SECTION 1 LISTENING TEST
Part A Spot Dictation
Direction: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and
read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks
with the words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear
the passage ONLY ONCE.
We have all experienced days when everything (1) . A day may
begin well enough, but suddenly everything seems to (2) . What
invariably happens is that a great number of things choose to go
wrong (3) . It is as if a single unimportant event set up (4) . Let
us suppose that you are preparing a meal and (5) the baby at the same
time. The telephone rings and this (6) to an unforeseen series of
catastrophes. While you are on the phone, the baby pulls the
tablecloth off the table, smashing half your best crockery and
cutting himself (7) . You hang up hurriedly and (8) baby, crockery,
etc. Meanwhile, the meal (9) . As if this were not enough to reduce
you to tears, your husband arrives, (10) bringing three guests to
Things can go wrong (11) , as a number of people recently
discovered in Parramatta, a suburb of Sydney. During the (12) one
evening two cars collided and both drivers began to argue. The woman
immediately behind the two ears happened to be a learner. She
suddenly (13) and stopped her ear. This made the driver following her
brake hard. His wife was sitting beside him holding a large cake. As
she was (14) , the cake went right through the windscreen and landed
on the road. Seeing a cake flying through the air, a lorry driver who
was (15) alongside the car, pulled up all of a sudden. The lorry was
loaded with empty beer bottles and hundreds of them (16) the back of
the vehicle and on to the road. This led to yet another angry
argument. Meanwhile, the traffic (17) . It took the police nearly an
hour to get the traffic (18) again. In the meantime, the lorry driver
had to sweep up hundreds of broken bottles. Only two stray dogs
benefited from (19) , for they (20) what was left of the cake. It was
just one of those days!
Part B Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short
statements. These statements will be spoken ONLY ONCE, and you will
not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully.
When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which
one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write
the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space
in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
1. (A) Proper shops, even foreign, should be allowed in the
(B) The coffee shops do harm to the Forbidden City, so we should
get rid of them.
(C) Whether the shops are harmful depends on their country they
(D) The coffee shops in the Forbidden City used to be harmless,
but not now.
2. (A) Since there are more jobs available, more students choose
computer science as their major.
(B) There are not enough grads qualified for computer science
(C) More students graduating with computer science degrees can
meet the qualification.
(D) There are more than enough grads qualified for computer
3. (A) Florence made possible this reception.
(B) I don't mind if Florence comes to the reception.
(C) Florence did not get enough notice to come to the reception.
(D) Florence was able to come to the reception.
4. (A) Jack could not repair the lamp and it was repaired by an
(B) The lamp was so badly damaged that Jack had to buy a new one.
(C) Jack didn't ask an electrician to repair the lamp, although
it was badly damaged.
(D) Jack could repair the lamp himself, but he didn't bother and
called in an electrician.
5. (A) Since I've bought a PSP, I can't afford to go to the
(B) My PSP is worth more than a ticket for the concert.
(C) I don't have enough money, so it's impossible for me to go to
(D) No matter how much the ticket costs, I will buy it.
6. (A) Tony is the last person to finish the task.
(B) Everyone can finish the task, including Tony.
(C) Tony can't finish the task.
(D) Tony is the best person to finish the task.
7. (A) A minor mistake can have a huge influence.
(B) A slip of one's pen can make important project.
(C) A minor mistake won't cause a huge influence.
(D) One can neglect minor mistakes.
8. (A) Iris felt Beatle's tunes were not out of date.
(B) Iris preferred her brother's hip-hops song to Beatle's tunes.
(C) Iris enjoyed Beatle's tunes more than hip-hops songs.
(D) Iris liked to play hip-hop songs with her brother.
9. (A) We can climb a high mountain very quickly.
(B) It's possible to climb this mountain in no time.
(C) It's impossible to climb a high mountain.
(D) Climbing a high mountain takes time.
10. (A) We have to use strong drugs because this pill doesn't
(B) This pill alleviates the pain, so we don't need to use
(C) We prefer this pill to stronger drugs to alleviate the pain.
(D) This pill is better than any other stronger drugs to
alleviate the pain.
Ⅱ. Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short
talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few
questions. Listen carefully because you will hear the talk or
conversation and questions ONLY ONCE. When you hear a question read
the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question.
Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
11. (A) At a fair. (B) At a cafeteria.
(C) In a computer lab. (D) In a shopping mall.
12. (A) The latest computer technology. (B) The organizing of an
(C) The purchasing of some equipment. (D) The dramatic changes in
the job market.
13. (A) Data collection. (B) Training consultancy.
(C) Corporate management. (D) Information processing.
14. (A) 1,050 pounds. (B) 1,500 pounds.
(C) 5,000 pounds. (D) 500 pounds.
15. (A) Because people might have to migrate there someday.
(B) Because it is very much like the earth.
