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					                                             NE F 8-6T
                                        November 1985
                                     Canceled July 1996




NE Standard
HOISTING AND RIGGING OF CRITICAL COMPONENTS AND
RELATED EQUIPMENT



No Replacement
    OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY                                                                                       POST OFFICE BOX Y
                                                                                                                        OAK RIDGE, TENNESSEE 37831
     JPERATED BY MARTIN MARlE7A ENERGY SYSTEMS. INC.




                                               NUCLEAR STANDARDS TRANSMITTAL
                                                   1R E T U R N COMMENTS T O                                 (   DATE
    ATT.               DISTRIBUTION
I                                                       ORNL S t a n d a r d s C o o r d i n a t o r                J a n u a r y 1 7 , 1986
                                                   NO L A T E R T H A N                                TYPE SUBMISSION             1       TYPE ACTION



                         L i s t 01
                                                              COGNIZANT ENGINEER
                                                                                                        1. TENTATIVE                   a   A.   T R I A L USE


                                 05                                                                02.       DRAFT                     0 B.     INFORMATION

                                                                                                        3. A M E N D M E N T               C.   COMMENTS

                                                       corn. 615-574-7894                               4. R E V I S I O N S           0 D.
                                                       FTS    624-7894
                                                                                               I        5,       ERRATA

                                                             NUMBER                                DESCRIPTION                                        ACTION




                                                       NE F 8-6T          H o i s t i n g and R i g g i n g of C r i t i c a l
                                                                          Components a n d R e l a t e d E q u i p m e . ~ t


I


                                                       Errata
                                                                                                                                                  I
                                                       P l e a s e r e p l a c e p a g e s 5 a n d 6 , a n d 47 and 48 w i t h
                                                       t h e e n c l o s e d c o r r e c t e d o n e s i n t h e November 1985                    I




           I
                                                                                           SIGNATURE




                                                                                          W. L. C o o p e r , J r . , Manager
                                                                                          Performance Assurance P r o j e c t Office
SAE 5874            Center of Gravity Test Code

SAE 5894            Terminology   -   Construction and Industrial Machinery

SAE 5959            Lifting Crane Wire-Rope Strength Factors

SAE 5999            Boom Hoist Disengaging Device

SAE 51180           Telescopic Boom Length Indicating System

SAE 51257           Rating Chart for Cantilevered Boom Cranes

       2.5   American Welding Society (AwS).

AWS Dl. 1           Structural Welding Code

AWS D14.1           Specification for Welding Industrial and Mill Cranes

       2.6   American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTY).

ASTM A 125          Heat-Treated Steel Helical Springs

ASTM A 370          Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of
                    Steel Products

ASTM A 391          Alloy Steel Chain

ASTM A 456          Weldless Carbon Steel Chain

ASTM A 467          Machine and Coil Chain

ASTM A 5 16         Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon
                    Steel, for Moderate- and Lower-Temperature Service

ASTY A 537          Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Heat
                    Treated Carbon-Manganese-Silicon Steel

ASTM A 588          Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural
                    Steel with 50,000 psi Minimum Yield point to 4 in. Thick

ASTM E 109          Standard Method for Dry Powder Magnetic Particle
                    Inspection

ASTV E 208          Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility
                    Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels

ASTY E 380          Standard for Metric Practice

   -   2.7   Crane Manufacturers Association of America (CMAA).

CMAA 79             Specifications for Electric Overhead Trave 1ing Cranes
CMAA     74     Specifications for Top Running and Under Running
                Single Girder Electric Overhead Traveling Cranes

       2.8    Monorail Manufacturers Association (MMA).

Specifications for Overhead Track Systems

Specification of Underhung Cranes and Monorail Systems

       2.9    Hoist Manufacturers Institute (HMI).

HMI 100         Standard Specifications for Electric Wire-Rope Hoists

HMI 200         Standard Specifications for Hand Operated Chain Hoist

HMI 300         Standard Specifications for Manually Lever-Operated
                Chain Hoists

HMI 400         Standard Specifications for Electric Chain Hoists

       2.10    Association of Iron and Steel Engineers (AISE).

AISE 4          Alloy Steel Chain and Alloy Steel Chain Slings for
                Overhead Lifting

       2.11    Power Crane and Shovel Association (PCSA).

PCSA-1          Mobile Power Crane and Excavator Standards

PCSA-2          Mobile Hydraulic Crane Standards

       2.12    American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).

Wire Rope Users Manual

       2.13    American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC).

AISC          Manual of Steel Construct ion

       2.14   American Societv of Mechanical Engineers (ASHE).

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section V, "Nondestructive
    Examinat ion"

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, "Welding and
    Brazing Qualifications"

3.     TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

     The following terms have special meaning in the context of this
standard. Additional terms relating to materials handling equipment and
     d. In no case shall cranes, derricks, or other vertical hoisting
equipment be used for pulling or swinging, or in a manner that the load
line is not plumb, unless expresslv specified in the approved procedure.

     12.5 Rigging. All rigging shall conform to the approved rigging
diagrams and shall be checked before starting the move or lift; if the
   -
approved procedures do not require a formal rigging diagram, rigging
shall be in accordance with good ripzing practice and erected and
operated under the direction of a qualified rigging specialist. All
rigging items shall meet the requirements of the procedure, ANSI R30.9,
the item-manufacturer's equipment data sheets, and shall not be over-
loaded.

        12.5.1 Wire Rope. Wire rope shall be used, maintained, and
reDlaced in accordance with the recommended practices of ANSI B30 and
the recommendations of the "Wire Rope Users Manual." Prior to starting
a critical lift, the condition of running and standing ropes and of
ropes used in slings shall be inspected to verify that they are in
adequate condition. Where the wire rope is susceptible to nonuniforin
winding on the drum it shall be inspected to ensure it cannot be
pinched, snagged, or otherwise damaged at the side of the drum or in the
structure adjacent to the drum. During hoisting operations, personnel
shall continuously monitor for any change in operating condition of the
rope such as crowding, pinching, nonuniform spooling of the drum, or
kinks, tears, bird caging, broken strands, rust, crushing, lack of
proper lubrication, or other evidence of abuse or excessive wear of the
ropes. If any indication of rope damage or failure becomes apparent
during the lift, hoistinz shall cease and the conditions shall be evalu-
ated by the PIC.

        12.5.2 Slings. Wire rope slings shall be assembled in accord-
ance with the requirements of Section 10 and B30.9. The working load
limits of slings shall be in accordance with the tables of ANSI 830.9 or
AISE 4 or, for sling configurations not covered by those standards, the
sling manufacturer's certified ratings. Slings should be criented so
                   ratio of 5 is maintained at all stress points. The
that a minimum ~ / d
angle of any sling, measured to the vertical, shall not exceed 45
degrees. Where eye-bolts are used, the load vector of the sling shall
be as nearly parallel and coincident with the axis of the eyebolt shank
as practicable, and the eyebolts shall comply with the requirements of
Annex A3. The use of spreader bars for Class 1 lifts is desirable to
avoid the use of angularly oriented slings.

     Non-metallic slings shall be used only when specified in the
procedure, and shall not be used in environments where they will be
subjected to corrosion (nylon slings shall not be subjected to acid;
polyester slings shall not be subjected to caustics), temperatures in
                  or
excess of 2 0 0 " ~ ~ radiation fields in excess of 200 mr/hr. Non-
metallic slings showing evidence of melting, charring, or other high
temperature condition, corrosion, radiation damage, or exposure to weld
spatter; or which have holes, tears, cuts, snags, or embedded metal
particles; or which have knots, crushed webbing, broken or worn stitch-
ing in load-bearing splices; or damaged loop-eyes, shall be replaced
before starting the lift or move. Non-metallic slings shall be
protected from abrasion and from sharp corners and edges of the
component.

        12.5.3 Tackle    Accessories. Only factory-made tackle accesso-
ries should be used in   making up slings and tackle assemblies. Defective
or damaged accessories   shall be destroyed and replaced, or returned to
their manufacturer for   repair. Local repair or modification of accesso-
ries is prohibited.

        12.5.4 Lifting Attachments. Trunnions, eyes, and other attach-
ments designed for supporting or fixing a component in position after
installation shall not be used for hoisting or tie-down purposes unless
expressly authorized by the design, and so identified by markings on or
instructions accompanying the item, or when expressly authorized b y the
procedure.

        12.5.5 Multi-Leg Lifting Assemblies. Four-leg and greater lift
assemblies should be avoided. Where they are unavoidable, limitations
on their use shall be as specified in 10.6.

        12.5.6 Guying. A-frames, gin poles, and other unstable or
potentially unstable members shall be guyed at all times during erec-
tion, use, and disassembly to prevent their falling. Installation o f
such members in areas where critical components are locared shall be
covered by procedures (which must be approved by the PIC before erection)
and no move or adiustment of their position or orientation shall be made
except under the supervision of a qualified rigging specialist and with
the approval of the PIC. Wind loads should be considered and adequate
guys or footings provided to meet the requirements of the Uniform Build-
ing Code for wind-loaded structures.

        12.5.7 Restraints. Restraints required for upending large
components shall be located and arranged so that the load line of the
hoisting equipment remains plumb and the load on the hook can not exceed
the approved hook load under any circumstances; load-indicating or load
limiting devices shall be provided in the restraint line(s) or load
line, as applicable when restraints are employed.

        12.5.8 Protection of Components from Dropped Items, When
equipment is used above open vessels or piping or components which have
been identified as critical by the purchaser, means shall be provided to
protect the open components from loose items, oil, grease, and dirt at
all times when such equipment is overhead, and all fasteners, pins, and
other loose or removable parts o f the equipment and tackle shall be
lock-wired or otherwise restrained to prevent them from coming loose and
dropping.
         AK RKKiE NATIONAL LABORAT0RY
r- -
.
1   :   OPBUTEO BV   W E l T A ENERGY S S.
                                       Y-    IWC




                                             NUCLEAR STANDARDS TWANSMTTTAL



                     Lists     01
                                                                                                         a 8.   INFORMATION




                                                   coma 615-574-7894
                                                   FTS   624-7894



                                                   NE F 8-6T        Hoisting and Rigging of C r i t i c a l
                                                                    Components and Related Equiprrent




                                                                              W . L . Cooper, J r . , Manager
                                                                              Performance Assurance Project O f f i c e
                                           Supersedes
                                           RDT F 8-6T, January




                      '\
        HOISTING AND RrGGlNG O F CRITICAL
        COMPONENTS A N ~ R E L A T E D
                                             -
                                     EQUIPMENT




        NOVEMBER 1985
    4




        U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
-       NUCLEAR ENERGY PROGRAMS
SmdaJQymd~inpuiirm:
    p d w n n a k r u r a n a ProJoe? O t t lcm
    oJIw.-L.bontory
    Ikil&rg 9204-1. Rawn 321. M/S 10
    P.O. Box Y
    oJI Wgo, Twmas. 37831
                                FOREWORD


     This standard was developed primarily for application in U.S.
Department of Energy nuclear energy programs. It is one of a series of
nuclear energy program standards developed under a "limited coordina-
tion" procedcre designed to achieve a technical coordination among
individuals of recognized authority from affected DOE programs in a
relatively short period of time and, where appropriate, from suppliers,
purchasers, users, and technical experts. The procedure utilizes a
writing group to prepare the standard and a technical review committee
to provide formal review and comment. Participants in the writing and
review of this standard are listed belov.



                            PROJECT W A G E R

C. A. Burchsted     Nuclear Standards Management Center      (Deceased)
                    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

H. L. Moseley       Nuclear Standards Management Center
                    Oak Ridge National Laboratory



                             WRITING GROUP

C. A. Munro        Principal Engineer, Engineering Dept.       Chairman
                   Westinghouse-Hanford Co.

D. E. Swanson      Deputy Manager, Materials Facility
                   Argonne National Laboratory-Idaho

R. E. Johnson      Chief Engineer, Development
                   DERER Incorporated

D. J. O'Rourke      Director,
                    National Crane Services

P. M. Green         Facility Design Zngineering
                    Energy Technology Engineering Center


                       TECHNICAL REVIEW COMMITTEE

R. H. Stickley      Safety Engineering Specialist              Chairman
                    E G G Idaho, Inc.
                              TECHNCIAL REVIEW COMMITTEE


       J. P. Bultman       Duke Power Company

       C. W. Clark         EDERER Incorporated

       C. A. Collier       Crane Technical Training & Inspection, Inc.

 f     J. R. DeRidder      Lake Shore, Inc.

 -     J. W. Downs, Jr.    Downs Crane & Hoist Co., Inc.,

       G. A. Hanlon                         t
                           ~ e ~ a r t m e nof Energy (Deceased)

       E. Y. Jagodzinski   Retired, formerly Harnischfeger Co.

       Percy Malone        Naval Facilities Engineering Cornand

       W. C. Rhine         Cut let-Hammer

       G. A. Towneo        B. E. Incorporated

       J. W. Wagoner       Department of Energy

, -,
,-     W. W. Weaver, Jr.   Engineering Consultant
'.
                                                               November 1985
                                                               i            vi


HOISTING AND RIGGING OF CRITICAL COMPONENTS



                                 TABLE OF CONTENTS



1   .   SCOPE   .......................................................      1

        1.1     Use of the Standard ....................................     1
        1.2     Applicaticn of the Standard ...........................      1
        1.3     Classification ........................................      l
                1.3.1  Classification of Loads ........................      1
                1.3.2  Classification of Equipment ....................      3
        1.4     Conversion Factors ....................................      3

2   .                    ........................................
        APPLICABLe DOCUMENTS                                                 3

          Nuclear Regulatory Commission Document ................            4
          Code of Federal Regulations ...........................            4
          American National Standards Institute .................            4
          Society of Automotive Engineers .......................            4
          American Welding Society ..............................            5
          American Society for Testing and Materials ............            5
          Crane Manufacturers Association of America ............            5
          Monorail Manufacturers Association ....................            6
          Hoist Manufacturers Institute .........................            6
          Association of Iron and Steel Engineers ...............            6
          Power Crane and Shovel Association ....................            6
          American Iron and Steel Institute .....................            6
          American Institute of Steel Construction ..............            6
          American Society of Mechanical Engineers ..............            6

3 . TERMS AND DEFINITIONS .......................................            6

                Certification. Certificate of Conformance   .............    7
                Critical Item or Load  .................................     7
                Critical Lift or Move   .................................    7
                Critical Service  ......................................     7
                Equipment .............................................      7
                Fixed Capacity Equipment   ..............................    7
                Handling Fixture  ......................................     !
                                                                             3
                Independent Review  ....................................     8
                Live Load ........................................           8
                Load-Bearing Part  .....................................     8
                Load Rating ........................................         8
                Lowest Service Temperature (LST)    ......................   8
                Person In Charge (PIC)   ................................    8
                Public Carrier ........................................      9
                                                                 Page

    3.15   Qualified Engineer-Qualified Engineering
           Organization........................................ 9
   3.16    Qualified Inepector................................... 9
   3.17    Qualified Operator.................................... 9
   3.18    Qualified Rigger-Qualified Rigging Specialist......... 9
   3.19    Reduced Load Rating................................... 9
   3.20    Responsible Manager................................... 9
   3.21    Tackle. Tackle Assembly............................... 9
   3.22    User Facility......................................... 9
   3.23
   3.24
           Variable Capacity Equipment
           Verification
                                      ........................... 9
                       ........................................ 10
4 . OSHA COMPLIANCE ............................................ 10

5 . FACILITY-OWNED EQUIPMENT .................................... 10

    5.1    General ...............................................10
    5.2    New Equipment .........................................10
           5.2.1   Design ........................................10
           5.2.2   Equipment Rigging .............................12
           5.2.3   Equipment Hooks ...............................12
           5.2.4   Protective Devices ............................12
           5.2.5   Threaded Fasteners and Members ................13
           526
            :.     Fixed Capacity Equipment ......................13
           5.2.7   Variable Capacity Equipment ...................
                                         .........................14
           5.2.8   In-Containment Cranes                          14
           5.2.9   Hot Cell. Cave. and Canyon Cranes .............15
           5.2.10 Coarmercial Hoists and Cranes. 10 Tons and Lese 16
    5.3    Existicg Equipment ....................................16
    5.4    Repaired and Modified Equipment ........................
                                                                  16

    CONTRACTOR-OWNED EQUIPMENT  .................................. 16
           General ............................................... 17
           Load Rating ..........................................  17
           Equipment Rigging ..................................... 17
           Equipment Hooks ....................................... 18
           6.4.1 Hook Latches ................................... 18
           Protective Devices .................................... 18
           Threaded Fasteners and Members ........................ 19
           Fixed Capacity Equipment .............................. 19
           Variable Capacity Equipment ........................... 20
           Temporary Hoisting Aseemblies. Jacks. and Load
           Positioners ...........................................20
           Repaired and Modified Equipment....................... 21
                                                           F 8-6T


                                                             iii




7   .   FABRICATOR-QWNED EQUIPMENT .................................      21

        7.1   Invoking of the Standard .............................      21
        7.2   Other Requirements ...................................      22

    8 . MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT ....................................      22

        8.1    Temporary Hoisting Assemblies   ........................   22
               8.1.1  Rigging Equipment   .............................   23
               8.1.2  Equipment Hooks   ...............................   23
               8.1.3  Protective Devices   ............................   23
        8.2    Jacks and Load Positioners   ...........................   24

        EQUIPMENT INSPECTION AND TEST

        9.1        .............................................. 24
               General
               9.1.1 Major Service and Inspection.................. 24
               9.1.2 Annual Condition Report....................... 24
                                       ........................... 75
               9.1.3 Frequent Inspection
               9.1.4 Functional Requirements....................... 27
                               ..................................
               9.1.5 Load Testing                                     27
     9.2                     .................................... 28
               Equipment Rigging
                                    .............................. 28
               9.2.1 Major Inspection
                                     ............................. 28
               9.2.2 Annual Inspection
                                       ........................... 28
               9.2.3 Frequent Inspection
               9.2.4                        ....................... 28
                       Inspection Requirements
                            ..................................... 28
               9.2.5 Load Test
     9.3                   ...................................... 29
               Equipment Hooks
               9.3.1          ................................... 29
                       Replacement
     9.4                     .................................... 29
               Corrective Action
     9.5           --
               Records     Facility-Owned and Contractor-
                           ...................................... 29
               Owned Equipment
               9.5.1 Reporting of Deficiencies..................... 30
               9.5.2 Retention of Inspection and Test Records  ...... 30
               9.5.3                                ................ 30
                       Inspection and Test Procedures

10 . TACKLE AND HANDLING FIXTURES ............................... 31

     10.1 Wire Rope ............................................ 31
     10.2 Slings ............................................... 31
           10.2.1  Sling Identification .........................     31
           10.2.2 Splicing of Slings ........................... 32
               10.2.3 Nonmetallic Slings  ...........................     32
        10.3   Hooks ................................................     33
        10.4   Tackle Accessories ...................................     33
        10.5   Hydraulic Load Positioners ...........................     33
        10.6   Tackle Assemblies ....................................     33
               10.6.1  Multi-Leg Slings .............................     33
                                                                           Page
    1


                    10.6.2   Special Requirements for Statically
    .                        Intermediate Assemblies...................... 34
.
            10.7    Tag Lines............................................. 34
            10.8    Hoisting and Handling Fixtures
                    10.8.1  Design
                                                  ........................ 34
                                  ........................................ 34         )




                    10.8.2 Welding ....................................... 35
                    10.8.3 Lowest Service Temperature .................... 35
             10.9   Threaded Members...................................... 35     7
                                                                                  1



    :   11 . INSPECTION AND TESTING OF TACKLE AND HANDLING FIXTURES ...... 35

             11.1 Annual Condition Report ............................... 35
             11.2 Periodic Inspection ................................... 36
             11.3 Frequent Inspection ................................... 36
              1 4 Inspection Requirements ............................... 36
             1.
                   11.4.1 Slings ......................................... 36
                   11.4.2 Tackle Accessories ............................ 36
                   11.4.3 Handling Fixtures and Spreader Bars ........... 36
             11.5 Load Testing .......................................... 37
                   11.5.1 Multi-Leg Assemblies .......................... 37
                   11.5.2 Handling Fixtures ............................. 37
                   11.5.3 Hydraulic Load Positioners ................... 39
             11.6 Corrective Action ..................................... 39
             11.7 Reporting of Deficiencies ............................. 39
             11.8 Inspection and Test Procedures ........................ 40

             OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS ................................... 40

             12.1   Job Coordination. Facility-Owned
                    and Contractor-Owned Equipment ........................ 40
                    12.1.1  Person In Charge .............................. 40
                    12.1.2  Procedures .................................... 40
                    12.1.3 Personnel  ..................................... 41
                    12.1.4 Load Weight Determination  ..................... 41
                    12.1.5  Shift Coordination ............................ 41
                    12.1.6 Load Rating Charts  ............................ 41
                    12.1.7 Co~unications   ................................ 4 2
                    12.1.8 Verification  .................................. 42
             12.2   Job Coordination. Lifts/Moves by Fabricator- .......... 4 2
                    Owned Equipment ....................................... 42
             12.3   Requirements of Procedures and Job Instructions ....... 42
                    12.3.1  Formal Procedures ............................. 43
                    12.3.2  Job Instructions .............................. 44
             12.4   Operation - All Classes of Equipment .................. 44
                    12.4.1 Loading of Equipment  ........................... 45
                    12.4.2 Safety Devices  ................................ 45
                    12.4.3  Multiple Crane Lifts .......................... 45
                    12.4.4 Class I Lifts  ................................. 45
                                                                            .
                                                                            Page

             12.4.5  Leveling and Blocking    ........................      46
             12.4.6 Control of Load    ..............................       46
     12.5    Rigging   ..............................................       47
             12.5.1  Wire Rope   ....................................       47
             12.5.2  Slings   .......................................       47
             12.5.3 Tackle Accessories    ...........................       48
             12.5.4 Lifting Attachments    ..........................       48
             12.5.5 Multi-Leg Lifting Assemblies      .................     48
             12.5.6 Guying    .......................................       48
             12.5.7  Restraints   ...................................       48
             12.5.8 Protection of Components from Dropped Item        ...   48
             12.5.9  Protection of Components from Slings       .........   49
             12.5.10 Segregation of Slings and Tackle Accessories           49
             12.5.11 Tackle Assemblies    ...........................       49
             12.5 12 Lowest Service Temperature (LST)     ............      49
             12.5.13  Signs. Signals. and Barricades    ..............      49
             12.5.14 Locking Devices     .............................      49
     12.6    Maintenance    ........................................        49
     12.7    Radio Control     .......................................      50
             12.7.1  Protection from Unauthorized Signals    .........      50
             12.7.2  Protection of Radio Control System    ...........      50

13 . QUALITY ASSURANCE ..........................................           50

     13.1 Quality Assurance Program ............................            50
     13.2 Procedures and Job Instructions ......................            51
     13.3 O ~ e r a t o rQualification ...............................      51
           13.3.1       Physical Requirements ........................      51
           13.3.2       Documentation of Operator Qualifications .....      52
     13.4 Historical Equipment File ............................            52
     13.5 Tackle and Handling Fixture History File .............            52
     13.6 Inspection and Test ..................................            53
     13.7 Waivers ..............................................            53

ANNEX A1 . FABRICATION ..........................................           54

     Al.l Scope ...............................................             54
     k1.2 Welding ..............................................            54
     A1.3 Nondestructive Examination ...........................            55
     A1.4 Fabrication Requirements .............................            56
     A1.5    References   ...........................................       58

ANNEX A2    .LOWEST   SERVICE TEXPERATURE DESIGN   ....................     59

     A2.1    Scope    ................................................      59
     A2.2    General    .............................................       59
     A2.3    Determination of Lowest Service Temperature    ..........      60
     A2.4    Welding    ........................................            62
     A2.5    References    ...........................................      62
                                                                 -
                                                                 Page
ANNEX A3   EYES, EYEBOLTS, SLINGING EYES, TRUNNIONS, AND OTHER
           ATTACHMENTS TO COYPONENTS OR HANDLING 3IXTURES TO
           FACILITATE HANDLING, RIGGING, AND TIE DOWN ........... 63
           Scope ............................................... 63
           Design and Material .................................. 63
           Application ........................................ 63
           Location and Lifting Eyes and Attachments ............ 64
           Design of Lifting Eyes ............................... 64
           Eyebolts .............................................. 65
           Inspection of Eyes, Slinging Ryes, and Eyebolts ...... 66
           Lifting Eyes in Concrete ............................. 66
           References ........................................ 66
                                                                  November 198 5
                                                                   1               67


        HOISTING AND RIGGING OF CRITICAL COMPONENTS AND RELATED EQUIPMENT



        1.   SCOPE

             This standard covers hoisting and rigging of critical items (3.2)
        and of materials, components, or supplies handled over, in, or around
        spaces in which critical items are located. The purpose of this
        standard is to provide requirements and rules that will minimize the
        likelihood of physical damage to critical items due to dropping, upset,
        impact, or other handling accident.

