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					                                                                        Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                      Grade K         Grade 1              Grade 2        Grade 3                   Grade 4             Grade 5   Grade 6   Grade 7   Grade 8       Grade 9-12
     A.                         Illustrate the functions             Classify the five sense   Explain how the five                                              Investigate disorders,
                                of the five senses                   organs and their parts    senses are used in                                                their treatments, and
                                (e.g., eyes to see)                  (e.g., iris, ear canal,   personal and social                                               prevention techniques
                                                                     olfactory bulb, taste     environment (e.g.,                                                to maintain a healthy
                                                                     buds, nasal cavity)       gathering information,                                            sensory system (e.g.
                                                                                               making observations,                                              hearing loss,
                                                                     Name the major            drawing conclusions)                                              glaucoma, near and
                                                                     parts, functions and                                                                        far-sightedness,
                                                                     disorders of the                                                                            halitosis, numbness,
                                                                     sensory organs (e.g.,                                                                       tingling)
                                                                     near-sightedness, far-
                                                                     sightedness, hearing
                                                                     loss)
     Sensory System




    State                               HPE 1                                HPE 1                    HPE 1
  Standards
   National
  Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                 1
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                     rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                      Functions and Interrelationships of Systems




 1. Structure and Function of the Body
                       Grade K         Grade 1               Grade 2                Grade 3                   Grade 4            Grade 5         Grade 6                Grade 7           Grade 8        Grade 9-12
     B.                          Identify a muscle in   Show how muscles      Recognize the major       Describe how                       Classify the three      Explain how muscles               Investigate disorders,
                                 each region of the     work (e.g., muscles   muscles of the            muscles affect overall             different types of      work in pairs for                 their treatment, and
                                 body (e.g., arms,      pull on bones to      muscular system           health (e.g., burning              muscle tissue           movement to occur                 prevention
                                 torso, legs)           move at joints)       (e.g., deltoid, tricep,   calories, good                     (smooth, cardiac,       and provide examples              techniques to
                                                                              abdominal,                posture, healthy                   skeletal) and           (e.g., flexors and                maintain a healthy
                                                                              quadricep)                heart)                             differentiate between   extensors, bicep                  muscular system
                                                                                                                                           them                    contracts and tricep              (e.g., muscular
                                                                                                                                                                   extends to flex your              dystrophy, muscle
                                                                                                                                                                   elbow bringing hand               cramps, tendonitis,
                                                                                                                                                                   to shoulder)                      muscle strains)
     Muscular System




    State                                HPE 1                 HPE1                   HPE 1                     HPE 1                              HPE 1                  HPE 1                          HPE 1, HPE 3
  Standards
   National                                                                                                       7
  Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                     2
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                         rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                         Grade K        Grade 1              Grade 2                 Grade 3                  Grade 4            Grade 5         Grade 6                 Grade 7          Grade 8        Grade 9-12
       C.                          Identify a bone in   Describe the           Categorize and label     Identify the different             Differentiate among      Explain how the                   Investigate
                                   each region of the   functions of the       different bones by       types of bones (i.e.,              the kinds of joints in   skeletal system                   disorders, their
                                   body (head, arms,    skeletal system        body parts (e.g., leg-   long, flat, wide,                  the skeletal system      works with other                  treatment, and
                                   torso, and legs)     (e.g., protects body   tibia, arms-humerus,     short, and curved)                 (e.g., ball and          body systems (e.g.,               prevention
                                                        parts, supports the    head-skull, torso-       and their functions                socket, hinge,           circulatory system,               techniques to
                                                        framework, works       spine)                   (mineral storage,                  gliding, pivot,          muscular system,                  maintain a healthy
                                                        with muscles)                                   calcium, red blood                 moveable, and            nervous system) to                skeletal system (e.g.,
                                                                                                        cells, growth plates               immovable)               maintain a healthy                osteoporosis,
                                                                                                                                                                    lifestyle (weight                 arthritis, sprain,
                                                                                                                                                                    control, strength,                scoliosis)
                                                                                                                                                                    posture)
       Skeletal System




      State                               HPE 1                HPE 1                  HPE 1                    HPE 1                              HPE 1                   HPE 1                          HPE 1, HPE 3
    Standards
    National
    Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                      3
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                         rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                    Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                                   Grade K   Grade 1       Grade 2                 Grade 3               Grade 4                 Grade 5         Grade 6   Grade 7   Grade 8       Grade 9-12
     D.                                                Describe the           Identify the major    Determine the            Formulate ways to                                  Investigate disorders,
                                                       function of the skin   components and        cause/effect of          protect skin from                                  their treatments, and
                                                       (e.g., protection)     functions of the      healthy lifestyle        environmental                                      prevention
                                                                              integumentary         choices as they relate   damage                                             techniques to
                                                                              system (i.e., skin,   to the three layers of                                                      maintain a healthy
                                                                              hair, nails)          skin (nutrition,                                                            integumentary
                                                                                                    hydration, exercise)                                                        system (e.g., acne,
                                                                                                                                                                                sunburn, skin cancer)
     Integumentary System (skin)




    State                                                     HPE1                    HPE 1                HPE 1                    HPE1                                            HPE 1, HPE 3
  Standards
   National                                                                                                  5,7                      5
  Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                4
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                    rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                  Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                                            Grade K        Grade 1             Grade 2                Grade 3                  Grade 4            Grade 5   Grade 6        Grade 7            Grade 8       Grade 9-12
          E.                                          Predict what        Identify the major      Identify the cause      Show the effects of                         Illustrate how the                  Investigate
                                                      happens to your     components (i.e.,       and effect of           lifestyle choices                           blood flows through                 disorders, their
                                                      heart rate during   blood vessels, heart)   lifestyles choices on   (e.g., high fat diet,                       the body and its                    treatments, and
                                                      physical activity   and functions (e.g.,    the cardiovascular      physical activity) on                       relationship to the                 prevention
                                                                          transport blood         system (e.g., healthy   the cardiovascular                          respiratory system                  techniques to
                                                                          throughout the body)    heart vs. unhealthy     system and relate                                                               maintain a healthy
        Cardiovascular/Circulatory System


                                                                          of the cardiovascular   heart, blocked blood    how the                                     Analyze how                         cardiovascular
                                                                          system                  vessels)                cardiovascular                              aerobic exercise                    system (e.g., high
                                                                          system Name the                                 system affects                              impacts an                          blood pressure,
                                                                          major functions of                              quality of life                             individual                          anemia, hemophilia,
                                                                          the cardiovascular                                                                          physically, mentally,               sickle cell, etc.)
                                                                                                                                                                      and emotionally




       State                                                 HPE 1               HPE 1                  HPE 1                    HPE 1                                       HPE 1                           HPE 1, HPE 3
     Standards

 National Standards                                             1                                          1                        5




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                       5
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                             rev: 02/05/07
                                                                          Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                            Grade K        Grade 1          Grade 2        Grade 3              Grade 4            Grade 5        Grade 6               Grade 7           Grade 8       Grade 9-12
        F.                            Identify the basic              Describe the         Describe the function             Illustrate air flow   Conduct an                        Investigate disorders,
                                      components of the               structure of the     of the respiratory                through the           experiment that                   their treatment, and
                                      respiratory system              respiratory system   system (e.g.,                     respiratory system    explores and                      prevention
                                      (e.g., nose, mouth,             (e.g., lungs, lung   exchange of carbon                                      measures respiration              techniques to
                                      lungs)                          lobes, air sacs)     dioxide and oxygen)                                     rates                             maintain a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                     respiratory system
                                                                                                                                                                                     (e.g., asthma,
                                                                                                                                                                                     allergies, bronchitis,
                                                                                                                                                                                     pneumonia)
       Respiratory System




 State Standards             HPE 1           HPE 1           HPE 1           HPE 1                HPE 1                                                                                  HPE 1, HPE 3
     National
    Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                     6
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                         rev: 02/05/07
                                                                Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                        Grade K   Grade 1      Grade 2           Grade 3            Grade 4        Grade 5                  Grade 6               Grade 7                  Grade 8                 Grade 9-12
       G.                                                   Identify the major                Summarize the            Investigate how       Describe how             Analyze how               Investigate disorders,
                                                            components and                    functions of the         environment affects   healthy lifestyle        learning is influenced    their treatment, and
                                                            functions of the                  nervous system (e.g.     learning              choices (e.g.,           by the brain’s short      prevention
                                                            nervous system (i.e.,             , sending and                                  exercise, diet, sleep)   term and long term        techniques to
                                                            brain, spinal cord,               receiving messages,                            affect the functioning   memory,                   maintain a healthy
                                                            nerves)                           regulating body          Distinguish between   of the central nervous   environmental             nervous system (e.g.,
                                                                                              functions and serving    the CNS and PNS       system and               learning styles and       mental disorders,
                                                                                              as the body’s control    (Central Nervous      peripheral nervous       learning strategies       spinal cord injuries,
                                                                                              center for five senses   System and            system (e.g., exercise                             cerebral palsy,
                                                                                              (emotions, speech,       Peripheral Nervous    increases endorphins,                              meningitis, chemical
                                                                                              coordination,            System)               stress relief, mental                              imbalances, hives,
                                                                                              balance, and                                   alertness)                                         shingles, multiple
       Nervous System




                                                                                              learning)                                                                                         sclerosis,
                                                                                                                                                                                                Parkinson’s,
                                                                                                                                                                                                epilepsy)




 State Standards                                                    HPE1                             HPE 1                    HPE 1             HPE 1, HPE 2                                        HPE 1, HPE 3

    National
   Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                7
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                    rev: 02/05/07
                                                                Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                          Grade K   Grade 1    Grade 2           Grade 3              Grade 4            Grade 5        Grade 6             Grade 7   Grade 8       Grade 9-12
       H.                                                   Identify the major                                     Identify the function                         List the most
                                                            components (e.g.,    Describe the                      of each organ in the                          common disorders,
                                                            mouth, esophagus,    processes of the                  digestive system                              describe how to treat
                                                            stomach, small       digestive system                  (e.g., stomach-                               them and prevention
                                                            intestine, large     (e.g., how the teeth,             digestive juices,                             techniques to
                                                            intestine) and       tongue, and saliva                pancreas-insulin, gall                        maintain a healthy
                                                            functions of the     begin the digestive               bladder-storage of                            digestive system
                                                            digestive system     process)                          bile, liver-removes                           (e.g., ulcers, irritable
                                                                                                                   toxins, small                                 bowel syndrome,
                                                                                                                   intestines-absorbs                            Crohn’s Disease,
                                                                                                                   nutrients, large                              diarrhea,
                                                                                                                   intestines-removes                            constipation, gall
       Digestive System




                                                                                                                   solid waste) as it                            stones, colon cancer)
                                                                                                                   relates to overall
                                                                                                                   health




 State Standards                                                   HPE 1                 HPE 1                                                                        HPE 1, HPE 3

    National
   Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                   8
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                     rev: 02/05/07
                                                                 Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                                   Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2      Grade 3         Grade 4            Grade 5   Grade 6        Grade 7           Grade 8       Grade 9-12
          I.                                                                    Label the major                            Relate how health                  Investigate
                                                                                components (i.e.,                          behaviors affect the               disorders, their
                                                                                kidneys, ureters,                          urinary/excretory                  treatment, and
                                                                                bladder, urethra)and                       system                             prevention
                                                                                functions of the                                                              techniques to
                                                                                urinary/excretory                                                             maintain a healthy
                                                                                system (e.g.,                                                                 urinary/excretory
                                                                                removes liquid                                                                system (e.g., kidney
                                                                                waste from the                                                                stones, urinary tract
        Urinary/Excretory System




                                                                                body)                                                                         infections, nephritis)




       State                                                                           HPE 1                                  HPE 1, HPE 2                        HPE 1, HPE 3
     Standards
      National
     Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                              9
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                 rev: 02/05/07
                                                            Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                           Grade K   Grade 1     Grade 2      Grade 3          Grade 4            Grade 5        Grade 6             Grade 7        Grade 8                Grade 9-12
         J.                                                               Identify and describe             Describe how the                   Relate a function of      Investigate
                                                                          the basic structure               endocrine system                   each endocrine            disorders, their
                                                                          and functions of the              affects all other body             gland (e.g., thyroid-     treatments, and
                                                                          endocrine system                  systems                            metabolism;               prevention
                                                                          including growth                                                     pituitary-master          techniques to
                                                                          (pituitary),                                                         hormonal gland and        maintain a healthy
                                                                          reproduction                                                         height; adrenal-fight     endocrine system
                                                                          (ovaries, testes),                                                   and flight; pancreas-     (e.g., thyroid cancer,
                                                                          fight or flight                                                      insulin; ovaries-         type II diabetes,
                                                                          responses (adrenal),                                                 eggs; testes-sperm)       chemical
                                                                          energy, metabolism                                                   and how it is             imbalances)
                                                                          (thyroid                                                             impacted by lifestyle
        Endocrine System




