Vietnam Vietnam by yaohongm

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 55

									Vietnam
     Tourism
              Introduction
   Country Background…Wendie
   Investment Statistics…Alex
   Visitor Statistics…Kenny
   War related Tourism…Meredith
   Non- War related Tourism…Tom
    The Socialist Republic of Vietnam

•1990 the European Union established official diplomatic relations
with Vietnam.

•1992 Vietnam signed a 1976 ASEAN agreement on regional
amity and cooperation, regarded as the first step towards ASEAN
membership

•1996 ASEAN membership

•1992 Vietnam established diplomatic relations with South Korea

•1995 Vietnam and the United States agreed to exchange low-
level diplomats.

•1997, the U.S. and Vietnam established full diplomatic relations.
http://www.go-vietnam-hotels.com/general_info/history.htm
            Vietnam Background

   Location
    - Southeastern Asia
      - bordering Gulf of
    Thailand, Gulf of
    Tonkin, the South
    China Sea, and Laos
      - between China and
    Cambodia
     Vietnam Background
 Geographic
 Characteristics
- total land area is 325,360 sq.
 km (125,621.496 sq. mi.)


 Terrain
- South and North, low flat delta
- Center, mostly highlands
- Far North and Northwest, hilly
  and mountainous
Vietnam Background
• Climate
 - tropical in South
 - monsoonal in North
   - hot, rainy season
   - warm, dry season
 -” In Vietnam there exist a variety of
  ancient tropical fauna and about 200
  species of animals, 800 species of
  birds,100 species of amphibians and
  over 150 species of reptiles. 1,000
  species live in the seas and rivers
  and 200 species live in fresh water”-
  Embassy of Vietnam
        Vietnam Background
Economy
- GDP is approx. $83.5
  billion
- Agriculture makes up
  36% of the GDP.

Currency
- new dong
- US $1~ ND $11,000
Foreign Direct Investment
FDI in first 7 months focused on Industrial Zones


           Total licensed projects: 332
           Total registered investment capital: US$ 794 million (+81% in
           projects, +0.5 % in capital)



                                                                Total Registered Capital
             Sector                    Number of Project
                                                                     (US$ million)


  Industrial & construction                     260                       543

  The agricultural forestry
                                                    15                    30
  and aqua-products

  Tourism & hotel
  service, Culture &                            57                       221
  Health

                              (Source: Vietnam Economy Times)
Foreign Direct Investment
Investment Status : Investment by sector




Source: VIR 7-13/Apr/2003)
Foreign Direct Investment
Realized capital


                                                                 Total Capital
  Segment
                                                                 (US$ billion)

  Heavy industry                                          4.34

  Oil & Gas                                               3.34

  Light Industry                                          2.40

  Hotel & Tourism                                         2.02
  Construction                                            1.92

  Office - Apartment                                      1.60

  Food Processing                                         1.47

  Agriculture, forestry, fisheries                        1.22

  Transport, Post                                         1.00



                       Source: SGT weekly (01/Apr/2003)
Foreign Direct Investment
Number of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : year


                                        FDI Projects (1988-2000) Licensed

                          400
                          350
   Number of Project(s)




                          300
                          250
                          200
                          150
                          100
                          50
                           0
                              88

                              89

                              90

                              91

                              92

                              93

                              94

                              95

                              96

                              97

                              98

                              99

                              00
                           19

                           19

                           19

                           19

                           19

                           19

                           19

                           19

                           19

                           19

                           19

                           19

                           20
                                                                            Year


                                Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Foreign Direct Investment
Number of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : year


                        FDI Projects (1988-2000) Licensed : Total
                                   Registered Capital

                 9000
                 8000
                 7000
   US$ million




                 6000
                 5000
                 4000
                 3000
                 2000
                 1000
                    0
                      88

                      89

                      90

                      91

                      92

                      93

                      94

                      95

                      96

                      97

                      98

                      99

                      00
                   19

                   19

                   19

                   19

                   19

                   19

                   19

                   19

                   19

                   19

                   19

                   19

                   20
                                               Year
Foreign Direct Investment
Number of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : economic activity

