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					Floral Design

AHS Agriculture
            SLM and KUD
• Warm up
          SLM and KUD

• Unit Essential Question: What are
  the basic principles to creating
  flower arrangements?
• Lesson Essential Question: What
  are the nine basic principles of
  floral design?
           Floral Design

• Art used through history
• Weddings, funerals, formal
  events
• Malls, airports, stores, etc
9 Principles of Design


• balance          • accent
• focal point      • repetition
• proportion       • rhythm
• scale            • harmony
                   • unity
             Balance

• When flower size & container
  flow together & complement
  each other
• Arrangement has visual weight
• Symmetrical
• Formal arrangement
Balance
unBalance
            Focal Point

• Creates accent & interest
• Created by use of unusual
  flowers, groups of flowers or a
  large flower
• Must complete arrangement
Focal Point
Focal Point
            Proportion
• To keep relative size, color &
  texture of the flowers to create a
  pleasing arrangement
• General rule: designs be at least 1
  ½ times the height or width of
  container to create proper
  proportion
            Proportion

• Points farthest from focal point
  should have buds.
• Flowers in full bloom used as
  focal point
Proportion
               Scale

• Size of flowers, where
  arrangement is to be used,
  placement of arrangement &
  overall size of completed design
             Accent

• To draw attention
• Focal point to emphasize
• Catches attention & enhances
  design
Accent
             Repitition

• To accentuate flowers & colors
  used in design
• Repeating use of material or color
  can be effective
Repitition
             Rythm

• Sense of continuity among
  shapes, colors & textures
• “everything flows”
Rythm
             Harmony

• When all parts flow together &
  give a total, completed look to
  arrangement
Harmony
              Unity

• When all of the arrangement
  flows together & is not
  segmented
• Color, size & shape must
  complement each other
              Activity

• Principles of Design Packet
Floral Design

AHS Agriculture
            Warm-up

• What are the 9 principles of
  design? Why are they important?
    Lesson essential question

• How do we properly design a
  flower arrangement?
         Design materials

• 4 types
  –Line
  –Mass
  –Form
  –Filler flowers
         Design materials

• Line flowers- snapdragons, liatris,
  delphinium, foxglove, ligularia,
  loosestrife, Bells of Ireland &
  gladiolus
Gladiolus               Delphinium




            ligularia
Liatris
                        Bells of Ireland
         Design materials

• Massing flowers- to create all
  design principles & to accent
  focal point.
• EX: roses, carnations,
  chrysanthemums, zinnias,
  coneflowers, tulip, shasta daisy &
  asters
          Design materials


Aster                  Coneflower




Zinnias             Shasta Daisy
         Design materials

• Form flowers- to create accent or
  focal point
• Bird of paradise, protea, lily &
  orchid
         Design materials


                   Orchid
Bird of paradise
protea             Lily
        Design materials

• Filler flowers- tie arrangement
  together, fill empty spaces &
  cover mechanics of arrangement
• EX: Bakers fern, baby’s breath,
  statice, heather, huckleberry,
  ornamental grasses, palm,
  lavender, etc
Baby’s Breath
         Design materials
                  Bakers fern




Garden huckleberry     Statice
      Floral Design Shapes

• Round
       Floral Design Shapes

• Triangle
       Floral Design Shapes

• horizontal
       Floral Design Shapes

• crescent
Floral Design - Crescent
       Floral Design Shapes

• Hogarth (S) curve
       Floral Design Shapes

• Right angle
Designing a Circular Arrangement

• 1. select round container, 18 inch
  wire, shears, floral foam & sharp
  knife
Designing a Circular Arrangement

• 2. half block of floral foam, use
  wire to cut in half
• 3. place foam in container, set in
  bucket of water for 20 minutes to
  soak completely
Designing a Circular Arrangement

• 4. select bakers fern. Arrange to
  cover container & block of foam
• 5. choose flowers to create
  outline of arrangement
Designing a Circular Arrangement

• 6. establish circular arrangement
  at base using flower
• 7. turn design to place third
  flower & continue pattern
Designing a Circular Arrangement

• 8. arrange next flower to
  continue design & continue
  outline
• 9. arrange 2 flowers in between
  top & base
Designing a Circular Arrangement

• 10. add remaining flowers until
  circular arrangement is filled.
  Keep space between flowers
• 11. filler flowers (babys breath)
  placed in between flowers.
Designing a Circular Arrangement

