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					The Educational
MESSENGER




                  FEBRUARY 1922
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                      The Educational Messenger




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       The Educational Messenger




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   Educational Messenger
VOL.XVI1I              FEBRUARY 1922              NUMBER 2


               In Mnis Number
   Home Life of Abraham Lincoln_____________________5
                         Carrie Graves
   Where Do We Get Our Ideals?_________________________7
                         Emily Johnson
   Saint Valentine's Day _____________________________9
                         Winifred Hays
   Jesus Christ and His Influence in the World__________!!
                      Chancy L. Premer
   Professor Premer Leaves Union______ _______________13
                         Charles Larsen
   Missionary Volunteer Society ___________ ___________14
                          Ethel Griese
   Alarm Clocks ___________________. __________________16
                        Lucille Chapman
   Glimpses of the Interior of BraziL___ ________________17
                           C. C. Specht
   Calf Path (A Poem) __________________ ._______________20
                             Selected
   The African Band ________ _________________________22
                           B. L. Morse
   South American Mission Band _____________________23
                           Leta Cornell
   The Far East Band____ __________________ .____________24
                          0. J. Grundset
    Editorial-——- — — - — ---_——- — ________ ___27
    Events. —- ——---- — --- —-—_-_ —_-_._____29
    News ______------------_----_-_-_-__-___________35
                      The Educational Messenger




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                     'Daylight
 VOL. XVIII    COLLEGE VIEW, NEBRASKA,      FEBRUARY, 1922    NO 2.




     Home Life of Abraham Lincoln
                          CARRIE GRAVES
           OUR score and seven years ago," brings to our minds the
            picture of a tall gaunt figure with a sad and deeply lined
            face. As we think of the gigantic problems which he so
            skillfully solved we wonder what in his early life and
            training gave him this breadth of mind and physical en­
            durance.
     His early training was filled with an unusual amount of hard­
ship, poverty, and negligence. His father, Tom Lincoln, was a car­
penter but spent most of his time roaming in the woods with his
gun. The only improvements that he made upon their first farm
were a log cabin and three pear trees. Mrs. Lincoln, Nancy, and
Abraham were always willing to follow him to a new location know­
ing that their condition could hardly be made worse.
   Their final home in Indiana was on the border line between civili­
zation and the Indian country. The children easily adapted their
fun and play to their new surroundings. When nine years old,
Abraham was as tall as a child two years older. He so rapidly outgrew
his clothes that about seven inches of shin bone was usually displayed
between his buckskin trousers and low shoes. His hair was seldom
 combed. Little love or happiness entered into his life. When sober
 his face wore a sad, unchildish expression.
      The children had few opportunities to attend school. The sum
 of all the days which young "Abe" spent in school would be less
 than a year. Reading, writing, arithmetic, and spelling were sub­
 jects taught, but some teachers could boast of teaching "manners"
 or composition as further evidence of their scholarship.
      In 1818 Mrs. Lincoln died during an epidemic. Mr. Lincoln was
 often gone for days at a, time leaving the children to care for them­
 selves. About a year after Mrs. Lincoln's death he came home one
 day with his second wife. She was a widow with three children
<>                  The Educational Messenger

 whom he had known before his first marriage. She was thrifty,
 neat, and home loving. To the five children she was impartial, dis­
 tributing among them in equal amounts warm clothing and mother's
 love. She encouraged Abraham in learning and study and it was
 her influence which awakened in him such a love for books. He
 read everything he could buy or borrow. Aesop's Fables, Life of
 Washington, Robinson Crusoe, Adventures of Sinbad the Sailor, Pil­
 grim's Progress, and the Bible from which he got almost everything
 but theology, were a few of the books that he studied until he could
 repeat long passages from them. Any thought that impressed him
 he would copy carefully into a small notebook. He enjoyed writ­
 ing his opinions on temperance, politics, and kindness to dumb ani­
 mals on a piece of board. When the surface was covered he would
 shave it off and continue his composition. The scarcity of paper
 trained him to express his thoughts accurately and in few words.
 On Sunday after the older folks had gone to church, the children
 would gather at Lincoln's home. After leading a song, "Abe"
 would read his text and preach. If he had no special message of
 his own to deliver his retentive memory enabled him to reproduce
 the thoughts and gestures of sermons and political speeches he had
 heard. His wit was always the life of a crowd and it was fortunate
 for him that he was able to defend himself against those who could
 not appreciate his joke when it made them the object of laughter
 and torment. When working in the field he could draw all the men
 from their work by the dry drollery of a speech made from a box or
 haystack.
      His home life ended when he grew so large that he could not
 sleep in the same bed with the other two boys and began to ' 'work
 out." At seventeen he was six feet four inches tall and could do more
 work than any man in Gentryville. His heart was in his books and
the art of speech making rather than in his work and in these he
grasped every opportunity to grow.
     He was loved by men, women, and children, as he was as willing
to tend the baby as to work in the field. His step-mother loved him
even better than her own sons and he returned this love. Over his
coffin she was able to say, "He has never uttered an unkind word
to me and always obeyed my wishes." Of her Lincoln said, "All
that I am or hope to be, I owe to my angel mother.''
                    The Educational Messenger                         7


    Where Do We Get Our Ideals?
                           EMILY JOHNSON
            T is refreshing to find a teacher in another department ex­
              pressing his convictions on the importance of literature
              as Professor Taylor has done in his inspiring article "Lit­
              erature the Builder of Men and Nations,'' in the January
              issue. With this splendid beginning I am tempted to use
              the space alloted me by our alumni editor in emphasizing
one phase of the subject which that article could touch but briefly.
What are the possibilities of making the study of literature a posi­
tive force in the formation of right ideals of thought and action?
      As you call to mind instances of where men have failed to reach
the noblest and best in life, do you not find that this failure was due
to the lack of ability or the will to criticize themselves closely? Per­
haps this one placed too high an estimate upon himself and his life
was permanently marred by egoism, false pride, or a self sufficient
attitude. Perhaps that one placed too low an estimate upon his
powers, and failed because he did not have the ambition to strive
 for the highest efficiency or lacked the courage to surmount the dif­
 ficulties in his way. Perhaps another required more of himself than
 his abilities and opportunities justified and the result was a broken
 spirit or a discontented life. Still another may have had a worthy aim
 but chose to reach it through deception and fraud, and he has led an
 ignoble life of insincerity and hypocrisy.
       Could we take such a person back to the formative period of his
 life, place him under the influence of a teacher of literature who is
  "able to quicken the spirit and kindle the imagination of his pupils,
 open up to them the potential significance and beauty of life and de­
 velop habits of weighing and judging human conduct," would not
  his life be different? Many a successful man has testified that it
  was the reading of an inspiring book that changed the current of
  his life and enabled him to conquer his environment.
       But why cannot this end be reached in other ways? Why can
  we not be told of our wrong attitude and be admonished to correct
  it? Because this method nearly always fails. In reality we are not
  taught anything of vital importance save by that which really tou­
  ches our feelings. We resolve, but our resolutions are seldom car-
 8                   The Educational Messenger

ried out unless they are sustained by what we have felt. "You have
ink on your face," I was told by a classmate, but I did not go at
once to clean it off. "Go look in the mirror," I was told by another.
I obeyed, and a vigorous application of soap and water immediately
 followed. Likewise literature is a mirror in which we see ourselves
as others see us, and we hasten to correct the faults which we have
•discovered in ourselves.
      But great literature does more than this. It gives us high ideals
of life in concrete form. "How did you get the idea of being a doc­
tor?" I asked an ambitious student. "I got the idea last summer,"
he answered. "Someone was sick at our house. The doctor drove
up in his car. I watched him as he alighted.          I admired his digni­
fied bearing, and was pleased with the skill with which he went
about it to relieve the one who was suffering. I made up my mind
 right there that I would be a doctor. I wanted to be able to help
 people as he did." My young friend threw away his cigarettes. He
 came back to school and began to study diligently. He had found
 an ideal in concrete form, and it was reshaping his life. Because
our ideals come to us in this way, example is always more potent in
 its influence than precept. What we are is of far more importance
 than the best we can say or do.
      It is a supreme moment in a person's life when he catches a
 vision of a great ideal. It may come to him when he witnesses in
 the life of a friend a noble act which so appeals to his imagination
 that he idealizes the actor. That is, he exalts the whole character
 and personality of his friend to a level with the ideal quality which
 he has discerned. But the time may come when his friend, by an
 act of disloyalty or selfishness so subordinates himself, that he is
 forced to say, "all I loved in him was false." And so it sometimes
 happens that we idealize our friends only to be bitterly dissapointed
 when, in their human frailty, they fail to measure up to the ideal
 which we have constructed in our minds. At such times we are
tempted to lose faith in all humanity and to question, "Where now
 can truth be found?"
      It is well, then, if we can turn to literature to find that which is
equal to all the demands of our ideals. If we can with Barrie's
" Little Minister" see through the gipsy exterior the beautiful soul
of the generous "Babbie," we too shall love her and desire to be like
                    The Educational Messenger                        9

her. If we can feel the influence of Tennyson's lovable Elaine as
Lancelot did, we too shall be constrained to say,
                 "For true you are and sweet
                 Beyond mine old belief in womanhood."
     Such literature will give us pleasure because in it we find our
ideals satisfied, and it will furthermore have a permanent influence
upon our lives in shaping our ideals.