             1.1 Use of the Standard. This standard specifies ( 1 ) minimum
        requirements for hoisting and materials-handling equipment and tackle
        (Fig. 1) used for critical lifts and moves; (2) requirements,
        recommendations, and precautions in the use of equipment and tackle; and
        (3) tests and inspections to verifv that equipment and tackle are in
        good operating condition and can safely and reliably accommodate the
        loads involved under the operational and environmental conditions that
        will prevai 1. The standard is not a procedure, but is to be used as a
.   .
        basis for developing detailed procedures for critical hoisting and
        handling operations. The standard also provides a mechanism for a
        technically justified waiver when necessary to meet the requirements of
        a particular operation (13.7).

             The standard is also recommended as a guide for developing
        procedures for the use and testing of equipment and tackle used for
        non-critical lifts and moves.

             1.2 Application of the Standard. The standard applies whenever a
        critical lift or move as defined in 3.2 and 3.3 is to be performed.

             1.3     Classification.

                1.3.1 Classificatioc of Loads. Loads are classified as follows
        Eor the purpose of this standard. The distinction between Class I and
        Class I1 loads lies in the ratio of total live load (3.9) to the load
        rating (3.11, 3.20).


              C las s                      I terns Inc luded

                            (1)   A critical item live load that weighs 75% or
                                  more of the load rating of the crane, hoist,
                                  derrick, materials-handling equipment, or
                                  tackle to be used.
                                                                                                                       -. . .-.-
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        CIXTUII
                                                                                                                                NOTE : WITH MOBILE LIFTING -                                               I

                                                                                                                                       EQUIPMENT THE BLOCK                                                  :
                                                                                                                                       AND RUNNING ROPE ARE                                               :.
                                                                                                                                       CONSIDERED PART OF
                                                                                                                                       THE L I V E LOAD                                                    ,


                                                                                                                                                                                                           '
                                                                                                                                                                      EOUtPMENT                            I




                                                                                                                                                                                                          i



                 NOTE: H A N D L I N G F I X T U R E                                                                                                                                                       I
                 M A Y OR M A Y N O T BE N E E D E D




                                               Fig. 1.             I n t e r f a c e s between equipment ( 3 . 5 )                                            ,
                                                                   t a c k l e ( 3 . 2 1 ) , and l i v e l o a d .
     Class                        It ems Inc luded

                (2)   Any other live load weighing 752 o r more o f the
                      load rating o f the equipment or tackle, and
                      which is to be handled in, around, o r above
                      spaces in which critical items are located.

       II       (1)   A critical item live load that weighs less than
                      75% o f the load rating o f the equipment or
                      tackle to be used.

                (2)   Any other live load weighing less than 752
                      of the load rating of the equipment or tackle,
                      which will be handled in, around, or above
                      spaces in which critical items are Located.




        1.3.2  Classification o f Equipment. Equipment (3.5) is
classified as follows for the purpose o f this standard:



     Class o f Equipment              Description o f Equipment
     Facility-Owned           Equipment installed at or permanently
                              assigned to the User Facility (3.22).

      Contractor-             Equipment owned or operated by a
      Owned                   construction contractor, contract
                              rigging company, or rental equipment
                              company for loading, transfer , unload-
                              ing, handling, erection, installation,
                              or removal of materials, components, or
                              other items that will be installed or
                              used at the User facility (3.22).

      Fabricator Owned        Equipment installed at a fabricator's
                              or shipper's facility used to move o r
                              handle critical components O F materials,
                              parts, subassemblies of critical compon-
                              ents, or other items vhen identified as
                              critical S y the purchaser.



     1.4 Conversion Factors. Standard conversion factors for
conversion to the International System o f Units (Metric) are as found
in ASTN E 380 "Standard for Metric Practice."
2.     APPLICABLE DOCUNENTS

          The f o l l o w i n g documents a r e a p a r t o f t h i s s t a n d a r d t o t h e e x t e n t
s p e c i f i e d h e r e i n . The most r e c e n t i s s u e o f such documents s h a l l a p p l y
e x c e p t , f o r p r o c u r e m e n t , t h e i s s u e i n e f f e c t on t h e d a t e o f i n v i t a -
t i o n t o b i d , i n c l u d i n g any amendments a l s o i n e f f e c t o n t h a t d a t e ,
s h a l l a p p l y u n l e s s o t h e r w i s e s p e c i f i e d . Where t h e s t a n d a r d o r a
reference standard appears t o c o n f l i c t with t h e requirements of a
r e f e r e n c e document, such c o n f l i c t s h a l l be b r o u g h t t o t h e a t t e n t i o n o f
t h e u s e r f a c i l i t y o r t h e p u r c h a s e r , w h i c h e v e r is a p p l i c a b l e ,. f o r
resolution.

       2.1     N u c l e a r R e g u l a t o r y Commission.

NUREG 0554                 S i n g l e F a i l u r e Proof C r a n e s f o r N u c l e a r Power P l a n t s

NUREG 0612                 C o n t r o l o f Heavy Loads a t Nuclear Power P l a n t s

       2.2     Code o f F e d e r a l ' R e r m l a t i o n s .

29 CFR 1926                C o n s t r u c t i o n S a f e t y and H e a l t h R e g u l a t i o n s

29 CFR 1910                O c c u p a t i o n a l S a f e t y and H e a l t h S t a n d a r d s

       2.3     American N a t i o n a l S t a n d a r d s I n s t i t u t e (ANSI).

ANSI B29.1                 P r e c i s i o n Power T r a n s m i s s i o n R o l l e r C h a i n s , A t t a c h -
                           ments and S p r o c k e t s

ANSI B29.2                 I n v e r t e d Tooth ( S i l e n t ) Chains and S p r o c k e t T e e t h

ANSI B29.3                 Double-Pitch Power T r a n s m i s s i o n R o l l e r Chains and
                           Sprockets

ANSI B30                   S a f e t y Code f o r C r a n e s , D e r r i c k s , H o i s t s , J a c k s , and
                           S l i n g s (Table 1 )

ANSI B56.1                 S a f e t y S t a n d a r d f o r Powered I n d u s t r i a l Trucks

ANSI NOG-1                 R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n o f Overhead and G a n t r y C r a n e s

ANSI NQA-1                 Q u a l i t y Assurance Program Requirements f o r Nuclear
                           Power P l a n t s

        2.4    S o c i e t y o f Automotive E n g i n e e r s (SAE).

SAE 5220                   Crane Boomstops

SAE 5375                   Radius-of-Load            and Boom Angle Measuring System

SAE 3 3 76                 Load I n d i c a t i n g Devices i n L i f t i n g Crane S e r v i c e
       SAE 5874           Center of Gravity Test Code

       SAE 5894           Terminology   - Construction   and Industrial Machinery

       SAE 5959           Lifting Crane Wire-Rope Strength Factors

       SAE 5999           Boom Hoist Disengaging Device

       SAE 51180          Telescopic Boom Length Indicating System

       SAE 51257          Rating Chart for Cantilevered Boom Cranes

            2.5    American Welding Society (AWS).

       AWS Dl.%           Structural Welding Code

       AWS D14.1          Specification for Welding Industrial and Hill Cranes

            2.6    American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM).

       ASTH A 125         Heat-'Treated Steel Helical Springs
., .   ASTM A 370         Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of
                          S tee 1 Produc t s

       ASTM A 391         Alloy Steel Chain

       ASTM A 466         Weldless Carbon Steel Chain

       ASTM A 467         Machine and Coil Chain

       ASTM A 516          Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon
                           Steel, for Moderate- and Lcwer-Temperature Service

       ASTY A 537         Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Heat
                          Treated Carbon-Manganese-Silicon Steel

       ASTM A 588          Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural
                           Steel with 50,000 psi Minimum Yield point to 4 in. Thick

       ASTM E 109          Standard Method for Dry Powder Magnetic Particle
                           Inspection

       ASTY E 208          Conducting Drop-Weight Test to ~ e t e k i n eNil-Ductility
                           Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels

       ASTX E 380          Standard for Metric Practice

            2.7     Crane Manufacturers Association of America (CMAA).

       CMAA 70             Specifications for Electric Overhead Traveling Cranes
CMAA     70      Specifications for Top Running and Under Running
                 Single Girder Electric Overhead Traveling Cranes

       2.8     Monorail Manufacturers Association (MMA).

Specifications for Overhead Track Systems

Specification of Underhung Cranes and Monorail Systems

       2.9     Hoist Manufacturers Institute (HMI).

HMI 100          Standard Specifications for Electric Wire-Rope Hoists

HMI 200          Standard Specifications for Hand Operated Chain Hoist

HMI 300          Standard Specifications for Manually Lever-Operated
                 Chain Hoists

HMI 400          Standard Specifications for Electric Chain Hoists

        2.10    Association of Iron and Steel Engineers (AISE).

AISE 4           Alloy Steel Chain and Alloy Steel Chain Slings for
                 Overhead Lifting

        2.11    Power Crane and Shovel Association (PCSA).

PCSA-1           Mobile Power Crane and Excavator Standards

PCSA-2           Mobile Hydraulic Crane Standards

        2.12    American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).

Wire Rope Users Manual

        2.13    American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC).

AISC            Manual of Steel Construction

        2.14    American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section V, "Nondestructive
       Examination"

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, "Welding and
    Brazing Qualifications"

3.      TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

     The following terms have special meaning in the context of this
standard. Additional terms relating to materials handling equipment and
the use of materials handling equipment are defined in 29 CFR, ANSI
B30, ANSI B56.1, SAE Ja94, CMAa 70 and 74, and the "Wire Rope Users
        a
~ a n u 1. "

    3.1 Certification,. A document,
traceable directly to the item(s) furnished by serial number (equip-
ment item handling fixture, or tackle item), heat number (materials),
or other identification, and signed by a responsible agent of the
manufacturer, testifying that the item(s) meets all specified require-
ments and including, when specified, documented evidence of satisfac-
tory completion of all supporting inspections, tests, special process
procedures, use of specified materials, and other specified require-
ments.

     3.2 Critical Item or Load. A part, component, assembly, or
other item identified as critical because dropping, upset, or colli-
sion of the item could:

     a.   Cause damage that would result in an unacceptable schedule
          de lay.

     b.   Cause undetectable damage that could jeopardize future opera-
          tion or safety of the system or facility.

     c.   Result in significant release of radioactive or hazardous
          material or create an undesirable condition.

     Critical items include any which require special attention in
handling because of size, weight, installation in close-tolerance
receptors, fragility, high susceptability to damage, or ocher unusual
factors.

     3.3 Critical Lift or Move. A hoisting operation in which a
critical item will be hoisted or moved, ot in which a noncritical item
will be hoisted or moved in an area where critical items could be
affected.

     3.4 Critical Service. The use of equipment or tackle for hoist-
ing, rigging, or handling of critical Class I or Class 11 loads.

     3.5 Equipment. A generic term including, for the purpose of
this standard, cranes, derricks, power-operated drum hoists, indus-
trial trucks, and other powered items used for hoisting, lowering,
and/or translating a load.

     3.6 Fixed Capacity Equipment. A crane or materials-handling
equipment whose load rating does not change with a change of load
orientatian relative to the structure of the equipment. Overhead
cranes and hoists, hammerhead cranes, and monorail cranes and hoists
are examples of fixed capacity equipment.
             3.7 Handling F i x t u r e . A c r a d l e , h a n d l i n g s t r u c t u r e , s p r e a d e r
I     b a r assembly, l i f t i n g f i x t u r e , yoke, s h i p p i n g f i x t u r e , o r c o n t a i n e r
      designed s p e c i f i c a l l y t o f a c i l i t a t e support, l i f t i n g , o r handling of a
      component d u r i n g f a b r i c a t i o n , l o a d i n g , s h i p p i n g , s t o r a g e , o r i n s t a l l a -
i     t ion.

                3.8 Independent Review. A formal review o f t h e t e c h n i c a l
      adequacy o f a d e s i g n , i t e m , f u n c t i o n , o r procedure by a person o f
 L
      recognized competence i n t h e d i s c i p l i n e i n v o l v e d who ( 1 ) was n o t
      i n v o l v e d i n t h e c r e a t i o n of t h e d e s i g n , i t e m , f u n c t i o n , o r procedure
      b u t who i s o r becomes i n t i m a t e l y f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e d e t a i l s o f t h e
      d e s i g n , i t e m , f u n c t i o n , o r procedure, and ( 2 ) i s n o t a member of t h e
:     o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n i t o r team t h a t c r e a t e d t h e d e s i g n , item, f u n c t i o n ,
a



'
2

j
      o r procedure. The independent r e v i e w e r may o r may n o t be a member of
      t h e same company a s t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n i t o r team r e s p o n s i b l e f o r
      t h e item, f u n c t i o n , o r procedure t o be reviewed.

              3.9     Live Load.
1                   3.9.1 For f i x e d c a p a c i t y equipment, l i v e load e q u a l s t h e hook
      l o a d , i n c l u d i n g t h e l o a d , t a c k l e , and h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e s s u p p o r t e d by
      t h e hook.

                     3.9.2 V a r i a b l e c a p a c i t y equipment (boom t y p e ) l i v e load e q u a l s
      a l l approved a c c e s s o r i e s supported by t h e r o p e ; i . e . , b l o c k s , b a l l s ,
      r i g g i n g , l o a d o b j e c t , e t c . On some c r a n e s t h e weight o f t h e rope p a s t
      t h e p o i n t s h e a v e s i s c o n s i d e r e d p a r t o f t h e l i v e load. The u s e o f
i     j i b s o r f i x e d boom e x t e n s i o n s a f f e c t s t h e l i v e load. Thus s p e c i f i c
 I
      c r a n e m a n u f a c t u r e r ' s i n s t r u c t i o n s s h a l l be followed f o r c a p a c i t y
      determinations.

                3.10 Load-Bearing P a r t . Any p a r t o f a h o i s t i n g o r m a t e r i a l s
-jl   h a n d l i n g equipment i t e m , h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e , o r t a c k l e assembly i n which
3     t h e induced stress i s i n f l u e n c e d by t h e load. A grirnary l o a d - b e a r i n g
4
J
      p a r t i s one i n t h e load t r a i n which, should i t f a l l , c o u l d r e s u l t i n
      dropping, u p s e t , o r u n c o n t r o l l e d motion o f t h e load. Load-bearing
      p a r t s which, i f f a i l e d , would r e s u l t i n no more t h a n s t o p p a g e o r mal-
1
7      f u n c t i o n o f t h e equipment a r e n o t primary load-bearing p a r t s .
                3.11 Load Rating. The maximum l i v e l o a d e s t a b l i s h e d by t h e
      manufacturer which a p i e c e o f h o i s t i n g equipment, i n d u s t r i a l t r u c k ,
      s l i n g , hook, s h a c k l e , o r t a c k l e assembly i s d e s i g n e d t o s a f e l y c a r r y .
      Some o t h e r terms used by t h e i n d u s t r y a r e r a t e d c a p a c i t y and r a t e d
      load.

               3.12 Lowest S e r v i c e Temperature (LsT). The lowest m e t a l temper-
      a t u r e a t which t h e equipment i s t o be p e r m i t t e d t o o p e r a t e under load.

               3.13 Person i n Charge (PIC). The person a p p o i n t e d t o have
      c o n t r o l o f t h e s a f e h a n d l i n g of c r i t i c a l l o a d s and s a f e h a n d l i n g o f
noncritical loads in, around, or above spaces in which critical items
are located.

     3.14 Public Carrier.   A company engaged in the public transporta-
tion of goods.

     3.15 Qualified Engineer. One whose competence in evaluation of
rigging and hoisting practices, and the specific type of equipment to
be employed in the lift or move, has been demonstrated.

    3.16 Qualified Inspector. One whose competence in the examination
and evaluation of the specific type of equipment to be inspected, such
as mobile cranes, overhead cranes, or tackle, has been demonstrated.

     3.17 Qualified Operator. One who meets the requirements of
paragraph 13.3 of this standard and has demonstrated his competence in
both the operation of the general class of equipment and in the
                                             - -
specific equipment to be used in the lift or move to the satisfaction
of the PIC.

     3.18 Qualified Rigger  - Qualified Rigging Specialist. One whose
competence in this field has been demonstrated by extensive experience
(including rigging and handling of items of a nature akin to the loads
to be handled) satisfactory to the PIC.

     3.19 Qualified Signaler. One who has satisfactorily demonstrated
his knowledge of the ANSI B30 hand signals to the PIC.

     3.20 Reduced Load Rating. A reduction of the manufacturer's
load rating, established by a User Facility, as a result of an inspec-
tion, engineering analysis, or current condition, or of precautionary
reasons determined by the User Facility; the maximum load that the
equipment or tackle is permitted ro handle while the reduced load
rating restriction is in effect.

     3.21 Tackle, Tackle Assembly. An assembly of hoisting and
rigging devices which support and control the load and is, in turn,
supported by the equipment.

     3.22 User Facility. The building or site at which'hoisting,
rigging, or component handling is to be conducted. Also the combina-
tion of organizational infrastructure, operating systems (e.g., a
reactor), and buildings or site which constitute an operational entity.

     3.23 Variable Capacity Equipment. A crane, derrick, or rnaterials-
handling equipment whose load rating changes with boom angle, load
radius, or other load-orientation change r+lative to the structure of
the equipment. Mobile cranes, derricks, and other boom-type equipment
and industrial trucks are examples of variable capacity machines.
              3.24 V e r i f i c a t i o n . A p r o c e s s i n which a d e s i g n , c a l c u l a t i o n ,
    drawing, p r o c e d u r e , i n s t r u c t i o n , r e p o r t , o r o t h e r document i s checked
    and s i g n e d o r i n i t i a l e d by one o r more p a r t i e s a s e v i d e n c e o f h a v i n g
    made such check. The p e r s o n ( s ) d e s i g n a t e d t o s i g n v e r i f i e s , based on
    p e r s o n a l o b s e r v a t i o n , examination o f c e r t i f i e d r e c o r d s , o r on d i r e c t
    r e p o r t s , t h a t a s p e c i f i c a c t i o n h a s been s a t i s f a c t o r i l y performed i n
    accordance w i t h s p e c i f i e d r e q u i r e m e n t s .

    4.      OSHA COMPLIANCE

              The p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s s t a n d a r d a r e a d d i t i v e t o t h e r u l e s and
    r e g u l a t i o n s o f t h e O c c u p a t i o n a l S a f e t y and H e a l t h A d m i n i s t r a t i o n
    (OSHA), a s s p e c i f i e d i n 29 CFR 1910 and 1926, and t o t h e r u l e s and
i   r e g u l a t i o n s o f s t a t e a g e n c i e s r e l a t e d t o s a f e o p e r a t i o n o f equipment.
    Where such r u l e s and r e g u l a t i o n s a p p e a r t o c o n f l i c t w i t h t h e r e q u i r e -
    ments o f t h i s s t a n d a r d , such c o n f l i c t s h a l l be r e s o l v e d by t h e PIC and
    t h e more c o n s e r v a t i v e r e q u i r e m n t s h o u l d be followed.

    5.      FAC ILITY-OWNED EQUIPMENT

              5.1 G e n e r a l . Design, c o n s t r u c t i o n , i n s t a l l a t i o n , m o d i f i c a t i o n ,
    maintenance, r e p a i r , and o p e r a t i o n o f a l l equipment used f o r h a n d l i n g
    c r i t i c a l l i f t s o f moves a s d e f i n e d i n 3.3 s h a l l , a s a minimum, comply
    w i t h t h e a p p l i c a b l e c h a p t e r o f AYSI B30, ANSI/ASME NOG-1, a p p l i c a b l e
    i n d u s t r y s t a n d a r d ( s 1 l i s t e d i n T a b l e 1, and a d d i t i o n a l r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
    t h i s S e c t i o n . P r o v i s i o n s o f t h o s e documents worded a s recomnendations
    s h a l l be followed f o r t h e purpose o f t h i s s t a n d a r d . H o i s t i n g machinery
    o f c r a n e s and derric!cs, where n o t s p e c i f i e d i n t h e a p p l i c a b l e s t a n d a r d s
    o f Table 1, s h a l l comply w i t h ANSI B30.7.                       I n d u s t r i a l t r u c k s t o be
    o p e r a t e d i n t h e v i c i n i t y o f c r i t i c a l i t e m s o r used t o move c r i t i c a l
    items, both a t t h e u s e r f a c i l i t y s i t e and a t s t o r a g e a n d / o r s h i p p i n g
    a r e a s s e r v i n g t h e User F a c i l i t y , s h a l l meet t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f P a r t 1        1
    o f ANSI B56.1 f o r t h e c l a s s o f work involved.

              5.2 New Equipment. H o i s t i n g equipment a s s i g n e d t o c r i t i c a l
    s e r v i c e s h a l l n o t have c a s t - i r o n o r d u c t i l e - i r o n drums ( e x c e p t l a g g i n g
    o r wear s u r f a c e s t h a t a r e under compression o n l y ) , hooks, s h e a v e s ,
    b l o c k s , b e a r i n g s , o r o t h e r primary load-bearing p a r t s . Equipment
    s h a l l be d e s i g n e d and assembled t o f a c i l i t a t e i n s p e c t i o n o f a l l
    s u r f a c e s o f primary load-bearing p a r t s w i t h o u t e x t e n s i v e d i s a s s e m b l y ;
    b r a k e s , c l u t c h e s , b l o c k s , and o t h e r p a r t s w i t h r o t a t i n g members t h a t
    c a n n o t . b e viewed w i t h o u t d i s a s s e m b l y s h a l l be d e s i g n e d t o permit
    periodic i n s p e c t i o n of hidden surfaces.

                 5.2.1       Design.

           a. Minimum d e s i g n f a c t o r s , based on u l t i m a t e s t r e n g t h , s h a l l b e
    3 f o r b r i d g e s , booms, and o t h e r s t r u c t u r a l members, and 5 f o r o t h e r
    primary load-bearing p a r t s .
                   Table 1.      Minimum equipment standards for
                              facility owned equipment.*

                                                  ANS I            Industry
    Type of Equipment                           Standard           Standard

    Overhead and Gantry Cranes
    Hammerhead Tower Cranes
    Portal, Tower, and Pillar Cranes
    Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes
    Derricks
    Base-Mounted Drum Hoists
     ono or ail and Underhung Cranes
    Controlled Mechanical Storage Cranes
    Mobile Hydraulic Cranes                                     PC SA- 2
    Overhead Hoists                                         HMI 100-400
    Cranes, Overhead and Gantry                                 CMAA-74
    Powered Industrial Trucks


    *Where additional requirements for particular equipment are needed a
.   qualified engineer shall specify the provisions necessary.


         b. The sheave and drum ratios and groove dimensions of Tables 9
    and 11, respectively, of the "Wire Rope Users Manual" are recommended;
    however, in no case shall a drum or sheave diameter less than that
    specified in the applicable standard listed in Table 1 above be used.

         c. Design of assemblies that incorporate furnished manufactured
    parts or subassemblies such as bearings, seals, gears, etc., shall
    utilize instructions or recommendations of the part/subassernbly aanu-
    facturer, and shall not permit overstressing of such parts beyond
    limits specified by the part/subassembly manufacturer.

         d. Parts that can be installed more than one way, where one or
    more of the ways could compromise the function of the part (e.g., a
    seal, coupling or bearing, etc.), should be avoidea in the design of
    equipment. When tinavoidable, markings shall be provided on such parts
    to guide proper installation, and appropriate instructions and precau-
    tionary notes shall be provided in the assembly and maintenance pro-
    cedures provided with the equipment.

         e. The load rating of the equipment shall not be greater than
    the load rating or allowable load of any single member of the load
    train, failure of which could cause failure or malfunction of the
    equipment (i.e., the rating of the equipment shall not be greater than
    the rating of its weakest link).
             5.2.2      Equipment Rigging. Wire rope used for standing and
    running rigging of cranes and derricks shall be independent-wire-rope-
                               he                                    Users
    core ( ~ ~ ~ c j - o f - tclassification (Table 1 of "Wire ~ o v e
    ~anual"), grade, and size specified by the equipment manufacturer and
    shall meet the requirements of the '-tire Rope Users Manual."          Load
    ratings shall be based on the nominal breaking strength for the classi-
    fication, grade, and size specified in the applicable table of Section
    6 of the "Wire Rope Users Manual" or shall be that recommended by the
    original equipment manufacturer. End fittings shall be of a permanent
    type with its load rating reduced by the applicable efficiency factor
    stated in Table 5, "Wire Rope Users Manual," or shall be the type
    recommended by the original equipment manufacturer. Fleet angles to
    and from all sheaves and drums shall be maintained within the recom-
    mended va1;es of the "Wire Rope Users Manual."

