Enterprise_Resource_Planning_And_Enterprise_Content_Management by georgetitan

VIEWS: 1 PAGES: 3

									Title:
Enterprise Resource Planning And Enterprise Content Management

Word Count:
565

Summary:
The word Enterprise Resource Planning or ERP conveys a sense of planning
the use of enterprise-wide resources to achieve enterprise objectives in
the best possible manner. However, ERP has come to mean something much
less ambitious. It simply means integrating two or more separate
applications.


Keywords:
Document Management,Document Management Software,Document Management
System,Paper Capture,Automated Workflow,Retention Policies,Document
Versioning,Content Central,Browser Based,Web Based


Article Body:
The word Enterprise Resource Planning or ERP conveys a sense of planning
the use of enterprise-wide resources to achieve enterprise objectives in
the best possible manner. However, ERP has come to mean something much
less ambitious. It simply means integrating two or more separate
applications.

The integration is done by the use of a common database and multiple
software and hardware components. Thus an ERP system can include
Manufacturing, Financials, Sales & Distribution, and HR functionalities
in separate modules.

Integration of a number of systems results in:
<ul>
<li>Creation of a unified database that results in greater reporting
capabilities,</li>
<li>Elimination of external interfaces between different applications
that were needed earlier to exchange information between them, and</li>
<li>Standardization and lower maintenance costs as a single system
replaces the earlier multiple systems.</li>
</ul>
<B>Typical modules in modern ERP systems</B>:

<B>ERP System Modules</B>

<B>Manufacturing:</B> This module facilitates manufacturing and related
operations such as plant engineering, production scheduling, materials
requirements lists, workflow and process management, quality control and
cost control.

<B>Supply Chain Management:</B> Inventory control and purchasing
functions, including supply chain planning, and supplier performance
monitoring, are the major functions facilitated by this module.
<B>Customer Relationship Management:</B> Sales and Distribution,
Commissions and Customer Support are covered by this module.

<B>Financials:</B> This module covers the traditional accounting and cash
flow management functions, including accounts receivable, accounts
payable, cash flow control, and general ledger.

Other typical modules include Human Resources (including payroll),
Project Management and Data Warehouse. ERP systems also provide direct
interfaces for external entities like customers and suppliers, and
internally for employees.

The separation of modules in this manner has resulted in some large
organizations selecting different modules from different ERP vendors.
Some functionality might be better with one vendor's module while other
vendors’ modules better manage other functionalities. This would,
however, involve building interfaces between modules from different
vendors, which might have to be done by in-house staff. It follows that
the staff should have the required skill level.

<B>Implementing ERP in Organizations</B>

Implementing ERP typically involves significant changes in working
practices. Necessary skills might also not be available in-house. Either
the ERP vendor or a third-party consultant usually helps implement ERP in
an organization.

The ERP implementation needs to be aligned with the organization's
business processes, which usually need to be re-engineered.

New user interfaces and even some processing might have to be coded where
the ERP system does not meet certain work practices in the organization.
The ERP system should ideally accommodate such customization.

Implementation will also involve training to the organization's personnel
to work with the ERP system, and continuing support to keep the system
running with minimal additional costs.

<B>Why ERP?</B>

In the absence of ERP, the different applications in use might not be
able to exchange information. Such information exchange can become very
critical for efficient operations and competitiveness. Organizations that
have implemented ERP properly will be able to operate in a lean manner,
leading to lower costs and customer prices, giving them an advantage in
the marketplace.

<B>ERP and Enterprise Content Management Systems</B>

Enterprise Content Management systems seek to create a knowledgebase
consisting of both structured and unstructured content generated all over
the enterprise. Enterprise Resource Planning systems facilitate this goal
by combining applications and using a common database.

								
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