                                3DGC




               Saint Valentine's Day
                          WINIFRED HAYES
          |T WAS the thirteenth of February, and a beautiful sun­
            shiny day. Outside, the birds were to be heard chirping
            their cheerful little songs, and inside there was pleasure,
            too, for a happy group of bright-eyed girls was gathered
            about one of the desks in the cozy little corner of the
            country schoolhouse. A magazine filled with pretty
pictures and verses seemed to be the center of attraction.
     ' 'And we really have only one more day to finish all our valen­
tines," said pretty little Beth, excitedly, "I haven't half as many
made yet as I intend to make and I've just run all out of ideas for
any more. May I see this page of the magazine, please?"
     "Isn't it fun to make valentines! I just love to," said Jane,
who was Beth's seatmate. "I'm going to make at least one for
everybody in school."
     Just then one of the boys came in. "Well, if you girls aren't
the limit—making valentines, valentines, valentines all the time.
Why in the world don't you come out doors and play? They're having
a grand game and the teacher is playing, too. Don't you know that
there is nothing to St. Valentine's day, anyway? Just because some
old Catholic priest by the name of Valentine happened to die on the
fourteenth of February, centuries ago, is no reason why you should
fool away your time like this a making valentines all during the noon
hour. Say, make me a pretty one anyway, wont you?" And he
10                  The Educational Messenger

slammed the door for he had had his drink and was ready for another
good run.
      "Is that really the way Valentine's day started?" asked Jane of
one of the larger girls.
      "Well, it's true that there was a Catholic bishop who was mar­
tyred about 270 A. D. at Rome and his name was Valentine, but that
isn't the whole thing," answered Vera. "I was reading about it just
last night, and the book in which I looked it up said that there were
seven martyrs from different countries who were killed on that day
but that it was more famous as a lovers' festival. The old idea was
that birds began to mate about that time."
      "It seems to me I remember that the teacher told us last year
that St. Valentine was a good old man who always did all he could to
make people happy, but that finally he couldn't go around and do
nice things for everybody any more so he stayed at home and wrote
little notes to lots and lots of people and made them happy in that
way, and that was how St. Valentine's day started," added one of
the girls.
      "I believe that's right,"said Beth, "for my mamma told me
that when she was a girl the young folks used to write love letters
on that day.''
      "But," argued one of the other girls, "my father said just the
other day that it started way back in pagan times. He said that
they used to have feasts or festivals about this time of the year and
that the names of the boys and girls were drawn out of two boxes
in pairs and then those whose names were drawn together went to
the feast with each other. Later on they were supposed to exchange
presents and be each others' valentines or sweethearts all during the
next year."
      "0 yes," said Vera, "I remember that. Then when the Catho­
lics tried to make over those heathen customs they tried to get the
boys to draw the names of saints instead of girls but it didn't work."
      "That's kind of funny," put in Jane, innocently, "I should think
they would rather have saints than girls."
      "At any rate," continued Vera, "they drew names, and we did
that just last Friday afternoon to see whom we should make a valen­
tine for."
      "I would like to know which way it really did start," said Beth.
"Let's go ask teacher."
                    The Educational Messenger                        11

     But just then Miss Newell came in to get the bell for it was al­
most time for school to begin.
     ' 'Yes,'' she said, after listening interestedly to their brief re­
statement of the different ideas, ' 'you are all correct. Authorities
differ considerably for it seems to be a custom from ancient times.
Chaucer, a great poet of the fourteenth century, even wrote about it.
I'm glad you girls are taking such an interest in making your valen­
tines for it is real nice to let our friends know that we love them by
sending them pretty cards and little messages of love."




       Jesus CKrist and His Influence
               in tKe World
                         CHANCY L. PREMER
           0 give a full account of the impression on the world of
            the life and teachings of Jesus would be impossible. The
            comfort and assurance His message has brought and is
            bringing to the hearts of mankind in all parts of the
            world cannot be measured. It will be the aim of this
            paper to point out some of the outward changes wrought
in the world because of Him.
   Jesus stood for human liberty, both of body and mind. "Ye shall
know the truth and the truth shall make you free," is one of his
sayings. Though born in an empire in which human slavery was
legalized, and widely practiced, through his influence that terrible
curse has at last passed from the world of civilized men.
   In the days of Christ, little emphasis was placed on the dignity
and rights of a human being, unless he were a Roman citizen.
Slaves were worked on the estates of their masters from twelve to
sixteen hours a day, under the lash, given the coarsest kind of food
and assigned to filthy quarters for the night. Children born to
slaves were often exposed to die in infancy, as it was cheaper to
purchase new slaves herded in from the frontiers than to rear the
children. Still worse, if such could be, slaves were forced to fight
12                     The Educational Messenger
wild beasts, or sometimes to fight each other to the death, in the
arena for the entertainment of the Roman citizens.
   With the rise and spread of the Gospel of Christ there was a
revulsion of feeling against the cruel practices. Gradually laws
were passed that put an end to the worst of them. From that time
until the present, there has continued to develop a keener sense of
the dignity and common rights of mankind. Man has not only been
freed from slavery, but he is guarded in all civilized and nominally
Christian countries by industrial laws. These protect women and
children as well as men, regulating the number of hours they may
work, granting compensation for injuries, and providing in gen­
eral for the well-being of their persons. Further protection is pro­
vided against the weaknesses of the individual himself in removing
from his reach those drugs and liquors which enslave him. Much
remains to be done yet before the world will be cleansed of these
things, but daily progress is being made.
   The process of liberating the individual mind is still being carried
forward by the work of schools and the dissemination of learning
in all parts of the world. Wherever missionaries of the cross go,
schools are established, and happily an increasing number of the
countries of the world are passing compulsory education laws. To­
day the masses of mankind are gaining access to learning and en­
lightenment, due to the great industrial advancement, whereas at
the birth of Jesus only a select few were accorded such privileges.
Then the priest did the thinking and the masses were bound intel­
lectually by tradition and authority. While today the scientific
spirit of investigation drives men on in search of Truth. This,
I believe, is a direct result of the teaching of Jesus, and is in har­
mony with His will. The Apostle Paul admonished Timothy to
"give heed to reading," and the Thessolonians to "prove all things;
hold fast that which is good." A prominent modern writer has
said, "Christianity is not afraid of the most searching investigation
and the fullest and most pitiless light, and its whole spirit is a re­
buke to the ignorant and cowardly suspicion of and hostility to
modern learning that prevail in certain quarters. Christianity
is a rational religion and grows best in the light of truth. It has
always been a friend of education, and the mother of schools and
colleges, and of science, literature and art."
   No one has exerted so great an influence as Jesus upon the ex-
                    The Educational Messenger                        13

ploration of the world. In response to the command, "Go ye into
all the world and preach the gospel to every creature," men and
women have penetrated into the darkest corners of the earth, bring­
ing to the benighted creatures found there, the light of His truth
and to the civilized world a knowledge of new peoples and climes.
   Languages, formerly unknown and only spoken, have been re­
duced to writing. Dictionaries have been made and a literature
created to serve as a vehicle for Christian thought.
   Following in the wake of the missionary there has been great
commercial advance and closer contact with these new peoples, so
that today the world is one neighborhood, in close contact. All
the world is coming more and more to realize that all countries are
a part of each other, interdependent. This is all in harmony with
Christ's ideal, and is impressing us with the truth that "God has
made of one blood all nations."