                                                                     Total registered capital
                                              Number of projects
                                                                          (US$ million)
   Total                                    3170                   39100.8

   Agriculture. Forestry                    321                    1,379.9

   Fishery                                  96                     355.1

   Industry                                 1704                   16,077.5

   Of which: Oil and gas industry           56                     4,200.4

   Construction                             282                    4,616.6

   Hotel & Tourism                          202                    4,834.8
   Transport. Communication                 140                    3,424.9

   Finance. Banking                         34                     243.1

   Cultural. Health. Education              98                     523.7

   Other services                           293                    7,645.2




              Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Foreign Direct Investment
Number of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : province




                                                                                      Total
                                  Number of Projects                            registered capital
                                                                                  (US$ million)



         Total                             363                                      828.1

  Red River Delta                           42                                       43.4

         Hanoi                              36                                       33.5

     North East                             18                                       18.4

                             Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics
 Foreign Direct Investment
 Number of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : main counterpart
                                                                              Total registered capital
                                                    Number of Projects
                                                                                   (US$ million)

Total                                       3170                         39,100.8
Of which


Taiwan                                      605                          4,884.6
Hong Kong (China)                           319                          3,634.3

Korea of Rep. Of                            309                          3,224.7

Japan                                       296                          3,441.2

Singapore                                   252                          5,886.1

France                                      158                          2,175.5

Thailand                                    135                          1,092.4

United States                               120                          1,339.3

British Virgin Islands.                     106                          1,845.6

China R.P                                   105                          151.0


                     Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Total Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 – 2002

                 Year                              1999          2000      2001        2002

   Total Visitor Arrivals to Vietnam          1,781,754      2,140,100   2,330,050   2,627,988


                Total Visitor Arrivals to Vietnam 1999 - 2000


 3,000,000                                                               2,627,988
                                                          2,330,050
 2,500,000                             2,140,100
 2,000,000        1,781,754

 1,500,000

 1,000,000

  500,000

         0
                  1999                 2000               2001           2002
ASEAN Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 – 2002

          Year                1999       2000        2001         2002

     ASEAN Visitors          167,281    265,338     240,883      269,448


             ASEAN Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002



   300,000                   265,338                   269,448
                                          240,883
   250,000
   200,000       167,281
   150,000
   100,000
    50,000
         0
                 1999        2000        2001         2002
Other Asian Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 -
                    2002
          Year                1999          2000           2001          2002
   Other Asian Visitors      824,041      1,067,223      1,152,934   1,320,286



         Other Asian Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002



                                                             1,320,286
   1400000
                                             1,152,934
   1200000                    1,067,223
   1000000         824,041
    800000
    600000
    400000
    200000
          0
                  1999        2000           2001            2002
Europe Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002

            Year               1999      2000       2001         2002

      Europe Visitors         234,006   272,001    306,620      343,350


         Europe Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002

                                                      343,350
   350000                                306,620
   300000                    272,001
                   234,006
   250000
   200000
   150000
   100000
    50000
        0
                   1999      2000       2001         2002
North American Visitors Arrival to Vietnam
              1999 - 2002
             Year                1999        2000        2001          2002

  North American Visitors       241,468     239,487     266,433       303,519


            North American Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002


  350000                                                    303,519
  300000                                      266,433
                    241,468     239,487
  250000
  200000
  150000
  100000
   50000
        0
                    1999       2000          2001          2002
Oceania Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 -
                  2002
            Year              1999     2000       2001          2002
    Oceania Visitors          67,811   73,447     90,982       104,890


       Oceania Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002


  120,000                                            104,890
  100,000                                90,982
                              73,447
   80,000           67,811
   60,000

   40,000

   20,000

       0
                   1999      2000      2001         2002
Other Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002
          Year                1999       2000        2001          2002

