D I G E S T
Volume XXIII, No.1
Master Planning 3
Who’s Who 43
U.S. ARMY INSTALLATION MANAGEMENT COMMAND
Tyrone Williams (left) and Will Spence (right), master planners from U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers’ Savannah District, locate electrical tie-in points while developing plans for the new
trigeneration plant at U.S. Army Garrison Natick, Mass. Photo by George Jumara. Page 26
D I G E S T Master Planning _________________________________________________________________________________
3 Planning for sustainable future by embracing master planning, by Maj. Gen. Jeffrey J. Dorko
Volume XXI, No.5, 4 Master planning keeps pace with change, by John B. Nerger
Volume XXIII, No.1
January/February 2011 5 What about the master planner?, by Allan Carroll
6 Creating roadmaps to energy-effective installations, by Jerry Zekert and Mark L. Gillem
8 New direction for master planning, by Kathryn J. Haught
10 Great streets, by Mark L. Gillem
11 Understanding planning fundamentals: It’s about patterns, by Jerry Zekert
12 Embracing planning in the research environment, by Mark L. Gillem
13 Area development plans: Tools for synchronizing infrastructure, by Jerry Zekert
U.S. Army Installation
11711 IH35 North Construction ______________________________________________________________________________________
San Antonio, TX 78233 14 Work classification: Spotting potential pitfalls in construction, by Mike Dean
16 Keep safety in mind when planning lean, green, sustainable projects, by Charles Colbert
17 Quality assurance inspectors, contractors: Fostering relationships, by Matthew Hoffman
Public Works Digest is an unofficial 18 Schedule management: key to Army construction management, by T. (Jerry) Shih
publication of the U.S. Army Installation 19 Fort Bliss energy savings project nearly complete, by Debra Valine
Management Command, under AR 360-
20 Heat is on at arctic air base, by JoAnne Castagna
1, The Army Public Affairs Program.
Method of reproduction: photo-offset; 22 At Fort Leonard Wood, Prime Power School completed, by Amy Phillips and Diana McCoy
press run: 1,600; estimated readership: 23 Schofield Barracks prepares for major cantonment addition, by Robert Musgrove
40,000. Editorial views and opinions
expressed are not necessarily those of
the Department of the Army. Mention Successes __________________________________________________________________________________________
of specific vendors does not constitute 24 At Joint Base Lewis-McChord, going for gold, by Andrea Takash
endorsement by the Department of the 26 At Natick, master planners energize net-zero future, by Benjamin M. Skinner
Army or any element thereof. 27 At Military Ocean Terminal, Concord, applying subsurface utility engineering techniques,
by Mike Haskell and Thomas X. Sobolewski
Address mail to:
29 Fort Hunter Liggett plans for a revived installation, by Cyndi Skinner and Mark Gillem
U.S. Army Installation Management
Command 30 Hawaii’s privatization initiatives come full circle, by Ann M. Choo Wharton
11711 North IH35, Suite 110 31 At Fort Hood, Corps rehabilitates joint-use runway, by Ron Harris
San Antonio, TX 78233-5498
Attn: Editor, Public Works Digest
Telephone: 202-761-0022 DSN 763 32 Using PEX piping in renovation projects, by Louis B. Bartels and Nadia Abou-El-Seoud
FAX: 202-761-4169 33 Potential effects of climate change at Army installations, by Matthew Hiett, Robert Lozar
e-mail: and James Westervelt
34 Inside the barracks requirements black box, by Zeli R. King
35 Technology opportunities for installations, by Phil R. Columbus and Kelly M. Dilks
Chief, Public Works Division 36 Detailed planning leads to success in postwide open building automation systems, by David
Installation Management Command Schwenk and Joseph Bush
37 Microchips to offer easy field testing for perchlorate, other pollutants, by Don Cropek and
Mary Beth Thompson
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Professional Development ____________________________________________________________________
38 Career development – Embracing sustainability and planning for integrated, comprehensive
installation decision-making, by Lt. Gen Robert L. Van Antwerp
39 Importance of professional planning credentials, by Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn
Printed on recycled paper.
40 Master planning classes go worldwide in 2010, by Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn
41 Master Planning Institute announces classes for 2011, by Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn
42 April in Boston: Army Planning Symposium, by Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn
42 Directorate of Public Works class changes, by Gustavo (Gus) De Jesus
Who’s Who _______________________________________________________________________________________
43 Kathryn Haught: Champion for master planning, by Jerry Zekert
43 Krajewski, Almquist retire, by Mary Beth Thompson
2 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Planning for sustainable future by embracing master planning
by Maj. Gen. Jeffrey J. Dorko
s we start the second decade of Acronyms and Abbreviations
the 21st century, our installations UFC Unified Facilities Code
are facing tremendous challenges. USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
We need energy-effective solutions
Army installations. These tenets are the
that will sustain our installations for
foundation for successful planning no
future generations. From the Energy
matter what location. In addition, the
Independence and Security Act of 2007 to
Office of the Secretary of Defense is
Executive Order 13514, Federal Leadership
working on updating the Master Planning
in Sustainable Energy and Economic
Unified Facility Code. This UFC will
Performance, recent policies have directed us
embrace many of the practices that
to integrate energy-effective considerations
the Army is adopting into a tri-service
in the planning and development of our Maj. Gen. Jeffrey J. Dorko
installations. Photo by F.T. Eyre
We are all grateful to Deputy Under
This challenge is tough for our
planning, the garrison commander must Secretary of Defense for Installations and
installations. While we need to embrace
guide the process with a long-term, the Environment Dr. Dorothy Robyn for
the tenets of sustainable development,
comprehensive vision for development that her leadership in this realm. The UFC is
we are faced with the challenge of
fully engages all installation stakeholders. projected to be completed by August.
meeting immediate, rapidly changing
mission requirements. Our programming Garrison commanders have accepted
community has zeroed in on helping us this challenge and are leading the
revitalization of their planning efforts. Successful planning requires skills in
meet the short-range program with an planning, comprehensive problem solving
aggressive investment strategy that results Particularly good examples are found at
Fort Lewis, Wash., Fort Hunter Liggett, and a collaborative environment. The
in a focus on DD 1391 development process is synergistic, creates solutions
and, ultimately, design and construction. Calif., Fort Hood, Texas, Fort Sill, Okla.,
Natick Army Laboratories, Mass., and that meet mission requirements and
However, the rapid pace has not allowed us incorporates our planning tenets.
to look beyond the programming horizon the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Cold
to assess the impact of these actions on Regions Research and Engineering Our planning team has championed
preserving and sustaining the long-term Laboratory in Hanover, N.H., where an award-winning professional education
military capabilities of our installations. garrison commanders have been effective in program that has vastly improved the
championing master planning, leading the awareness and understanding of planning.
Patterns of sprawl and auto-dependent The program is the only one in the
process and ensuring that their installations
solutions can quickly consume our limited federal sector accredited by the American
are developed in sustainable and energy-
land. We need to use a new method of Planning Association. Further, our garrison
effective ways that meet immediate mission
planning and development of installations commanders, as part of the Garrison
requirements, create great communities and
— a recipe that employs the tenets of Pre-Command Course, receive valuable
preserve long-term military capabilities.
sustainable master planning that can training on master planning.
provide a framework for installation Standards
development. Through installation outreach and
A planning process works when the formal classroom training, we have
Putting long-term sustainable planning process leads to holistic solutions. I am created a broad suite of options to increase
into practice can be a challenge. However, very excited by the work of our Office of planning competency. (Editor’s note: See
there can be a recipe for success that the Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation article about available training on page
includes the following key ingredients: Management, Installation Management 41.) I encourage investment in these
leadership, standards, competency and Command and USACE planning team. training opportunities by you and your
culture. They are now finalizing the regulation that organizations.
will govern installation master planning.
One of the key components of the
One of the major responsibilities of the The toughest challenge for us in
update is the establishment of 10 planning
garrison commander is to champion the employing the tenets of great planning
tenets that will guide all planning on
master planning process. To champion is changing our building culture. We ➤
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 3
Master planning keeps pace with change
by John B. Nerger
aster planning is alive and System to define facility deficits and
well across the Installation excesses.
