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Published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc.. a fraternal non-profit association!
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Vol. LIII No. 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 25 cents
ХРИСТОС BOCKPEC - CHRIST IS RISEN Ж
House Speaker appoints Mica, Hertel
"The feast of all feasts
Easter greetings from the Ukrai - including His Beatitude Major
to Ukrainian famine commission
nian Catholic hierarchy in the United Archbishop Josyf. Bishops Gregory WASHINGTON House Speaker The executive branch appointments
Slates of America. Chomyshyn, Nykyta Budka. Mykola Thomas P. O'Neill Jr.. on March 28 were announced by President Ronald
C h a r n e t s k y , Ivan L a t y s h e v s k y . named two Democratic House Reagan on February 12. Named were:
Very R e v e r e n d and R e v e r e n d Father Petro Verhun. the apostolic members to the Commission on the Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, of
Fathers. Venerable Sisters. Dear visitator. and later. J o s a p h a t Ukraine Famine. the Department of Health and Human
Brothers and Sisters in Christ: Kotsylovsky and Hryhoriy Lakota; The appointees arc Reps. Dan Mica Services: Gary L. Bauer of the
"Christ is risen from the dead. He the same fate befell our hierarchy in of Florida (14th District) and Dennis Department of Education: and Howard
conquered death by his death and to Carpalho-Ukraine and Slovakia, M. Hertel of Michigan (14th District). Eugene Douglas of the Department of
those in the graves he granted life." viz.. Bishops Pavlo Goydych and Rep. Mica was named chairman of the State.
Mankind has never witnessed, nor Teodor Romzha, and tolled death's committee.
vill it ever, a day so sad and knell of the Ukrainian Catholic The appointments are in keeping with Pam Jackson of the House Speaker's
depressing as Good Friday; on this Church in the occupied territories of the Ukrainian famine bill which Office in Washington told The Weekly
unforgettable day the forces of evil hammer-and-sickle government. stipulates that the commission include that House Minority Leader Rep.
unjustly condemned, sentenced to What was the crime of our four members of the House (two Robert H. Michel of Illinois is soon
death by crucifixion and finally bishops? On good Friday the Jews Democrats and two Republicans) and expected to propose the Republican
interred the Creator of life and the accused the innocent Lamb of God two senators (one Democrat and one members of the commission. The two
Savior of the world, Jesus Christ, the before Pontius Pilate that "we caught Republican), in addition to three execu Republicans, as provided in the famine
Son of God and our Lord. When they this man misleading our people" tive branch members and six public bill, are to be named by the speaker of
sealed his grave and protected it with ( L u k e 23:2). A like perverse members selected from the Ukrainian the House in consultation with the
a guard, the enemies of Christ reasoning was employed in 1945 by community. minority leader.
convinced themselves that they had representatives of. the atheistic
liquidated the Savior and hacLwritten o c c u p y i n g forces—when they
the final chapter of his life.
But a miracle occurred. "A miracle
condemned our bishops. When
attempts to force them to deny the 300 show support for Shukhevych;
Church^their faith and allegiance to
defying description. Defying death,
Christ is risen." On the third day, the the successor of St. Peter failed, and
when our hierarchy steadfastly
10 arrested in peaceful protest
Son of God victoriously emerged
from the grave alive, glorified and no adhered to Christ and his truth, they by Bohdan Faryma deGenova declined to prosecute more
longer able to be shackled by became innocent, entombed victims. than 1.700 protesters arrested in front of
suffering and death. The glorious day "If they persecute me, they will W A S H I N G T O N - Ten Ukrainian the South Afrrtan Embassy during a
of his resurrection has become a most persecute you. t o o " is the somber students were arrested in front of the similar non-violent demonstration.
fortunate and festive time for truth Christ spoke in John 15:20. Soviet Embassy on March 29 during a "The South Africans (protesters)
humanity. For it is truly "the feast of Satan's forces employed prisons, demonstration in support of Ukrainian were there for 10 minutes. We were
all feasts, the festival of all festivals." concentration camps and every dissident Yuriy Shukhevych. The 10 are there for eight hours." Myron Wasylyk.
Our Savior restored life to those d e g r a d a t i o n i m a g i n a b l e in an to appear in court on May 1 1. director of the Ukrainian National
entombed in the graves. "Let us attempt to break the resolve of our Meanwhile, U.S. Attorney Joseph (Continued on page 16)
adore the Lord's holy resurrection." hierarchy. But t h e bishops,
for by his cross "joy filled the world" strengthened by the power of the
and in the liturgy we "praise his risen Christ, heroically endured these
resurrection because he, though dark hours. By their faith, fortitude
crucified, conquered death by his and finally their blood and death,
death." they e n h a n c e d the U k r a i n i a n
Christ's ultimate conquest of evil Catholic Church with the aureole of
is ever present in the history of the martyrdom.
kingdom of God on earth. It is The atheistic occupants closed the
constantly renewed in the life of the doors to all Ukrainian churches,
mystical body of Christ, in the life of seminaries and publishing houses.
the Church. The joyful conquest of They forbade all printing of religious
our Savior over his enemies rein literature. They branded as enemies
forces the faith and hope of those priests who remained loyal to
Ukrainians both in the free world the Church. They sealed the Church's
and especially in our native land grave and crowned their own perfidy
behind the Iron Curtain on the with the "Synod of Lviv" which
m o u r n f u l a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e history will regard as a
crucifixion and burial ol the contemptuous parody of lawful
Ukrainian Catholic Church in church government.
western Ukraine. Forty years have- Christ's resurrection assures us
long passed since April I I . 1945. that our underground Church in
w hen the atheistic occupants arrested Ukraine will rise to a new life. Our
the Ukrainian Carkoik hierarchy (Continued on page 10) fBohdan Faryma
Demonstrators call for Yuriy Shukhevych`s release from the USSR.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 No. 14
Sakharov may resign USSR academy
M O S C O W - Soviet physicist and Soviet slander." She has been seeking
human-rights activist Dr. Andrei D. permission to go abroad for treatment
Chronicle of Sakharov has reportedly told the Soviet
Academy of Sciences that he will resign
of a heart condition.
In saying that he would quit the
the Catholic Church as a member by May 10 unless
something is done about his banishment
Academy of S c i e n c e s ,
approximately 300 members are the
in Ukraine in Gorky and about his wife's health,
reported The New York Times.
elite of the Soviet scientific world. Dr.
Sakharov, 63, proposed to sever his last
Dr. Sakharov has been restricted to official link to the Soviet system.
Gorky, a city of more than I million on Dr. Sakharov. who helped develop
the Volga River, since January 1980. Soviet nuclear weapons, was made a full
apparently to stop him from issuing member of the academy in 1953. at the
Tjif following excerpixjire from Satanists. locked her in the cellar! unusually young age of 32. His message
public statements in Moscow during
Issut V(i h .; the Chronicle a/ the Maria received a warning that they was viewed by his friends as a last \
that year's Summer Olympics in the
Cathulit Church m Ukraine, an (she and her husband) would be appeal to his fellow academicians, who
underground publication whit h taken into custody within a month have maintained a public silence
His wife. Yelena Bonner, has also
made its appearance in January 19X4 and tried lor the umpteenth time. regarding his case
been restricted to the city for the last 11
hui has onl\ recenth reached the I krainians! Remember that there
months after being convicted of "anti- (Continued on page 10)
II esi Thin far, civil! issues have are men and women believers who
made theii wa\ out of Ukraine. The believe totally in out Catholic
Chronicle is published in sannvdav
tnrm by the Initiative Group for the
Church and in Ukraine: pray, pray
everyday, and eternally God will Jews told to reapply for visas
Defense ol Believers and the Church. come in the aid ol crucified Ukraine:
which was founded in IVH2 to pro the tears and blood of those WASHINGTON Do/ens of effect or had been asked to reapply.
mote the legalization o/ the Ukrai murdered, murdered in the prisons Jewish families, including several that Mr. Goodman said there was no
nian Catholic Church, which has and camps for their faith and for had been refused permission to conclusive evidence so far that exit v isas
been outlawed since 1946. Ukraine, has not been shed in vain! emigrate for years, have been told in would be granted. But he noted that in
" Information has been received recent days by the authorities in the past, Soviet authorities usually
` e I he April 17. 1984. edition of about Ukrainian political prisoner Moscow to reapply for exit visas, granted visas when they called in long
the newspaper Zakarpalska Pravda Pavlo Kampov. groundlessly reported The New York Times. time applicants.
carried an article by H. Danyluk imprisoned in a labor camp in Jerry Cioodman. executive director of The exit visas are given for travel to
tilled "Bookkeeper in a Cassock." Russia. P. Kampov is gravely ill. but the National Conference on Soviet Israel, but in previous years about half
Shortly before the article appeared, a w hen his parents sent this ailing man Jewry, said people in Moscow had told of those with such visas haveendedupin
brigade ol militiamen and KGB medicine, camp authorities his office that beginning last week. the United States.
broke into the home of a Ukrainian confiscated it. telling Kampov that Jewish families were asked to come to Mr. Goodman said 97 Jews were
Catholic priest, the R c \ . Oleksander he will die there. Pavlo Kampov is the Soviet visa office. Mr. Goodman allowed to leave the Soviet Union last
` lovt. and carried out a complete being held illegally on the territory of said the families cither had been told month and 896 were allowed to leave in
"pogrom." destroying a number ol the Russian SKSR. where they are that their visa applications were still in all of last year. The number of Jews
bonks from the priest's private preparing a fate similar to that of шввншааяяавявваамвааввввавшввнаш permitted to leave has fallen sharply
Iibiary and illegally confiscating Oleksiy Tykhy. (Mr. Tykhy. an since 1979. when it reached a peak of
nearly 400 volumes. The priest was
read the statute dealing with
imprisoned member of the Ukrainian
Helsinki Group, died of stomach
Izvestia calls for more than 50.000.
Mr. Goodman said there were many
"religious cults" and was fined 50
rubles. Ol course there was no
cancer last year following surgery.J
Eventually. Kampov^ found himself
ideological discipline (Continued on page 11)
mention ol this m the Danyluk in a ISbor camp hospital. The doctors
article, or thai the villagers were tola him that they had no medicine. BOSTON - Izvestia, the official
indignant about the actions (crimes) but if his parents sent some they Soviet government newspaper, called Romanov praises
ol the militiamen. In this way, the could begin treatment. (Yosyp) for strict ideological discipline last week
Transcarpathiao village ol Zastavne Terelia sent medicine, but no one in a reallirmalion of the principles
outlined by the new Soviet leader.
witnessed the everyday "work" of trie knows il thc\ will be given to the
militia and the KGB. which daily toil patient Mikhail Gorbachev, reported The BU D A P E S I . Hungary - Soviet
in і he sphere ol atheism But the most Christian Science Monitor. Politburo member Grigori Romanov
frightening thing is that among the Letter from Kampov ` 1 he newspaper's editorial also urged a expressed approval on March 26 of
books were some published in Rome purge ol all "alien elements." H u n g a r i a n e c o n o m i c reforms to
this is where the dog is buried fan G l o n to ,lesus Christ! Izyestia noted that the only way to Hungary's 13th Communist Party
idiomatic expression!! A prayer lot Ciood day. my dear friends I yearn expand the USSR's wealth and increase Congress and indicated that the
non-believers, a Bible lor voting, to meet you il just once in our native) its security was t h r o u g h o r d e r . , Kremlin sought similar practices,
people and others. I his is what the land belore I die. But this is no more organization, discipline and r e p o r t e d T h e C h r i s t i a n Science
regime lears! Ukrainian Catholics than a wish, a yearning. It's only management responsibility. Monitor.
supposedly have the right to pray and talk... Ciod. how many times have I The Monitor reported that Western Speaking of Soviet economic "tasks
fulfill their religious needs openly. turned to the authorities ol the diplomats have said they believe the ahead." Mr. Romanov emphasized
But il a person merely lulfills those USSR and the Ukrainian SSR newspaper's strong words echoed the economic modernization, broadening
needs at home for this he is asking them to return me to Ukraine thinking of the' new Kremlin leader, of c o m p a n i e s ' a u t o n o m y , m o r e
punished even as a captive. But all in vain... who is seen as a protege of the late Yuri participation by w o r k e r s in
" On June 15, in the village ol How many torments have I accepted Andropov. management and remuneration
Dovhe in the Transcarpathian trying to get transferred to my naTivc He was closely associated with Mr. according to performance
region. 1 ,. Yu. Yu. Starosta of the land!... I am now in a hospital 1 have Andropov's campaign to introduce Mr. Romanov's praise of Hungarian
militia attacked, in broad daylight. heart and lung ailments and over-all widespread reforms and an anti- reforms is noteworthy because Hungary
Catholic Maria Trykur. who two weakness. I wrote my sister Maria corruption drive in an attempt to has greatly decentralized its economy
months ago returned from a Soviet asking her to ask you to help get increase economic efficiency. and allowed limited private enterprise.
labor camp, grabbing her by the hair medicine But to date she has been
and dragging her like a corpse- unable to fulfill my request but. in
through the center of the village to truth, she is already a woman of
his office lor a "talk." During this retirement age. Or maybe she
"talk." Yu. Starosta screamed that
the militia would knock down her
house and. if need be. he would rape
doesn't care... Yet. I have been a
prisoner for so long that only my
father and mother still remember me.
her; "and nothing would happen to Y'osyp. do me a favor, don't send that FOUNDED 1933
me." the criminal said. Maria Trykur photograph I am blind. My left
Ukrainian weekly newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a
and her husband surrendered their eye is completely blind, and the right
non-profit association, at 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J. 07302.
passports to Communist authorities, has 10 percent vision.
(The Ukrainian Weekly - USPS 570-870)
noting at the time that they did not I don't want to die in a strange Also published by the UNA: Svoboda, a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper.
want anything to do with a regime land! One wants to believe in the
that represses Catholics. impossible, to believe that late will
Maria Trykur has already served smile on me and they will transfer me The Weekly and Svoboda: UNA:
three terms in Soviet labor camps, to a labor camp in Ukraine and there (201) 434-0237, 434-0807, 434-3036 (201) 451-2200
and her husband. My khailo Trykur. I will go to my rest... Everything
live. The Communists have taken the around me is foreign, even the air I Yearly subscription rate: J 8 , UNA members - J5.
Trykurs'children and placed them in breathe. The head of the camp told
a boarding school, where they lore me that I am here to my death Postmaster, send address changes to Editor: Roma Hadzewycz
away their crucifixes, forced them to "you will not leave here alive..." THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Associate editor: George Bohdan Zarycky
condemn their parents and. when I kiss and embrace you. May God P.O. Box 346 Assistant editor: Natalia Dmytrijuk
Jersey City. N.J. 07303
Maria's daughter"t-alled the teachers (Continued on page 13)
No. 14 ' - ^ THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7,1985 3
Jewish congress charges Ukrainians, Biaggi bill seeks monitoring
Baits block OS/ investigations of media portrayal of ethnics
NEW YORK - The World Jewish should be brought to justice, but it WASHINGTON - Rep. Mario
Congress charged on April 2 that more should not involve cooperation with Biaggi (D-N.Y.) is seeking co-sponsors ^Ktft V
than 30 "mainstream" Ukrainian and Soviet war criminals." for a bill that would establish a
Baltic emigre groups are attempting to A WJC report alleged the following: clearinghouse in the Federal
block the U.S. government's " Representatives of the Baltic and Communications Commission to
investigation of alleged Nazi Ukrainian communities have been monitor the portrayal of ethnic and
collaborators, reported the Associated lobbying for a statute of limitations on minority groups on radio and
Press. war crimes prosecutions, for the television.