      Other Visitors         247,153    242,389     272,198       286,485


             Other Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002

                                                        286,485
   290,000
   280,000                                272,198
   270,000
   260,000
                   247,153
   250,000                    242,389
   240,000
   230,000
   220,000
                  1999       2000        2001          2002
Comparison of Visitors from Different
       Markets 1999 - 2002
                                         ASEAN
 1,400,000                               Visitors

 1,200,000                               Other Asian
                                         Visitors
 1,000,000
                                         Europe
  800,000                                Visitors

  600,000                                North
                                         American
  400,000                                Visitors
                                         Oceanian
  200,000                                Visitors

        0                                Other Visitors
             1999   2000   2001   2002
Percentage of Different Markets in 1999

                 1999


      14%   9%
                             ASEAN Visitors
 4%
                             Other Asian Visitors
                             Europe Visitors
14%
                             North American Visitors
                 46%         Oceanian Visitors

  13%                        Other Visitors
 Percentage of Different Market in 2002

                    2002

                                ASEAN Visitors
       11%    10%
  4%                            Other Asian Visitors


12%                             Europe Visitors

                                North American
                                Visitors
13%                             Oceanian Visitors
                     50%

                                Other Visitors
 Reasons for Increased Tourism



 Modernizing and developing economy.
 Tourist campaigns highlighting beaches, golf
  courses, adventure travel, and history.
 Affordability
            International Flights to Vietnam
                                        Distance & Flying Times

         Sector   Distance       Flying Time                   Sector    Distance       Flying Time
                   Miles           Return                                 Miles           Return
to Hanoi                                           to Ho Chi Minh City
Bangkok                    602              1:50   Bangkok                        461              1:35
Beijing               1,458                 3:35
Hong Kong                  541              2:00   Hong Kong                      938              2:30

Los Angeles           7,648             16:35 Los Angeles                    8,158             16:45
Melbourne             4,786              10:45     Melbourne                 4,168                 8:30
Moscow                4,193              10:25     Moscow                    4,789              12:25
Paris                 5,713              11:30     Paris                     6,288              12:10

San Francisco         7,304             16:45 San Francisco                  7,819             16:55
Seoul                 1,696                 4:50   Seoul                     2,232                 5:50
Singapore             1,366                 4:00   Singapore                      680              2:00
Sydney                4,828              11:00     Sydney                    4,256                 8:40
Taipei                1,032                 3:40   Taipei                    1,385                 3:35
Tokyo                 2,310                 6:25   Tokyo                     2,685                 6:25
    Sample Tour Package to Vietnam

Number of People               2             5             7 to 9        9 to 12   12 to 14
Price in US$                  895          727              677           653        627

INCLUDES:                                  EXCLUDES:
• Twins sharing room at 2-3 star hotel.    • International flight
12 nights in total.                        from/to Vietnam
• Meals as mentioned the Program. 12       • Visa arrangement
breakfasts, 11 lunches and 12 dinners,     • Personal expenses
7USD / lunch or dinner / person. Special   (laundry, phone calls etc.)
requirement ( vegetarian, Muslim food )    • Drinks
could be arranged with prior notice        • Tips and gratuities
from guest.
• Land transfer by A/C vehicle for whole
trip
• Domestic air ticket from Hanoi to Hue
• Domestic air ticket from Danang to
Sai Gon
• Sailing boat trip in Halong bay
• Dragon boat trip in Perfumer River in
Hue
• English/French speaking guides.
Other languages are available upon
request.
• Admission fees for all tourist places.
           War Tourism
Vietnam is most prominently known as a place of war
and political strife. However, as the country opens up
 to foreign investment, war tourism has become an
                   increasing attraction.
    Places of Interest

 Ho Chi Minh Trail

 Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)

 Hue
              Ho Chi Minh Trail
 The Ho Chi Minh Trail was a
  supply route used by the
  Vietcong during the war. It
  consisted of mazes of jungle,
  paths, tunnels, and canals
  which the Americans and
  South Vietnamese failed to
  conquer.

 Currently, a 42 kilometer
  section is under restoration to
  become a sightseeing trail.
  This is estimated to cost $3.5
  million and should be
  completed by 2005.
Ho Chi Minh Trail
        Tourism


 Tourists will stop at war sites as well as learn about the
  ecology and culture of the area.