            5.2.3  Equipment Hooks. Only hooks of a design and manufacture
    approved or recommended by the equipment manufacturer shall be used.
    single hooks shall be forged; duplex and multiprong hooks may be forged
    or cast steel or machined from a forged or alloy-steel billet or bar,
    but shall not be flame- or plasma-arc-cut.  Make-shift and field-fabri-
    cated hooks shall not be used. The bowl of the hook shall be the arc
    of a circle, and gage points or a hook gage for measuring the spread of
    the hook shall be provided. Shanks may be of any design except that
    threaded shanks shall penetrate the supporting member of the load block
    and be held captive by a nut(s) with pin, cotter, or lock wire to
I
    prevent the hook from backing out; the hock design shall not place the
    pin, cotter, or lock wire in direct shear. Book design shall be based
    on a minimum design factor of 5, based on ultimate strength of the
    material and shall comply with ANSI B30.10.

         Each hoisting hook shall be fitted with a latch to bridge the
    hook opening to prevent the accidental release of slings or attachments.
    Hooks shall be designed to accommodate the latches, and the latches
    shall be substantially made. Latches shall be of a design that moves
    to the closed position automatically. Rooks without latches may be
    used in special applications where the latch interferes with proper use
    of the hook, providing (1) that the use of the hook is restricted to
    the application for which it was approved; and (2) procedural controls
    are maintained for their use (13.2).

            5.2.4  Protective Devices. Equipment used in critical service
    shall be equipped with protective devices that make it improbable for a
    hazardous or unstable condition to occur, or which signal the operator
    and provide him with the necessary warning and information to permit
    him to avoid a hazardous or unstable condition, or both. As a minimum,
    the protective and warning devices specified in 29 CFR 1910.179, 29 CFR
    1910.180, and 29 CFR 1926.550, as applicable to the type of equipment,
    shall be provided.
                  L o a d - i n d i c a t i n g o r l i m i t i n g d e v i c e s s h a l l be employed i f t h e l o a d
        t o be h a n d l e d i s more t h a n 75% o f t h e l o a d r a t i n g o f t h e equipment and
        i s o f u n c e r t a i n weight o r is n o t f r e e l y suspended ( e . g . , two c r a n e
        l i f t ) . Load i n d i c a t i n g o r l i m i t i n g d e v i c e s s h a l l be employed, r e g a r d -
        less o f w e i g h t , i f t h e r e i s any p o t e n t i a l f o r load-hangup o r i f t h e
        load w i l l be o u t o f s i g h t o f t h e equipment o p e r a t o r d u r i n g t h e l i f t .
        Load i n d i c a t i n g o r l i m i t i n g d e v i c e s a r e n o t r e q u i r e d f o r r o u t i n e
        o p e r a t i o n s where t h e l o a d s a r e known and r e l a t i v e l y c o n s i s t e n t . The
        a c c u r a c y and performance o f l o a d - i n d i c a t i n g d e v i c e s s h a l l meet t h e
        r e q u i r e m e n t s o f SAE 5376, and s h a l l be d e s i g n e d s o t h a t f a i l u r e o f t h e
        device cannot r e s u l t i n dropping, u p s e t , o r l o s s of c o n t r o l of t h e
        l o a d . The a c c u r a c y , f u n c t i o n , and r e a d a b i l i t y o f t h e d e v i c e s h a l l n o t
        be hampered o r o b s t r u c t e d by a t t a c h m e n t s t o t h e d e v i c e o r t o t h e
        equipment. The d e v i c e s h a l l be s e l e c t e d s o t h a t t h e e s t i m a t e d hook
        l o a d l i e s between 10% and 70% o f t h e i n s t r u m e n t r a n g e .

                        5.2.5 Threaded F a s t e n e r s and Members. Nuts, b o l t s , p i n s , and
        o t h e r members which, s h o u l d t h e y l o o s e n o r d r o p o f f , c o u l d p l a c e t h e
        load o r any p a r t i n t h e l o a d t r a i n a t h a z a r d , o r which c o u l d d r o p i n t o
        a c r i t i c a l component o v e r which t h e equipment may p a s s , s h a l l be
        pinned, c o t t e r e d , lock-wired, o r o t h e r w i s e f i x e d t o p r e v e n t them from
        l o o s e n i n g and b a c k i n g o f f . Tack w e l d i n g , i f employed f o r such p u r p o s e ,
,   .   s h a l l conform t o t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f Annex A l . The u s e o f t h r e a d e d
        f a s t e n e r s and such members i n t e n s i o n s h a l l b e avoided e x c e p t f o r
        hooks d e f i n e d i n 5.2.3.

                 5.2. h      F i x e d C a p a c i t y Equipment.

                 a . The h o i s t i n g system s h a l l be d e s i g n e d o r s e l e c t e d s o t h a t a t
        l e a s t two f u l l dead wraps o f r o p e ( o r c h a i n , f o r c h a i n h o i s t s ) remain
        on t h e drum a t t h e lowest hook l e v e l .

                 b. H o i s t i n g systems o f g r e a t e r t h a n two ( 2 ) t o n load r a t i n g s h a l l
        have two ( 2 ) i n d e p e n d e n t d e v i c e s t o p r e v e n t o r a v o i d two-blocking
        a n d / o r p r e v e n t l o a d d r o p i n t h e e v e n t o f two-blocking.

                  c . H o i s t i n g systems o f equipment, o t h e r t h a n s m a l l one ( 1 ) t o n
        o r l e s s l o a d r a t i n g commercially a v a i l a b l e equipment, s h a l l h a v e , i n
        a d d i t i o n t o t h e normal load h o l d i n g b r a k e s , a n o t h e r means t o p o s i -
        t i v e l y c o n t r o l a n d / o r l o c k t h e h o i s t i n g machinery t o p r e v e n t
        uncontrolled lowering of t h e load.

                 d. Stops, l i m i t switches with audible and/or v i s u a l alarms, o r
        o t h e r approved means o f p r e v e n t i n g o r s i g n a l i n g p o t e n t i a l o v e r t r a v e l
        s h a l l be p r o v i d e d on a l l t r a v e l i n g - h o i s t and t r a c k e d equipment.
        Energy-absorbing bumpers, of a d e s i g n approved by t h e equipment manu-
        f a c t u r e r , s h a l l b e i n s t a l l e d a t t h e end o f b r i d g e and t r o l l e y r a i l s ;
        t h e bumpers s h a l l be c a p a b l e o f a b s o r b i n g t h e f u l l power-on e n e r g y o f
        t h e t r o l l e y o r b r i d g e , r e s p e c t i v e l y , a t f u l l speed w i t h o u t l o a d .
         e. Welding and nondestructive examination of welds shall meet
    the requirements of Annex A1 of this standard.

         f. All metals used in the fabrication of primary load-bearing
'   parts shall be traceable, via documentation or process controls main-
    tained by the equipment manufacturer, to specific heats and/or lots of
    material. Unless otherwise specified in the procurement documents,
    certified (by the materials manufacturer) mill reports identifying the
    grade, properties, and chemistry relative to the applicable materials
    standard, shall be furnished to the purchaser of the equipment.

,           5.2.7   Variable Capacity Equipment.

         a. Hydraulic boom-hoist mechanisms shall be equipped with power-
    down lowering only. Hydraulic telescoping booms shall be equipped
    with a boom-length indicator meeting the requirements of SAE 31180, an
    electronic or mechanical boom-angle indicator meeting the requirements
        .E
    of S4 3375, and an anti-two-blocking device.

         b. Mechanical lattice boom cranes shall be equipped with auxil-
    iary ratchet and pawl (which should be engaged) to prevent inadvertent
    lowering of the boom or load when operating at fixed radius. These
    booms shall be equipped with boom-hoist power disengaging devices and
    boom stops conforming to the requirements of SAE 3999 and 3220,
    respectively.

         c. Mechanical booms shall be equipped with boom-angle or radius-
    of-load measuring systems meeting the requirements of SAE 3375, swing
    angle indicators and an anti-two blocking device or anti-two blocking
    device and warning system.

       - Boom-angle and radius-of-load indicators shall be used
       Note:
       for approximation only, and shall not relieve the operator
        from his responsibility for determining the actual ioad
        radius (using a rule or tape measure) during critical lift
        situations.

         d. Mechanical lattice boom cranes shall be equipped with limit
    switches or boom kickouts which limit the uppermost movement (i.e.,
    highest boom angle) of the base section of the boom. These devices
    shall be adjusted to disconnect the hoisting mechanism before the boom
    stops are fully compressed. The function of these devices is to reduce
    severe boom damage and prevent load drop in the event that the boom
    stops are engaged suddenly.

            5.2.8  In-Containment Cranes. In addition to the requirements
    of this section (5.21, new cranes permanently installed in a reactor
    containment, over a fuel handling pool, or other location which would
    bring it under the jurisdiction of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission if
it were a c o m e r c i a 1 facility, the requirements of NUREG 0554 should be
considered, this includes, but is not limited to the following:

0   primary load-bearing parts, except the bridge structure, trolley
    structure, and hoist-wire rope-drum shall be dual or shall be
    provided with an independent load path which would prevent dropping
    of the load in the event of any single-component failure.

0   The reeving shall consist of at least two equalized wire rope
    systems, each capable of supporting the load with minimal
    uncontrolled movement in the event of rope Eailure in .either
    system.

0   The hoisting system shall be equipped with a mechanical
    load-limiting device independent of the hoist control, or shall be
    equipped with sensing devices and emergency power cut-off to the
    hoist which senses an approaching two-block condition and prevents
    it from occurring.

o   The wire rope reeving shall be designed so that the hoist rope will
    not be cut or crushed at any point in the event of a two-block or
    near two-block.

    Hoist-drive machinery and holding brakes shall be dual or single
    with emergency drum-brake combined with mechanical and/or electrical
    overload protection.

    If the crane has an auxiliary hoist, the auxiliary hoist shall
    meet the same requirements as the main hoist. Materials certifica-
    tions shall be furnished (5.2.6f).

     5.2.9 Hot Cell, Cave, and Canyon Cranes. In addit ion to the
requirements of this section (5.21, the crane shall be capable of remote
operation from a control station external to the hot cell, cave, or
canyon. Lubricants, seals, and other non-metallic materials shall be
radiation resistant and shall be installed in a manner to permit
replacement remotely by means of electro-mechanical manipulators; by
personnel wcrking through glovebox gloves in a maintenance position
located adjacent to the hot cell, cave, or canyon wall; or other remote
means. Parts subject to wear and periodic replacement should be
similarly installed to pernit remote maintenance and/or replacement.
Solid state controls and switches shall not be used inside the hot cell,
cave, or canyon. Solid state devices are subject to degradation in a
radiation environment. Material certifications shall be furnished
(5.2.6g).

      - The requirements of this paragraph are preliminary.to
      Note:
      subgroup of the NE F 8-6 Writing Group has been assigned
                                                                       4

      develop the special requirements needed for hot cell, cave,
      and canyon cranes; these requirements will be included in a
      future issue of the standard.
            5.2.10  Commercial Hoists and Cranes, 10 Tons and Less. Off-the
    shelf hoists and cranes with no cast load-bearing parts may be used up
    to their load ratings. Hoists and cranes with cast housings and chain
    hoists with cast sheaves (but no other cast load-bearing parts) may be
    used for Class I critical lifts only when down-rated to 80% of their
    load rating when so used. Roller chain hoists are not reconmended for
    critical service because of the inability to fully inspect the chain
    parts. The hoist mechanism of any crane or hoist shall require the
    application of power to lower the load, and shall sustain the full rated
    load at all points of hook travel. Wire-rope cranes and hoists shall
    have steel sheaves. Chain hoists shall have pockets that fit the chain
    links. Load-bearing sheaves shall be supported between anti-friction
    bearings that are either lubricated for life or fitted with grease
    fittings and relief plugs. Load-bearing chain shall be alloy steel
    meeting the requirements of AISE 4 Wire rope shall be IWRC and meet
                                      .
    the recommendations of the "Wire Rope Users Manual."   Roller chain, if
    used, shall meet the requirements of ANSI B29.1, B29.2, or B29.3. Chain
    buckets are strongly recommended on chain hoists; when used, they shall
    have sufficient capacity to accomodate all of the chain when the hook is
    in the full-up position, and shall have redundant attachments to the
    hoist body designed to prevent drop of the bucket or the chain in the
    event of failure of either attachment.

         5.3 Existing Equipment. Existing equipment obtained for or
    assigned to critical service shall be reviewed and evaluated by a quali-
    fied-engineer and shall be modified to bring it into conformance with
    5.2 to the extent practical. All modifications shall be approved by the
    manufacturer of the equipment (or a qualified engineer if the manufac-
    turer is no longer in business). The equipment shall be inspected and
    tested in accordance with Section 9 of this standard before it is placed
    in service.

         5.4 Repaired and Modified Equipment. In addition to the require-
    ments of ~                 g                                 n
                                                e repaired or modified prior
    to or in              for' use in critical service shall be inspected and
    evaluated prior to use in that service. Such inspection and evaluation
    shall be made by the original equipment manufacturer or by a qualified
    engineer (if the manufacturer is no longer in business) unless satis-
    factory evidence of such inspection and evaluation is provided. All
    reconrmendationa resulting from that inspection and evaluation shall be
    implemented before the equipment is placed in service.

    6.   CONTRACTOR-OWNED EQUIPMENT
I
         Contractor-owned and   rental equipment used for handling a critical
    lift or move (3.3) at the   User Facility site and at off-site shipping
    and storage areas serving   the User Facility shall meet the requirements
I   of this Section; shall be   inspected and tested, during the period of
assignment during which critical lifts or moves are to be made, in
accordance with Section 9; and shall be operated, during that period, in
accordance with Section 12; and subject to the quality assurance
requirements of Section 13. This requirement shall apply to both equip-
ment routinely assigned to critical service and to equipment only
occasionally assigned to critical service.

     6.1 General. Equipment shall, as a minimum, comply with the
applicable chapter of ANSI 830 and the applicable industry standard(s1
listed in Table 1 and the additional requirements of this Section.
Provisions of those documents worded as recommendations shall be
followed for the purpose of this standard. Hoisting machinery of
cranes, derricks, and temporary hoisting assemblies, where not speci-
fied in the applicable standards of Table 1, shall comply with ANSI
830.7. Industrial trucks to be operated in the vicinity of critical
items or used to move critical items, both at the User Facility site and
at storage and shipping areas serving the User Facility, shall meet the
requirements of Part I1 of ANSI 856.1 for the class of work involved.

     6.2 Load Rating. Equipment shall not have cast-iron or ductile-
Cron drums, gear cases, hooks sheaves, blocks, bearings, or other
primary load-bearing parts. Exceptions may be lagging or wear surfaces
that are under compression only. All parts in the load train except
structural members (booms, bridges, etc.), wire ropes, and hooks shall
be designed so that the load will not drop or that control of the load
will not be lost in the event of failure of the part. Equipment that
does not meet these requirements shall be down-rated, during the time
employed in User Facility operations, including non-critical service
intermediate to periods employed in critical service, to 80% of its load
rating. This reduced load rating shall be marked on the equipment and
at the operator's console in place of the original equipment load rating
marking, and shall not be exceeded while the equipment is employed in
either critical or intermediate non-critical service (between periods of
critical service).

      6.3 Equipment Rigging. Wire rope used for standing and running
 sigging of cranes, derricks, and temporary hoisting assemblies shall be
 .ndependent-wire-rope-core (IWRC) of the classification (Table 1 of
"Wire Rope Users Manual"), grade, and size specified by the original
equipment manufacturer and shall meet the requirements of the "Wire Rope
Users Manual."   Load ratings shall be based on the nominal breaking
strength for the classification, grade, and size specified in the appli-
cable table of Section 6 of the "Wire Rope Users Manual." End fittings
shall be of a permanent type with its load rating reduced by the appli-
cable efficiency factor stated in Table 5, "Wire Rope Users Manual," or
shall be the type recommended by the original equipment manufacturer.
Fleet angles to and from all sheaves and drums shall be maintained
within the recommended values of the "Wire Rope Users Manual."
                       6.4 Equipment Hooks. Hooks s h a l l be o f a d e s i g n and manufacture
 '
.I
    t        approved o r recommended by t h e equipment manufacturer.                                S i n g l e hooks
    1        s h a l l be f o r g e d ; d u p l e x and m u l t i p r o n g hooks may be f o r g e d o r c a s t
%   1
'i           s t e e l o r machined from a forged o r a l l o y s t e e l b i l l e t o r b a r , b u t s h a l l
4
:
*            n o t be flame- o r plasma-arc-cut.                    Make-shift and f i e l d - f a b r i c a t e d hooks
             s h a l l n o t be used. The bowl o f t h e hook s h a l l be t h e a r c o f a c i r c l e ,
4
-\
             and gage p o i n t s o r a hook gage f o r measuring t h e s p r e a d o f t h e hook
             sha-11 be p r o v i d e d . Shanks may be o f any d e s i g n e x c e p t t h a t t h r e a d e d
             shanks s h a l l p e n e t r a t e t h e s u p p o r t i n g rnember o f t h e load b l o c k and be
             h e l d c a p t i v e by a n u t ( s ) w i t h p i n , c o t t e r , o r l o c k r i r e t o p r e v e n t t h e
             hook from b a c k i n g o u t ; t h e hook d e s i g n s h a l l n o t p l a c e t h e p i n , c o t t e r ,
1
    '2
             o r l o c k r i r e i n d i r e c t s h e a r . Hook d e s i g n s h a l l be based on a minimum
             d e s i g n f a c t o r o f 5 , based on u l t i m a t e s t r e n g t h o f t h e m a t e r i a l and
             s h a l l comply w i t h ANSI B30.10.
     9
    2                        6.4.1      Hook Latches. H o i s t i n g hooks s h a l l be f i t t e d w i t h a                  1
             l a t c h t o b r i d g e t h e hook opening t o p r e v e n t t h e a c c i d e n t a l r e l e a s e o f
        \    s l i n g s o r a t t a c h m e n t s . Hooks s h a l l be designed t o accomodate t h e

    5
        .    l a t c h e s , and t h e l a t c h e s s h a l l be s u b s t a n t i a l l y made. Latches s h a l l be
             o f a d e s i g n t h a t moves t o t h e c l o s e d p o s i t i o n a u t o m a t i c a l l y . Hooks
             without l a t c h e s may be used i n s p e c i a l a p p l i c a t i o n s where t h e l a t c h
             i n t e r f e r e s w i t h p r o p e r u s e o f t h e hook, p r o v i d i n g ( 1 ) t h a t t h e u s e o f
             t h e hook i s r e s t r i c t e d t o t h e a p p l i c a t i o n f o r which i t was approved;                       -7
         i   and ( 2 ) p r o c e d u r a l c o n t r o l s a r e maintained f o r t h e i r u s e (13.2).
                                                                                                                                    ,   -'
                                                                                                                                I

         q             6.5 P r o t e c t i v e Devices. Equipment used i n c r i t i c a l s e r v i c e s h a l l
         I   be equipped w i t h p r o t e c t i v e and warning d e v i c e s t h a t e i t h e r make i t
         i   improbable f o r a hazardous o r u n s t a b l e c o n d i t i o n t o o c c u r , o r which
             s i g n a l t h e o p e r a t o r and p r o v i d e him w i t h t h e n e c e s s a r y warning and
        2    i n f o r m a t i o n t o permit him t o a v o i d a hazardous o r u n s t a b l e c o n d i t i o n ,
             o r both. A s a minimum t h e p r o t e c t i v e and warning d e v i c e s s p e c i f i e d i n
             2TCFR 1910,179, 1910.180, and 1926.550, a s a p p l i c a b l e t o t h e t y p e o f
             equipment, s h a l l be provided.

                       Load-indicating o r l i m i t i n g d e v i c e s s h a l l be employed i f t h e load
             t o be handled i s more than 75% o f t h e load r a t i n g o f t h e equipment and
             i s o f u n c e r t a i n weight o r i s n o t f r e e l y suspended ( e . g . , two-crane
             l i f t ) . Load i n d i c a t i n g o r l i m i t i n g d e v i c e s s h a l l be employed, regard-
             l e s s o f w e i g h t , i f t h e r e i s any p o t e n t i a l f o r load-hangup o r i f t h e
             load w i l l be o u t o f s i g h t o f t h e equipment o p e r a t o r d u r i n g t h e L i f t .
             Load i n d i c a t i n g o r l i m i t i n g d e v i c e s a r e not r e q u i r e d f o r r o u t i n e opera-
             t i o n s where t h e l o a d s a r e known and r e l a t i v e l y c o n s i s t e n t . The
             accuracy and performance o f l o a d - i n d i c a t i n g d e v i c e s s h a l l meet t h e
             r e q u i r e m e n t s o f SAE 3376, and s h a l l be designed s o t h a t f a i l u r e o f t h e
             d e v i c e cannot r e s u l t i n dropping, u p s e t , o r l o s s of c o n t r o l o f t h e
             load. The a c c u r a c y , f u n c t i o n , and r e a d a b i l i t y o f a l o a d - i n d i c a t i n g
             d e v i c e s h a l l n o t be hampered o r o b s t r u c t e d by a t t a c h m e n t s t o t h e d e v i c e
             o r t o t h e equipment. The d e v i c e s h a l l be s e l e c t e d s o t h a t t h e
             e s t i m a t e d load a p p l i e d t o t h e i n s t r u m e n t l i e s between 10% and 70% o f
             t h e i n s t r u m e n t range.
                       6.6 Threaded F a s t e n e r s and Members. Nuts, b o l t s , p i n s , and o t h e r
             members which, s h o u l d t h e y l o o s e n o r d r o p o f f , c o u l d p l a c e t h e load o r
             any o t h e r p a r t i n t h e l o a d t r a i n a t h a z a r d , o r which c o u l d d r o p i n t o a
             c r i t i c a l component o v e r which t h e equipment may p a s s , s h a l l be p i n n e d ,
             c o t t e r e d , l o c k - w i r e d , o r o t h e r w i s e f i x e d t o p r e v e n t them from l o o s e n i n g
             and backing o f f . Tack w e l d i n g , i f employed f o r such p u r p o s e , s h a l l
             conform t o t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f Annex A l . The u s e o f t h r e a d e d f a s t e n e r s
             and such members i n t e n s i o n s h a l l be avoided e x c e p t f o r hooks d e f i n e d
             i n 6.4.

                     6.7     Fixed C a p a c i t y Equipment.

                         6.7.1 The h o i s t i n g system s h a l l be d e s i g n e d o r s e l e c t e d s o
             t h a t a t l e a s t two f u l l dead wraps of r o p e ( o r c h a i n , f o r c h a i n h o i s t s )
             remain on t h e drum a t t h e lowest hook l e v e l .

                           6.7.2     H o i s t i n g systems o f g r e a t e r than two ( 2 ) t o n s load
             r a t i n g s h a l l have two ( 2 ) independent upper l i m i t d e v i c e s t o p r e v e n t o r
             avoid two-blocking a n d / o r p r e v e n t load d r o p i n t h e e v e n t o f two-
             blocking.

                           6.7.3       H o i s t i n g systems o f equipment, o t h e r t h a n s m a l l one ( 1 )
             t o n o r l e s s load r a t i n g commercially a v a i l a b l e equipment, s h a l l h a v e ,
             i n a d d i t i o n t o t h e normal load h o l d i n g b r a k e s , a n o t h e r means t o p o s i -
             t i v e l y c o n t r o l a n d / o r l o c k t h e h o i s t i c g machinery t o p r e v e n t
             uncont t o 1 l e d l o w e r i n g o f t h e l o a d .