                                                                                                                                               choices                   List the causes of
                                                                                                                                                                         type II diabetes and
                                                                                                                                                                         describe
                                                                                                                                                                         management
                                                                                                                                                                         procedures and
                                                                                                                                                                         prevention
                                                                                                                                                                         techniques




        State                                                                    HPE 1                             HPE 1                          HPE 1, HPE2                HPE 1, HPE 3
      Standards
 National Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                         10
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                            rev: 02/05/07
                                                            Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                              Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2     Grade 3          Grade 4                 Grade 5                Grade 6            Grade 7       Grade 8                Grade 9-12
        K.                                                                Identify and describe   Research and            Investigate and draw             Describe the impact      Explain how the
                                                                          the basic structure     analyze the physical,   conclusions                      heredity has on          following affect the
                                                                          and function of the     emotional, social,      regarding hormones               system functions and     functioning of the
                                                                          male and female         and intellectual        responsible for the              disease formation        reproductive system:
                                                                          reproductive system     changes occurring       development of                                            ovarian cysts,
                                                                                                  during puberty          secondary sex                                             HPEV/cervical
                                                                                                                          characteristics and                                       cancer, premenstrual
                                                                                                                          for the production                                        syndrome, infertility,
                                                                                                                          and release of                                            ovarian cancer,
                                                                                                                          reproductive cells,                                       testicular cancer, and
                                                                                                                          allowing the                                              prostate cancer
        Reproductive System




                                                                                                                          opportunity for
                                                                                                                          fertilization                                             Explain how to
                                                                                                                                                                                    maintain a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                    reproductive system




       State                                                                     HPE 1                   HPE 1                                                                      HPE 1, HPE 2, HPE 3
     Standards
 National Standards                                                                                         3




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                    11
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                       rev: 02/05/07
                                                               Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                                 Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2     Grade 3          Grade 4            Grade 5   Grade 6   Grade 7   Grade 8        Grade 9-12
        L.                                                                   Label the major                                                   Investigate
                                                                             components                                                        disorders, their
                                                                             (i.e., lymph nodes,                                               treatments, and
                                                                             lymph vessels,                                                    prevention
                                                                             tonsils, thymus,                                                  techniques to
                                                                             spleen) and identify                                              maintain a healthy
                                                                             the functions of the                                              lymphatic/immune
                                                                             lymphatic system                                                  system (e.g.,
       Lymphatic-Immune System




                                                                             (e.g., recognizes and                                             common cold,
                                                                             destroys invading                                                 influenza, tonsillitis,
                                                                             pathogens,                                                        strep throat)
                                                                             immunity)

                                                                                                                                               Describe how to
                                                                                                                                               keep the immune
                                                                                                                                               system healthy and
                                                                                                                                               explain the
                                                                                                                                               principles of
                                                                                                                                               vaccination and
                                                                                                                                               immunization




      State                                                                         HPE 1                                                      HPE 1, HPE 2, HPE 3
    Standards
     National
    Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                12
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                  rev: 02/05/07
                                                                             Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 1. Structure and Functions of the Body
                                               Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2     Grade 3        Grade 4          Grade 5                   Grade 6                Grade 7                Grade 8                Grade 9-12
       M.                                                                                                 Explain ways body          Describe the          Select two body        investigate               Draw conclusions
                                                                                                          systems work               physical changes      systems and show       interrelationships to     from a personal
                                                                                                          together (e.g.,            that occur during     how they work          predict health            health behavior
                                                                                                          muscular/skeletal,         puberty and the       together to maintain   problems that could       inventory and design
                                                                                                          nervous/endocrine,         interrelationships    good health            occur as a result of      a wellness plan
       System Interactions and Relationships


                                                                                                          digestive/urinary,         among systems that                           dysfunction               (including caloric
                                                                                                          nervous/muscular,
                                                                                                          skin/sense organs,
                                                                                                                                     cause these changes                                                    intake, calorie
                                                                                                          cardiovascular/respirato   (endocrine,                                                            expenditure, weight
                                                                                                          ry)                        reproductive,                                                          gain, weight
                                                                                                                                     skeletal, muscular)                                                    maintenance, and
                                                                                                                                                                                                            safe weight loss)




      State                                                                                                       HPE 1                                                                                         HPE 1, HPE 3
    Standards
     National
    Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                          13
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                               rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                 Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 2. Social, Emotional and Mental Health
                                            Grade K                 Grade 1                   Grade 2             Grade 3          Grade 4                Grade 5                 Grade 6            Grade 7   Grade 8       Grade 9-12
        A.                             State qualities of a   Identify responsibilities   Recognize the                       Work productively       Identify how           Differentiate between                       Cite evidence that
                                       good friend            within a family and         influence peers have                and respectfully with   family, friends, and   negative peer                               supports the rights both
                                                              describe characteristics    on people ( shared                  others in achieving a   culture can            pressure and positive                       individuals and the
                                       Recognize              needed to be a              interest, goals, and                common group goal       influence personal     peer pressure                               communities when
                                       similarities and       responsible family          values)                                                     health practices                                                   making social health
                                       differences of         member                                                                                                         Evaluate ideas and                          decisions
                                       families                                                                                                                              perspectives
                                                                                                                                                                             regarding the                               Describe patterns of
                                                                                                                                                                             influence of family,                        physical, social, and
                                                                                                                                                                             friends, and culture                        mental/emotional health
       Influence of Family and Peers




                                                                                                                                                                             have on health                              that contribute to
                                                                                                                                                                             choices and behaviors                       relationships
                                                                                                                                                                             during adolescence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Discuss the factors that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         influence relationship
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         and the impact they have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         on self and others (e.g.,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         family, dating and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         marriage)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Create and discuss a list
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         of characteristics that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         help to develop and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         promote healthy, long-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         term relationships




 State Standards                            HPE 2, S 6              HPE 2, SS6                HPE 2,SS 6                           HPE 2, SS6             HPE 2, SS6                                                               HPE 2

    National                                                                                       8                                    4                      2
   Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                            14
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                              rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                  Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 2. Social, Emotional and Mental Health
                                     Grade K        Grade 1                 Grade 2                Grade 3                Grade 4               Grade 5              Grade 6            Grade 7   Grade 8       Grade 9-12
        B.                                     Recognize how each       Identify the cause    Analyze the duties     Hypothesize the       Recognize cultural   Differentiate between                        Develop a list of
                                               person has a unique      and effect of one’s   and responsibilities   effects of societal   influences on        negative peer                                attributes needed to
                                               contribution (e.g.,      actions on others     needed to be a         actions toward        personal health      pressure and positive                        live effectively with
                                               physical, mental,                              contributing member    people with diverse   practices and        peer support                                 others
                                               cultural, ethnicity)to                         of a social            backgrounds           decisions
                                               their community                                community (e.g.,                                                  Evaluate ideas and
                                               (e.g., classroom,                              school, church,                                                   perspectives
                                               school,                                        neighborhood,                                                     regarding the
                                               neighborhood)                                  Girl/Boy Scouts)                                                  influences family,
       Responsibilities in Society




                                                                                                                                                                friends, and culture
                                                                                                                                                                have on health
                                                                                                                                                                choices and
                                                                                                                                                                behaviors during
                                                                                                                                                                adolescence




 State Standards                                        SS6                     SS6                   SS6                    SS6                   SS6                                                               HPE 2
                                                                                                                                                  HPE 2
    National                                                                                                                  4                     2
   Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                            15
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                 rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                      Functions and Interrelationships of Systems


 2. Social, Emotional and Mental Health
                                 Grade K                Grade 1                Grade 2                 Grade 3                  Grade 4                 Grade 5                 Grade 6                 Grade 7                 Grade 8              Grade 9-12
    C.                      Recognize different
                            emotions
                                                   Identify a variety of
                                                   feelings and
                                                                           Identify appropriate
                                                                           ways to express
                                                                                                  Evaluate the
                                                                                                  importance of
                                                                                                                           Demonstrate ways to
                                                                                                                           effectively
                                                                                                                                                   Recognize situations
                                                                                                                                                   where the
                                                                                                                                                                           Describe how to
                                                                                                                                                                           constructively
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Formulate scenarios
                                                                                                                                                                                                   that will illustrate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Analyze ways
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           individuals can
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Compare and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   contrast constructive
                                                   situations that may     needs, wants, and      effective listening      communicate with        perspective of others   manage feelings         potential problems or   respond to the          versus destructive
                            Identify appropriate   require adult           feelings (e.g.,        skills in building and   others and recognize    may differ from your    caused by               difficult situations    various needs and       defense mechanisms
                            ways of expressing     assistance              dealing with anger,    maintaining              barriers to effective   own                     disappointment,                                 characteristics of      as a means for
                            feelings and                                   model attentive        relationships            communication                                   stress, separation or                           diverse people          handling one’s
                            recognize verbal and                           listening skills)                                                       Define defense          loss                                            including with:         emotions
                            nonverbal cues                                                                                                         mechanisms                                                              different abilities,
                            associated with each                                                                                                   (constructive or        Model healthy                                   chronic diseases,
                            (e.g., happy, sad,                                                                                                     destructive as a        communication skills                            different ethnic and
                            mad, and afraid)                                                                                                       means for handling      through exchange of                             cultural backgrounds
     Communication Skills




                                                                                                                                                   emotions (e.g.,         information,
                                                                                                                                                   talking it out vs.      questions, and ideas
                                                                                                                                                   shutting down)          while recognizing the
                                                                                                                                                                           perspective of others




    State                       HPE2, CA6               HPE2, CA6              HPE2, CA6              HPE 2, CA 6              HPE2, CA 6              HPE 2, CA 6                 HPE 2                  HPE 2                                            HPE 2
  Standards
   National                          4                       4                      4                       4                        4                       4
  Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                                  16
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                                       rev: 02/05/07
                                                            Functions and Interrelationships of Systems



 2. Social, Emotional and Mental Health
                        Grade K   Grade 1      Grade 2      Grade 3        Grade 4         Grade 5        Grade 6   Grade 7        Grade 8               Grade 9-12
      D.                                                                                                                      Analyze ways
                                                                                                                              individuals can
                                                                                                                                                      Predict how the
                                                                                                                                                      dynamics of
                                                                                                                              respond to the          relationships with
                                                                                                                              various needs and       family, group, and
                                                                                                                              characteristics of      community changes
                                                                                                                              diverse people          as the individual
                                                                                                                              including with:         matures
                                                                                                                              different abilities,
                                                                                                                              chronic diseases,       Summarize how the
                                                                                                                              different ethnic and    dynamics of
                                                                                                                              cultural backgrounds    relationships affect
                                                                                                                                                      the well-being and
       Group Dynamics




                                                                                                                                                      stability in the world
                                                                                                                                                      of work

                                                                                                                                                      Describe the most
                                                                                                                                                      effective strategy to
                                                                                                                                                      enhance group
                                                                                                                                                      dynamics by
                                                                                                                                                      comparing shared
                                                                                                                                                      decision-making,
                                                                                                                                                      collaboration, and
                                                                                                                                                      consensus building




 State Standards                                                                                                                                              HPE 2

    National
   Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                      17
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                          rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                    Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 1. Personal and Family Health
                                Grade K                    Grade 1               Grade 2              Grade 3                Grade 4                Grade 5          Grade 6        Grade 7             Grade 8       Grade 9-12
        A.                Identify behaviors that
                          keep a person healthy
                                                      Show the cause and
                                                      effect of healthy
                                                                             Identify and show
                                                                             good oral hygiene
                                                                                                 Describe that
                                                                                                 personal health is
                                                                                                                         List and explain
                                                                                                                         behavior that if
                                                                                                                                               Create a personal
                                                                                                                                               health plan that
                                                                                                                                                                               Critique personal
                                                                                                                                                                               behaviors and their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Demonstrate how
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    short and long term
                          (e.g., physical activity,   behaviors (e.g.,       (e.g., brushing,    enhanced by             performed regularly   includes balanced               cause and effect that                behaviors affect the
                          sleep, good nutrition,      physical activity,     flossing, dental    behaviors that          can contribute to a   nutrition, physical             relate to the                        functioning of the
                          clothing, hygiene)          sleep, good            exams)              include care of skin,   healthy lifestyle     activity, hygiene,              following choices:                   human body systems
                                                      nutrition, clothing,                       teeth, gums, hair,      (eating breakfast     adequate sleep, no              eating breakfast
                                                      hygiene)                                   eyes, nose, ears,       daily, not smoking,   alcohol, healthy                daily                                Investigate the
                                                                                                 nails)                  adequate sleep,       snacking                        refraining from the                  impact history and
                                                                                                                         maintain normal                                       use of tobacco and                   current practices
                                                                                                                         weight, regular                                       alcohol                              have on the
                                                                                                                         physical activity,                                    sleeping six to eight                development of a
                                                                                                                         avoiding alcohol,                                     hours a night                        healthy body
                                                                                                                         healthy snacking)                                     maintaining a
        Personal Health




