Rehabilitacja zawodowa

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					Promotion and prevention related to
mental health in student groups

Hubert Kaszyński
Jagiellonian University Sociology Institute, Adult Psychiatry Clinic University Hospital

Anna Liberadzka
Otwórzcie Drzwi [Open the Door] Association
The fundamentals of prophylaxis in other medical
fields are simple but with regard to mental health
and mental health problems they are much more
complicated.
In most cases we do not know everything about the
causes of illness but we can be sure they are of
complex nature.
Hence, all prevention programmes are very
difficult.


(Wciórka, 1999)
Difficulties in the recovery process:

When the society in an open or concealed way
deprives persons with mental health conditions of
their right to live with dignity in a local community



According to the 2008 survey conducted among Poles
persons with mental illnesses are treated worse than
others as regards their right to:
• find employment (80%)
• have their personal dignity respected (68%)
• receive education(65%)
In prophylactic activities we assume
that direct contact with persons
suffering from mental health illnesses
is effective




Educational meetings
How can we try to
understand a person with a
mental health condition?
Educational meetings as a method of
prevention in providing mental health
care :

 ‘first-hand knowledge’ as a paradigm of the
modern social and health care policy;
 ‘patient as teacher’ – clinical experiences of
teachers;
 ‘structured dialogue’ as a direction of
contemporary studies on reducing the stigma.
Act on Providing Equal
Opportunities for Persons with
Disabilities       (draft)



Including disability in education on
university level;
Persons with different disabilities as
consultants participating in classes
Attitude to persons        1996   2008
with mental
illnesses:

Friendly                   73%    65%
Indifferent                18%    26%
Reluctant                  5%     5%
Hard to say                4%     4%

(Wciórka, Wciórka, 2008)
                                          2008



Attitude to persons                        No
                           1996   2008   contact
with mental
illnesses:

Friendly                   73%    65%    54%
Indiffrent                 18%    26%    33%
Reluctant                  5%     5%     6%
Hard to say                4%     4%     7%

(Wciórka, Wciórka, 2008)
                                          2008      2008



Attitude to persons                        No      Indirect
                           1996   2008   contact   contact
with mental
illnesses:

Friendly                   73%    65%    54% 56%
Indiffrent                 18%    26%    33% 37%
Reluctant                  5%     5%     6%        4%
Hard to say                4%     4%     7%        3%

(Wciórka, Wciórka, 2008)
                                          2008      2008       2008



Attitude to persons                        No      Indirect   Personal
                           1996   2008   contact   contact     contact
with mental
illnesses:

Friendly                   73%    65%    54% 56% 72%
Indifferent                18%    26%    33% 37% 21%
Reluctant                  5%     5%     6%        4%         5%
Hard to say                4%     4%     7%        3%         2%

(Wciórka, Wciórka, 2008)
Educational meetings respond to the
need of establishing a meeting in which
beneficiaries and students have the
same rights, which helps emphasize
the subjectivity of persons with mental
health conditions and, in consequence,
mitigate stereotypes and prejudices
against them.
Otwórzcie Drzwi
[Open the Door]
  Association


   ul. Czarnowiejska 13/8
        30-054 Kraków
       tel. (12) 6330329
213 first year students of medicine at the
Jagiellonian University Medical College took part
in educational meetings organized in 2008/2009
academic year
                   1.Mental illness is an embarrassment

     1.40




     1.30
                      51,1%
1.




     1.20
                                1.34,7%


                                                             1.21,5%            1.22,8%
     1.10
                1.16,4%

                                               1.4,6%
      1.0
            1.Definitely yes   1.Rather yes   1.I have no   1.Rather not   1.Definitely not
                                              opinion
After educational meetings
 79% respondents experienced a
positive change in their perception of
persons with mental health
conditions.
• The most common responses concerned ‘normal’
  functioning of ill persons, their self-reliance in
  performing every day activities (22.6%).

• It was also emphasised that ill persons may share
  their experiences with students and that students
  were surprised that the persons are aware of
  their illnesses (16.7%).
  Through education to
      acceptance


                  ***
Promotion of social economy in Poland
on the basis of PIW EQUAL experiences
148 students of the Jagiellonian University
Sociology Institute (specializing in social work) and
of the Pedagogical Institute (specializing in
resocialization) took part in educational meetings.

The most valuable response concerned
the students’ own life experiences and
problems.
Do you think that the training you have received
enabled you to understand better a person
suffering from a mental health condition?
Change of perception:


My perception of a person with a metal health
condition has changed. I understood that the
popular stereotype is misleading.

We should not generalize about these people
but treat them as normal persons, have
compassion for them, we should not turn our
backs on them or avoid them but try to
understand and help them.
 Through education to
     acceptance


             ***
         Let’s talk
about mental health conditions

				
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