Management community. As As commanders’ advisors, master
the process garrison commanders use planners make recommendations on which
to influence the future direction of real excess facilities should be repurposed to
property on their installations, master satisfy facility deficits. In concert with our
planning ensures that force structure installation energy managers, our master
changes support both the needs of current planners are able to identify our oldest
and new organizations. infrastructure as candidates for major
Master planning techniques are renovation and modernization projects
shifting from the former comprehensive targeted at reducing energy consumption.
plans to the phased development of area John B. Nerger The future development plan, developed
development plans where focus can be U.S. Army photo
as an element of the real property master
applied to areas undergoing the greatest plan, is the method by which garrison
systems to meet net-zero goals. Master
change. Form-based coding is another commanders synchronize the funding
planning also ensures that sustainable
change that gives our garrisons a tool to for nonappropriated fund; Sustainment,
design and development policy changes are
ensure new facilities conform to the form Restoration and Modernization; and
included in all facility siting decisions.
and look of their master plans, thereby Military Construction work contained in
assuring architectural consistency. The Demonstrating the reality of our shift
the Capital Investment Strategy. Master
form-based code ensures that the many toward master planning, sustainable
planning is the method to ensure annual
standard designs conform in appearance design and development, Fort Carson,
work plans are used to direct how funds are
to the look of the individual installation Colo., started an area development plan in
spent and synchronized with renovation
whether the design will be used on one December to accommodate force structure
and modernization projects and new
of our most historic posts, in the climatic changes it is anticipating. A similar study
extremes of the arctic and the tropics, or began in January to look at how to attain
alongside any of the other architectural the net-zero goal at Fort Leonard Wood, The Real Property Planning Board,
themes on Army installations. Mo. chaired by the garrison commander,
continues to be an important forum
Aside from assuring architectural Master planners continue to depend
to inform all tenant activities and to
thematic consistency, master planning on legacy databases, such as the Army
ensure that master planners understand
enables installations to plan and program Stationing and Installation Plan, to define
the concerns of the senior commander,
for changes in building density, building the current and future force structure, and
Soldiers, Civilians and Families.
adjacencies, central energy and utility on our current real property inventory and
Master planners are carrying out all ➤
the Real Property Planning and Analysis
(continued from previous page) enough to meet the planning principles standards, planning competency and a
always face short-term requirements of the installation. It means looking at culture supportive of great planning.
and challenges, and do a great job in more holistic solutions rather than stove- In this edition of the Public Works
addressing them. But sometimes, this pipe solutions. It means focusing on Digest, you will read about innovative
comes at the expense of making time capacities as much as requirements. planning approaches, best planning
available for longer-term planning. Commitment practices and opportunities for planning
This short-term reaction also leads to education and development. These
With the challenges facing our
numerous unsustainable and sprawling articles will show how we can create
installations, it is imperative that we
solutions that do not help the installation great installations for our Soldiers,
commit to sound, sustainable and
achieve its master plan vision. Civilians and Families by embracing the
comprehensive planning that can serve
We need sustainable and holistic fundamentals of planning.
as the foundation for the long-term
solutions that broadly embed the vitality of our posts, camps and stations. Maj. Gen. Jeffrey J. Dorko is the deputy
principles and longer-term vision of Planning is a collaborative process that commanding general for military and
the installation plan while still meeting involves many stakeholders. Success international operations, U.S. Army Corps of
immediate requirements. This includes requires great leadership, consistent Engineers.
making sure our standards are flexible
4 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
What about the master planner?
by Allan Carroll
e hear lots about the new planning conference provides an excellent
master planning regulation to forum for addressing these initiatives.
be published with its new tenets Experience is gained only when we
and form-based coding. We hear from a invest in a stable workforce that has the
variety of sources that our master plans are time to develop an understanding of
out of date. But, what about the master their complex installations. The cost of
planners? experience is time, not money.
I am talking about the person who must In addition to being technically
adapt to new planning processes; produce competent and experienced, master
future development plans, regulating plans planners must be master communicators
and illustrative plans; follow a new format Allan B. Carroll
Photo by Bethany Carroll and team-builders. They must articulate
using specific geographic information the commander’s vision in terms of
system attributes; follow new sustainable No master plan, regardless of detail and facilities, utilities, adjacencies, great streets
development practices; and ensure it’s accuracy, can substitute for the institutional and standard designs while blending
all resourced in a multi-funded capital knowledge and wisdom of our senior their current inventory with programmed
investment strategy. Oh yeah, and in their master planners. They not only know construction and maintaining architectural
spare time, they plan for and host the next where facilities are located and utilities are consistency. Team-building skills are critical
Real Property Planning Board, crank out a buried, but where they should go in the to ensure that the needs of all tenant
few DD Form 1391s to support the latest future, and, most importantly, they have activities are considered, accommodated
“good idea,” make sure we have identified the answers to the question, “Why?” and balanced with the needs, wants and
the buildings for the greatest energy desires of the installationwide population
consumption as candidate projects for the Master planners have long benefited
from a solid professional development of Civilians and Families, environmental
next net-zero experiment, validate real community, training community and
property data and Real Property Planning curriculum taught in our Proponent
Sponsored Engineer Corps Training emergency providers.
and Analysis System accuracy, answer
any number of data calls from higher courses. These courses continue to improve These team-building and
headquarters and serve as the installation and are blessed to have a talented faculty communicating skills are also critical when
geospatial information and services who are willing to travel to where the trying to incorporate the latest great ideas
coordinator. students are located. But training is only from garrison and senior commanders
part of the equation. who want changes incorporated right now
How many of you have recently into the Military Construction Future
attended the retirement ceremony of The master planner requires the all
important element called experience. Years Defense Program that is subject to
a senior master planner who faithfully planning and programming processes that
served your installation? What a loss of Only with experience gained under the
steady hand of a seasoned mentor can the typically will not deliver a complete and
institutional knowledge! With all the usable facility for a decade.
modern day “apps” for smartphones, there youngest master planners build upon their
should be a Vulcan-mind-meld feature training to develop master plans in support So, the next time you want to critique a
to replicate his or her knowledge in our of the installations they serve. master plan or to participate in the master
recently hired interns. We can corporately accelerate the master planning process, remember that this is
planner’s learning curve by providing something done by the professional and
and ensuring attendance at master should not be attempted unsupervised at
(continued from previous page)
planning conferences, which offer the home. And, if you have a free moment,
of these activities and responsibilities don’t forget to hug your master planner
latest techniques, procedures and policies,
at installations on a daily basis. Master today!
as well as networking opportunities
planning helps us make the best use of
within the master planning community.
our land, our facilities and our resources POC is Allan Carroll, 210-424-8240,
Often, an issue at one installation has
for the present and for the future. email@example.com.
been successfully addressed and solved
at another installation. In addition, the Allan Carroll is chief, Military Construction,
John B. Nerger is the executive director,
Installation Management Command. implementing guidance for all the recent Master Planning and Real Property,
energy and water conservation initiatives Headquarters, Installation Management
are both lagging and evolving, and a master Command.
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 5
Creating roadmaps to energy-effective installations
by Jerry Zekert and Mark L. Gillem
“Our military’s heavy reliance on fossil fuels by 25 percent and utility
creates significant risks and costs at a tactical as costs by 10 percent.
well as strategic level. They can be measured in
lost dollars, reduced mission effectiveness and in Infill, mixed-use
U.S. Soldiers’ lives.” development
– Dorothy Robyn, deputy under secretary of
Planners should support
defense for installations and environment, in
building up rather than out in
testimony before congressional subcommittee,
already developed areas. This
Jan. 27, 2010
strategy of infill development
supports increased densities
eputy Under Secretary Robyn’s and reduced utility runs. Roundabouts provide several advantages in traffic flow and reduced
challenge to the Department of Mixed-use development costs. Graphic by The Urban Collaborative LLC
Defense is to reduce reliance on reduces parking demands by roundabouts replacing existing traffic
fossil fuels. Meeting that challenge requires as much as 30 percent, because parking signals in Burlington, Vt., would equate to
a broadened prospective approach to can be shared among uses with different more than 20 percent of that city’s energy
planning and developing installations and peak demand periods. Dense or mixed- reduction goal. Several studies have also
the consumption and use of energy. use zones, facilitating combined heat found that roundabouts reduce resource
By harnessing the comprehensive nature and power district systems, can double use and pollution, enable higher density
of master planning, military installations the efficiency of primary energy use in a land uses and foster increased transit and
can create a broad strategy to achieve district. According to the Federal Energy nonmotorized travel modes.
energy independence while preserving Management Program, concentrated
mixed-use development can support District energy
military capabilities, enhancing quality of
life and creating sustainable communities district energy systems, reducing carbon District energy systems produce steam,
that promote wellness and vitality. generation by 30 percent and energy hot water or chilled water at a central
consumption by as much as 50 percent. plant. The steam or water is then piped
Certain concise planning strategies underground to individual buildings for
can reduce direct energy consumption Mixed-use districts also more
appropriately balance out energy use. In space heating, domestic hot water heating
installationwide. and air conditioning. As a result, individual
areas where living and working are within
Increased density one district, the system can operate at buildings served by a district energy system
increased efficiencies since energy-use do not need their own boilers or furnaces,
Research has found that more dense
peaks are offset. For example, a chilled chillers or air conditioners.