      Professor Premer Leases Union
                          CHARLES LARSON
           HERE comes a time in the history of every family circle
            when members of that circle begin to leave the home
            and set sail for new shores and new activities of life.
            This is not only true of the home circle, it is equally true
            in every walk of life and every institution with which
            man is connected.
   Union College is a great family composed of teachers and stu­
dents and when one of our number bids goodby we feel very much
the same as a mother feels when a son or daughter bids farewell
to home and friends. Especially is this true when one of our teach­
ers bids his students farewell. Many have been the days that we
have sat in Professor Premer's class room and learned the great
underlying principles that have ruled the nations of the past. Oh,
why study the past? It is only in understanding the past that we
are able to understand the present.
   It has always been and will be Professor Premer's aim as a history
teacher and as a man to help others to see the joy and satisfaction
14                  The Educational Messenyer

in being true to the principles of life as taught in the Book of books.
And whatever station in life he may be called upon to,, fill we know
that he will be true to the principles for which Union is established,
even though indirectly connected with the movement.
                  "A little thing, a sunny smile,
                    A loving word at morn,
                  And all day long the day shone bright,
                  The cares of life were made more light,
                    And the sweeter hopes were born."
   We feel that these words express Professor Premer's philosophy
of life.
   To show our appreciation to him for his untiring efforts in our
behalf, the students who were in his classes this year and former
years presented him with a little token of remembrance in the
form of a library study lamp.


        Missionary Volunteer Society
                            ETHEL GRIESE
           HE College View Missionary Volunteer Society was re­
            organized shortly after school began last September. The
            executive committee met and after much deliberation and
            consideration the program for its first meeting was
            planned and its parts assigned. How our spirits rose as
            each number went off smoothly. We even felt like pat­
ting ourselves on the back for having discovered several promising
stars among the freshmen. When the committee met again, in ad­
dition to planning another program, work bands were discussed and
arrangements for their organization developed. But "pride goeth
before a fall," and so it was in our case. Imagine our chagrin when
we received word from the conference secretary that our society had
no members and the first thing for us to do was to build up a mem­
bership by having the membership cards signed. We divided the
prospective territory among us and each put in faithful time encour­
aging the young people to sign. A few refused. Some signed only
on condition that they would not be asked to give talks and these
were welcomed. However, we do hope that they have forgotten their
rash requests by this time and when called upon by the new officers
                    The Educational Messenger                        15

to take part, will do so gladly. About one hundred and fifty vigor­
ous young men and women responded with exceeding interest.
     With their hearty support we proceeded with renewed courage.
Plans for laboratory work materialized in the organization of the fol­
lowing bands: Literature, Correspondence, Bible Workers, Christian
Help, Sunshine, Foreign Mission, and Seminar. The Foreign Mis­
sion Band is divided into study groups, each group studying some
definite field. The Sunshine Band is carrying on activities among
the poor in Lincoln as well as among the sick and aged in College
View. The Literature Band sends out one hundred "Signs" every
week, while it is the work of the Correspondence Band to keep in
touch with those .to whom these "Signs" are being sent. Judging
from some of the replies received the work is not being done for
naught. The members of the Bible Workers Band report that some
of their readers have already expressed their desire to take their
stand wholly on God's side.
      The work which these bands are doing is much appreciated.
 Only eternity can reveal the actual results accomplished. No doubt
much of the credit for our being the banner society of Nebraska is
due to their unselfish efforts, for surely the efficiency of the society
 is what the zeal and labor of its members make it.
      We are told by Mrs. White that cultivated intellect is now needed
 in the cause of God. Where is there a better opportunity for deve­
 loping the intellect than in the Young People's Society? Here talents
 are brought into use and new possibilities revealed to us. The privi­
 leges for development are unlimited. Let us not be satisfied with
 our past record but may it be an incentive to us to work with renewed
 vigor to obliterate all landmarks.



                        Our Mistake
           |N page 20 of our last issue we gave credit to Professor
             Kirk for writing a part of the "Good English Program."
             This was a mistake on our part. Doctor Olson should
             have been given the credit for it. Professor Kirk did
             not write any of it but conducted the rehearsals. We
             are glad to make this correction and hope that we have
 not left any wrong impressions.
16                   The Educational Messenger


                       Alarm Clocks
                           LUCILLE CHAPMAN
              LARM clocks are a form of torture similar to rising bells.
               Alarms are even more torturous in that they are more
               drawn out and agonizing. You set the repeater just be­
               fore retiring with an air of confidence, because you have
               decided that you will arise at five and accomplish a great
               deal before school time.
       All night your dreams are troubled with the thoughts — perhaps
  the alarm is not turned on — did I wind it? Five o'clock draws nigh
  and the lights are not on. You certainly cannot get up and study in
  the dark, and you go back to sleep. You are in the midst of a beau­
  tiful dream and are startled by — brrr — brrr. The light dazzles
  your eyes. You reach out wildly in search of the clock — what was
  that? Only the cut glass tumbler you had borrowed from your next-
  door neighbor. What is the use of fishing for the alarm for it has
. already stopped.
       You close your eyes and try to get started back on your inter­
  rupted dream when — brrr — again. The clock was a new one and
  you had forgotten that it repeated every two minutes. This time
  with one desperate grab you reach it and smother it under the bed­
  clothes as you vainly search for the silencer. At last you discover
  it. You glance over at your roommate and see that she is still sleep­
  ing soundly.
       You spend a few minutes in thoughtful meditation. You chide
  yourself for even thinking of getting up at five when you know the
  heat is never on at that early hour. It will surely be on at five-thir­
  ty so you decide to nap until then. You proceed to nap with one eye
  on the clock. But somehow as the hands near five-thirty your courage
  dwindles and you decide that even if you did get up now, you would
  not be able to get all that you planned accomplished, so you might
  as well wait and get up at six.
       You awake suddenly and find your roommate shaking you vio­
  lently. You look at the clock and see it is seven. You fly into your
  clothes with desperate haste and rush madly over to your first class
 only a few minutes late. The door is closed. You dread to enter.
 You peek cautiously through the keyhole and see strange faces. You
                   The Educational Messenger                      17

wonder if a lot of new members have joined the class, which is
strange indeed in the middle of the semester. You hesitate a mo­
ment longer and then it dawns on you that this is Tuesday and you
never have a first period class on Tuesday.



     Glimpses of the Interior of Brazil
                        •   C. C. SPECHT
           URING my stay in Brazil I was privileged for a time to
            live and labor in the interior of that great republic.
                 Come with me for a short time to this secluded place
             among the hills, and catch a glimpse of its beauty. In
             order to reach this place we must travel about three days
             on horseback, from the nearest railroad station over a
trail which winds in and out among the hills. Very often it be­
comes necessary for us to cross some of the hills. The ascents and
descents are at times so steep that it is more agreeable to dismount
and walk than to continue in the saddle. Although the country
through which we are passing has been settled for more than thirty
years, much of the time our trail leads through virgin forests, so
dense that it would be impossible to penetrate them without the use
of a "faccao," a large, heavy knife nearly two feet long which
nearly every Brazilian traveling in the interior carries in a sheath
dangling at his right side. Occasionally we pass the house of a
 settler, which is generally surrounded by a pasture or an orange
 grove, some times it is located near a banana plantation. Most of
 these houses are some distance from the trail, and we are led to
 wonder why the more favorable locations nearer the road were not
 selected. Upon inquiry we are told that all houses are built near a
 stream of water so that the water supply will be near at hand. As
 wells are almost unknown in this section of the country, a house
 that is not built near a stream is considered very inconveniently lo­
 cated. The water from the stream is used for all purposes. From
 this source the housewife gets the water used in cooking. Upon
 rising in the morning each member of the family goes to the creek
 to wash, if they wash at all. On wash day the clothes are taken to
 the same place to be washed. If you were a guest at one of these
18                  The Educational Messenger