                                                                                                                                                                               healthy weight                       Show the steps used
                                                                                                                                                                               Daily moderate to                    in problem solving
                                                                                                                                                                               vigorous physical                    model to examine
                                                                                                                                                                               activities                           system functions
                                                                                                                                                                               making healthy food                  and disease
                                                                                                                                                                               choices (fruits,                     formation
                                                                                                                                                                               vegetables, whole                    encountered in daily
                                                                                                                                                                               grains, portion sizes)               living situation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Develop methods
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    using technology,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    logical and creative
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    strategies, and other
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    resources (media,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    culture, medical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    research) to predict,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    prevent, and solve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    health problems

       State                       HPE2                      HPE2                   HPE2                HPE2                HPE2, HPE 5               HPE2                        HPE 2, HPE 5                       HPE 1, HPE 2, HPE
     Standards                                                                                                                                                                                                        3, HPE 4, HPE 6
 National Standards                  1                         1                                                                  1                      1




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                   18
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                       rev: 02/05/07
                                                                       Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 1. Personal and Family Health
                          Grade K       Grade 1           Grade 2       Grade 3           Grade 4   Grade 5        Grade 6                Grade 7              Grade 8               Grade 9-12
       B.                           Identify preventive
                                    health care (e.g.,
                                                                    Summarize how
                                                                    preventive health
                                                                                                              Identify various
                                                                                                              health needs during
                                                                                                                                      Predict problems
                                                                                                                                      that may occur due
                                                                                                                                                           Assess personal
                                                                                                                                                           health needs during
                                                                                                                                                                                   Discuss the concept
                                                                                                                                                                                   of preventive care
                                    immunizations,                  care enhances one’s                       adolescence (e.g.,      to health needs,     adolescence and         and its importance
                                    regular health and              health (e.g.,                             mental, emotional,      insufficient or no   apply strategies to     in maintaining and
                                    dental check-ups)               immunizations,                            social, and physical)   preventive care      address those needs     improving health
                                                                    regular health and                                                                     or problems
                                                                    dental care)
        Preventive Care




       State                               HPE3                           HPE 3                                      HPE 5                  HPE 3                HPE 5
     Standards
      National                               1                               1
     Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                19
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                      rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                            Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 1. Personal and Family Health
                                 Grade K       Grade 1               Grade 2                Grade 3                Grade 4              Grade 5                 Grade 6            Grade 7        Grade 8               Grade 9-12
        C.                                 Recognize that all
                                           people grow and
                                                                 Describe how people
                                                                 grow and change
                                                                                       Sequence the stages
                                                                                       of the human life
                                                                                                              Trace the stages of
                                                                                                              the student’s life
                                                                                                                                    Recognize that rapid
                                                                                                                                    changes in physical,
                                                                                                                                                           Compare and
                                                                                                                                                           contrast factors that
                                                                                                                                                                                             Sequence the
                                                                                                                                                                                             process and events
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Develop and assess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      strategies for health-
                                           change from infancy   throughout life       cycle (e.g., infant,   cycle                 social, emotional,     can affect growth                 of the human life        related issues that
                                           to adulthood          (physically,          toddler, preschool,                          and intellectual       and development                   cycle including          are common to each
                                                                 mentally,             school-age)                                  growth contribute to   which one can alter,              fertilization, fetal     stage of the human
                                                                 emotionally, and                                                   adolescent health      enhance, or adapt                 development and          life cycle
                                                                 socially)                                                          concerns               (e.g., heredity,                  birth
                                                                                                                                                           family, environment,
                                                                                                                                                           physical activity,
        Growth and Development




                                                                                                                                                           hormones, disease)




       State                                     HPE 1                 HPE 1                  HPE 1                  HPE 1               HPE 1, 2
     Standards
 National Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                      20
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                         rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                        Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 1. Personal and Family Health
                                           Grade K             Grade 1                 Grade 2                Grade 3                  Grade 4                  Grade 5             Grade 6   Grade 7   Grade 8           Grade 9-12
   D.                                  Recognize that
                                       active play makes
                                                           Recognize that
                                                           physical activity
                                                                                  Describe how
                                                                                  physical activity
                                                                                                         Identify and define
                                                                                                         components of
                                                                                                                                  Classify activities as
                                                                                                                                  they relate to the
                                                                                                                                                           Distinguish
                                                                                                                                                           individual strengths
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Compare and contrast health-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  related (e.g., body
                                       people strong and   makes the heart beat   makes a person’s       health related fitness   health related fitness   and weaknesses in                                      composition, muscular
                                       healthy             faster                 body stronger (e.g.,                            components               health related fitness                                 strength, muscular endurance,
                                                                                  helps develop                                                                                                                   flexibility, and cardiovascular
                                                                                  strength, endurance,                                                                                                            fitness) and skill-related (e.g.,
                                                                                  and flexibility)                                                                                                                power, speed, reaction time,
    Health and Skill Related Fitness




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  balance, coordination, and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  agility) fitness components
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  and use the concepts to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  explain the benefits each
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  offers to the development of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  total fitness

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Analyze factors (e.g., time,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  cost, accessibility) related to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  regular participation in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  physical activity

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Analyze present fitness levels
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  to create a personal fitness
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  plan which meets current and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  future needs necessary for the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  maintenance of total fitness




   State                                      HPE 4               HPE 4                  HPE 4                  HPE 4                    HPE 4                    HPE 4                                                        HPE 4
 Standards
 National
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                             21
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                              rev: 02/05/07
                                                                             Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 1. Personal and Family Health
                                              Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2   Grade 3     Grade 4      Grade 5      Grade 6   Grade 7   Grade 8            Grade 9-12
                                                                                                                                                Cite evidence how teen pregnancy
              E.                                                                                                                                and parenting can impact personal,
                                                                                                                                                family and societal perspectives
                                                                                                                                                (e.g., dropout, low self-esteem,
                                                                                                                                                abandonment, and economics)
     Factors Relating to Teen Pregnancy and


                                                                                                                                                Investigate and analyze the cause
                                                                                                                                                and effect relationship between
                                                                                                                                                obtaining prenatal care and the
                                                                                                                                                health of the mother and baby.
                                                                                                                                                (e.g., nutrition, alcohol and tobacco
                                                                                                                                                consumption, physical activity,
                                                                                                                                                age, other drug use)
                Family Planning




                                                                                                                                                Critique the factors to be
                                                                                                                                                considered in family planning
                                                                                                                                                (e.g., physical and emotional
                                                                                                                                                maturity, religious and cultural
                                                                                                                                                beliefs, benefits and risks of
                                                                                                                                                contraception)

                                                                                                                                                Investigate how behaviors and pre-
                                                                                                                                                natal care influence the health of
                                                                                                                                                mother and baby

                                                                                                                                                Construct a chart illustrating
                                                                                                                                                contraception information (e.g.,
                                                                                                                                                abstinence, barrier methods, oral
                                                                                                                                                methods, surgical methods,
                                                                                                                                                injectable methods, implants)
                                                                                                                                                showing a progression of reliability
                                                                                                                                                (most reliable to least reliable)




       State
     Standards
      National                                                                                                                                           HPEE 2, HPEE 5
     Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                               22
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                             rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                            Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 2. Nutrition
                          Grade K        Grade 1                Grade 2                Grade 3               Grade 4                  Grade 5                   Grade 6                  Grade 7                  Grade 8                  Grade 9-12
                                    Recognize that foods   Compare and contrast   Identify the six      Identify the sources     Identify sources and      Describe and             Conduct laboratory       Justify food sources       Analyze food using
   A.                               come from plant and    the effects of         essential nutrients   and basic functions of   functions of specific     differentiate the        inquiries to determine   that supply each of        technology to
                                    animal sources         nutrient-dense and     and their functions   the six essential        vitamins and              contribution specific    the presence of fat,     the essential nutrients    calculate the
                                                           empty calorie foods    (carbohydrates,       nutrients including      minerals that are         nutrients make           protein, starches and                               nutritional content of
                                                           on the body (e.g.,     protein, fats,        fiber                    critical for youth        towards growth           sugar in food samples                               food
                                                           soda/skim milk,        vitamins, minerals,                            (e.g., calcium, folate,   repair, and cellular
                                                           chips/apple;           water)                                         vitamins, A,C&D)          needs of the body:                                                           Assess key nutrients
                                                           cookies/carrots)                                                                                fats provide the body                                                        and their specific
                                                                                                                                 Recognize the             with a stored form of                                                        functions and
                                                                                                                                 mypyramid.gov food        energy, warmth and                                                           influences on body
                                                                                                                                 slogans (e.g., go lean    insulation for body                                                          processes
    Essential Nutrients




                                                                                                                                 with meat, vary your      organs:
                                                                                                                                 vegetables, focus on      carbohydrates                                                                Show the relationship
                                                                                                                                 fruits, get your          provides the body                                                            between nutrients and
                                                                                                                                 calcium rich foods,       with an immediate                                                            disease prevention
                                                                                                                                 make the most of          source of energy:
                                                                                                                                 your whole grains)        protein helps the                                                            Assess how
                                                                                                                                                           body grow, makes                                                             nutritional needs
                                                                                                                                                           muscles strong and                                                           change throughout
                                                                                                                                                           repairs body tissues:                                                        the life cycle
                                                                                                                                                           vitamins and
                                                                                                                                                           minerals help to
                                                                                                                                                           release energy and
                                                                                                                                                           help to release energy
                                                                                                                                                           and help the body
                                                                                                                                                           fight infections
                                                                                                                                                           making strong bones
                                                                                                                                                           and teeth




   State                                   HPE 2                  HPE 2                  HPE 2                 HPE 2                     HPE 2                                                                       HPE 2                      HPE 2
 Standards
  National                                                          5
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                        23
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                            rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                       Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 2. Nutrition
                         Grade K                Grade 1                Grade 2                  Grade 3              Grade 4   Grade 5      Grade 6   Grade 7   Grade 8      Grade 9-12
   B.               Recognize my
                    pyramid graphic (see
                                           Recognize that food
                                           fits into different
                                                                   Identify healthy food
                                                                   choices (see my food
                                                                                           Categorize foods into
                                                                                           the appropriate group
                    mypyramid.gov)         groups (i.e., grains,   pyramid.gov) in each    on the “My Pyramid”
                                           fruits, vegetables,     of the five food        based on primary
                                           dairy, beans, meats)    groups (sorting play    nutrient content (e.g.,
                                                                   food or pictures into   carbohydrates,
                                                                   food groups)            proteins, fats)
    Food Grouping




   State                   HPE 2                   HPE 2                  HPE 2                    HPE 2
 Standards
  National                   3
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                 24
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                               rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                    Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 2. Nutrition
                                           Grade K                 Grade 1                Grade 2              Grade 3                 Grade 4                Grade 5               Grade 6                  Grade 7                 Grade 8                 Grade 9-12
     C                                Recognize we need a
                                      variety of foods each
                                                              Recognize different
                                                              amounts are needed
                                                                                     Identify a healthy
                                                                                     snack from each
                                                                                                          Recognize the factors
                                                                                                          that influence food
                                                                                                                                  Make decisions
                                                                                                                                  regarding food
                                                                                                                                                         Use the my
                                                                                                                                                         pyramid.gov website
                                                                                                                                                                               Compare the nutrient
                                                                                                                                                                               contribution of a food
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Evaluate factors that
                                                                                                                                                                                                        influence food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Create a meal plan (s)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                through the selection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Prove how a well-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          balanced diet that is
                                      day                     from each food group   food group (see      choices (e.g.,          choices based on       to construct a        to its energy/caloric    choices and their       of appropriate food       low in fat, high in
                                                              for healthy eating     mypyramid.gov)       availability, family    balance, (e.g., food   balanced menu         contribution             impact on nutrition     based on energy           fiber, vitamins and
                                                                                                          preference, culture,    log, meal planning,                                                   and health. Factors     needs, food               minerals can reduce
                                                                                                          media)                  grocery shopping       Describe and assess                            include: culture,       preferences and           the risk of certain
                                                                                                                                  moderation and         the relationship of                            family, emotions,       nutrient requirements     disease
    Balance, Variety and Moderation