development uses less energy and emits
less greenhouse gas by a factor of 2.0 to water system could have 50 percent The International District Energy
2.5 than less dense neighborhoods. At Fort diversity resulting in a need to install less Association maintains that district energy
Lewis, Wash., by following sustainable air conditioning across the district. systems are 100 percent efficient because
development principles, vehicle miles the steam or water arrives at the building
Interconnected street networks ready to use. This compares favorably to
travelled could be reduced by 11.4 million
miles per year, resulting in a carbon dioxide Most installations use a hierarchical the 80 percent or less efficiency when
emission reduction of 12.9 million pounds street network with few connections burning natural gas or fuel oil at a building.
per year and a per-family annual savings of and long runs to reach low-density, In addition, district energy systems can use
more than $1,500. sprawling development. The direct costs the “reject heat” that results from burning
of hierarchical networks include the fuel to produce electricity at a power
Density matters in terms of sustainable energy costs for the extra street lights plant, dramatically increasing the overall
development. Doubling density beyond that are needed and the additional traffic efficiency with which useful energy is
30 employees per acre, or 13 residents per lights required to control traffic at the extracted from the fuel.
acre, is associated with more than a 30 intersections of collector and arterial
percent decrease in vehicle miles traveled On military installations where sprawl
and total air pollution. When more exists, the lines for district energy systems
compact development patterns are used, On an interconnected street network, simply run too far, which increases line
Rutgers University researchers found that the preferred solution, roundabouts loss, maintenance costs and inefficiencies.
construction costs were reduced: road costs replace signals at intersections and reduce When combined with the reliability of
energy use. One study found that 25 ➤
6 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
(continued from previous page) Building designs energy use. Additional air conditioning
district plants, where four chillers take the While planning normally does not capacity is also needed to remove the heat
place of 100 in separate buildings, a more consider the specific design of a particular generated by artificial lighting. The first
compact layout increases the efficiencies building, there are critical building design strategy to make buildings like this more
of the utility lines. Also, a district storage strategies that can significantly reduce sustainable is to reduce the demand for
system can be used, which adds to cost energy consumption. artificial lighting, and the best way to do
effectiveness. Solar-ready buildings – Siting and this is to create narrow wings that allow
constructing solar-ready buildings can natural light into the buildings.
Infill development and increased density
reduces runs and makes district energy prepare installations for a more efficient Many European countries, for example,
more efficient. District systems can work future. Building orientation, however, is limit building widths to less than 50 feet.
on a small scale, infill plans obviating not as critical with most military buildings, Many buildings built before the 1930s in
the need to redo an entire post. District since they are internally heat load the United States and in Europe meet this
systems also create room for renewable dominated. Rather than focus on passive limit, but with the rise of air conditioning,
energy sources now or in the future as solar layouts, buildings should be designed building widths grew substantially. In some
technology changes. District systems can to accommodate photovoltaic panels, cross cases, floor plate widths have increased
use plug-and-play renewable systems, ventilation and natural lighting. to more than 120 feet. As a result, access
which may not make economic sense on a Mixed-use buildings – Buildings that to natural light and ventilation was
building-by-building basis. combine compatible uses in one footprint compromised.
In district systems, planners can take can reduce energy use. More floor area can More recently, narrow-wing buildings
advantage of the benefits of combined heat be provided under one roof. have been making a comeback due to
and power. A system that can generate Connected buildings – According to their environmental benefits. In Europe,
heat and power can potentially be 67 one researcher, connected buildings, like the first example was built in 1987 for
percent efficient versus the 33 percent attached dwellings as opposed to separate the Netherlands International Bank. The
efficiency of a utility-line-dependent dwellings, reduce the external envelope designers employed narrow floor plates,
system. This efficiency results in overall exposed to the outside environment interior louvers in the top third of windows
reductions in energy consumption and and thus reduce heat loss and gain, that bounce light to the ceilings, operable
allows for the use of renewable sources at lowering heating and cooling loads. windows and interior atriums. The benefits
an appropriate time. Other advantages include efficient use of were significant. The former headquarters
space in the urban context and savings in used 422,801 British thermal units per
construction cost square foot, but the new headquarters uses
and maintenance 35,246 Btu per square foot, a reduction in
due to shared walls. energy use of more than 90 percent. The
Rowhouses, for energy savings in 1987 U.S. dollars totaled
example, use up to 35 $2.6 million annually, and the payback was
percent less energy a remarkably short three months.
than similar sized Planning and energy
single-family homes. Master planning is a comprehensive
Narrow buildings process that formulates a development
– In administrative strategy for the long-term use of our
buildings, which installations. Energy use is one of the
account for a sizable major considerations that must be factored
percentage of military along with sustainability, low-impact
installation facilities, development, and anti-terrorism and force
energy consumption protection.
for artificial lighting The recommended planning and design
can account for strategies in this article provide a roadmap
nearly half of all to evolving into a net-zero installation.
This energy-effective area development plan involves compact development, Using these techniques prevents the ➤
interconnected streets and narrow buildings. Graphic courtesy of Jerry Zekert
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 7
New direction for master planning
by Kathryn J. Haught
he update of Army Regulation 210- constructing a master plan that meets all Acronyms and Abbreviations
20, Real Property Master Planning the needs of the installation, including the AR Army Regulation
for Installations, is nearly complete. needs of Soldiers, Civilians, Families and of AT/FP anti-terrorism and force protection
The old regulation will cease to exist and the Army as a whole. Army planners have CIRM critical infrastructure risk management
will be included as Chapter 10 in AR been working with many of these precepts IDG installation design guide
420-1, Army Facilities Management, within for years. Other tenets are new to the
NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
this fiscal year. The update will address the Army master planning regulation, although
OACSIM Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for
question: how can we better execute master not necessarily new to installations. Adding Installation Management
planning to assist headquarters’ planning these tenets to the regulation and applying
and support the installation? them at the garrison level ensures that they Planning and Analysis System for
The new regulation continues the will receive the emphasis necessary from comparison, installations will be able to
use of real property master planning decision makers. better plan for existing missions without
digests, installation design guides, capital The new regulation stresses the use adversely impacting potential new missions.
investment strategies and long-range of form-based codes, which codify the Regulating plans replace land-use
components. Employing vision statements installation’s IDG standards in a graphic plans and regulate only the most essential
has been added, and short-range plan. This type of code puts less weight on physical requirements for developing
components are eliminated. land use and more on building appearance parcels, such as buildable areas, minimum
The update accentuates process rather and massing. and maximum building heights, parking
than end products. End products are While the form of the building will, to locations and acceptable uses.
included, though, and have been more a certain extent, drive the function, this The new regulation also emphasizes
clearly defined to more accurately reflect type of code will allow for more mixed- area development plans that can
how garrisons do planning. use development. Mixed-use development be consolidated into an installation
The new regulation emphasizes 10 permits greater efficiencies in planning development plan. Area development plans
planning tenets: and promotes the conservation of one of will enable the garrison to consider the
the Army’s most important and quickly installation’s missions and plan for each
• form-based coding, shrinking assets — real estate. accordingly.
• area development planning,
Form-based codes will be used In the past, planning was done without
• sustainable development, to formulate “illustrative plans” and consideration of long-term effects, but the
• sustainable building design, “regulating plans.” Army has been integrating sustainable
• natural and cultural resource preservation, Illustrative plans use form-based codes development and sustainable building
• planning for healthy communities, to depict proposed building configurations. design now for several years. The Army
This will help the installation establish realizes the importance of preserving not
• critical infrastructure risk management,
the capacity of the installation — an only its own resources but those of the
• anti-terrorism and force protection, local community, the region and the state.
invaluable and long overdue tool for
• facility standardization, and
helping headquarters make more Sustainability principles help the Army
• spatial data management. informed stationing decisions. Using the to be more prudent with real estate,
These tenets are essential for requirements data in the Real Property natural resources and manmade resources.
Sustainable design can be tailored to each
(continued from previous page) particular installation.
diversion of precious range and training Mark L. Gillem, 510-551-8065, mark@ Natural and cultural resource
areas for solar farms or other dedicated urbancollaborative.com. preservation overlaps sustainable design
energy production areas. They help create in the principle of minimal disruption
Jerry Zekert is the chief, Master Planning Team,
sustainable development that preserves to ecological and historical assets. These
Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
an installation’s capability to respond to tenets together give planners the tools to
Mark L. Gillem, Ph.D., AIA, AICP, a University of
rapidly changing Army missions. Oregon associate professor and The Urban provide for their communities’ needs while
Collaborative LLC principal, is a consultant for preserving natural and manmade assets.
