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					                  Republic of Yemen                                                        ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
The l Capital: Sana'a                                                                                                ‫اﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ : ﺻﻨﻌﺎء‬
The Commercial & Economic Capital: Aden                                                               ‫اﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ اﻟﺘﺠﺎرﻳﺔ واﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ: ﻋﺪن‬
1. Location                                                                                                                    ‫أوﻻ :اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬
The Republic of Yemen is Located at the southwest corner of                         .‫ﺗﻘﻊ اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻨﻮب ﺷﺒﻪ اﻟﺠﺰﻳﺮة اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬
the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudia Arabia in the
north, the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Aden in the south, the            ‫ﻳﺤﺪهﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﻤﺎل اﻟﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﻳﺔ وﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻨﻮب اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ‬
Sultanate of Oman in the east and the Red Sea in the west.                .‫وﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻋﺪن وﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﺮق ﺳﻠﻄﻨﺔ ﻋﻤﺎن وﻣﻦ اﻟﻐﺮب اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺣﻤﺮ‬

2. Population                                                                                                                        ‫ﺎ‬
                                                                                                                              ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴ ً:اﻟﺴﻜﺎن‬
The resident population of the Republic of Yemen, according                             ً
                                                                       ‫ﺑﻠﻎ ﻋﺪد اﻟﺴﻜﺎن اﻟﻤﻘﻴﻤﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ وﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬
to the final results of the Population, Housing and                    (19,685,161) ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺪاد اﻟﻌﺎم ﻟﻠﺴﻜﺎن واﻟﻤﺴﺎآﻦ واﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄت 4002م‬
Establishment Census 2004, amounts to 19,685,161                      ‫ﻧﺴﻤﺔ ، ﻳﺘﻮزﻋﻮن ﻋﻠﻰ )02( ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ إﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ أﻣﺎﻧﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ. وﻗﺪر‬
distributed in 20 governorates and the Capital City of Sana’a. It    .‫ﺣﺠﻢ اﻟﺴﻜﺎن ﻓﻲ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻋﺎم 9002م ﺑﺤﻮاﻟﻲ ) 530,294,22( ﻧﺴﻤﺔ‬
is estimated that the population size by the end of 2008 is
about 22,492,035.



3. Physical Divisions :                                                                                                            ً
                                                                                                             :‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ : اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎت اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬
Topographically, Yemen is classified into five regions:             ‫ﺗﻨﻘﺴﻢ اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ اﻟﺘﻜﻮﻳﻨﺎت اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ إﻟﻰ ﺧﻤﺴﺔ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬
                                                                            .(‫)ﺟﺒﻠﻴﺔ ، هﻀﺒﻴﺔ ، ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻴﺔ ، اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻟﺨﺎﻟﻲ ، واﻟﺠﺰر اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
(mountains, plateaus, coast, Empty Quarter (AR-Rub-Alkhali)
and Islands)

A) Mountain regions                                                                                                    :‫أ : اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺠﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬
Mountains in Yemen were formed of lava, resulted from the                ‫ﺗﻜﻮﻧﺖ ﺟﺒﺎل اﻟﻴﻤﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻤﻢ ﺑﺮآﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ اﻟﺘﺼﺪع اﻷﻓﺮﻳﻘﻲ اﻟﺬي أﺣﺪﺛﻪ‬
crack following the famous African Faulting, which took place         ‫اﻷﺧﺪود وأدى إﻟﻰ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺣﻤﺮ وﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻋﺪن ﺑﻤﺤﻮر ﺷﻤﺎل ﺟﻨﻮب ﻣﻮاز‬
along the north - south coast of the Red Sea and the east-west      ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺣﻤﺮ وﻣﺤﻮر ﻏﺮب ﺷﺮق ﻣﻮاز ﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ ﻋﺪن ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺔ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺸﺒﻪ اﻟﺤﺮف‬
coast of the Gulf of Aden, in what appears to be an'L' shape.       ‫ وﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﺠﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺼﺨﻮر اﻟﺒﺮآﺎﻧﻴﺔ اﻟﺮﺳﻮﺑﻴﺔ وﻳﺘﺪرج ارﺗﻔﺎﻋﻬﺎ ﻋﻦ‬L
Geologically, it consists of volcanic rocks. The elevation of                             .(‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﺳﻄﺢ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﻣﺎﺑﻴﻦ )0001م( إﻟﻰ )6663 م‬
these rocks ranges from 1000 mtr to 3666 mtr.