The vice president of the WJC, elimination of the Office of Special The bill, HR 1607, was introduced in
Kalman Sultanik, said that the WJC's Investigations and for repeal of a 1978 the House on March 20. In a March 27
own investigation had disclosed "a law permitting the deportation of Nazi letter asking colleagues to co-sponsor
widespread campaign, fraught with war criminals. the bill. Rep. Biaggi wrote that the
a n t i - S e m i t i s m , to d e r a i l the " Members of Congress have been purpose of the clearinghouse "is to
government's pursuit of war criminals." deceived by these groups into helping provide a specific and specialized office
Eli Rosenbaum, a former Justice Nazi war criminals. (In January, Sen. within the FCC to maintain records on
Department lawyer who now serves as a Alfonse D`Amato said he had been complaints and grievances filed
consultant to the Jewish organization, duped into writing a letter of support regarding radio and television
noted that the campaign had intensified for a Long Island man facing (including cable television)
in the last six months. deportation for concealing his alleged programming which unfairly depicts
"These are not fringe groups, these role in the executions of 1,000 people in ethnic and minority groups."
are mainstream groups with hundreds a Nazi concentration camp.) According t'o the congressman, the
of thousands of members," said Elan e Newspaper advertisements and FCC received some 614 complaints, an
Steinberg, a WJC spokesman. articles have urged potential witnesses average of 1.5 a day, in fiscal year 1984
However, spokesmen for the not to cooperate with OSI investigators. about unfair depiction of racial, ethnic Rep. Mario Biaggi
Ukrainian and Lithuanian communities Israel Singer, executive director of or religious groups.
strongly denied the WJC's charges, the World Jewish Congress, told the AP At the present time, the FCC has a groups and conduct an annual
pointing out that their communities' that the emigre groups' campaign is combined complaint bureau and public conference to focus public attention on
opposition to the Justice Department's partially motivated by the "fear that the affairs office where more than 13 the issue.
Office of Special Investigations centers prosecutions .are exposing the... fact different types of complaint categories "It is my hope that this bill will help to
on the use of Soviet-supplied evidence. that Hitler's annihilation of 6 million are registered. The Biaggi measure promote a greater sensitivity on the part
I he AP quoted Mykolas Drunga, Jews was carried out not by the would set up a separate office, the of the media and the FCC relative to the
associate editor of Draugas. a Germans alone, but rather with the Ethnic and Minority Affairs coverage and depiction of ethnic and
і Lithuanian newspaper in Chicago, as extensive collaboration of Lithuanians, Clearinghouse "to both compile data minority groups," Rep. Biaggi wrote to
saying; "Our campaign is not anti- Latvians, Ukrainians. Estonians and and to work to help promote a more colleagues. "Television and radio have
Semitic. We believe Nazi war criminals other Europeans." positive portrayal of these groups by an enormous influence on day-to-day
television and-radio." according to the life in the United States and that
congressman's letter. influence should be used to promote
Baits discuss deportation issue In addition to preparing information
related to the depiction of minorities on
more positive and accurate images of
ethnic and minority groups."
WASHINGTON - The Joint Baltic three considerations: I) that the radio and television, ihe clearinghouse Rep. Biaggi went on to say that a
American National Caramittee American government" tias` mdiscrirrrF would carry out an educational broad-based coalition of ethnic groups,
(JBANC) on March II issued a nately accepted Soviet evidence to program encouraging a positive including the Ukrainian National
background paper to all the members of prosecute cases against former Baltic portrayal of minorities and ethnic Association, supports his legislation.
Congress, discussing the issue of nationals who are now American
deporting Baltic nationals to the USSR. citizens: 2) that naturalized citizens in
An urgent appeal was included in the
paper by concerned Baltic Americans
these cases do not in fact enjoy the full
scope of the Constitutional protection
Shukhevych defense actions continue
requesting congressional officials to of due process of law; 3) and that people
intercede in the cases of Baltic nationals who fled the brutal and illegal Soviet with congressional letter, lobbying
ordered deported to the Soviet Union occupation of Estonia, Latvia and
after being stripped of their U.S. Lithuania for political reasons during NEWARK. N.J. - Actions on Meanwhile, members of Americans
citizenship for allegedly concealing the World War II are now in danger of behalf of Ukrainian political, prisoner for Human Rights in Ukraine traveled
their activities during World War II. being shipped back to the USSR." Yuriy Shukhevych are continuing to to Washington on April 3 to solicit
The concerned citizens emphasized The JBANC went on to say that draw a t t e n t i o n . New Jersey support for Reps. Guarini and
that they are not opposed, in principle, deporting any individual to the Soviet Congressmen Frank Guarini (D) and Rinaldo's appeal to Mr. Gorbachev.
to the retroactive quest for moral justice Union makes the Western world's Matthew Rinaldo (R) are circulating a The AHRU group concentrated its
in the attempt to seek out and prosecute protest against Soviet injustices "Dear Colleague" letter in the House of efforts on the congressional contingent
genuine Nazi war criminals. meaningless. Representatives, urging the legislators that left on April 4 for a visit to the
The paper stated in part: "Our to sign a special message to Mikhail S. Soviet Union on the invitation of
concerns are based on the following Gorbachev, general secretary of the Volodymyr Shcherbytsky. first
Humphrey named Central Committee of the Communist
Party in the Soviet Union, urging him to
secretary of the Communist Party
of Ukraine. The recent visit by
Reagan scores release Yuriy Shukhevych from internal Mr. Shcherbytsky. who headed a Soviet
to Helsinki Commission exile and allow him to emigrate to the
delegation of Supreme Soviet members
to the United States, was cut short due
WASHINGTON - Sen. Gordon J. This action is being supported in a to the, death of Premier Konstantin
WASHINGTON - President Humphrey, (R-N.H.) was named a joint effort by the Ukrainian Students Chcrnenko.
Ronald Reagan, speaking on March 25 member of the Commission on Security Association of Michnowsky (TUSM) The congressional delegation to
before a group of businessmen and and Cooperation in Europe, commonly and Americans for Human Rights in Moscow is' headed by Speaker of the
others from Central American called the Helsinki Commission. Ukraine (AHRU) through letters, House Thomas O'Neill (D-Mass.) and
countries, accused the Nicaraguan The senator pledged to use the telegrams, phone calls and visits to includes such prominent congressmen
government of employing "Stalin's position to "help document and discuss congressional offices." as House Minority Leader Robert
tactic" in relocating thousands of the human-rights violations being This joint congressional letter states in Michel (R-Ill.). DanRostcnkowski(D-
citizens who do not support the regime. committed every day by the Soviets in part: "The imprisonment of Yuriy III.) and Silvio Conte (R-Mass.).
The president further noted that Afghanistan. We must raise the human- Shukhevych has attracted worldwide An AHRU contingent, led by Ihor
forced relocation had been used by the rights issue to help pressure the Soviets attention. Many international human- Olshaniwsky. who was elected president
Soviets in Ukraine. to withdraw their occupation force." rights groups have urged that he be at AHRU`s annual meeting on
"How many times have we seen this "The Soviets have turned the released, and President Reagan has Saturday. March 30. hand-delivered a
pattern of forced relocation repeated — agreement signed in Helsinki into a prominently highlighted Yuriy`s plight prepared appeal to the departing U.S.
in the Ukraine, in Vietnam, in cruel joke. The Soviets must withdraw on many occasions. As members of delegation in Washington asking its
Cambodia, Afghanistan, Angola. from Afghanistan. The world is Congress we want to add our voice and members to raise Soviet violations of
Ethiopia. Cuba and elsewhere?" he beginning to look in horror at the Nazi appeal for his freedom." human rights and non-compliance with
asked. tactics used by the Soviets. The It concludes: "Your intervention to the Universal Declaration of Human
President Reagan went on to say: atrocities must stop. The Helsinki free Yuriy Shukhevych and allow him Rights and the Helsinki Accords.
"And yet. because we are such a trusting Commission must refocus attention on to come to the United States for medical AHRU`s appeal stated in part: "We
people, anxious to believe others and what is occurring inside Afghanistan." attention would be greatly appreciated are especially disturbed about
believe that they share our hopes and Sen. Humphrey said. by the American people. Soviet action persecution of Ukrainians who.
our dreams, some still find it hard to The United Stales, the Soviet Union. on this matter will be viewed as an although representing only 20 percent
look reality in the eye. or to rouse Canada and 32 European countries indication of your new leadership's of the population of the Soviet Union,
themselves even when our most vital signed the agreement in 1975 in respect lor the rights of free expression constitute more than 50 percent of
interests are threatened." Helsinki. Finland. and human dignity." (Continued on page 10)
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7,-1985 No. 14
Morrison scores president's Helsinki report Statement and appeal
WASHINGTON - Rep. . Bruce activists, yet little attention is paid to
Morrison (D-Conn.), in a March 21 them in the president's report," Rep. of UNA Supreme Auditing Committee
letter to Assistant Secretary of State Morrison wrote. "While Ukrainians The Supreme Auditing Committee of the Ukrainian National Association,
Richard Bun, criticized a presidential constitute over 40 percent of all political composed of John Hewryk, Nestor Olesnycky, Anatole Doroshenko,
report to the Commission on Security prisoners in the Soviet Union, the Bohdan Hnatiuk and the Very' Rev. Stephan Bilak, on March 18 - 22
and Cooperation in Europe for failingto report fails to mention Ukrainian conduced a review of 1984 UNA operations.
""detail the plight of Ukrainians in the dissidents." Under review were UNA assets, bookkeeping, the Soyuzivka resort,
Soviet Union." organizing activity, the Ukrainian National Urban Renewal Corp., all
The letter referred to the 17th The congressman went on to score departments of the Home Office and its auxiliary divisions.
Semiannual Report by the President to the report for neglecting to mention the As a result of its review, the Supreme Auditing Committee confirms the
the CSCE. The report, which reviews fate of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, following:
compliance with the 197S Helsinki by far the largest citizens' group in the 1. The Ukrainian National Association celebrated its 90th anniversary in
Accords, is actually drafted by the State USSR set up to monitor Soviet 1984. This anniversary was noted with celebrations in the United States and
Department. The last report contained compliance with the Helsinki Canada.
virtually no mention of Ukraine in the agreement. He said that the members of 2. In Г984 UNA assets increased by 52,384,260, bringing the total assets
section dealing with the USSR. the group "have - received extremely to 552,134,655.
"As you know, the past six months harsh treatment and particularly long 3. The Ukrainian National Association enrolled 2,190 new members in
have witnessed the deaths of three terms of imprisonment for espousing 1984 for a total of 59,706,000 of insurance despite the fact that earnings for
prominent human- and national-rights principles of democracy and freedom." that period were limited. The over-all amount of members' insurance
coverage rose to 5165,120,295. The average insurance coverage for this period
was 51,657. This success is attributed above all to branch secretaries, as well as
American who spent 18 years to the new inexpensive term and ADD insurance policies introduced by the
in Soviet labor camps dies 4. The Ukrainian National Urban Renewal Corp. (UNURC) had income
of 52,422,921, an increase of 5184,451 over 1983. Rent collected from tenants
JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Victor the Stalinist purges and. after increased by 5163,854. Also, the corporation's expenditures increased slightly
Herman, an American born of interrogation and torture, was sent to a in 1984, which UNA Supreme Treasurer Ulana Diachuk details in her
Ukrainian parents, who went to the slave labor camp without a trial. He said reports.
Soviet Union in 1931 as a teenager and he had never relinquished his American 5. At the time of the audit, the internal loan from UNA members
returned to the United States in 1976 citizenship and never joined the (promissory notes) for the UNURC exceeded 54,823,350. This is evidence of
after spending 18 years in labor camps Communist Party. the members' understanding and confidence in the UNA leadership.
and in exile in Siberia, died of a heart Mr. Herman was pardoned in 1956 6. The Soyuzivka resort continues to successfully function as a Ukrainian
attack on March 25, The New. York under Nikita S. Khrushchev's review of cultural center, featuring the finest artistic talents during the summer season,
Times recently reported. He was 69 "offenses" of the Stalin era and was and it continues to be an attractive center for Ukrainian youths.
years old and lived in a Detroit suburb. finally able to return to the United 7. As regards the Svoboda Press, the Supreme Auditing Committee calls
Born in Detroit, Mr. Herman began States 20 years later. In the years since upon district and branch officers, and all UNA members to support the
his 45-year exile in the Soviet Union his pardon he earned a doctoral degree Supreme Assembly in promoting UNA publications — Svoboda, The
when he was a 16-year-old automobile in foreign languages and taught jryhe^ —Ukrainian Weekly and Veselka.
worker. His father, a Communist Party Soviet republic of Moldavia. Furthermore, the Supreme Auditing Committee confirms that:
labor organizer in the auto industry, Mr. Herman was the author of " The Ukrainian National Association, its Supreme Assembly and
was one of 300 workers who, with his "Coming Out of the ice." the story of his Executive Committee consistently work toward the goals long ago
family, went to the Soviet Union under imprisonment and exile, which was the established and codified in the UN A by-laws, as well as in accordance with the
a contract between the Ford Motor Co. basis for a CBS television film in 1982. decisions of the UNA conventions and the Supreme Assembly meetings.
and a Soviet company to build an After returning to the United States, ' The Ukrainian National Association continues to Support cultural,
automobile factory in Gorky. Mr. Herman spent the next year almost religious, educational and youth organizations, as well as central
After years in which he made a name exclusively on efforts to get his family organizations, such as the World Congress of Free Ukrainians, the Ukrainian
for himself as a star athlete and a prize- out of the Soviet Union. His two American Coordinating Council and the Ukrainian Canadian Committee.
winning stunt pilot and parachutist, the daughters, Svetiana. then 25. and ' Members of the Supreme Assembly and UNA members actively
younger Mr. Herman was caught up in Janna. 20. were finally reunited with participate in Ukrainian community life, leading and supporting actions in
their father in New York City in May defense of the human and national rights of Ukraine.
Obituary 1977. But it was another year before Mr. " The Ukrainian National Association, its Supreme Assembly and
Herman's wife. Galina. and her mother members give their full support to the Ukrainian nation in its battle and
were allowed to come to the United attempt to realize the idea of a free and independent democratic Ukraine.
Theresa Palkaninec States. The Supreme Auditing Committee calls on all UNA members to support
President Ronald Reagan's administration, which has taken up the defense of
of Coral Springs those persecuted in the USSR, and to take measures to inform the president
Bilyk to promote of the particularly horrifying persecution of Ukrainian political prisoners in
the USSR. ^
The Supreme Auditing Committee calls on UNA members to inform the
Dolot memoirs governments of the United States and Canada that accusing the entire
Ukrainian nation of Nazi collaboration during World War II is groundless
JERSEY CITY. N.J. - Andrij Bilyk and based primarily on Soviet disinformation. QA.
of Alexandria. Va.. author of the The Supreme Auditing Committee calls on the entire UNA membership
"Effective Media Relations" column in and the Ukrainian community in the United States and Canada to defend
The Weekly, has been named media Ukraine's name and honor.
coordinator of the famine book project The Supreme Auditing Committee calls on the entire UNA family to join in
for the Harvard Ukrainian Studies the general actions in defense of youth in the Ukrainian SSR - in particular,
Fund. the brave political prisoners: to mobilize U.S. and Canadian public opinion,
Mr. Bilyk`s goal is to attract the during this, the U.N.-proclaimed International Year of Youth.
attention of the national media to the In 1988, Ukrainians will mark the historic millennium of Ukrainian
book by M iron Dolot called "Execution Christianity. All UNA members should take part in the commemorative
by Hunger:The Hidden Holocaust."He events planned by the metropolitans of Ukrainian Churches to mark this
.is also trying to find Ukrainians in great event with dignity.
various cities to implement local public Only nine years separate us from the UNA's 100th anniversary. During
relations programs built around the these hundred years, many Ukrainian institutions were organized, existed for
Theresa Dorogi Palkaninec famine book and to contact a a brief time and were disbanded. The Ukrainian National Association
substantial portion of the news media in continues to exist and grow thanks to the devoted work of the sons and
CORAL SPRINGS. Fla. - Theresa any given city. daughters of UNA`ers.