   – Ta Con airport
   – Troung Son cemetery
        Includes a memorial for the soldiers who kept the trail opened
   – Dakroung forest
   – Van Kieu-Pa Ko ethnic groups

   http://www.vnn.vn/english/765/2003/9/15076/
   Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
– War Remnants Museum (Museum of American War
  Crimes)
   Displays illustrations of violent crimes committed against civilians by
    American soldiers during the Vietnam War, such as the spreading of
    toxic defoliant and torturing of prisoners. Includes a mock prison with
    emaciated models that are beheaded and dismembered. 6 million
    visitors (1 million from abroad) have entered the museum in the past
    29 years.
    Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
– Military Museum
    Collection of tanks, shells, bombs and
     wreckage from American and Vietnamese
     troops.
– Rex Hotel
    A popular hangout for American soldiers
     during the war. Preserved to look much as
     it did during the war.
– Apocalypse Now Nightclub
    One of many nightclubs that have emerged
     with a war theme to attract tourists.
– Cu Chu Tunnels
                     Cu Chi Tunnels
 “The Cu Chi tunnels, a 75-mile-
  long underground maze where
  thousands of fighters and villagers
  could hide, are at the top of the
  list of tourist spots for Ho Chi Minh
  City, 45 miles to the southeast.”
  New York Times

 “Besides housing a huge guerilla
  garrison that operated safely yet
  within easy striking distance of the
  American forces in Danang, the
  mountain caves also offered
  sleeping quarters, kitchen and a
  full field hospital.” New York Times
         War Tourism
Cu Chi Tunnels
                     War Tourism
             Cu Chi Tunnels: What to expect
“Following the man in green fatigues, the tourists arrive at an open-
   sided hut, where the women in black show them to their seats.
   There, on a big-screen television set, the Vietnam War plays on: B-
   52's drop strings of bombs, villagers run for cover, communist
   guerrillas fight back.” (New York Times)

A sign outside the tunnels reads: "Please try to be a Cu Chi guerrilla.
   Wear these uniforms before entering tunnel." Black pajamas, pith
   helmets, rubber sandals and old rifles are available.”
(New York Times)
                         War Tourism
          Cu Chi Tunnels: What to expect
Visitors can:

       Pay $1 a bullet to shoot an AK-47 rifle.
       View reproductions of American GI Zippo lighters that
        say such things as

    –     "Death is my business and business has been good."
    –     "I know I'm going to heaven because I've already been to hell:
          Vietnam.“

       Purchase dog tags and jewelry made from bullet shells
New York Times and www.gluckman.com/vietwar
                         Hue
 Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)

  – A 5 kilometer patch of land stretching from the Laotian
    Border to the South China Sea that was desecrated by
    bombs and battles.

  – Trucks take the tourists around the battlefield area
    where there are guns lying next to the road in a
    downward position, symbolic of American defeat. Along
    the tour, one will see bombed churches, old bridges,
    and rotting tanks.
                     Hue
– It is impressed upon the tourists that the fields
  were planted with mines, which still go off
  occasionally, thus continuing America’s
  destruction on Vietnam. The people living
  around the area, however, have been creative
  with the wreckage. Old shells have become
  flowerpots and parts of fences, and tarnac from
  airfields now appears nailed into roofs.
         Hue

 Quang Tri Tunnels

  – Vinh Moc was the first city in North Vietnam to be hit by
    US bombs. These tunnels were built by local villagers
    in order to escape bombings by B-52’s.
      Each family was entitled to 4 meter’s squared of space, which
       then connected to other families spaces to form webs of
       tunnels.
      The tunnels included meeting rooms and a clinic, where 17
       babies were born underground.
                       Hue
 Khe Sang Base
  – Located in the DMZ, this base was the sight of
    pivotal fighting in the war. Used to deploy US
    soldiers into North Vietnam.