POCs are Jerry Zekert, 202-761-7525, the Master Planning Team, Headquarters, U.S. Planning for healthy communities is
firstname.lastname@example.org, and Army Corps of Engineers. one of updated regulation’s new tenets. ➤
8 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
(continued from previous page) with varying success for some time. It Geospatial data management replaced
The idea is to promote exercise and healthy is important to prevent mission failure the T-square and the drawing board long
activity via planning that, for example, in garrison operations, deployments or ago. Geospatial information systems
facilitates walking and biking for access support to Army Soldiers and Families. available through Army Mapper allow
to both work and recreation. Planning for CIRM takes a close look at infrastructure planning with greater ease and efficiency,
healthy communities also supports other and determines where risk is greatest, and electronic files facilitate data sharing,
planning objectives, such as low-impact enabling mitigation of that risk in the not just within the installation but also
development. master plan. with other organizations.
The Army has practiced CIRM AT/FP often presents a challenge but The master plan is now truly a living
is necessary to document that can be changed with
protect Army ease by local planners. Better access for
assets, including viewing an installation’s master plan means
Soldiers, headquarters has a better understanding of
Civilians and the issues and challenges on the ground.
Families. At OACSIM, the intent is that the
Creative updated regulation will put more emphasis
thinking in on master planning at all levels. The tenets
the planning also support National Environmental
process can Policy Act compliance and will make
facilitate AT/ NEPA an integral enabler of master
FP. For example, planning rather than a hurdle to be jumped
buffer zones and prior to project award.
green space for
environmental OACSIM anticipates that the new
purposes can regulation will promote master planning
serve as standoff not as a separate process but as an integral
space. part of garrison planning and operations.
Illustrative plans use form-based codes to depict proposed building configurations. The Office POC is Kathryn J. Haught, 571-256-1183,
Graphics by Urban Collaborative of the Assistant Kathryn.email@example.com.
Chief of Staff
for Installation Kathryn J. Haught is a master planner, Operations
Management’s Directorate, OACSIM.
work with the
Call for ARTICLES
Committee The March/April 2011
to ensure issue of the
designs will Public Works Digest
support the will feature
of sustainability, Housing and Lodging
real estate Deadline is Feb. 14
low-impact Submit articles to
Regulating plans govern such requirements for developing parcels as buildable areas, and energy 202-761-0022
minimum and maximum building heights, parking locations and acceptable uses. conservation.
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 9
by Mark L. Gillem
n most military installations, the need for additional land acquisition.
streets are little more than links Moreover, great streets support more
connecting one place to another in sustainable densities, reduced infrastructure
an endless chain of asphalt and concrete. runs and more energy-efficient
The gaps between these places are ignored development.
and underused. Since these types of streets The requirements for great streets
usually serve only one purpose — motor are not complex. First, they need to
vehicle transportation — the gaps and be connected to other streets. George
edges are often undesirable sites. As a Washington laid out a simple grid for
result, vacant land or parking lots usually Alexandria, Va., because he knew that this
separate streets from buildings. was the most efficient street layout.
This pattern may make for an efficient Second, great streets have defined
transportation network, but it also leads to edges, which ideally take the form of
very inefficient land use. Street networks buildings placed parallel to and facing
on most installations are designed like the street. These buildings create “walls”
river ecosystems; local streets funnel traffic for the street, much like the walls of a
to collectors, which in turn funnel traffic room, which makes them comfortable to
to arterials. These arterials act like major walk along. When these buildings have
rivers where the bulk of traffic is eventually windows facing the street, the transparency
forced onto relatively few streets that are allows for natural surveillance of the public
predictably congested at peak hours and realm, which is the best kind of security.
too wide to cross comfortably or safely. The current infatuation with prison-like
The result is like a cancer that eats buildings oriented away from the street
away at valuable land. The wider the is an overreaction to selected terrorist
streets and the more traffic they carry, threats that are not an empirical reality for
the less desirable they are as places for military installations.
development, which then occurs farther Third, great streets have great street
and farther out, leading inexorably to low- trees. The best are deciduous trees that
density, auto-oriented sprawl. create interconnected canopies shading
There is a different model. When the street and sidewalks. These trees slow
streets are thought of as magnets that can traffic, increase pedestrian safety, reduce
attract more efficient development, they energy consumption in adjacent buildings
can become the backbone of an integrated and extend the lifespan of the paving they
land-use and transportation system. shade.
The planners of historic military bases Allan Jacobs, author of Great Streets,
knew this. They built grand boulevards, argues that great streets are built to last
avenues, parkways and main streets to and are accessible to more than just drivers.
both connect and contain development. Great streets serve pedestrians, bicyclists
The grand entry to Barksdale Air Force and all types of transit passengers.
Base, La., and the well-defined avenues Great streets also have sidewalks that
of historic Fort Sill, Okla., are just two are connected, comfortable and safe.
examples. All of these criteria make what some
Over a series of steps, Fort Lewis’s Pendleton
To more efficiently use limited land practitioners call “complete streets” that Avenue will be transformed into a great street that
resources, planners need to reconsider serve a multitude of functions. accommodates energy-efficient, mixed-use development
the role of the street. If they can build Planners at Fort Lewis, Wash., adopted and a range of transportation choices. Graphic by The
Urban Collaborative LLC
great streets, then development will be these criteria and are converting their
attracted to these streets and thousands of main street, Pendleton Avenue, from current conditions are less than ideal;
acres of Department of Defense land can an unsightly arterial at the heart of the inadequate throughput, unprotected left
be repurposed for development without installation into a great boulevard. The turn lanes, disconnected sidewalks, ➤
10 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Understanding planning fundamentals: It’s about patterns
by Jerry Zekert
hinking about great cities, towns many military installations were planned development — including walkability,
or even military installations begs and developed using these principles. Two compactness and reduced energy use —
the question, what makes them examples are Randolph Air Force Base, can be gained by learning the traditional
great? The key aspect of what makes those Texas, which celebrates and maintains patterns of development.
communities remarkable is how they its commitment to a great sustainable During the Advanced Master Planning
are laid out, and that factor is the legacy plan, and the old garrison compound of class taught at U.S. Army Garrison
of great planning. Excellent planning Fort Bragg, N.C., which brings the flavor Vicenza, Italy, last year, the class visited and
results in the structured organization of of Beaux-Arts design to its plan. These sketched the traditional urban planning
streets sidewalks, trees, public spaces and patterns reflect the long-standing historic patterns of the town of Vicenza. The
the setting of buildings in a compact values of community that our leaders trends discovered while sketching were
relationship that results in great places for desired in our military installations. used in the planning exercises. Similarly,
all generations. In the planning profession, the way in Savannah, the students learned by
Outstanding cities like Savannah, Ga., these principles are used is called “planning sketching the traditional grid pattern of
Portland Ore., Washington, D.C., and patterns.” Planning patterns give us the that city and using the same principles in
Chicago are well planned. They are towns recipe from which an orderly master plan solving today’s problems.
of multistory can be created. Understanding planning patterns helps
buildings with The patterns of good planning are create a flexible but orderly way to plan
many mixes visible to pedestrians. They can see the cities, towns and military installations.
of uses and arrangement of the streets, the general scale They give a predictive suite of planning
sustainable of the buildings and the alignment of the tools that can ensure the creation of great
streets with sidewalks and trees. These features are the places for Soldiers, Civilians and Families,
trees and fundamentals of good planning. while meeting the rapidly changing
sidewalks, missions facing our Army.
which In the Master Planning Institute training
holistically program, a key component in both the
POC is Jerry Zekert, 202-761-7525,
make great Master Planning and Advanced Master
places to live, Planning classes is teaching the planning
A master planning student work and play. pattern language and how to use it in the Jerry Zekert is the chief, Master Planning Team,
sketches patterns in Vicenza, planning of installations. Students learn Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
Italy. Photo by Jerry Zekert Historically, that many of the principles of sustainable
(continued from previous page) and the Army and Air Force Exchange an installation. They can be places where
overhead utilities and the backsides of Service to build pedestrian-oriented people can comfortably and safely walk,
buildings make it a street to pass through. development within the downtown core bike and drive.
As a result, development has been pushed rather than at the edge or in big box Military planners have an opportunity
out of the core of the installation and onto structures flanked by massive parking lots. to once again create the types of streets
the fringe, which forces even more driving. The great street has become a draw for that contributed to making historic
central development that uses limited land installations great; they can create
The approved and funded plan calls
much more efficiently. Moreover, the plan streets that are built to last and that
for converting Pendleton into a multiway
for the street generated an unprecedented support multi-modal transit options for
boulevard that can support much more
level of excitement and interest, at least generations to come.
through traffic and transit on four center
for infrastructure projects, among the
lanes with a protected left turn median,
installation’s leadership, and they quickly POC is Mark L. Gillem, 510-551-8065, mark@
local traffic and bikes in slow-moving
found the resources for the upgrade. urbancollaborative.com
protected access lanes, and pedestrians on
wide, tree-lined sidewalks that are framed The benefits to rethinking the role Mark L. Gillem, Ph.D., AIA, AICP, a University of
by infill mixed-use buildings. Jacobs of streets on military installations Oregon associate professor and The Urban
consulted on Pendleton’s redesign. are enormous. They can be magnets Collaborative LLC principal, is a consultant for
for sustainable and energy-efficient the Master Planning Team, Headquarters, U.S.
