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Adulthood

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					              Adulthood




Early Adulthood


Middle Adulthood     Late Adulthood
     Physical Changes –
    Early Adulthood (20-40)
• All physical abilities
  essentially peak by our mid -
  twenties
• External signs of aging being
  to show in the 30’s
• Metabolism slows
     Physical Changes –
   Middle Adulthood (40-65)
• Changes in vision – slower
  dark adaptation,
  farsightedness
• Brain tissue declines
       Physical Milestones –
        Middle Adulthood
• Menopause: the natural ending of a
  woman’s ability to reproduce.
• There are physical symptoms led by a lack
  of estrogen.
 •Andropause – decline in several
 hormones (primarily testosterone). More
 gradual than females.
 •Psychological effects of these stages?
Sensory Abilities
         Age and Driving
• The brain processes information at
  slower speeds.
         Physical Changes –
    Late Adulthood (65 and older)
•   Height decreases
•   Decline in weight
•   Chronic diseases increase
•   Sensitivity of vision, hearing
    and taste noticeably decrease.
                 Health
• Bad news: is as we get older our immune
  system weakens, thus we become more
  susceptible to life threatening ailments
  (cancer).
• Good News: because older build up a
  collection of antibodies throughout the
  years, they get minor colds less often.
         Neural Processing
• Exercise stimulates brain cell
  development
• “We are more likely to rust from disuse
  than to wear out from overuse.
           Life Expectancy
  • Life Expectancy keeps increasing-
    now about 75.

•Women outlive men by about 4 years.
         Alzheimer’s Disease
 • A progressive and irreversible brain
   disorder characterized by gradual
   deterioration of memory, language and
   physical functioning.
 • Runs its course in 5 to 20 years.
 • Deterioration of neurons that produce the
   neurotransmitter…. Acetylcholine

Estrogen supplements may stop the onset of
Alzheimer’s Disease.
         Cognitive Changes
• We tend to remember events from our
  teens and twenties.
• Difference between recognition and recall.
  Recognition remains stable. Recall
  declines with old age.
      Do old people get stupid?
 • Cross-sectional studies show decline.
 • Longitudinal Studies show consistency.

  What is the difference?

 Cross-sectional studies: study with people of
 different ages studied at the same time.
Longitudinal Studies: same people studied and
retested over a period of time.
   But there are different types of
            intelligence.
• Crystallized intelligence: one’s
  accumulated knowledge and verbal skills;
  tends to increase with age.

Fluid Intelligence: one’s ability to reason
speedily and abstractly; tends to decrease
during late adulthood.
  It’s not too late…
Age     Accomplishment
• 70   • John Roch develops birth control


• 78   • Grandma Moses begins painting
         (continues to 100 +)
• 81   • Amos Alonzo Stagg is named
         coach of the year
       • Frank Lloyd Wright designs
• 89     NYC’s Guggenheim Museum
 Work on your Chart…putting it
          all together
• You can now complete the PHYSICAL
  development through the ages
Social Development of Adults




         Social Clock
       Culturally preferred
    timing of certain events.
                    Erickson’s
• Intimacy vs. Isolation
Empathy and openness vs. shrewdness and
  manipulativeness
• Generativity vs. self-absorption
Genuine concern for the welfare of future generations vs.
  self-indulgent concerns
- Integrity vs. Despair
Finding meaning and satisfaction with life vs. wallowing in
   bitterness and resentment
        Love and Marriage




• What kind of marriages work?
             Parenthood
• Major Transition
• Highly committed and affectionate couples
  BEFORE children are MORE likely to be
  the same AFTER children
• Parent –adolescent relationships more
  stress for Parents than Adolescents!
 Work on your Chart…putting it
          all together
• You can now complete the SOCIAL AND
  COGNITIVE development through the
  ages

				
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posted:3/24/2012
language:English
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