# Glencoe Algebra

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```					Five-Minute Check (over Lesson 6–7)
Then/Now
Key Concept: Rational Zero Theorem
Example 1: Identify Possible Zeros
Example 2: Real-World Example: Find Rational Zeros
Example 3: Find All Zeros
Over Lesson 6–7

Solve x2 + 4x + 7 = 0.

A.

B.
A.   A
C.                                                   B.   B
C.   C
D.
0%   0%
D.
0%
D
0%

A

B

C

D
Over Lesson 6–7

What best describes the roots of the equation
2x3 + 5x2 – 23x + 10 = 0?

A. 3 imaginary

B. 2 imaginary                                     A.   A
B.   B
C. 3 real                                          C.   C
0%   0%
D.
0%
D
0%
D. 2 real
A

B

C

D
Over Lesson 6–7

How many negative real zeros does
p(x) = x4 – 7x3 + 2x2 – 6x – 2 have?

A. 3

B. 2                                                 A.   A
B.   B
C. 1
C.   C
D. 0
0%   0%
D.
0%
D
0%

A

B

C

D
Over Lesson 6–7

What is the least degree of a polynomial function
with zeros that include 5 and 3i?

A. 4

B. 3                                               A.   A
B.   B
C. 2
C.   C
D. 1
0%   0%
D.
0%
D
0%

A

B

C

D
Over Lesson 6–7

Which of the following is not a zero of
4x3 + 9x2 + 22x + 5?

A.

B.                                                  A.   A
B.   B
C. –1 + 2i
C.   C
D. –1 – 2i
0%   0%
D.
0%
D
0%

A

B

C

D
You found zeros of quadratic functions of the
form f(x) = ax 2 + bx + c. (Lesson 5–3)

• Identify possible rational zeros of a
polynomial function.
• Find all of the rational zeros of a polynomial
function.
Identify Possible Zeros

A. List all of the possible rational zeros of
f(x) = 3x4 – x3 + 4.

Identify Possible Zeros

B. List all of the possible rational zeros of
f(x) = x4 + 7x3 – 15.

Since the coefficient of x4 is 1, the possible zeros must
be a factor of the constant term –15.

Answer: So, the possible rational zeros are ±1, ±3, ±5,
and ±15.
A. List all of the possible rational zeros of
f(x) = 2x3 + x + 6.

A.

B.
A.   A
C.                                                     B.   B
C.   C
D.                                           0%   0%
D.
0%
D
0%

A

B

C

D
B. List all of the possible rational zeros of
f(x) = x3 + 3x + 24.

A.

B.
A.        A
C.                                                  B.        B
C.        C
D.
D.
0%   0%
D
0%   0%

A

B

C

D
Find Rational Zeros

GEOMETRY The volume of a rectangular solid is
1120 cubic feet. The width is 2 feet less than the
height, and the length is 4 feet more than the
height. Find the dimensions of the solid.

Let x = the height,
x – 2 = the width, and
x + 4 = the length.
Find Rational Zeros

Write the equation for volume.
ℓ●w●h =V                 Formula for volume
Substitute.

Multiply.

Subtract 1120 from
each side.
The leading coefficient is 1, so the possible integer
zeros are factors of 1120. Since length can only be
positive, we only need to check positive zeros.
Find Rational Zeros

The possible factors are 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 14, 16, 20,
28, 32, 35, 40, 56, 70, 80, 112, 140, 160, 224, 280,
560, and 1120. By Descartes’ Rule of Signs, we know
that there is exactly one positive real root. Make a
table and test possible real zeros.

So, the zero is 10. The other dimensions are
10 – 2 or 8 feet and 10 + 4 or 14 feet.
Find Rational Zeros

Answer: ℓ = 14 ft, w = 8 ft, and h = 10 ft

Check      Verify that the dimensions are correct.
10 × 8 × 14 = 1120 
GEOMETRY The volume of a
rectangular solid is 100 cubic
feet. The width is 3 feet less
than the height and the length
is 5 feet more than the height.
What are the dimensions of the
solid?
A.   A
A. h = 6, ℓ = 11, w = 3
B.   B
B. h = 5, ℓ = 10, w = 2
C.   C
C. h = 7, ℓ = 12, w = 4               0%   0%   D.
0%   D
0%

D. h = 8, ℓ = 13, w = 5
A

B

C

D
Find All Zeros

Find all of the zeros of f(x) = x4 + x3 – 19x2 + 11x + 30.
From the corollary to the Fundamental Theorem of
Algebra, we know there are exactly 4 complex roots.
According to Descartes’ Rule of Signs, there are 2 or 0
positive real roots and 2 or 0 negative real roots.
The possible rational zeros are 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 10,
15, and 30.
Make a table and test some possible rational zeros.
Find All Zeros

Since f(2) = 0, you know that x = 2 is a zero.
The depressed polynomial is x3 + 3x2 – 13x – 15.
Find All Zeros

Since x = 2 is a positive real zero, and there can only
be 2 or 0 positive real zeros, there must be one more
positive real zero. Test the next possible rational zeros
on the depressed polynomial.

There is another zero at x = 3. The depressed
polynomial is x2 + 6x + 5.
Find All Zeros

Factor x2 + 6x + 5.
Write the depressed
polynomial.

Factor.

or                Zero Product Property

There are two more real roots at x = –5 and x = –1.

Answer: The zeros of this function are –5, –1, 2,
and 3.
Find all of the zeros of
f(x) = x4 + 4x3 – 14x2 – 36x + 45.

A. –10, –3, 1, and 3

B. –5, 1, and 3
A.   A
C. –5 and –3                                       B.   B
C.   C
D. –5, –3, 1 and 3                       0%   0%
D.
0%
D
0%

A

B

C

D

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