The promise of Pendleton’s conversion
development rather than eyesores that Army Corps of Engineers.
helped convince the housing contractor
force development to the perimeter of
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 11
Embracing planning in the research environment
by Mark L. Gillem
Master planning,” according to Lt. leaders have recognized that their master Acronyms and Abbreviations
Col. Kari Otto, “is the lynchpin of plans need to be on the leading edge of CRREL Cold Regions Research and Engineering
any organization’s strategic plan and sustainability and energy efficiency. Laboratory
vision.” As the garrison commander for NSSC Natick Soldier System Center
the Natick Soldier Systems Center, Mass., Process USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Otto knows the value of planning. She has At both labs, the approach has integrated
intensive user participation in the planning participants attended the public planning
made sure that NSSC has a current and
process. Stakeholders at the installation, forum. The plan that was developed makes
including Directorate of Public Works room for new research space, creates
“A good master plan,” she said, “excites shared community parks and calls for more
engineers, lab leadership, staff and research
the work force at all levels. It shows them on-post Family housing to reduce the
scientists have been involved in every
that leadership acknowledges and is environmental and economic costs of long
aspect of plan development. They crafted
actively addressing infrastructure shortfalls commutes.
their planning visions, analyzed their sites,
and clearly demonstrates there is a future
developed and evaluated alternatives, and “From a strategic communication
plan for the installation.”
helped identify preferred alternatives. This perspective, a good master plan is
The U.S. Army has numerous labs type of involvement is a different approach invaluable as it clearly delineates the true
like NSSC that are on the cutting edge to planning. requirements of an installation,” Otto said.
of scientific research in a range of fields.
On many installations, planning Having this information is crucial for the
From high-technology weapon systems
experts are hired generalists who conduct Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for
to longer-lasting pavements, from more
interviews and site assessments, prepare Installation Management and the Services
effective body armor to more nutritious
alternatives and make a recommendation and Infrastructure Core Enterprise,
meals, Army scientists and engineers
to leadership. In some cases, these outside both of which advocate on behalf of the
are using their skills to enhance mission
consultants set up shop at the installation installations, she said. It demonstrates to
and facilitate a charrette, which brings all levels of leadership tremendous analysis
Over the last year, two of these Army stakeholders into the design process in a and validation of legitimate requirements.
labs, NSSC and the U.S. Army Cold more substantive way. But most charrettes
Regions Research and Engineering are little more than formal review meetings CRREL
Laboratory, have embarked on planning and scheduled interviews that inform the Located in Hanover, N.H., CRREL is
processes that will result in new real design team as they prepare alternatives one of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’
property master plans that can more while on site. Stakeholders are not research labs. Scientists at CRREL focus
effectively guide short- and long-term generally involved in the actual design. on extreme weather and related research,
development. Just as each lab’s researchers and they need facilities that can support
This process results in plans that may
and scientists need to stay on the leading this unique mission.
be technically correct but not emotionally
edge of their career fields, the labs’ The collaborative planning process at
connected. In other words, installation
personnel rarely take ownership CRREL, which started last fall, includes
of the plans, regardless of how representatives from across the lab, the
good they are. town of Hanover, the local school district
and nearby Dartmouth University.
NSSC This process is part of Headquarters,
NSSC has fully embraced USACE’s focus on planning education
the new approach to using a practicum model through which
master planning. Through stakeholders gain valuable education in
a collaborative process, the the planning process and use their new
installation has developed knowledge to help prepare their own
a plan that accommodates master plans. This approach empowers
significant new development stakeholders and helps them understand
in a sustainable way. Roughly the value of planning on their own
25 percent of NSSC personnel installation.
Participants in the NSSC Planning Open House look over a scale participated in its first planning “This master planning process for
model of the installation. Photo by Dustin Capri open house, and more than 100 CRREL represents an essential ➤
12 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Area development plans: Tools for synchronizing infrastructure
by Jerry Zekert
ou have heard the horror stories Acronyms and Abbreviations
of Military Construction projects ADP area development plan
not being built in the same year as AT/FP anti-terrorism and force protection
their supporting infrastructure projects. MILCON Military Construction
Anecdotes abound of mission complexes managers instant identification of all the
built without associated community critical projects that need to be funded as a
support facilities. How can this happen? package to meet the needs at a particular
Synchronization of project execution is time.
one of the toughest challenges installations ADPs can be used as tools not only
face. No matter how the financial situation at the installation but also at higher
is defined, all who are involved in planning, headquarters. They can help programmers
programming designing and constructing Jerry Zekert
make sure investment decisions are
facilities for Soldiers must make sure that Photo by Mary Beth Thompson
adequately defined to ensure all needs are
the comprehensive facilities package is met.
The plan is holistic. It enables the
installation to consider all of the factors Advice for ensuring that ADPs are
The area development plan is a critical that need to be supported, including such successful, invaluable tools follows.
tool that helps Directorates of Public comprehensive issues as sustainability,
Works synchronize development of a • Make sure the ADPs focus on the long-
energy efficiency, low-impact development,
specific locale on an installation. An ADP term built-out capability of the area
environmental stewardship, infrastructure
is a mini-master plans that identifies the rather than just the short-term mission
and transportation requirements, and anti-
total built-out plan for a particular district needs. Think of ADPs as mini-master
terrorism and force protection criteria.
and defines a plan for its development. plans that define the long-range devel-
The ADP creates a built-out plan for opment strategy for individual districts.
the maximum capacity of the district This method allows requirements to be
that defines both the short-term nimbly changed over time.
mission requirements and the long- • Ensure all district stakeholders partici-
term capabilities of the district. The pate in ADP formulation. The ADP is
plan also develops a holistic capital their roadmap for long-term develop-
investment strategy that identifies ment of their area, so it is essential they
by phases the comprehensive suite participate from the beginning. These
of projects that need to be executed stakeholders include experts from the
together to make the plan complete. sustainability, environmental and AT/FP
It provides a map and identifies communities.
specific siting of individual projects.
At Fort Carson, Colo., stakeholders discuss the development This graphic portrayal gives program • Make sure the ADP has a defined vision
of an ADP. Photo by Mark Gillem, Urban Collaborative linked to the installation master plan. ➤
(continued from previous page) in lab design and responds to the local the stakeholders participated in the actual
community’s needs. design effort, they have taken active
milestone in sustaining our collaborative
ownership in the process, which will
culture through learning the importance Advantages facilitate long-term support for and the
of planning,” said Robert Davis, CRREL’s “An installation that can clearly and relevancy of their master plans.
director, “We have all come to better consistently articulate its strategic vision
appreciate the potential role participants and the infrastructure requirements POC is Mark L. Gillem, 510-551-8065, mark@
can play in developing a new vision for necessary to meet that vision is more urbancollaborative.com
our installation through a process that likely to garner the funds necessary to
has incorporated input from all levels and Mark L. Gillem, Ph.D., AIA, AICP, a University of
execute their long term requirements,”
functions in our organization, as well as Oregon associate professor and The Urban
from the outside community.” Collaborative LLC principal, is a consultant for
Another benefit of the processes used the Master Planning Team, Headquarters,
This input has led to an evolving plan at NSSC and CRREL is that, because USACE.
that incorporates the latest global trends
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 13
Work classification: Spotting potential pitfalls in construction
by Mike Dean
ork classification determines a it must be acquired as real property. This
project’s funding source, funding action then follows real property rules, and
limits and approval authority. real property approval authorities apply.
Work classification is the responsibility of Typically, one should think in terms of
the director of Public Works, and improper house trailers with the interior already
work classification can lead to potential finished.