                                                                                                                                  variety )              family preferences                             peers, media            as represented in “My
                                                                                                                                                         and culture food                                                       Pyramid”                  Investigate and
                                                                                                                                                         choices                                                                                          analyze the factors
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          that influence dietary
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          choices (e.g.,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          lifestyle, ethnicity,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          family, media, and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          advertising)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Analyze food choices
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and discuss how it
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          should be used to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          develop a proper diet




   State                                     HPE 2                   HPE 2                  HPE 2                HPE 2                    HPE 2              SS 6, HPE 2              HPE 2                HPE 2, HPE 6                HPE 2                      HPE 2
 Standards
  National                                      1                      1                                            2                       5                     5
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                                              rev: 02/05/07
                                                                        Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 2. Nutrition
                             Grade K   Grade 1       Grade 2              Grade 3           Grade 4       Grade 5                 Grade 6                Grade 7            Grade 8       Grade 9-12
       D.                                        Recognize that
                                                 eating healthy and
                                                                      Compare/contrast
                                                                      the relationship
                                                                                                      Recognize that food
                                                                                                      choices affect body
                                                                                                                             Formulate
                                                                                                                             appropriate
                                                                                                                                                     Recognize the
                                                                                                                                                     symptoms of various
                                                                                                                                                                                        Review the
                                                                                                                                                                                        principles of a
                                                 being active will    between body image              composition,           strategies to address   eating disorders and               healthy body image
                                                 help maintain a      and personal health             optimal health, and    problems that can       proper referral                    and their effect on
                                                 healthy body         (e.g., self-esteem,             healthy body image     affect a healthy        resources                          overall well-being
                                                 composition          disease prevention,                                    body image during
                                                                      ethnicity)                                             adolescence (e.g.,
                                                                                                                             culture, family,
                                                                                                      Discuss the            peers, media,
                                                                                                      misconceptions         personality,
                                                                                                      projected by society   emotions)
        Healthy Body Image




                                                                                                      in regards to body
                                                                                                      image




       State                                            HPE2                HPE 2                        HPE 2, HPE 6           HPE 2, HPE 6         HPE 2, HPE 3, HPE
     Standards                                                                                                                                               7
      National                                            1                                                   1,3
     Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                     26
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                           rev: 02/05/07
                                                                             Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 2. Nutrition
                      Grade K       Grade 1            Grade 2                 Grade 3                Grade 4                   Grade 5            Grade 6        Grade 7             Grade 8       Grade 9-12
       E.                       Recognize that
                                packaged food
                                                   Identify the basic
                                                   parts of the
                                                                          Explain the
                                                                          importance of
                                                                                                 Locate five essential
                                                                                                 nutrients (carbs, fats,
                                                                                                                           Examine food labels
                                                                                                                           to determine calories
                                                                                                                                                             Analyze and critique
                                                                                                                                                             food labeling
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Apply concepts
                                                                                                                                                                                                  using food labels to
                                products contain   Nutrition Facts        nutrition facts on     proteins, vitamin,        and nutrients in a                information to                       meet the dietary
                                labels             label (e.g., serving   food labels in         minerals) on food         product (e.g.,                    determine calories,                  needs of individuals
                                                   size, fat, sugar,      making healthy         labels and recognize      compare nutritional               nutrients, serving                   for a healthy
                                                   ingredients)           selections (e.g.,      that this information     value and                         size, types of                       lifestyle (e.g.,
                                                                          serving size,          helps one make            ingredients of two                ingredients and                      diabetes, lactose
                                                                          calories, nutrients,   healthy food choices      product labels)                   nutritional value in a               intolerance, food
                                                                          ingredients)                                                                       product                              allergies)
        Food Labels




       State                          HPE 2               HPE 2                   HPE2                  HPE 2                     HPE 2                             HPE 2                             HPE 2, HPE 6
     Standards
      National                           3                   3                      5                      3                        3                                 1.2
     Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                27
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                     rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                            Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 2. Nutrition
                          Grade K                 Grade 1               Grade 2             Grade 3         Grade 4            Grade 5   Grade 6        Grade 7            Grade 8       Grade 9-12
       F.             Recognize how
                      germs are spread
                                              Illustrate proper
                                              food safety
                                                                   Recognize the four
                                                                   basic rules of food
                                                                                                       Describe proper
                                                                                                       food guidelines and
                                                                                                                                                   Apply the four basic
                                                                                                                                                   rules of food
                                                                                                                                                                                       Discuss the cause
                                                                                                                                                                                       and effect
                      and apply practices     procedures (e.g.,    handling (i.e., clean,              storage (e.g.,                              handling to different               relationships that
                      to reduce germs in      washing hands, not   cook, chill, separate)              expiration date,                            food preparation                    influence a safe food
                      our community           touching other’s                                         refrigerated vs. non-                       situations (e.g.,                   supply (e.g.,
                      (e.g., hand washing,    food, double                                             refrigerated food)                          clean, chill, cook,                 regulatory agencies,
                      not eating food off,    dipping)                                                                                             separate)                           food handling and
                      floor, not touching                                                                                                                                              production, food
                      others food, wash                                                                                                                                                storage, techniques,
                      fruits and vegetables                                                                                                                                            pesticides, additives)
        Food Safety




       State                 HPE 2                  HPE 2                                                     HPE 2                                       HPE 2                            HPE 2, HPE 6
     Standards
      National                 7                       7                                                         7                                           7
     Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                       28
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                          rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                         Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 2. Nutrition
                                            Grade K       Grade 1                Grade 2                   Grade 3                 Grade 4                Grade 5            Grade 6       Grade 7            Grade 8       Grade 9-12
       G.                                             Recognize that food
                                                      provides the body
                                                                             Select foods that are
                                                                             nutrient-dense to
                                                                                                      Recognize that
                                                                                                      essential nutrients
                                                                                                                               Describe the
                                                                                                                               relationship between
                                                                                                                                                      Summarize the
                                                                                                                                                      relationship between
                                                                                                                                                                                       Apply nutrition
                                                                                                                                                                                       knowledge to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Design a nutritional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          plan and fitness
                                                      with fuel (energy)     provide the body         provide different        food intake and        foot intake and                  compare the nutrient               program based on
                                                      (e.g., importance of   with long-lasting        amounts of energy        energy                 physical activity                contribution of a                  the relationship
                                                      eating breakfast)      energy for thinking      (e.g., carbs, protein,                                                           food to its energy                 between food intake
                                                                             and physical             fats)                                                                            contribution                       and activity level
        Food Energy and Physical Activity


                                                                             activity (e.g., eating                                                                                                                       with regard to
                                                                             fruits/vegetables                                                                                                                            weight management
                                                                             versus candy/chips)                                                                                                                          and healthy living
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          (e.g., caloric intake,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          calorie expenditure,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          weight gain, weight
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          maintenance, and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          safe weight loss)




       State                                                 HPE 2                  HPE2                      HPE 2                  HPE 2                  HPE 2                            HPE 2                                HPE 2
     Standards
      National                                                                        5
     Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                          29
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                             rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                         Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 3. Consumer Health and Safety
                                            Grade K   Grade 1       Grade 2              Grade 3        Grade 4           Grade 5       Grade 6            Grade 7       Grade 8               Grade 9-12
             A.                                                 Observe advertising
                                                                techniques that
                                                                                                    Collect and display
                                                                                                    examples of how the
                                                                                                                                    Recognize that fads,
                                                                                                                                    quackery, and
                                                                                                                                                                     Analyze marketing
                                                                                                                                                                     and advertising
                                                                                                                                                                                             Evaluate the role the
                                                                                                                                                                                             media can play in
                                                                target children (e.g.,              media can influence             advertising can                  techniques that         influencing young
                                                                toys in cereal, fast                a consumer decision             influence health                 influence consumer      adults’ self concept
                                                                food meals, cartoon                 regarding health                behaviors and                    decisions (e.g.,        by idealizing body
     Media Influence on Health Habits and


                                                                characters)                         practices and                   practices                        bandwagon,              image and elite
                                                                                                    products (e.g.,                                                  beautiful people,       performance levels
                                                                                                    magazine,                                                        good times, status,     of famous people
                                                                                                    newspaper,                                                       symbols-well known
                                                                                                    commercial)                                                      characters)             Analyze the health
                                                                                                                                                                                             claims that the
                                                                                                                                                                                             media make and
                                                                                                                                                                                             their impact on
                                                                                                                                                                                             physical,
                                                                                                                                                                                             mental/emotional,
                  Decisions




                                                                                                                                                                                             and social health.




       State                                                           HPE6                               HPE 6                            HPE6                            HPE 6                    HPE 6
     Standards
      National                                                            2                                 2
     Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                            30
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                rev: 02/05/07
                                                                     Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 3. Consumer Health and Safety
                                    Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2   Grade 3      Grade 4          Grade 5             Grade 6   Grade 7        Grade 8                 Grade 9-12
      B.                                                                                  List five rights that
                                                                                          consumers have to
                                                                                                                                        Identify and select
                                                                                                                                        appropriate consumer
                                                                                                                                                                  Analyze the
                                                                                                                                                                  reliability of health
                                                                                          protect themselves                            protection agencies       care information,
                                                                                          from false health                             that address various      services and products
                                                                                          claims (1) right to                           specific consumer         that could affect
                                                                                          safety (2) right be                           issues                    consumer decision-
                                                                                          informed (3) right be                                                   making (e.g., finding
                                                                                          heard, (4) right to                           Identify and analyze      specialists such as
       Consumer Rights and Issues




                                                                                          have problems                                 consumer health           CDC, county health
                                                                                          corrected, (5) right to                       issues and products to    departments,
                                                                                          consumer education)                           make wise decisions       extension centers;
                                                                                                                                                                  insurance carriers,
                                                                                          Identify consumer                                                       clinics, hospitals,
                                                                                          health problems in                                                      OB/GYN, and
                                                                                          your community                                                          emergency rooms)




 State Standards                                                                                  HPE6                                                                   HPE 6

    National                                                                                         6
   Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                 31
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                      rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                     Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 3. Consumer Health and Safety
                                Grade K                Grade 1           Grade 2   Grade 3       Grade 4          Grade 5       Grade 6              Grade 7                     Grade 8                     Grade 9-12
      C.                    Identify
                            community helpers
                                                   Describe the
                                                   responsibilities of
                                                                                             Compare and
                                                                                             contrast
                                                                                                                            Recognize how the
                                                                                                                            collaboration
                                                                                                                                                 Connect the
                                                                                                                                                 appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                        Examine the viewpoints and
                                                                                                                                                                        efforts of individuals,
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Develop a list of
                                                                                                                                                                                                           individual and/or
                            and health             various community                         community helpers              efforts of           resource in the        communities, and government        governmental
                            professionals (e.g.,   helpers                                   and agencies who               individuals,         community to           regarding societal health          agencies that have a
                            fire, police, nurse,                                             can provide                    communities, and     determine their role   issues in order to make            major responsibility
                            doctor, dentist,                                                 assistance for                 government affect    in prevention and      decisions that are informed        for providing
                            pediatrician,                                                    specific health                the health of a      treatment of health    and responsible:                   assistance to people
                            pharmacist, safety                                               issues or problems             community (e.g.,     related problems       managing waste                     for their health
                            patrol)                                                          (e.g., firemen,                recycling effort,    (e.g., American        conserving energy and water
                                                                                             policemen,                     pollution centers)   Cancer Society,        pollution control
                                                                                             paramedics,                                         March of Dimes,        tobacco free facilities
       Community Services




                                                                                             American Heart                                      American Hearth
                                                                                             Association)                                        Association)           Analyze how the Department
                                                                                                                                                                        of Health and Senior Services,
                                                                                                                                                                        the Center for Disease Control
                                                                                                                                                                        and Prevention, and other
                                                                                                                                                                        public health agencies are
                                                                                                                                                                        responsible for disease
                                                                                                                                                                        reduction and control
                                                                                                                                                                        prevention, research,
                                                                                                                                                                        education, and enforcement of
                                                                                                                                                                        laws (e.g., food inspection,
                                                                                                                                                                        safe food storage and
                                                                                                                                                                        handling, distributing flu
                                                                                                                                                                        vaccines, and no smoking
                                                                                                                                                                        ordinances)