The highest peak on AL- Nabi Shouaib Mountain is (3666)              ‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﺒﻠﻎ أﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺒﻞ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺷﻌﻴﺐ )6663م( وهﻲ أﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ‬
meters . is thehighest one in the Arbian peninsula .Watershed             ‫اﻟﺠﺰﻳﺮة اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ وﻳﻘﻊ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﻓﻲ هﺬﻩ اﻟﺠﺒﺎل ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻨﺤﺪر‬
divisions are Located in these mountains which rum east,                                                      ً      ً     ً
                                                                                                         :‫ﻣﻴﺎهﻬﺎ ﺷﺮﻗﺎ وﻏﺮﺑﺎ وﺟﻨﻮﺑﺎ إﻟﻰ‬
west , and south to:


1- Valleys (Wadian) flowing into the Red Sea, the main ones                                  :‫1- ودﻳﺎن ﺗﺼﺐ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺣﻤﺮ ﻣﻦ أﺑﺮزهﺎ‬
are the following:
- Wadi Haradh, Wadi Maur and Wadi Zabid                                                      . ‫وادي ﺣﺮض ، وادي ﻣﻮر ، ووادي زﺑﻴﺪ‬

2- Valleys ( Wadis) flowing into the Arab Sea & Gulf of Aden,                    : ‫2- ودﻳﺎن ﺗﺼﺐ ﻓﻲ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻋﺪن واﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻣﻦ أﺑﺮزهﺎ‬
the main ones are the following:
Wadi Tuban, Wadi Bana and Wadi Hadramout                                                    . ‫وادي ﺗﺒﻦ ، وادي ﺑﻨﺎ ، ووادي ﺣﻀﺮﻣﻮت‬
3- Other Valleys Wadies that flow to the north and northeas,                           : ‫3- ودﻳﺎن ﺗﻨﺤﺪر إﻟﻰ اﻟﺸﻤﺎل واﻟﺸﻤﺎل اﻟﺸﺮﻗﻲ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬
such as:
Wadi Khubb, Wadi Assadd, Wadi Idhana, Wadi Rama' and                      . ‫وادي ﺧﺐ ، وادي اﻟﺴﺪ ، وادي ﺁذﻧﻪ ، وادي رﻣﻊ ووادي ﺷﻌﻴﺚ‬
Wadi Shuaith

Tablelands within the mountain chains allow the construction            ‫وﺗﺘﺨﻠﻞ اﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ اﻟﺠﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﻮل اﻣﺘﺪادهﺎ ﻗﻴﻌﺎن وأﺣﻮاض ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺔ‬
of dams and reservoirs that, through water channels, irrigate          ‫ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﺈﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺣﻮاﺟﺰ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﻮل وﺳﺪود ﺗﻐﺬى ﻋﺒﺮ ﻗﻨﻮات ﻟﻠﺮي ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺎت‬
vast agricultural areas.                                                        ‫زراﻋﻴﺔ واﺳﻌﺔ، وأهﻢ ﺗﻠﻚ اﻟﻘﻴﻌﺎن ﻗﺎع ﺻﻌﺪﻩ)ﺻﻌﺪﻩ( وﻗﺎع‬
                                                                     ‫اﻟﺒﻮن)ﻋﻤﺮان( ووادي ﺑﻴﺤﺎن )ﺷﺒﻮﻩ( ،وﻗﺎع ﻋﻴﻮﻩ )ﺑﺤﻀﺮﻣﻮت(،و ﻗﺎع‬
The major tablelands are Sa'adah tableland in Sa'ada, Albon                                     . (‫ﺷﻌﻴﺚ )اﻟﻤﻬﺮﻩ ( وﻗﺎع ﺟﻬﺮان )ذﻣﺎر‬
in Amran, Wadi Beihan in Shabwah, Iwah in Hadramout,
Shuaith in Al-Maharah and Jahran in Dhamar