(C) Because it is easier to explore than other planets.
(D) Because its atmosphere is different from that of the earth.
16. (A) Its chemical elements must be studied. (B) Its
temperature must be lowered.
(C) Big spaceships must be built. (D) Its atmosphere must be
17. (A) It influences the surface temperature of Mars.
(B) It protects living beings from harmful rays.
(C) It keeps a planet from overheating.
(D) It is the main component of the air people breathe.
18. (A) Man will probably be able to live there in 200 years.
(B) Scientists are rather pessimistic about it.
(C) Man will probably be able to live there in 100,000 years'
(D) Scientists are optimistic about overcoming the difficulties
19. (A) 2,000. (B) 4,000.
(C) 6,000. (D) 7,000.
20. (A) Clothing. (B) Electrical appliance.
(C) Travel agencies. (D) Photographic equipment.
21. (A) 10%. (B) 20%.
(C) 25%. (D) 30%.
22. (A) Two weeks. (B) Less than two weeks.
(C) Two or three weeks. (D) More than three weeks.
23. (A) Because she was bored with her idle life at home.
(B) Because she was offered a good job by her neighbour.
(C) Because she wanted to help with the family's finances.
(D) Because her family would like to see her more involved in
24. (A) Doing housework. (B) Looking after her neighbour's
(C) Reading papers and watching TV. (D) Taking good care of her
25. (A) Jane got angry at Bill's idle life. (B) Bill failed to
adapt to the new situation.
(C) Bill blamed Jane for neglecting the family. (D) The children
were not taken good care of.
26. (A) Neighbours should help each other.
(B) Women should have their own careers.
(C) Man and wife should share household duties.
(D) Parents should take good care of their children.
27. (A) To buy a plane ticket. (B) To talk to a friend.
(C) To ask for some information. (D) To arrange for her
28. (A) An excursion. (B) A full return ticket.
(C) A single ticket. (D) Three single tickets.
29. (A) 2104 pounds. (B) 1402 pounds.
(C) 2401 pounds. (D) 1204 pounds.
30. (A) London--Cairo--Melbourne. (B) London--Melbourne--Cairo.
(C) London--Singapore--Melbourne. (D) London--Singapore--Cairo.
Part C Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 sentences
in English. You will hear the sentences ONLY ONCE. After you have
heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version
in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in
English. You will hear the passages ONLY ONCE. After you have heard
each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while
you are listening.
SECTION 2 STUDY SKILLS
Directions: In this section, you will read several passages. Each
passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You
are to choose ANSWER BOOKLET best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to
each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the
basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the
letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in
your ANSWER BOOKLET.
It is hardly necessary for me to cite all the evidence of the
depressing state of literacy. These figures from the Department of
Education are sufficient- 27 million Americans cannot read at all,
and a further 35 million read at a level that is less than sufficient
to survive in our society.
But my own worry today is less that of the overwhelming problem
of elemental literacy than it is of the slightly more luxurious
problem of the decline in the skill even of the middle-class reader,
of his unwillingness to afford those spaces of silence, those
luxuries of domesticity and time and concentration, that surround the
image of the classic act of reading, it has been suggested that
almost 80 percent of America's literate, educated teenagers can no
longer read without an accompanying noise (music) in the background
or a television screen flickering at the corner of their field of
perception. We know very little about the brain and how it deals with
simultaneous conflicting input, but every common-sense intuition
suggests we should be profoundly alarmed. This violation of
concentration, silence, solitude goes to the very heart of our notion
of literacy; this new form of part-reading, of part-perception
against background distraction, renders impossible certain essential
acts of apprehension and concentration, let alone that most important
tribute any human being can pay to a poem or a piece of prose he or
she really loves, which is to learn it by heart. Not by brain, by
heart; the expression is vital.
Under these circumstances, the question of what future there is
for the arts of reading is a real one. Ahead of us lie technical,
psychic, and social transformations probably much more dramatic than
those brought about by Gutenberg, the German inventor in printing.
The Gutenberg revolution, as we now know it, took a long time; its
effects are still being debated. The information revolution will
touch every fact of composition, publication, distribution, and
reading. No one in the book industry can say with any confidence what
will happen to the book as we've known it.
1. The picture of the reading ability of the American people,
drawn by the author, is ______.
A. rather bleak B. fairly bright
C. very impressive D. quite encouraging
2. The author's biggest concern is ______.
A. elementary school children's disinterest in reading classics
B. the surprisingly low rate of literacy in the U. S.
C. the musical setting American readers require for reading
D. the reading ability and reading behavior of the middle class
3. A major problem with most adolescents who can read is ______.
A. their fondness of music and TV programs
B. their ignorance of various forms of art and literature
C. their lack of attentiveness and basic understanding
D. their inability to focus on conflicting input
4. The author claims that the best way a reader can show
admiration for a piece of poetry or prose is ______.
