Presented by Jane Baker
Reading First Cadre
What is an
• Tool for developing reading
• Tool for engaging students with the
• A worksheet! But what sets it apart
from a traditional worksheet is the
way that it is used.
What is an
• A strategy that forecasts the major
ideas contained in a passage through
the use of statements that activate
students’ thoughts and opinions.
How do anticipation
guides help students?
• By calling on their prior knowledge
• By building their prediction skills
• By setting a purpose for reading
• By encouraging students to take risks
• By encouraging them to reflect on what
they have read
• By promoting active reading and critical
Narrative or Expository?
• Adaptable to both narrative and
When should I use an
• To build oral reading comprehension,
use for shared reading activities.
• To build listening comprehension, use
for whole-class read-alouds.
• To build silent reading
comprehension, use for small, guided
What forms do
anticipation guides take?
• Multiple Choice
• Fill in the Blanks
• Circle or Check
1. Make predictions based on the
cover and title.
2. Have students complete the
3. Read the text.
4. Have students reflect on the text.
Jane’s Tips for Developing
Your Own Anticipation Guides
1. Identify the author’s focus in the story
2. Determine how to focus the anticipation
guide so that it plays to that story’s
3. Write statements for which information
can be identified in the story that
supports and/or opposes each statement.
Choosing a Focus
• If the focus of the text is step-by-step
narrative, choose a sequencing form.
• If the focus of the text is strong dialogue,
choose a multiple choice form.
• If the focus of the text is factual information,
choose a fill-in-the-blank form.
• If the focus of the book is strong characters,
choose a character multiple choice form.
• If the focus of the book is descriptive language,
choose a descriptive phrases multiple choice form.
• If the focus of the book is personal empathy,
choose an agree/disagree form.
• Working in pairs, have students
create an anticipation guide for a
story. Have partners trade
anticipation guides and books to
complete and read independently.
When finished, students can discuss
the results with their partners.
• In small groups, have students work
together to act out what they
anticipate the story will be about.
After reading the story, have
students revise their skit to reflect
what the text was really about.
Encourage students to discuss the
differences between the two skits.
• Use anticipation guides with certain
students who you suspect have
comprehension difficulties. When
the larger group reads the story, the
kids who you’ve jumpstarted are
prepared to read more actively. This
acts to “even the playing field” for
these students among their peers.
• Anticipation Guides: Ready-to-Use Guides & Fun
Activities to Boost Reading Comprehension by
Joanne Hines & Pamela Vincent
• Differentiating Instruction in a Whole-Group
Setting by Betty Hollas
• Classroom Strategies for Interactive Learning by
• Guided Comprehension in the Primary Grades by