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Anticipation Guides

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					Anticipation Guides
 Presented by Jane Baker
   Reading First Cadre
        What is an
    anticipation guide?
• Tool for developing reading
  comprehension
• Tool for engaging students with the
  text
• A worksheet! But what sets it apart
  from a traditional worksheet is the
  way that it is used.
        What is an
    anticipation guide?
• A strategy that forecasts the major
  ideas contained in a passage through
  the use of statements that activate
  students’ thoughts and opinions.
     How do anticipation
    guides help students?
• By calling on their prior knowledge
• By building their prediction skills
• By setting a purpose for reading
• By encouraging students to take risks
• By encouraging them to reflect on what
  they have read
• By promoting active reading and critical
  thinking
Narrative or Expository?
• Both!
• Adaptable to both narrative and
  expository texts
  When should I use an
   anticipation guide?
• To build oral reading comprehension,
  use for shared reading activities.
• To build listening comprehension, use
  for whole-class read-alouds.
• To build silent reading
  comprehension, use for small, guided
  reading groups.
     What forms do
anticipation guides take?
•   Agree/Disagree
•   True/False
•   Yes/No
•   Sequencing
•   Multiple Choice
•   Fill in the Blanks
•   Circle or Check
         Basic Steps
1. Make predictions based on the
   cover and title.
2. Have students complete the
   anticipation guide.
3. Read the text.
4. Have students reflect on the text.
5. Discuss.
  Jane’s Tips for Developing
 Your Own Anticipation Guides
1. Identify the author’s focus in the story
   you choose.
2. Determine how to focus the anticipation
   guide so that it plays to that story’s
   strengths.
3. Write statements for which information
   can be identified in the story that
   supports and/or opposes each statement.
        Choosing a Focus
• If the focus of the text is step-by-step
  narrative, choose a sequencing form.
• If the focus of the text is strong dialogue,
  choose a multiple choice form.
• If the focus of the text is factual information,
  choose a fill-in-the-blank form.
• If the focus of the book is strong characters,
  choose a character multiple choice form.
• If the focus of the book is descriptive language,
  choose a descriptive phrases multiple choice form.
• If the focus of the book is personal empathy,
  choose an agree/disagree form.
         More Ideas
• Working in pairs, have students
  create an anticipation guide for a
  story. Have partners trade
  anticipation guides and books to
  complete and read independently.
  When finished, students can discuss
  the results with their partners.
         More Ideas
• In small groups, have students work
  together to act out what they
  anticipate the story will be about.
  After reading the story, have
  students revise their skit to reflect
  what the text was really about.
  Encourage students to discuss the
  differences between the two skits.
         More Ideas
• Use anticipation guides with certain
  students who you suspect have
  comprehension difficulties. When
  the larger group reads the story, the
  kids who you’ve jumpstarted are
  prepared to read more actively. This
  acts to “even the playing field” for
  these students among their peers.
             Resources

• www.readwritethink.org
• Anticipation Guides: Ready-to-Use Guides & Fun
  Activities to Boost Reading Comprehension by
  Joanne Hines & Pamela Vincent
• Differentiating Instruction in a Whole-Group
  Setting by Betty Hollas
• Classroom Strategies for Interactive Learning by
  Doug Buehl
• Guided Comprehension in the Primary Grades by
  Maureen McLaughlin

				
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