Dante Alighieri by ewghwehws

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									Dante Alighieri

The Divine Comedy
           Biography of Dante

• Born in Florence, Italy, in 1265

• Exiled from Florence in 1300

  – Political party was overthrown

  – Civil war was the result of a fight
               The Comedy
• It is unknown when Dante began writing his
  masterpiece The Comedy.
• Traditionally defined, a comedy begins in
  sorrow and ends in joy.
• Dante just called his work The Comedy, later
  Italian writers called it The Divine Comedy.
• It appears that he had finished the first of its
  three parts by 1314.
• He finished the last part only shortly before
  his death in 1321.
                 Brief Plot
• Begins with Dante in a dark wood.
• Trying to find his way out he climbs up a
  mountain, but it driven back by three beast
  who block him.
• In fear, he runs toward an approaching man to
  ask for help.
• The man is Virgil his guide through Hell,
  Purgatory, and Heaven.
• Virgil tells Dante that he has been sent by
  Beatrice (a woman who Dante loved) to guide
  him through his spiritual journey.
• Dante follows Virgil, who conducts him
  through Hell, a funnel-shaped region under
  the surface of the earth, with a series of
  terraces that form narrowing circles on which
  various kinds of evil deeds are punished, down
  to the center.
• They reach the end of the funnel and the
  directions up and down are reversed.
• Here they enter a tunnel which leads them
  out on the other side of the earth, opposite of
  Jerusalem.
• They are at Mount Purgatory, and they climb
  it.
• At the summit of the mount they find Eden,
  the earthly Paradise.
• In Paradise, Beatrice, Dante’s lover,
  accompanies him to Heaven.
• Once he gets to Heaven, he sees all of the hosts
  (angels) of Heaven, and is given a vision of the
  glory of God.
• This is where the poem ends.
• The Divine Comedy is composed of over 14,000
  lines.
• Those lines are divided into three canticas (or
  hymns), Inferno, Purgatory, and Paradise.
• Each canticas is divided into 33 cantos (or a large
  division of poetry).
• Canto 1 serves as an introduction.
• There are 100 cantos counting the introduction.
• 3 is a very prominent number in this work.
                  Dante’s Hell
• Located inside the earth.
• There are nine circles
• Each circle is smaller than the one above and
  contains a different class of sinners.
• Lesser sins are punished in the top circles
• As sins become greater the punishment gets
  harsher, and the circles narrow.
• Lucifer is in the center of the lowest circle (frozen
  lake).
              Greek Influence
• The five rivers of the Greek underworld
  appear in the work
  – four in The Inferno
  – Lethe as the transition from Purgatory to Paradise.
• Charon acts as a ferry operator and refuses
  Dante because he is not dead.
• Minos (son of Zeus and Europa), transformed
  into a bull-monster.

								
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