A. to be able to appreciate it and memorize it B. to analyze its
C. to think it over conscientiously D. to make a fair appraisal
of its artistic value
5. About the future of the arts of reading the author feels
A. upset B. uncertain
C. alarmed D. pessimistic
In the 1950s, the pioneers of artificial intelligence (AI)
predicted that, by the end of this century, computers would be
conversing with us at work and robots would be performing our
housework. But as useful as computers are, they're nowhere close to
achieving anything remotely resembling these early aspirations for
humanlike behavior. Never mind something as complex as conversation:
the most powerful computers struggle to reliably recognize the shape
of an object, the most elementary of tasks for a ten-month-old kid.
A growing group of AI researchers think they know where the field
went wrong. The problem, the scientists say, is that AI has been
trying to separate the highest, most abstract levels of thought, like
language and mathematics, and to duplicate them with logical, step-
by-step programs. A new movement in AI, on the other hand, takes a
closer look at the more roundabout way in which nature came up with
intelligence. Many of these researchers study evolution and natural
adaptation instead of formal logic and conventional computer programs.
Rather than digital computers and transistors, some want to work with
brain cells and proteins. The results of these early efforts are as
promising as they are peculiar, and the new nature-based AI movement
is slowly but surely moving to the forefront of the field.
Imitating the brain's neural network is a huge step in the right
direction, says computer scientist and biophysicist Michael Conrad,
but it still misses an important aspect of natural intelligence.
"People tend to treat the brain as if it were made up of color-coded
transistors", he explains, "but it's not simply a clever network of
switches. There are lots of important things going on inside the
brain cells themselves. " Specifically, Conrad believes that many of
the brain's capabilities stem from the pattern recognition
proficiency of the individual molecules that make up each brain cell.
The best way to build an artificially intelligent device, he claims,
would be to build it around the same sort of molecular skills.
Right now, the option that conventional computers and software
are fundamentally incapable of matching the processes that take place
in the brain remains controversial. But if it proves true, then the
efforts of Conrad and his fellow AI rebels could turn out to be the
only game in town.
6. The author says that the powerful computers of today ______.
A. are capable of reliably recognizing the shape of an object
B. are close to exhibiting humanlike behavior
C. are not very different in their performance from those of the
D. still cannot communicate with people in a human language
7. The new trend in artificial intelligence research stems from
A. the shift of the focus of study on to the recognition of the
shapes of objects
B. the belief that human intelligence cannot be duplicated with
logical, step-by-step programs
C. the aspirations of scientists to duplicate the intelligence of
a ten-month-old child
D. the efforts made by scientists in the study of the
similarities between transistors and brain cells
8. Conrad and his group of AI researchers have been making
enormous efforts to ______.
A. find a roundabout way to design powerful computers
B. build a computer using a clever network of switches
C. find out how intelligence developed in nature
D. separate the highest and most abstract levels of thought
9. What's the author's opinion about the new AI movement? ______
A. It has created a sensation among artificial intelligence
researchers but will soon die out.
B. It's a breakthrough in duplicating human thought processes.
C. It's more like a peculiar game rather than a real scientific
D. It may prove to be in the right direction though nobody is
sure of its future prospects.
10. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the phrase
"the only game in town" (Line 3, Para. 4) ? ______
A. The only approach to building an artificially intelligent
B. The only way for them to win a prize in artificial
C. The only area worth studying in computer science.
D. The only game they would like to play in town.
As regards social conventions, we must say a word about the well-
known English class system. This is an embarrassing subject for
English people, and one they tend to be ashamed of, though during the
present century class-consciousness has grown less and less, and the
class system less rigid. But it still exists below the surface.
Broadly speaking, it means there are two classes, the "middle class"
and the "working class". (We shall ignore for a moment the old "upper
class", including the hereditary aristocracy, since it is extremely
small in numbers; but some of its members have the right to sit in
the House of Lords, and some newspapers take surprising interest in
their private life. The middle class consists chiefly of well-to-do
businessmen and professional people of all kinds. The working class
consists chiefly of manual and unskilled workers. )
The most obvious difference between them is in their accent.
Middle-class people use slightly varying kinds of "received
pronunciation" which is the kind of English spoken by BBC announcers
and taught to overseas pupils. Typical working-class people speak in
many different local accent which are generally felt to be rather
ugly and uneducated. One of the biggest barriers of social equality
in England is the two-class education system. To have been to a so-
called "public school" immediately marks you out as one of the middle
class. The middle classes tend to live a more formal life than
working-class people, and are usually more cultured. Their midday
meal is "lunch" and they have a rather formal evening meal called
"dinner", whereas the working man's dinner, if his working hours
permit, is at midday, and his smaller, late-evening meal is called
As we have said, however, the class system is much less rigid
than it was, and for a long time it has been government policy to
reduce class distinctions. Working-class students very commonly
receive a university education and enter the professions, and
working-class incomes have grown so much recently that the
distinctions between the two classes are becoming less and less clear.