homes and wished to take a bath, this same spot would be pointed
out to you. Sometimes the streams are so small that it becomes
necessary to make a small excavation to catch the water.
     Every few hours we pass a country store, which is usually
located at the junction of two trails. The principal article sold at
these stores is the native whisky. Most travelers have formed the
habit of stopping at every one of these places along the way to rest
for a few moments, and then, of course, they are always sure to re­
member the whisky, usually taking a drink on arriving and another
on leaving.
     It is at one of these stores that we halt at the close of the sec­
ond day, not to get a drink of whisky but to secure a night's lodg­
ing. This being a station where travelers often stop for the night,
we are not refused. Supper is served soon after our arrival. It
consists of rice, black beans, cornbread, and black coffee, which is
very strong and almost as thick as syrup. Being very tired and
knowing that the next day will be even more strenuous than the
preceding ones, we retire early.
     About sunrise the next morning we are again on our way. It is
very pleasant riding in the cool of the morning. Our trail has be­
come somewhat narrow and leads through dense forests. Only now
and then a small clearing is seen. As we have now left the river
which we had been following, our trail has become much rougher,
passing up one side of the hill and down on the other. About four
o'clock in the afternoon we reach the summit of the last large hill
which we are to cross. As this forms the divide of two river sys­
tems we are able to see a great expanse of country spread out before
us. The trail leading down the western slope of this mountain, for
so it may be called, has been spoken of as the ' 'Cominko de Boa
Vista," which means, The Road of a Beautiful View. Near the foot
of the mountain are seen the fields of corn and the pastures of the
settlers which, at this elevation, look like small garden patches in a
mighty forest. A little to the right is seen the Serra Pellada, a bare
mountain with steep rocky slopes. A trail passes along the ridge of
this mountain at a point so that one can look down on either side for
many hundreds of feet. Somewhat to the left, about ten miles
away, is seen a great boulder lifting its majestic head high above
the surrounding hills. About half way up the side of the rock there
                    The Educational Messenger                       19

seems to be a large cave in which trees are growing. Far in the
distance directly in front of us we see the tops of many hills, which
look like the crests of the waves of the sea. Among these hills near
the horizon we can discern another rock called "Cinco Pontaos," be­
cause it has five points like the fingers of the hand.
      After reaching the foot of the mountain, we have but a short
 distance to go to reach our destination. We are now about one
hundred twenty-five miles from the railroad station which we left
three days ago. The nearest village is about twenty-five miles
away. Whenever we wish to get our mail or mail a letter, it becomes
necessary to make a trip to this village. The whole scene
 impresses us that we have left most of civilization behind.
      Upon arriving at the mission station we find a comfortable
 house in which the missionary lives, also a chapel in which Sabbath
 services are conducted. At this place is the largest church in Brazil
 with a membership of about one hundred fifty. A school is being
conducted at this place which prepares students to enter the Brazil
 Training School.
      Having viewed the country, let us now view the homes of the
 people. The houses as a rule are rather small, with one or two
 rooms besides the kitchen. Upon entering one of the houses we
 notice that it is almost destitute of furniture. Everything is home­
 made. Near one end of the front room is a large roughly-made
 table, along the walls are a few benches, and in one corner is a
 small, elevated platform which serves as a bench during the day
 and as a bed at night. In the kitchen is an open fireplace. As these
 fireplaces usually lack the chimney, the smoke fills the whole house,
 and gives it a chocolate-colored appearance. Two or three iron
 pots serve as cooking utensils.
      The native is contented with almost any kind of house in which to
 live. When the roof of his house begins to leak so that it rains in
 on his bed, he moves it to another part of the house instead of
 mending the roof. When at last he cannot find a place in his house
 where his bed will keep dry, he may put a new roof on the house.
       Although the people are much benighted, and steeped in super­
 stition, they are generally willing to listen to the Gospel Message
 when it is presented to them. Should we not be willing to help up­
 lift them?
20                   The Educational Messenger


                    The African Band
                              B. L. MORSE
             EW people ever think that Africa, the once "Dark Conti­
              nent, " is a little more than four times the area of our own
              United States. Seventy-five years ago, Africa's hinter­
              land was an unknown problem. Scientific men argued
              that it was impossible for snow-capped mountains to exist
              in the tropics.
     The missionary explorers have disproved that theory by finding
four snow-capped mountain giants each over 17,000 feet in height.
They have also shown that this once fabled land of hobgoblins, and
all sorts of mysterious creations, is really an attractive and an inter­
esting country, rich in natural resources which the world is now
anxious to secure. They have furthermore demonstrated that the
dark-skinned peoples have hearts that respond to the Gospel Mes­
sage, and under its sweet influence are changed from savages into
active progressive Christians.
     The encroachment of Mahomedanism in Africa as a live issue
of today is receiving adequate attention in the band. Once the Af­
ricans have taken up with the teachings of Mahomet, it is much more
difficult to reach them with the Gospel. Therefore the need of haste
to send missionaries into the sections of the country bordering those
now under Mahomedan influence, that their blighting influence may
be checked.
     How many ever heard the term Calabar, Gaboon, Yonuba, U-
ganda, Sudan, Congo, or of Mary Slessor, Dr. Good, Alexander
Mackay, Thomas J. Comber, or of the slave boy who became a bishop
in Africa? The first six are great provinces in Africa, the latter are
the names of consecrated men and women who have wrought mir­
acles in the name of the Master, in those parts of Africa. The mem­
bers of the band are finding the study of those districts and leaders
very instructive and thrillingly interesting.
     One evening a returned missionary from Africa told us how a
hymn was written in those languages. At the close of the talk one
of those hymns was sung by her in the native tongue, the band join­
ing in the chorus.
     Great areas in Africa are yet untouched. One of these in the
                    The Educational Messenger                      21

north central part is said to be more than 1500 miles across and with­
out a single worker from the home land. There are nearly 30,000,000
negroes who have never seen a teacher of the Gospel. Furthermore
there are very many more in the entered districts who have never
yet heard. Much remains to be done. Workers need to be interes­
ted, trained, and sent. Come, listen, prepare that you may go.


       SoutK American Mission Band
                           LETA CORNELL
           AST fall when school started those of us who felt an
             interest in mission work in South America, met and
             organized a study group with Miss Tubbs as leader. This
             little band has met faithfully every Friday evening since
             that time and those who have attended the meetings will
             testify to the interesting times we have had together.
      At these meetings from week to week we take up the different
phases of activity in various countries, noting the progress along
different lines and applying this knowledge to the study of the
mission work in these fields. We are studying South America
by countries and we find the work very interesting as well as
educational. Such subjects as the following are considered: the
people, their customs and languages, religions, educational advan­
tages, climatic conditions, natural resources, industries and agricul­
ture,, political and social conditions, and the general developement
of the country. We also study the history of the countries, both
political and of missions. We learn of the missionaries who have
gone before, of those who helped in shaping each country and of
what they accomplished through hardships and suffering. And
through all this we see the need of the mission field, the need of
 aborers to bring these poor souls to the light of the gospel, and to
  ift them up to the higher ground, and each week we are inspired to go
 on preparing for work in these needy fields. Some of our members
 are even now definitely planning to go to South America as mission­
 aries in the near future and we hope these will not be disappointed.
       Special music each week has been another feature of our pro­
 grams. We have had a good attendance from the beginning and
 the prospects are that it will continue throughout the year.
22         The Educational Messenger


                                                 TKe
     One day, through the primevil wood,
     A calf walked home as good calves should,
     But made a trail all bent askew,
     A crooked trail, as all calves do.
     Since then three hundred years have fled,
     And I infer the calf is dead.

     But still he left behind his trail,
     And thereby hangs my mortal tale.
     The trail was taken up next day
     By a lone dog that passed that way.
     And then a wise bellwether sheep
     Pursued the trail o'er vale and steep;
     And drew the flock behind him, too,
     As good bellwethers always do.
     And from that day, o'er hill and glade
     Through those old woods a path was made.

     This forest path became a lane
     That bent and turned and turned again;
     This crooked lane became a road,
     Where many a poor horse with his load
     Toiled on beneath the burning sun,
     And traveled some three miles in one,
     And thus a century and a half
     They trod the footsteps of that calf.

     The years passed on in swiftness fleet,
     The road became a village street;
     And this before men were aware,
     A city's crowded thoroughfare.
     And soon the central street was this
                 The Educational Messenger             28




Of a renowned metropolis.
And men two centuries and a half
Trod in the footsteps of that calf.

Each day a hundred thousand rout
Followed the zigzag calf about,
And o'er his crooked journey went
The traffic of a continent.
A hundred thousand men were led
By one calf near three centuries dead.
They followed still his crooked way,
And lost one hundred years a day;
For thus such reverence is lent
To well-established precedent.