                             6.7.4     Stops, l i m i t switches with a u d i b l e and/or v i s u a l alarms,
             o r o t h e r approved means o f p r e v e n t i n g o r s i g n a l i n g p o t e n t i a l o v e r t r a v e l
             s h a l l be p r o v i d e d on a l l t r a v e l i n g - h o i s t and t r a c k e d equipment. Energy
             a b s o r b i n g bumpers, o f a d e s i g n approved by t h e equipment m a n u f a c t u r e r ,
             s h a l l be i n s t a l l e d a t t h e end o f t h e b r i d g e and t r o l l e y r a i l s ; t h e
             bumpers s h a l l be c a p a b l e o f a b s o r b i n g t h e f u l l power-on e n e r g y o f t h e
             t r o l l e y o r b r i d g e , r e s p e c t i v e l y , a t f u l l speed w i t h o u t l o a d .

                            6 . 7 . 5 The h o i s t mechanism o f any c r a n e o r h o i s t used f o r
             c r i t i c a l s e r v i c e s h a l l r e q u i r e t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f power t o lower t h e
             l o a d , and s h a l l s u s t a i n t h e f u l l r a t e d load a t a l l p o i n t s o f hook
             t r a v e l . Wire-rope c r a n e s and h o i s t s s h a l l have s t e e l s h e a v e s . Chain
             h o i s t s s h a l l have p o c k e t s t h a t f i t t h e c h a i n l i n k s . Load-bearing
             s h e a v e s s h a l l be s u p p o r t e d between a n t i - f r i c t i o n b e a r i n g s t h a t a r e
             e i t h e r l u b r i c a t e d f o r l i f e o r f i t t e d w i t h g r e a s e f i t t i n g s and r e l i e f
             p l u g s . Load-bearing c h a i n s h a l l be a l l o y s t e e l meeting t h e r e q u i r e -
             ments of AISE 4. Wire rope s h a l l meet t h e reccmrnendations of t h e "Wire
             Rope Users Manual. R o l l e r c h a i n , i f u s e d , s h a l l meet t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
             o f ANSI B29.1, B29.2, and B29.3.                          Chain b u c k e t s a r e s t r o n g l y recom-
             mended on c h a i n h o i s t s ; when u s e d , t h e y s h a l l have s u f f i c i e n t c a p a c i t y
             t o accomodate a l l o f t h e c h a i n when t h e hook i s i n t h e f u l l - u p p o s i t i o n ,
j.
     . .-.   and s h a l l have redundant a t t a c h m e n t s t o t h e h o i s t body t o p r e v e n t d r o p
             o f t h e bucket o r c h a i n i n t h e e v e n t of f a i l u r e o f e i t h e r a t t a c h m e n t .
        6.7.6 Fixed capacity equipment, 10 tons capacity and less,
that are off-the-shelf hoists and cranes with no cast load-bearing
parts may be used up to the limit of their load ratings. Hoists and
cranes with cast housings and crane hoists with cast sheaves (but no
other cast load-bearing parts) may be used for Class I critical lifts
only when down-rated to no more than 80% of their load ratings when so
used (6.2). Roller-chain hoists are not recommended for critical
service because of the inability to fully inspect the chain parts.

     6.8   Variable Capacity Equipment.

        6.8.1  Hydraulic boom-hoist mechanisms shall be equipped with
power-down lowering only. Hydraulic telescoping booms shall be
equipped with a boom-length indicator meeting the requirements of
SAE 51180, an electronic or mechanic boom-angle indicator meeting the
requirements of SAE 5375, and an anti-two-blocking device.

        6.8.2 Mechanical lattice boom cranes shall be equipped with
auxiliary ratchet and pawl (which should be engaged) to prevent
inadvertent lowering of the boom or load when operating at fixed radius.
These booms shall be equipped with boom-hoist power disengaging devices
and boom stops conforming to the requirements of SAE 5999 and 5220,
respectively.

        6.8.3  Mechanical booms shall be equipped with boom-angle or
radius-of load measuring systems meeting the requirements of SAE 5375,
swing angle indicators and an anti-two-blocking device or an anti-two
blocking device and warning system.

    - for approximation radius-of-load indicators shall be
    Note: Boom-angle and
    used                 only, and shall not relieve the
     operator -from his responsibility for determining the actual
     load radius (using a rule or tape measure), during critical
     lift situations.

        6.8.4 Mechanical lattice boom cranes shall be equipped with
limit switches or boom kickouts which limit the uppermost movement
(i.e., highest boom angle) of the base section of the boom. These
devices shall be adjusted to disconnect the hoisting mechanism before
the boom stops are fully compressed. The function oE these devices is
to reduce severe boam damage and prevent load drop in the event that
the boom stops are engaged suddenly.

     6.9 Temporary Hoisting Assemblies, Jacks, and Load Positioners.
Temporary hoisting assemblies, jacks, and load positioners, when used,
shall meet the requirements of 8.1 and 8.2, respectively.
     6.10 Repaired and Modified Equipment. In addition to the
requirements of Section 9, equipment that has been repaired or modified
prior to or in preparation for use in critical service shall be
inspected and evaluted prior to use in that service. Such inspection
and evaluation shall be made by the original equipment manufacturer or
by a qualified engineer (if the manufacturer is no longer in business)
unless satisfactory evidence of such inspection and evaluation is
provided. All recommendations resulting from that inspection and eval-
uation shall be implemented before the equipment is placed in service.

7.   FABRICATOR-OWNED EQUIPMENT

     Fabricator-owned equipment used for handling parts or subassem-
blies for critical components, or for handling completed critical
components, shall be shown to meet all applicable requirewents of OSHA
and cognizant state regulatory bodies, and to be in good operating con-
dition and capable of reliably handling the loads to be imposed.
Records and test reports verifying such conformance shall be provided
to the purchaser's representative on request. When specified by the
purchaser, a load test at 125% of the live load (not to exceed 100% o f
the load rating of the equipment) shall be made prior to specified
critical lifts except that i f the equipment is routinely used in
handling loads equal to or greater than this live load test value
and has made such lifts within the previous six months, no load test
will be required. Load tests, when reauired, shall be in accordance
with 9.1.5.

     7.1 Invoking of the Standard. The purchaser will speci.fy for
which components and beginning at what point in the fabrication
sequence that the application of this standard will be required. The
following criteria should be considered in identifying items subject to
special procedures and controls during hoisting and handling in
accordance with this standard.

     1.   Lifting, upending, or repositioning of final-machined parts or
          finished components weighing 2000 lbs. or more.

     2.   Lifting, moving, or repositioning of nonsymmetrical parts or
          components, weighing 100 lbs. or more, at any.stage of
          fabrication.

     3.   Final assembly and/or testing of finished components or
          subassemblies weighing 100 lb or more.

     4.   Unusual configuration, such as very long shafts or assemblies
          which require special rigging (e.g., strongbacks) or support
          to prevent damage.
     5.   Any load carried over an assembly stand or area where final-
          machined parts, subassemblies, or components being manu-
          factured for the purchaser are being worked on, assembled,
          inspected or stored.

     7.2 Other Requirements. The quality assurance provisions of
Section 13 apply to all lifts and moves covered by this standard (7.1).
Inspection and tests of fabricator's equipment used in lifts and moves
covered by this standard shall be shown to be in compliance with
Section 9. Operational requirements of Section 12 are not mandatory
[unless title for the item(s) being fabricated passes to the purchaser
while the item(s) is under the physical control of the fabricator], but
are recommended as good practice. Section 12 shall become mandatory
when title passes to purchaser.

8.   MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT

     8.1 Temporary Hoisting Assemblies. Gin poles, lifting frames,
temporary overhead crane or hoist supports, winch-driven hoisting or
swinging tackle, and other field-erected assemblages not covered by
ANSI B30 used for one-time erection or placement of components, shall
be designed or selected on the basis of a design factor of at least 3
based on ultimate strength for structural members and 5 for all primary
load-bearing parts. Structural design shall, as a minimum, be in
accordance with the AISC structural steel specification and the applic-
able standard listed in Table 1. Design shall be by a qualified
engineer and shall be supported by engineering drawings that show
details of all parts of the assembly, including the orientation of all
anchors, blocks, clevises, shackles, and other rigging accessories at
each stage of the move or erection and load vectors on each part of the
assembly at each stage of the move or erection.

     Pitch diameters of blocks and sheaves, including load-reversing
sheaves, shall comply with the recommendations of the "Wire Rope Users
~anual." Winching machinery shall meet at least the requirements of
ANSI B30.7.  In addition to the normal holding brake new facility owned
winching machinery shall be equipped with electrodynamic braking, mech-
anical load brake, or other device to prevent uncontrolled lowering of
the load. Although not required, use of this redundant braking system
on contractor owned winching equipment is strongly recommended. At
least two wraps of rope shall remain on the drum at the lower limit of
travel. Guys and standing rigging shall be Loaded in accordance with
ANSI B30.6 but in no case more than 33.3: of the nominal breaking
strength listed for the size, type, grade, and core of wire rope in the
?wire Rope Users Manual." Hoisting ropes and running rigging shall be
loaded to no more than 20% of the nominal breaking strength listed in
the "Wire Rope Users Manual." Hoisting, swinging, and pulling systems
shall be laid out so that the maximum fleet angle to a drum is 3-1/2
degrees, and the maximum fleet angle to a nonpivoting sheave is 1-1/2
degrees. Cranes and derricks shall not be used for side pulls. Hoists
shall be fitted with power-disengaging limit switches to prevent
two-blocking.              When s p e c i f i e d by t h e p u r c h a s e r , a l o a d - i n d i c a t i n g o r
l o a d - l i m i t i n g d e v i c e s h a l l be p r o v i d e d . A l l d r a w i n g s and s t r e s s
a n a l y s e s s h a l l be c e r t i f i e d by a q u a l i f i e d e n g i n e e r and t h e y t h e n s h a l l
be approved by t h e p u r c h a s e r and a q u a l i f i e d e n g i n e e r .

          The a s s e m b l y s h a l l be d e s i g n e d f o r a t l e a s t 125% o f t h e p r o i e c t e d
l i v e l o a d and s h a l l be l o a d - t e s t e d a t 110% o f t h e a c t u a l l i v e l o a d i n
a c c o r d a n c e w i t h 9 . 1 . S , b e f o r e making t h e move o r l i f t f o r which i t was
d e s i g n e d . A l l w i r e r o p e , r i g g i n g a c c e s s o r i e s , and t a c k l e used i n t h e
assembly s h a l l comply w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f S e c t i o n 10. A l l a n c h o r
w e l d s and o t h e r c r i t i c a l w e l d s s h a l l be l i q u i d p e n e t r a n t o r m a g n e t i c
p a r t i c l e i n s p e c t e d b e f o r e and a f t e r t h e l o a d t e s t i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h ,
and s h a l l meet t h e a c c e p t a n c e c r i t e r i a o f , Annex A l .            Following load
t e s t i n g , t h e c o m p l e t e a s s e m b l y s h a l l be checked by a q u a l i f i e d e n g i n e e r
o r q u a l i f i e d i n s p e c t o r , paying p a r t i c u l a r a t t e n t i o n t o welds, p a r t s
which c a n t w i s t , s t r e s s p o i n t s , and j o i n t s o f t h e assembly. Any d i s t o r -
t i o n o f any member s h a l l be c a u s e f o r r e p l a c e m e n t and r e d e s i g n o f t h a t
member o f t h e a s s e m b l y . Tie-downs, k i c k e r s , and o t h e r p a r t s t h a t c o u l d
come l o o s e s h a l l be s a f e t y - w i r e d .

                8.1.1      Equipment Rigging. Wire r o p e used f o r s t a n d i n g and
r u n n i n g r i g g i n g o f t h e a s s e m b l y , i n c l u d i n g guy w i r e s , s h a l l be i n
a c c o r d a n c e w i t h 5.2.2 e x c e p t f i b e r c o r e (FC) r o p e may be used f o r guy
wires.

               8 . 1 . 2 Equipment Hooks. Kooks s h a l l be o f a d e s i g n and
m a n u f a c t u r e recommended by a c r a n e m a n u f a c t u r e r , and s h a l l meet t h e
requirements o f 5.2.3.

                8.1.3        P r o t e c t i v e D e v i c e s . P r o t e c t i v e d e v i c e s s h a l l be a s
s p e c i f i e d by t h e h o i s t i n g assembly d e s i g n e r and as recommended by t h e
                  e n g i n e e r o r engineering- o r g a n i z a t i o n i n t h e independent review
o f t h e d e s i g n . A l o a d - i n d i c a t i n g o r l o a d - l i m i t i n g d e v i c e s h a l l be
employed i f t h e l o a d t o be h a n d l e d i s more t h a n 75X o f t h e l o a d r a t i n g
o f any p a r t o f t h e assembly i n t h e l o a d t r a i n and i s o f u n c e r t a i n w e i g h t ,
o r i s n o t f r e e l y suspended d u r i n g t h e l i f t o r move. A load- i n d i c a t i n g
o r l o a d - l i m i t i n g d e v i c e s h a l l be employed, r e g a r d l e s s o f w e i g h t , i f
t h e r e i s any p o t e n t i a l f o r l o a d hang-up o r i f t h e l o a d w i l l be o u t o f
s i g h t o f t h e equipment o p e r a t o r d u r i n g t h e l i f t o r move. The a c c u r a c y
and p e r f o r m a n c e o f t h e l o a d - i n d i c a t i n g d e v i c e s h a l l meet t h e r e q u i r e -
ments o f SAE 5376, and t h e d e v i c e s h a l l be d e s i g n e d and i n s t a l l e d s o
t h a t f a i l u r e of t h e device cannot r e s u l t i n dropping, u p s e t , o r l o s s of
c o n t r o l o f t h e l o a d ; t h e a c c u r a c y , f u n c t i o n , and r e a d a b i l i t y o f t h e
d e v i c e s h a l l n o t be hampered o r o b s t r u c t e d by a t t a c h m e n t s t o t h e d e v i c e
o r t o t h e e q u i p m e n t . The d e v i c e s h a l l be s e l e c t e d s o t h a t t h e e s t i m a t e d
l o a d on t h e i n s t r u m e n t l i e s between 10% and 70% o f t h e i n s t r u m e n t
range.
     8.2 Jacks and Load Positioners. Jacks, load-leveling systems, and
load positioners shall be designed so that failure will not result in
                               -
dropping, upset, or loss-of-control of the load or contamination oE the
load by the working fluid. Jacks shall meet the requirements of
ANSI 530.1. Jacks made from wrought or cast steel shall be load-tested
at 125% of the assigned load; the test load shall be maintained for at
least 15 minutes for hydraulic and 5 minutes Eor mechanical. Ratchet
jacks and jacks made from cast iron shall not be used for critical
service.

9.   EQUIPMENT INSPECTION AND TEST

     9.1 General. The organization or company responsible for making
the lift or move shall make or have made all inspections and tests o f
equipment and equipment standing and running rigging, and shall comply
with the specified acceptance criteria and instructions for repair or
corrective action resulting from such inspection and test needed to
place or return the equipment to a satisfactory operating condition.

     Facility-owned and contractor-owned equipment shall be inspected
and tested in accordance with this section.

     Fabricator-owned equipment shall be inspected and tested in
accordance with the requirements of Table 3 at intervals approved by the
U. S. Department of Labor and cognizant state agencies, or as required
by this Section when stipulated by the purchaser. Certified evidence of
such inspection and test (3.1) shall be made available to the purchaser
on request. In addition, when specified in the purchase documents,
fabricator-owned equipment shall be load tested in accordance with
9.1.5, and shall be inspected before and after the load test and actual
lift in accordance with 9.1.3 and 9.1.4.

         9.1.1 Major Service and Inspection. Equipment shall be disas-
sembled as n e c e s n t e r v a l s specified in Table 2
by a qualified inspector (3.16).  Major service and inspection shall
include all points and items covered by the equipment manufacturer's
recommendations and/or service manual, periodic inspection in accordance
with 9.1.2, load-testing in accordance with 9.1.5, and nondestructive
testing of hooks in accordance with 9.3 and, when directed by the
inspector, of welds, bearings, or other suspect parts. The nondestruc-
tive examination shall be in accordance with Annex 1. Annual mainte-
nance recommended by the manufacturer should be carried out prior to or
during major inspection.

        9.1.3  Annual Condition Report (ACR) Inspection. Equipment in
operational status vill be inspected by a qualified inspector (3.16) at
intervals specified in Table 2. As a minimum, the inspection shall meet
the requirements specified in the applicable standards and regulations
listed in Table 3 and cover all points of potential wear, distortion,
and deformation. Sufficient disassembly to verify that hidden parts are
                                  Table 2.     Minimum Frequency of Inspection and T e a t , Equipment i n C r i t i c a l S e r v i c e

                                      Major S e r v i c e and                 Annual Condition
C l a r a of Equipment                I n r p e c t i o n Report              Report I n r p e c t i o n                Frequent I n r p e c t i o n                Load T e r t

Temporary h o i r t i n g             Before e r e c t i o n a t              A f t e r load t e a t and                Before each u r e .                   Polloving e r e c t i o n
araembly ( a t e 8 . 1 ) ;            ure location.                           a f t e r any c r i t i c a l o r                                               but b e f o r e i n i t i a l u r e .
crane, o r handling                                                           c lore-to-capac i t y                                                           Teat a t 1252 of load.
equipment t e m p o r a r i l y                                               lift
aaaigned t o c r i t i c a l
rervice.

Facility-owned                        Upon i n a t a l l a t i o n            Annually f o r equipment                  Before t h e f i r r t u r e          Upon i n a t a l l a t i o n o r
equipment      -                      o r saaignment; a f t e r               i n operational a t a t u r ;             each r h i f t and b e f o r e        a r r i g w n t ; a f t e r major
acceptance.                           major r e p a i r . over-               before r e t u r n t o r e r v i c e      each c i a o r 1 l i f t o r          repair, overhaul, o r
                                      haul, o r modification;                 f o r equipment o u t of                  love.                                 modification t e a t a t
Facility-owned                        and a f t e r 3000 hour0                renice.                                                                         1252 (1102 f o r mobile)
equipment                             of o p e r a t i o n o r 5                                                                                              o f load rat in^. Then a t
i o rervice.                          yearrs uhichever             ,          Annually.                                                                       a minima f r e q u e o c ~ f     o
                                      comta f i r a t .                                                                                                       3000 h r r o f o'peration o r
                                                                                                                                                              5 year0 which e v e r coaer
                                                                                                                                                              f i r a t . t e a t a t 1002 o f
                                                                                                                                                              lead rating.

Cootrrctor-owned                      Ar r e q u i r e d by                   Upon a r r i g n m t n t ; a f t e r      Before t h e f i r r t u r e          Upom a r r i g n m t n t ; a f t e r
equipment.                            OSHA and r t a t e                      major r e p a i r , o v e r h a u l ,     each a h i f t ; before               major r e p a i r , o v e r h a u l ,
                                      regulationr.                            o r m o d i f i c a t i o n ; and a t     each c l a r r 1 l i f t o r          o r aodification teat a t
                                                                              12 month i o t e r v a l a                mve.                                  1252 (1102 f o r mobile)
                                                                              during p e r i o d of a a r i g n -                                             of load r a t i n g . Before
                                                                              ment; a f t e r load t e a t .                                                  C l a r r 1 l i f t o r move
                                                                                                                                                              when r e q u i r e d by PIC o r
                                                                                                                                                              job r p e c i f i c a t i o n t e a t
                                                                                                                                                              a t LOO2 of load r a t i n g .

Fabricator-owned                      Ar r e q u i r e d by                   Ar r e q u i r e d by OSHA and             Before any move or.                  Ar r e q u i r e d by OSHA and
equipment.                            OSHA and a t a t e                      atate regulationr; a f t e r               l i f t of P u r c h a r e r r o r   a t a t e regulationr;
                                      regulationa.                            load t e a t r p e c i f i e d by          component, f o l l o u i n g         othervire not required
                                                                              job r p e c i f i c a t i o n              t h r t point i n f a b r i -        u n l e r r r p e c i f i e d i n job
                                                                                                                         c a t i o n where                    rptcification.
                                                                                                                         r c h e d u l e r uould be
                                                                                                                         r e v e r l y impacted by
                                                                                                                         a drop.

NOTE:     Equipment ured o n l y p a r t time i n c r i t i c a l r e r v i c e r h a l l be i n r p e c t e d and t e r t e d a t t h e i n t e r v a l r noted above f o r
          c r i t i c a l r e r v i c e throughout t h e c a l e n d a r period d u r i n g which t h e e q u i p a c n t i r a r r i g n e d p e r i o d i c a l l y t o c r i t i c a l
          aervice.

          Hourr of o p e r a t i o n    -time t h e e q u i p m n t i r i n u r e , not i n c l u d i n g period.
          i d l e o r out of r e r v i c e .
                                                                                                                                       a
                                                                                                                            d u r i n ~ work r h i f t when t h e equipmtnt i r
in satisfactory condition shall be employed. Major disassembly and
nondestructive examination are not required unless a defect or noncon-
formance is discovered that indicates a need for more extensive examina-
t ion.

     Lubrication, adjustment, cleaning, and other routine and preventive
maintenance recornmended by the equipment manufacturer and the documents
listed in Table 3 shall be carried out at the time of inspection. Wear,
deflections, and deformations discovered during the course of the
inspection shall be compared to corresponding values reported during
previous ACR inspections, and shall be used as the basis for recommenda-
tions for repair or replacement of parts. An independent review (3.8)
shall be made of the inspection report and its findings. The report of
the independent review shall be documented and certified (3.1).   All
findings, both of satisfactory and unsatisfactory conditions and of
repairs or replacements made as a result of the inspection and proof-
load test, shall be entered in the ACR.

          9.1.3  Frequent Inspection. All hoisting and materials handling
equipment in use shall be inspected at the intervals specified in Table
2 by the equipment operator in accordance with requirements for
II frequent inspection" of the documents listed in Table 3; and shall be

monitored continuously by the operator while in use to ensure that it is    i

operating properly. Any unusual condition or noise shall be investi-
gated and, if the cause cannot be identified, immediately reported to
the operator's supervisor and the PIC.

          Table 3.    Minimum requirements for annual condition
                     report and frequent inspections

                               Inspection Requirements in Accordance with
Type of Equipment               29 CFR         ANSI 830        ANSI 856.1

Overhead and Gantry Cranes     11910.179
Hammerhead Tower Cranes        11910.179
Portal, Tower, and Pillar
   Cranes                      11910.179
Derricks                       11910.181
Base Mounted Drum Hoists       11310.179
Floating Cranes and Derricks   11910.180
Monorail Systems and
   Underhung Cranes            11910.179
Crawler, Locomotive a n d ,
   Truck Cranes                11910.180
Mobile Hydraulic Cranes        11910.180
Overhead Hoists                11910.179
Powered Industrial Trucks      11910.178
Overhead and Gantry Cranes     Y1910.179
                9.1.4      F u n c t i o n a l Requirements.       Equipment s h a l l o p e r a t e w i t h a
smooth and r e g u l a r m o t i o n w i t h o u t h e s i t a t i o n , abnormal v i b r a t i o n , bind-
i n g , g r o s s shinnny, o r i r r e g u l a r i t y . T h e r e s h a l l be no a p p a r e n t damage,
e x c e s s i v e w e a r , o r d e f o r m a t i o n o f any p a r t o f t h e e q u i p m e n t ; b r a k e s
s h a l l work s a t i s f a c t o r i l y and d u r i n g m a j o r i n s p e c t i o n and l o a d t e s t ,
h o l d i n g b r a k e s s h a l l be a b l e t o h o l d a n y l o a d up t o a t l e a s t 125% o f t h e
r a t e d l o a d o f t h e e q u i p m e n t , i n any o r i e n t a t i o n and d u r i n g any normal
movement o f t h e e q u i p m e n t , w i t h o u t s l i p p i n g o r o v e r h e a t i n g . A l l p r o t e c -
t i v e d e v i c e s , l o a d i n d i c a t o r s , boom-angle and r a d i u s i n d i c a t o r s ,
c o n t r o l s , and o t h e r o p e r a t i n g p a r t s o f t h e equipment s h a l l be checked
d u r i n g e a c h i n s p e c t i o n and s h a l l b e i n good working o r d e r . B o l t s ,
f a s t e n e r s , s h a c k l e p i n s , and s i m i l a r small p a r t s s h a l l be checked and
t i g h t e n e d i f n e c e s s a r y , and s h a l l be r e p l a c e d i f t h e y show a n y s i g n o f
damage o r d i s t o r t i o n . C o t t e r p i n s , i n t e r f e r e n c e - f i t p i n s , and o t h e r
i t e m s t h a t must be d i s t o r t e d i n u s e , s h a l l be r e p l a c e d e a c h t i m e t h e y
a r e removed, and s h a l l n o t be r e u s e d . A l l d e f e c t s s h a l l be c o r r e c t e d o r
r e p a i r e d b e f o r e t h e equipment i s r e t u r n e d t o s e r v i c e . P a r t s found t o be
d e f e c t i v e as t h e r e s u l t o f any i n s p e c t i o n o r n o n d e s t r u c t i v e e x a m i n a t i o n
s h a l l be d e s t r o y e d and r e p l a c e d .

