NOTE TAKING SYSTEM
• Cornell note taking stimulates
critical thinking skills.
• Note taking helps students
remember what is said in class.
• A good set of notes can help
students work on assignments
and prepare for tests outside of
• Good notes allow students to help
each other problem solve.
• Good Notes help students organize
and process data and information.
• Helps student recall by
getting them to process
their notes 3 times.
• Writing is a great tool for learning!
How to remember information
Studies have shown that it takes a person seeing,
hearing,, writing, reading etc.. an average of
SIX TIMES to retain information long term.
• The same study shows that, if an idea is
repeated at least six times with periods like
sleeping in between, a person will remember
about 70% of the information instead of less
than 15% of the information if it is not
The study also shows that…
When 100 people hear an idea, 25 will forget the idea
within the first 24 hours, 50 will forget it within 28
hours, 85 will forget it in 4 days, and 98 will forget it by
16 days. Unless you are one of the lucky 2 in 100 who
will not forget, write it down and review it!! You can
not possible remember everything your teachers say or
everything you read.
• So…..TAKE CORNELL NOTES AND USE THEM!!
Review, Review, Review
• And remember, it takes time and practice to be good at
% Retention of Information
• As you can see from
this graph, the use of
C-notes and it’s
review and reflection
definitely help with
processing and recall
of information from
your lectures or
• Developed in 1949 at Cornell
University by Walter Pauk.
• Designed in response to frustration
over student test scores.
• Meant to be easily used
as a test study guide.
• Adopted by most major law schools
as the preferred note taking method.
Question Record Column
--2 Inches-- --6 Inches--
After the lecture, Record patterns of main idea and
– write questions in support
this column for • in your own words when possible.
each main point
in the record
column. Use indentations
• to show the relationships between
main ideas and
Write main ideas and supporting material in
the right column
– Use signals from the lecture
• Titles & keywords= topics main ideas
• “Transition” words/phrases introduce details
– First, most, some, this is called, there are two types
– Use abbreviations to get the full idea.
– Leave spaces between ideas so you can
• fill in more later.
• see how ideas relate to one another
Write questions in the left column of your
notes to quiz yourself on the material.
– Write questions in the question column on the
same line as the item the question addresses in
the record column
– Write a question for each new
• Main idea
• Significant detail
– Write questions for details on which
you think your professor will quiz you.
Answer your questions in the left
– Cover the Record Column.
– Read your questions in the Question
This will help
– Using your own words, answer your
transfer ideas questions out loud.
to your long-
term memory! – Uncover your notes and check what you
have said against the facts.
Review to improve your memory.
– If you spend 10 minutes every week or so in
a quick review of your notes,
• you will retain most of what you have studied
• you won’t have to cram during an “all-nighter”
• you will relate the facts and ideas to
present lectures or readings.
Here is the text.
In the “Legend of Sleepy Hollow,” there are four main characters –
including one that may mat really exist. The first and most important
character is Ichabod Crane. He is an ambitious schoolteacher, who
hopes to marry the second character, Katrina Van Tassel. Katrina is the
handsome daughter of a wealthy farmer. The third character is Brom
Bones. He is Ichabod’s rival for Katrinia, and he is also well known for
his practical jokes. The fourth and final character is the frightening,
ghostly figure of the Headless Horseman, who terrifies Ichabod into
running away. But Irving strongly hints that this might simply be another
of the characters in disguise.
Here are the notes:
The Legend of Sleepy Hollow – 4 Main Characters
1st character? 1. Ichabod Crane
Job? • Most important
• School teacher
• Wants to marry Katrina
2nd character? 2. Katrina Van Tassel
Description? • Beautiful daughter of wealthy farmer
3rd character? 3. Brom Bones
Interested in? • Also wants to marry Katrina
• Well known for practical jokes
4th character 4. Headless Horseman
Real or not?
Scares who? • Scary ghost
Might be who? • Scares Ichabod away
• Might be another character [Brom?] in disguise
Keep a separate notebook or binder for each
Notes for each lecture should begin on a
Date and number all pages.