Dorogi Palkaninec died on March 16 Those interested in working on this In this pre-convention year, the Supreme Auditing Committee calls on
at the age of 60. Memorial services were project in their cities may contact Mr. branch secretaries and other officers to do everything possible to increase
held March 27 in Chesnut Hill. Pa. Bilyk at P.O. Box 9653. Alexandria. Va. UNA membership.
She is survived by her husband. 22304. The Ukrainian National Association has always been a defender of the
Michael Palkaninec. of Chesnut Hill, 1" і - - - rights of its members, the Ukrainian communities in the United States and
three daughters. Natalka Harkins.
Canada, and the Ukrainian nation in Ukraine.
- Christina Liebsterahd Irka Palkaninec. Correction
and ;i `n. Victor Michael Palkaninec. A detailed report on the annual audit, including "proposals,
one brother who jives in Czecho recommendations and resolutions, will be presented in May by the chairman
In last week's (March 311 issue of 1 he of the Auditing Committee during the annual meeting of the UNA Supreme
slovakia, two sisters from Zakarpattia. Weekly, the story on page 3 headlined
l,'kraine. and a granddaughter. Assembly.
"Canadian MPs ol Ukrainian descent 1-or the Supreme Auditing Committee:
Funeral services were held March 18 honored by community" inadvertently
in Coral Springs. Contributions in Mrs. appeared without a byline. The stor\ John Hewryk. chairman Bohdan Hnatiuk, member
Palkaninec's memory may be made to was written by Mykhailo Bociurkiw. a Nestor Olesnycky, vice-chairman The Very Rev. Stephan Bilak. member
Save the Children Federation. 54 f`inadian correspondent lor The Anatole Doroshenko, secretary Jersev Citv. March 22. 1985
Wilton Road. Wesiport. Conn. 06880 Weekly. A
No. 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 5
them in some way during the war. upon by President Roosevelt at Yalta. postage stamp to commemorate the
Saving Jews Larissa Zaleska Onyshkevych Stalin asked that three or at least two millennium of Poland's baptism
Lawrenceville, N.J. Soviet republics be admitted to-the as a Christian nation. The five-
in Ukraine ^ United Nations. He confessed to cent stamp depicts a white, crowned
Roosevelt that the Ukrainians were Polish eagle on a red shield with a white
The recent discussion of Ukrainian- Ukraine and causing him trouble, and, in order to cross, the dates "966-1966," and the
words "Poland's Millennium."
appease them, he would have to get a
Jewish relations brings to mind my
experience as a small child in western United Nations U.N. membership for them. Roosevelt I have written to the president of the
United States and received word that
Ukraine. It was during the Nazi was flattered that a strong man like
Dear Editor: Sta.lin admitted a weakness, and he the postal administration would
occupation. In the city ofStryi, where we 1 was greatly perturbed to read in The "consider" a stamp commemorating
used to live, 1 happened to have agreed to the U.N. membership of the
Ukrainian Weekly (March 3) that the Ukrainian and Byelorussian republics. Ukraine's millennium. However, a
wandered off alone and was met by a UACCouncil was planning to protest unified Ukrainian effort for such a
couple of Jewish militiamen together From the very start the Soviets have
the expulsion of the Ukrainian and been using the presence of Ukrainian stamp would surely force the. U.S.
with two German soldiers. The Jewish Byelorussian Soviet socialist republics government to issue one. If they did it
militiamen identified me as Jewish. I and Byelorussian republics in the
from the United Nations. As far as I United Nations to their advantage. for the Poles, they can do it for the
protested that I was Ukrainian. The understand, the introduction in the U.S. Ukrainians.
militiamen repeated that they knew that What possible advantage for the
Congress of a bill which would include a Ukrainian cause could there be in the Such a stamp would not only pay `
I was Jewish; I was taken with them. proposal of such expulsion is now being
Along the way we were met by a continuous presence of Soviet Ukraine tribute to the religious foundations
storekeeper who knew me well. When considered by some senators and in the United Nations? The Soviet America was settled on, it would also^
the Germans questioned him, and he representatives. The proposal would Ukrainian puppets in that international honor the Christians of the world. More
identified me by name and nationality, I emphasize that the Ukrainian and body help perpetuate the notion that the importantly, it would stand as a
was let go with the comment: "You can Byelorussian Soviet republics are not Ukrainians are happy to be in union monument Ц) America's freedom as the
go. We have filled our quota of independent nations and, therefore, the with Russia and do not really want millions of Ukrainians who live under
Ukrainians for the day."Thus my name United States should reduce its independence. the atheistic tyranny of the Soviet
was not added to the list of Jews who ` financial contribution to the United The intention of the U ACC to protest Union will not be able to celebrate this
perished at the hands of the Nazis. Nations until these republics become the explusion of Soviet Ukraine from blessed event.
independent. the United Nations borders on political Petro Matias/ск
Despite this occurrence with the I believe it is a splendid idea. If such a insanity. 1 believe that we should Paterson, N.J.
Jewish militiamen, my family continued bill were passed and the U.S. support the idea of such expulsion and
to hide a Jewish girl, disguising her as a government were to bring this matter up do everything possible to bring the
Ukrainian maid. Also, when one of the for' discussion in the U.N. General debate over Ukraine'ssovereignty to the Ukrainian settlers
representatives of the Ukrainian Assembly, what a golden opportunity forum of United Nations.
committee asked for volunteers to help this would betobringtothe attention of Roman Legedza in Brazil
save Jewish children, my family was the world the violations of Ukraine's Wichita, Kansas
sovereignty by the Soviet regime. Dear Editor:
willing to take this risk and take a
Jewish girl from the ghetto intojour I refer, to the interesting article by Dr.
family. I went with my mother to the The UTN7 membership of thf
Ukrainian and Byelorussian SSRs is an
"The millennium Anthony J. Wachna on a visit with
prearranged meeting place to meet "my Brazil's Ukrainians.
sister," but her mother changed her anomaly and a farce. The USSR
delegation in the United Nations
and stamps Immigration to Brazil from Ukraine
mind, and did not want to part with her had commenced considerably before
child. We never evenlcnew the last name represents the entire union, and yet Dear Editor: 1895 when Prof. Joseph Oleskiw visited
of these people, and could notfindout if the two republics are represented 1988. the thousandth anniversary of Brazil. His visit to Brazil convinced him
they were saved in some other way. separately. It is a clear case of double re the baptism of Ukraine as a Christian of the.unsuitability of the circumstances
presentation. On the other hand, it is a nation, is rapidly approaching. The of settlement for Ukrainians which led
For my family's good deeds to total well-known fact that the delegation of Ukrainian community is planning many him to write booklets that led to the
strangers we do not expect any thanks. these two republics do not represent the events to commemorate that sacred shift of Ukrainian immigration from
But neither do we expect any people of Ukraine and Byelorussia, occasion. Our greatest efforts, however, Brazil to Canada. Oleskiw thus was
undeserved and unjust accusations of but serve only as a mouthpiece of should also be directed towards letting responsible for the large Ukrainian
Ukrainians -\ia relation to Jews. Moscow and provide additional votes the world know of our great Canadian community of today.
Especially when/every other Ukrainian for the Soviets. anniversary.
family that I know, at the risk of their The U.N. membership of Soviet On July 30, 1966, the United States J. B. Gregorovich
own lives, was hiding Jews or helping Ukraine and Byelorussia was agreed government issued a commemorative Toronto
The role of today's youths in the Ukrainian community
Text of an address by Mykhqilo Bociurkiw, past The Ukrainian Canadian Students' Union (SUSK) position in that within its ranks are found members of
president of lhe. Canadian Ukrainian Students Union, was established in 1953. It has grown into an all Ukrainian youth organizations, as well as students
delivered on March 16 at the national conference of "organization involving some 2.000 students in 18 post- who join SUSK with little or no previous organiza
the Ukrainian Canadian Committee. secondary institutions across Canada. Basically the tional experience.
aims of SUSK are: I) to be involved with the growth In my mind, the role of youth in the Ukrainian
Before proceeding. I would like to first express my and development of the Ukrainian community: 2) to community is multi-faceted. 1 think that SUSK`s scope
thanks to the organizers of this conference for the develop the leadership skills of its members: and. 3) to of activities and interests is a good indicator of the
opportunity to be here. I certainly have found very, monitor and publicize political developments in diversity of young people's abilities.
stimulating the deliberations to date, and I will do my Ukraine. But. I'm sure that many of the students here know
best to add something as well. During most of the past decade. SUSK has been all too well the intense demands that a heavy course
1 must tell you at the outset that it might have been among the most active Ukrainian community load may bring: students are forced to live almost
more prudent on my part to address you in the organizations in Canada and has become a leader schizophrenic lives as they move from one community
Ukrainian language, after all. this is a conference of among students of Ukrainian and other backgrounds. to another. During the academic year, they do not
the Ukrainian Canadian Committee. In and of itself, this is a remarkable accomplishment have a lot of time on their hands. In accordance with
But 1 could not have hoped to convey to you all of for a broad-based, volunteer organization in a diverse community norms, they continue to sing in Ukrainian
my thoughts on this topic in Ukrainian. I'm not community. Other ethnocultural communities have choirs, dance in Ukrainian dance troupes, teach
hesitant to admit to you that I find myself among the few. if any. comparable examples of youth Ukrainian school and fill the upper ranks of Ukrainian
estimated 50 to 75 percent of Ukrainian-Canadian organizations that have been as successful in youth organizations. The rest of their waking hours
youth between the ages of 15 and 24 who cannot speak managing to adapt and mobilize its members. might be spent in the library or in heated discussions
fluent Ukrainian. Although those of us who find about the community.
ourselves in this category acknowledge the importance - But. as time passes, we find that an increasing
of preserving the Ukrainian language, we do not feel ... our community is not adequately number of students begin to place a lower priority on
that this should act as a barrier to our full participation equipped to defend itself from dis extracurricular activities - such`as working in the
in the Ukrainian community. Ukrainian community. I suppose its's not surprising to
1 -have been invited here today to speak about a very torted, inaccurate and sensationa learn that students are now concentrating on
important topic: the role ol youth in the Ukrainian developing their careers.
community. To begin with, I say to you that 1 have lized news reports... Unemployment levels among Canada's youth
never felt that one should discuss this issue without remain alarmingly high at 18.7 percent, and young
being frank about it. Perhaps some of my personal SUSK`s most recent activities include: conferences people account for 40 percent of all of Canada's
opinions will spark controversy. Therefore. I might on human rights and multiculturalism. leadership unemployed. Stattstics'Canada counts as many as
add. that the views that'I express today are not skills-development workshops, demonstrations in 540.000 Canadians between the ages of 15 and 24 ;is
necessarily those of the national executive of the defense of Ukrainian political prisoners, lobbying being officially jobless.
Ukrainian Canadian Students' Union (SUSK). campaigns directed at federal and provincial govern Many students have graduated from university with
1 would. However, like to sav a word about SUSK ments, and myriad other projects. high marks and yet are unable to find meaningful and
before I uet to the matter at hand. SUSK. as an organization of students, is in a unique (Continued on page 12)
6 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 No. 14
Ukrainian Week Ї Faces and Places
by Myron B. Kuropas
Time of great joy
For Christians everywhere Easter is a time of great joy, a symbol of Ryan letter: insult to Ukrainian community
hope fulfilled, as it marks the end of man's spiritual journey from the In his letter to The Ukrainian Weekly statement that would have no doubt
Garden of Eden to the Garden of Gethsemane. ending in the criticizing Prof.. Taras Hunczak`s come as a surprise to the millions of
atonement of the cross the final'reconciliation of God and man. 'review of his book. Allan A. Ryan Jr. Ukrainians who suffered and died
As a man, Jesus embodies this journey, and as the Son of God, he does nothing to dispel my suspicions because of the Hitlerite belief that all
brings us to its glorious end. As we celebrate Holy Week, we see not regarding his motives. On the contrary. Slavs were untermenschen'. Mr. Duker
only the divine aspect of Jesus, but also His humanity. Praying to God 1 am more convinced than ever that in also condemned the Ukrainian
the Father in the Garden of Gethsemane shortly before he was Allan J. Ryan this country has a new Insurgent Army for killing what he
betrayed, Jesus suffered the agony of self-doubt, of questioning the brand of McCarthyism. His letter, defined as "pro-Allied partisans." in
purpose of His life on earth, much as we suffer to understand the moreover is an insult to Ukrainian reality. Bolshevik partisans determined
meaning of our lives and seek guidance from God. But as the Son of Americans. to return Stalinist rule to Ukraine.
Mr. Ryan claims that he never Although Mr. Duker sent his article to
God, Jesus was praying for our sins, not His own. for the redemption of intended to "generalize the guilt of every representative in Congress, only
mankind, for an end to the alienation that began long before in individual criminals - be they one commented upon it in the
another garden - the Garden of Eden. Ukrainian, Latvian, Lithuanian or Congressional Record.
The cross, then, firmly anchored in the earth and pointing toward others - to their nation as a whole." Another Ryan source is "America
heaven, symbolizes the reconciliation of God and man, the ultimate Not true. Anyone who has read Ryan's and the Survivors of the Holocaust" by
unity of the temporal with the spiritual, the exemplification of man's book knows that Ukrainians are Leonard Dinnerstein.
oneness with God. savaged in the text with quotations Unlike Mr. Duker, Mr. Dinnerstein
The miracle of the Resurrection not only confirms this describing them as "brutal." "bestial" concedes that "almost all of the non-
reconciliation, but eternalizes it, offering salvation to all who are and "bloodthirsty." Mr. Ryan wasn't Jewish East Europeans refused
willing to accept Christ's life. His teachings and His love. As nature writing about individual Ukrainians repatriation because they hated and
when he cited these pejoratives, he was feared communism and their
renews itself in the spring, magnificently illustrating the concept of writing about "the Ukrainians." governments had been taken over by the
transmutation and rebirth in the physical world, so too Easter - - t h e - Sure Mr. Ryan admits that it would Communists." Having accepted that
story of the meaning of Christ's life, death and Resurrection - should be wrong to conclude "that a majority premise, Mr. Dinnerstein then goes on to
renew our spiritual life and help us understand its meaning. Indeed, it of Ukrainian, Baltic and Volksdeutsche claim that Jewish Americans (especially
is a time of great joy. Christ is Risen. immigrants had taken part in the atro the American Jewish Committee)
cities" but he adds an ominous qualifier. lobbied hard on behalf of the Displaced
"The number who had actually taken Persons Act of 1948 only to discover
Combatting stereotypes part in the persecution of Jews, Mr.
