The United States seeks an Empire
► 1. Policy in which stronger nations extend
their economic, political, and/or military
control over weaker territories.
► 2. Author of The Influence of Sea Power
upon History urging the United States
to modernize and enlarge its Navy.
►Alfred T. Mahan
Purchasing Alaska, pays off later
► 3.United States Secretary of State, he
authorized the purchase of Alaska.
► 4.Two nicknames for Alaska given to it
because of its perceived lack worth. Later
when gold and oil were discovered in the
region, those nicknames were dismissed.
Annexation of Hawaii
► 5. Port that became home to the United States
Pacific Fleet based in Hawaii.
► Pearl Harbor
► 6. American sugar planter that led a rebellion
against the Queen of Hawaii, deposed her, the
created the Pine Apple Republic.
► Sanford B. Dole
► 7. Queen of Hawaii, she proposed a “Hawaii for
Hawaiians” agenda, was deposed by American
► Queen Liliuokalani
Crisis in Cuba
► 8. Cuban poet and writer that led a war of Independence
against Spanish authorities in Cuba.
► Jose Marti
► 9. Spanish General placed in command of forces sent to
crush the revolution in Cuba, he was accused of
numerous atrocities against Cuban civilians.
► Victoriano Weyler
► 10. Term describing newspapers that printed exaggerated
and sensationalized stories with the intent of starting a
war with Spain and increasing newspaper sales.
► Yellow Journalism (Yellow Press)
► 11. Photographer sent to Cuba to provide the Yellow Press
with pictures to support their wild stories.
► Frederick Remington
The U.S. goes after its Empire
► 12. Letter sent by the Spanish Ambassador to the
United States back to Spain. It was very
critical and insulting of President McKinley
giving those who supported war with Spain
► De Lome Letter
► 13. UnitedStates warship that blew up in the port
of Havana. The Spanish were blamed for the
explosion and the “murder” of over 200
► U.S.S. Maine
War makes some men heroes
► 14.VolunteerCavalry Regiment organized by
former Assistant Secretary of the Navy
and Future President Theodore
►The Rough Riders
► 15.The Rough Riders became heroes for
their heroic “Charge up ______ Hill”.
Mo Empire, Mo Problems
► 16. Treaty that ended the Spanish-American War and ceded Cuba,
Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam to the United States.
► Treaty of Paris of 1898
► 17. Act of Congress that ended United States military occupation of
Puerto Rico and set up a civilian government.
► Foraker Act
► 18. Supreme Court decision that the United States Constitution did
not automatically apply to people in acquired territories.
► The Insular Cases
► 19. Amendment to the Cuban Constitution that reserved, for the
United States, the right to intervene in Cuban Affairs and gave the
United States a lease for a Naval Base at Guantanimo Bay.
► The Platt Amendment
► 20. Led Philippine rebellions against both the occupation governments
of Spain and, later, the United States.
► Emilio Aguinaldo
Gaining a foothold in the rich “China
► 21. United States Secretary of States that sent
letters to the representatives of Great Britain,
France, Russia, and Japan demanding that
free trade be opened up in China.
► John Hay
► 22. Term describing Hay’s proposal for Free Trade
► Open Door Policy
► 23. Rebellion against western oppression led by a
secret society in China. The U.S. used the
rebellion to open trade in China.
► Boxer Rebellion
Getting involved in the World
► 24.Treatyending the Russo-Japanese War,
Treaty was mediated by President Theodore
►Treaty of Portsmouth
► 25.Canaldug through the Isthmus of
Panama, became a military and commercial
link between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean.
►The Panama Canal (“The Big Ditch”)
Enforcing the Monroe Doctrine
► 26. Describes Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy, which
caused the United States to act as an “international
policeman” in Latin America.
► The Roosevelt Corollary
► 27. William Howard Taft’s foreign policy related to Latin
America. It featured U.S. Banks backing the debts of
Latin American nations in exchange for control over
various national industries. Example being U.S. Banks
given control over the national railroad in Nicaragua.
► Dollar Diplomacy
► 28. Woodrow Wilson’s foreign policy, Recognizes only pro-
American, Democratic governments in Latin America.
► The Missionary Policy