 (B) Plateaus                                                                                                               : ‫ب : اﻟﻬﻀﺎب‬
To the east and the north of mountainous heights, and               ‫ﺗﻘﻊ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺸﺮق واﻟﺸﻤﺎل ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺮﺗﻔﻌﺎت اﻟﺠﺒﻠﻴﺔ وﻣﻮازﻳﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ، ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﺘﺴﻊ‬
parallel to, but they are wider towards AR-Rub-Alkali, and then          ‫أآﺜﺮ ﺑﺎﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻟﺨﺎﻟﻲ وﺗﺒﺪاء ﺑﺎﻹﻧﺨﻔﺎض اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺠﻲ وﻳﺒﻠﻎ أﻗﺼﻰ‬
they gradually decrease. Their maximum elevation is 1000                                              : ‫ارﺗﻔﺎع ﻟﻬﺎ 0001 ﻣﺘﺮ وهﻲ ﺗﺸﻤﻞ‬
meter; they include:

Sa'adah, Al-Jawf, Shabwah, Hadramout and Al-Maharah. The               ‫- ﺻﻌﺪﻩ ، اﻟﺠﻮف ، ﺷﺒﻮة ، ﺣﻀﺮﻣﻮت ، واﻟﻤﻬﺮة . وﺗﺘﺪاﺧﻞ أﻃﺮاف‬
terminations of these areas overlap with the Empty Quarter                                                          ً
                                                                                 .‫هﺬﻩ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺣﺪودﻳﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻟﺨﺎﻟﻲ‬
from the northern side.
                  Republic of Yemen                                                      ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬
(C) Coastal Strip                                                                                               : ‫ج : اﻟﺴﻬﻮل اﻟﺴﺎﺣﻠﻴﺔ‬
These include coastal lands along the Red Sea Gulf Aden, and         ‫وﺗﺸﻤﻞ اﻟﺴﻬﻮل اﻟﺴﺎﺣﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﻄﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺣﻤﺮ وﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻋﺪن واﻟﺒﺤﺮ‬
the Arab sea stretching from the Omani border southwest to           ‫اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ، وهﻲ ﻣﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ اﻟﺒﻌﺾ وﻣﻜﻮﻧﺔ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻲ وﺗﻤﺘﺪ ﻣﻦ‬
Bab Al-Mandab, and extending northward to the borders with         ً
                                                                   ‫اﻟﺤﺪود اﻟﻌﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺟﻨﻮب ﻏﺮب إﻟﻰ ﺑﺎب اﻟﻤﻨﺪب وﻳﺘﻐﻴﺮ اﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺷﻤﺎﻻ‬
Saudi Arbia. The length of the coastal strip is about (2000) km                  ‫ﺎ‬
                                                                        ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺣﺪود اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﻳﺔ وﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﻃﻮﻟﻬﺎ 0052 آﻴﻠﻮ ﻣﺘﺮ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒ ً، وﻳﺘﺮاوح‬
and the width is between 30 and 60km.
                                                                                              .‫ﻋﺮض هﺬﻩ اﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ 03 - 06 آﻴﻠﻮ ﻣﺘﺮ‬

(D) Al-Rub Al-Khali                                                                                             : ‫د : ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻟﺨﺎﻟﻲ‬
It is part of the desert regions of Yemen. The common desert              ‫وهﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺼﺤﺮاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﺨﻠﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻨﺒﺎﺗﺎت‬
vegetation includes some needle plants. They are locally                             .‫اﻻﺑﺮﻳﺔ، ﻣﺜﻞ ﻋﺮوق اﻟﻜﺜﻴﺐ واﻟﺰﻳﺰاء واﻟﻤﻮارد..اﻟﺦ‬
known as Aruq Al-Kuthaib, Zeiza, Mawared, etc.

