Unity and Sectionalism
Guided Reading 10.3
DIRECTIONS: Outlining Locate the heading in your textbook. Then use the information under the heading to help you
write each answer. Use another sheet of paper if necessary.
I. The Era of Good Feelings Why did a Boston newspaper call the years of James Monroe’s presidency
the “Era of Good Feelings”?
II. Sectionalism Grows
A. Introduction—On what points did the different regions disagree?
B. John C. Calhoun—What did Calhoun believe about high tariffs?
C. Daniel Webster—What region did the great orator Daniel Webster represent?
D. Henry Clay—How did Clay try to bring conflicting interests together?
E. The Missouri Compromise—What were the terms of the Missouri Compromise?
III. The American System
A. Introduction—What did Clay’s American System include?
B. McCulloch v. Maryland—How did the Supreme Court rule in McCulloch v. Maryland?
IV. Foreign Affairs
A. Relations With Britain—Through Adams’s efforts, where did Americans gain the right to settle?
B. Relations With Spain—What did General Jackson do in April 1818?
C. Adams-Onís Treaty—What did Jackson’s raid demonstrate to the Spanish?
V. Latin American Republics
A. Bolívar and San Martín—What are the achievements of José de San Martín?
B. The Monroe Doctrine—What did the president state in the Monroe Doctrine?
DIRECTIONS: Organizing Facts - complete the diagram by writing the letters of the words from the
Fact Bank in the correct boxes. Some items fit in more than one box.
A. favored tariffs
B. War Hawk
C. helped work out Missouri Compromise
D. Speaker of the House of Representatives from Kentucky
E. planter from South Carolina
F. said, “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable.”
G. favored internal improvements
H. opposed tariffs
I. favored a national bank
J. advocate of states’ rights
K. from New Hampshire
L. represented Massachusetts in both the House and the Senate