Anti-deficiency Act violations, the The misunderstanding of what composes
redelegation of the involved funds to lesser an RLB and the rush to meet mission
priority projects and disciplinary action. requirements has led to a large number of
Construction work is defined by law potential ADA violations. An RLB is a
in Section 2801 of U.S. Code title 10. Mike Dean construction project if:
Specifically, military construction includes Courtesy photo • Construction is needed to finish the
any construction, development, conversion interior, such as insulation, wiring, plaster
increase in potential ADA violations in the
or extension of any kind carried out with wall board, fire suppression, built-in cabi-
past several years. Descriptions of the top
respect to a military installation whether nets, lights and heating.
to satisfy temporary or permanent
• Construction is needed to finish the exte-
requirements. A military construction Relocatable buildings rior, including roofing, siding, windows
project includes all work necessary to RLBs are a major area of and doors.
produce a complete and usable facility or misclassification. An RLB is classified
a complete and usable improvement to an • The building is more than one story
as equipment only if it meets specific high.
existing facility. It also includes work to criteria. The definition, in Chapter 6 of
produce a portion of a complete and usable Army Regulation 420-1, Army Facilities • The building can’t be easily disassembled
facility or improvement as specifically Management, says an RLB is designed to and moved down the highway without
authorized by law. be readily moved, erected, disassembled, major expense — more than 20 percent
stored and reused, and that it must meet of initial cost without site add-ons — or
Due to misapplications of work
the “20 percent rule.” damage.
classification guides, there has been a sharp
Modular buildings are not necessarily
That rule states that the sum of
Acronyms and Abbreviations RLBs, and any building essentially built
building disassembly, repackaging and
ADA Anti-deficiency Act on site is not an RLB. Anything acquired
nonrecoverable building components
DPW director of Public Works as an RLB, which falls into one of these
RDT&E research, development, testing and including typical foundation costs must
situations, most likely is construction and
evaluation not exceed 20 percent of the purchase
must meet construction rules, limitations
RLB relocatable building cost. If the percentage is greater than 20,
and authorities. ➤
(continued from previous page) • Make sure ADP investments take in all an ADP.
funding streams, including MILCON; ADPs are tremendous planning tools.
This vision, although broad in scope, Sustainment, Restoration and Modern- They can be great assets in synchronizing
identifies a set of measurable tenets ization; and public-private ventures. infrastructure investments, and they are
that guide development. These tenets
• Share the ADP with higher headquar- very affordable to complete. In times
include such principles as sustainable
ters. Master planning champions at high- of competition for limited resources, an
planning, energy effectiveness, safety and
er headquarters work very hard to make installation’s return on investment for its
sure installations get the resources to ADPs can be high, helping ensure delivery
• Make sure the ADP considers several support their many requirements. ADPs of total facility packages.
alternatives. Diligent alternative formula- help them see the total plan, enabling
tion leads to great solutions. A bonus them to understand what you are trying POC is Jerry Zekert, 202-761-7525,
comes from considering environmental to achieve. firstname.lastname@example.org.
principles in the process, because many
• Take the Advanced Master Planning Jerry Zekert is the chief, Master Planning Team,
National Environmental Policy Act
Class, Proponent Sponsored Engineer Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of
requirements will have been simultane-
Corps Training Course 952, which pro- Engineers.
vides hands-on instruction on completing
14 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
(continued from previous page) style is most likely construction. funding for projects have potential ADA
Keeping models, simulations
and replicas Facility conversion
Building a model, simulation or Conversion of a facility is construction,
replica for research, development, but not all work done on a facility during
testing and evaluation that is later conversion is construction. Any repair work
used for training or kept after its that was necessary to do in the facility
initial RDT&E purpose is finished before conversion may still be classified
is construction. RDT&E models, as repair. Examples are roof, window and
simulations and replicas must toilet repair.
be removed after their RDT&E Any work necessary to convert
requirement has been completed. a facility to a new category code is
Project splitting construction. Examples are adding sensitive
RLBs are improperly “constructed” on site. Photos courtesy of compartmented information facility, air
Barry Bartley Project splitting that avoids
conditioning, or anti-terrorism and force
construction approval limits is an
protection requirements when a warehouse
ADA violation. Work classification
is converted to an administrative building.
for a construction project or a group of
construction projects requires that all Equipment
work that is interdependent be included Work to install Equipment in Place,
as one project for approval. This equipment obtained as personal property,
requirement includes site preparation for is classified as “nonconstruction.” Any
RLBs. work to install the personal equipment
A recent example involved two RLBs such as running electrical wires or opening
sited on two concrete pads adjacent holes in walls or doorways to install or
to each other. Although each concrete move personal equipment, is considered
pad was constructed as a separate unit, nonconstruction and is funded from the
Improper “construction” is discovered inside a purchased the RLBs placed on them belonged same source of funds as that used to obtain
to the same mission and organization. the equipment.
Construction as repair The two concrete pads are considered Garrison DPWs are ultimately
For excellent guidance on classifying interdependent because of the single responsible for all work classifications and
“repair” and “construction” projects, review mission and therefore classified as one should avoid being pressured into making
Department of Army Pamphlet 420-11, construction project for approval. work classifications with which they are
Project Definition and Work Classification. Another example of project splitting uncomfortable. DPWs should be familiar
If work is being done solely to meet is using a series of different projects with with DA Pam 420-11 and coordinate their
codes and standards or to meet mission different funding sources and methods work classification with their local legal
requirements, the work is construction. A of approvals to construct a complex of office.
facility must be determined to be failed or facilities that are clearly mission related.
failing for it to be brought up to codes and An example of project splitting is POCs are Bill Allen, general engineer, Office
standards as repair. building a contingency operating location of the Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation
Increasing the footprint of a facility or a contingency operating base using Management, 703-601-0705, email@example.com.
or significantly increasing the quality separate projects for barracks, classrooms, mil, and Mike Dean, 703-601-0703, mike.dean@
or capability of a facility is most likely maintenance buildings, utilities and other us.army.mil.
construction. Repairing and increasing facilities. A contingency operating location Mike Dean is a general engineer, Facilities Policy
a two-lane road to three or four lanes, or base is a grouping of interdependent Division, Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for
adding pull-offs or changing a gravel road facilities, and all projects should be grouped Installation Management.
or parking area to asphalt is construction. into one undertaking for one overall
Repair to a building that replaces most of approval. In a case like this, the DPW and
the structure and changes the architectural each organization that approved separate
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 15
Keep safety in mind when planning lean, green, sustainable projects
by Charles Colbert
eaders everywhere are focusing part of the project management
on creating a lean and green plan. This includes a preliminary
organizational culture that strives hazard analysis, or risk assessment,
for continuous improvement resulting in according to Field Manual 5-19,
better projects that are built faster and Mishap Risk Management, DA
cost less. As the cultural shift is made, it Pam 385-30 and USACE Program
is important to remember that lean and Management Best Practices 8016G.
green does not automatically correlate Some designers think that
to acceptable risk, especially from a adequate safety is incorporated by
maintenance worker and system safety life-cycle codes, such as National
perspective. Fire Protection Association 101, but
All Defense Department installations are these do not protect maintenance
under programs that emphasize Leadership workers from falls, noise, heat stress
in Energy and Environmental Design and any latent or unrecognized Changing lights at 90 feet in the air presents a safety
challenge that the designers of the atrium at Fort
Silver, Gold or Platinum certification. In hazards that may be within the
Wainwright’s Bassett Army Hospital did not take into
addition, as resources become precious, design. account. Courtesy photo
installations are becoming more lean and For example, the gorgeous atrium at Society of Mechanical Engineers, but such
sustainable. Organizations and programs Bassett Army Hospital, Fort Wainwright, reliance may not protect from liability.
can improve cost savings and efficiency Alaska, reaches 90 feet in height. To The Federal Tort Claims Act waives
while being good community neighbors; change lights at that height requires a sovereign immunity and constitutes the
however these concepts must be applied mechanical lift, but the atrium doorways consent of the U.S. government to be sued
with system safety reviews. were not large enough for a mechanical for the negligent acts of its employees
As management leads an organization or lift to pass through. The design created a who were acting within the scope of their
program to become lean and green, it must safety problem that had to be corrected. employment.
constantly be thinking about assessing Retrofits are expensive and can be According to one personal injury
risk and determining what is acceptable avoided. The best thing designers can attorney, standards compliance is not a
risk. Safety is the first step in a cultural do is consider the tasks operations and complete defense. Designs are required to
journey to continuous improvement — maintenance staff will have to perform to be reasonably safe, and the definition of
plan, do, check, act. Management should keep the facility up and running. Providing “reasonably safe” varies among jurisdictions.
want to attain “acceptable risk, lean and engineered fall protection anchors, power For example, some use a consumer
green,” which will allow an organization or outlets for confined space ventilation, and expectation test, while others rely on risk
program to employ best practices and best sustainable egress and ingress are examples and utility analysis.
engineering judgment leading to state-of- of adding safety to the design.
the-art facilities. Similarly, management that is not
Cultural change is not easy, and safety heeding its engineers needs to reconnect
Systems safety review needs to happen integration is even harder. If leaders dictate with its staff. Companies and the
as early as possible in the design process “lean and green” without respect for government can fall out of step with
and at intervals contributing to the final employees’ safety, they will find that it does what peers are doing. It is now standard
design. Army Regulation 385-10, The not produce the results they had expected. practice to perform facility systems safety
Army Safety Program, directs that facility Leaders who want to do the right thing for reviews and “prevention through design,”
designs will have a systems safety review; the right reasons will dictate “safe, lean and as it is known in the private sector, and if
Department of the Army Pamphlet 385-16 green,” which will improve readiness and regulations and standard practice state that
details the process; and U.S. Army Corps mission integrity. these design reviews are required, then they
of Engineers’ Engineer Manual 385-1-1,
The private sector and the government must be done in practice.
requires all construction projects to have
a safety and occupational health plan as tend to rely on standards, codes, regulations
and other requirements, such as those POC is Charles Colbert, 256-895-1772,
published by the American National firstname.lastname@example.org.