Ryan writes, "as opposed to those who
that in its final form the DP Act
discriminated against Jews and favored
'had merely been sympathizers was Baits and Ukrainians who had
On March 20. without much fanfare. Rep. Mario Biaggi (D-N.Y.) almost certainly a small part - tormented the Jews. That came about.
introduced a bill that would create a special clearinghouse in the although no one will ever know how Mr. Dinnerstein argues, because of
Federal Communications Commission to monitor the depiction of small"(emphasis minej. Is the primary anti-Semitic sentiment among many
ethnic and minority groups on television and radio. The bill, HR 1607, purpose of that open-ended statement Americans and some influential
would provide a separate bureaucratic channel within the FCC for to convince the reader that very few congressmen.
ethnic groups to relay any grievances relating to radio or TV Ukrainians were involved in Nazi war Mr. Dinnerstcin`s documentation for
programming. The aim of the bill is primarily to combat ethnic. crimes, or is it a subtle attempt to instill this bold assertion is mixed.
religious'and racial stereotyping and misinformation, as well as to in the reader the notion that the Much solid evidence is provided from
promote a greater sensitivity on the part of the media relative to the Ukrainian community has countless American Jewish Committee (A.IC)
"closet" Nazis who might never be files to substantiate the AJC role in
coverage and depiction of ethnic and minority groups. exposed? creating the Citizen's Committee on
Clearly, it is high time for such legislation. In a "Dear Colleague" " Mr. Ryan accuses Prof. Hunczak of Displaced Persons (CCDP). а погк/
letter asking congressmen to co-sponsor his bill. Rep. Biaggi noted being "quite irresponsible" in accusing denominational group of dislinguishtu
that the FCC had received some 614 complaints in fiscal 1984 him of "a deliberate distortion of Americans who lobbied on behaffof the
concerning the portrayal of minorities and ethnics. Despite advances historical evidence." Prof. Hunc/ak. Displaced Persons Aft M r.
in civil rights, much of today's television programming is still rife with however, is right on target. 1 have Dinnerstein carefully det/ils` how the
stereotyping, particularly in the areas of race and religion. I he checked Mr. Ryan's source and the AJC provided most of the\fu tiding for
clearinghouse would, as envisioned, promote greater public awareness reference is to the ^bloodthirstiness" of the CCDP. how the AJCv^alienated
of this and related issues. the Volksdeutsche, not to Ukrainians American Zionists (who wantechk`w isli
as Mr. Ryan writes in his book. DPs to go to Palestine, not America
The legislation could also conceivably help the Ukrainian 1 have also checked some of Mr. and how the CCDP worked with the
community, which currently is facingihe loathesome prospect of being Ryan's other sources, especially those Truman White House and Congress to
branded with the broad brush of collaborating with the Germans. We he cites to support his outrageous pass the DP bill.
need only recall the way Ukrainians were depicted some years ago in allegation that "it was the deliberate Mr. Dinnerstein also provides some
the NBC miniseries "Holocaust." in which one of the characters makes policy of the United States to encourage convincing evidence regarding anti-
the outrageous statement that Ukrainians killed more Jews than the the immigration, and then to ignore the Jewish feelings among Americans in
Nazis. More recently, similar broad-based aspersions were cast against presence, of Nazi war criminals among general (mostly polls) and certain
Ukrainians on several radio and television news/interview shows. us..." None of Mr. Ryan's references in influential congressmen whose remarks
There are also instances of misinformation, some subtle, some this regard substantiate that charge, and regarding Jewish DPs could be easily
overt. For example, the TV series "The Unknown War," now on PBS, to me that is also a torm ot distortion. interpreted as anti-Semitic.
which deals with World War If on the Eastern Front, makes Mr. Ryan cites an obscure article by Mr. Dinnerstein falls short, however,
Abraham Duker titled "Admitting in his efforts to substantiate his
constant references to "Russians" fighting Nazis and the destruction of Pogromists and Excluding" Their
"Russian" cities, while most of the fighting took place on Ukrainian assertion that few Jewish DPs came to
Victims" which appeared intheOctober America because the DP legislation
territory. A recent show on religion in the Soviet Union failed to men 1, 1948, issue of The Reconstruclionist. favored Baits and Ukrainians.
tion the outlawed Ukrainian Catholic Church. According to Mr. Duker, "many, if not M r. Dihncrstein's own statistics show
As of March 21, one day after it was introduced, the bill had no co- most, of the non-Jewish DPs are former that, whereas Jews numbered
sponsors, according to a spokesman from Rep. Biaggi`s Washington German collaborationists, past killers, between 20 and 25 percent of the DPs at
office. Though that in itself is not unusual, it would nevertheless be present fascists, anti-Semites, potential any given moment, some 40 percent of
helpful if members of the Ukrainian community wrote their pogromists, and coup d' etatists" who the DPs admitted to the United States
representatives in the House asking them toco-sponsor the Biaggi bill. refused to be repatriated because they between October 30, 1948. and March
Its passage would ensure that, at the very least, Ukrainians would have feared " t o face well-deserved 22, 1949. were Jews. How can that be
a specific bureau to which grievances could be addressed. The UNA punishment at home." Aside from the construed as discrimination? Sure, the
fact that this was' the standard line of percentage of Jewish immigrants
has gone on record in support of the legislation, and we encourage America's Communists during the DP
other Ukrainian organizations and individuals to work for its dropped to 26 percent between March
debate of the late 1940s. Mr. Duker's 22. 1949. and February 17. 1950. 21
adoption. The issue of defamation and misinformation is clearly an expertise in this matter is best revealed percent between February 17 and
extremely pressing concern for our community. in his contention that Ukrainians "were December 31. 1950. and to 16 percent
placed by the Nazis in. the same between Januarv I and June 30. 1952.
categories as the racial Germans...." a (Continued on page 13)
No. 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 ; 7
Effective Media Relations Yosyp Terelia's^ Easter message:
by Andrij Bilyk
P.O. Box 9653, Alexandria, Va. 22304 "arise ... for right to live"
Below is the lex/ of the Easier energy in order to turn back the
pastoral written by Yosyp Terelia on perdition that is threatening us...
TUSM's D.C. demonstration: on the mark April 12, 1984. that appeared in issue Today the nation needs people
Give the Ukrainian Students NoAofthe Chronicle of the Catholic who could find within themselves the
TUSM understood lite opportunity, Church in Ukraine, an underground
Association of Michnowsky a near- and it was ready. In fact, in calls to the courage and the strength to cry out
perfect nine for its demonstration in journal published by the Initiative aloud about our predicament, which
media on the day of the protest, its Group Jor the Defense of Believers
front of the Soviet Embassy on Friday, members informed the press that is full of tragedy.
March 29. and the Church. Today's Russian rulers like to
TUSM's protest was similar in its non
Though 10 persons were arrested, violent nature to the protests at the separate the concepts of "Catholic"
there was no violence and no one was Today the Church of Christ is and "Ukrainian." Why do the rulers
South African Embassy - and that, celebrating the radiant Resurrection.
charged with resisting arrest, as was the therefore, the treatment of those emphasize so much the separateness
case in a recent demonstration in New A great injustice arose in its time, as of the Catholic from everything
arrested should be equal under the law. happens today as well. Jesus Christ,
York City (The Ukrainian Weekly, To ensure that it made its point. TUSM Ukrainian - from everything by
March 17). the Savior of the world, the only Son which a Catholic lives and in the
hired a spokesman - an attorney of God, was condemned at one time
In fact, the seven women and three who worked out the details of the arrest name of which he struggles? Jesus
men of TUSM (the Ukrainian acronym by human enmity to indignity and said, "Blessed are you when they will
with the police beforehand. suffering by the entire Jewish people,
of the student group's name) who gave (As it turned out. four protesters dishonor you, when they will
themselves up for arrest - i n true non and was condemned to death and persecute you. when they will falsely
arrested at the South African Embassy crucified, and took away death for us
violent civil-rights style - may have set were reported to have been processed say all kinds of evil words against
a precedent for all such future non all in order to redeem the human race you, for my sake. Rejoice and be
through the 3rd Police Precinct in 10 to from its sins...
violent arrests at the gate of the Soviet 15 minutes and did not have to post glad: for great shall be your reward in
Embassy. (The 10 were charged with bail while TUSM members had to In the affairs of God, the heaven" (Matthew 5: 11-12). For he
"congregating within 500 feet of an wait six to seven hours and had to post redemption of the human race, the who shall suffer death for the faith/
embassy.") bail. Consequently, this part of the story death on the cross, which took place will be called a martyr; to bear the
That's because the TUSM leadership is continuing. In the Tuesday, April 2, on Golgotha, was the last act which cross for the faith means that you
responsible for the demonstration - issue of the Washington Times, brought about the center of our faith bear the cross also for your own
staged to publicize the plight of TUSM's a t t o r n e y , J. Andrew and moral renewal. We are captive people.
long-time dissident Yuriy Shukhevych Chopivsky, is quoted as saying: "We Christians! As in the earliest times of At all times when one or another
— took the time to analyze how such just think it's unjust that the U.S. persecution of Christians, we are people would fall into ruin' and
arrests were being handled at the South attorney is giving favoritism to jnore^ experiencing the same decline as captivity, its leaders would
African Embassy. popular causes."") —onee-did Rome before its fall. With emphasize morality and ethical
They reasoned and asked: If The story the protesters wanted to tell pressure and physical destruction, culture. When the Poles fell into
people, including dignitaries such as was told by the press. And, The today's Communist rulers are waging captivity, they founded societies for
Jesse .1 ackson. can-be routinely arrested Washington Post, aided by a press kit a mortal struggle against Christians. moral renewal - the Philaret
at the gates of the South African developed by TUSM, did a good job. What is this about? What is the Society, the S/.ubrawcy. and in the
Embassy ` and face no prosecution -- reason for this? final years before they achieved
Thus, the lead of The Washington
then why couldn't the same thing When social life is undermined at freedom, the Ethical Society. For
Post story read: "Ten persons who were
happen at the Soviet Embassy? its foundation, when general us. such an ethical-moral society is
protesting the Soviet Union's inhumane
disintegration nears its end. when our Church. And it is. therefore, not
treatment of a Ukrainian human and
The several hours spent talking with there is no strengthening by any strange that the authorities persecute
political rights activists were arrested
demonstrators and police at the South fruitful idea, a human being has the Ukrainian Catholics with such
yesterday afternoon outside the Soviet
Mncan Embassy paid off handsomely before him no calming thought, not severity. We must remember that the
Embassy, police reported."
for TUSM - but not without some the slightest ray of hope which would strength of a people lies in its mass,
The Post story also said that TUSM
additional luck. Who could`ve free a human being from virtual not in its territory. But this mass
President Petro Shmigel. carrying a
predicted, lor example, that two days perdition — the only light ol the sun must be healthy, not de-nationali/ed
petition on behalf of Shukhevych, was
-bcfuie the TUSM demonstration, on of truth upon humanity is the idea ol and lacking its own desire lor life...
allowed to enter the embassy to
March 27. The Washington Post, in an Jesus Christ, who suffered on the I oday we are divided between
personally deliver the petition.
editorial, would question the police and cross for us. What must we do? The different nations, and each one ol
According to the Ukrainian National
the courts about the fairness of not time when our people has fallen them gives us good fortune only if it
Information Service, inside Mr.
prosecuting over 1.500 persons arrested under the blows of the Communist wishes to. Let us remember that not
Shmigel spoke about Mr. Shukhevych
at the South African Embassy, while a warriors against God is also a time ol one of the occupant nations will give
and Russification. "We sympathize
U.S. citi/en from Cambodia was being great trial. The Church's task is to us any freedom, any moral
with you." he was told. However, the
prosecuted lor exercising her civil rights give the correct orientation in the correction, for to them we are worse
Soviet representative would not accept
in Iront of the Soviet Embassy? given situation, to explain the threat than slaves. Therefore, only we musi
the petition. So. Mr. Shmigel gently
The Post editorial asked: Is there one of the moment, to teach the people ^carry through the reform only we!
inserted it between the buttons of the
justice lor "liberal" protests and another representative's shirt. At that point. Mr. how to conduct itself in this difficult The time has come to see the light
justice for per/sons espousing Shmigel was asked to leave, but the hour, how one must not lose spirit and. not sparing our strength, to
"conservative" causes? That editorial, petition remained inside the embassy. and how to develop the greatest arise for the sacred right to live.
the moment \y appeared, cast a In addition to practicing effective
precedent-setting aura around media relations in the nation's capital. New release
lichever Croup would next TUSM representatives in sorne^cities
tate at the Soviet Embassy. It
was a douh,lejedged sword, however.
\Vhatever\lhe next group was, it
invested their energies^nTTelivcring
their press kit and (discussing the Munich-based socio-political journal
Shukhevych case with the media in the MUNICH - Vidnova. a new journal must become the responsibility of those
would have tot (I) be aware of this cities where they live. Once in the edited by Jaroslaw Pelenski. was circles in the diaspora who understand
opportunity: (2'\age its demonstration capital, they called the Washington- released here recently. hat otherwise creative deliberation will
bv cop.Mng thosesvwho demonstrate based representatives of their home In a brief introduction to ihe first oe reduced to considerations of literary
daily at the So.nh AM`ican Embassy. By town papers to reinforce the fact that issue of the magazine, dated and ethnic phenomena.
the same token, violence at the Sc vas a local story as well. summer-fall 1984 us editors explain The editors go on to suggest that
Embassy would have аІІоугеїЦгіе | On the bottom line, in Washington why they believe such a publication is Ukrainians are sorely in need of a new
and the c e r t s to coplout o'` 'his vital on March 29. TLSM was a credit to the necessary. ndependent organ in which various
issue of eoual treatment. cause of a free Ukraine They note that the liquidation of м)сіо-political ideas and undirected
Ukrainian representation in the conceptual problems can be proposed;
Communist Party of Ukraine in the consequently, the magazine, Vidnova
NOT CE TO PUBLISHERS 1970s as well as the continuing
dispersion of the Ukrainian community
The first issue focuses on the 100th
in the diaspora, has checked the anniversary of the Ukrainian women's
lAND AUTHORS development of Ukrainian cultural and
movement. It includes three articles by
-one of the movement's founders,
It is The Ukrainian Weekly s policy to run news items and for reviews "At critical moments in the histories Natalia Kobrynska, a look at the
of newly published books, booklets and reprints, as well as records of enslaved or forcibly dependent niovement`s 100-year history, an
arutprtfrnirefssues of periodicals, only after receipt by the editorial nations, socio-political thought has examination of the needs of today's
-oifices of a copy of the material in Question. served as the means by which these woman and the First act of a play,
News item`, sent without a copy of the new release will not be nations preserve self-awareness and "Marta." by Dmytro Nykolyshyn.
published their identities, and helped in the To subscribe in the United States.