Some flat lands such as Shoigat Al-Kharita and Maateef and         ‫آﻤﺎ ﺗﻨﺘﺸﺮ اﻟﺸﻘﻖ وهﻲ أراﺿﻲ ﻣﻨﺒﺴﻄﺔ ﻓﻲ أﺟﺰاء ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻟﺨﺎﻟﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ‬
others are also scattered through this area .The seasonal            ‫ﺷﻘﺔ اﻟﺨﺮﻳﻄﺔ واﻟﻤﻌﺎﻃﻴﻒ ... اﻟﺦ. وﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﺠﻤﻌﺎت اﻟﻮدﻳﺎن اﻟﻤﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ‬
Wadis constitute suitable habitat for animal grazing and                 .‫)واﺣﺎت( واﺳﻌﺔ ﺻﺎﻟﺤﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﻋﻲ واﻻﺳﺘﻄﻴﺎن ﻳﺴﻜﻨﻬﺎ اﻟﺒﺪو اﻟﺮﺣﻞ‬
rearing for nomadic settlements.


Through various historical periods, Ar-Rub Al-khali was given       ‫وﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻌﺪدت ﻣﺴﻤﻴﺎت اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻟﺨﺎﻟﻲ ﻋﺒﺮ اﻟﻤﺮاﺣﻞ اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺔ ﻓﻨﺠﺪﻩ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ‬
a number of names, such as (Al-Rajraj Sea), Al-Safi Sea, the         ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻟﺮﺟﺮاج واﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ، واﻟﺼﺤﺮاء اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ اﻟﻜﺒﺮى، وﺻﺤﺮى‬
Great Yemeni Desert and Al-Ahqaf Desert etc.                                                                         .‫اﻻﺣﻘﺎف ... اﻟﺦ‬

(E) The Yemeni Islands                                                                                     : ‫هـ : ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻟﺠﺰر اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬

Yemeni Islands spread on the regional water of Yemen in the               ‫ﺗﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻟﺠﺰر اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ اﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻴﻤﻦ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ‬
red and Arabian sea, having their own distinctive climate,              ‫اﻷﺣﻤﺮ واﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ وﻟﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺧﻬﺎ وﻃﻘﺴﻬﺎ وﺑﻴﺌﺘﻬﺎ اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ، وﻟﻬﺎ‬
environment and weather, and natural characteristics; the            ‫ﺗﻀﺎرﻳﺴﻬﺎ وﺗﻜﻮﻳﻨﺎﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ وﺗﺘﺮآﺰ أآﺜﺮهﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺣﻤﺮ ﻣﻮزﻋﺔ‬
most ones are scattered in the red sea along of the coast. The            ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﺎذاة اﻟﺸﺎﻃﺊ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻲ أهﻤﻬﺎ وأآﺒﺮهﺎ ﺟﺰﻳﺮة آﻤﺮان اﻟﻤﺄهﻮﻟﺔ‬
most important and the biggest one is Kamaran where the
                                                                   ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻜﺎن وﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺤﻴﻮاﻧﺎت اﻟﺒﺮﻳﺔ اﻟﻨﺎدرة ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ أرﺧﺒﻴﻞ ﺣﻨﻴﺶ.أﻣﺎ‬
population is inhabited with some of rarely wild animals, as
                                                                           ‫ﺟﺰﻳﺮة ﻣﻴﻮن ) ﺑﺮﻳﻢ ( ﻓﻠﻬﺎ أهﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻜﻤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻬﺎ‬
well as Huneish's archipelagos.
The Mayoon Island (Breem) has a specific strategic                  ‫اﻻﺳﺘﺮاﺗﻴﺠﻲ اﻟﻤﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻀﻴﻖ ﺑﺎب اﻟﻤﻨﺪب.أﻣﺎ اﻟﺠﺰر اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ‬
importance due to its location controlling the strait of Bab Al-         ‫اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻓﺘﺘﻮاﺟﺪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎرﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ أﺷﻬﺮهﺎ أرﺧﺒﻴﻞ ﺳﻘﻄﺮى ﻣﻮﻃﻦ‬
Mandab. The Yemeni Islands in the Arabian sea are located              ‫أﺷﺠﺎر اﻟﻌﻨﺪم ودم اﻷﺧﻮﻳﻦ ذات اﻷهﻤﻴﺔ اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ واﻟﻌﻼﺟﻴﺔ وﺗﺸﻤﻞ‬
more closely together; Socotras's archipelagos is the most                 ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﺰر )ﺳﻘﻄﺮى، ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻜﻮري، ﺳﻤﺤﺔ، درﺳﻪ، ﺻﻴﺎل‬
famous for being the home of the dragon tree and span wood,          ،‫ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻜﻮري، ﺻﻴﺎل ﺳﻘﻄﺮى( واﻟﺼﺨﻮر )ﺻﻴﺮة، ﻋﺪﻟﻪ، ﺻﻴﻬﺮ، ﺟﺎﻟﺺ‬
some unique trees with significant medical and economic                  ‫ردد، آﺮﺷﺢ، ذاﻋﻦ ذﺗﻞ( ، اﻟﻤﻨﺎخ:-ﺣﺎر رﻃﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺸﺮﻳﻂ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﻠﻲ‬
values. It includes                                                 ،‫ﻣﻌﺘﺪل ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺮﺗﻔﻌﺎت اﻟﺠﺒﻠﻴﺔ وﻣﻨﺎخ ﺻﺤﺮاوي ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺼﺤﺮاوﻳﺔ‬
 a group of islands (Socatra, Abdu Alkuri, Samhah, Darsah,           ، ‫ﺗﺴﻘﻂ/ﺗﻬﻄﻞ اﻷﻣﻄﺎر ﻋﻠﻰ أراﺿﻲ اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪار ﻓﺼﻮل اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬
Siyal Abdu Alkuri, Siyal Suqatra), and rocks (Sirah, Adlah,               ‫وﺗﺘﻔﺎوت آﻤﻴﺔ ﺳﻘﻮط اﻷﻣﻄﺎر ﻣﻦ ﻓﺼﻞ اﻟﻰ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻘﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻓﺼﻞ‬
Sayhar, Jalis, Radad, Karshah and Dhatil Dhain. For climate,         ‫اﻟﺸﺘﺎء وﺗﺰداد ﻓﻲ ﻓﺼﻠﻲ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ واﻟﺮﺑﻴﻊ ، وﺗﺼﻞ إﻟﻰ أﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺗﻬﺎ‬
(hot and humid on the coastal strip, moderate on the                                     . (‫ﺧﻼل اﻷﺷﻬﺮ اﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ )ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ ، ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ ، أﻏﺴﻄﺲ‬
mountains, and desert climate in the desert areas. For rainfall,
It spans the whole year, being different in quantity from
season to another that it minimizes in the winter and to
maximize in both the summer and spring, as well as reaching
to the highest levels during the months of June, July and
August.