Acronyms and Abbreviations Standards Institute, National Fire Charles Colbert is the U.S. Army’s technical lead
DA Pam Department of the Army Pamphlet Protection Agency, Occupational Health for facility systems safety.
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Safety Administration and American
16 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Quality assurance inspectors, contractors: Fostering relationships
by Matthew Hoffman
he quality assurance-quality control has become more than cordial, the • casting a halo over the work, i.e., over-
relationship may or may not be relationship could make it difficult for looking “small” parts of the specifications
well received by the contractor or some inspectors to fairly critique or reject because you can identify with the con-
its quality control staff. Whether or not part of a project. tractor’s situation.
the contractor has a proven track record Don’t direct the contractor unless you Contractors recognize and sometimes
of quality performance, the government’s have the authority to do so. You may exploit these behaviors to the detriment of
quality assurance inspector is there to have seen this type of project a thousand quality control. However, negative effects
ensure that the contractor’s quality control times, but, unless your chain of command can be overcome or eliminated by not
program is functioning according to has given you the authority to act, refer giving yourself or the contractor latitude
contractual obligations. the issue to the person in the chain of that is not in accordance with the plans and
Quality assurance inspectors cannot command who has the official authority to specifications. Quality assurance inspectors
control how they are received or perceived give direction. have leeway in the discharge of their duties
by contractors. However, presenting only as is written in the specifications and
Document everything. In many cases,
themselves and implementing the quality the quality assurance plan, or issued by
there is information that might not belong
assurance plan in an unbiased professional someone within their chains of command.
on the type of report you are writing. If you
manner may positively affect the are not sure, find out where and how to Unbiased, professional
responsiveness of the contractor’s staff and report it. The information might be needed
the successful completion of the project. The contractor’s quality control
later. personnel should be aware of the
Simple rules for success Let the contractor see that you are inspector’s adherence to established policy
The following advice from a seasoned watching and evaluating. People tend to and procedures by his or her professional
inspector may help you develop a workable put their best foot forward when they are manner. Nevertheless, a seasoned inspector
relationship with the contractor. being watched. realizes he or she will meet resistance in
Be professional and polite. the discharge of duties.
Admit that you don’t know everything.
Accept the fact that things change. Take Professionalism tends to rub off on people. The chain of command should be made
the time to learn what you need for your When people are treated in a professional aware of any difficulties encountered
assigned project. manner, they usually reciprocate. through the reports, which should state
fact, not opinion. Regardless of the
Don’t get too cozy with the contractor Pitfalls to avoid outcome of difficulties, the inspector must
or his staff. It’s easy to become friendly How do quality assurance representatives maintain a professional demeanor and
with a contractor with whom you have avoid being too hard or not hard enough remain unbiased to represent the chain of
been working for an extended period. in the course of carrying out their command and assure the quality of the
When the inspector-contractor relationship duties? When they follow project.
the specifications to the
Whether the project is easy or difficult,
letter, they are considered
the success of its quality assurance plan
overzealous. Not following
may rest on how the inspector applies
them closely enough puts
knowledge gained by experience and
inspectors in a precarious
education while fostering a professional
position with the engineers
relationship with the contractor.
or lead inspectors and is not
in the recipient of the work’s
POC is Matthew Hoffman, 504-232-7128,
best interest. email@example.com.
Two types of behavior can
affect how quality assurance Matthew Hoffman is a contracted quality
inspectors execute their assurance representative, New Orleans District,
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
quality assurance plans:
• being hypercritical or over-
Quality assurance inspector Matthew Hoffman examines plans at a zealous, i.e., judging the con-
construction site. Photo courtesy of Matthew Hoffman tractor’s work too harshly; or
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 17
Schedule management: key to Army construction management
by T. (Jerry) Shih
ll program and project management Program (or Project) Evaluation and coordination, justification and rectification
is subject to three constraints: Review Technique — were developed for should take place immediately before the
schedule, cost and scope. Sound schedule planning. The key element of construction progress starts falling behind.
project management means completing the former is to predict the time that is
the project on time (schedule), finishing required to complete the project. The latter Meeting deadlines
it within the budget (cost) and meet contributes product-oriented categories To meet or not to meet the deadline,
the project’s expectation (scope). Cost and work breakdown structure to schedule that is a question in preparing a schedule
is the bottom line, but good schedule planning. management plan. In some cases, to meet
management is the key to construction it is doom, but sometimes failure is not
Today, all management processes,
management success. a shame. Quality and safety could be
management system standardizations
vulnerable if risks are taken to meet the
Schedule management theory and management software have schedule
Economics teaches that “time is money.” Rebids and requests for more funding
The future value, due to the factor of Schedule, schedule, schedule could delay the construction schedule.
interest on money, is different from the Meeting the schedule is a key mission Mother Nature could cause delay as well.
present value because of the factor of time. for all project team members. Knowing
Therefore, a well-developed schedule For a project that has fallen behind, the
how to start and complete the work now compressed construction duration
management plan results in better cost is extremely important to the project’s
control and achieves the construction goal requires additional resources due to
success for both the contractor and the increased market value of materials and
and objective on time. owner. Once awarded, the job needs costs of express delivery, special equipment
Henry Gantt developed the “Gantt to be completed within an anticipated and overtime to meet the deadline, which
chart” in the 1910s to coordinate activities duration; otherwise, the costs of dedicated could increase the owner’s cost.
and to avoid interferences through a work equipment and tools, inflation of materials
breakdown schedule. Revolutionary at and project administration could eat the Unless absolutely necessary, quality and
the time, Gant charts were successfully contractor’s profit and possibly cause safety should not be sacrificed to meet
employed on the Hoover Dam and are the contractor to lose money. The same the deadline. If the deadline cannot be
now a commonly used construction principle applies to the owner, who would extended, risk meetings are essential to go
management tool. Gantt’s contribution need additional funds to carry the project over what-if issues, to analyze all possible
to schedule planning also improved through. worst scenarios that could sacrifice quality
construction management by minimizing and safety and to prepare appropriate plans
A well-thought-out schedule to respond to consequences.
chances and accidents. management plan that identifies critical
In the 1950s, two mathematical models paths and provides a means to monitor Good tips
— the Critical Path Method and the major progress takes a lot of coordination • Avoid delayed delivery of equipment and
and justification. The material. This type of delay is the night-
anticipated schedule needs mare that can cause a domino effect on
to be emphasized at the construction progress.
pre-award meeting. At the • Consider owner-provided equipment or
premobilization meeting, special material that could accelerate the
the critical paths need to be construction schedule.
re-illustrated if delay of the
• Remember that a schedule that cannot
construction award could
be implemented is not a useful schedule.
impact the progress.
Meeting the schedule is all team mem-
It is the project manager’s bers’ commitment. Progress meetings
job to follow the construction provide the best opportunity to discuss
progress. Short-and-sweet the outlook on meeting the milestones.
meetings to coordinate field • Pay attention to technology improve-
work to meet the critical ments when managing a long-duration
milestones need to be held construction job. Technology, especially
Graphic by Suchen Chien, New Orleans District periodically. Concentration, means and methods, could provide ➤
18 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Fort Bliss energy savings project nearly complete
by Debra Valine
n Energy Savings Performance insulation, solar thermal
Contract project started in January systems, a solar cooling and
2009 at Fort Bliss, Texas, is nearing solar domestic hot water
completion. As of Dec. 1, the project system, and a ground-
was 96 percent finished with an expected mounted solar photovoltaic
completion of Jan. 31. system; and replacing a
The U.S. Army Engineering and reciprocating chiller and
Support Center, Huntsville, the Corps water heating systems.
of Engineers’ ESPC directory of The annual cost savings
expertise, partnered with the Fort Bliss from these improvements is
Directorate of Public Works and Johnson expected to be nearly $1.2
Controls Inc. on the $9.5 million project million.
that encompasses 10 different energy ESPCs provide private-
conservation measures. party financing for energy A parabolic hot water array provides preheated domestic hot water for
the Stafford Dining Hall at Fort Bliss as part of an ESPC project.