A moral lesson this might teach
Were I ordained and called to preach;
For men are prone to go it blind
Along the calf paths of the mind;
And work away from sun to sun
To do what other men have done.
They follow in the beaten track,
And out and in and forth and back,
And still their devious course pursue,
To keep the path that others do.
They keep the path a sacred groove,
Along which all their lives they move;
But how the wise old wood gods laugh,
Who saw the first primeval calf.
Ah, many things this tale might teach—
But I am not ordained to preach.
                                         — Selected.
24                  The Educational Messenger


                 The Far East Band
            MONG the many student activities of Union College, the
             foreign mission bands occupy a prominent place. "Study
             Groups" is another term for these bands, and expresses
             the purpose and aim of students who associate themselves
             in groups for the study of some definite field. The ulti­
             mate object is to enter some field in service for God.
     We are fortunate in having with us Professor Anderson as di­
rector of all the bands. His experience in foreign service is a help
to our bands in many ways.
     The Far East Band was organized at the beginning of the school
year, but has been known under various names such as ' 'Asia Band,''
and "China Band." The latter name is commonly used, and not
amiss, for China occupies a very prominent part in Asia as to size of
country and population, and possibly for the reason that China has
a large place in our hearts.
     In studying the needs of Asia we have before us one third of
the land of the globe—something over seventeen million square miles,
wherein dwell over nine hundred million people, or about three-
fourths of the inhabitants of the earth. From the Arctic regions of the
north to the tropical climes of Ceylon and the East Indies is a dis­
tance of about six thousand miles. From Japan on the east to the
Red Sea is an equal distance. Asia has a great variation in climates,
in fertile, level, arable land; deserts, high mountains, mighty rivers,
canals, vegetation, animal life, etc., but that which concerns us the
most is the great number of people who know not God, who sit in
darkness and in the shadow of death.
     Asia is the cradle of the human race. To its people were the
oracles and word of God given; to them did God send His Son, and
of its wise men some saw that ' 'light which lighteth every man that
cometh into the world;" of her noble sons there is a cloud of wit­
nesses for God, and there many a seer proclaimed God's word with
power, miracles were wrought, and we have the sacred record of
thousands accepting the truths of the word in a single day. In Asia
Christ bore the sins of the world, from there He sent his disciples
into all the world to proclaim the news of salvation to all people.
     While Asia is the original home of the race, it is also the home
                    The Educational Messenger                      25

of the origin of the religions, both the true and the false. We know
that God's word, Christ's teachings, and Christianity all radiate out
from western Asia. But, alas, the false religious systems of the
present day practically all have their origin in Asia. Her people be­
came darkened because they rejected the light, and now how great
is the spiritual darkness of her teeming multitudes. Her people are
bound in chains of darkness, fear, and superstition. They worship
gods of wood, stone, clay, metals; human creeds and human beings
are revered more than God and His word. Seeing they see not, and
hearing they hear not. Truth seems falsehood to them. Buddism,
Taoism, Confusianism, Brahmanism, Zorostrianism, Mohammedan­
ism, and Shintoism are some of the more prominent teachings of re­
ligious sects. There are many other heathen forms of worship, but
the principle in them all is the same—Christless—"without God
and without hope," that "blessed hope."
      We study this situation in our band, and the crying need of Asia
 has appealed to us. We realize the difficulties of the many lan­
 guages, the religious systems, the grasping of the oriental mode of
 thought, reason, and living. We realize that travel is difficult and
 often dangerous in these lands, Asia having 69,000 miles of railway
 as compared with Europe which has 217,000 miles. Most of the rail­
 ways are in India and Siberia, leaving very little for the vast areas
 outside of these two countries. The great population of Asia's coun­
 tries with their many difficult languages and varied dialects presents
 another obstacle and summons up all our strength and courage in
 contemplating work in some corner or quarter of that field. But He
 who said, "Go ye into all the world,"also said, "I am with you
  alway.'' And those who go relying on the fulfillment of this and
  similar promises will find great mountains becoming a plain, and
  that they "can do all things through Christ."
       Different members of our Far East Band are giving interesting
  talks or studies each Friday evening on some country of Asia, the
  people, their customs, religious systems, missionary biographies,
  mission methods, our own missionaries, and our work in these coun­
  tries. We believe that this is a good and practical preliminary
  training, and hope others will join us in these study groups, and
  volunteer for service in these needy lands.
26                      The Educational Messenger




                                 From A Faint Blue Glow
                                     To Modern Miracles


     E   DISON saw it first—a mere shadow of blue light streaking across the ter­
          minals inside an imperfect electric lamp. This "leak" of electric current,
     an obstacle to lamp perfection, was soon banished by removing more air from
     the bulbs.
       But the ghostly light, and its mysterious disappearance in a high vacuum,
     remained unexplained for years.
        Then J. J. Thomson established the electron theory on the transmission of
     electricity in a partial vacuum—and the blue light was understood. In a very
     high vacuum, however, the light and apparently the currents that caused it
     disappeared.
       One day, however, a scientist in the Research Laboratories of the General
     Electric Company proved that a current could be made to pass through the
     highest possible vacuum, and could be varied according to fixed laws. But the
     phantom light had vanished.
         Here was a new and definite phenomenon—a basis for further research.
        Immediately, scientists began a series of developments with far reaching
     practical results. A new type of X-ray tube, known as the Coolidge tube, soon

     Eave a great impetus to the art of surgery. The Kenotron and Pliotron, fol-
      )wed in quick succession by the Dynatron and Magnetron, made possible long
     distance radio telephony and revolutionized radio telegraphy. And the useful­
     ness of the "Iron" family has only begun.
       The troublesome little blue glow was banished nearly forty years ago. But
     for scientific research, it would have been forgotten. Yet there is hardly a man,
     woman or child in the country today whose life has not been benefited, directly
     cr indirectly, by the results of the scientific investigations that followed.
       Thus it is that persistent organized research gives man netv tools, makes
     available forces that otherwi:o might remain unknown for centuries.




                                                                Schenectady,
                                                                   N.
                                                                          35-437AE
                   The Educational Messenger                     27



                          EDITORIAL

           UK centuries the markets of the world have looked to
            the Orient for the best in tapestries and rugs. Persia
            is the real home of the Oriental rug; other Oriental peo­
            ples have drawn from the Persian knowledge of rug
            weaving their primary and fundamental methods. But
            no other people have ever been so successful in the con­
ventionalization of flowers, leaves, and other vegetation. The vivid
naturalism of red, yellow, and parti-colored flowers on the deep-
blue field and the splendid wealth of color on the soft-grayish sur­
face are most wonderful. The delicate, yet elaborate combinations
which are worked out in rich soft coloring stand without rivals.
   Some way we are impressed as we study the design of one of
these artistic productions, that it expresses character; that it has
as great a soul as a masterful painting. And we are not deceived.
There are no two Persian rugs alike for they are all made by hand.
For many generations the art has been handed from father to son,
not with the idea of copying accepted designs, but with whole­
hearted devotion to the idea of self-expression. The veteran rug
weaver stretches the basic warp upon the frames, gathers his fam­
ily about him, and begins the patient, faithful weaving that slowly
expresses his elaborate imaginations—designs that surely record
the quickened pulse of a stimulated soul.
   In a similar way we are weaving. Time is the basic warp
stretched before us. Beside us lies a great pile of many colored
 threads. We are constantly selecting and untangling threads from
 this mass. Slowly, yet surely, we are expressing our very soul in
 their designs. May we weave so faithfully that, when we have used
 our allotment of basic warp, we may have perfected the most won­
 derful weaving—a symmetrical character.                R. M. F.
28                    The Educational Messenger


     Our "Crown Theory" of Making the Hair Lie Beats 'em All


                            If you had it
                               cut at the

                      HAIR CUTTING
                      SPECIALTY SHOP
                             you    have a
      Wrong Way                Distinction               Correct Way

                     WE SELL TOIL-E:T:ART;I;CUES
         The Only Shop in Lincoln which Specializes
                ——— in Hair Cutting =
     1305 N Street          RAY I. PIERSON               Phone L 5038