      State                     SS6, HPE 6            SS 6, HPE 6                               SS 6, HPE 6                                            HPE 3                       HPE 3
    Standards
     National                                                                                        4                                                                               3.4
    Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                         32
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                              rev: 02/05/07
                                                                             Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 3. Consumer Health and Safety
                                               Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2   Grade 3       Grade 4      Grade 5       Grade 6                Grade 7                Grade 8                Grade 9-12
         D.                                                                                                       Identify and explore
                                                                                                                  health related
                                                                                                                                         Examine the
                                                                                                                                         different types of
                                                                                                                                                               Explore career
                                                                                                                                                               opportunities in the
                                                                                                                                                                                         Identify problems
                                                                                                                                                                                         within healthcare
                                                                                                                  careers                health care systems   health related            systems (e.g., cost of
                                                                                                                                         (e.g., HMOs—          profession (e.g.,         experimental drugs,
                                                                                                                                         employer provided     education, primary        medical ethics,
                                                                                                                                         insurance             prevention, tertiary      access issues) and
                                                                                                                                                               care, medical             create strategies to
             Health Care Systems and Careers



                                                                                                                                                               engineer, exercise        solve such problems
                                                                                                                                                               physiologist, sports
                                                                                                                                                               therapist, nurse,
                                                                                                                                                               physician, dietitian)
                                                                                                                                                               and how these roles
                                                                                                                                                               meet the needs of
                                                                                                                                                               the health consumer




 State
 Standards
 National
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                         33
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                            rev: 02/05/07
                                                                               Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 4. Life Management Skills
                               Grade K          Grade 1           Grade 2   Grade 3        Grade 4            Grade 5        Grade 6                 Grade 7             Grade 8       Grade 9-12
    A.                    Recognize that
                          people have
                                           Describe what causes
                                           disagreements/
                                                                                      Identify the steps of
                                                                                      conflict resolution
                                                                                                                        Assess conflict
                                                                                                                        situations and apply
                                                                                                                                               Develop a conflict
                                                                                                                                               situation, select a
                                                                                                                                                                                    Apply practices that
                                                                                                                                                                                    preserve and enhance
                          disagreements    fights and how to                                                            conflict               strategy to address it,              safety and health of
                                           avoid them                                 1. Identify the                   resolution/mediation   and evaluate it’s                    others (e.g., conflict
                                                                                      conflict                          strategies             effectiveness                        resolution, peer
                                                                                      2. Agree to disagree                                                                          mediation, seeking
                                                                                      3. Listen to each                                                                             adult or professional
                                                                                      other                                                                                         consultation, stress
                                                                                      4. Negotiate                                                                                  management, goal
                                                                                      5. Compromise on a                                                                            setting, decision-
                                                                                      solution                                                                                      making, assertive
    Conflict Resolution




                                                                                                                                                                                    behavior, resisting
                                                                                                                                                                                    peer pressure, asset
                                                                                                                                                                                    development) in
                                                                                                                                                                                    school, community,
                                                                                                                                                                                    and neighborhoods




 State                    HPE 2            HPE 2                                      HPE2
 Standards
 National                                                                             4                                                        3.3
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                    34
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                        rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 4. Life Management Skills
                           Grade K                Grade 1         Grade 2                 Grade 3                   Grade 4                    Grade 5        Grade 6                Grade 7            Grade 8       Grade 9-12
    B.                Recognize that
                      people have choices
                                             Recognize that
                                             decisions have
                                                              Recognize that there
                                                              are steps to help a
                                                                                     Identify the five steps
                                                                                     of the decision
                                                                                                               Explain and cite
                                                                                                               examples where the
                                                                                                                                                         Apply the decision
                                                                                                                                                         making process to
                                                                                                                                                                                Analyze and evaluate
                                                                                                                                                                                how the decision
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Apply practices that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   preserve and enhance
                                             consequences     person make            making process 1.         decision making                           adolescent health      making process can                 the safety and health
                                                              decisions              What is the problem?      process may be used                       issues                 help an individual in              of others (e.g.,
                                                                                     2. What are my            (e.g., choosing sports,                                          life situations                    conflict resolution,
                                                                                     choices?                  snacks, friends)                          Recognize that life                                       peer mediation,
                                                                                     3. What are the pros                                                management skills                                         seeking adult or
                                                                                     and cons of each                                                    (e.g., stress                                             professional
                                                                                     choice?                                                             management, goal                                          consultation, stress
                                                                                     4. How important are                                                setting, decision                                         management, goal
                                                                                     the consequences of                                                 making, assertive                                         setting, decision-
                                                                                     each choice? 5.                                                     behavior, resisting                                       making, assertive
    Decision Making




                                                                                     Which is the best                                                   peer pressure, and                                        behavior, resisting
                                                                                     choice?)                                                            conflict resolution)                                      peer pressure, asset
                                                                                                                                                         can be applied to                                         development)
                                                                                                                                                         personal situations
                                                                                                                                                         that adolescents
                                                                                                                                                         encounter




 State                HPE 2          HPE 2            HPE 2   HPE2              HPE2                               11.D.1,
 Standards                                                                                                         11.D.1a
 National             5              5                5       5                 5                                  1.1, 4.1              3.4
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                  35
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                       rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                              Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 4. Life Management Skills
                                Grade K        Grade 1                 Grade 2                Grade 3                  Grade 4                  Grade 5             Grade 6        Grade 7             Grade 8       Grade 9-12
          C.                              Recognize that
                                          people have problems
                                                                     Identify the
                                                                     positive ways to
                                                                                        Illustrate the positive
                                                                                        ways to solve or
                                                                                                                  Apply strategies to
                                                                                                                  solve or prevent
                                                                                                                                           Critique situations in
                                                                                                                                           which strategies can
                                                                                                                                                                              Evaluate the process
                                                                                                                                                                              used in solving
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Apply practices that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   preserve and
                                                                     solve or prevent   prevent problems          problems (e.g., listen   be used to solve or                problems and verify                  enhance the safety
                                          Recognize that             problems (e.g.,    (e.g., communication      attentively, calm        prevent problems                   whether the solution                 and health of others
                                          problems have              verbal             skills-verbal, non-       down, find a             (e.g., video                       addresses the                        (e.g., conflict
                                          solutions                  communication      verbal messages)          compromise)              examples, role play,               problem to which it                  resolution, peer
                                                                     skills, non-                                                          literature discussion)             was applied                          mediation, seeking
                                                                     verbal, and “I”                                                                                                                               adult or professional
                                                                     messages)                                                                                                Distinguish between                  consultation, stress
                                                                                                                                                                              problems that can be                 management, goal
                                                                                                                                                                              solved                               setting, decision-
                                                                                                                                                                              independently and                    making, assertive
          Problem Solving




                                                                                                                                                                              those that need the                  behavior, resisting
                                                                                                                                                                              help of a peer, adult,               peer pressure, asset
                                                                                                                                                                              or professional                      development)




 State Standards            HPE 2         HPE 2                  HPE 2                    HPE 2                    HPE 2                    HPE 2

 National Standards         1                                    5                        4                        4                        4




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                  36
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                      rev: 02/05/07
                                                                            Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 4. Life Management Skills
                      Grade K        Grade 1              Grade 2       Grade 3         Grade 4                 Grade 5            Grade 6         Grade 7          Grade 8       Grade 9-12
       D.                       demonstrate how
                                goal-setting help a
                                                                                   Develop short-term
                                                                                   goals and record
                                                                                                           Establish short and
                                                                                                           long term goals for a
                                                                                                                                             Develop a plan of
                                                                                                                                             action to achieve
                                                                                                                                                                               Apply practices that
                                                                                                                                                                               preserve and enhance
                                person make a                                      progress regarding      specific health issue             realistic personal                the safety and health
                                difference in their                                personal health                                           goals and assess the              of others (e.g.,
                                health or fitness                                  and/or fitness (e.g.,                                     outcome relative to               conflict resolution,
                                                                                   brush teeth twice a                                       the impact on one’s               peer mediation,
                                                                                   day for two weeks,                                        self-esteem                       seeking adult or
                                                                                   walk for 15 minutes                                                                         professional
                                                                                   three times a week                                                                          consultation, stress
                                                                                   after school)                                                                               management, goal
                                                                                                                                                                               setting, decision-
                                                                                                                                                                               making, assertive
                                                                                                                                                                               behavior, resisting
                                                                                                                                                                               peer pressure, asset
       Goal Setting




                                                                                                                                                                               development)




 State Standards                HPE 2                 HPE 2         HPE 2          HPE 2                   HPE 2

 National                       6                     6             6              6                       6                                 4.5
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                              37
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                   rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                          Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 4. Life Management Skills
                                    Grade K                 Grade 1               Grade 2           Grade 3                    Grade 4              Grade 5        Grade 6                  Grade 7             Grade 8       Grade 9-12
    E.                         Recognize and
                               practice saying “no”
                                                       Recognize each
                                                       person has the right
                                                                                              Define refusal skills
                                                                                              (strategies that help
                                                                                                                         List situations in
                                                                                                                         which
                                                                                                                                                              Discuss peer pressure
                                                                                                                                                              reversal techniques to
                                                                                                                                                                                       Examine the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                       that peer pressure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Apply practices that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           preserve and enhance
                               to unhealthy actions    to stand up for what                   you say no) and            refusal/assertive skills             reduce or resist         refusal skills have on              the safety and health
                               and behaviors toward    is healthy for them                    assertive skills (skills   should be used and                   negative peer            self-perception and                 of others (e.g.,
                               them (e.g., stop, get   (e.g., refusing                        that allow you to          demonstrate the                      pressure and             the perception of                   conflict resolution,
                               away, and tell an       negative peer                          behave with                appropriate skills                   aggressive behavior      others                              peer mediation,
                               adult or No, Go, and    pressure)                              confidence)                                                                                                                  seeking adult or
                               Tell)                                                                                                                                                                                       professional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           consultation, stress
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           management, goal
    Refusal/Assertive Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           setting, decision-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           making, assertive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           behavior, resisting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           peer pressure, asset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           development)




 State                         HPE 2, HPE 5            HPE 2, HPE 5           HPE 2, HPE 5,   HPE 2, HPE 5               HPE 2, HPE 5
 Standards
 National                      4                       4                      4               4                          4
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                          38
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                               rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                  Health Maintenance and Enhancement


 4. Life Management Skills
                             Grade K          Grade 1       Grade 2            Grade 3          Grade 4            Grade 5         Grade 6         Grade 7          Grade 8         Grade 9-12
    F.                  Recognize that our
                        surroundings
                                                        Identify positive
                                                        influences in a
                                                                                         Create a list of assets
                                                                                         that would prevent
                                                                                                                             Evaluate current
                                                                                                                             assets (positive
                                                                                                                                                             Create a plan to
                                                                                                                                                             improve personal
                                                                                                                                                                                 Apply practices that
                                                                                                                                                                                 preserve and enhance
                        influence our lives             person’s life (e.g.,             students from making                influences in one’s             assets              the safety and health
                                                        school, community,               poor health decisions               life) and determine                                 of others (e.g.,
                                                        family)                          (e.g., clubs, family,               ways to enhance                                     conflict/resolution,
                                                                                         sports)                             those qualities                                     peer mediation,
                                                                                                                                                                                 seeking adult or
                                                                                                                                                                                 professional
                                                                                                                                                                                 consultation, stress
                                                                                                                                                                                 management, goal
                                                                                                                                                                                 setting, decision-
    Asset Development




                                                                                                                                                                                 making, assertive
                                                                                                                                                                                 behavior, resisting
                                                                                                                                                                                 peer pressure, asset
                                                                                                                                                                                 development)




 State                  HPE 2                           HPE2, SS 6                       HPE 2                               HPE 2                           HPE 2
 Standards
 National               2                               2                                2, 5                                2,5                             2, 5
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                39
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                     rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                         Health Maintenance and Enhancement



     4. Life Management Skills
                                              Grade K        Grade 1                Grade 2               Grade 3                   Grade 4                   Grade 5                 Grade 6                 Grade 7                   Grade 8               Grade 9-12
       G.                                               Recognize what
                                                        stress is and how it
                                                                               Identify healthy
                                                                               activities that can
                                                                                                     Describe healthy
                                                                                                     activities and coping
                                                                                                                               Identify personal
                                                                                                                               stressors in daily
                                                                                                                                                         Describe the short
                                                                                                                                                         and long term effects
                                                                                                                                                                                 Describe stress
                                                                                                                                                                                 management skills to
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Analyze various
                                                                                                                                                                                                         techniques designed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Apply stress
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   management skills to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           List common
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           stressors and develop
                                                        affects the body       relieve               strategies to deal with   living (e.g., large       of stress on the body   reduce stress related   to enhance coping         reduce stress-related   strategies to address
                                                                               uncomfortable         uncomfortable             groups, tests, family                             problems                abilities and manage      problems                the stressor, and then
                                                                               feelings and          feelings and              pressures. Too busy,                                                      stress (e.g., stay                                evaluate the extent to
                                                                               emotions              emotions(e.g., ask a      language barriers)                                                        healthy, relax,                                   which the strategy
                                                                                                     trusted adult, make a     and describe                                                              positive outlook,                                 was effective
                                                                                                     plan of action,           strategies to deal with                                                   physically active, talk
                                                                                                     exercise, speak up)       these stressors                                                           it out)                                           Create a plan using
                                                                                                                               (coping, time                                                                                                               life management
        Stress Management and Coping Skills