However, regardless of one's social status, certain standards of
politeness are expected of everybody, and a well-bred person is
polite to everyone he meets, and treats a laborer with the same
respect he gives an important businessman. Servility inspires both
embarrassment and dislike. Even the word "sir", except in school and
in certain occupations (e. g. commerce, the army, etc. ) sounds too
servile to be commonly used.
11. The middle class mainly refers to people ______.
A. who were born as aristocrat
B. who have the right to sit in the House of Lords
C. who speak in many different local accents
D. who are prosperous businessmen or who work in some professions
12. The most obvious difference between the working class and the
middle class in English is their ______.
A. dress B. work
C. accent D. meal
13. Why isn't the word "sir" commonly used in Britain?
A. Because it sounds too servile and is likely to cause
B. Because it can only be used in some certain occupations.
C. Because it is can impolite word.
D. Because it shows that the speaker is not a well-bred person.
14. The "upper class" in England today ______.
A. are extremely small in number so that media pays no attention
B. still uses old words like "Sir" in their everyday life
C. includes the hereditary aristocracy
D. refers only to the royal family
15. Which of the following is NOT true about the English class
A. It is an embarrassing subject for English people.
B. Working-class students cannot receive a university education.
C. The class system is much less rigid than it was.
D. The class system still exists below the surface.
Computers monitor everything in Singapore from soil composition
to location of manholes. At the airport, it took just 15 seconds for
the computerized immigration system to scan and approve my passport.
It takes only one minute to be checked into a public hospital.
By 1998, almost every household will be wired for interactive
cable TV and the Internet, the global computer network. Shoppers will
be able to view and pay for products electronically. A 24- hour
community telecomputing network will allow users to communicate with
elected representatives and retrieve information about government
services. It is all part of the government's plan to transform the
nation into what it calls the "Intelligent Island".
In so many ways, Singapore has elevated the concept of efficiency
to a kind of national ideology. For the past ten years, Singapore's
work force was rated the best in the world--ahead of Japan and the U.
S. --in terms of productivity, skill and attitude by the Business
Environment Risk Intelligence service.
Behind the "Singapore miracle" is a man Richard Nixon described
as one of "the ablest leaders I have met," one who, "in other times
and other places, might have attained the world stature of a
Churchill. " Lee Kuan Yew led Singapore's struggle for independence
in the 1950s, serving as Prime Minister from 1959 until 1990. Today
(1995), at 71, he has nominally retired to the office of Senior
Minister, where he continues to influence his country's future. Lee
offered companies tax breaks, political stability, cheap labor and
Nearly 90 percent of Singaporean adults now own their own homes
and thanks to strict adherence to the principle of merit, personal
opportunities abound. "If you've got talent and work hard, you can be
anything here," says a Malaysian-born woman who holds a high-level
Lee likes to boast that Singapore has avoided the "moral
breakdown" of Western countries. He attributes his nation's success
to strong family ties, a reliance on education as the engine of
advancement and social philosophy that he claims is superior to
In an interview with Reader's Digest, he said that the United
States has "lost its bearings" by emphasizing individual rights at
the expense of society. "An ethical society," he said, "is one which
matches human rights with responsibilities. "
16. What characterizes Singapore's advancement is its ______.
A. computer monitoring B. work efficiency
C. high productivity D. value on ethics
17. From Nixon's perspective, Lee is ______.
A. almost as great as Churchill B. not as great as Churchill
C. only second to Churchill in being a leader D. just as great as
18. In the last paragraph, "lost its bearings" may mean ______.
A. become impatient B. failed to find the right position
C. lost its foundation D. grown band-mannered
19. "You can be anything here" (Paragraph 5) may be paraphrased
A. You can hope for a very bright prospect B. You may be able to
do anything needed
C. You can choose any job as you like D. You will become an
20. In Singapore, the concept of efficiency ______.
A. has been emphasized throughout the country
B. has become an essential quality for citizens to aim at
C. is brought forward by the government in order to compete with
D. is known as the basis for .building the "Intelligent Island"
There are many theories about the beginning of drama in ancient
Greece. The one most widely accepted today is based on the assumption
that drama evolved from ritual. The argument for this view goes as
follows. In the beginning, human beings viewed the natural forces of
the world, even the seasonal changes, as unpredictable, and they
sought, through various means, to control these unknown and feared
powers. Those measures which appeared to bring the desired results
were then retained and repeated until they hardened into fixed
rituals. Eventually stories arose which explained or veiled the
mysteries of the rites. As time passed some rituals were abandoned,
but the stories, later called myths, persisted and provided material
for art and drama.