                      Qftrucational
     A paper edited by the students of Union College in the interests of
higher education.
     Published monthly by the Central Union Conference, College View, Nebr.
    To Subscribers: Terms, one dollar a year (12 numbers) for the United
States and Canada, and one dollar and twenty-five cents to foreign countries.
     Advertising rates: Furnished on application.
     Entered as second-class matter at the postofflce at College View, Nebr.,
April 6, 1911, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879.
                           MESSENGER BOAIID
                                Business Staff
Kex Jacobson _________ President W. H. Na«h ————— _ Business Mgr.
Martha Bauer ________ Secretary Koy Shipley ——— Asst. Business Mgr.
Merrill Wheeler _______ Treasurer Kufus Roy————— -Circulation Mgr.
                               Editorial Staff
.Raymond M. France__ Editor-in-Chief Gertrude Steen ___ Assistant Editor
Lucy Madden —— Educational Editor Ralph Reed _____ Assistant Editor
George Chapman— Missionary Editor Kochelle Philmon ___ Alumni Editor
Lois Middaugh ————— .News Editor Lets. Cornell __ Asst. Alumni Editor
                        The Educational Messenger                               29




                                            tone and a complete mastery of dyn­
     Senior Piano Recital                   amics. Her musicianship was evidenc­
   Saturday evening, January 14 at 8:15     ed by her accuracy of entrance and re­
o'clock, Vera Loving Howard, student        lease with the orchestra.
with Marie Jones-Anderson, gave her            She received baskets and bouquets of
senior piano recital in the college         flowers from her numerous friends.
chapel,to a large and appreciative audi­
ence.
   The first number of the program was          Junior Oratory Recital
the Mephisto Waltz by Liszt, a com­           Mr. W. H. Nash and Mr. A. A. Rup­
position requiring great technical skill,   ert gave their junior oratory recital in
and rapidity of execution. Miss How­        the college chapel, Saturday evening,
ard proved that her teehnic is amply        December 31. The program consisted
adequate to meet its demands.               of four selections. Mr. Nash read
   The Grieg a minor Concerto wab then      "Aristarchus Studies Elocution" and
given, with the assistance of the Union     "Just Common Place," and Mr. Rupert
College Orchestra, Carl C. Engel, con­      read "The Advocate's First Plea" and
ductor. The concerto is the highest         "A Critical Situation."
form of piano composition, and requires       The manner in which these selections
orchestral accompaniment. It generally      were presented showed the results of
consists of three movements; the first      faithful earnest preparation and called
is brilliant, the second slow and expres­   forth many appreciative responses from
 sive, and the third very rapid and dra­    the audience. Mr. Nash and Mr. Rup­
matic.                                      ert plan to give their senior recitals
    Miss Howard played her concerto         later in the year.
 from memory with beautiful quality of                        HILDA BOETTCHER.



               To SERVE HUMANITY BETTER
     CASTLE, ROPER & MATTHEWS
                                MORTICIANS
80   The Educational Messenger


                            Since opening my Optical |
                            Parlors in Lincoln it has been
                            my constant aim to spare no
                pains in examining eyes and fitting
                glasses for my patients.
                   Next to this foremost thought of
                SERVICE THAT SATISFIES
               is tke comfort and convenience of my
               patients \vnen calling for examination
               or Kaving glasses fitted.
                    In order to provide more comfortable and
                 convenient parlors I nave found Jt necessary
                 to remove to a new location whicK has been
                 especially arranged for the convenience
                 and comfort of patients.

               MIJ neu? location          is 1315 O St,
                    Roy O. IParde
                                  Oplist
                Phones B 1774
                       D 2790                       Room s




                             W. J,
                    1814 O Sf                 LINOOLU
                        The Educational Messenger                                 31

                                             showed us that he would be known to
        TKe Art Lecture                      posterity as an artist had he not won
   "I don't know much about art, but         greater fame in scientific lines.
I think my system needs it, so I'm going       A number of well-known paintings by
to this lecture,"a student was heard to      modern artists were shown, among them
say on Saturday evening, January 21.         Whistler's portrait of his mother, a
So the American people in general are        child's portrait by Sargent, a mural
just beginning to realize that art, as       painting of the "Knighting of Sir Gal­
well as music, should have a place in        ahad" by Abbey, and a bucking bron­
their lives, that it plays a part in the     cho by Remington.
happiness and well-being of every one.          Industrial art had a place in develop­
   The lecturer of the evening was Dr.       ing a number of our great artists, sev­
Paul Grumman, Dean of the College of         eral turned from etching to painting,
Fine Arts of the University of Nebras­       and one first wielded the brush as a
ka, and his subject was "American            house painter.
Painting." The lecture was illustrated         Those interested in art will have the
with stereopticon reproductions of fam­      opportunity of seeing some of the best
ous paintings from the days of George        productions of American artists at the
Washington down to the present.              art exhibition to be held at the Univer­
   Our rirst great artist was Benjamin       sity, beginning February 15, and con­
West, who learned from the Indians           tinuing a month. This exhibition will
how to make his own paints, for there        be free to all, so we cannot afford to
was then no such thing as our modern         miss it. We should certainly be delighted
paint-boxes. West went to England,           if such an opportunity were ours to hear
 and there won recognition as a master       correspondingly great musical artists.
 artist, for he was president of the Royal   Why not develop both sides of the es­
 Society for twenty-one years. A pupil       thetic nature?
of West's, Gilbert Stuart, became a                              BERTHA WILSON.
 famous portrait painter, best known,
perhaps, for his portrait of Washington.
The work of some of o-Ji- early portrait
 artists has scarcely been excelled at the     TKe Creed of Democracy)
 present time, probably because photog­
 raphy has to so great an extent taken         Saturday night, January 7, an ex­
 the place of painting.                      pectant gathering of Unionites was
                                             addressed by Granville Jones. After
   While our early portrait painters were
                                             the usual introductory remarks he stated
 influenced by English artists, the work     that our nation always has had prob­
 of our landscape artists shows the influ­
                                             lems to solve and especially those in­
 ence of French artists, especially of       volving other nations. The World War
 Corot and Millet. American scenery,
                                             has shown us that we cannot go on
 however, differs widely from that of
                                             alone, we must take the other nations
 Europe. It is wild and primeval, while
                                             into our consideration.     Today the
 European landscapes show the effects
                                             world is looking to us to feed the
 of man's long dominion.
                                             starving, shelter those who are without
    A beautiful portrait by S. F. B. Morse   homes, and guide them. The reason
32                     The Educational Messenger
why we are fed while others are starv­       The civil war divided not only the
ing; sheltered while others are exposed   North and South, but it divided fami­
to the inclemency of the weather; pros­   lies; in the bitter strife father was
perous while others are in want of the    against son and brother against brother.
bare necessities of life; our money in    This past period should never be repeat­
demand by those whose currency is far     ed in our history. Anything that tends to
below par value, is because our govern­   bring class distinction should not be
ment protects us.                         allowed to exist.
  Mr. Jones then proceeded to give us        The thought he left us inclosing was,
his definition of an American. "An        that a revival of religious training is
American believes something about         needed and that we should believe in
government and what he believes about     liberty, union, and God.
government is what makes him an                          ESTHER FARNSWORTH.
American. It is his creed."
  One hundred and forty-five years
ago fifty-six men appointed a com­
mittee of five men to bring in a report                 Seminar
to show what Americans believed and         Are you interested in the progress
just what they intended to do about       of the Union College Ministerial Sem­
what they believed. This committee        inar of the year 1921-22?
produced our Declaration of Independ­       Our own America began with the
ence, the creed of an American.           Organization of thirteen colonies. What



             The Dunlap Barber Shop has recently
          added two new pair of electric clippers also
          an electric curling iron thus making their
          equipment very complete for the New Year's
          business.
            Girls, it is a good place to get your hair
          bobbed where you get curls.       Remember
          the Dunlap Hair Cut pleases the men and
          boys.    We have them in any style.      The
          ladies are delighted with Mrs. Dunlap's
          work on their heads and faces and recom-
          mend her to their friends.
            Let us have your patronage.         We ap-
          preciate it and we will give you efficient
          service in return.       Yours truly,
                                     C. E. Dunlap
                       The Educational Messenger                                    33

is she today? Only twenty-four were        Christ": Mr. Youngberg's advice to
present at the first meeting of the sem­   young ministers; and Mr. Beltz' talk on
inar last fall. The next meeting called    the "Importance of Music in Church Ser­
forth thirty, then forty, and now our      vices, '' all of thee shave helped to lay the
 average attendance is more than           foundation upon which our workers and
seventy-five, more than once nearing       ministers are to build.
two hundred.                                  Could America herself have pro­
   All of our meetings have been inter­    gressed more rapidly than our seminar
esting as well as edifying. The talk       in four short months? United we stand,
by Elder Underwood on "The Importance      divided we fall. Does seminar today
 of Ministerial Work"; the "Bible Quiz''   not prove that we are united? Does it
by Professor Andreasen;a lecture by Mrs.   not show that every individual who
 L.F. Morrison on "Bible Readings"; the    attends is doing his bit toward making
 "Importance of Story Telling in Bible     it stronger?
 and Ministerial Work" by Miss Philmon;       We—the old officers who are today
 a lecture by Mrs. Anderon; a "Model       leaving our charges to the care of the
 Bible Reading" by Mrs. Morrison; Dr.      new officers, trust that you have reaped
Nicola's lecture on health; Elder           and will continue to reap as much here
 Bunch's lecture proving that Mrs.          as you have sown.
 White was a true prophet; the report
 of the young ministers; Elder Andross'                      LEADER-MR. NASH
 sermonette on "Ambassadors for                       SECRETARY Miss PLOWDEN


