Going from there to here.
Migration is a type of mobility that involves the
spatial movement of a residence particularly
when that movement involves longer distances,
time spent in the new location, and political
boundaries crossed. Movement with the intent to
stay is an important consideration in migration,
but may not be the defining variable.
People migrate in
some form of
Types of Stress
with common examples
Economic – “I can’t afford to live here
Political – “My neighbors are too
Cultural – “The neighborhood has
Environmental – “It stinks out here.”
Push and Pull Factors
Push and pull factors
are factors that
make you want to
leave one location
and go to another.
Push factors are characteristics of your
current location that make you want to
leave it. They are negative factors.
Pull factors are characteristics of your
destination that make you want to go
there. They are positive factors.
Types of Migration
Forced or Involuntary
Impelled or “Voluntary under duress”
peoples moving in
decision to move is
made at the group,
rather than the
Forced or Involuntary Migration
Occurs when people
are forced to move
out of an area. It is
Also called “Voluntary,
but under duress,”
this occurs when the
individual makes the
decision to move but
is offered little or no
political regimes, war
zones, and natural
This type of migration occurs when people
(an individual or a group) make the
decision to move based on utility.
This type of migration occurs when people,
either as an individual or a group, cross a
political border without official approval.
This occurs when
people move back
to their original
This type of
when people move
back to their
because they were
not successful in
the new location.
Other types of Migrants
Refugees are people seeking refuge. Refugees are
impelled to move and frequently want to return
to their original location after the reason they left
is no longer present. Asylum seekers typically
seek “political refugee” status.
These are people who
move in response to
some form of
immediate disaster or
threat. They intend to
return to their original
location as soon as
the threat has passed.
Evacuees may be
“impelled” to move by
a government or other
Internally Displaced Persons
These are people who leave their homes but remain
within their own country. They may be forced
from their homes due to a disaster or natural
hazard. They may be refugees or evacuees, but
they do not cross international borders. They
intend to return to their homes.
Ravenstein’s “Laws of Migration”
The majority of migrants travel only a short
Migration proceeds through a series of steps.
Migrants moving longer distances go to
centers of industry or commerce.
Each current of migration produces a smaller
People are less likely to move
if they live in a large city.
Females are more migratory within their country of
birth, whereas males are more likely to migrate beyond
their native country. International migrants are more
typically young males.
Most migrants are adults.
Families rarely migrate as a group
outside their country of birth.
Large cities and towns grow more through
migration than natural increase.
Migration increases in volume with
improvement in infrastructure.
The primary direction of movement is
rural to urban.
The major causes of migration are economic.