• Create a circle arrangement
Floral Design

AHS Agriculture
            Warm-up

• What are the steps to designing a
  circular arangement?
    Lesson Essential Question

• How do we create a corsage &
  boutonniere?
                Use
• Special occassions
  –Dances
  –Proms
  –Holiday parties
  –Weddings
              Corsages
• Should be created with individual
  in mind (size, colors, position, etc)
• Consultation with designer
  regarding flower type, color &
  ribbon to use
             How to tape
• Tape applied by holding wired
  flower between thumb & forefinger
  of one hand & apply tape to stem by
  twisting wired flower with other
  hand, pull tape tightly around stem
• Tape will become sticky as stretched
              Corsages
• Wire used to:
  –Hold the flowers in correct
   position in design
  –Make arranging easier
  –Prevent flower heads from
   breaking off
              Corsages
• Wire used to:
  –Reduce bulkiness
  –Make adding accessories easier
  –4 methods of wiring
             Hook Method
• Composite (daisylike) florets
• Asters, black-eyed susans, daisy
  chrysanthemums, etc
• 1. cut stem to ½ inch of calyx, strip
  any leaves
            Hook Method
• 2. insert end of 6 inch 22 gauge wire
  in stem & up flower
• 3. bend wire into a hood ¼ inch long
• 4. slowly & gently pull wire back
  through flower or until it catches in
  top of calyx & is not visible
             Hook Method
• 5. tape flower, starting high on calyx
  & continue down stem
           Piercing method
• 1. remove stem ½ inch below calyx
  & pierce calyx halfway down, pull
  wire through to ½ the length of wire
• 2. bend wire down on both sides, do
  not wrap
• 3. tape flower
• Used for: roses, carnations, etc
          Clutchwire method
• Used for: gladiolus, camellias,
  garden, football & spider mums
• 1. take 8 inches of wire & fold in
  half, place fold around calyx & stem
  of flower
          Clutchwire method
• 2. wrap one half around flowers
  stem or calyx & around other half til
  wire is used
• 3. tape flower
           Hairpin method
• Used: tubular flowers, stephanotis
• 1. take 8 inches of wire & bend in
  half, place small wad of cotton in
  bend to support flower
• 2. insert wire down through floret,
  keep cotton in place
           Hairpin method
• 3. gently pull wire down until cotton
  wad firmly fixed in the flower
  trumpet. Twist around calyx, tape
  floret.
               Activity
• Make single carnation corsage using
  procedure on pg 570 in book.
            Boutonnieres
• Single flower or small bouquet worn
  by men
• Selected based on preference
• Carnation, rose, chrysanthemum &
  stephanotis usually used
             Boutonnieres
• 1. select flower
• 2. use piercing method to wire
  flower
• 3. bend wire down next to stem
• 4. select greenery to use on back,
  use bakers fern
            Boutonnieres
• 5. tape bakers fern, rose stem &
  wire together in one step
• Mist the boutonniere & attach a pin
  parallel to stem, & place in small
  bag or box
               Activity
• Create a boutonniere
Floral Design

AHS Agriculture
              Warm- up
• What are the steps in the clutchwire
  method?
     Lesson Essential Question
• How are enhancements used in
  floral arrangements?
                   Bow
• Important accessory to many
  arrangements
• Color & texture will depend on
  arrangement
• Satin, velvet, plastic, cotton, flocked,
  & burlap ribbon
Bow
                Bow
• Come in a variety of sizes
• 2 types: decorators bow & pinch
  bow
Bow
                Bow
• Using procedures on page 554, and
  556, create bows
Floral Design

AHS Agriculture
              Warm-up
• What type of bow do you feel is
  easier to make?
    Lesson essential question
• How do we create holiday
  centerpieces?
             Centerpieces
• Used to decorate & create interest
  in home
• Found on dining room tables, dry
  sinks, & hutches
• Candles usually part
• Evergreens suitable (douglas fir,
  noble fir, white pine, yew, holly,
  etc)
            Centerpieces
• To keep fresh, dip it in water until
  no air bubbles come out
Centerpieces
Centerpieces
            Centerpieces
• Page 549, create a centerpiece
  using the procedure or create one
  that you have found
• You may add any enhancements or
  flowers that you like as long as
  they are available
              Review
• Review for test
• Before you leave, answer this:

• The important thing about floral
  design is ____________________.

• On your own sheet of paper

				
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