     Don't regret in the future as some people urill do that
              you didn't haue uour photograph made at
                       Anderson's Studio
          1034 O St.                  :; :            Phone L-8748
            J\.sk to see our Students' Special at $3.00 per dozen



    Trj>-

    CARRELL'S SAMPLE SHOE STORE
             for BARGAINS
    1034 O Street                                                       Up Stairs
34                     The Educational Messenger

         Colporteur Band
                                          1i         CLASS PINS               (I
                                                                              if
   At the close of the session OP Janu­
                                          IWE MAKE THE DISTINCTIVE KIND OF||
ary 8, a small but interested group met   I    WHICH YOU WILL BE PROUD    II
for the organization of the colporteur    =                               ==
interests in Union College. We were
assisted by Elder Blosser, the field
agent for the Central Uuion. His prac­
tical advise and helpful suggestions
were greatly appreciated.                 I     GRADUATION GIFTS              (I
   Miss Riser was elected leader. Her
previous colporteur experience and        Bits time to select them for!!
earnest enthusiasm well qualifies her     Ivour friends. We will helpjf
for the work.    Mr. Garret was elected   I you select a real gift. ((
assistant leader and Mr. Nichols secre­
tary. To assist the officers in arrang­
ing for future programs, Miss Rosen-
berger was appointed to complete the
committee. Each one has had consider­
able experience in the canvassing work        College View Jewelry Shop!
                                          !        W. H. NASH. Proprietor     i
and we feel assured that they will give   i              Phone 314-J          i
us something of real practical value.


 Rooms 103 & 204 - Hornung Bldg.

                                                At Your Service
                                                   Hair-Cutting a Specially




       Frank T. Lopp                             SANITARY
           Dental Surgeon
                                                  BARBER
                                                   SHOP
         X-Ray Diagnosis
        Open on Sunday
                                                    Give Us a Trial

     Oflice Phone 48-w Res. ii3-w
                                                M. T. SMITH, Prop.
            College View
                           The Educational Messenger                                      35




                    THIS and THAT
   A. T. Friend, a student here for sev­      ery, Mae E. Johnson, Mrs. G. E. Pease,
eral year?, and business manager of the       and Isaac Hornbacker.
MESSENGER, has gone to his home at               Doctor Grumman, dean of the Uni­
Haxtum, Colo. W. H. Nash has been             versity School of Fine Arts, gave an
elected to succeed him.                       illustrated lecture on American Art, at
   Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Crosier have           the college on Saturday evening, Janu­
taken rooms at North Hall. Mr. Cro­           ary 21.
sier recently made a trip to Minneap­            Professor Robison went to Enterprise
olis.                                         last week to attend the teachers' insti­
   H. H. Williams has established what        tute.
is known as the College View Photo               Ralph Reed and Roy Shipley have
Shop, in the Hornung Building.                been keeping Bachelor's Hall while Mrs.
   J. J. Ireland, General Conference          Reed visited her mother in Kansas.
auditor, has been here to audit the col­         We are sorry to report that our new
lege books.                                   business manager, W. H. Nash, has
    Hydrotherapy classes have been or­        been on the sick list. His work was
ganized, Miss Huenergardt having              distributed among other members of the
charge of the girls' class and Mr. El-         MESSENGER Board. Who said girls
 strom of the boys'.                           can't get advertisements? Just ask
    Mrs. Innis of Colorado is here visiting    Martha Bauer.
 Merle and Marie Innis.                          The Thursday morning chapel hour
    Among the new students to begin            was occupied by Professor Anderson,
 work the second semester are: Mrs.            who told us some interesting things
 Lawrence Johnson, Flora M. Montgom­           about India.

 I   Students wanting Public School work                   TeacKers Wanting better salaries
 {                               Should SEE or WRITE

 j The Nebraska School Service j
               and
       Teachers' Exchange
            Rooms 3 and 4                  1105 O Street     -   -      Lincoln
     Enrollment FREE                                 We will do you ONLY GOOD
36                       The Educational Messenger
  We are very sorry to hear that Rilla     him, but it is feared that he will lose
Archibald has been forced to give up       the use of that eye.
her work at Enterprise Academy on ac­        Mrs. Mina Ball and Lloyd and Clar.
count of failing health. Margaret Jen-     ence Dixon have been enjoying a visit
kins is now preceptress.                   from their parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. C.
  The MESSENGER Board spent a very         Dixon, of Portis, Kans.
pleasant evening at the home of Mr.           Our printer, George Jeys, spent Wed­
and Mrs. Jacobson Saturday evening,        nesday, February 1, in Omaha, attend­
January 28. A number of very inter­        ing business matters.
esting games were played, after which
                                             Prof. H. F. Saxton of Enterprise,
ice cream and cake were served.
                                           Kans., spent several days in College
  After being stranded on fourth floor
                                           View during the last week of January.
for several weeks, Ennis Pickett is
glad to get back to school. He has           Harold Anderson spent a week at
just recovered from the smallpox. As       Ruthven, Iowa, helping with the farm
he came down Verner Anderson took          work during his brother-in-law's ill­
                                           ness.
his place. Verner is over the worst
part of his sickness and would like a         Mary Edna Wallace, of the profess­
parole.                                    ional class '20, is now at Enterprise,
   While working in the laboratory re­     Kansas.
cently, Raymond Burke got some acetic        The new officers of the Young Peo­
anhydride acid in his eye. Several         ple's Society are: Leader, Harold Klem«
specialists are doing their utmost for     ent; assistant leaders, Virginia Rosen-



     UNION COLLEGE BATH-ROOMS
            Let us ha\>e a crack a' that cold before it gets the best of you. We
     are equipped to do good worfc. 'Physical examination by competent doctor
     if desired.

     OPEN AFTERNOONS                 <PHONE 300- W
                 R. L. ELSTROM, Mgr.


      HENRY KELLER

                  Reliable Shoe Repairer
                                  142 No. 12th St.
      LINCOLN                                                  NEBRASKA
                                  •PHONE L-9809
                      The Educational Messenger                             37



              Dr. H. W. Slingluff
                     CHIROPRACTOR
                      Palmer School Graduate

  Suite 71 5 Security Mutual Bidg. Phone L91 48 Lincoln, Nebr.

       Specialist in nervous, chronic, and female diseases



berger and Royal Tucker; secretary,      There was a little excitement at the
Otho Kirk; assistant secretary, Carrie printshop the other day. It caught
Graves; pianist, Mabel Van Gorder: fire but no serious damage resulted.
chorister, Harry Davis.                   Several former students began school
   In chapel hour, February 1, we sang the second semester. Among them are:
our college song with special vim and Melba Mattox, Celia Cook, John Dea-
enthusiasm. Following this Professor pen, June Fitch, Thomas Garner, Wil­
Morrison announced that the semester liam Whitaker, Glen Cornelius, R. M.
grades would be handed out. Silence--- Dillworth, and Mabel Hinkhouse.
sighs--groans. Wonder why?                We are all very sorry to have Pro­
   Helen Graybill enjoyed a week-end fessor C. L. Premer leave us the sec­
visit from her sister, Mrs. Rassmussen, ond semester. Before he left the stu­
of Orlando, Florida.                    dents in his classes gave him a beauti­
    The students who were here several ful table lamp as a token of their friend­
 years ago will be able to sympathize ship and good wishes. Professor Pre­
 with those of us who were vaccinated mer is going to teach in the schools of
 for smallpox last week.                Omaha.
    James Milton underwent a serious       A few friends gave a birthday sur­
 operation Saturday, January 7.     We prise to James Durland one evening of
 are glad to hear that he will be up last week.
 again soon.                               Mr. and Mrs. V. L. Chapman were