                9.1.5         Load T e s t i n g . Equipment s h a l l be l o a d - t e s t e d a t t h e
i n t e r v a l s s p e c i f i e d i n T a b l e 2 a n d , when s p e c i f i e d i n t h e p r o c e d u r e
b e f o r e l i f t i n g a n y C l a s s I Load. Load t e s t s s h a l l be c o n d u c t e d i n
a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e a p p l i c a b l e document l i s t e d i n T a b l e 3 and t h e e q u i p -
ment m a n u f a c t u r e r ' s i n s t r u c t i o n s and recommendations.                 Load t e s t s s h a l l
be made i n a n a r e a where no c r i t i c a l i t e m s o r equipment f o r h a n d l i n g
c r i t i c a l i t e m s a r e s t o r e d , i n s t a l l e d , o r b e i n g worked on.              Before
s t a r t i n g t h e l o a d t e s t , equipment s h a l l be i n s p e c t e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h
9.1.3.          D e f e c t i v e p a r t s s h a l l be r e p l a c e d o r r e p a i r e d b e f o r e s t a r t i n g
t h e l o a d t e s t , as s p e c i f i e d i n 9.1.4.

          a . A c c e p t a n c e Load T e s t Requirements.                 Prior t o acceptance for
c r i t i c a l s e r v i c e equipment s h a l l be l o a d t e s t e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h
a p p l i c a b l e documents i n T a b l e 3 ( e x c e p t t e s t l o a d s s h a l l n o t be moved
o v e r c r i t i c a l equipment o r components). The l o a d s h a l l be l i f t e d a few
i n c h e s and h e l d f o r 5 m i n u t e s ; l i f t e d a d i s t a n c e o f a t l e a s t two wraps
on t h e l o a d drum and h e l d f o r 5 m i n u t e s ; t h e n lowered. The t e s t l o a d
s h a l l be h e l d a t one o r more i n t e r m e d i a t e l e v e l s d u r i n g h o i s t i n g and
l o w e r i n g f o r s u f f i c i e n t t i m e t o v e r i f y t h a t t h e equipment c a n o p e r a t e
p r o p e r l y and w i t h o u t s l i p p a g e . I n b o t h a r a i s i n g and' a l o w e r i n g c o n d i -
t i o n , power t o t h e h o i s t i n g m a c h i n e r y s h a l l be c o m p l e t e l y t u r n e d o f f and
t h e b r a k e s checked t o v e r i f y s a t i s f a c t o r y f u n c t i o n i n g o f t h e b r a k i n g
system. T h e r e s h a l l be no s l i p p a g e o f t h e l o a d o r o v e r h e a t i n g o f t h e
b r a k e s a f t e r a t l e a s t 5 m i n u t e s o f power-off.              Following t h e load t e s t ,
v e r i f y t h a t no l o a d - b e a r i n g p a r t , v i s i b l e and i n t e r n a l g e a r , s e a l ,
s h a f t , b e a r i n g , b r a k e s h o e , o r o t h e r p a r t s u b j e c t t o wear o r d i s t o r t i o n
h a s been a d v e r s e l y a f f e c t e d by t h e t e s t . The t e s t s s h a l l be made by t h e
o p e r a t o r who n o r m a l l y o p e r a t e s t h e e q u i p m e n t , i f p o s s i b l e , and s h a l l , i n
a d d i t i o n t o t e s t i n g t h e equipment, demonstrate t h e o p e r a t o r ' s p r o f i -
c i e n c y i n c o n t r o l l i n g t h e l o a d d u r i n g a l l l a t e r a l , r o t a t i o n a l , and
vertical motions that may be encountered during service. At least once
while lowering, at a height of about 5 ft above the floor (ground),
disconnect the main power source; the load shall stop immediately, and
there shall be no slippage of the load or overheating of the brakes
after two minutes of power-off.

     b. Periodic Load Test Requirements. Equipment shall be tested in
the same manner as for Acceptance Load Testing except that all loads
shall be 100% of load rating or reduced load Gating:

     9.2 Equipment Rigging. Running and standing rigging of facility-
owned and contractor-owned equipment shall be inspected and tested in
accordance with this section, Kunning and standing rigging of
fabricator-owned equipment shall be inspected and tested as specified in
9.1.

        9.2.1  Major Inspection. Running and standing rigging shall be
inspected as part of equipment major inspection (9.1.1).

        9.2.2 Annual Inspection. Running and standing rigging shall be
inspected as part of the ACR inspection (9.1.2) or more frequently, when
required because of its activity, severity of service, or operating
environment. Rope in contact with equalizer sheave shall be pulled to a
position where it can be inspected for damage and wear, and the sheave
bearing inspected for wear.

        9.2.3  Frequent Inspection. Running and standing rigging shall
be visually inspected (9.1.3) at the beginning of each shift. Hoisting
ropes, in addition, shall be visually inspected before the start of any
lift of Class I load.

        9.2.4 Inspection Requirements. Major inspections shall include
examination of the entire length of the rope, using magnification as
necessary in questionable areas. "Annual Condition Report," frequent,
and prelift inspections shall be made by running out only as much of the
rope as necessary to visually examine at least the portions of the rope
that are flexed frequently in passing over sheaves and drums and other
areas subject to wear and abrasion. Major and annual inspections shall
be made by a qualified inspector (3.16).  Inspection and wear limita-
tions for chain shall be in accordance with and meet the requirements of
AISE 4. Wire rope shall be inspected in accordance with and meet the
requirements of Appendix A of SAE 3959, the applicable chapter of ANSI
B30, and Section 5 of the "Wire Rope Users Manual."  There shall be no
internesting, birdcaging, high stragds or other of the conditions noted
in the "Wire Rope Users Manual." Trained personnel shall perform the
inspections.

        9.2.5  Load Test. Running and standing rigging shall be load
tested as part of the equipment to which they are attached; separate
load tests are not required.
     9.3 Equipment Hooks. Hooks shall be inspected and nondestruc-
tively examined, in accordance with applicable provisions of Annex Al,
at least once a year and upon assignment. Disassembly for NDE is not
required unless specified in the procedure. ' e& n specified, hooks shall
be removed from their blocks and all surfaces, including the shank,
thrust washer(s1, nut, and bearing (if provided), shall be examined.
All hooks shall be inspected for damage, corrosion, undue wear, cracks,
twists, and opening. Opening may be checked with a hook gage based on
the dimensions of the new hook or by measuring the distance between
reference points marked on the hook at (1) the axis of the hook at the
tip and ( 2 ) at the intersection of the axis of the hook and the axis of
the shank, looking at the side of the hook. Hook swivels shall be
lubricated at least annually.

                               Hooks shall be replaced if ( 1 ) there are
                               evidence of excessive wear (a decrease o f
5% or more of the original thickness of the hook or elongation of the
shank); (2) the hook has opened more than 5% of its original opening; or
( 3 ) the prong has twisted more than 5 degrees from the original plane of
the hook. Replaced hooks shall be destroyed or returned to the equip-
ment manufacturer for rework to the original specifications. Local
repair or modification, including grinding, cutting, bending, welding,
or heat-treatine, is prohibited.

     9.4 Corrective Action. All deficiencies identified as the result
of any inspection that affect any primary load-bearing part or proper
functioning of the equipment shall be corrected before returninn the
equipment ;o service, unless a qualified inspector (3.16) advises that
the condition is such that it can be tolerated until the next scheduled
inspection or maintenance. Where a deficient condition is identified,
the cause of the condition shall be determined and corrective action
scheduled to prevent a recurrence of the condition; corrective action
should be completed within 6 months at the most.

     9.5 Records   --Facility-Owned and Contractor-Owned Equipment.
The organization or company responsible for operation of the equipment
shall maintain current records of all tests, inspections, operator
qualifications, modifications, and repairs of equipment and accessories
covered by this standard. Records shall contain, as a minimum, the
following information:

     1.   Equipment identification or serial number.

     2.   Date o f inspection or test.

     3.   Term or phrase describing equipment.
    4. Extent of inspection or test.

     5.   Identification of procedures or instructions used for
          inspection or .test.

     6.   Results of inspection or test, including any nonconformances
          disclosed and corrective action taken (items retained in
          service 1.

     7.   Report of failure, or defect, assignable cause, and corrective
          action taken, if applicable.

     8.   Sketch of test configuration, identifying accessories used,
          loads, etc.

     9.   Name of equipment operator.

    10.   Name and signature of inspector or engineer conducting the
          test.

    11.   Organization who employs inspector or engineer conducting the
          test.

    12.   Signatures of persons who verify the inspection or test,
          including name of organization to which they belong and date of
          verification.

        9.5.1  Reporting of Deficiencies. Deficiencies discovered
during inspection or test shall be immediately reported and a written
report of the deficiency shall be prepared as required in 9.5.

        9.5.2  Retention of Inspection and Test Records. All inspection
and test reports shall be retained in a central location by the organi-
zation or company responsible for operation of the equipment during the
period such equipment is assigned to critical service, and shall be made
available to the representative of the purchaser, to the PIC, and to any
authorized inspector on request.

        9.5.3  Inspection and Test Procedures. All inspections shall be
conducted in accordance with written procedures, instructions, or check
lists, and conformance shall be verified in accordance with Section 13.
Load tests shall be conducted in accordance with written procedures
identifying the items and weights to be used, the manner of attachment
and use, hoisting speeds, and other variables that will influence the
results of the test. Compliance with test ptoc)edures shall be verified
in accordance with Section 13.
10.   TACKLE AND HANDLING FIXTURES

     Tackle and handling fixtures used with facility-owned and
contractor-owned equipment in handling Class I and Class 11 loads shall
conform to the requirements of this Section. Handling fixtures fabri-
cated by a component supplier to be furnished with a critical component
shall also conform to the requirements of this Section. The provisions
of this Section are recommended for use with fabricator-owned equipment;
as a minimum, tackle used with such equipment shall meet the applicable
requirements of 29 CFR 1910.184 (slings).

     10.1 Wire Rope. Wire rope used for slings and tackle assemblies
shall be independent-vire-rope-core (IWRC) wire rope of the classifica-
tion able 1 of "Wire Rope Users ~anual"), grade, and size specified in
the rigging diagram, in the procedure, or hy the PIC. Load ratings
shall be based on the nominal breaking strength for the class, grade,
and size specified in the applicable table of Section 6 of the "Wire
Rope Users Manual. " Dimens ions and tolerances shall be in accordance
with the "Wire Rope Users Manual."

     10.2 Slings. Slings used with all classes of equipment shall be
made of wire rope meeting the requirements of 1C. 1; of woven uire mesh
meeting the requirements-specifi& by the user and certified by the
sling manufacturer; or of alloy-steel chain meeting the requirements o f
ANSI 830.9 and AISE 4, and certified by the sling manufacturer. Non-
metallic slings may be used only as specified in 10.2.3, below. Eyes in
wire-rope slings shall be made by bending the rope around a thimble
having a D/d (ratio of thimble inside diameter to rope diameter) ratio
of at least 3, as shown in Fig. 2. The dead end shall be fixed to the
body by either a hand-tucked splice or a fitting as shown in Fig. 2;
soft-metal splicing sleeves, wedge sockets or wire rope clips shall not
be used. Fittings shall be attached with a thimble eye or by one of the
methods shown in Fig. 2, and shall meet the requirements of 10.4. The
working load of the sling, in the configuration in which i t is to be
used, shall not exceed the load rating specified in ANSI 830.9 and 29
CFR 1910.184, reduced by the applicable efficiency factor shown in Table
5 of the "Wire Rope Users Manual." When slings of types and configura-
tions not covered by ANSI 830.9 or 29 CFB 1910.184 are to be used, the
sling manufacturer shall be consulted for certified load ratings for the
intended application and sling configuration.

        10.2.1 Sling Identification. Slings for hoisting critical
loads shall be identified with a permanent, durable tag fixed to the
body of the sling. Tags may be removed from the sling during the period
it is used over an open reactor vessel or other critical component, at
the discretion of the PIC, but shall be replaced on completion of such
use. The tag shall show the information specified in ANSI 830.9.
         (d)   leer u   fb;mbI-   Irk.




     Fig. 2    Splicing and fitting-attachment methods for wire rope
               ("Wire Rope Users Manual" Table 5 ) .




         10.2.2 Splicing of Slings. Slings shall not be spliced
together to form a longer sling. Slings to be joined end-to-end shall
have ends conforming to Fig. 2 a, b, and c. Wire rope slings with
open-loop eyes (i.e., made without thimbles) shall not be used for
handling critical loads.

          10.2.3 Nonmetallic Slings. Where it is necessary to use
nonmetallic slings for equipment protection, ease of handling, or to
prevent electrical grounding, synthetic fiber rope, netting, or
woven-cloth slings may be used when specified in the approved procedure
(12.1.2).     Natural-fiber materials shall not be used for slings or for
supporting critical components. Maximum working loads for new
synthetic-fiber rope slings shall be in accordance with the sling
manufacturer's certified ratings. Synthetic fiber slings :al !l    not be
used if there is any danger of them being cut, pinched, abraded, frayed,
chemically attacked, or otherwise damaged during the lift. Synthetic
fiber slings used in radiation environments of 200 mr/hr or more, shall
be inspected before each use and shall be discarded (destroyed) and
replaced if they show any evidence of radiation damage.
      Synthetic netting, webbing, and woven-cloth slings shall be factory
made and shall be marked or coded to show the name of the manufacturer,
type of material, load rating, and due date of the next scheduled load
test.

           -
     10.3 Hooks. Only hooks designed and manufactured by a recognized
hook manufacturer or equipment manufacturer shall be used. Hook design
                       .   -


shall be based on a minimum design factor of 5, based on ultimate
strength of the material and shall comply with ANSI B30.10.  Only forged
hooks shall be used.

     10.4 Tackle Accessories. Shackles, rings, links, turnbuckles,
hooks, and other tackle accessories shall be forged from either carbon
or alloy steel; shall meet the requirements of FED-SPEC RR-C-271; and
shall meet the materials and strength requirements of applicable ASTM
forged materials standards. Shackles shall be of screwed, bolted, or
oval-pin type. Pins of screwed type items and nuts of bolted type items
shall be cottered or secured with safety wires. Round (loose) pin
shackles, with or without safety wires, shall not be used. Shackles,
links, and rings shall be large enough to accormnodate the number and
size of fittings or sling legs far the proposed tackle configuration
without binding when the fittings or sling legs are in their service
orientation. Shackles, rings, links, and other tackle accessories shall
be designed to withstand a load of 2 times the load rating of the
accessory without permanent deformation. Maximum working loads shall be
no greater than 202 of the ultimate strength or 80Z of the load speci-
fied for alloy steel in FED-SPEC RR-C-271 or AISE 4 , whichever is less.
All accessories used for Class I lifts shall be certified by the
accessory manufacturer as to materials and load capacity.

         10.5 Hydraulic Load Positioners. Load positioning devices (e.g.,
~ y d r o s e t s )shall be essentially self-contained and designed to raise and
lbwer any weight within their ioad rating throughout their entire design
range, with travel controllable within at least 0.001 in. Local
controls and provision for remote control shall be provided. The device
shall have a mechanical design factor of at least 5 .

     10.6 Tackle Assemblies. Components of tackle assemblies shall be
selected or designed so that the test load of 11.5 does not stress any
component in excess of 20% of its ultimate strength. Wire rope, chain,
hooks, accessories, and other components of the tackle assembly shall
comply with the cpplicable subpart of this Section.

        10.6.1 M                 .
                           u Si-Lengle-,    two-, or three-leg slings
should be used insofar as practicable. If a four- or greater-leg sling
must be used, the design should incorporate equalizers, turnbuckles, or
other adjusting devices to make the load distribution statically deter-
minate (a statically indeterminate sling or tackle assembly is one in
which one or more members must deform, within its elastic limit, in
order to balance the load on all legs).
        10.6.2  Special Requirement for Statically Indeterminate
Assemblies. When a four- or greater-leg, statically indeterminate sling
or tackle assembly must be used, it shall be designed to meet the stress
requirement of 10.6 under the test load requirements for statically
indeterminate assemblies of 11.5.1.

     10.7 Tag Lines. Synthetic or natural fiber rope may be used as
guide or steadying lines with approval of the PIC.

     10.8 Hoisting and Handling Fixtures. Components of spreader bars,
and other handling fixtures, shall be selected or designed so that the
maximum static load encountered in service (excluding the test load of
11.5) does not stress any part of them in excess of 20X of the ultimate
strength of the base material or welds. Rings, links, wire rope,
clevises, turnbuckles, grab hooks, shackles, and other manufactured
components shall meet the requirements of 10.4. Lifting eyes, eye-
bolts, hinged or swivel slinging eyes, and other attachments provided
for lifting, tying down, or upending the fixture and its associated
component, shall meet'the requirements of Annex A3. Primary load-
bearing parts of handling fixtures and spreaders fabricated from
ferritic materials shall meet the lowest service temperature (LST)
requirements of Annex A2 and shall be sufficiently 'ductile to permit
safe handling at the ambient temperature existing at the time of handl-
ing. The handling fixture shall be clearly marked to indicate the
lowest service temperature (LST) at which it shall be used as determined
in accordance with Annex A2. Cast iron or ductile iron shall not be
used for any primary load bearing part. Nuts, bolts, eye-bolts, shackle
pins, and other threaded parts shall be pinned, cottered, safety-wired,
or otherwise secured to prevent them from loosening or dropping off.

         10.8.1 Design. Spreader bars, lifting beams, and other
structural members shall be designed and fabricated in accordance with
Part 1 of the AISC Structural Steel Specification except Section 1.5.1.1
and 1.5.1.2 of that specification shall be changed as follows:

     1.   Allowable tensile stresses on the net section, except at    (1)
          pin holes shall be: Ft = 0.50 Fy

                               Ft = allowable tensile stresses;

                               Fy   a   yield strength of material.

     2.   Allowable tensile stresses on the net section at pin        (2)
          holes shall be: Ft = 0.35 Fy.                                 1

     3.   Allowable shear stresses on net section                     (3)



                           Fs = Allowable shear stress
          S t r u c t u r a l s h a p e s s h a l l be c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a nominal t h i c k n e s s o f
          less t h a n 5 / 8 i n . i f a l l s e c t i o n t h i c k n e s s e s , i n c l u d i n g t h a t o f ehe web
          and a v e r a g e t h i c k n e s s o f t h e f l a n g e , a r e less t h a n 5 / 8 i n . A l l welds
          and b e a r i n g s u r f a c e s o f t h e c o m p l e t e d h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e s h a l l b e
          a c c e s s i b l e f o r n o n d e s t r u c t i v e e x a m i n a t i o n i n s o f a r a s p o s s i b l e . Handling
          f i x t u r e s assembled w i t h removable f a s t e n e r s o r p i n s may be d e s i g n e d t o
          be d i s a s s e m b l e d f o r s u c h examinat i o n .

                          10.5.2 Welding. Welding, i n c l u d i n g t a c k w e l d s , s h a l l meet t h e
          r e q u i r e m e n t s o f , and b e n o n d e s t r u c t i v e l y examined i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h ,
          t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f Annex A l .

                          10.8.3 Lowest S e r v i c e Temperature. An LST s h a l l b e e s t a b l i s h e d
          as r e q u i r e d i n Annex A2. The LST s h a l l be made p a r t o f t h e d e s i g n
          s p e c i f i c a t i o n f o r t h e h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e o r l i f t i n g a s s e m b l y o r a n LST
          l o a d t e s t s h a l l be performed, and s h a l l be e q u a l t o o r lower t h a n t h e
          LST s t i p u l a t e d i n t h e s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . The LST s h a l l be l e g i b l y marked
          on t h e h a n d l i n g F i x t u r e o r l i f t i n g assembly a t a l o c a t i o n which c a n be
          e a s i l y s e e n b y t h e u s e r i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h Annex A2.               I f n o t marked, t h e
          f i x t u r e s h a l l n o t be used below 60" F.

                    10.9 Threaded Members. Handling f i x t u r e s i n which one member i s
. .. ..   t h r e a d e d i n t o a n o t h e r s h a l l be p r o v i d e d w i t h means t o p o s i t i v e l y p r e v e n t
          b a c k i n g o u t o f t h e t h r e a d e d member. The c o n d i t i o n o f t h e t h r e a d - l o c k i n g
          d e v i c e s h a l l be checked a t e a c h i n s p e c t i o n and b e f o r e e a c h u s e o f t h e
          handling device.                I f t h e d e s i g n o f t h e i t e m t o be l i f t e d w i l l make lock-
          ing of threaded j o i n t s o f t h e handling d e v i c e i m p r a c t i c a b l e , t h e condi-
          t i o n of such t h r e a d e d j o i n t s s h a l l be checked e a c h t i m e t h e h a n d l i n g
          f i x t u r e i s u s e d . A r e q u i r e m e n t f o r v e r i f i c a t i o n s h a l l be i n c l u d e d i n
          t h e h a n d l i n g p r o c e d u r e , r i g g i n g d i a g r a m , and c h e c k l i s t . I f s e v e r a l
          l i f t s a r e t o be made d u r i n g a g i v e n u s e o f t h e d e v i c e , c o n d i t i o n o f t h e
          t h r e a d e d j o i n t s h a l l b e checked b e f o r e e a c h l i f t . Tack w e l d i n g a s a
          method o f p r e v e n t i n g t h e b a c k i n g o u t o f t h e t h r e a d e d member i s pro-
          h i b i t e d unless authorized.                  Tack w e l d i n g , i f employed, s h a l l conform t o
          t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f , and s h a l l b e examined i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e
          r e q u i r e m e n t s o f Annex A l .

          11.                                         N
                    INSPECTION AND TESTING OF TACKLE A D HANDLING FIXTURES

                    Tackle, t a c k l e assemblies and/or accessories, handling f i x t u r e s ,
          and o t h e r t a c k l e i t e m s used w i t h Class I o r Class 1 l o a d s s h a l l be
                                                                                                1
          i n s p e c t e d and t e s t e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h i s S e c t i o n a t t h e f r e q u e n c i e s
          s p e c i E i e d i n T a b l e 4.

                    11.1 Annual C o n d i t i o n Report (ACR). The Annual C o n d i t i o n Report
          (ACR) i n s p e c t i o n s h a l l c o n s i s t o f a d e t a i l e d e x a m i n a t i o n o f a l l p a r t s o f
          t h e t a c k l e i t e m , t a c k l e a s s e m b l y , o r h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e . When a l o a d t e s t
          i s s c h e d u l e d , t h e ACR i n s p e c t i o n s h a l l f o l l o w t h e l o a d t e s t . The
          i n s p e c t i o n s h a l l i n c l u d e n o n d e s t r u c t i v e e x a m i n a t i o n (Annex A l l o f hooks,
          r i n g s , e y e - b o l t s , s h a c k l e s , and o t h e r t a c k l e a c c e s s o r i e s , and a l l welds
in the load train of handling fixtures. Magnification shall be employed
to supplement visual inspection at the option of the inspector. ACR
inspections shall be by a qualified inspector (3.16).

     11.2 Periodic Inspection. The periodic inspection shall consist
of a detailed examination of all parts of the tackle item, tackle
assembly, or handling fixture by  aqualified rigger or rigging specialist.

     11.3 Frequent Inspection. Frequent inspection shall consist of an
examination of all parts of the tackle item, tackle assembly, or hand-
ling fixture by           conducting the lift or move at the-beginning
of the shift in which it is to be used, or iauaediately preceeding use
during the shift.