 Ta Con Airport
     Important airport of the Khe Sang Base, which had
      the most modern equipment and best soldiers.
                     Hue
 Today, Khe Sang Base and the Ta Con Airport are
  being renovated to better attract war buffs since
  most of the actual war remnants no longer exist.
  Tourism (not war related)
Vietnam possesses variety of tourist
attractions:
  –Hanoi
     Capital of Vietnam
     History, Museums, Temples etc…
  –Ha Long Bay
     Recognized by UNESCO as natural wonder
     Over 3,000 Islands
     165 km from Hanoi
  –Sapa
     “Sapa is still a must-see on any northern Vietnam
     itinerary. On a clear day you will treated to views of
     steeply terraced rice fields, towering verdant ridgelines,
     primitive mud-thatched villages, raging rivers and
     astounding waterfalls.” (Vietnamadventures.com)
                        Hanoi
 Hanoi is the capital of
  Vietnam
   – Large city
   – Located in East Plains
     of North VN.
   – European City
   – Population: 2 million
                                 Hanoi
 Where to stay?
  – Sofitel Metropole Hanoi
  – $200 per night for a single or
    double.
  – Classic French Colonial Hotel
    – recently remodeled

  “Before the recent building boom in upscale hotels, the Metropole
  was ‘The Place’ to stay in Hanoi. For many, it still is. This classic
  French colonial hotel in the center of Hoan Kiem District was
  restored and remodeled a few years ago by the Sofitel chain.
  Today the Metropole is as much a hub for business and society as
  it is a hotel.” (Vietnamadventures.com)
                       Hanoi
 Places of Interest:
 The Ba Dinh Square
  Zone
  – Ho Chi Minh
    Mausoleum
  – Uncle Ho’s house-on-
    stilts
  – Ho Chi Minh Museum
 The West Lake Zone
  – Area of over 800
    hectares
                  Ha Long Bay




•Main Attractions of Ha Long Bay:
    •Calm clear waters
    •3000 Island’s and Limestone Mountains
    •Sandy Beaches
•Location:
    •165km from Hanoi
    •Northern part of VN
                 Ha Long Bay




•Bai Chay (Scorched Beach)
     •Dark Sand, 70 deg F
     •Named Scorched Beach b/c of historical event.
•Perfect place to start a tour of Ha Long Bay
Ha Long Bay
     Hang Dau Go (Wooden
      Stakes Cave)
      – One of most beautiful
        caves at Ha Long
      – 3 Chambers to the caves
          Outer Chamber
            – Largest Capacity (~3000
              people)
            – 25 m high ceilings
          Middle Chamber
            – Famous for colorful
              stalagmites and stalactites
          Inner Chamber
            – Much Smaller than others
            – Stone wells full of fresh
              water year round
Ha Long Bay
     Sung Sot Cave
      – Path to cave is quite steep
      – 2 Chambers
           Outer Chamber
              – Square in shape
              – Referred to as waiting room
              – 30 m high ceiling with perfectly
                smooth walls (appears
                manmade)
           Inner Chamber
              – Known as ‘Serene Castle’
              – Formations appear to
                resemble a general looking
                over his troops.
              – Light reflected from moving
                water outside makes
                formations in the chamber
                seem alive
Ha Long Bay
                             Sapa
 Characteristics:
   – Originally created as a
     retreat for locals from
     Hanoi’s stifling summers
   – Located in Tonkinese Alps
     near the Chinese border
   – There are eight ethnic
     groups that inhabit this
     region:
       Hmong, Dao, White Thai,
        Giay, Tay, Muong, Hao and
        Xa Pho
       Most prominent are the Red
        Dao
                           Sapa
 Reasons to visit:
  – ‘Love Market’
      Courting Ritual every
       Saturday night
  – Beautiful Mountains
  – Waterfalls
                           Sapa
 Things to know about
  Sapa
  – Times to visit
      Spring & Fall is best
      Summers are
       muddy/rainy
      Winter can be very cold
  – Locals
      Quaint town
      Do not like to have
       pictures taken unless
       paid for it

								
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