Sent new reposes and information (where publication may be риг– planning of their future aspirations." write to Dora Horbachevsky, 111
chasec co?'. ere to: The Editor, The Ukrainian Weekly, 30 Montgo the editors write. However, they conti Presidential Blvd.. Suite '243. Bala
mery St., Jen my City, N.J. 07302. nue, if a nation is under autocratic rule, Cynwyd. Pa. 19004 (S5 per issue. SI8
then continuing socio-political thought (Continued on page 10)
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 No. 14
MUSIC NOTES Art scene: Martyniuk's paintings
on display in'Connecticut
Can't find it - can't buy it
by Oles Ku/ys/лп are relatively inexpensive and readily
available. They make the product
How many of us have gone through visible and accessible. Since numerous
the following ordeal? studies have proven that record
An a d v e r t i s e m e n t for a new purchasers are often impulsive, take
Ukrainian record release appears in The advantage of this by not forcing your
Weekly or a n o t h e r Ukrainian customers to search for records and
periodical, or perhaps you hear about tapes.
such a release from a Iriend or relative. " Feature new releases by placing
You make your way to the local them in an area where customer traffic
Ukrainian bookstore or gift shop and is greatest. An attractive sign or poster
proceed to the area where records are with perhaps a few explanatory or, at
"displayed." (To refer to such an area as least, a t t e n t i o n - g r a b b i n g p h r a s e s
a "record department" would be far too wouldn't hurt either.
gracious.) More often than not the " Run weekly sales on slower moving
display copies are stacked in unsightly items, or, similarly, offer a discount to
cardboard boxes in no particular order, purchasers of more than one record. It
and you are forced to flip through every seems to me that the increased volume
record to find the one that you are of sales would justify a slightly lower
looking for. or any other new release profit margin on each individual item.
that might interest you. Even if you do " Display records according to
have the time and patience to per categories of interest, i.e., "classical" in
severe, the end result is. invariably, one section, " p o p " in another, "folk" in
"jacket shopping" - that is, trying to yet another, etc. It is very frustrating,
locate record jackets that you hadn't yet for example, for an enthusiast of choral
come across in similar "hunts." The music to have to wade through 50 pop
records found on inventory shelves are albums, before he finds just one
no help citherV They are usually example of what interests him.
stacked side by side with the edges " If a performing artist or group has
facing out. and even the most released more than one album, keep
enthusiastic shopper would invariably. -them together, soThartrie`cTKidrneTis"
go blind trying to read the minuscule aware of the entire catalogue at once.
print on the edges. You must resort to " Keep an inventory card behind
pulling each record out. one by one, in each set of records, with the title of the
order to identify it. record and name, address and or phone
If cassettes are your preference, you number of the distributor written or
are indeed in a hopeless situation. These printed on the card. When a record is
are usually piled in an even more sold out. it is immediately evident, and a
haphazard fashion on one bookshelf or re-order can be placed without delay. A
some other equally inappropriate customer frustrated by t h e
fixture. Without the corresponding unavailability of a particular record will
record jacket to refer to, the trouble is either go elsewhere to purchase it, or
hardly worth it. give up and forget about the record
Sometimes a salesperson will be able completely.
to assist you. But even the most ' The card cited above can serve a "Delphinium" (1984, acrylic) by Larysa Martyniuk.
knowledgeable one cannot be expected dual purpose. If it is slightly taller than
to have the entire inventory on the tip of F A R M I N G T O N . Conn. Larysa Ms. Martyniuk's work is included in
the record jacket itself, the title of the
his tongue. Thus, when a customer Martyniuk. ' a n artist residing in several permanent collections, among
record or name of the performer can be
inquires "what's new on the market?" Woodbridge. Conn., will be exhibiting them the Hunt Institute lor Botanical
written on the protruding portion
usually, the same three or four releases her recent paintings at Tribcca Gallery D o c u m e n t a t i o n . Carnegie Mellon
making it easier for the customer to see
are recommended and sold, while the in Farmington. University and the Unitersity of
exactly what's in the display rack.
other 90 percent lie idly on the dusty The large canvases executed in Connecticut Collection of Contem
" Above all, play Ukrainian music in porary Art.
shelves. In the more rare case of the acrylics depict realistic florals set
the store. Customers will often ask what
frustrated record enthusiast described against imaginary landscapes. The The artist has participated in various
music is being played and take an
above, an inquiry regarding a specific artist, concerned with sharp visual solo and group exhibitions, including
interest in the record. Often I have
record or cassette will result, most images i m p o s e d on idealized the Connecticut Painters and'Sculptors
visited a Ukrainian bookstore or gift
often, in a duplication of the "hunt" shop only to hear an American or backdrops, creates a world of mystical Annual at the Stamford Museum, the
already conducted by the shopper, this quality. Connecticut Women Artists Exhibits,
C a n a d i a n r a d i o p r o g r a m played
time by the salesperson — and often The exhibit, which opens to the the Fabcr Birren Color Award Show,
through the store's speakers. This seems
with similar results. public on Saturday, April 20. will also and the New Haven Paint and Clay
to me to be not only a poor advertising
include several works on paper. These Annual Juried Exhibits.
The end result is indeed disastrous for technique, but a contradiction in
the Ukrainian recording industry. small watercolors are utilized by the The Tribeca Gallery is located at 768
(Continued on page 11)
Records don't sell, because potential artist primarily as studies for the larger Farmington Avc.. and the exhibit will
customers are not even aware that they canvases. be on view through June 8.
are available. Retailers reduce or even In the press
discontinue their o`.ders. because the
inventory remains stagnant for years. Survey of UNWLA announces two competitions
Producers and performers (who often
must finance their own releases), are
reluctant to invest the S 10,000 or rrtore "lost" Kiev JERSEY CITY. N.J. -
Ukrainian National Women's League
The scholarships will he granted for studies at
accredited U . S . or Canadian
needed to record an LP and of A m e r i c a recently a n n o u n c e d universities. Categories should be
manufacture cassettes, because they JERSEY CITY. N.J. The deadlines and contest rules for two specified in letters of introduction.
have no guarantee of at least recouping catalogue of "The Lost Architecture of competitions. The amount of the scholarship will be
their investment, not to mention Kiev" exhibit was reviewed in the winter To qualify for the Eva Stashkiw determined by the judging committee
making even a marginal profit. And 19X4 issue of the Slavic Review, an Scholarship Fund, applicants should on an individual basis.
worst of all. Ukrainian record buyers American quarterly of Soviet and East fulfill one of three requirements: Only UNWLA members who joined
and listeners are forced to listen to the E u r o p e a n s t u d i e s , by W i l l i a m individuals should hold degrees in the organization at least one year prior
same records over and over again for Brumfield ofTulane University. journalism, languages, library sciences to submitting their entry need apply.
lack of variety and new releases. What In his review. Mr. Brumfield noted or museum sciences and must show that The deadline for applications is April
develops is a vicious circle that benefits that the hook by I itus I). Hewryk. they plan to utilize their knowledge of 30, 1985.
no one. produced to accompany an cxiuoitiuu the Ukrainian language in their The Committee for the Lesia and
Although I do not claim expertise in at The Ukrainian Museum in New professional work; applicants should Petro Kowaliw Fund, which is under
either marketing or retail, the following York, is an "excellent survey of 'lost' have university approval for work on a t h e a u s p i c e s of t h e U N W L A .
suggestions seem to be only logical and Kiev." doctorate in the various fields of announced literary contests in the
practical. "We now have not only a wealth of UKrainian studies, or in comparative following categories: fiction in the form
l o r d and cassette display racks illustrative material concerning l lie studies of literature, history, sociology, of a short-story or novel based on a
destroyed architectural landmarks but music, etc.: applicants should have a historical theme: scholarly work on a
Oles Kuzyszyn is a musician anil also a wcll-rcscarehed survey of the scholarly work accepted for historical subject (monograph).
music critic. He is a member of the tskra circumstances Ol their destruction." publication. Entries io both categories should be
hand. wrote Mr, Brumfield. In thi first am! ;cond categories. (Continued on page.11)
No. 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 9
The Ukrainian pysanka: truly a magical-object
by Yaroslava Surmach Mills only be disposed by the three style and colors. While symbols period, by setting aside the
holy elements, by being buried, were often similar, they were smoothest best-shaped eggs. It
This article originally appeared in burned by fire, or on Easter M o n combined in countless different was essential to have six eggs,
The Weekly several years ago. day by being floated on flowing patterns. each of which had to be the first
waters, to let the Blazhenni, the Rituals and prayers^ empha laid egg of a young hen. At
mythical g o o d men w h o live sized the importance of making sunrise on Monday of Holy Week,
In the past, when a Ukrainian beyond the Sunday Waters, pysanky. Preparing the dyes was these eggs were cracked against
w o m a n sat d o w n to her solemn know that Easter has come. usually done in secret. In the a budding tree and the yolks kept
task of decorating Easter eggs, Carpathian mountain region, the for as long as the decoration
Pysanky were made in all parts
she made a sign of the cross and Hutzul women began their work lasted. Before evening of the
of Ukraine, but each region and
whispered, " w i t h God's help." during the middle of the Lenten (Continued on page 16)
often each village had its o w n
Then she could proceed with
confidence. With her simple
stylus, called a kistka, she "wrote"
on the egg with melted wax,
dividing the ovoid shape into
several areas. With a succession
of dye baths and the addition of
ancient symbols drawn with the
wax, the egg took on its powerful
magical qualities and became a
revered object, a pysanka.
To insure its benevolence, the
decorator dared not stray from
the proscribed time, method,
colors or symbols in making a
pysanka. To do so would be to
weaken the pysanka's power to
ward off evil.
Even by itself the unadorned
egg was a magical object. It was
the source of life, a symbol of
fertility. It was all the more
powerful when representing t b e -
sun-god floating in the universe,
whose return each spring was a
celebrated event. The agrarian
people of Ukraine worshipped the
sun-god Dazhboh, (literally " g o d -
who-gives") and the spring
equinox ("when the earth was
reborn") was the most important
festival of the year.
With the advent of Christianity
in Ukraine, in 988 A.D., eggs
continued to play a Central role in і
the yearly celebration of Christ's
resurrection. Many symbols of
the old sun worship survived, and
appeared on the eggs in manifold
variations. Discs with radiating
straight lines, curved lines of
hooks are easily recognizable.
But more subtle forms appear as
well: the swastika, triquetrum and
eight-pointed star also symbolize
the life-group sun.
A cock's crow announces the
daily return of the sun, and thus it
too is represented along with the
solar symbols, though in a highly
stylized form such as the cock's
comb. Other birds are also
associated with the sun. The
m u c h - r e s p e c t e d s w a l l o w is
depicted by its outstanding
feature, its tail. The horse,
representing the mythical team oi,
eight which pulls the sun's chariot
across the sky is also important.
The meander, or the endless line
(Bezkonechnyk), encircling the
egg signifies eternity. Such
designs were f o u n d on ceramic
eggs on the pottery unearthed in
the burial mounds of the Neolithic
Period (5000-2500 B.C.). Traces
of egg shells were also found.
In Ukraine two types of Easter Over 300 pysanky, on loan from The Ukrainian This is the first year the women have sponsored an
eggs were mostly widely known. Museum in New YorkCity, are currently on displayatthe exhibit of pysanky. It has, according to branch
The term pysanka (plural: Port of history Museum here in Philadelphia. Sponsored members, been very successful, attracting thousands of
pysanky) comes from the verb by Branch 67 of the Ukrainian National Women's League curious museum-goers. Pysanka-making demonstra
pysaty, to write, since designs are of America, the exhibit also includes an array of tions at the museum have also been very popular. The
written on the egg and dyed in a "rushnyky," Ukrainian ritual cloths. exhibit at the Port of History Museum, located in Penn's
batik process. Pysanky are never In connection with the exhibit, which runs from March Landing, near Philadelphia's historic Society Hill, has
cooked or eaten The krashanka, 15 through April 20, the women's branch is selling been featured in Philadelphia's newspapers, on local
from kraska, meaning color, is a pysanky posters designed by Zenon Feszczak (pictured radio shows and on "Good Morning America.''
hard-cooked egg dyed a solid above), with all proceeds going to The Ukrainian
brilliant color which can be eaten Museum. The branch, a loyal benefactor of the museum, The poster may be purchased for S4 at the Port of
and is used in Easter games has, for the past four years, sent out Easter greetings History Museum, Ukrainian stores in Philadelphia, as
among children. The shells can soliciting donations for the museum. well as from Rranch 67 members.
10 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 No. 14
Pathologist scores use of paper gowns, drapes in surge
EDUCATIONAL JERSEY CITY. N..I. - Dr. Муго– have no malice against the big compa afterwards Bronx administrators asked
LOANS slaw Dragan. a pathologist who prac nies." Dr. Dragan said oT the critics him to leave.'.
tices in Stamford. Conn., is waging a who have said he has scores to even. Dr. Herbert Rose, Bronx VA as
A fraternal service campaign against the use of paper "The discussion of costs does not sociate chief of staff for research, said
drapes and gowns in operating rooms interest me: there is no cost that can be that Dr. Dragan`s research proposal
attached to human life."
to UNA members where they can be potentially fatal, the
Gannett News Service recently reported. His first study of foreign-body re
was turned down because it was flawed.
But at least one other study has
Dr. Dragan told Gannett reporter action to disposable drapes, conducted corroborated some of Dr. Dragan`s
Eljen Hale that his research shows that during an 18-month period in a 300-bed findings. In May. a group of five
The loan will bear a. modest at least 500 patients die each year and New York hospital, was published May Oregon surgeons reported finding 24
interest rate of З”/о a year only f 5.000 to 10.000 need new operations 25, 1979. in the Journal of the American cases of wood-fibre-caused reactions
on loans made. Interest will because of complications caused by Medical Association. and one death.
accumulate during the period disposable surgical drapes and gowns. But the article was cut from its In 1974, Clementine Havenor, the
of schooling and be paid during He also said his research has been original four pages to one after ad wife of one of Dr. Dragan`s colleagues.
repayment period. suppressed and attempts have been vertisers complained to the medical Dr. Engle Havenor of New York,
made to discredit it. but he remains journal. Dr. Dragan said. He added that underwent surgery for colon cancer.
convinced that wood fibres used in the magazine editors said they would print She had two more operations after that,
fabrics "shed" into open wounds more the full article only if he would put up not because of her cancer but to remove
than cotton fabrics do and cause a more than 5100,000 in escrow to cover thick tangles of tissue that mysteriously
"foreign-body reaction" — an intense the cost of lost advertising. enveloped her intestines. і
and quick response to something alien Ms. Hale noted that the Journal's
in the body. officials, who said makers of disposable It took specialists in Chicago to
The reporter noted that paper drapes drapes don't often advertise in their determine that the dense adhesions were
and surgical gowns are big business: journal, denied the charge. caused by a microscopic bit of lint from
SI60 million last year alone. And the Two years ago. Dr. Dragan tried to the paper drapes used in the operating
names in the industry are formidable: conduct a survey of lint-caused in room. That bit of lint set off a reaction
Johnson ft Johnson. Proctor and fection at the Bronx Veterans Ad that led to two further major operations
Gamble. Kimberly-Clarke. duPont and ministration Hospital in New York. His in a woman already weakened by a
the C. H. Dexter Corp. preliminary review of slides revealed at serious disease. In 1976, Mrs. Havenor
"1 am not a corporation hater and I least 40 cases and two deaths. Soon died.
Pittsburgh Festival Shukhevych... those whose lives exemplify the struggle
for human rights and human dignity."
Children up to 4V4 years of (Continued from page 3) Spokesmen for AHRU and TUSM
age who enroll for 515,000 of
insurance will be guaranteed a
chaiinMULjfilectecL -Soviet political prisoners. Not only are
they given the maximum sentences
have called upon the Ukrainian
American community members to
(5,000 educational loan. Should PITTSBURGH - Lee Grimm has under the Soviet Criminal Code but in contact their congressmen and urge
they enroll for S25.000 of in been elected chairman of the Pittsburgh ' many cases, after having served their them to sign the joint letter to Mr.
surance, they will be guaran Ukrainian Festival to be held at the sentences, are rearrested on trumped-up Gorbachev on behalf of Ukraine's
teed a loan of 57,500. University of Pittsburgh campus on charges to serve new terms of "eternal prisoner," Mr Shukhevych.