     11.4   Inspection Requirements.

          11.4.1 Slings. Annual Condition Report Inspection shall
include an examination of the entire sling. Wire rope shall be inspected
in accordance with and meet the requirements of Appendix A of SAE 5959,
the applicable portions of ANSI B30.9, and Section 5 of the "Wire Rope
Users Manual." Excessive wear or any of the conditions illustrated in
the ''Wire Rope Users Manual" shall be cause for rejection of the sling.
Excess lubricant shall be removed if it interferes with inspection.          ..
Chain slings shall be inspected in accordance with and meet the require-
ments of AISE 4, ASTM A 391, A 466, and A 467, whichever is applicable.
All deficiencies shall be noted and a determination shall be made as to
whether the sling or defective sling parts should be replaced. Wire
rope shall be cleaned and lubricated at each inspection. Nonmetallic
slings and ropes shall be visually inspected in accordance with ANSI
B30.9 and the sling manufacturer's recoauaendations, and shall be
replaced if the reduction in cross section is greater than 10% or
greater than the manufacturer's recommendation, whichever is less; or if
there is evidence of excessive wear, cuts, abrasion, or other forms of
deterioration.

        11.4.2 Tackle Accessories. Shackles, rings, links, hooks,
turnbuckles, and similar items shall be examined for wear, corrosion,
spreading, and deformation, and shall be replaced if deformat ion exceeds
5% of their new condition. Fasteners and shackle pins shall be replaced
if they show any evidence of bending deformation. Turnbuckles shall be
replaced if the threaded members or barrels are bent or if threads are
damaged. Cotters and locking wires, once removed, shall be replaced.

        11.4.3  Handling Fixtures and Spreader Bars. Handling fixtures
                                                                -
and spreaders shall be examined for evidence of excessive bending and
shall-be replaced if permanently bent more than 1/2 in. in 10 ft or
twisted more than 5-degrees out of the original plane. Hook-attachment
welds shall be examined for cracks and signs of failure. Cracked and
damaged welds shall be ground out to base metal, rewelded in accordance
w i t h Annex A l , and re-examined.                S p r e a d e r b a r s s h a l l n o t be f o r c e d back
i n t o shape w i t h o u t t h e a p p r o v a l o f t h e PIC.

          11.5 Load T e s t i n g . Tackle a s s e m b l i e s , h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e s , and
o t h e r r i g g i n g a s s e m b l i e s ( e x c e p t g u i d e l i n e s , guys, o r o t h e r nonload-
b e a r i n g i t e m s ) used f o r c r i t i c a l l i f t s s h a l l be t e s t e d i n accordance
w i t h T a b l e 4.

          T a c k l e a s s e m b l i e s , h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e s , and r i g g i n g a c c e s s o r i e s s h a l l
be t e s t e d a s a u n i t i n s o f a r a s p r a c t i c a b l e . Load t e s t s s h a l l be a t
l e a s t 15tZ o f t h e maximum s t a t i c l o a d t h a t w i l l be e n c o u n t e r e d i n
s e r v i c e ,-5%.

          A l l p a r t s o f t h e assembly s h a l l be v i s u a l l y i n s p e c t e d b e f o r e l o a d
t e s t i n g and s h a l l be r e i n s p e c t e d a f t e r load t e s t i n g f o r e v i d e n c e o f
o v e r l o a d i n g o f p a r t s i n accordance w i t h 11.4.                 I f t h e complete assembly
c a n n o t be t e s t e d a s a u n i t , i n d i v i d u a l p a r t s o f t h e assembly may be
s t r e s s e d t o e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l s u s i n g j a c k s , t e n s i l e t e s t i n g equipment, o r
o t h e r d e v i c e s a c c e p t a b l e t o t h e PIC. A l l members o f t h e assembly s h a l l
be t e s t e d , and t e s t load v e c t o r s s h a l l be r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f t h e load
v e c t o r s t h a t would p r e v a i l i f t h e a s s e a b l y were t e s t e d a s a u n i t .

      A l l p a r t s showing damage o r permanent d e f o r m a t i o n a s a r e s u l t o f
load r e s t i n g s h a l l be r e p l a c e d . Replacement p a r t s s h a l l be load t e s t e d
i n accordance w i t h t h i s paragraph.            Discarded p a r t s s h o u l d be d e s t r o y e d .

         A l l l o a d - b e a r i n g welds s h a l l be m a g n e t i c - p a r t i c l e o r l i q u i d -
p e n e t r a n t examined i n accordance w i t h Annex A1 i n a d d i t i o n t o v i s u a l
e x a m i n a t i o n , b e f o r e and a f t e r t h e l o a d t e s t . A l l nonconformances found
a s a r e s u l t o f i n s p e c t i o n and t e s t i n g s h a l l be r e p o r t e d w i t h r e c o m e n d a -
t i o n s f o r r e s o l u t i o n and c o r r e c t i o n p e r 11.6 p r i o r t o use o f f i x t u r e .

                 11.5.1 Multi-Leg L i f t Assemblies.                     S t a t i c a l l y determinate
m u l t i - l e g l i f t a s s e m b l i e s s h a l l be t e s t e d a s s p e c i f i e d above. M u l t i - l e g
l i f t assemblies t h a t a r e not s t a t i c a l l y determinate s h a l l , i n addition
t o t h e t e s t s p e c i f i e d above, be t e s t e d by a p p l y i n g a t e s t l o a d o f a t
l e a s t 150% o f t h e maximum s t a t i c load t h a t w i l l be e n c o u n t e r e d i n
s e r v i c e , i n t u r n , t o each d i a m e t r i c a l l y o p p o s i t e p a i r o f Legs ( i . e . ,
each o p p o s i t e p a i r o f l e g s must be c a p a b l e o f s u s t a i n i n g t h e t o t a l
l o a d ) . Legs n o t undergoing t e s t s h a l l be a t t a c h e d i n a manner t o e n s u r e
t h a t load s t a b i l i t y is not l o s t during t h e t e s t .

                11.5.2 Handling F i x t u r e s . Handling f i x t u r e s i n r e g u l a r use
s h a l l be load t e s t e d a s s p e c i f i e d i n T a b l e 4. Handling f i x t u r e s used
i n f r e q u e n t l y s h a l l be t e s t e d b e f o r e each u s e . Load t e s t p r o c e d u r e s
s h a l l be approved by t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e l i f t b e f o r e
s t a r t i n g t h e t e s t . The load t e s t o f a h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e s h a l l be by one
o f t h e f o l l o w i n g methods:
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        1.    L i f t i n g t h e f i x t u r e p l u s t h e t e s t load o r loading c r i t i c a l
              portions of the fixture individually.

        2.    L i f t i n g t h e f i x t u r e c o n t a i n i n g t h e c r i t i c a l component, p l u s
              a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t s t o a c h i e v e t h e proof t e s t l o a d , o n l y
              enough t o c l e a r t h e f l o o r t o f u l l y l o a d t h e f i x t u r e and
              L i f t i n g a s s e m b l y , b u t n o t enough t o e n d a n g e r t h e c r i t i c a l
              component i n t h e e v e n t o f f a i l u r e o f any p a r t o f t h e h a n d l i n g
              f i x t u r e o r L i f t i n g assembly.

        3.    I f l o a d t e s t i n g a t t e m p e r a t u r e i s employed f o r e s t a b l i s h i n g
              t h e LST o f a h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e , t h e t e s t s h a l l be made a t a
              metal t e m p e r a t u r e e q u a l t o o r lower t h a n t h e d e s i r e d LST.
              I f more t h a n one t e s t i s performed t h e l o w e s t LST s h a l l
              a p p l y . The f i x t u r e s h a l l be h e l d ee t h e t e s t t e m p e r a t u r e long
              enough f o r t h e t e m p e r a t u r e i n a l l p a r t s o f t h e f i x t u r e t o
              e q u i l i b r a t e . The ambient t e m p e r a t u r e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s h a l l be
              made a t f o u r l o c a t i o n s i n t h e g e n e r a l a r e a i n which t h e t e s t
              i s t o be c o n d u c t e d , and m e t a l t e m p e r a t u r e , a f t e r e q u i l i b r a t i o n
              s h a l l be measured a t a minimum o f f i v e l o c a t i o n s on t h e f i x t u r e
              i m m e d i a t e l y b e f o r e s t a r t i n g t h e t e s t . The h i g h e s t ambient o r
              metal t e m p e r a t u r e r e c o r d e d s h a l l be t h e LST o f t h e f i x t u r e
              and s h a l l be marked on t h e f i x t u r e i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h Annex A 2 .
              The h i g h e s t m e t a l and ambient t e m p e r a t u r e s h a l l be
              recorded i n t h e load test records.

                 1 1 . 5 . 3 H y d r a u l i c Load P o s i t i o n e r s . Load p o s i t i o n e r s s h a l l be
c a l i b r a t e d l o a d t e s t e d a t t h e f r e q u e n c y and t e s t l o a d s s p e c i f i e d by t h e
m a n u f a c t u r e r . Frequency may be i n c r e a s e d i f c o n s i d e r e d n e c e s s a r y .

          11.6 C o r r e c t i v e A c t i o n . Any d e f i c i e n c y i d e n t i f i e d a s a r e s u i t o f
i n s p e c t i o n o r l o a d t e s t s h a l l be c a u s e f o r r e j e c t i o n o f t h e t a c k l e i t e m
o r assembly o r h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e . R e j e c t e d t a c k l e a c c e s s o r i e s t h a t c a n
be removed from a t a c k l e assembly may be r e p l a c e d ; t h e r e j e c t e d t a c k l e
a c c e s s o r y s h a l l be d e s t r o y e d o r r e t u r n e d t o t h e a c c e s s o r y m a n u f a c t u r e r
f o r r e p a i r . R e j e c t e d t a c k l e a s s e m b l i e s t h a t c a n n o t be d i s s a s s e m b l e d
s h a l l be d e s t r o y e d o r a s s i g n e d t o n o n c r i t i c a l s e r v i c e , a c c o r d i n g t o t h e
n a t u r e o f t h e damage; a l l i n d i c a t i o n o f s u i t a b i l i t y f o r c r i t i c a l s e r v i c e
s h a l l be removed from a s s e m b l i e s downgraded t c n o n c r i t i c a l s e r v i c e .
R e j e c t e d h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e s s h a l l be d e s t r o y e d o r r e p a t r e d , a c c o r d i n g t o
t h e n a t u r e o f t h e damage; r e p a i r e d h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e s s h a l l be Load
t e s t e d b e f o r e r e t u r n t o c r i t i c a l s e r v i c e , i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h 11.5.

           11.7 R e p o r t i n g of D e f i c i e n c i e s . Def i c i c n c i e s d i s c o v e r e d d u r i n g
i n s p e c t i o n o r l o a d t e s t s h a l l be r e c o r d e d and r e p o r t e d . N f u r t h e r u s e
                                                                                                 o
o f t h e i t e m i n q u e s t i o n s h a l l b e made u n t i l a d i s p o s i t i o n o f t h e
d e f i c i e n c y h a s been r e s o Lved.
     11.8 Inspection and Test Procedures. All annual and periodic
ins~ectionsand load tests shall be conducted in accordance with written
procedures, instructions, or check lists, and conformance shall be veri-
fied in accordance with Section 13. Load test procedures shall include
the rating of the item and the load used, the configuration of the test,
and variables that will influence the test. Conformance to teat
procedures shall be verified in accordance with 12.1.2.

12.   OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS

     12.1 Job Coordination, Facility-Ovned and Contractor-Ovned
Equipment.

        12.1.1  Person In Charge. In the operation of equipment in
critical service, an individual shall be appointed as the PIC who shall
have complete control of the operation and administer all
phases of it. The PIC shall be the focal point of all activities
related to the job; shall ensure that all documents related to the lift-
move are available at the job site; and shall verify that all required
approval signatures have been obtained prior to operation startup. The
PIC shall be a qualified rigging specialist or shall be assisted by a
qualified rigging specialist who is experienced in the use of the
specific type of equipment to be used in the operation.

        12.1.2  Procedures. The moves, lifts, transfers, erections,
placements, removals, and other operations which are classified as
critical, including moves of non-critical items in, around, or above
areas in which critical items are located, shall be identified. All
such operations shall be governed and conducted in accordance with
approved procedures or job instructions meeting the requirements of 12.3
and shall be conducted under the supervision or surveillance of a person
qualified in the use of the type of equipment to be used on the job.
Compliance with procedures shall be verified by the PIC.

     In the case of non-routine operations, all personnel shall be
briefed in the details of the procedure each time it is used. For
routine operations, copies of the procedure shall be maintained in the
files of the PIC, and shall periodically be brought to the attention of
the personnel involved in the operation. No deviations from or modifi-
cations of the procedure (including substitution of approved equipment
or tackle) shall be made without the approval of the PIC. Rigging
diagrams shall be followed exactly, and the qualified rigging specialist
and the supervisor of the operation shall make an inspection before and
after each load test and each Class I operational lift or move to verify
that the approved rigging diagrams have been followed and that no damage
to the equipment or tackle has occurred. If a prelift load test indi-
cates the need for modification of the rigging configurations, it shall
be referred to the PIC for resolution before proceeding with the lift or
move, or with a repetition of the load test. Resolution shall include
an engineering evaluation where the change would affect the stresses or
stress vectors predicted for the lift. Procedures and job instructions
shall meet the requirements of 12.3.

        12.1.3 Personnel. Operators of both powered and manual hoist-
ing equipment and industrial trucks used in critical service shall be
qualified (3.171, except trainees may serve as helpers.

        12.1.4 Load Weight Determination. The PIC shall determine the
live load, including the weight of the load and all associated tackle
and handling fixtures, and shall notify the equipment operator respon-
sible for handling the load. The PIC shall verify that the load is
within the load rating of the machine in the machine orientation (e.g.,
boom angle or radius-of-load of boom-type equipment) to be employed in
the lift. If there is any question concerning the weight, load sensors,
dynamometers, or other load-indicating devices shall be used to
accurately establish the weight of the load.

        12.1.5  Shift Coordination. Whenever the job extends for more
than a single shift, or when responsibility is transferred from one crew
to another, the supervisors of the respective crews shall carefully
review the procedures and progress of the job with the PIC and plan work
to be carried out by the on-coming shift in order to effect a safe and
orderly transfer. In no case shall a crew leave the job site without
fully informing the incoming crew of the situation. Shift-to-shift
notification shall include the identification of procedures, rigging
diagrams, specific tackle to be used, the status of the ?ift/move at the
end of the shift, the limits of what is to be accomplished by the on-
coming shift, and any other information necessary to continue the opera-
tion in an orderly manner.

        12.1.6   Load Rating Charts.

     a. Variable Capacity Equipment. Legible load rating charts shall
be displayed and be visible to the operator at his operating station.
      -   .

Load rating charts shall include all- information necessary for the
operator to determine the capability of the machine in all operating
orientations and modes required during the lift. Load rating charts for
mechanical lattice boom cranes shall meet the requirements of Section
5-1, ANSI R30.5; Section 15-1, ANSI B30.15 for mobile hydraulic cranes;
and charts for hydraulic booms shall meet the requirements of SAE 51257.

     b. Fixed Capacity Equipment. The manufacturer's load rating
shall be visible to the operator and/or to the ground person attaching
the load to the hook.   if^ a crane is equipped with an auxilary hook,
each load block shall be marked with its load rating.

     c. Reduced Load Rating. When a reduced load rating has been
established for variable capacity equipment, the load rating charts
shall be indicated as such and shall replace the manufacturer's load
rating charts specified in 12.1.6.a.   On fixed capacity equipment, the
reduced capacity rating shall be painted or otherwise marked on the
equipment to replace the manufacturer's load rating marking. Two load
rating markings, indicating different load ratings, shall not be on the
same piece of equipment at the same time.

        12.1.7  Communications. Positive conrmunication shall be
maintained between the equipment operator and personnel having direct
visual contact with the load at all times. Radio or telephone
communication shall be maintained if the load is out of sight of the
operator at any time during the lift or move, and is recommended during
                                                         0
the operation of any cab-operated hoisting equipment of 1 tons capacity
or greater. Hand signals, when used, shall be standard (ANSI 830) and
shall be provided by qualified signaler. Where voice telephone, or
radio communication is employed, the signaler shall communicate directly
with the equipment operator and not through an intermediary. The
operator shall recognize signals only from the designated signaler
except that a signal for emergency stop from anyone shall be obeyed.

       12.1.8  Verification. The PIC shall verify, in person, that the
proper procedures have been provided and are being adhered to; that the
proper equipment and tackle are available and art employed; that their
Annual Condition Reports are up-to-date and indicate readiness for use;
that all required safety and indicating devices are in place and are in
good condition; that the designated equipment operators are available
and are capable of carrying out their duties; that all pre-lift/move
check lists or requirements have been completed or met; and that all
indicated approval and acknowledgement signatures have been obtained;
that all other requirements for completing a safe and functionally
adequate operation have been met.

     12.2 Job Coordination, Lifts/?foves by Fabricator-Owned Equipment.
The procurement documents shall identify the point(s) at which handling
of components being manufactured shall be conducted in accordance with
this standard, or shall specify that the fabricator shall establish such
points, subject to purchaser approval. All lifts and moves subject to
this standard shall be conducted in accordance with procedures meeting
the requirements of 12.1.2, above. The remaining provisions of this
Section (12) are recommended but are not mandatory unless specified in
the procurement documents. Fabricator's procedures shall be subiect to
purchaser approval, and will be evaluated in light of the requirements
and recommendations of chis Section (12).

     12.3 Requirements of Procedures and Job Instructions. The
requirement to conduct operations in accordance with written procedures
or job instructions was specified in 12.1.2.  This paragraph specifies
the type of procedure or instruction required, and the information that
must be included in the procedure or instruction.
        12.3.1  Formal Procedures. Formal procedures shall be provided
and employed for all Class I loads and for Class 11 loads when specified
      -  -
by the PIC or by documentation covering hoisting and rigging operations
at the user facility (including receiving and storage areas serving the
user facility) or the fabrication facility. Repetitive lifts or moves
of the same item or of different items of the same configuration and
weight may be covered by the same procedure. Procedures shall include,
as a minimum:

     1.   Identification o f the item to be moved, its weight, dimensions,
          and center of gravity (12.4.6.~)~ and the total live load.

     2.   Identification of persons who will have field responsibility
          for the move or lift and for monitoring it.

     3.   The steps and instructions for accomplishing the move or lift
          and provisions for verification of satisfactory completion o f
          each step of the procedure as it occurs, by the PIC or his
          designee.

     4.   Surveillance procedures, including check points, instruments,
          and indicators that will be used to ensure that the move is
          proceeding according to plan and the load ratings of the
          equipment and tackle have not been exceeded.

     5.   Rigging sketches showing all lifting points, load vectors,
          sling angles, accessories, method of attachment, boom angles,
          crane orientations, and other factors affecting the load rating
          of equipment, tackle, and accessories used in che move,
          together with notation of limitations to be applied on any
          allowable orientation of the operating equipment or rigging
          accessories to be used.

     6.   Approximate and maximum hoist or winching speeds.

     7.   Instructions to be given to equipment operators, including
          boom and swing angles at each step of the move, sequence of
          equipment moves and coordinations with moves of other
          equipment involved; translational speeds, directions, and
          distances; load weight and center of gravity, and other
          pertinent data.

           12.3.1.1  Additional Requirements for Procedures Covering
Class I Lifts and Moves.

     a.   Identification of each piece of operating equipment to be used
          in the move by type, normal or reduced load rating and, Eor
          other than permanently installed equipment, the equipment
          serial or other tdentifying number (if the specific piece of
          nonpermanent equipment has not been identified at the time of
          procedure preparation, the number shall be included in the job
          instructions prepared by the PIC).
       b.     Identification of slings, lifting bars, and other major rigging
              accessories or assemblies by serial number (if the specific
              items have not been identified at the time of procedure
              preparation, they shall be identified in the job instructions
              prepared by the PIC).

       c.     A list of all nonserialized tackle accessories and material
              required in the move or lift identified by type and load
              rating.
       d.     Requirements for specific inspections and tests to be made
              before, during, and after the lift or move including load
              tests, practice lifts, etc.

        12.3.2   Job Instructions. Written job instructions shall be
prepared or maintained for all moves and lifts not covered by formal
.  ~




procedures (12.1.2).   Job ins tructiona may either reference formal
procedures maintained on file, or shall consist of more generalized
procedures as outlined in 12.3.2.c.

     a.       Facility-Owned Equipment. Job instructions may be used for
routine,      repetitive moves of Class I loads and shall be provided, as a
minimum;      fo; all moves and lifts of Class 11 loads. ~ o b instructions
                                                                -
shall be      maintained on file and are subject to audit.

     b. Contractor- and Fabricator-Owned Equipment. Job instructions
shall be used for moves of Class 11 loads unless formal procedures have
been specified. Job instructions shall be maintained on file by the
using agency and shall be provided on request.

     c. Requirements. Job instructions shall include identification of
the item or class of items to be moved; the type of equipment and tackle
to be used and their load rating; any special instructions to operators;
and provision for verification by the PIC that the lift or move has been
satisfactorily completed. The agency responsible for the move or lift
shall certify that good rigging practices, precautions, and safety
measures are employed; that equipment operators are qualified and have
been properly instructed; and that the equipment and tackle are adequate
for the loads involved and are in good condition.

       12.4     Operation   - All   Classes of Equipment.   Recommendations for
the operation of hoisting equipment and winches are given in Chapter 3
of the applicable volume of ANSI B30; requirements for operation of
industrial trucks are given in Part 111 of ANSI B56.1.  Provisicns of
those standards expressed as recornendations shall be considered
mandatory unless excepted by the approved procedure.
              1 2 . 4 . 1 L o a d i n g o f Equipment.            The l o a d r a t i n g ( o r r e d u c e d l o a d
r a t i n g , i f s p e c i f i e d ) o f t h e e q u i p m e n t and t a c k l e s h a l l n o t b e e x c e e d e d
a t a n y t i m e e x c e p t d u r i n g l o a d t e s t i n g . The n o r m a l o r r e d u c e d l o a d
r a t i n g s h a l l b e marked o n e q u i p m e n t i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h 12.1.6.

                12.4.2        S a f e t y Devices.           Interlocks, l i m i t switches, locking
d e v i c e s , l o a d - i n d i c a t i o n d e v i c e s , boom a n g l e o r r a d i u s - o f - l o a d
i n d i c a t o r s , w a r n i n g d e v i c e s , and o t h e r p r o t e c t i v e d e v i c e s o f F a c i l i t y -
Owned a n d Contractor-Owned e q u i p m e n t s h a l l meet t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h i s
s t a n d a r d a n d s h a l l b e k e p t i n good w o r k i n g o r d e r a t a l l times. P r o t e c -
t i v e d e v i c e s s h a l l n o t be bypassed, r e p o s i t i o n e d , o r modified u n l e s s
e x p r e s s l y a u t h o r i z e d by t h e PIC i n w r i t i n g , f o l l o w i n g a n e n g i n e c r i n p
e v a l u a t i o n o f t h e proposed change. A load-indicating d e v i c e s h a l l be
p r o v i d e d i n a n y i n s t a n c e i n which t h e l o a d o n t h e e q u i p m e n t o r t a c k l e
c o u l d b e g r e a t e r t h a n t h e a p p a r e n t hook l o a d ( e . g . , w i t h d r a w a l o f a n
i t e m from a p i t w h e r e i n b i n d i n g b e t w e e n t h e i t e m a n d t h e w z l l s o f t h e
p i t c o u l d o c c u r ; o r e r e c t i n g a n i t e m w i t h one end a t t a c h e d t o a f i x e d
f u l c r u m ) , a n d w h e n e v e r a l o a d o f unknown w e i g h t i s t o h e h a n d l e d .                It i s
recommended t h a t t h e l o a d - l i m i t i n g d e v i c e b e o f a t y p e which w i l l d i s -
c o n n e c t power t o t h e e q u i p m e n t i f t h e l o a d r a t i n g i s e x e e d e d .

              1 2 . 4 . 3 M u l t i p l e C r a n e L i f t s . When two o r more c r a n e s a r e
required t o l i f t o r handle a load, a Q u a l i f i e d rigping s p e c i a l i s t s h a l l
b e a s s i g n e d who s h a l l a n a l y z e t h e o p e r a t i o n , i n s t r u c t a l l p s r s o n n e l i n
t h e p r o p e r p o s i t i o n i n g and r i g g i n g o f t h e l o a d and u s e o f h o i s t i n g e q u i p -
m e n t , a n d d i r e c t t h e o p e r a t i o n o f a l l e q u i p m e n t . When p r a c t i c a b l e , t h e
two c r a n e s s h a l l b e o f t h e same c a p a c i t y and e a c h b e a r 50% o f t h e l o a d .