Fourth: Climate                                                                                                                    ً
                                                                                                                        : ‫راﺑﻌﺎ : اﻟﻤﻨﺎخ‬
Hot and humid on the coastal strip, moderate on the                    ‫ﺣﺎر رﻃﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺸﺮﻳﻂ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﻠﻲ ﻣﻌﺘﺪل ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺮﺗﻔﻌﺎت اﻟﺠﺒﻠﻴﺔ وﻣﻨﺎخ‬
mountains and desert climate in desert areas.                                                        .‫ﺻﺤﺮاوي ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺼﺤﺮاوﻳﺔ‬

Rainfall spans the whole year, varying in quantity from season      ، ‫ﺗﺴﻘﻂ/ﺗﻬﻄﻞ اﻷﻣﻄﺎر ﻋﻠﻰ أراﺿﻲ اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪار ﻓﺼﻮل اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬
to season. Rain decreases in winter, increases in summer and             ‫وﺗﺘﻔﺎوت آﻤﻴﺔ ﺳﻘﻮط اﻷﻣﻄﺎر ﻣﻦ ﻓﺼﻞ اﻟﻰ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻘﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻓﺼﻞ‬
spring and reaches its highest level in June, July and August.      ‫اﻟﺸﺘﺎء وﺗﺰداد ﻓﻲ ﻓﺼﻠﻲ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ واﻟﺮﺑﻴﻊ ، وﺗﺼﻞ اﻟﻰ أﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺗﻬﺎ‬
                                                                                         .(‫ﺧﻼل اﻷﺷﻬﺮ اﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ)ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ ، ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ، أﻏﺴﻄﺲ‬

				
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