Juvenile members age 5 to September 28-29. incarceration." The deadline for signatures is April 17,
10 enrolled for 515,000 of new Also elected to the committee were The message also asked the when the letter is due to be sent.
insurance will be guaranteed a Nickolas C. Kotow and Steve Kapeluck. congressmen to raise the case of Mr.
54,000 Educational Loan. If vice-chairmen: Yaroslav Hodowanec.
enrolled for 525,000 of protec treasurer: and Irene Grimm, secretary.
Shukhevych. who has spent 33 years in
imprisonment and internal exile, and to "The feast..."
tion, they will be guaranteed a The festival will include cultural ask Soviet officials for his release on the (Continued from page 1)
loan of 56,000. displays, workshops, mini-perform grounds ot Article 100 of the RSFSR Church today is entombed in
ances, food, a concert and dance, with Code of Criminal Procedure: The catacombs, but it will resurrect anew
The protection herein re
proceeds going to the Ukrainian Na Illinois Branch of AHRU has been because Christ promised life to those
ferred to must be under UNA P-
tionality Room being planned at the actively involved in this action by in the tombs.
University of Pittsburgh. Dr. George urging its congressmen. Reps. Rosten- On this sad anniversary ol our
A formal notice that loan is
Kyshakevych serves as the chairman of kowski and M ichel. to act forcefully on Church's burial, we lift our hands
guaranteed, will be sent with
the nationality room committee. behalf of Mr. Shukhevych while in the upward to heaven in the psalmist's
Certificate of Protection when
it is issued.
The Rt. Rev. Andrew Beck and Msg"r. USSR. A telegram and telephone cam prayerful petition. "Let God arise
Michael Poloway serve as honorary co- paign was organized by the Illinois and scatter his enemies: let those who
Certificate must remain in
chairmen ot the festival committee. activists and a similar action was hate him run away in defeat"(Psalm
good standing with all
assessments and dues paid undertaken by the Yuriy Shukhevych 82:2). Let us beseech Christ, who
Committee and AHRU branch in Cali vanquished death and Satan, to
until Edu-cational Loan is
granted a n d throughout Munich-based... fornia. come to our assistance and remove
repayment period. (Continued from page 7) In a statement from its chairman. the cumbersome rock blocking the
Certificate must be assigned annually); in Canada - DmytroFedyk, Paul G. Kirk Jr., the Democratic entrance to the grave of our Mother
to UN A during the period of the 22 Allanhurst Drive. Apt. 102. National Committee also joined this Church. May he hasten the day when
loan and its repayment. Either Islington. Ontario M9A 4J6 (S6 per action by declaring: "We are proud to the bells ol Easter will joyfully ring
parents or guardian must issue. S22 annually); in Germany - express our concern and our out and announce once again that
guarantee repayment of loan if Roxane Sajuk. Vidnova Verlag GmbH, indignation over the treatment of those truth prevails and our dear brothers
juvenile is,under age 21 when Leopoldstrasse 85/1, 8000 Munchen 40, like Yuriy Shukhevych in Ukraine and and sisters in Ukraine will bask in the
loan is granted. (12 Dm per issue. 42 Dm annually); and around the world. And, we join in resurrection ot freedom.
Educational Loans will be in France - Irene Popowycz. 3, Villadu expressing oursinceresoiidarity with all "I his is our wish ior our dearly,
made over a four-year period Bel Air. 93800 Epinay s/Seine (25 F per beloved in our far, distant native
only for tuition to the college or issue, 85 F annually). land. And for you, our dear brethren
institution of higher learn-ing. Sakharov... in this great iand ol freedom, we praj
Repayment of loan begins (Continued from page 2) that )our faith will increase, that
three months following gra In 1975, Dr. Sakharov was awarded your hope be strengthened and,
duation of applicant and must the Nobel Peace Prize for his human- rekindled by love, we rriaj embrace
be fully repaid over a maximum rights activities. One year later, his wife one another and recognize our
of 20 equal quarterly install became a co-founder of the Moscow brother in one extended Christian
ments. Helsinki Group, which was established family:
Should period of education to monitor Soviet compliance with the We wish you a pleasant holv day,
for which loan was secured be 1975 Helsinki Accords on human rights Christ is risen! Our Church shall also
reduced or terminated the re and security in Europe. rise! Given this 25th day of March,
payment period will begin im Last May Dr. Sakharov began a 1985. the Feast of the Annunciation
mediately. hunger strike to support his wife's of the Mother of God.
efforts to go abroad for medical
treatment. He was eventually taken to a Stephen
For information contact hospital where, according to relatives in | Metropolitan-Archbishop ot
the United States, he quit his hunger Philadelphia
the U N A m a i n office:
strike after six or seven weeks of forced Basil
feeding. He returned to his Gorky Bishop of Stamford
3 0 Montgomery St. apartment in September. Innocent
Jersey City, N.J. 0 7 3 0 2 In November, he was visited briefly Bishop of St. Nicholas in Chicago
by junior colleagues from the academy. Robert
A similar visit occurred several weeks Bishop ol St. Josaphai in Parma
ago. The Times said.
No. 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985
priest's fifth Notes on people
curtain of overtone waves, "came to him
- Becomes president out of the blue." noted the reporter.
of computer firm Mr. Melnyk was living in Paris in the
early 1970s and was accompanying a
troupe of contemporary dancers as the
ALLENTOWN. Pa. Jerome
members did their exercises. The music
Kindrachuk of Allenlown has acquired
he was playing, neither rhythmic nor
a management interest in Computrol
terribly melodic, became the. basis for
Engineering Inc.. the Alleniown-bascd
his own unique style of performance.
computer engineering firm which owns
"It was just the right combination of
the franchise rights to Computerland
circumstances." said Mr. Melnyk. Since
stores in Allentown. Reading and
those days he has found the music he
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Mr. Kindrachuk will
composes and plays to be spiritually
become president of the firm.
releasing while containing a kind of
Previously Mr. Kindrachuk was healing quality. Kristina Katreczko
manager of the tax department for "1 do not play to entertain." said Mr.
Ernst A Whinney's local office, serving Melnyk while discussing the effects of will go on to compete for the National
clients in manufacturing, construction, continuous music on the body. "I want Miss T.E.E.N title-Zn Albuquerque.
publishing, health care, banking and people to experience this music." N.M. in November. Contestants must
data management. Ernst A Whinney is be 13 to 18 years of age. maintain a В or
Although Mr. Melnyk makes his better average in school and should
one of the "big eight"accounting firms.
home in Paris, Stockholm and participate in the Volunteer Service
Instrumental in introducing micro Winnipeg, the wandering lifestyle has
computers into the Ernst A Whinney or more to do with being unable to afford Program of Miss T.E.E.N.. a program
ganization. Mr. Kindrachuk is an accommodation in one place. The which involves teens across the nation
expert in management and information pianist ends up living with friends. in community or civic work.
systems and authored in-house com Miss Katreczko is the daughter of
"My own salary amounts to Mr. and Mrs. Jurij Katreczko. attends
puter training manuals as well as
something like 52,000 a year," he told Ukrainian school in New Haven.Conn.,
computer programs. He has also been
the reporter. "That's not enough money and is a member of the Eternal Echo
associated with the Internal Revenue
to live. People should know that. bandura ensemble, the Holy Trinity
People should know what an artist has Ukrainian Orthodox Church choir in
Mr. Kindrachuk graduated with to do to survive."
honors from Bentley College, holds an Bridgeport. Conn., and Plast. She is
Despite financial unhappiness. Mr. also a member of UNA Branch 59.
M.B.A. from Suffolk University, and-is a Melnyk said that he remains committed
certified public accountants He—is- to "creating the most beautiful music I
treasurer of the Pennsylvania Institute can create."
The Rev. Taras Chubenko of CPA as well as of the Don Ritter for UNWLA... і
Congress re-election committee. He is (Continued from page 8)
CARTERET. N.J.- The Rev.Taras past president of the Allentown Lions Netter makes team at least 100 typewritten pages,
Chubenko. pastor of St. Demetrius Club and vice-president of the Estate submitted in triplicate and may be in
Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral, Planning Council, and serves on the JERSEY CITY. N.J. - Daria either Ukrainian or English.
celebrated the fifth anniversary of his board of trustees of the Baum School Klachko. the starting center forward on Short stories or novels published in
ordination on February 10 and was and Community Systems Itjc, the New Providence High School
1985 may be entered, as well as
honored a month later at a luncheon basketball team, was recently named to
scholarly works published in 1986.
given by his parishioners on March 10. the all Union County girl's first team
as a starting center. Earlier, she was The deadlines lor submissions are
selected Girl Athlete of the Week by the December 31. 1985, for fiction and
The Rev. Chubenko was born December 31, 1986. for the scholarly
December 5. 1946. in Ellwangen. West Star-Ledger, a New Jersey-based daily
Germany, and emigrated to the United For more information write lo:
Stales in 1951. eventually settling with Miss Klachko. 17. a 5'l ("senior, has
been averaging 20 points and 11 Ukrainian National Women's League
his parents in Allenlown. Pa. He
graduated from the Allentown rebounds per game lor her team and has of America. 108 Second Ave., New
Cornmunit) College and Technical a shooting rage of 15 to 17 feet. She is a York. N.Y. 10003. Submissions should
Institute, worked some time lor the resident of Murray Hill. N.J be sent to the same address.
Western Electric Co. and served in A member of the National Honor
Korea after joining the army. Society. Miss Klachko plans HI major in Can't find it.
pre-dcniistrv in the fall and continue (Continued from page 8)
After his discharge, the Rev. playing basketball. She is the daughter
Chubenko received degrees in purpose. Even non-Ukrainian shopper`
of Wolodymyr and Luba Klachko. and expect and appreciate an "ethnic
marketing and psychology from Pcnn is a member of UNA Branch 27 in
State University which led him to a ambience" when visiting an ethnic gill
Newark. N.J. store. Of course. Ihis requires additional
career in business.
In 197x he entered the Si. Sophia effort on the part of the retailer. But
Ukrainian Orthodox Seminary in doesn't the mark-up ol anywhere
South Bound Brook. N.J.. was between 50 and 100 percent per record
ordained to the deaconatc one year later justify this effort'' And wouldn't the
and into the priesthood in 1980 by increase in sales volume benefit the
Metropolitan Mstyslav. Later that year performing artist, producer distribu`
Jerome Kindrachuk tor,retailer and shopper alike? I think it
he was made pastor of the St. Demetrius
Cathedral and in November 1982 he Mr. Kindrachuk is a U.S. Army would. But most importantly, it would
was awarded a gold pectoral cross and veteran and was decorated for service in allow the Ukrainian record industry to
elevated to the rank of proto-pricst. Vietnam. expand and improve in quality, serving
He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. as a worthy exponent of our rich,
During -the five years of his Michael Kindrachuk of Glen Spey. cultural heritage for all the world tosec.
appointment to St. Demetrius N.Y.
Cathedral, he oversaw the renovation of
the cathedral and church center. Jews told.
Besides serving his parishioners, the (Continued from page 2)
Rev. Chubenko is the chaplain of the Pianist profiled factors to encourage speculation about
Carteret Fire Department, a member of WINNIPEG - Lubomyr Melnyk. a an easing of Soviet emigration policy.
the Mayor's Advisory Council, the . pianist and composer whose work In the past, he said, such moves have
Carteret Ministerial Association, and critics have described as "irridescent" come when the Kremlin sought better
Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 2314. and as having "spiritual intensity," was relations with Washington.
He works with the Boy Scouts and local recently profiled in the Winnipeg Free Daria Klachko In addition to the expectations of a
parent-teacher organizations. He is also Press by reporter Doug Whiteway. meeting between President Ronald
a member of the Danny Traschler
Memorial Fund, the New Jersey-'
The internationally known musician,
who graduated with a degree in
Pageant participant Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, the
Soviet leader, a trade delegation headed
Pennsylvania Bee Keepers Association philosophj from Oueen's Unjversit) in HUNTINGTON. Conn. - Kristina by Commerce Secretary Malcolm
and the Airplane Owners and Pilots Kingston. Ont.. plays a self- Claudia Katreczko. 17. has been se Baldridge is to begin talks in Moscow in
Association. developed technique he reicrs to as lected to compete in the 1985 Con May. The T imes said.
The Rev. Chubenko is marrie'd to "continuous music." I his method, the necticut T.E.E.N. pageant which will be The United Stales has made it clear
Mary Ann Knappcnberger. a registered playing of arpeggios extremely fast.and held in Hartford. Conn., on August 2-4 that any easing ol trade restrictions
nurse. They have four sons. Taras. Eric. continuously with the sustain pedal at the Parkview Hilton Hotel. would depend in part on the emigration
Gregory and Peter. which provides "an cvei-changing The winner of the state, competition question.
12 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 ^ No. 14
inviting young people to contribute ideas and opinions doing things. We have the people, the experience, the
The role of today's.. when preparing briefs and pos lion papery today, we competence and the specialized skills to put the
(Continued from page S) have students enrolled in many specialized areas of Ukrainian community back into the forefront of
stable work. Many ol'them begin to feel frustrated and study: law, communications, journalism, political lobbying groups in Canada.
ripped-off. Bleak employment prospects translate to science, linguistics, etc.). The material benefits that wouldflowfrom utilizing
little opportunity after several years invested in univer The numerical growth of the Ukrainian community our best talent are simply too important and valuable
sity and the humiliation of over-staying one's welcome depends on welcoming Canadian-born Ukrainians to ignore.
at home. who are consciously and continually seaching for their At this point, 1 would like to bring my presentation
1 believe that you. the professionals and leaders of roots. Can we afford to turn away young Ukrainians to a close. But before concluding. 1 would like to make
our community, are in a position to introduce who speak little Ukrainian or speak it poorly; who do a proposal to you for establishing an influential and
remedial measures in order to mitigate the severe not fully understand why Ukraine should be free, let sophisticated lobbying mechanism in the Ukrainian
problems caused by youth unemployed and high alone want to fight for it; who have not graduated community.
tuition fees incurred by our students. , from the traditional Ukrainian youth organizations As many of you know, we are currently facing a
For example. I don't see why our numerous credit such as SUM or Plast; who do not approve of the grave crisis concerning the reported collaboration of
unions refuse to establish scholarship funds for archaic framework of the community or those who Ukrainians with the Nazis during World War II.
