
  Sanitation Requirements:
        Restrooms within 200 ft of permanent workstations
        Separate sex restrooms are required, unless sufficient single
             occupancy rooms are provided
            Number of accommodations vary by facility type (see Table 4.2)
            15 ft2 per entrance, screen interior from outside view
            6 ft2 per sink, unless using basins (24” linear or 20” arc /person)
            12.5 ft2 - 15 ft2 per toilet
            6 ft2 per urinal (can replace up to 1/3 of toilets for males)
            Aisle width increases with length, and if stall doors open outward
            Female accommodations may include cots – allow 60 ft2 / cot
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Dining, Food Service Requirements
 Dining Requirements:
      Food consumption may not occur in manufacturing areas
      30 minutes is the minimum lunch shift for Federal requirements
      First 1/3 of dining shift is spent acquiring / preparing food, so shifts may
         overlap by up to this amount
 Food Service Requirements:
      Off-site food service requires longer dining shifts
      On-site space should be located within 1000 ft of permanent workstations
      On-site vending machines require 1 ft2 per person (food prep) and a
         break room to sit and eat
        On-site catering (with serving lines) is feasible at about 200 employees
        On-site kitchen (and serving lines) is feasible at about 400 employees
        A serving line typically requires 300 ft2 and serves 7 employees / minute
        Kitchen space is for food preparation, cafeteria space is for seating
         (see Table 4.5 for kitchen space required / meal served in a lunch shift)
        Cafeterias may double as break rooms (see Table 4.4 for space / seat)


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Cafeteria Tables
  Typical table height is 29 – 31 inches
  Square Tables
        Typical seating is 4 persons
        Typical table sizes are 36”, 42”, and 48” wide
  Round Tables
        Typical seating is 1 person every 30” of circumference
        Typical table sizes are 30”, 36”, and 42” in diameter
  Rectangular Tables:
        Typical table width is 30”
        Typical lengths and seating / side is given in the table below:

                Length:         6 ft           8 ft           10 ft      12 ft
                Seating:     3 / side       4 / side        5 / side   6 / side
        Tables may be placed end-to-end for maximum efficiency
        If end seating is to be used, reduce seating / side by 1 person
             (over the entire length)
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Other Requirements
  Workstation Requirements:
        Drinking water should be provided within 200 ft of workstations
        Break rooms should be within 400 ft of permanent workstations
        30” minimum aisle widths are required between stationary objects
        36” minimum aisle widths are required between a stationary object and
          an operating machine
        42” minimum aisle widths are required between operating machines
  Recommended Office Spaces:
        President’s Office:            250 – 400 ft2
        Vice-President’s Office:       150 – 250 ft2
        Executive Office:              100 – 150 ft2
        Partitioned Space:              80 – 110 ft2
        Open Space:                     60 – 110 ft2
        Conference Rooms:               20 – 30 ft2 / person, (15 ft2 / person,
         theater)
        Reception:                     125 – 200 ft2 (receptionist and 2-4 persons);
                                        200 – 300 ft2 (receptionist and 6-8 persons)
        File Room:                             7 ft2 / file plus a 3 – 4 ft aisle width
 3/24/2012                      IENG 471 Facilities Planning                          7
Summary of Codes & Standards
  Workstation Accessibility Requirements:
        Able-bodied clearance and reach requirements are shown in
         Figure 4.11
        Wheel chair clearance and reach requirements are shown in
         Figure 4.10
        Common accommodation aisles run 3 – 3.5 ft in width
        Common seated easy reach zone runs 3 – 4 ft high
  Code / Standard Compliance:
            International Building Code covers use and occupancy classes
            NFPA 101 Life Safety Code covers occupancy and exits
            International Fire Code covers fire safety and access constraints
            ADA and ICC/ANSI A117.1 covers accessibility of facilities
            ICC International Energy Conservation Code covers climate ctrl
            IAPMO/ANSI UPC 1 Uniform Plumbing Code covers sanitation
            NFPA 70 National Electric Code covers electric & utilities

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Questions & Issues




 3/24/2012   IENG 471 Facilities Planning   9

				
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