                                                                                                     Differentiate positive    management,                                                                                                                 skills to address
                                                                                                     and negative stress       decision-making)                                                                                                            personal and social
                                                                                                     and how they can                                                                                                                                      concerns that are a
                                                                                                     affect a person           Assess situations that                                                                                                      part of daily living
                                                                                                                               may require coping                                                                                                          (e.g., learning to
                                                                                                                               strategies (e.g.,                                                                                                           manage time and
                                                                                                                               loneliness, boredom,                                                                                                        stress, setting goals,
                                                                                                                               grief, anger, shyness                                                                                                       dealing with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           conflicts, work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           collaboratively)




       State                                                    HPE 2                                        HPE 2                     HPE 2                    HPE 2
     Standards
      National                                                                                                                           1
     Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                                   40
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                                        rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                         Health Maintenance and Enhancement



 4. Life Management Skills
                                          Grade K                  Grade 1                  Grade 2                 Grade 3               Grade 4                   Grade 5                 Grade 6                  Grade 7            Grade 8       Grade 9-12
         H.                          Define “private parts”
                                     and distinguish
                                                              Identify a trusted
                                                              adult
                                                                                       Identify resources in
                                                                                       the community that
                                                                                                               Define bullying and
                                                                                                               harassment and list
                                                                                                                                     Describe strategies to
                                                                                                                                     prevent bullying (e.g.,
                                                                                                                                                               Formulate a plan to
                                                                                                                                                               reduce the occurrence
                                                                                                                                                                                       Formulate a personal
                                                                                                                                                                                       and school-wide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Discuss sexual
                                                                                                                                                                                                                harassment issues and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Use maturation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   experiences to
                                     between “safe” and                                can provide safety      acts of each (e.g.,   avoid being alone,        of bullying. Include    plan(s) to address and   create a plan to                   demonstrate
                                     “unsafe” touch           Identify acceptable      (e.g., police, safe     excluding from        stay away from            strategies listed in    reduce bullying          address these issues               strategies to prevent,
                                                              and unacceptable         houses, school,         group, teasing,       people who fight,         grade 4                                                                             manage, or report
                                                              behavior toward          counselor, mall         inflicting physical   ignore insults)                                                                                               social problems
  Harassment/Bullying and Violence




                                                              others and list          security)               harm)                                                                                                                               related to abuse,
                                                              positive way s to deal                                                                                                                                                               exploitation,
                                                              with those behaviors                             Define violence and                                                                                                                 harassment, or
                                                                                                               identify the causes                                                                                                                 bullying
                                                                                                               (e.g., anger,
                                                                                                               prejudice, child                                                                                                                    Investigate resources
                                                                                                               abuse, socio-                                                                                                                       available to cope with
                                                                                                               economic status)                                                                                                                    social problems
            Prevention




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   related to abuse,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   exploitation,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   harassment, or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   bullying

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Develop a list of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   intervention skills
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   that can be used to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   prevent violence and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   describe when and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   how to use these
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   skills




 State                               HPE2, HPE5               HPE2, HPE5               HPE2, HPE5              HPE 2, HPE 5          HPE 2, HPE 5              HPE 2, HPE 5
 Standards
 National                                                     4                        4                       4                     4                         4
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                                   41
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                                       rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                                  Risk Assessment and Reduction


 1. Disease Prevention and Control
                                          Grade K                 Grade 1                Grade 2               Grade 3                 Grade 4                Grade 5           Grade 6   Grade 7       Grade 8                     Grade 9-12
         A.                           Recognize that
                                      germs cause illness.
                                                             Identify signs of
                                                             illness and list ways
                                                                                     Define
                                                                                     communicable and
                                                                                                          Differentiate
                                                                                                          between
                                                                                                                                   Identify and
                                                                                                                                   describe basic
                                                                                                                                                         Determine cause
                                                                                                                                                         and effect
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Connect causative
                                                                                                                                                                                                    factors, symptoms,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Describe the effects of positive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           lifestyles behaviors on the
                                                             to help you recover     non-communicable     communicable and         causes, symptoms,     relationships                              treatment and          occurrence of disease
                                                                                     diseases             non-communicable         treatments, and       between non-                               preventive measures
                                                             Define germs, where                          diseases and classify    management of         communicable                               to their appropriate   Conduct research to answer
  Communicable vs. Non-Communicable



                                                             they are found, and     Identify how germs   into the appropriate     common                diseases (e.g., Type                       non-communicable       questions regarding
                                                             what harm they          are spread and       category                 communicable          I diabetes vs. Type                        diseases               epidemiological studies and cite
                                                             cause to the body       apply practices                               diseases and health   II diabetes) and                                                  evidence about the management
                                                                                     which help reduce                             problems              lifestyle behaviors                                               and prevention of communicable
                                                                                     germs in our                                                                                                                          and non-communicable diseases
                                                                                     community germ-                                                                                                                       (e.g., local health department
                                                                                     free (e.g., cover                                                                                                                     statistics, youth risk behavior
                                                                                     mouth when                                                                                                                            survey (YRBS), Centers for
                                                                                     sneezing, wash                                                                                                                        Disease Control (CDC), National
                                                                                     hands)                                                                                                                                Institute of Health (NIH)
              Diseases




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Analyze past problems related to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           chronic diseases to develop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           strategies to predict, prevent,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           solve or manage present or future
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           disease-related problems (e.g.,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ethnic, cultural and family
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           histories)




 State                                HPE 3                  HPE 3                   HPE 3                HPE 3                    HPE 3                 HPE 3                                      HPE 3
 Standards
 National                                                    1                       1                    1                        1                     1
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                      42
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                         rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                            Risk Assessment and Reduction


 1. Disease Prevention and Control
                                     Grade K                Grade 1              Grade 2        Grade 3                   Grade 4             Grade 5        Grade 6             Grade 7        Grade 8                Grade 9-12
    B.                           Model proper hand
                                 washing and hygiene
                                                       Identify behaviors
                                                       that prevent and
                                                                                           Identify body’s basic
                                                                                           lines of defense (e.g.,
                                                                                                                     Explain how healthy
                                                                                                                     behaviors enhance
                                                                                                                                                        Identify the stages of
                                                                                                                                                        disease progression
                                                                                                                                                                                           Describe the body’s
                                                                                                                                                                                           lines of defense and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Describe the primary
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and secondary
                                                       reduce chances of                   skin, hair in nasal       the body’s basic lines             (e.g., incubation)                 the stages of disease    defenses for
                                                       illness (e.g., drinking             passages, white blood     of defense (e.g.,                                                     progression (e.g.,       prevention of disease
                                                       plenty of water,                    cells)                    sleep, physical                                                       incubation)              and discuss how they
                                                       immunizations, sleep,                                         activity, healthy food                                                                         help to maintain or
                                                       eating healthy foods)                                         choices)                                                                                       improve them
    Body Defenses and Recovery




 State                           HPE2, HPE3,           HPE2, HPE3                          HPE1                      HPE2, HPE3                         HPE 3                              HPE 3
 Standards
 National                        1                     1                                   1                         1
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                   43
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                        rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                  Risk Assessment and Reduction


 1. Disease Prevention and Control
                                          Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2        Grade 3                     Grade 4            Grade 5       Grade 6           Grade 7       Grade 8                    Grade 9-12
    C.                                                                  Define pathogen and
                                                                        three major types
                                                                                                   Identify that there
                                                                                                   are certain
                                                                                                                                      Analyze information
                                                                                                                                      about the
                                                                                                                                                                      Hypothesize optimal
                                                                                                                                                                      conditions for
                                                                                                                                                                                            Investigate communicable
                                                                                                                                                                                            diseases that have specific modes
                                                                        (i.e., bacteria, virus,    conditions and                     transmission and                growth and            of transmission, require
                                                                        fungi)                     lifestyle behaviors                prevention of                   transmission of       appropriate conditions for growth
                                                                                                   that enhance both                  communicable                    pathogens             in the host, have an incubation
    Types of Pathogens and Transmission



                                                                                                   the growth and                     diseases                                              period and respond in specific
                                                                                                   spread of pathogens                                                                      ways to current treatment
                                                                                                   (e.g., person-to-                                                                        methods (e.g., influenza,
                                                                                                   person, food, water,                                                                     common cold, chicken pox,
                                                                                                   not washing hands,                                                                       measles, mumps)
                                                                                                   improper
                                                                                                   refrigeration, lack of                                                                   Formulate and support an
                                                                                                   purification)                                                                            interpretation regarding the
                                                                                                                                                                                            reoccurrence of resistant strains
                                                                                                                                                                                            of pathogens (e.g., strep, herpes,
                                                                                                                                                                                            mononucleosis, gonorrhea,
                                                                                                                                                                                            Chlamydia, HIV, Staff Infection)

                                                                                                                                                                                            Use the scientific process of
                                                                                                                                                                                            laboratory investigation to test
                                                                                                                                                                                            hypotheses on pathogen
                                                                                                                                                                                            transmission (e.g., hand
                                                                                                                                                                                            sanitizers, Germglow,
                                                                                                                                                                                            disinfectants)




 State                                                                  HPE 3                      HPE 3                              HPE 3                           HPE 3, HPE 5
 Standards
 National                                                                                          1,7
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                        44
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                          rev: 02/05/07
                                                                              Risk Assessment and Reduction



 1. Disease Prevention and Control
                                          Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2   Grade 3       Grade 4       Grade 5        Grade 6                  Grade 7                  Grade 8                 Grade 9-12
          D.                                                                                                  Locate , select, and
                                                                                                              organize information
                                                                                                                                       Recognize the
                                                                                                                                       importance of regular
                                                                                                                                                                Analyze the impact
                                                                                                                                                                non-communicable
                                                                                                                                                                                          Compare signs and
                                                                                                                                                                                          symptoms of
                                                                                                              about non-               check-ups for various    diseases such as          common sexually
                                                                                                              communicable             types of cancer (e.g.,   diabetes, asthma,         transmitted infections
                                                                                                              diseases that may        breast, testicular,      could have on
  Adolescent Health Issues and Sexually




                                                                                                              impact adolescents       skin)                    adolescents physical,     Explain how sexually
                                                                                                              such as diabetes,                                 social, and emotional     transmitted infections
                                                                                                              asthma, joint disease,   Name and discuss         development               can affect an
                                                                                                              cancer, mental           common STIs                                        individual’s physical,
                                                                                                              disorder)                (sexually transmitted    Recognize adolescent      social,
         Transmitted Infections




                                                                                                                                       infections)              health issues and         mental/emotional,
                                                                                                                                                                select appropriate        intellectual,
                                                                                                                                       Describe the patterns    strategies to solve or    professional, and
                                                                                                                                       of transmission,         prevent problems          economic well-being
                                                                                                                                       treatments, and          (e.g., Anorexia,
                                                                                                                                       prevention of            bulimia, acne,            Predict the impact of
                                                                                                                                       sexually transmitted     scoliosis) including      sexually transmitted
                                                                                                                                       infections               knowing symptoms          infections on long-
                                                                                                                                                                and causes, early         term physical,
                                                                                                                                                                diagnosis and             mental/emotional,
                                                                                                                                                                treatment, self-care      and social health
                                                                                                                                                                and management            (e.g., sterility, cancer,
                                                                                                                                                                                          stress)




 State                                                                                                        HPE 3, HPE 5
 Standards
 National
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                             45
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                              rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                                Risk Assessment and Reduction


 1. Disease Prevention and Control
                                         Grade K                  Grade 1                  Grade 2                   Grade 3            Grade 4         Grade 5         Grade 6        Grade 7               Grade 8               Grade 9-12
    F.                              Identify bodily fluids
                                    (e.g., blood, saliva,
                                                             Recognize that bodily
                                                             fluids can carry
                                                                                      Identify safe
                                                                                      practices for
                                                                                                                Define HIV/AIDS
                                                                                                                and Recognize that
                                                                                                                                                   Describe how HIV
                                                                                                                                                   affects the immune
                                                                                                                                                                                  Explain and discuss
                                                                                                                                                                                  the relationship
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Identify signs and
                                                                                                                                                                                                        symptoms of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Explain how
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                HIV/AIDS affects an
                                    urine, tears, sweat,     harmful diseases and     reducing a person’s       HIV is transmitted                 system                         between HIV and       HIV/AIDS                individual’s physical,
                                    mucous)                  that some diseases are   risk for disease (e.g.,   through blood and                                                 AIDS and discuss                              social,
                                                             easily transmitted       syringes and needles,     other bodily fluids                                                                     Explain the patterns    mental/emotional,
                                    Identify how gloves      while others are not     sneezing, coughing,                                                                                               of transmission,        intellectual,
                                    protect us from                                   hand washing)                                                                                                     treatment (past and     professional, and
    HIV/AIDS Prevention Education