Ukrainian students entering university. It now costs have not achieved social, political orfinancialsuccess. Looking back at the events which have transpired over
well over SI.000 annually for a student to enroll in an For example, let us consider for a moment the the past few weeks, it has become abundantly clear to
undergraduate arts program. This does not include consequences of appointing a Canadian-born us that our community is not adequately equipped to
living expenses and the cost of books. The total bill for executive director for the UCC. Moreover, let's take a defend itself from distorted, inaccurate and
a student attending a university away from home may closer look at Dr. Manoly Lupul`s proposal of making sensationalized news reports disseminated by the
be between S2.000 and S3.000. perhaps more. A at least 80 percent of the UCC Executive Canadian- Canadian media.
scholarship could provide many \oung Ukrainian born. I think that commitment, enthusiasm and Of course, we are fortunate to be able to rely on such
Canadians with the opportunity ю go to university. experience should be prerequisites for membership on people as Victor Malarek of the Globe and Mail for
We know that our students are capable ol academic the UCC executive and not one's loyalty to one to the setting the record straight. But we can't expect Mr.
excellence, and we should not allow skyrocketing cost- "big six" organizations in the UCC. Malarek to compromise his journalistic integrity nor
of-living or tuition fees stand in their way. Today, ladies and gentlemen, I have addressed you can we rely on one person to defend a 600,000-member
But we can't stop there. I'd like to see the on what 1 believe to be a serious topic: our community. community.
professionals in our community provide Ukrainian I believe that to come through out present crisis with What we desperately need to deal with such
students with career-enhancing work.experience. As some hope of preserving the things that are of greatest occurences is a national Ukrainian information and
many of you know, a university degree is no longer a importance to both young and old, our community lobbying office located in the nation's capital. This
passport to the- working world. Students need leaders must do some clearer thinking-than they have office would be mandated to respond to false and
experience to meet today's requirements of employers. done in the past. I am convinced that within the UCC damaging reports in the media and it would house a
Your support may be delivered by cooperating with there is a lot of wishful thinking and much misleading staff of professional lobbyists and researchers who
federal and provincial governments through wage- illusion. could lobby government officials on pressing issues in
subsidized employment programs. In this way, our One of the biggest illusions is that we can preserve the Ukrainian community. It would have a paid staff
\outh may better acquire the practical experience and the unity of our community by centralizing power and executive director and it would have to be
marketable skills necessary to respond to unstable among the "big six" organizations in the UCC. located in close proximity to Parliament Hill and the
labor market conditions and demand. 1 find this configuration extremely dubious. Unity National Press Building.
Youth unemployment is far too high,' and in our community has to be based on some sense of A Ukrainian community information and lobbying
combating it. therefore, should be made a priority in common purpose, other than consolidating power for office in Ottawa would be valuable not only because of
our community. Youth cannot succeed alone. You, the political purposes or striving for a fatter bank account. the possibility of establishing regular contact with
members of our community, have a responsibility. There has to be a desire by all of us to live and work federal government officials, but also because it could
You must attempt to break down the barriers facing together with mutual respect in order to achieve things prepare for visits by foreign heads of state to Ottawa.
\oung people and convince your colleagues-in the that our community values. The nation's capital is a meeting place for provincial,
business community to make their fields more Indeed, Ukrainian youth — and especially students national and international delegations. For example,
accessible to young people. in SUSK — have been among the most persistent, and this spring it will play host to delegates from around
In addressing the topic of the role of youth in the at times the most outspoken, critics of the policies of the world attending the Experts Meeting on Human
Ukrainian community, I must acknowledge the the UCC. If young people were given a role in Rights. Furthermore, we must take into account that
important contribution which I think SUSK has made developing community priorities, they might help us the international wire services have offices in Ottawa
over the past decade and a half. make these priorities more workable and would feel and most Canadian television and radio stations have
With us today are members of the Ukrainian inclined to support them. reporters based there.
Canadian Committee, the Ukrainian Community To date, 1 think that many of the problems in the Finally, we do have qualified people in our com
Development Committee and the Ukrainian UCC - problems which have only served to alienate munity to staff the Ottawa office. It's just a matter
Canadian Professional and Business Federation. I youth - may have been avoidable. of mustering the funds and determination to make this
often wonder whether these organizations realize the For example, a young colleague of mine, who bold project a reality. 1 have been sold on this idea for
\aluable contribution which SUSK hasjnade towards recently reviewed many of the programming and briefs quite some time now and today I am prepared to pro
their growth and survival. As I mentioned, one of prepared by the UCC, concluded that many problems pose a prime location in Ottawa for the establishment
SUSK's responsibilities is to develop the leadership in the UCC have arisen for the most basic reason: the of this office. We've talked and talked about
skills of its members so that they may someday assume left hand doesn't know what the right hand is doing.. establishing an office in Ottawa at countless UCC
leadership positions in the Ukrainian community. One classic example of the UCC's ineptitude conferences and congresses and now is the time to act.
And today, former SUSK activists are visible on the occurred earlier this year, when the UCC submitted a We can no longer afford to continue to debate the
executives of our central organizations: as in the UCC. brief on multilingual broadcasting to the Canadian merits of this idea while the reputation of our
the UCDC and the UCPBF. Radio-Television and Telecommunications community is being eroded by those hostile to our
A few SUSK alumni who immediately come to Commission. deepest convictions. How many more articles about
mind are: Andrij Semotiuk, Roman Serbynn. Myron As someone who is familiar with regulatory bodies Ukrainians collaborating with the Nazis will it take
Spolsky, Andrij Makuch. Bohdan Krawchenko. and the Canadian broadcasting system 1 found that before we move to set up a body which would publicly
Halya Kuchmij and Marijka Hurko. These people the UCC brief was poorly written and extremely defend our interests? Or when are we going to be able
have contributed a great deal to our community, while ambiguous. The arguments contained in the brief were to lobby against government legislation which
at the same time distinguishing themselves in the not based on current trends in the broadcasting indus discriminates against Ukrainian and other
mainstream of Canadian society: in law. business, the try. Furthermore, the brief did not take into account ethnocultural groups?
media and in the academic world. I would speculate the demands imposed by the Canadian Broadcasting In conclusion. 1 want you to know that 1 do not wish
that many of them credit SUSK with providing them Act nor the legal limitations currently in place. Put to leave Winnipeg labelled as a harbinger of bad news.
with the confidence and skills to succeed in the simply, the brief should never have been submitted in Rather. I would like to leave you with an inspiring
professional arena. the form that it was. passage from an article which appeared in the most
International Youth Year constitutes an ideal There is no excuse for such an embarrassing and recent edition of Student newspaper. Titled "Don't
opportunity for adopting a new approach to young potentially damaging incident. We have the Blame Youth for the Decline of the Ukrainian
people. And. each of you in this room has a responsibi experience and availability of resources in our Hromada." the article was written by l.ida Hvo/da
lity to listen to young people, to take note of their community to more forcefully influence the decision- who is an MAstudent in psychology in Syracuse, N.Y.
aspirations and to encourage them to participate fully making process in Ottawa and the provincial capitals The last paragraph of the article. I found, provides us
in all aspects of our community and Canadian society. of this country. And according to informed sources, with a glimmer of hope for the future:
For example, during last night's plenary session, the the UCC's submission to the CRTC was not an "Since historically Ukrainian people survived
UCC representative from St. Catharines. Ontario, isolated incident. On countless occasions, the UCC Mongol invasions. Russian-made famines and
underscored the importance of initiating special has spoken on behalf of the Ukrainian community to German genocides, then. I feel, such a will to survive is
projects to commemorate International Youth Year. government and has wrccklcssly forfeited any oppor proof that despite some setbacks, our identity, lan
Some of the initiatives you may wish to consider, tunity to gain concessions from them. I would think guage and heritage will live on. including in the
include: a) inviting young people to speak at that when the UCC drafts a brief, speaks to a Minister "hromadas" for generations to come. The question is.
community conferences and seminars (this panel is a of the Crown or responds to questions from the media, what use of our "Ukrainianism" the Ukrainian youth
good example and I congratulate the UCC for inviting that it will call upon the most talented and articulate will be able to make in assisting the Ukrainian nation
us to this conference): b) involving young people in all people in our community to complete the task. in its struggle for independence, consolidation, many-
areas of decision-making in the UCC and UCDC: c) We desperately need to adopt a professional way of sided growth and development."
THE UNA: MORE THAN AN INSURANCE COMPANY. I
No. 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 13
tended to serve a definite purpose." As
And if sometimes e\erythingdid not Ryan letter... anyone familiar with that period knows,
Chronicle... go according to God's will, we (Continued from page 6) the strongest charges regarding the
"Nazism" of all DPs came from the
(Continued from page 2) (nevertheless) aspired to love, to but why is that necessarily an indication
help and protect you. God's, salvation. The,result of our of discrimination? An equally plausible Soviets.
Yours. past relations is the Ukrainian explanation is that Israel became a What I believe we have in the Duker-
Pavlo Kampov Catholic Church in Vienna, St. nation-state in 1948 and more Jewish Dinnerstein-Ryan sequence is a
June i t ; 1984 Barbara's. Today, Ukrainians arc DPs decided to go there after that date. progression built upon half-truths that
like orphans scattered around the Mr. Dinnerstein argues that the runs something like the following.
world beyond Moscow's reach. This original DP legislation discriminated While reviewing documents
nation (Ukraine), which has thethird against Jews because the eligibility cut presented at the Nuremberg war trials.
Letter to Austrian Catholic largest population in Europe, is off date for DP status was December 22, Mr. Duker discovers convincing
Committee bloodied and plundered, reduced in 1945, a date when /nany Jews had still evidence that some Ukrainians were
culture and development, ridiculed not made it to the DP camps. The fact of involved in the killing of Jews during
Mr. Chairman: and crippled; but there is a God who the matter is that the date discriminated Hitler's occupation of Ukraine. Mr.
Peace and God's blessing on you sees all, and there is a hard-working against Baits and Ukrainians as well. It Duker also discovers the activities of the
and the Austrian nation! and sincere people that believes in the is interesting that when subsequent Ukrainian underground (Ukrainian
In connection with events that future and, with hope in its heart, in legislation moved the eligibility date to Insurgent Army- UPA)and, in keeping
- unfolded around the tragic question the Lord God, Jesus Christ. April 21,1947, the number of Ukrainian with Soviet views, concludes that its
as to the matter of the Ukrainian The Moscow government has put and Baltic DPs admitted to the United activities were anti-Allied. Being a Jew
Catholic Church. I want to express out a new circular about the total States increased while the number of of a certain persuasion (for such Jews
my thanks to you personally and to annihilation of the Ukrainian Jews decreased. "Ukrainian" is synonymous with
Austrian Catholics for your Catholic Church. We are beyond the Mr. Dinnerstein`s argument that the "pogromist"), Mr. Duker accepts the
solidarity and Christian love for the law. The government and the militia preference given to "agriculturists" in Soviet allegation that Ukrainians who
enslaved Ukrainian nation and our can do all they want with Ukrainian the original legislation discriminated refused to return to Ukraine after the
blood-soaked Church. Catholics. Hence, on June 15, in the against Jews (because they were urban war ended were war criminals.
Both the righteous and sinners are village of Dovhe in the Transcar- dwellers) and favored Ukrainians Outraged by the number of Ukrainian
indebted to God. From the former. pathian region, militiaman Yu. (because they were farmers) is also DPs seeking admission to the United
God expects piousness and good Starosta, in broad daylight, attacked faulty. First of all, most Ukrainian DPs States, Mr. Duker pens a scathing
deeds, and from sinners, repentence. Ukrainian Catholic Maria Trykur in were not farmers but urban dwellers like article condemning the DP Act for
And we, Christians, continueiy pray the center of town and dragged her to the Jews. Secondly, it is a fact that when providing a haven for "Nazis." At the
and through good deeds ask God to headquarters by the hair. O, blind and the agricultural preference was removed time he first expressed them, Mr.
forgive our tormentors and to soften dumb people! There was no hero to by subsequent legislation, the number Duker's views received little serious
their petrified hearts... God's will, protect -the woman Catholic... They of Jews admitted to the United States attention.
forever! Jesus said, go among the know that anyone who raises a voice actually decreased. Some 30 years later Mr. Dinnerstein
wolves of the world, which means of protest will not escape As for the argument that DPs from begins his research on Jewish
that not only must we pray, but also punishment. E a s t e r n E u r o p e were Nazi involvement with the Displaced
take an active part in life and strive to collaborators, Mr. Dinnerstein Persons Act. Analyzing data that
One (Ukrainian Catholic) Church suggested Jews were discriminated
the limits of our strength to create activist, who was imprisoned in a j)redicateshis entictjase on a series of
good and sow the seeds of love random statements made by various against, Mr. Dinnerstein discovers Mr.
labor camp"in Vynriytsia, was for two Duker and others who alleged that most
among the evil of this crippled months led out into the cold, doused people who represented a very small
world... percentage of those who were familiar Ukrainian and Baltic DPs were "Nazis"
with water and kept outside in the and concludes that DP legislation was
The Ukrainian Catholic Church is snow and rain so that he would with the DP situation. Included in this
number are. of course, such people as specifically designed by anti-Semitic
living through a terrible time of recant and voluntarily remove a cru congressmen to keep Jews out and to
persecution and repression. A day cifix from his neck: but when they Mr. Duker (whose blanket indictment
of non-Jewish DPs was described as bring anti-Semitic Ukrainians and
.does not go by durijigi which a saw, that their efforts were ip vain Baits in.
Catholic is not arrested, beaten or they sentenced him and locked him "dangerous generalization" by William
Haber, the Jewish advisor to the U.S. Enter Mr. Ryan. Anxious to vindi
fined because we pray in our own up in Mordovian labor camps. He cate his increasingly questionable
language and believe in our blessed wrote about this in an open letter to Army in Europe), Dr. R. Gogolinski-
Elston. London director of the National management of the OSI. Mr. Ryan dis
Holy Father in the Vatican. Our the head of the KGB, Yuri covers Mr. Dinnerstein and decides to
nation has for over 60 years suffered Andropov. (The writer is almost Catholic Welfare Conference (NCWC).
who argued that "all" Ukrainian DPs. write a book. Picking up where Mr.
unheard of abuses of the faith of our certainly referring to Yosyp Terelia, Dinnerstein left off. Mr Ryan alleges
forefathers at the hands of the who wrote such a letter to Mr. had been Nazis, and DP Commissioner
Harry N. Rosenfield who, while he that the U.S. government not only let
Communist rulers in Moscow. We Andropov in 1976.J known Nazi DPs in. it also did every
are compelled by the atheist We constantly hear; "Take and couldn't quite accept Mr. Gogolinski-
Elsion`s assessment of "all" Ukrainians thing in its power to protect them. To
Communists to believe in those gods crucify Him!" But the day of hype his book. Mr. Ryan further alleges
in which they themselves do not resurrection will come and we believe being Nazis, laughingly told Mr.
Dinnerstein that "maybe only 90 that some "10.000 Nazis" are living in
believe: we are forced under the that this day is not far off. the United States despite the fact that as
threat of a death sentence into With respect and love, your percent were." At no point in his book
does Mr. Dinnerstein adequately deal late as 1981 he argued that there were no
Russian Orthodox churches and are. brother and servant greets you and a more than "some 480." (See The Jewish
in practice, not allowed to even drag free Austria. with the fact that every DP had to
undergo a series of very careful security Veteran, January-bebruarv-March
out a miserable existence. And that is Vasyl Kobryn 1985.)
why tears of happiness and a scintilla Lviv. June 7. "l9`84 checks and that on January 20, 1950. a
special subcommittee of the House Sloppy research predicated upon
of human joy bathe our hearts when shaky analysis based upon inflammatory
we hear that there is a nation - (Mr. Kobryn is the head of the Judiciary Committee concluded that all
allegations regarding fraudulent exaggeration does not a case make. 1
sincere and Catholic that endures underground Initiative Group in repeat, Mr. Ryan's behavior is
our pain as its own. Once we were Defense of Believers and the statements or forged documents by DPs
"can be safely classified either as rumors reminiscent of McCarlhyism. and his
together, forming one united state. Church. I letter toThe Ukrainian Weekly is an in
or deliberate misrepresentations in
sult to all Ukrainian Americans.