             1 2 . 4 . 4 Class I L i f t s . When t h e l o a d t o b e h a n d l e d i s d e t e r -
mined t o b e g r e a t e r t h a n 7 5 X o f t h e normal o r r e d u c e d l o a d r a t i n g o f t h e
equipment o r t a c k l e , s p e c i a l a t t e n t i o n s h a l l be g i v e n t o t h e Eollowinp
items by t h e PIC a n d j o b s u p e r v i s o r s and p r i o r t o b e g i n n i n g t h e o p e r a -
t i o n s h a l l be d i s c u s s e d and reviewed c a r e f u l l y w i t h a l l p e r s o n n e l
involved.

         1.    Q u a l i f i c a t i o n s , l i c e n s i n g , and p h y s i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e
               equipment o p e r a t o r ( s ) a t t h e t i m e o f t h e L i f t ;

         2.    A c c u r a c y o f l o a d w e i g h t d o t e r m i n a t i o n , o p e r a t i n g boom and
               s w i n g r a d i i (boom-type e q u i p m e n t ) a n d a n y l i m i t a t i o n s o f
               t h e equipment c o n f i g u r a t i o n t h a t a f f e c t s l i f c i n g c a p a b i l i t y ;

         3.    L i f t i n g p l a n s , r i g g i n g d i a g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s ;

         4.    Any a d v e r s e w e a t h e r o r e n v i r o n m e n t a l c o n d i t i o n s which c o u l d
               a f f e c t h a n d l i n g and c o n t r o l o f t h e l o a d , i n c l u d i n g a m b i e n t
               t e m p e r a t u r e s b e l o w t h e LST (Annex A2) a s s i g n e d t o t h e
               equipment;

         5.    For mobile equipment, p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n i n g o f t h e equipment w i t h
               r e g a r d t o ground s t a b i l i t y , l e v e l i n g , and p h y s i c a l c o n d i t i o n s ;
     6.   The most recent inspection and load-test reports.

The lift should be postponed or rescheduled if consideration of any of
these factors indicates any question concerning existing conditions or
the capability o f personnel or equipment. Higher rated equipment may be
substituted, permitting the Load to be brought well within the rating
of the substitute equipment, and is recommended where feasible.

         12.4.5 Leveling and Blocking. Mobile equipment used for hand-
ling critical lifts shall have their outriggers fully extended; be
cribbed as necessary to provide stable and-level bearing on the ground,
and be leveled, as determined by using a 3 ft, minimum length,
carpenter's level. No lifts "on rubber" are permitted unless author-
ized by procedure. For all equipment, loads which are to be suspended
for a long period of time (e.g., overnight) shall be blocked or secured
to keep them from dropping or shifting.

        12.4.6  Control of Load. The center of gravity of the load
shall be known before starting the lift, and the hook shall be
positioned so that the center of gravity is vertically below the bowl of
the hook before starting the lift. Slings, spreader bars, and other
rigging accessories shall be attached to the load in accordance with the
approved rigging diagrams or, where such diagrams are not required by
the approved procedures, so that the load will be balanced and will not    ,
swing or move in an uncontrolled manner during the lift. If the field
supervisor of the move has doubts about the approved rigging diagrams or
the procedures, he shall resolve them with the PIC before starting the
lift or move. A practice lift shall be made with an equivalent weight
before making a critical lift when specified in the procedure.

     a. Load lines shall be checked after strain is put on them but
before the load is lifted clear of the ground; if not plumb or in
accordance with the approved rigging diagram, the slings or equipment
shall be repositioned so the lines are properly oriented before
continuing.

     b. Hoisting shall be stopped when the load is approximately one or
two inches off the ground and a check made to determine the adequacy o f
the hoist braking system, to determine any tendency to swing or sway,
and to determine any tendency of slings to slip or change position.
Sling positions shall be adjusted or additional supports or restraints
shall be added as necessary before continuing the lift. Procedural
approval of changes to sling position, support, and restraint shall be
obtained from the PIC before they are made.

     c. If the center of gravity is not known, it shall be determined
in accordance with SAE 5874 or estimated from drawings or engineering
analysis or other method approved by the PIC, before starting the lift
or move.
     d. In no case shall cranes, derricks, or other vertical hoisting
equipment be used for pulling or swinging, or in a manner that the load
line is not plumb, unless expressly specified in the approved procedure.

     12.5 Rigging. All rigging shall conform to the approved rigging
diagrams and shall be checked before starting the move or lift; if the
approved procedures do not require a formal rigging diagram, rigging
shall be in accordance with good rigging practice and erected and
operated under the direction of a qualified rigging specialist. All
rigging items shall meet the requirements of the procedure, ANSI 830.9,
the itemmanufacturer's equipment data sheets, and shall not be over-
loaded.

        12.5.1   Wire Rope. Wire rope shall be used, maintained, and
replaced in accordance with the recommended practices of ANSI B30 and
the recommendations of the "Wire !tope Users ~anual." Prior to starting
a critical lift, the condition of running and standing ropes and of
ropes used in slings shall be inspected to verify that they are in
adequate condition. Where the wire rope is susceptible to nonuniform
winding on the drum it shall be inspected to ensure it cannot be
pinched, snagged, or otherwise damaged at the side of the drum or in the
structure adjacent to the drum. During hoisting operations, personnel
shall continuously monitor for any change in operating condition of the
rope such as crowding, pinching, nonuniform spooling of the drum, or
kinks, tears, bird caging, broken strands, rust, crushing, lack o f
proper lubrication, or other evidence of abuse or excessive wear of the
ropes. If any indication of rope damage or failure becomes apparent
during the lift, hoisting shall cease and the conditions shall be evalu-
ated by the PIC.

        12.5.2   Slings. Wire rope slings shall be assembled in accord-
ance with the requirements of Section 10 and B30.9.  The working load
limits of slings shall be in accordance with the tables of ANSI R30.9 or
AISE 4 or, for sling configurations not covered by those standards, the
sling manufacturer's certified ratings. Slings should be oriented so
that a minimum D/d ratio of 5 is maintained at all stress points. The
angle of any sling, measured to the vertical, shall not exceed 45
degrees. Where eye-bolts are used, the load vector of the sling shall
be as nearly parallel and coincident with the axis of the eyebolt shank
as practicable, and the eyebolts shall comply with the requirements of
Annex A3. The use of spreader bars for Class 1 lifts is desirable to
avoid the use of angularly oriented slings.

     Non-metallic slings shall be used only when specified in the
procedure, and shall not be used in environments where they will be
subjected to corrosion (nylon slings shall not be subjected to acid;
polyester slings shall not be subjected to caustics), temperatures in
excess of 2 0 0 ° ~ ,or radiation fields in excess of 200 mr/hr. Non-
metallic slings showing evidence of melting, charring, or other high
     d. In no case shall cranes, derricks, or other vertical hoisting
equipment be used for pulling or swinging, or in a manner that the load
line is not plumb, unless expressly specified in the approved procedure.

     12.5 Rigging. All rigging shall conform to the approved rigging
diagrams and shall be checked before starting the move or lift; if the
approved procedures do not require a formal rigging diagram, rigging
shall be in accordance with good rigging practice and erected and
operated under the direction of a qualified rigging specialist. All
rigging items shall meet the requirements of the procedure, ANSI 830.9,
the item-manufacturer's equipment data sheets, and shall not be over-
loaded.

        12.5.1 Wire Rope. Wire rope shall be used, maintained, and
replaced in accordance with the recommended practices of ANSI B30 and
the recommendations of the "Wire Rope Users Manual."  Prior to starting
a critical lift, the condition of running and standing ropes and of
ropes used in slings shall be inspected to verify that they are in
adequate condition. Where the wire rope is susceptible to nonuniform
winding on the drum it shall be inspected to ensure it cannot be
pinched, snagged, or otherwise damaged at the side of the drum or in the
structure adiacent to the drum. During hoisting operations, personnel
shall continuously monitor for any change in operating condition of the
rope such as crowding, pinching, nonuniform spooling of the drum, or
kinks, tears, bird caging, broken strands, rust, crushing, lack of
proper lcbrication, or other evidence of abuse or excessive wear of the
ropes. If any indication of rope damage or failure becomes apparent
during the lift, hoisting shall cease and the conditions shall be evalu-
ated by the PIC.

        12.5.2   Slings. Wire rope slings shall be assembled in accord-
ance with the requirements of Section 10 and B30.9.  The working load
limits of slings shall be in accordance with the tables of ANSI 830.9 or
AISE 4 or, for sling configurations not covered by those standards, the
sling manufacturer's certified ratings. Slings should be oriented so
that a minimum D/d ratio of 5 is maintained at all stress points. The
angle of any sling, measured to the vertical, shall not exceed 45
degrees. Where eye-bolts are used, the load vector of the sling shall
be as nearly parallel and coincident with the axis of the eyebolt shank
as practicable, and the eyebolts shall comply with the requirements of
Annex A3. The use of spreader bars for Class 1 lifts is desirable to
avoid the use of angularly oriented slings.

     Non-metallic slings shall be used only when specified in the
procedure, and shall not be used in environments where they will be
subjected to corrosion (nylon slings shall not be subjected to acid;
polyester slings shall not be subjected to caustics), temperatures in
excess of 200'~, or radiation fields in excess of 200 mr/hr. Non-
metallic slings showing evidence of melting, charring, or other high
        12.5.9   Protection of Components from Slings.   Stainless steel
and corrosion-resistant-alloy surfaces o f components shall be protected
from direct contact with metillic slings and other handling accessories
and parts of equipment, except where such contact can be limited to
lifting eyes or trunnions provided for hoisting and handling. Slings
shall be temporarily encapsulated in clean fabric tubing or otherwise
buffered during the lift to prevent direct contact of stainless steel
and corrosion-resistant-alloy surfaces with carbon steel or galvanized
steel surfaces. Non-metallic slings shall be used only when an engi-
neering evaluation indicates their permissibility and they have been
specified in the procedure.

        12.5.10  Care of Slings and Tackle Accessories. Tackle assem-
blies, when not in use, shall be removed from the work area and stored
in their assigned lockers or stored temporarily in a manner where they
will not be run over by equipment, exposed to rain, grease, oil, or
dirt, or interfere with the work. Wire rope and slings shall be h ~ n gup
or laid out in a manner that the rope cannot kink, birdcage (SAE J959),
or bend sharply. Haterials shall not be piled on rope or tackle assem-
blies while in storage.

        12.5.11  Tackle Assemblies. Assemblies of hooks, links, rings,
spreader bars, slings, and other tackle, when load tested as a unit,
shall not, if possible, be disassembled after testing except as neces-
sary for post-test inspection. When disassembly is unavoidable for
storage or utilization of equipaent, an assembly sketch shall be made
ana filed. Each item of the assembly shall be identified by serial
number. When ready to make the lift, the assembly shall be reassembled
exactly as it was for testing.

        12.5.12  Lowest Service Temperature. Handling fixtures shall
not be used when the ambient temperature of the area in which the fix-
ture is to be used is lower than the LST marked on the fixture in
accordance with Annex A2. If there is no LST marked on the fixture, it
shall not be used below 60'~.

        12.5.13  Signs, Signals, and Barricades. Warning signs,
signals, and barricades shall be provi-ded at all times during hoisting
                                                             -        -
and rigiing operation in accordance with 29 CFR 1926.

        12.5.14  Locking Devices. Locking wires, cotter pins, and other
fastener locking devices removed from equipment parts or tackle acces-
sories shall not be re-used unless they-are of a-design specifically
intended for re-use.

      12.6 Maintenance. A documented preventive maintenance program
shall be established for all equipment designated to handle critical
lifts. 4s a minimum, the maintenance program shall meet the equipment
manufacturer's recommendations, shall reflect the environmental severity
under which the equipment will be operated, and shall anticipate n o m a l
wear on primary load-bearing and load-controlling parts due to the
service and frequency of use to which the equipment is subjected. Main-
tenance schedules and records, including service records, instructions,
procedures, and service manuals, shall be made available to the PIC and
to authorized quality assurance personnel on request. The completion of
each preventive maintenance transaction shall be documented and, where
appropriate, shall include copies of check lists and inspection reports
completed as part of the transaction. All service transactions (e.g.,
lubrication, seal replacement, etc.) and repairs shall be documented.

     12.7 Radio Control. The conerol circuits of radio-controlled
cranes shall be interlocked with the braking and motion systems so that
interruption of control power or receipt of a spurious or unauthorized
signal will not result in uncontrolled'motion of the load. Unless
otherwise provided for in the design of the control system, interruption
of control power or receipt of a spurious or unauthorized signal
(including random instrument or electrical "noise" sufficient to upset
the control circuitry) shall result in iamediate cessation of all
raising, lowering, or translation motions in progress, and the motion(s)
shall not be capable of continuance until the control system has been
manually reset.

        12.7.1  Protection from Unauthorized Signals. The radio-control
system shall be designed to respond only to authorized signals or to
lock up, as required in 12.7, on receipt of unauthorized signals. The
authorized frequency or code shall be disclosed only to those with a
need to know, and shall be changed inmediately if there is reason to
believe that it might have become known to unauthorized parties. For
radio-controlled cranes within a reactor containment or within the
processing area of a plant handling irradiated reactor fuel, the author-
ized frequency or code shall be changed from time to time on a random
schedule.

        12.7.2  Protection of Radio Control System. The radio-control
system shall be protected by a key lock which electronically disconnects
the control circuits and makes the crane inoperable until it has been
switched on by an authorized key holder. The system shall be designed
so that inadvertent activation of the control system or the crane hoist-
ing or translational systems is not possible without keying the control
system.

13.   QUALITY ASSURANCE
     13.1 Quality Assurance Program. The organization or company
responsible for hoisting, rigging, and handling of materials shall
establish and maintain a program to ensure that all moves of Class I or
Class I1 loads are properly planned and executed; that personnel engaged
in the move are properly qualified and instructed before starting the
move; that equipment and tackle are adequate for the job and are in good
condition, as established by test and inspection; that applicable
standards and requirements have been complied with; that all tests,
inspections, and records required by this standard and all applicable
codes, standards, and regulations have been completed and are up to
date; and that compliance with all requirements of this standard and
applicable codes and regulations have been verified. Operational plans,
inspections, tests, personnel qualifications, and other aspects of
quality assurance shall meet the requirements of ANSI NQA-I.

        13.2 Procedures and Job Instructions. All critical lifts and
moves shall be conducted in accordance with written procedures or job
instructions in accordance with 12.1.2 and 12.3.     procedures shall-be
developed by qualified personnel familiar with the specific equipment to
be used. Signature spaces shall be provided and each party having
responsibility in the lift or move shall sign as acknowledgement of
understanding of the procedure and acceptance of his responsibility.
Formal procedures for non-routine Class I lifts or moves shall be signed
off (i.e., validated by authorized signature) each time they are used.
Formal procedures for routine Class I lifts or moves and job instruc-
tions for Class IT lifts and moves shall be maintained and shall be
available to the PIC but need not be signed-off each time they are used.
Personnel involved in non-routine lifts and moves shall be instructed
beforehand in the applicable procedure. Personnel involved in routine
critical lifts and moves covered by written job instructions shall be
instr~cted in the requirements of the operation periodically. All
violations of procedures and job instructions shall be documented. Any
changes to the procedure or job instructions either before or during the
l i f t or move shall be reviewed by the same verifying parties before
implementation.

     13.3 Operator Qualification. Operators of major equipment items
(mobile cranes, overhead cranes, derricks, temporary hoisting assemblies,
etc.) shall have completed a formal training program which includes
satisfactory completion of both written and operational tests to demon-
strate their knowledge of the equipment (operating principles, service
requirements, inspection, etc.) and their skill in operating the
equipment.

     Operators of minor equipment items (overhead pendant-operated
cranes of 5 tons capacity and less, chain hoists, industrial trucks,
etc.) shall, as a minimum, have demonstrated their skill in operating
the equipment.

        13.3.1 Physical Requirements. Operators shall be physically
qualified, as evidenced by satisfactory completion of a comprehensive
physical examination by industrial-medicine at least once every 18
months. Physical requirements shall be established by a qualified
industrial physician, and records shall be maintained in the operators
personnel file. The examination shall demonstrate the operators capa-
bility as follows: (1) sufficient tests to demonstrate the operator's
capability to perform the duties required under the ambient conditions
that will or might prevail in the work area, (2) satisfactory completion
of the American Optical Co. or equivalent visual acuity test, demonstra-
ting vision correctible to at least 20/30, and (3) satisfactory comple-
tion of a hearing test demonstrating hearing acuity necessary for the job.

        13.3.2  Documentation of Operator Qualification. The organiza-
tion responsible for operation of the equipment shall provide, maintain,
and document the necessary training program(s), qualification records,
physical examination records, and procedures to support the qualification
of all operators engaged in, or who may be employed occasionally in, the
operation of equipment in critical service.

     13.4 Historical Equipment File. A Historical Equipment File (HEF)
shall be maintained for each piece of equipment used in critical service,
including minor items such as manually operated chain hoists, jacks, and
load positioners. The HEF should include, as a minimum, the date of
assignment to critical service; a record of each non-routine Class I lift
or move (including date, weight, and any pertinent details); and copies of
ACR and Major Inspection Reports; copies of load-test reports; record of
service transactions, repairs, deficiency reports, and damage reports;
copy of operating and service manuals, inspection check lists, and
operating and service procedures. All reports of inspections, tests,
service and repair shall be verified (3.24) by an authorized individual
of the organization responsible for operation of the equipment, certifying
that the action taken was as represented in the record. The date of the
next scheduled inspection and/or test shall be displayed in a conspicuous
place on the equipment and in the file, and shall constitute the
chronological limit of the current qualification of that piece o f
equipment for use in critical service.

     13.5 Tackle and Handling Fixture.History File. A History File
shall be maintained for each serialized tackle assembly and tackle
accessory and each handling fixture used in critical service. The
History File should include, the date of assignment to critical service,
the date of fabrication (tackle assemblies, handling fixtures); copies of
the ACR inspection; copies of all nondestructive examination reports;
record of benchmark dimensions used for establishing the condition of the
item, with a record of the check dimension at each inspection; record of
each load test; drawing or diagram showing all parts and, when pertinent,
tackle accessories used with the tackle assembly or handling fixture.
Non-serialized tackle accessories shall be marked with a distinguishing
identification, should be logged in a miscellaneous item History File or
log, with date of assignment to critical service and record of each
inspection and NDT examination. The date of the next scheduled inspection
andlor test shall be displayed in a conspicuous place on the History
File and on the individual tackle assembly, tackle accessory, and
handling fixture, and in the file, and shall constitute the chrono-
logical limit of the current qualification of that item for use in
critical service.

     13.6 Inspection and Test. The organization or conpany resoonsible
         -
for making the move shall make or have made all inspections and tests
specified in Sections 9 and 11 of this standard and- shall comply with
the specified acceptance criteria and instructions for corrective action
required to return equipment to satisfactory operating conditions.
Copies of all inspection and test reports shall be filed in the History
File for the equipment, tackle assembly, or handling fixture affected.

     13.7 Waivers. Waiver of any requirement of this standard shall
require documented approval in accordance with procedures established by
the user facility. The waiver shall include the date of the waiver,
chronological limit of waiver if pertinent, statement of the requirement
to be waived; a statement of justification for the waiver with
supporting engineering data; and the authorizing signatures. A copy of
the waiver shall be maintained in the History File of the equipment,
tackle assembly, or handling fixture affected.
                                             ANNEX      -   MANDATORY

                                               A1     FABRICATION

Al.l      SCOPE

       The annex c o v e r s r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r f a b r i c a t i o n , i n c l u d i n g w e l d i n g
and n o n d e s t r u c t i v e t e s t i n g o f h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e s a n d , when s p e c i f i e d by
t h e p u r c h a s e r , o f equipment i t e m s t o be u s e d i n c r i t i c a l s e r v i c e .

A1.2      WELDING

         A l l w e l d i n g , s h a l l be by q u a l i f i e d w e l d e r s u s i n g q u a l i f i e d o r o c e -
d u r e s and j o i n t d e s i g n s .

          A1.2.1         Carbon S t e e l Welding. Welders and w e l d i n g o p e r a t o r s ,
                                                                                                      W
i n c l u d i n g t a c k e r s , s h a l l b e q u a l i f i e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h A S D1.l e x c e p t
                                                          r
t h a t 5.30 and 5 - 4 1 o f t h a t ~ d d e e g a r d i n g i n d e f i n i t e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s h a i l
b e h e l d i n v a l i d ; a l l w e l d e r s and w e l d i n g o p e r a t o r s , i n c l u d i n g t a c k e r s ,
s h a l l be r e q u i r e d t o meet t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n t e s t s o f P a r t s C , D , and E ,
r e s p e c t i v e l y , o f S e c t i o n 5 o f t h e Code w i t h i n 6 months p r i o r t o s t a r t i n e
on work c o v e r e d by t h i s s t a n d a r d .            411 w e i d i n g p r o c e d u r e s , i n c l u d i n g
                                                                                                               W
t a c k - w e l d i n g p r o c e d u r e s , s h a l l b e q u a l i f i e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h A S D1.l
e x c e p t t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f 1.3.1 and 5 . 1 o f t h a t s t a n d a r d r e g a r d i n g p r e -
q u a l i f i c a t i o n s h a l l be h e l d i n v a l i d . A l l procedures, i n c l u d i n g tack-
w e l d i n g p r o c e d u r e s , s h a l l be q u a l i f i e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h P a r t S and
S e c t i o n 5 o f t h e Code b e f o r e a p p l i c a t i o n t o work c o v e r e d by t h i s
s t a n d a r d e x c e p t t h a t t h e j o i n t d e s i g n s o f S e c t i o n 2 s h a l l be c o n s i d e r e d
prequalified.

         A1.2.2         A l l o y S t e e l and N o n f e r r o u s M e t a l Welding. W e l d e r s , w e l d i n g
o p e r a t o r s , t a c k e r s , w e l d i n g p r o c e d u r e s , and j o i n t d e s i g n s s h a l l be
q u a l i f i e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h S e c t i o n I X o f t h e "ASME B o i l e r and P r e s s u r e
V e s s e l Code."         Weld j o i n t d e s i g n s s h a l l be a s shown i n t h e d r a w i n g s , and
s h a l l be q u a l i f i e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e ASMT Code b e f o r e a p p l i c a t i o n .

          A1.2.3        Weld E x a m i n a t i o n . Welds i n p r i m a r y l o a d b e a r i n g p a r t s ,
i n c l u d i n g s k i p and t a c k w e l d s , s h a l l be 1007 examined i n a c c o r d a n c e w i ~ h
A1.3 o f t h i s annex. A s a ainimum, o t h e r w e l d s , e x c e p t t a c k w e l d s , s h a l l
be n o n d e s t r u c t i v e l y examined i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h A1.3 a t a l e v e l o f 10%;
a l l t a c k w e l d s which w i l l remain i n t h e a s s e m b l y when d e l i v e r e d t o t h e
u s e s i t e s h a l l be n o n d e s t r u c t i v e l y examined.

         A1.2.4       Weld D e f e c t s .  D e f e c t i v e w e l d s . s h a l 1 be ground o u t com-
p l e t e l y and r e p a i r e d by w e l d i n g i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h q u a l i f i e d (AWS Dl.1
o r ASME 1x1 r e p a i r p r o c e d u r e s by q u a l i f i e d w e l d e r s . Weld r e p a i r s s h a l l
be n o n d e s t r u c t i v e l y examined a t t h e 1004 l e v e l i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h A1.3.
A1.3    NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION

     A1.3.1  General. The method of nondestructive examination (radio-
                            ~   ~




graphic, ultrasonic, magnetic particle, liquid penetrant) shall be as
specified where nondestructive examination is specified in this standard
or in procurement specifications; where specified in both, the require-
ments of this standard shall serve as a minimum requirement. Where a
choice of methods (e.g., magnetic particle or liquid penetrant) is
given, the method selected shall be the most sensitive for the material,
joint design, surface texture, or other conditions affecting the capa-
bility of conducting an effective examination.

     A1.3.2  Visual Examination. In addition to nondestructive examina-
tion, all accessible surfaces of welds, tackle accessories, and other
items for which nondestructive examination is specified at any level, or
for which visual examination is specified, shall be carefully inspected
for cracks, laps, lack of penetration, and other defects. All defects
shall be removed and/or repaired within the limitations of this standard
or the procurement specification, or the part shall be replaced as
specified in the text of this standard.