Those who believed that drama evolved out of ritual also argue
that those rites contained the seed of theater because music, dance,
masks, and costumes were almost always used. Furthermore, a suitable
site had to be provided for performances, and when the entire
community did not participate, a clear division was usually made
between the "acting area" and the "auditorium". In addition, there
were performers, and, since considerable importance was attached to
avoiding mistakes in the enactment of rite~, religious leaders
usually assumed that task. Wearing masks and costumes, they often
impersonated other people, animals, or supernatural beings, and mimed
the desired effect--success in hunt or battle, the coming rain, the
revival of the Sun--as an actor might. Eventually such dramatic
representations were separated from religious activities.
Another theory traces the theater's origin from the human
interest in storytelling. According to this view, tales (about the
hunt, war, or other feats) are gradually elaborated, at first through
the use of impersonation, action, and dialogue by a narrator and then
through the assumption of each of the roles by a different person. A
closely related theory traces theater to those dances that are
primarily rhythmical and gymnastic or that are imitations of animal
movements and sounds
21. What does the passage mainly discuss? ______
A. The origins of theater. B. The role of ritual in modern dance.
C. The importance of storytelling. D. The variety of early
22. What aspect of drama does the author discuss in the first
A. The reason drama is often unpredictable.
B. The seasons in which dramas were performed.
C. The connection between myths and dramatic plots.
D. The importance of costumes in early drama.
23. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a common element
of theater and ritual? ______
A. Dance. B. Costumes.
C. Music. D. Magic.
24. According to the passage, what is the main difference between
ritual and drama? ______
A. Ritual uses music whereas drama does not.
B. Ritual is shorter than drama.
C. Ritual requires fewer performers than drama.
D. Ritual has a religious purpose and drama does not.
25. The passage supports which of the following statements?
A. No one really knows how the theater began.
B. Myths are no longer represented dramatically.
C. Storytelling is an important part of dance.
D. Dramatic activities require the use of costumes.
Most people can remember a phone number for up to thirty seconds.
When this short amount of time elapses, however, the numbers are
erased from the memory. How did the information get there in the
first place? Information that makes its way to the short term memory
(STM). does so via the sensory storage area. The brain has a filter
which only allows stimuli that is of immediate interest to pass on to
the STM, also known as the working memory.
There is much debate about the capacity and duration of the short
term memory. The most accepted theory comes from George A. Miller, a
cognitive psychologist who suggested that humans can remember
approximately seven chunks of information. A chunk is defined as a
meaningful unit of information, such as a word or name rather than
just a letter or number. Modern theorists suggest that one can
increase the capacity of the short term memory by chunking, or
classifying similar information together. By organizing information,
one can optimize the STM, and improve the chances of a memory being
passed on to long term storage.
When making a conscious effort to memorize something, such as
information for an exam, many people engage in "rote rehearsal". By
repeating something over and over again, we are able to keep a memory
alive. Unfortunately, this type of memory maintenance only succeeds
if there are no interruptions. As soon as a person stops rehearsing
the information, it has the tendency to disappear. When a pen and
paper are not handy, you might attempt to remember a phone number by
repeating it aloud. If the doorbell rings or the dog barks to come in
before you get the opportunity to make your phone call, you will
forget the number instantly. Therefore, rote rehearsal is not an
efficient way to pass information from the short term to long term
memory. A better way is to practice "elaborate rehearsal". This
involves assigning semantic meaning to a piece of information so that
it can be filed along with other pre-existing long term memories.
Encoding information semantically also makes it more retrievable.
Retrieving information can be done by recognition or recall. Humans
can recall memories that are stored in the long term memory and used
often. However, if a memory seems to be forgotten, it may eventually
be retrieved by prompting. The more cues a person is given (such as
pictures. , the more likely a memory can be retrieved. This is why
multiple choice tests are often used for subjects that require a lot
26. According to the passage, how do memories get transferred to
the STM? ______
A. They revert from the long term memory.
B. They are filtered from the sensory storage area.
C. They get chunked when they enter the brain.
D. They enter via the nervous system.
27. How do theorists believe a person can remember more
information in a short time? ______
A. By organizing it. B. By repeating it.
C. By giving it a name. D. By writing it down on paper.
28. Why does the author mention a dog's bark? ______
A. To exemplify poor memory.
B. To analyze a type of interruption.
C. To compare human memory with dog's memory.
D. To illustrate the lack of efficiency of rote rehearsal.
29. Which of the following is true about retrieving information?
A. Elaborate rehearsal contributes to information retrieval.
B. The most efficient way of retrieving information is to assign
semantic meaning to the information.
C. It's impossible to retrieve forgotten information without
D. Encoding information is more efficient than chunking it.
30. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. One's memory capacity can be enhanced by rote rehearsal.