                                    bodily fluids                                                                                                                                                       present), and           economic well-being
                                                                                                                                                                                                        prevention of
                                                                                                                                                                                                        HIV/AIDS                Predict the impact of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                HIV/AIDS on long-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                term physical,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                mental/emotional,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and social (e.g.,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sterility, Kaposi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sarcoma, pneumonia,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                PCP, Stress, oral
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                thrush,, yeast
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                infections)




 State                              HPE3                     HPE3                     HPE3                      HPE3                               HPE3                           HPE 3                 HPE 3
 Standards
 National                           7                        1                        7                                                            7
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                46
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                    rev: 02/05/07
                                                                              Risk Assessment and Reduction


 1. Disease Prevention and Control
                                          Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2   Grade 3       Grade 4       Grade 5        Grade 6                  Grade 7              Grade 8       Grade 9-12
    G.                                                                                                        Explain the role of
                                                                                                              abstinence in
                                                                                                                                       Describe how to
                                                                                                                                       protect self and others
                                                                                                                                                                            (*Follow district
                                                                                                                                                                            curriculum policy
                                                                                                              preventing sexually      from STI (sexually                   when addressing
                                                                                                              transmitted infections   transmitted                          methods of
                                                                                                              and pregnancy            infections)                          contraception)
    Abstinence and Prevention Behaviors



                                                                                                              (**Section 170.015       (**Section 170.015
                                                                                                              Revised Statues of       Revised Statues of
                                                                                                              Missouri: Requires       Missouri: Requires
                                                                                                              the student be           the student be
                                                                                                              presented “with the      presented “with the
                                                                                                              latest medically         latest medically
                                                                                                              factual regarding both   factual regarding both
                                                                                                              the possible side        the possible side
                                                                                                              effects and health       effects and health
                                                                                                              benefits of all forms    benefits of all forms
                                                                                                              of contraception,        of contraception,
                                                                                                              including the success    including the success
                                                                                                              and failure rates for    and failure rates for
                                                                                                              the prevention of        the prevention of
                                                                                                              pregnancy and            pregnancy and
                                                                                                              sexually transmitted     sexually transmitted
                                                                                                              diseases.”))             diseases.”))




 State
 Standards
 National
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                       47
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                                        Risk Assessment and Reduction




 2. Injury Prevention and Safety
                                                    Grade K                 Grade 1                   Grade 2                 Grade 3                 Grade 4                  Grade 5             Grade 6        Grade 7           Grade 8      Grade 9-12
    A.                                         Identify safe and
                                               unsafe practices and
                                                                      Identify ways to stay
                                                                      safe in bad weather
                                                                                                 Describe common
                                                                                                 safety rules and laws
                                                                                                                         Construct a plan of
                                                                                                                         what to do when
                                                                                                                                                 Assess personal
                                                                                                                                                 environment and
                                                                                                                                                                          Discuss problems in
                                                                                                                                                                          daily living that may
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Assess home and
                                                                                                                                                                                                             school environments
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Describe and analyze
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               methods that can be
                                               conditions at home,    (e.g., tornado, electric   (e.g., playground,      home alone (e.g.,       recognize the            contribute to self-                for potential unsafe              effective in
                                               school, and            storms)                    bicycle, pedestrian,    emergency phone list,   potential for danger     destructive behaviors              situations and                    preventing societal
    Safety for Home, School, and Communities



                                               community                                         vehicle)                not answering door,     in everyday situations   and strategies to cope             recommend                         problems affecting
                                                                                                                         not using stove)        (e.g., not wearing       with these behaviors               corrective action                 teens (e.g., rape,
                                               Recognize warning      Identify safety rules      List common                                     seatbelt, too many                                                                            assault, homicide,
                                               labels that identify   for being around           emergencies and                                 plugs in one outlet,                                        Recognize problems                and other personal
                                               harmful items and      strangers and using        steps to take in each                           telling caller parents                                      in daily living that              safety risks)
                                               substances (e.g.,      the internet               situation                                       are out)                                                    may contribute to
                                               cleaning products,                                                                                                                                            self-destructive
                                               “Mr. Yuk” symbol,      Identify potential                                                                                                                     behaviors and apply
                                               plastic bags)          hazards in and around                                                                                                                  strategies to reduce
                                                                      the home (e.g.,                                                                                                                        the risks of harm to
                                                                      kitchen, bathroom,                                                                                                                     self and others
                                                                      yard, evacuation
                                                                      plan)




 State                                         HPE 5                  HPE5, HPE 7                HPE5, HPE 7             HPE5, HPE 7             HPE5                     HPE 5                              HPE 5
 Standards
 National                                      N5                     N5                         N5                      N5                      N5                       N5                                 N5
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                             48
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                   Risk Assessment and Reduction


 2. Injury Prevention and Safety
                                Grade K                  Grade 1                 Grade 2                Grade 3                Grade 4                 Grade 5               Grade 6                  Grade 7                 Grade 8                 Grade 9-12
    B.                     Tell what first aid is
                           and give an example
                                                    Identify individuals
                                                    who can properly
                                                                            Recognize what to do
                                                                            for minor injuries
                                                                                                   Create a plan that
                                                                                                   recognizes an
                                                                                                                          Demonstrate basic
                                                                                                                          first aid procedures
                                                                                                                                                  Explain how basic
                                                                                                                                                  aid techniques can
                                                                                                                                                                        Recognize basic aid
                                                                                                                                                                        techniques that help     Demonstrate basic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Prioritize and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        demonstrate the steps
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Identify, from a given
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   list, those situations
                                                    assist with first aid   under adult            emergency or non-      for handling weather-   help to save lives    save lives, reduce the   first aid procedures   in involved in             that are life
                           Explain how to make      procedures (e.g.,       supervision (e.g.,     emergency situation    related emergencies     (e.g., Heimlich       severity of an injury    such as the Heimlich   assessing an               threatening and
                           emergency phone          school nurse,           scrape, cut,           and how to respond     (e.g., hypothermia,     Maneuver and rescue   and enhance recovery     Maneuver, rescue       emergency situation        perform basic life
                           calls                    lifeguard, teacher,     nosebleed)             (should I call 911?)   frostbite, and heat     breathing)                                     breathing and CPR,     including 911 format,      saving maneuvers
                                                    parent, babysitter)                                                   exhaustion)                                                            poisoning, burns,      check, call, care          (e.g., CPR, Heimlich
                                                                                                                                                                                                 control bleeds, RICE                              Maneuver, bleeding
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Analyze why the            control, shock)
                                                                                                                                                                                                 )                      processes are used in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        sequential order (i.e.,
    First Aid Procedures




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ABC of emergencies




 State                     HPE2, HPE7               HPE2, HPE7              HPE2, HPE7             HPE 2, HPE 7           HPE 2, HPE 7            HPE 7, HPE 2          HPE 7
 Standards
 National                  N7                       N7                      N7                     N7                     N7                      N7                    N7
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                                   49
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                                       rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                             Risk Assessment and Reduction


 2. Injury Prevention and Safety
                                       Grade K                Grade 1             Grade 2          Grade 3         Grade 4          Grade 5        Grade 6                 Grade 7           Grade 8            Grade 9-12
        C.                        Recognize that
                                  safety equipment is
                                                         Match safety
                                                         equipment to the
                                                                             Explain the use and
                                                                             purpose of safety
                                                                                                              Predict the outcome
                                                                                                              when safety
                                                                                                                                              Apply concepts
                                                                                                                                              about weather safety    Make informed
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Recognize activity-related
                                                                                                                                                                                                       injuries, conditions, and weather-
                                  necessary to protect   activity or sport   equipment                        equipment is                    (recognize and          decisions to reduce              related emergencies (e.g.,
                                  the body during                                                             used/not used in                attend to changing      the risk of injuries             fractures, dislocations,
                                  participation in                                                            physical activity               conditions), exercise   during exercise,                 sprains/strains, burns, asthma,
                                  sports and                                                                                                  precautions during      sports and other                 diabetes, bee stings, dehydration,
                                  recreational                                                                                                activities, and         activities                       heat stroke, frostbite) and
                                  activities (e.g.,                                                                                           follow appropriate                                       perform appropriate first aid
  Activity Related Injuries and




                                  helmet, mouth                                                                                               safety rules and use                                     procedures and practices for each
   Environmental Conditions




                                  piece, shin guards,                                                                                         of equipment
                                  eye protection)                                                                                                                                                      Recognize activity-related
                                                                                                                                                                                                       conditions (e.g., bleeding, burns,
                                                                                                                                                                                                       shock, asthma, low blood sugar,
                                                                                                                                                                                                       diabetes, snake bites, bee stings,
                                                                                                                                                                                                       poisoning, inhalation) and
                                                                                                                                                                                                       perform appropriate first aid
                                                                                                                                                                                                       procedures

                                                                                                                                                                                                       Recognize weather-related
                                                                                                                                                                                                       emergencies (e.g., dehydration,
                                                                                                                                                                                                       heat exhaustion, heat stroke,
                                                                                                                                                                                                       hypothermia, frostbite) and
                                                                                                                                                                                                       perform appropriate firs aid
                                                                                                                                                                                                       procedures and practices




 State                            HPE4                   HPE4                HPE4                             HPE2, HPE 4                     HPE 5
 Standards
 National                         N7                     N7                  N7                               N7
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                   50
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                     rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                            Risk Assessment and Reduction


 2. Injury Prevention and Safety
                                     Grade K                  Grade 1              Grade 2        Grade 3                 Grade 4            Grade 5       Grade 6          Grade 7   Grade 8       Grade 9-12
    D.                          Recognize the
                                importance of safety
                                                         Demonstrate specific
                                                         safe practices and
                                                                                             Apply safe practices
                                                                                             and procedures in and
                                                                                                                     Explain the cause and
                                                                                                                     effect of following
                                                                                                                                                       Investigate the
                                                                                                                                                       community agencies
                                                                                                                                                                                                 List the common
                                                                                                                                                                                                 water-related
                                rules in and around      procedures in and                   around water            water safety rules                that provide water                        emergencies and
                                water                    around water (e.g.,                                                                           safety courses                            describe prevention
                                                         life jackets, buddy                                                                                                                     and treatment
                                Identify specific safe   system, inclement                                                                                                                       techniques
                                practices in and         weather)
                                around water (e.g.,
    Water-Related Emergencies




                                life jackets, buddy
                                system, inclement
                                weather)




 State                          HPE4                     HPE4                   HPE4         HPE 4                   HPE 4                             HPE 5
 Standards
 National                       N7                       N7                                  N7
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                              51
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                     rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                Risk Assessment and Reduction


 3. Substance Education
                                      Grade K                  Grade 1                 Grade 2            Grade 3         Grade 4             Grade 5        Grade 6                 Grade 7             Grade 8       Grade 9-12
    A.                           Recognize that there
                                 are safe and unsafe
                                                          Identify alcohol,
                                                          tobacco, and
                                                                                  Identify various
                                                                                  types of drugs (e.g.,
                                                                                                                     Classify substances in
                                                                                                                     the home according                 Define steroids
                                                                                                                                                                                Assess home and
                                                                                                                                                                                school environments
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Assess the short and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    long-term effects that
                                 substances that can be   medicines as drugs      nicotine, alcohol and              to proper and                                              for potential unsafe                performance
                                 taken into the body                              street drugs                       improper usage (e.g.,              Describe the short      situations and                      enhancing aids have
                                                          Determine what is                                          bleach is for cleaning             and long-term effects   recommend                           on the body processes
                                 Identify ways to stay    and what is not                                            and not for ingesting;             of performance          corrective action                   (e.g., liver damage,
                                 sway from dangerous      medicine                                                   vitamins are one a                 enhancing drugs                                             heart failure, brain
                                 substances                                       Explain what                       day and not several a                                      Recognize problems                  aneurysm, anger,
                                                          Differentiate between   constitutes a drug                 day)                                                       in daily living that                “road rage,” acne,
    Safe and Unsafe Substances




                                 Understand that          proper and improper     free and safe                                                                                 may contribute to self              violence, memory
                                 medicine should only     use of medicines        community                                                                                     destructive behaviors               loss, hepatitis, HIV)
                                 handled by adults        (e.g., vitamins)                                                                                                      and apply strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                to reduce the risks of              Predict the effects
                                                                                                                                                                                harm to self and                    that performance
                                                                                                                                                                                others                              enhancing aids have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    on individuals and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    society (e.g., body
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    image, obsession with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    winning, violent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    behavior, black
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    market/illegal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    purchases, etc.)




