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					 Grammar
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     • Would like
     • Would prefer
     • Would rather
            Would like:
  We use the modal expression ‘would like’ in
  English to talk about our desires and wants.

Would like is a more formal way to say “want.”

Here are some
1. I would like to take a trip.


   2. Sandra and her husband would
     like to have a June wedding.

3. Carl would like a raise, but
he’s too nervous to ask his
boss.
“Would like” can be used for either
present or future desires.

     Present Tense (or general) desires:
1.    I would like a house by the ocean.
2.    They would like to improve their English.
3.    The students would like to take a break.
• Desires for the Future:
1.   I would like to take an Italian class someday.
2.   My family would like to visit San Diego soon.
         The FORM of would like

In the expression would like, which word is an
  auxiliary and which word is a verb?
Auxiliary =                   Verb =

This means that you can use ‘would like’ with any subject
in English. It’s not necessary to change WOULD.
‘Would like’ can be followed by a noun or a verb. If
you want to use a verb after the expression ‘would like’
it must be in the infinitive.
The infinitive =
             TO + simple form of verb

In English we say . . .

I would like TO WIN the lottery.


                   NOT . . .

I would like WIN the lottery.
      Contractions with would

Americans often use contractions in English,
especially when speaking. Pronouns can be
contracted with WOULD to make the following:


                        like . . .
                           Practice:
Say the following sentences using WOULD LIKE:

1. Marla wants to find a better paying job.

2. They want to buy a new car soon.

3. I want a new, more comfortable sofa.
            Would prefer &
            Would rather
   We use the modal expressions “would
    prefer” and “would rather” to talk about
    our preferences in English.

   These two expression mean the same thing
    and are synonyms for the verb “prefer.”
 As with “would like,” “would prefer” and
 “would rather” can be used for present or
 future preferences.

  Here are some Examples . . .

Present (or general) preferences:
1. A. Would you prefer coffee or tea?
   B. I think I would prefer coffee this morning.

Future preferences:
1. A. We would rather live near the beach than in
   the mountains.
2. We would prefer to live near the beach.
               The forms
    of would prefer & would rather

             1. Would Prefer:
   Would prefer can be used with either a
    noun or a verb:
           They would prefer coffee.
           They would prefer to drink coffee.

**Notice that if you use a verb
with would prefer, the verb is
in the infinitive form.
              The negative
           of “would prefer”
    Use would prefer NOT + infinitive
Examples . . .
1.   They would prefer NOT to drive because
     they don’t know this area well.

1.   She would prefer NOT to take classes in the
     afternoon. The morning is more convenient
     for her to study.
              2. Would Rather:
   “Would rather” can ONLY be used
    with either a verb:
           They would rather have coffee than tea.

NOT:       They would rather coffee.

**Notice that the verb that follows would
rather must be in the simple form (NO ‘to’).
The negative of “would rather”

    Use would rather NOT + simple form
Examples . . .
1.   We would rather NOT go out tonight
     because we have to get up early tomorrow.

1.   She would rather NOT buy a house in this
     area because it’s too far from her work.
Contractions:
  We often use contractions with “would prefer”
  and “would rather.” Pronouns can be
  contracted with WOULD to make the
  following:
I would prefer/rather    = I’d prefer / I’d rather
We would prefer/rather = we’d prefer / we’d rather
They’d prefer / They’d rather
You’d prefer / You’d rather
He’d prefer / He’d rather
She’d prefer / She’d rather
More examples:
1.   I’d rather visit France than Japan.
2.   The students would prefer to do
     speaking activities in class.
3.   We would rather not take a break
     now. Let’s take a break later.
4.   Sam would prefer not to work on
     Saturdays because he would like to
     spend time with his family.
Practice . . .
1.   Would you prefer to eat Italian food or
     Chinese food?
2.   Would you rather travel to India or China?
3.   Would you prefer to work 5 8-hour days or
     4 10-hour days?
4.   Would you rather have a cat, a dog,
     or a dog?
For more practice . . .
 Click on or go to the following website. Do
 this activity with a partner, if possible:

  http://www.quia.com/quiz/737156.html

				
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