B. Putting information to writing is suggested to improve memory.
C. Providing sufficient prompts helps information retrieval.
D. Multiple choice exams are the most difficult.
SECTION 3 TRANSLATION TEST (1)
Direction: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write
your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
We know that more is to be gained when great powers cooperate
than when they collide. That is a lesson that human beings have
learned time and again, and that is the example of the history
between our nations. And I believe strongly that cooperation must go
beyond our government. It must be rooted in our people--in the
studies we share, the business that we do, the knowledge that we gain,
and even in the sports that we play. And these bridges must be built
by young men and women just like you and your counterparts in America.
That's why I'm pleased to announce that the United States will
dramatically expand the number of our students who study in China to
100,000. And these exchanges mark a clear commitment to build ties
among our people, as surely as you will help determine the destiny of
the 21st century. And I'm absolutely confident that America has no
better ambassadors to offer than our young people. For they, just
like you, are filled with talent and energy and optimism about the
history that is yet to be written.
SECTION 4 TRANSLATION TEST (2)
Direction: Translate the following passage into English and write
your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
额将下降 9%左右，工业生产将下降 15%，经济问题将缩减 1%～2%，出现 60 年
Part A Spot Dictation
We have all experienced days when everything goes wrong. A day
may begin well enough, but suddenly everything seems to get out of
control. What invariably happens is that a great number of things
choose to go wrong at precisely the same moment. It is as if a single
unimportant event set up a chain of reactions. Let us suppose that
you are preparing a meal and keeping an eye on the baby at the same
time. The telephoned rings and this marks the prelude to an
unforeseen series of catastrophes. While you are on the phone, the
baby pulls the tablecloth off the table, smashing half your best
crockery and cutting himself in the process. You hang up hurriedly
and attend to baby, crockery, etc. Meanwhile, the meal gets burnt. As
if this were not enough to reduce you to tears, your husband arrives,
unexpectedly bringing three guests to dinner.
Things can go wrong on a big scale, as a number of people
recently discovered in Parramatta, a suburb of Sydney. During the
rush hour one evening two cars collided and both drivers began to
argue. The woman immediately behind the two cars happened to be a
learner. She suddenly got into a panic and stopped her car. This made
the driver following her brake hard. His wife was sitting beside him
holding a large cake. As she was thrown forward, the cake went right
through the windscreen and landed on the road. Seeing a cake flying
through the air, a lorry driver who was drawing up alongside the car,
pulled up all of a sudden. The lorry was loaded with empty beer
bottles and hundreds of them slid off the back of the vehicle and on
to the road. This led to yet another angry argument. Meanwhile, the
traffic piled up behind. It took the police nearly an hour to get the
traffic on the move again. In the meantime, the lorry driver had to
sweep up hundreds of broken bottles. Only two stray dogs benefited
from all this confusion, for they greedily devoured what was left of
the cake. It was just one of those days!
Part B Listening Comprehension
1. The Forbidden City is a heritage of the world. It doesn't
matter if the coffee shop is in American, British or Ethiopian, as
long as it is harmless.
2. Computer science employment is growing by 100,000 jobs
annually, but there's a dramatic decline in the number of students
graduating with computer science degrees.
3. I'm glad Florence has made it and joined us in this reception,
especially at such short notice.
4. If Jack could have fixed the lamp in the hallway, he wouldn't
have called in an electrician.
5. I'll get a ticket for the concert, even though I have to sell
my PSP to get enough money.
6. If Tony can't accomplish the task, nobody can.
7. Sometime, only a slip of one's pen will cost a huge loss,
especially for some important projects.
8. Although Iris acknowledged that Beatle's tunes sounded pretty
dated nowadays, she still preferred them to the hip-hop songs her
9. It was all but impossible to get to the top of a high mountain
in such a short period of time.
10. If the pill could alleviate the pain, we would not have to
use stronger drugs.
1. A 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. D 6. D 7. A 8. C 9. D 10. A
Ⅱ. Talks and Conversations
W: Morning. Can I help you?
M: Well, I'm not really sure. I'm just looking.
W: I see. Well, there's plenty to look at again this year. I'm
sure you'd have to walk miles to see each stand.
M: That's true.
W: Would you like a coffee? Come and sit down for a minute. No
M: Well, that's very kind of you. But...
W: No, please, is this the first year you've been to the fair,
M: Yes. Johnson. James Johnson.
W: My name's Susan Carter. Are you looking for anything in
particular or are you just interested in computers in general?
M: Well, actually, I have some specific jobs in mind. I own a
small company. We've grown quite dramatically over the past 12 months
and we really need some technological help to enable us to keep on
top of everything.
W: What's your line of business, Mr. Johnson?
M: We are a training consultancy.
W: I see. And what do you need to keep on top?
M: The first thing is correspondence. We have a lot of standard
letters and forms. So I suppose we need some kind of word processor.
