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Chapter 4_ section 5

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					Chapter 4, section 5
 Alexander and the Hellenistic
          Kingdoms
   Greeks thought Macedonians were
    barbaroi
   359 BC – Philip II became king; wanted to
    unite Greeks under him; Athenians fought
    & were crushed
        Insisted Greeks form a
        league and cooperate with
        him in a war against Persia;
        died before it could happen;
        son took over

                             Philip II →→→
   ALEXANDER THE GREAT
   wanted to fulfill father’s dream;
    groomed in military tactic
   Up-hill battle against Persia
       334 BC – entered Asia Minor & won
       332 BC – freed Syria, Palestine, and Egypt
       331 BC – freed areas around Babylon & rest
        of empire
       326 BC – entered India; soldiers refused to go
        any farther
       323 BC – while planning more campaigns in
        Babylon, died (32 years old)
   Why was he so successful?
   1) great military leader – knew strategy,
    tactics, terrain fighting, different
    opponents
   2) brave – even reckless; imitated Achilles
    & was not afraid to risk his own life

   Spread Greek culture to SW Asia & near
    east; Greeks also took on Eastern
    traditions
   Successors tried to imitate him, but had to
    use ideals of divine rule and monarchy
   Hellenistic Kingdoms
   Means “to imitate Greeks”
   Huge kingdom separated into four:
       Macedonia
       Syria
       Pergamum
       Egypt



   Alexander wanted to blend cultures, but
    new rulers favored Greeks & Macs
   Did continue his legacy of setting up new
    cities
   Hellenistic Culture
   Alexandria, Egypt was a cultural hub
   500,000 scrolls in the library
   Argonautica, story of Jason and his
    search for the Golden Fleece
   Aristarchus – theory that the sun is
    at the center of the universe (not
    widely accepted)
   Eratosthenes – Earth was round
   Euclid – textbook on geometry
   Archimedes – geometry, pi
       “Give me a lever and a place to
        stand on and I will move the world.”
   Philosophy remained a large part of Greek
    culture
       Epicureanism – founded by Epicurius
       Happiness is the goal of life; please was in
        reference to freedom from emotional turmoil
        and worry
       Must free oneself from public activity (must
        keep ideal friendship)
       Stoicism – founded by Zeno
       Happiness achieved when you live in harmony
        with the will of God; could bear anything
       Public service was noble
               Works Cited
   http://www.awesomestories.com/assets/al
    exanders-father---phillip-ii
   http://www.nndb.com/people/028/000091
    752/
   http://www.datehookup.com/Thread-
    222034.htm
   http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/h/hellenistic
    .html

				
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