          DOWN COME THE PRICES OF GOOD
             SHOE REPAIRING                     --      PRICE RIGHT

    SUPERIOR REPAIRING                         :~D :"     PROMPT SERVICE

                                    GIVE ME ATRIAL

    GEORGE HUDSON, PROP.                                IN SERVICE GARAGE
88                       The Educational Messenger

week-end visitors, January 6 and 7.         torium, Tuesday evening. January 24.
  Professor Morrison gave us this ex­         Jessie Mullikin has been ill for sev­
cellent seed thought in his chapel talk     eral days, and has now gone home.
Monday: Every experience of life has        Both she and her sister Ethel recently
a lesson for us, and our education should   enjoyed a visit from their sister, brother-
prepare us to meet life's greater ex­       in-law, and mother.
periences fairly and squarely.
                                              Professor Andreason addressed the
  At 6:30 on January 7, a dozen of Lin-     Seminar Sabbath on "How to Organize
nie Keith's girl friends surprised her,     a Church." Special music was furnish­
it being her birthday. Delicious re­        ed by Professor Engel and Mrs. Ander-
freshments were served, and all had a       son.-
pleasant time.     Miss Keith received
                                              Doctor Leavitt, Superintendent of
several pretty and useful gifts.
                                            the Society of the Friendless, addressed
  Harvey Nichols, a former student of       the school at the chapel time, January
Union, underwent a heavy operation on       25.
Friday, January 27.    He is getting          A number of girl friends of Volga
along nicely.                               Jacobson surprised her on the evening
  A number of students had the privil­      of January 11.       Miss Jacobson was
ege of hearing the famous Russian pia­      given a handkerchief shower.
nist, Rachmaninoff, at the City Audi­         The Union College Bjard met recent-




                    BU1J IT NO1D-
         J\. Union College Pillou^top or Pennant
                    haue a fine assortment
               Union College Book Store

      KTexv Studies 03) Correspondence
    The Fireside Correspondence School announces the following
new subjects: Applied Business English; Wisdom Bibical Literature
-Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes; Practical Nursing (based on the
new General Conference textbooks "Home Nursing", and "The Way
to Health"); Parliamentary Law. Those interested in these sub­
jects should write at once for particulars to
               C. C. Lewis, Principal,
                   Fireside Correspondence School,
                                 TakomaPark,D.C.
                       The Educational Messenger                              39
ly, and a number of General and Union         Vera Howard gave her recital for
conference men were here.        Among      graduation on Saturday evening, Janu­
them was Prof. W. E. Howell, who            ary 14.
 gave us an interesting chapel talk.           Elder Bunch's two sermons at the
   Myrtle Cummings enjoyed a visit from     church on "Dress" and "Health Re­
 her mother recently.                       form" were both helpful and instruc­
   The right and wrong way of prepar­       tive.
ing an English lesson was demonstrated         Nikulas Bjornson, who was with us
in a program given in Doctor Olsen's        during the term of 1919-20, is now in
 Advanced English Literature class last     Europe as private secretary of Elder
 Wednesday.                                 L. H. Christiansen.



II
ii
                   Golden Crust Bread
H                                  Suits

H                   Union College Students
                                                                       Lincoln, i
|{ Capitol Bakery)




               THE PKNCIL THAT'S ALWAYS                     SHARP
     YOU'LL FIND A FULL ASSORTMENT. SELECTED ESPECIALLY FOR STUDENTS
                        COME AND          FIT    YOUR   HAND

         COLLEGE VIEW PHARMACY
     .J. K. EVERKTT,      Pi!Oi>                         PHONE COI.I.HGF.



                  For BOULDER health foods call at


           COLLEGE VIEW GROCERY
                                          also

                      Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
 QooeeaoeeeocoGeeooooeooeooe                            soaoosoeo
40    The Educational Messenger




     Hezekiah              29:29
      Therefore u>lioso tooteth not his
     own horn, by whom shall his horn
     be tooted?"




       We claim v}e are REAL
                                          i
     PRINTERS, and v?e LIKE
     to naA)e $ou say "I'm from
     Missouri."


     Union College Press
          "on the College Campus"
                       The Educational Messenger                             41

            YOUR     SATISFACTION           IS    OUR   SUCCESS

                 COLLEGE BARBER SHOP
                 DIRECTLY WEST OF COLLEGE
                 TRY OUR TRU-BEE FACE CREAM
=       _     __                                  WE CLOSE ONE HOUR BEFORE
        L. t. TRUBEY                                   SUNSET FRIDAY EVE




          WE ARE DELIVERING SPECIAL ORDERS
         OF ICE CREAM ALL OVER COLLEGE VIEW,
           ALSO NORMAL.              WE SELL THE BEST -
         FRANKLIN'S.
        LIBERTY FRUIT                                      PHONE
    L
                      Bank of College Viextf
                        Does a General Banking Business
                        Your Patronage Solicited .
                        Your Interests are Our Interests

        COLLEGE VIEW,                                          NEBRASKA



                     See us for skates, hockey sticks, razors, strops,

             sKaving cream, knifes, and shears.



              Harvey-Enslow Lumber Co.
                     We Appreciate the Student Trade
42                  The Educational Messenger



          SANITARY GROCERY
                              PHONE 7

                  PICNIC SUPPLIES

     Three reasons for buying your hardware of us:--
                  We have the thing you need.
                  The quality is right.
                  The price is right.

         Hornung Hardware Company
     1025 L ST.            The Cash Store        PHONE 94




                   They Do
       WHY NOT PATRONIZE THEM? |
                               The Educational Messenger                                    43
                                      ' nl~            'Hi              IF    ir~       ir

        jpull .peals                                                     ^fjort
                     BON TON CAFE
                The Community Club Meets Here Feb. 1st & 15th
                   for 12 o'clock Lunch--all Members Invited
                     Special orders of Cream (Bricks or Bulk) delivered.
        "Collins mean? Quality"          A. A. Rupert, Prop.                 Phone 3 14-J
   T~               ~i'    "             'n'            inr              n     II        ir*.
II""

    I DO YOU WANT RIGHT PRICES?
                    Low prices are based on large turnovers
                            HELP US HELP YOU

\               CENTRAL CASH GROCERY
                    Phone 23-J             7th and L         Free delivery service

.iiuiiiiniii
*•—



                                     it toitl)
                     Ctjaptn 25rosi., jflorfete
                                           of College

                                           -in i-        —inr-

               (IIben you ioant to take a real nidc in a neal can
                                   call "3ay"
                     STORAGE. TIRES, AND ACCESSORIES
                          College Uiew Garage
           Service at all times                                                Phone 94
                                   DPI
44                     The Educational Messenger

                             THE WAY FOR BETTER PRINTING"

                                            Letterheads
                                            Envelopes
                                            Adv. Blotters
                                            Books
                                            Catalogs
                                            House Organs
                                            Loose Leaf Sheets
                                                     are a Specialty
                                                     With Us




                Iaue taken t :ie
                  Ice out of Seruice^ - H
                                 How did we do it?
                              B Your printing.the and workman­
                              all
                                    putting ideas
                                  ship above       average into

                                "Any-old thing" is not our idea
                              of service. We have the equip­
                              ment and the men, men who
                              know how to give you what you
                              want and when you want it.


          THE LINCOLN PRINTING CO.
                        MAUL BROTHERS, Proprietors
     129 South llth Street                           Lincoln, Nebr»ska
             COLLEGE CflFE
        FRESH PIES, CAKES, SANDWICHES, and MEALS
                   Candies—Box, Bulk, or Bar


                Our Ice Cream Parlor is Always Open



             College Cafe
                             QROTH, Pttop.
     Fountain Service      —      —      —      Day and Night
                  Experienced Cook and Management




         Union College Laundry
<'      Has just installed a new wash room
        and equipment.       We are equipped to
        do first class worfy. Our collar and
        shirt department is growing.
           WE INVITE ALL THE STUDENTS' AND
                  VILLAGE'S BUSINESS

                      B. F. Periman, Mgr.
" Union College ||


<'
{'



      "The Student's Desire"
      Recognized Everywhere

     H. A. MORRISON, President
        COLLEGE VIEW, NEBRASKA

				
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