W: Right. Well, that's no problem. But it may be possible for you
to get a system that does a lot of other things in addition to word
processing. What might suit you is the MRS000. That's over there.
It's IBM compatible.
M: What about the price?
W: Well, the MRS000 costs 1,050 pounds. Software comes free with
M: Well, I'll think about it. Thank yon.
W: Here's my card. Please feel free to contact me.
Q. 11. Where did the conversation take place?
Q. 12. What are the speakers talking about?
Q. 13. What is the man's line of business?
Q. 14. How much is the system recommended?
11. A 12. C 13. B 14. A
Science fiction writers have often imagined humans going to live
on the Mars. But these days, scientists are taking the idea seriously.
It has a great deal to recommend it, since it might solve the problem
of overcrowding on the earth. But obviously, it would not be worth
making the effort unless people could live there naturally. If the
atmosphere were like that of the earth, this might be possible. But
in fact it is mostly carbon dioxide. Apart from that, there are other
problems to be overcome. For example, the temperature would have to
be raised from 6 degrees below zero to 15 degrees above it.
Scientists who study Mars have laid down the program that they can
follow. To begin with, they will have to find out whether life has
ever existed on the planet of Mars in the past. Secondly they will
have to make a reliable map of its surface. And finally, they will
have to make a list of the gases. Above all, they will have to
discover how much nitrogen it possesses. Since nitrogen is four
fifths of the air we breathe, they are surprisingly optimistic about
raising the temperature on Mars and believe it could be done in a
hundred years. It will take a bit longer, though, to transform the
atmosphere so that human beings could live there. Scientists estimate
this will take one hundred thousand years.
Q. 15. Why are scientists interested in Mars?
Q. 16. What is the one of the things that must be done for a man
to live on Mars?
Q. 17. Why do scientists want to find out whether there is
sufficient nitrogen on Mars?
Q. 18. What is the prospect of people living on Mars?
15. A 16. D 17. D 18. C
W: Mr. Smith, is the number of complaints increasing or
M: There was a slight decrease last year. The highest number of
complaints was two years ago when we received 7,300.
W: Does the reduction mean that the quality of goods and services
M: I don't think so. It's probably due to the poor economic
situation. Most people are simply buying less.
W: Is there any change in the nature of the complaints?
M: Not really. People are still complaining about the same thing.
W: What do they complain about most often?
M: Electrical appliances. Last year, we received 1, 809
complaints about them--25% of all complaints. Then there are
complaints about travel agencies, photographic and sound equipment,
and clothing--in that order.
W: What sort of complaints do you get about travel agencies?
M: Oh, they include anything from air tickets to accommodation.
W: Are most of the complaints justified?
M: About 90% of the complaints about travel agencies are
justified. In other areas, investigation of about 50% of complaints
reveals some kind of business mulpractice, but overall about 30% of
the complaints are due to misunderstandings on the part of the
consumer; the rest are too vague to be worth following up.
W: How long does it take you to complete an investigation of a
M: About 2 or 3 weeks for a proper investigation. We really need
W: Thank you, Mr. Smith.
M: My pleasure.
Q. 19. which of the following is the closest to the record number
of consumer complaints?
Q. 20. Which of the following has the most complaints of all?
Q. 21. In general, what's the proportion of complaints that
cannot be investigated?
Q. 22. How long do most complaints take to investigate?
19. D 20. B 21. B 22. C
Jane Brown has been married for 12 years. She has three children
and lives in a suburb outside Columbus, Ohio. When her youngest child
reached school age, Jane decided to go back to work. She felt that
she should contribute to the household finances. Her salary could
make the difference between the financial struggle and a secure
financial situation for her family. Jane also felt bored and
frustrated in her role as a home maker and wanted to be more involved
in life outside her home. Jane was worried about the children's
adjustment to this new situation, but she arranged for them to go
stay with a woman nearby after school each afternoon. They seemed to
be happy with the arrangement. The problem seemed to be between Jane
and her husband Bill.
When Jane was at home all day, she was able to clean the house,
go grocery shopping, wash the clothes, take care of the children and
cook the two or three meals each day. She was very busy, of course,
but she succeeded in getting everything done. Now these same things
need to be done, but Jane has only evenings and early mornings to do
them. Both Jane and Bill are tired when they arrived at home at six p.
m.. Bill is accustomed to sitting down and reading the paper or
watching TV until the dinner is ready. This is exactly what Jane
feels like doing, but someone has to fix the dinner, and Bill expects
it to be Jane. Jane is becoming very angry at Bill's attitude. She
feels that they should share the household job. But Bill feels that
everything should be the same as it was before Jane went back to work.
Q. 23. Why did Jane want to go back to work?
Q. 24. How did Jane spend her days before she went back to work?
Q. 25. What problem arose when Jane went back to work?
Q. 26. What does the story try to tell us?
23. C 24. A 25. B 26. C
M: Good morning, Can I help you?