     A1.3.3  Method. Nondestructive examination shall conform to the
requirements of Section 6 of AWS Dl. 1 or of Section V of the "ASME
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code." Welds shall be inspected in accord-
ance with the provisions of those Codes with the following exceptions:

       1.   Water washable penetrants shall not be used for liquid-
            penetrant examination.

       2.   Penetrant dwell time shall be from 10 to 60 min. The
            surface being examined shall be kept wet with penetrant for
            the full duration of the penetration period.

       3.   Examination area for magnetic-particle examination shall be
            limited to a maximum distance of 114 of the spacing between the
            prods or yoke poles.

       4.   Irrenularly shaped items that do not lend themselves to liquid
            penetrant (LP) or magnetic particle (HP) examination shall be
            subjected to close visual inspection by a qualified inspector
            and a determination made as to its serviceability. If
            possible, ultrasonic examination may be employed.


LP and MP examinations of tackle accessories shall be made on material
in its final surface-treated and heat-treated condition. The surfaces
shall not be grit, sand, or vapor-blasted; peened, or otherwise prepared
for testing, except by grinding, unless expressly authorized by the
qualified inspector or the PIC.
        A1.3.4 NDE ~ c c e p t a n c e / ~ e j e c t i o n .Cracks, laps, seams, linear
indications. and rounded LP or MP indications equal to or larger than the
significant - size and spacing specified in Table ' ~ 1 . 1 shall be-cause for
rejection. In addition, for plate and forgings, 10 or more indications
in any 6 i n e 2 of surface, where the major dimension of the area is 6
in. and the area is oriented in the direction of rolling or extrusion,
shall be cause for rejection. For welds, 6 or more indications in any 6
i n e 2 area shall be cause for rejection.



        Table Al.l.    Minimum size and maximum spacing of significant
                       indications liquid penetrant and magnetic particle
                       examination (dimensions in inches)


                Plate, Sheet      Forgings, Sat         Fasteners           Welds
Thickness or
Diameter in.    Size      Spcg.   Size      Spcg.    Size      Spcg.    Size     Spcg.




-
Note:    Four or more indications separated by the spacing above constitute
         a rejectable indication. Two or more indications of the size
         specified above, separated by 1/16 in. or less, shall be
         considered a single indication.




A1.4     FABRICATION REQUIREMENTS

     A1.4.1  Fabrication Flan. !&
                                e
                                n
                                ,    specified the fabricator (facility
or manufacturer) shall prepare, aaintain current, and conduct all
operations in accordance with a Fabrication Plan approved by the quality
assurance management of the User Facility. The Fabrication Plan shall:

    identify the parts, components, or appurtenances to be made,
    including those items to be purchased;

    the sequence of operations in the manufacture of the item to be
    furnished, including checks, inspections, in-process checks and
    tests, and any hold points at which specified special approvals by
       t h e f a b r i c a t o r ' s q u a l i t y a s s u r a n c e d e p a r t m e n t o r by t h e p u r c h a s e r ' s
       representative a r e required;

a      and i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l s p e c i a l p r o c e d u r e s ( i n c l u d i n g w e l d i n g
       and N E p r o c e d u r e s ) by t i t l e and number, t h a t w i l l be employed.
             D

The F a b r i c a t i o n P l a n s h a l l b e k e p t c u r r e n t and s h a l l be r e v i s e d a s
n e c e s s a r y t o r e f l e c t any c h a n g e s i n t h e P l a n , d r a w i n g s , s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ,
o r p r o c e d u r e s . The F a b r i c a t i o n P l a n s h a l l be made a v a i l a b l e t o t h e
p u r c h a s e r ' s r e p r e s e n t a t i v e on r e q u e s t .

          A1.4.2          C o n t r o l o f P r o c e s s e s . When s p e c i f i e d , c e r t a i n f a b r i c a t i o n ,
a s s e m b l y , and c o n t r o l p r o c e s s e s o r o p e r a t i o n s s h a l l be c o n d u c t e d i n
a c c o r d a n c e w i t h documented p r o c e d u r e s which s h a l l meet t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f Supplement 9s-1 o f ANSI NQA-1, and which have been shown t o be
a d e q u a t e , by f i e l d e x p e r i e n c e o r by v e r i f i a b l e q u a l i f i c a t i o n t e s t s .
P r o c e d u r e s s h a l l i n c l u d e , a s a minimum, t h e s t e p s and s e q u e n c e o f s t e p s
n e c e s s a r y t o a c h i e v e t h e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s and t h e c r i t e r i a f o r e s t a b l i s h -
i n g t h a t t h e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s have been a c h i e v e d . The p r o c e d u r e s h a l l
i d e n t i f y t h e p r o c e s s o r o p e r a t i o n ; any n e c e s s a r y p r e c o n d i t i o n s f o r
i n i t i a t i n g t h e p r o c e s s o r o p e r a t i o n ; any l i m i t a t i o n s o r r e s t r i c t i o n s on
u s e o f t h e p r o c e d u r e o r f a c i l i t i e s used i n c o n d u c t i n g i t ; and any o p e r a -
t i o n a l o r e n v i r o n m e n t a l c o n d i t i o n s ( e . g . , c o n t a m i n a t i o n c o n t r o l ) which
must be m a i n t a i n e d b e f o r e , d u r i n g , o r f o l l o w i n g t h e o p e r a t i o n . When
s p e c i f i e d i n t h e F a b r i c a t i o n P l a n , w r i t t e n r e l e a s e t o p r o c e e d s h a l l be
obtained before i n i t i a t i n g the process o r operation. I f a t e s t o r
i n s p e c t i o n i s r e q u i r e d t o v e r i f y t h a t t h e p r o c e s s o r o p e r a t i o n h a s been
s a t i s f a c t o r i l y c o m p l e t e d , e v i d e n c e o f s a t i s f a c t o r y compliance w i t h t h a t
t e s t o r i n s p e c t i o n s h a l l be o b t a i n e d and documented b e f o r e r e l e a s i n g t h e
i t e m worked upon f o r t h e n e x t o p e r a t i o n s c h e d u l e d i n t h e F a b r i c a t i o n
Plan.

           A1.4.3         Use and C o n t r o l o f M a t e r i a l s . Components, p a r t s , and
    p
a p . u r t e n a n c e s s h a l l be made from t h e m a t e r i a l s s p e c i f i e d i n t h e drawinns
  .                                                                                                                ..
a n d / o r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o r , when n o t e x p r e s s l y i d e n t i f i e d , from a m a t e r i a l
o f h i g h q u a l i t y t h a t h a s been v e r i f i e d a s s u i t a b l e f o r t h e a p p l i c a t i o n
under t h e e n v i r o n m e n t a l and o p e r a t i o n a l c o n d i t i o n s f o r which t h e e q u i p -
r n e n t / t a c k l e i t e d h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e i s s p e c i f i e d t o be used. M a t e r i a l s
i d e n t i f i e d i n t h e drawing o r s p e c i f i c a t i o n a s b e i n g s u b j e c t t o s p e c i a l
c o n t r o l s h a l l be purchased under a p r o c e d u r e meeting t h e - r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
Supplement 7s-1 o f ANSI NQA-1, and s h a l l be c o n t r o l l e d d u r i n g Eabrica-
t i o n and assembly i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h p r o c e d u r e s m e e t i n g t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f Supplement 8s-1 o f ANSI NQA-1.

        A1.4.4 Use and C o n t r o l o f Purchased P a r t s and Appurtenances.
Purchased p a r t s and a p p u r t e n a n c e s s h a l l meet t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f A1.4.3,
above; s h a l l be p u r c h a s e d under a p r o c e d u r e m e e t i n g t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
Supplement 7s-1 o f ANSI NQA-1; and s h a l l be c o n t r o l l e d a f t e r r e c e i p t a t
t h e f a b r i c a t o r ' s p l a n t under p r o c e d u r e s m e e t i n g t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
Supplement 8s-1 o f ANSI NQA-1.
     A1.4.5   Fabrication Processes. Qualification of cutting and
forming processes is not required unless specified in the procurement
      - -
specificat ion. When qualification is specified, documented evidence of
satisfactory compliance with the qualification requirements shall be
furnished to the purchaser.

         A1.4.5.1     Welding.   Welding shall comply with A1.2 of this
annex.

        A1.4.5.2  Cutting and Formine. Materials may be cut to shape
and size by any mechanical means such as shearing, stamping, machining,
or grinding, unless othervise specified in the procurement specifica-
t ions.

A1.5     REFERENCES

Section V, ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Nondestructive Examin-
at ion

American Welding Society, AWS D1.1, Stuctural Welding Code

Section IX, ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Welding and Brazing
Qualifications

ANSI NQA-1, Quality Assurance Program Requirements for Nuclear
Facilities
                                   ANNEX   - MANDATORY
                      A2     LOWEST SERVICE TEMPERATURE DESIGN

A2.l     SCOPE

     The annex covers design requirements for spreaders and other
handling fixtures and supplements 10.8.3.  The requirements of this
annex are mandatory for handling fixtures and, when specified by the
purchaser, for other items covered by such specification.

A2.2    GENERAL
     Primary load-bearing parts of items fabricated from ferritic
materials shall be sufficiently ductile to permit safe handling at low
temperature. A Lowest Service Temperature (LST) at which the item may
be used shall be determined in accordance with Table A2.1.  The LST
shall be made part of the design specification for procurement (newly
purchased items) and shall be legibly marked on the item at a location
that can be easily seen by the user.


Table A2.1       Method for Determining Lowest Service Temperature (LST)



                    of Struc. Mem.                 Type of        Method
Status                     in.                  Construction     (par. No.)
                                   -



  newa                 518 in.                bolted, riveted,
                       or greater             pinned

  new                  518 in.                welded
                       or greater

  new                  less than              bolted, riveted,
                       518 in.                pinned

  new                  less than              welded
                       518 in.

exist inga                  a1 1              bolted, riveted,
                                              pinned

existing                    a1 1              we lded            A2.3.4


"IE made of material listed in Table A2.2 or if acceptable test
  data is available.
A2.3        DETERMINATION OF LOWEST SERVICE TEMPERATURE

     A2.3.1  LST Based on Brittle Fracture Properties, Nonwelded
Construction; 518 in. or Greater Nominal Thickness.

     a. Determine nil ductility transition temperature ( T ~ of ~ )~
the base material in accordance vith A S R E 208. TNDT is the
temperature which is 10'~ below the temperature at w h ~ c hat least two
test specimens show no-break performance.

       b.    Determine A from ~ i g u r eA2.1.

       c.    Select an LST equal to or higher than TNDT      +   A.



                             Average Thickness (mm)




                               Average Thickness (in.)


                          Fig. A2.1.    Value factor of A.
     A2-3-2   LST Based on Brittle Fracture Pro~erties. Welded


     a. Determine T m T of both the base material and the deposited
weld metal in accordance with A2.3.la, using either specimens from the
welding procedure qualification test or weld samples made in accordance
with the qualified welding procedure. TmT is the temperature at
which at least two specimens from the same material (base material or
                                                             s
weld deposit) show no-break; the higher of the two T N ~ ~ 'shall be
used for calculating LST.

     b.   Determine factor A from Figure A2.l.

     c.   Calculate a tentative LST ( L S T ~ )
                                              equal to TNDT + A.

     d. Make Charpy V-notch (, c) tests on specimens taken from the
heat-affected zone (HAZ) and from the unaffected base metal in accord-
                                                          C
ance with ASTM A 370 at the LST determined in Step c. A , test shall
consist of a set of three determinations made on full size, 10 mm by
                                         ,
11 mm specimens (Fig. 11, ASTM A 370). C specimens shall be oriented
in accordance with tensile-test-specimen requirements of the ASTM
standard for the structural materials; the notch in the specimen shall
be normal to the surface of the material. If the average lateral expan-
sion (ALE) of the three specimens from the HAZ is equal to or greater
than the ALE of the base material Cv specimens, the LSTt determined
in Step c shall be the LST of the fixture. If the ALE of the HAZ speci-
mens is less than the ALE of the base material specimens, a new LSTt
shall be established by makir.g additional Cv tests on the HAZ material
at progressively higher temperatures. The LSTt corresponding to the
temperature at which the ALE of a set of HAZ tests is equal to or
greater than the ALE previously determined for the base material shall
be the LST.

     A2.3.3 LST Rased on Brittle Fracture Properties, Bolted, Riveted
or Pinned Construction, Less than 518 in. Nominal Thickness. Determine
LST from Table A2.2. Materials other than those specified in Table A2.2
may be used if satisfactory test data from specimens of material from
the same manufacturing lot are available which demonstrate that the
material has acceptable nil ductility properties. Such test data shall
be evaluated by a metallurgist experienced in fracture mechanics whose
qualifications are acceptable to the purchaser. The use of such alter-
native material shall be subject to approval by the purchaser.
       Table A2.2.     Lowest service temperature for selected materials,
                       bolted, riveted, or pinned construction.



                     Material            Condition          LST

              A S W A 537, Grade A       Normalized          '
                                                             F
                                                             O
              ASTM A 588                 Normalized         20'~
              ASTM A 516, Grade 70       Normalized         30' F




     A2.3.4  LST Based on Load Test. Load test the fixture in accord-
ance with 11.5 at a temperature equal to or lower than the desired LST.

A2.4      WELDING

     Welding shall be in accordance with A1.2 except that tensile, yield,
and bending properties of the filler metal shall be at least 10% higher
than the corresponding values of the base metal used, and maximum effort
shall be made to prevent distortion of the weldment during and after
welding. All welds shall be 100% examined in accordance with A1.3.

A2.5     REFERENCES

ASTX A 370           Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

ASTM A 516           Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon Steel, for Moderate- and
                     Lower-Temperature Service

ASTM A 537           Pressure Vessel Plates, Heat Treated, Carbon-xanganese-
                     Silicon

ASTsr A 588          High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel with 50,000 psi
                     Minimum Yield Point to 4 in. Thick

AST?I E 208          Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition
                     Temperature of Ferritic Steels
                              ANNEX   - MANDATORY
        A3      EYES, EYEBOLTS, SLINGING EYES, TRUNNIONS, AND OTHER
               ATTACHMENTS T O COMPONENTS OR HANDLING FIXTURES T O
                   FACILITATE HANDLING, RIGGING, AND TIE-DOWN

A3.1   SCOPE

     The requirements of this annex are mandatory for handling fixtures
that are recommended to be handled in accordance with this standard.
The requirements are mandatory for components when invoked by procure-
ment specifications.

A3.2   DESIGN AND MATERIAL

     Eyes, eyebolts, slinging eyes, safety eyes, trunnions, and other
attachments to handling fixtures or components to facilitate hoisting,
handling, rigging, or tie-down for shipping shall be designed to be
compatible with the associated tackle and shall meet the requirements of
this annex. The handling attachments shall be made from either carbon
or alloy steel (as specified for the particular application) meeting the
chemistry and physical requirements of applicable ASTX forged-material
standards. Handling attachments attached by welding shall be made from
the same alloy as the base material to which they are welded; or be
welded by an approved bi-metallic welding procedure.

A3.3   APPLICATION

     The number of eyes, trunnions, or other attachments shall be
adequate to ensure safety and stability of the load in all transport,
hoisting, erection, or handling orientations. Swivel eyes, eye bolts,
or similar attachments are not recommended where existing holes, trun-
nions, or other features of the component or handling fixture have been
designed for, or are shown by engineering analysis to be suitable for
hoisting or tie-down purposes.

     Trunnions or eyes designed for supporting or fixing a component or
equipment item in position after installation shall not be used for
hoisting or tie-down purposes unless expressly authorized by the design,
and so identified by marking on or instructions accompanying the item.
Removable eyes and eye bolts are not recommended; where used, they shall
conform to the materials and construction requirements of this annex.
Lifting and tie-down eyes welded to a component shall be of the same
material as the base metal of the component and shall be welded in
accordance with the design/fabric!ation specifications of the component.
A3.4     LOCATION OF LIFTING EYES AND ATTACHMENTS

        Eyes and a t t a c h m e n t s s h a l l be l o c a t e d s o t h a t :

        1.    Adequate c l e a r a n c e i s m a i n t a i n e d between t h e a t t a c h e d s l i n g s
              and o t h e r p a r t s o r s u r f a c e s o f t h e component o r equipment.

        2.    There i s no i n t e r f e r e n c e w i t h t h e f u n c t i o n i n g o f h o i s t i n g ,
              r i g g i n g , o r h a n d l i n g equipment.

        3.    A c c e s s i b i l i t y t o t h e eye i s maintained.

        4.    Attached s l i n g s can converge o v e r t h e c e n t e r o f g r a v i t y o f t h e
              l i f t when a t i t s maximum s h i p p i n g weight.

        5.    P r o p e r s t a b i l i t y c a n be m a i n t a i n e d d u r i n g l i f t i n g and
              p o s i t i o n i n g of t h e item a t t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n s i t e .

        6.    The p l a n e o f t h e s l i n g i n g eye i s c o i n c i d e n t w i t h t h e p l a n e o f
              t h e s l i n g under loaded c o n d i t i o n s w i t h i n 5 d e g r e e s . See Table
              A3.2.

        7.     S l i n g a n g l e s : The i n c l u d e d a n g l e between any two s l i n g l e g s
               i n a t a c k l e c o n f i g u r a t i o n s h a l l n o t exceed 45 d e g r e e s .

A3.5      DESIGN OF LIFTING EYES

          A 1 1 l i f t i n g e y e s s h a l l have a d e s i g n f a c t o r o f 5.' On a r i g i d i t e m
b e i n g h o i s t e d w i t h a m u l t i - l e g s l i n g o r h a n d l i n g f i x t u r e , i t is p o s s i b l e
f o r t h e t o t a l weight t o be t a k e n by o n l y two l e g s w h i l e t h e o t h e r l e g s
s e r v e o n l y t o b a l a n c e t h e load. To accommodate t h i s s i t u a t i o n , where
more t h a n two l i f t i n g e y e s a r e provided, each e y e s h a l l be designed t o
w i t h s t a n d a p u l l o f a t l e a s t 75% o f t h e weight o f t h e component o r
equipment i t e m ( i . e . , 50% o f t h e load a t maximum s l i n g a n g l e o f 45
d e g r e e s ) . I n s i d e dimension o r c l e a r a n c e s o f e y e s s h a l l be a s l i s t e d i n
T a b l e A3.1.         Where o n l y two e y e s a r e provided, each e y e s h a l l be c a p a b l e
o f s u p p o r t i n g a t l e a s t 125% o f t h e weight o f t h e component t o which i t i s
attached.


             Table A3.1        S l i n g i n g Eyes and S h a c k l e s    - Basic       Dimensions
                          --



                        Weight o f                            I n s i d e Dimension o f
                        Load, Tons                            Eye o r S h a c k l e , i n .

                        Up t o 20                                  3 t o 3.5
                        20 t o 45                                  3.5 t o 4
                        45 t o 65                                   4 to 5
                        Over 65                              Base on hook dimension
A3.6      EYEBOLTS

          Removable e y e b o l t s may be used when s p e c i f i e d i n t h e approved r i g g -
i n g diagrams o r p r o c e d u r e s . E y e b o l t s s h a l l meet t h e same d e s i g n ,
m a t e r i a l s , working l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s , s i z e , and l o c a t i o n a l r e q u i r e m e n t s
a s f o r s l i n g i n g e y e s . Only s h o u l d e r e d e y e b o l t s s h a l l be used when
h a n d l i n g C l a s s I l o a d s e x c e p t where i t i s n o t p o s s i b l e because o f t h e
c o n f i g u r a t i o n o f t h e i t e m t o which t h e e y e b o l t i s a t t a c h e d . The p l a n e
o f t h e e y e b o l t s h a l l be i n t h e d i r e c t i o n o f p u l l from t h e c o n n e c t i n g
t a c k l e . The e y e b o l t l o a d i n g s h a l l n o t exceed t h e v a l u e found by a t u l t i -
p l y i n g t h e r a t e d o r nominal c a p a c i t y o f t h e e y e b o l t by t h e e f f i c i e n c y
f a c t o r s p e c i f i e d i n Table A3.2.          A f l a t s p a c e r o r c o u n t e r b o r e may be
provided between a s h o u l d e r e d e y e b o l t and t h e component t o e n s u r e p r o p e r
s e a t i n g o f t h e e y e b o l t s h o u l d e r and a l i g n m e n t . S p a c e r s s h a l l be f l a t ;
s h a l l be no t h i c k e r t h a n 0.0625 times t h e o u t s i d e d i a m e t e r o f t h e
s h o u l d e r o r 1/16 i n . , whichever i s l a r g e r ; s h a l l have a n o u t s i d e
diameter equal t o o r l a r g e r than t h e o u t s i d e diameter of t h e eyebolt
s h o u l d e r and s h a l l have a n i n s i d e d i a m e t e r o f no more t h a n 1 . 1 times t h e
e y e b o l t shank d i a m e t e r p l u s t w i c e t h e f i l l e t r a d i u s between t h e shank
and t h e s h o u l d e r . When non-shouldered e y e b o l t s must be u s e d , a n e n g i -
n e e r i n g a n a l y s i s o f t h e l o a d i n g and load v e c t o r s s h a l l be completed and
approved.


                            T a b l e A3.2      Eyebolt E f f i c i e n c y Factors

        Angle Between D i r e c t i o n o f P u l l                            P e r c e n t o f Rated
        and L o n g i t u d i n a l Axis o f E y e b o l t                        Load C a p a c i t y
        Shank i n t h e Plane o f t h e Eye                                         o f Eyebolt

                           0 degrees
                          15 d e g r e e s
                          3 0 degrees
                          45 d e g r e e s *


        *Maximum a n g l e .



          A3.6.1 E y e b o l t Threads. Threads o f shank s h a l l have C l a s s 2 f i t
and have a minimum o f 1-112 d i a m e t e r s o f engagement. Nuts on
through-eyebolts s h a l l be s e c u r e d w i t h lock w i r e s o r c o t t e r p i n s o r
s h a l l be s e l f - l o c k i n g j t y p e . S h o u l d e r s s h a l l s e t snuggly a g a i n s t t h e
s u r f a c e on which t h e y b e a r .

        A3.6.2 E y e b o l t Shank. The shank s h a l l n o t be u n d e r c u t t o l e s s
t h a n t h e r o o t d i a m e t e r o f t h e t h r e a d , and s h a l l be smoothly r a d i u s e d
i n t o t h e p l a n e o f t h e s h o u l d e r ( o r c o n t o u r o f t h e r i n g f o r non-shoulder
eyebolts).
A3.7    INSPECTION OF EYES, SLINGING EYES, AND EYEBOLTS

     Lifting and slinging eyes used on critical components shall be
certified by the component manufacturer to meet the requirements of this
Annex. Reports of analysis and inspection shall be reviewed by the
responsible manager before the start of the lift or move. Eyes and
other attachments specified to be used during the lift or move shall be
visually inspected before the start of the lift or move. Eyes of
components which consitute a Class I load shall also be examined by the
liquid-penetrant or magnetic-particle method of A1.3 before the start of
the lift or move, by the organization or company responsible for the
lift or move. Eyes and other attachments for components that will con-
stitute a Class 11 load shall be nondestructively examined when speci-
fied by the PIC or procedure. The threaded portion of nonmagnetic eye-
bolts and other attachments are exempt from non-destructive examination
but shall be subjected to a detailed visual examination.

A3.8   LIFTING EYES IN CONCRETE

     Lifting eyes of concrete radiat ion-shielding blocks, test weights
(9.1.5 and 11.51, and other concrete items to be handled in accordance
with this standard shall be designed so that the eye and the concrete
anchor of the eye can withstand a perpendicular or angular tensile pull
0f :


       (a)   for single, 2-leg, and 3-leg lifting configurations, at
             least 150% of the weight of the concrete item, distributed
             among the eyes ;

       (b)   for 4-or-more-leg lifting configurations, at least 100% of
             the weight of the concrete item on each pair of diametrically
             opposite eyes and anchors.

It is recommended that the eye be recessed and that a protective steel
box be provided around the eye, as shown in Fig. A3.1.   Figure A3.1
shows a typical concrete-item lifting-eye and anchor. Guidance for the
placement o f concrete and embedments to avoid voids and porosity that
could degrade the load-holding capacity of the eye is given in American
National Standard N101.6.

A3.9    REFERENCES

ANS N 101.6          Concrete Radiation Shields
Fig. A3.1.   Recessed lifting eye for concrete shielding
             block, test weight, or other concrete items.

				
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