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14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 No. 14
The Secretariat of the Central Jubilee cfj)
Committee of the Millennium of /WftfoA
Christianity in Ukraine ЧГШЧГ
Needs and Wants You! va j | ,^–ET^
988-1988 U i
Our Celebration is so enormous. . .the plans require your involvement
We appeal to all Ukrainian Catholic Organizations the world over for
the love of our Faith. We appeal to every diocese — Bishops, Religious,
and lay people; every Ukrainian - Parish Organization, Men's Clubs,
Ladies' Leagues, Sisterhood, Youth, Young Adults; every Ukrainian
Professional and Business Club.
WE NEED YOUR SUPPORT NOW. WE INVITE YOU TO IN MARCH OF 1985 A PERSONAL MILLENNIUM CERTIFICATE
BECOME A SUPPORTING MEMBER OF THE CENTRAL AND BLESSING, SUITABLE FOR FRAMING, WILL BE SENT TO
JUBILEE COMMITTEE. The fee is S25.00 for each of the vears ALL MILLENNIUM MEMBERS.
1985, 1986. 1987 and 1988. This fee of S25.00 can be paid on
a yearly basis or in one sum of SI00.00. і
IT'S A TIME OF SPIRITUAL RENEWAL and the Millennium
A Gold Membership Card will be -issued to all dedicated Secretariat has prepared a body of inspirational literature to
members, sanctioned with the Blessings of His Grace, Most come into the homes of our faithful to prepare the way for the
Rev. Maxim Hermaniuk, Millennium Chairman, and bearing spiritual celebration of our millennium.
the signatures of:
Bishop Michael Hrynchyshyn, C.Ss.R. IT'S OUR HERITAGE. Won't you help? Three hundred people
Millennium Secretary General have become supporting members of the Central Jubilee
Rev. Thaddeus Krawchuk, C.Ss.R. Committee, we all of us ask you to join us in the celebration of
Assistant Secretary General our spiritual heritage. A millennium comes one in a thousand
Millennium Executive years. One in ten generations has the opportunity to par
ticipate in a millennium. Please, take advantage of this oppor
tunity. - `
A TRUE STORY - 988 A.D.
Long ago and far away a great prince decreed that his people
would be baptized in the river that ran through their beautiful
country. . .and a great people became a Christian nation. A fairy
tale? No. This is the true story of.how the Ukrainian nation became THE MILLENNIUM INSPIRATIONAL READING PACKAGE
Christian in 988 A.D. St. Vladimir the Great, grandson of the holy Memories of a Mother (on the early life of Metropolitan Andrew
Saint Olga, baptized his people in the Dneiper River. Sheptytsky)
1988 - TODAY WE ARE PREPARING to celebrate 1000 years On the Millennium Crossroads
of Ukrainian Christianity, Ukrainians everywhere in the free The Pilgrim Icon
world, in their parishes, clubs, organizations, and all people Our Christian Heritage - first and second editions
of goodwill-are preparing themselves and their communities Christian Marriage 8c Family Life
to honour our Millennium of Christianity. Renewal Through the Eucharist
The Need for Penance and Reconciliation
Faith, Hope and Love - These Three
THE CENTRAL JUBILEE COMMITTEE OF THE MILLENNIUM Prayer - Servant of God Andrew Sheptytsky, OSBM
SECRETARIAT asks your support in preserving and The Holy Father's Message to the Ukrainian Community on the
celebrating our great Ukrainian heritage. occasion of His Visit to Canada, September, 1984
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NOTE: Official Receipts for income tax purposes will be issued. R2V IV7 . -
No. 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985
Young UNA'ers TREASURE OF THE
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FIRESIDE TAX C O N S U L T I N G
Twin sisters Christina Ann and Lisa Marie Remick. 22 909 Union Street. Brooklyn. N.Y. 11215
months old in the photo above, are the youngest members of Little William Deoniz Kus/nir and his older brother, I)awyd (718) 622-1560
UNA Branch 238 in Boston. Their parents are Robert and Andrij, are the newest members of UNA Branch 83 in
Joyce Remick. and their grandparents are Michael and Anne Philadelphia. The two are sons of Wasyl and Virginia REAL ESTATE
Remick. Anne Remick is the financial secretary of Branch Kus/nir, and the grandsons of Andrij and Fawrosia Kus/nir.
238, and she and her husband enrolled the two little blondes who enrolled them in the UNA. Grandpa Andrij L the s
into the UNA. secretary of Branch 83. HOUSE FOR SALE. GLEN SPEY. N.Y.
All brick. 4 yrs young 3 bed.. 2 bath ranch,
attached 1 bed. apartment Full above
ground semi finished basement with 3rd
children ages kitchen and 4th bath. Walk to St. Vladimir
Call (201) 773-8986
OPEN TO SERVICE YOUR
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Akron, і 'In... 44313
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S6 50I1OOI. Cannaians S7 80 ! PORT CHARLOTTE, FL 33952
John David Pinkston recently became a HELP WANTED RELOCATE YOUR FAMILY HERE
Danny Gough, 1, is the both the newest member of UNA Branch 53 in Vety clean, attractive ;hree bedroom two bath
and youngest member of UNA Branch і Pittsburgh thanks to his grandparents, custom built home neai Jr High School 44 foot
119 in Campbell, Ohio, where Marilyn the Rev. and Mrs. Stephen Krysalka. MEDICAL SECRETARY screened poly-pebbte tana, with room for a pool
wanted for position in major Ntw York Medical lake a look, make an otlei P0RM3I0
J. Cough is the secretary-treasurer. He His parents are David and Surelle
Center Command of Ukrainian language de
is seen with his older brother, Matthew, Pinkston. sired. Typing, transcription experience neccessary
6. word processing helpful. Salary commensurate with Building Sites - 80 x 125 on paveo streets
experience. Contact Ms. Bishay at
' 212-6947870 52.300 and up: some with terms PL-3
Read The Weekly
SECOND PRINTING BY POPULAR D E M A N D .
LEARN TO READ. WRITE A N D SPEAK U K R A I N I A N . GET.
Aslic A UKRAINIAN GRAMMAR for BEGINNERS,
plan for a By Martha Wichorek
rainy day. A 338 оце (8'/j x 11) introduction to the Ukrainian language, full ot instruction and information,
geared especially to those who know little or no Ukrainian, in easy-to-understand English. Cost. Я0.ОО
The only truly beginners Grammar published so far
If it is not available in your local Ukrainian store, send SI 1.50 (Canadian - Я2.00 in American
S ome people manage
to go through life without ever
having a rainy day. But most people run
into a storm now and then.
Funds) (price includes postage and packing envelope) to:
Martha Wichorek. 13814 Vaswr Dr.. Detroit. Mich. 4 8 2 3 5
So it pays to plan for a storm and
then hope it never happens.
The Payroll Savings Plan is one
sure, safe, easy way to force yourself to
start saving. And savings are a must to
keep any financial plan from going on
Тік; little you set aside each payday
for I '.S. Savings Bonds will grow. And
help to keep you covered come rain or
Photographs, prints and sculptures.
And if you're luck) enough to
miss the ruin, ii might help you April 6 t o 14,1985
Stephen William Lewitzke is shown plant a few shade Jp ^
with his proud mom, Natalie (nee ТакеДЦ– Ukrainian Artists Association Gallery
Kovch). He recently joined UNA . stockV^ 136 2nd Ave. New York City, 4 th floor
Branch 183 in Detroit thanks to his тДтегіса. G a l l e r y h o u r s ; Sat. t- Sun. v.oo-S:oo. T u e s . - F n . b.oo S:oo
mother and father, СГЯІЕ.
16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1985 No. 14
Ukrainian pysanka... d e a t h of oraEasteri l for the Dead,
ch d. During
PREVIEW OF EVENTS
(Continued from page 9) which takes place a week after
same day, at least two kistky were Easter, pysanky and special April 7, 13, 14 885-2360, ext. 69. Also on Saturday,
made. These were the wax- foods were left at grave sites so after a cocktail party beginning at
writing instruments which that the living could share them NEW YORK: The Ukrainian 7:30 p.m., the Prometheus Male
consisted of a tiny tube or funnel with their ancestors. Institute of America. 2 E. 79th St.. Choir will perform. Cost: SI0 per
made of thin metal attached Since the women took great will hold Easter egg-decorating person; cash bar. The public is
(some used a piece of straw or a care to keep to the proper demonstrations, live arid on film cordially invited. For tickets call the
feather) to a small stick. A char authentic designs their mothers Sundays at 1 -6 p.m. and Saturday at number above. On Sunday, ap
coal-filled clay pot banked with had taught them, and thus assure 10 a.m. - 6 p.m. Admission: alumni brunch will follow services in
ashes was used to heat a small victory over evil, many of the old voluntarv donation. For more Manor's chapel in the Academic
container of beeswax and several pysanky designs have survived. informat'ion call (212) 288-8660. Building.
kistky. Dyes were made ready. To From the simple two- or three-
begin her design, after the proper color linear designs of the April 20 May 4 - 26
prayer and blessing, the woman northern region, Pidliashshia, to
test-dipped the flow of wax on her the very intricate, multi-colored TOMS RIVER, N.J.: The DETROIT: The U k r a i n i a n
t h u m b and then proceeded to ones of the Hutsul mountaineers, Ukrainian-American Club of Ocean Bandurist Chorus under the
" w r i t e " the basic lines on her egg. from the green and red County will hold a Spring direction of Wolodymyr Kolesnyk
When lines and areas planned to "Shistrozh," six hollyhocks sun- Anniversary Dance at the Knights of will give concerts in 16 cities in
be white were detailed, the egg image of Poltava in eastern Columbus hall. Whittier and western Canada and the United
was lowered into the first and Ukraine, to the floral abstract free Tennyson avenues. A buffet will be States. The tour is dedicated to
lightest dye. When removed and patterned design of mid-western served, and music will be provided by Hryhory Kytasty who died a year
dried, more wax was applied Sokal, to the fascinating "Sorok the Amour band beginning at 8 p.m. ago. Tickets- are available in
when the design called for the Klyntsiv," 40 or 48 triangles The public is cordially invited. Ukrainian bookstores and credit
preservation of that color, and the arranged in an ail-over pattern Donation: SI5. For tickets and more unions.
egg was placed in a darker dye. found in many regions, each information, please call Ann Lichko
These steps were repeated until pysanka was directly inspired by at (201) 240-0354. PREVIEW OF EVENTS, a listing
the final color was attained, after the design of some long-for of Ukrainian community events open
which the wax was melted off and gotten ancestor. to the public, is a service provided
the pysanka was finished. -Jn- relatively recent times, many" April 1 9 - 2 1 " free of charge by The Weekly to the
After c h u r c h one was given to changes have crept into this once Ukrainian community. To have an
the village priest, and the others sacred ritual. By making the JENK1NTOWN, Pa.: Manor event listed in this column, please
exchanged among relatives and kistky fireproof, they can be Junior College. Fox Chase Road and send information (type of event,
friends. A girl of marriageable age heated over a candle and dipped Forrest Avenue, will hold a Spring date, time, place, admission, spon
would give one to a boy she into solidified beeswax. In some Fling/ Alumni Homecoming sor, etc.), along with the phone
favored, letting him know that she cases the candle has been Weekend. On Friday at 7:30 p.m. number of a person who may be
would welcome matchmakers. supplanted by electricity and an there will be a president's reception reached during daytime hours for
Pysanky were kept in the home to electric kistka has come into use. for alumni in the Basileiad Library. additional information, to: PRE
protect it from elements and turn Chemical dyes of unlimited hues On Saturday at 9 a.m. - 4 p.m. there VIEW OF EVENTS, The Ukrainian
away serious illness. It was have replaced the more subtle will be а Пса market. To reserve a S10 Weekly, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey
believed that they could make a natural dyes, often with space call Непе Newborn at (215) City, N J. 07302.-
childless woman fertile; they discordant and garrish results.
could also return a lost love. They But the biggest change has come
and around the world."
were buried in the fields to insure
a good harvest, and placed in
about with the introduction of
non-traditional and inappropriate 300 show. Referring to former President John
F. Kennedy, he said: "Twenty-five years
mangers and under nests to designs. Realistic flowers, (Continued from page 1)
ago, a young, brilliant leader of the
increase the fertility of animals objects and scenes have Information Service, said in reference to
Democratic Party declared that we will
and fowl, and put under the changed the character of the the time the arrested students were held pay any price, bear any burden, meet
beehive for a good supply of pysanka. The more agreeable by police. any hardship, support any friends
honey. designs and patterns adapted The seven women and three men were oppose any foe in order to assure the
If an adult died during the from Ukrainian embroideries are taken to the Second District Police survival and success of liberty."
Easter period, a pysanka was recent innovations. Perhaps this station, where protesters arrested at the
placed in his grave. This was done change is inevitable, but is it still a South African Embassy also were being March to embassy
throughout the year upon the pysanka? processed.
The d e m o n s t r a t o r s , carrying
300 demonstrators placards saying "Help Free Yuriy
Shukhevych" and "Free Ukraine." then
VOA to air About 300 Ukrainian Americans had
gathered in Lafayette Park opposite the
marched to the Soviet Embassy. There
they sang patriotic songs and shouted
A UNA Easter service White House demanding that Mr.
Shukhevych. who has spent 33 years in
slogans such as "Free Shukhevych -
Free Ukraine" and "Unchain Ukraine."
LOS ANGELES This year's Soviet labor camps and in internal exile, while Peter Shmigci. national president
insurance policy Easter services at St. Andrew's be allowed to emigrate with his family of TL'SM. went into the embassy to
Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Los to the United States. ' deliver a letter demanding that Mr.
is an investment Angeles will be broadcast by the Voice "While some inroads have been made Shukhevych be allowed to emigrate
of America via satellite to l;kraine. toward increasing public awareness with his family to the United States.
in the Ukrainian Services will begin at 6 a.m. on
Sunday. April 14. and will be broadcast
concerning fShukhevych`sJ case, the
fact, remains that thel, continues to
Nine other students were standing in
front of the gates to the embassy and
the same day at 7 - 8 a.m. The church's languish and suffer behind the bars of
community pastor is the Very Rev. Stephen НаІІіск– Soviet prisons and concentration camps
peacefully demonstrating. They were
joined by Mr. Shmigel and shortly
Holutiak. and the choir director is completely blind and in extremely poor afterwards arrested for unlawfully
Hryhory Hallick-Holutiak physical health" said Mychajlo congregating within 500 feet of an
Halatyn. spokesman of the Ukrainian embassy.
Student Association of Michnowskv
(I'USM), the organization that
? Ш AVAILABLE
sponsored the protest.
l.inas Kojelis. associate director of UYL-NA reunion
SAGA OF UKRAINE the Office of Public Liaison at the White
House, represented President Ronald slated for September
AN OUTLINE HISTORY Reagan at the demonstration. "1 come
Vol 1 - The Age of Royalty here this afternoon," he said, "not only CLEVELAND - The Ukrainian
Vol 2 - The Age of Heroism to offer you the president's best wishes, Youth League of North America will
(in English! but 1 come to offer much more - his hold its Reunion II here at the
full support and the support of those of Cleveland Hilton South Hotel during
us who have the honor of being part of the weekend of September 6-8.
his administration." The program for the reunion will
Paul G. Kirk Jr.. chairman of the include a welcome party, a session of the
National Democratic Party, in a Ukrainian Heritage Foundation of
statement read by Ulana Jurkiw to the North America, and a banquet and ball.
demonstrators, iaid. "We are proud to The Reunion II committee is chaired
express our concern and our by Gene Wolosyhyn: Helen Shipka is
indignation over the treatment of those vice chairperson. Ben Lemischuk.
like ї uny Shukhevych in the Ukraine treasurer. Estelle Woloshyn. secretary.