W: Hello, my name is Miss Bristow and I'm intending to go to a
conference in Melbourne for two weeks.
M: I see. Do you want the excursion fare or the full return fare?
W: Now, can I get a stopover on the excursion fare.
M: Yes, you are allowed only one stopover on the excursion fare.
W: Oh, I see, only one.
M: Yes, But of course, if you pay the full return fare then you
can have unlimited stopovers.
W: Oh, that's much better. Yes, you see, the thing is that I've
got two weeks' holiday after the conference and I've never been out
that way before at all to Australia or the Far East, and I wanted to
go, you know, shopping or seeing Hong Kong or Shanghai or somewhere
M: Yes, Um...
W: Where exactly can I go?
M: Well, lots of places. There's Singapore or urn, Thailand,
you've really got quite a lot of choices you know.
W: Well, it sounds marvelous. Urn, how much would that cost?
M: The full fare? Well, that's really quite a lot. It's 1204
W: A thousand two hundred and four. Well, it's once a lifetime,
you know, I've never been.
W: The thing is, actually that, urn, I'm absolutely terrified of
flying. I've never done it before.
M: Oh dear.
W: And err, I'm hoping that I can persuade my two friends, who
are also going to the conferences, to stop over with me on the way
M: That would be a good idea.
W: Oh, yes, by the way, one of them is in Cairo at the moment.
Would it be possible for me to stop over there on my way to Melbourne?
M: Yes, of course. There are plenty of flights to Cairo and
plenty more onwards from Cairo to Melbourne. And then you can stay
there for as long as you like.
W: Oh, that's great! Now, the thing is , I think I'd better go
and persuade Mr. Gates that he'd like to stop with me in Cairo...
M: I see.
W: ... go and discuss it with him and then come back to you in a
day or two, if that's all right.
M: Yes, certainly.
W: Oh, thank you very much. OK, goodbye.
M: Thank you, good bye.
Q. 27. What does the woman come to the travel agency to do?
Q. 28. What kind of ticket will the woman probably buy?
Q. 29. How much does the ticket cost?
Q. 30. What will the woman's trip probably be?
27. C 28. B 29. D 30. A
Part C Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
1．Even a self-confident person needs to practice before making a
speech in public.
2．We are not trying to practice medicine. We are trying to give
consumers detailed information on their various health care issue.
3．Boeing, the world's largest commercial airplane maker,
announced it has 18 billion dollars in new orders this year for its
new 777 jetliner.
世界上最大的商业飞机制造商波音公司宣布其新型 777 喷气式客机今年的
新订单达 180 亿美元。
4．Tourism clearly counts as one of the most remarkable economic
and social phenomena of the last century. It undoubtedly will keep
this position for the century to come.
5．We are all intimately familiar with at least one language, yet
few of US ever stop to consider what we know about it. The words of a
language can be listed in a dictionary, but not all the sentences.
1．The U.S. unemployment rate dropped in November, while the
nation's economy lost the fewest jobs since 2007. A report from the
Labor Department Friday says the jobless rate was 10 percent last
month, a slight decline from the 26-year high of 10.2% it hit in the
previous month. The U.S. economy also lost 11,000 jobs in November,
which is far less than the prior month.
参考译文：美国 11 月份的失业率下降，这是 2007 年以来美国经济失去最
少工作的月份。劳工部星期五公布的一份报告说，美国 11 月的失业率为 10%，
比 10 月创 26 年来最高点的 10.2%有所下降。美国经济 11 月份减少了 1 万 1 千
多份工作，工作减少幅度远低于 10 月。
2．Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's
1ife. Don't be trapped by dogma- which is living with the results of
other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions
drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage
to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what
you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.
1．A 2．D 3．C 4．A 5．B 6．D
7．B 8．C 9．B 10．A 11．D 12．C
13．A 14．C 15．B 16．D 17．D 18．B
19．A 20．B 21．A 22．C 23．D 24．D
25．A 26．B 27．A 28．D 29．A 30．C
我们到中国学习的留学生人数要急剧增加到 10 万人。这些交流清楚表明我们愿
意致力于加强两国人民的联系，因为你们将决定 21 世纪人类的命运。我确信美
The financial and economic crisis sweeping the globe is dealing a
heavy blow to the world economy. It is forecast that the global trade
volume will drop by about 9 percent, industrial output by 15 percent
and economic aggregate by 1 to 2 percent, indicating the most severe
situation for 60 years. The economic crisis is testing the economic
management capabilities of governments as well as the wisdom of
By expanding economic cooperation in Asia, combining
industrialization, urbanization of Asia with the technologies of
developed countries as well as capitals from within and outside the
region, tremendous demands will take, shape. Once the demands are
translated into real purchase power and import power, they can play a
vital role in driving the global economy out of the shadow of crisis.