 State                           HPE5                     HPE5                    HPE5                               HPE 5
 Standards
 National                        N 1, 3                   N 1, 3                  N 1, 3                             N 1, 3
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                    52
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                        rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                                 Risk Assessment and Reduction


 3. Substance Education
                                                  Grade K               Grade 1               Grade 2                 Grade 3                  Grade 4                 Grade 5                 Grade 6            Grade 7   Grade 8       Grade 9-12
           B.                                Recognize that
                                             medicine is used to
                                                                   Distinguish between
                                                                   over-the-counter and
                                                                                          Recognize
                                                                                          importance of safely
                                                                                                                 Recognize the role of
                                                                                                                 medication in treating
                                                                                                                                          Identify the purposes
                                                                                                                                          of prescriptions, OTC
                                                                                                                                                                  Explain the
                                                                                                                                                                  guidelines and
                                                                                                                                                                                          Differentiate between
                                                                                                                                                                                          over the counter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Explain why a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       classification
                                             prevent or treat      prescription drugs     storing medicine in    an illness               drugs, and other        precautions needed      (OTC) and                                    schedule of drugs is
                                             certain health                               its proper place                                natural substances      when using OTC and      prescription drugs,                          used in our society
  Purpose and Guidelines for Prescription,



                                             problems, taken                                                                              (herbs) and how they    prescription drugs      their purpose,
                                             under adult                                                                                  can be used safely      (e.g., take with        precautions and                              Discuss the
    OTC Drugs and Natural Substances



                                             supervision                                                                                  (e.g., treat illness,   trusted adult, follow   guidelines for use                           importance of the
                                                                                                                                          prevent health          the label directions,                                                proper use of
                                                                                                                                          problems)               only take your own,                                                  prescription drugs
                                                                                                                                                                  check safety seal)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Explain why
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       individuals need to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       follow label
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       guidelines for all
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       substances




 State                                       HPE5                  HPE5                   HPE5                   HPE5                     HPE 5                   HPE 5                   3.C.5a
 Standards
 National                                    N 1.3                 N 1.3                  N 1.3                  N 1.3                    N 1.3                   N 1.3
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                     53
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                           rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                              Risk Assessment and Reduction


 3. Substance Education
                               Grade K              Grade 1                 Grade 2                Grade 3                  Grade 4                   Grade 5                   Grade 6                  Grade 7                Grade 8                 Grade 9-12
       C.                    Recognize that
                             TAOD
                                               Determine the
                                               specific areas of the
                                                                       Describe the effects
                                                                       of TAOD on the
                                                                                              Describe how TAOD
                                                                                              affects the way a
                                                                                                                       Describe how
                                                                                                                       (TAOD) can affect
                                                                                                                                                Compile a list of
                                                                                                                                                drugs and categorize
                                                                                                                                                                           Classify drugs based
                                                                                                                                                                           on their effect on the
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Compare peer
                                                                                                                                                                                                    pressure to peer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Determine a cause
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           and effect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Explain why a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     classification
                             (tobacco,         body affected by        body (e.g., lungs,     person thinks, feels,    the body systems         as legal and illegal       body (e.g., stimulant,   support and evaluate   relationship regarding    schedule of drugs is
                             alcohol, and      TAOD                    brain, liver)          and acts                                                                     depressant,              how each influences    body system               used in our society
                             other drugs)can                                                                           Recognize that all       Discuss the issues         hallucinogen,            the making of          functions (i.e.,
                             have dangerous                                                   Recognize the factors    forms of tobacco are     relative to a smoke-       narcotic)                informed and           muscular, excretory,      Discuss the
                             effects on the                                                   (e.g., media, peers,     harmful (e.g., cigars,   free environment                                    reasoned decisions     nervous, digestive,       importance of the
                             body                                                             self-concept) that       chew, snuff, second      (e.g., financial, health   Differentiate among      regarding TAOD use     circulatory,              proper use of
                                                                                              influence decisions to   hand smoke)              risks, emotional)          various types of drugs                          respiratory) and the      prescription drugs
                                                                                              use or abuse                                                                 and their effect upon                           use of TAOD (e.g.,
                                                                                              substances                                                                   the body including                              alcohol and impaired      Explain why
                                                                                                                                                                           the following: how                              judgment, marijuana       individuals need to
       Effects on the Body




                                                                                                                                                                           the drug enters the                             and short term            follow label
                                                                                                                                                                           body; how the drug                              memory loss,              guidelines for all
                                                                                                                                                                           interacts with body                             smoking and low           substances
                                                                                                                                                                           chemistry                                       birth weight babies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Review the short and
                                                                                                                                                                           Present different                               Develop an informed       long term effects of
                                                                                                                                                                           opinions and                                    decision regarding        alcohol, tobacco, and
                                                                                                                                                                           arguments about the                             the use of smoked         other substances on
                                                                                                                                                                           effects of TAOD on                              and smokeless             the body (e.g.,
                                                                                                                                                                           individuals, family,                            tobacco based on          changes in mood,
                                                                                                                                                                           and society                                     knowledge of short        thought processes,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           and long-term effects     mental ability,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           on the body,              coordination, reaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           individual, and           time) and draw
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           society                   conclusions on the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     impact of these
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     substances on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     personal, social, and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     economic threats to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     society
 State Standards             HPE5              HPE5                    HPE5                   HPE 5                    HPE 5                    HPE 5

 National                    N1                N3                      N3                     N3                       N3                       N3
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                                                     54
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                                         rev: 02/05/07
                                                                             Risk Assessment and Reduction



 3. Substance Education
                            Grade K   Grade 1   Grade 2          Grade 3                   Grade 4                  Grade 5              Grade 6        Grade 7            Grade 8       Grade 9-12
     E.                                                     List healthy
                                                            alternatives instead of
                                                                                      Analyze the effects of
                                                                                      choosing healthy
                                                                                                               Investigate various
                                                                                                               healthy alternatives
                                                                                                                                                   Plan strategies to
                                                                                                                                                   resist both pressures
                                                                                                                                                                                      Review healthy
                                                                                                                                                                                      alternatives to
                                                            using or abusing          alternatives rather      available in the                    both from self and                 substance use and
                                                            substances (e.g.,         than using or abusing    community (YMCA,                    others to use TAOD                 develop new
                                                            clubs, physical           substances               library, churches)                                                     strategies to promote
                                                            activity, sports)                                                                                                         individual, family,
                                                                                                               Demonstrate                                                            and community
                                                                                                               strategies for refusing                                                health
                                                                                                               TAOD
     Healthy Alternatives




 State                                                      HPE 2, HPE 5              HPE 2, HPE 5             HPE2, HPE5,
 Standards
 National                                                   N3                        N5                       N5
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                     55
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                          rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                      Risk Assessment and Reduction



 4. Environmental Health
                                            Grade K               Grade 1                   Grade 2         Grade 3                Grade 4                Grade 5             Grade 6   Grade 7        Grade 8                Grade 9-12
    A.                               Recognize how the
                                     environment affects a
                                                             Identify substances
                                                             that pollute the air
                                                                                                      Recognize different
                                                                                                      types of pollution and
                                                                                                                               Compare the air
                                                                                                                               quality between the
                                                                                                                                                     List several ways to
                                                                                                                                                     prevent pollution that
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Describe ways in
                                                                                                                                                                                                  which the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Define global
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           warming and its
                                     person’s health         and harm your lungs                      how they affect one’s    smoking and non-      damages                                      environment and          effects on the health
                                                                                                      health (noise, water,    smoking area of a     environment, disrupt                         ecosystems can be        of individuals
                                                             Recognize the effects                    air, land)               restaurant and        ecosystems, and                              damaged and              worldwide
                                                             of noise pollution on                                             identify harmful      affects one’s personal                       disrupted such as
                                                             the body (e.g., loud                                              effects of second     health                                       overpopulation,          Compare present
                                                             music, headsets)                                                  hand smoke                                                         overuse of resources,    environmental health
    Effects of Pollution on Health




                                                                                                                                                                                                  and pollution            problems to past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           environment health
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           problems and develop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           strategies to reduce or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           correct these
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           problems for the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           future (e.g.,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           destruction of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ozone layer, asbestos,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           second-hand smoke,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           nuclear disasters)




 State                               SC4                     SC4, HPE2               SC 8             SC4                                            SC4, HPE3
 Standards
 National                            N, 7                    N1, 7                   N1, 7            N1, 7                                          N1, 7
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                            56
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                               rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                              Risk Assessment and Reduction


 4. Environmental Health
                                Grade K   Grade 1         Grade 2                Grade 3                    Grade 4             Grade 5        Grade 6            Grade 7        Grade 8                Grade 9-12
     B.                                             Recognize that
                                                    littering is against
                                                                           List laws and
                                                                           regulations that are
                                                                                                       Examine a common
                                                                                                       environmental
                                                                                                                                          Examine existing and
                                                                                                                                          potential
                                                                                                                                                                            Recognize as a health
                                                                                                                                                                            advocate existing and
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Compare ways that
                                                                                                                                                                                                     individuals,
                                                    the law and promotes   designed to promote         problem, then discuss              environmental health              potential                communities, state
                                                    the spreading of       and protect                 the effort made by                 problems within their             environmental health     and federal
                                                    pathogens              community and               individual agencies or             community and                     problems within the      government can
                                                                           environmental health        government to reduce               discuss ways to                   community and            cooperate to promote
                                                                           (e.g., littering, illegal   or prevent the                     address them                      create solutions to      environmental health
                                                                           dumping, noise              problem                                                              address problems         (e.g., recycling,
                                                                           ordinances)                                                                                      (i.e., cancers of the    adopt-a-highway
     Promotion and Protection




                                                                                                                                                                            skin and lungs,          programs, car
                                                                                                                                                                            asthma, hearing loss)    pooling, river clean-
                                                                                                                                                                                                     up, land preservation,
                                                                                                                                                                                                     community
                                                                                                                                                                                                     beautification)




 State                                              SC8                    SC8                         SC8, 3.1, 3.7                      3.1, 3.2, 3.3                     3.D.1a
 Standards
 National                                           N1, 7                  N1, 7                       N1, 7                              3D1a                              3.1, 3.2, 3.3
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                     57
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                         rev: 02/05/07
                                                                                                                    Risk Assessment and Reduction


 4. Environmental Health
                                     Grade K               Grade 1               Grade 2                 Grade 3                    Grade 4                   Grade 5        Grade 6   Grade 7        Grade 8                  Grade 9-12
     C.                          Identify ways to
                                 protect the body
                                                      Describe how
                                                      sunburn can damage
                                                                             Recognize the
                                                                             harmful effects of
                                                                                                   Describe what an
                                                                                                   individual can do to
                                                                                                                             Identify actual or
                                                                                                                             potential risks factors
                                                                                                                                                       Develop ways to
                                                                                                                                                       promote recycling,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Evaluate potential
                                                                                                                                                                                                 results of an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Develop a logical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            argument why it is
                                 from the             the skin and review    poor air quality or   help preserve the         and reduction             reducing waste, and                       environmental              important to become
                                 environment (e.g.,   methods for            extreme temperature   environment and           methods within the        reusing items                             solution considering:      a health advocate for
                                 sunscreen, insect    protecting the body    to the body (e.g.,    promote                   home, school, and                                                   aesthetics, ethics,        the preservation of
                                 repellant,           from overexposure to   asthma, allergies,    environmental health      community                                                           societal responsibility    the environment
                                 sunglasses,          the sun                hypothermia)          (e.g., recycle, reduce,   environment that can
                                 goggles, hats)                                                    reuse)                    affect one’s health
                                                                                                                             (e.g., wearing
     Individual Responsibility




                                                                                                                             sunscreen, keeping
                                                                                                                             food refrigerated,
                                                                                                                             having parent change
                                                                                                                             furnace filter)




 State                           HPE 2                HPE2, SC 8             HPE2, SC8             SC4                       HPE 2, SC 4               SC 4
 Standards
 National                        N1, 7                N1, 7                  N1, 7                 N1, 7                     N1,7                      N1
 Standards




Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education                                                                                                                                                                                           58
Health Education Draft GLEs                                                                                                                                                                                                rev: 02/05/07

				
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