Never use a sentence when you can use a
phrase, or a phrase when you can use a
Notetaking Tips, Cont.
Use indentations to distinguish between
major and minor points.
Put most notes in your own words, except
formulas , definitions, and specific facts
Use abbreviations and symbols wherever
If you completely don’t understand an idea,
leave a blank space and ask your professor for
help on it.
Notetaking Tips, Cont.
Develop a code system of note-marking to
indicate questions, comments, important points
Mark unfamiliar vocabulary & unclear ideas in
Highlight vocabulary in pink.
Circle ideas that are still unclear
Make sure you can understand what you have
written and if needed, make corrections.
Use drawings, arrows or other organizers to help
you see concepts and relationships between them
• Compare notes with a
• Talk about what you
wrote and why. Look
for gaps & missed info.
• Both partners should feel
free to add to their notes.
• With your partner(s),
create questions in the
left hand column.
• These questions should
elicit critical thinking
– Levels 3 through 6 in
1. KNOWLEDGE: recalling information
2. COMPREHENSION: understanding
3. APPLICATION: using learning in new
4. ANALYSIS: ability to see parts &
5. SYNTHESIS: Use parts to create a new
6. EVALUATION: judgment based on
Your questions should reflect:
• Info you don’t understand or
want to discuss with your
• Info you think would go good
on an essay test.
• Gaps in your notes.
Recall Clue Column Record Column
Propaganda Techniques in Advertising
Propaganda used by politicians, writers.
Define "Propaganda" Also by advertisers.
Def: Messages intended to persuade audiences to adopt a certain opinion.
List 4 common tech. used by Advertisers use propaganda. 4 techniques common.
Def: Celebrities used to pitch idea, sell product;
Audience associate star qualities of celebrity w/ product.
Define & explain Ex. Michael Jordan sells Nike shoes
Def: Encourages people to buy b/c e'one is doing it.
Ads urge you to get on board; don't get left out.
Define & explain Ex. "All over America, people are switching to...."
3. Plain Folks
Def: Product associated with ordinary folks like you & me.
Ads use "regular", next-door-neighbor types to sell product.
Define & explain "plain folks" Ex. New mother in hospital uses Tylenol.
Product associated with s'thing that is attractive or respectable.
Car ads show gorgeous model - audience transfer feelings about model to car.
Ads use patriotic symbols like bald eagle - audience transfers patriotic feelings
to product, company.
Define & explain "transfer" Ex. Wal-Mart claims to sell only made-in-USA products.
Advertisers use propaganda.
Propaganda = Messages intended to persuade audiences to adopt a certain opinion.
4 common propaganda techniques used by advertisers:
1. Testimonial: celebrity endorses product.
2. Bandwagon: everybody is buying product.
3. Plain Folks: ordinary, non-glamorous people like us use it.
4. Transfer: transfer feelings of admiration to product.
(Questions (Diagram copied
about it ) during lecture)
• How do the
ticks find the
• Why don’t the
kill their host?
• How could
Be an Active Reader
• Think about the reading
– Consider how the parts relate to the
whole; how the text relates to
– Create questions about new words/
terms, why emphasized points are
– Examine what you have
learned from visuals
Be Aware of Textbook Organization
• Look for the pattern in elements like
chapter /subsection headings,
summary points, graphics
• Know where to find the index and
Use the text style to identify important points
• Become familiar with the font, symbols,
borders, graphics, colors, and layout
that highlight main ideas or terms
• Be alert to the writer's goal: highlight
ideas/ references /opinions that seem
significant to their
point of view
Take notes while reading
• Include headings, key terms, & graphics
• Take down only the important ideas:
brief, but clear
• Summarize in your own words
• Use symbols to highlight for review
• Use textbook review
questions to develop
Review textbook notes
• Identify main ideas
• Fill in details for better understanding
• Identify unclear information and/or
questions - collaborate for answers
• Delete unnecessary information
• Review note organization;
add symbols or rewrite
• Write a summary
• Use discussion topics/questions
organize your notes
• Use symbols for important ideas
• Include your own responses in notes
• Develop questions to review later
• Add references to other
material as they come