“The project will provide various conservation measures
By producing and consuming renewable energy on-site, Fort Bliss also
infrastructure upgrades and energy at Army installations. receives double credit toward Energy Policy Act 2005 goals. Photo
savings improvements,” said Will Irby, The contractor provides courtesy of Jon Crowell, JCI
the Huntsville Center project manager. capital and expertise to
“Huntsville Center works with the make infrastructure energy usage goes,” Curtiss said. “Even with our
contractor and the installation DPW, who improvements on government facilities BRAC [Base Realignment and Closure]
provides quality assurance and quality that significantly reduce Army energy expansion, the savings to our energy bill
control on site.” utilization and costs, and the contractor are evident from the projects we have
The projects include upgrades to maintains the improvements in exchange completed.
energy-efficient lighting and lighting for a portion of the generated savings. “The Fort Bliss DPW is very satisfied
occupancy sensors; replacing 61 electric “The simple payback on the initial with the work being achieved through
motors; upgrading utility monitoring and investment is expected to take about eight this type of energy savings contract,”
control systems; installing thermal wall years,” Irby said. Curtiss said. “The Corps of Engineers,
“ESPC helps us fund important energy- Huntsville, has been very helpful in giving
Acronyms and Abbreviations savings projects through the saving of Fort Bliss DPW the support we need to
DPW Directorate of Public Works energy,” said Gene Curtiss, engineering make this type of contract work smoothly
ESPC Energy Savings Performance Contract technician with the Fort Bliss DPW’s and efficiently. The work done by the
Buildings Operation and Command energy savings contractor has been well
Center. “Projects that normally might be coordinated, and we at Fort Bliss are very
(continued from previous page) hard to fund otherwise can be done with happy with the quality of the equipment
this type of contract. This gives Fort Bliss and the workmanship delivered with this
out-of-the-box solutions to accelerate product.
DPW a future path and direction on what
the construction progress.
works and may not work for our future “Huntsville COE [Corps of Engineers]
There is no doubt that schedule goals on energy-savings projects. Many was and is the center of excellence in
management is the key to construction of the projects are just starting points on ESPC; I don’t know where else we would
management success. The project which Fort Bliss can build a much bigger go,” Curtiss said.
manager should pay extreme attention platform in the future as well.”
to complying with the schedule when POC is Will Irby, 256-895-1337, william.f.irby@
managing a construction project. ESPC is a valuable tool available to
installation DPWs as they strive to meet
POC is T. (Jerry) Shih, 504-862-2423, Tzenge- federal energy reduction goals of 30 percent Debra Valine is the chief, Public Affairs, U.S. Army
Huey.Shih@usarmy.ace.mil. energy and 15 percent water reduction by Engineering and Support Center, Huntsville.
T. (Jerry) Shih, Ph.D., P.E., is a civil engineer,
New Orleans District, U.S. Army Corps of “We are seeing dramatic changes in
Engineers. the affected buildings as far as energy
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 19
Heat is on at arctic air base
by JoAnne Castagna
ithin the Arctic Circle, among Thule Air Base — “Two Lee,” as it is To make room, an extension was built
icebergs and glaciers, inside known — is a 254-square-mile base in a onto the M-Plant. The two steam plants
a fortress at Thule Air Base, coastal valley of Greenland’s northwestern will serve as an emergency backup heating
Greenland, U.S. Air Force men and corner. The base is the United States’ source.
women lock their eyes on computer radar northernmost military installation, and it is This consolidation will save the base
screens. They use large, powerful radars to nestled between mountains and surrounded about 1.6 million gallons of fuel annually.
track foreign military rockets and missiles by icebergs and glaciers as far as the eye
and are able to communicate directly with can see. Two boilers were installed this past
the White House the moment a threat is summer, and two more will be installed
detected. New energy-efficient heating system next summer. The new exhaust gas boilers
The base’s heating system boilers were are connected to the M-Plant’s existing
This capability is one of several critical five 12-cylinder Cooper-Bessemer diesel
either no longer operational or operating
missions being performed daily for engines that drive five large generators,
very inefficiently. Recoverable heat
America’s national security at Thule Air each rated at 3,000 kilowatts. Each diesel
from the system was being lost to the
Base. The base is home to hundreds of runs on jet fuel.
atmosphere, and a considerable amount of
active-duty U.S. Air Force personnel and
fuel was being consumed to make up for These large engines produce an
American, Danish and Greenlandic civilian
this loss. The boilers needed to be replaced abundance of exhaust fumes at a
and upgraded to make the heating system temperature of 700-840 F.
For decades, under extreme arctic more energy efficient.
conditions, the U.S. Army Corps of “The diesel engines that drive these
The Corps, at the request of the generators are very much like those found
Engineers, New York District, has
Air Force, designed the system and is in today’s vehicles, only much larger and
constructed facilities for the base in support
performing the work with Denmark-based stationary,” said Robert Philbrick, Air
of the Air Force’s missions, including
contractor GC/MTHøjgaard. Force team leader for New York District.
aircraft runways, dormitories and medical
centers. The new system is expected to save $3 “They convert fuel oil into mechanical
million annually in energy and fuel costs, energy to turn the electric generators,
Most recently, the Corps improved the
according to Stella Marco, New York instead of turning vehicle wheels,”
base’s heating system by replacing outdated
District’s project manager. Philbrick said. “The exhaust fumes from
and inefficient boilers with energy-efficient
exhaust gas boilers that will save the Air Before this project began, the base’s these engines are usually released directly
Force and taxpayers millions of dollars in heating system consisted of three structures to the atmosphere via an exhaust pipe.
fuel costs. that included the “M-Plant,” which “The new boilers the Army Corps
provided electricity is installing are energy efficient and
and some steam, economically feasible, because they’re
and two steam plant taking these exhaust fumes to create steam
facilities that provided that can be used for heating and hot water
steam for heating throughout the base. The old boilers, due
and hot water. All of to their age and disrepair, wasted the fumes
these buildings used a to the atmosphere,” added Philbrick.
considerable amount The exhaust fumes will now be led
of fuel to run engines into the exhaust gas boilers by pipes. An
and boilers. exhaust gas boiler is a large cylinder that
The Corps is is filled with water; tubes or pipes that
removing the old run from end to end of the cylinder are
boilers and installing submerged in the water. The fumes enter
four new exhaust the boiler’s tubes and heat the water,
gas boilers in the converting it to steam, which leaves the
M-Plant, which will boiler at about 330 F.
consolidate all steam This steam is then piped to all of the
The generators in the M-Plant deliver power for heating and hot water at production under base’s buildings, where it enters a heat
Thule Air Base. Photos by JoAnne Castagna the M-Plant’s roof. exchanger and creates hot water. The ➤
20 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
(continued from previous page) Shipped-in building materials include
prefabricated parts that enable workers to
hot water flows through the building’s
perform construction rapidly.
radiators and heats the rooms.
In addition to having a short
Arctic construction construction window, workers must deal
Construction in an arctic environment with permafrost — permanently frozen
can be challenging. Severe weather and ground — ranging from 6 to 1,600 feet
limited daylight require the use of unique in depth. Because of permafrost, most
building techniques and fast-paced structures have to be elevated one meter
construction. above the ground, including the M-Plant
Construction is limited to May through building extension.
October, because there is sufficient “If buildings are not constructed off of
sunlight, and temperatures are bearable to the ground, the heat from the building
work in. Temperatures can reach 40 F, and can melt the permafrost, making the
there is 24 hours of sunlight from June ground unstable and causing buildings
through August. to sink,” said Paul Jalowski, New York
During the remainder of the year, there District’s resident engineer.
are severe storms and temperatures can Buildings are constructed using spread
drop as low as minus 30 F. There is also 24 footings, which go down about 10 feet,
hours of darkness from November through and concrete columns that support the
February. floor system above the ground.
It is also only during the summer that In the case of the M-Plant building
shipments of building materials and fuel extension, the building’s flooring was Frigid Thule Air Base sits on Greenland’s Northwest
coast. Graphic courtesy of JoAnne Castagna
can be received. Greenland is locked in by also insulated to prevent heat from the
ice nine months of the year, but during the building or its equipment, such as the
fuel costs will no longer take as big a bite
summer, the ice in the shipping lanes can boilers, from heating the permafrost.
out of the U.S. Air Force budget.
be broken up to allow supply ships into The base’s steam and electrical piping
port. conduits also run above ground for the POC is JoAnne Castagna, 917-790-8219, joanne.
same reason. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Thule JoAnne Castagna, Ed.D., is a technical writer-
Air Base is editor, New York District, U.S. Army Corps of
now in the Engineers.
throes of its
frostbite in If you have an interesting
less than a story to tell
the base is submit it via e-mail to the editor at:
from its email@example.com
efficient and you may be in our next issue.
New York District Commander Col. John R. Boulé discusses the project with district heating
employees Robert Philbrick and Lucia Gamba in front of one of several newly constructed system, and
exhaust gas boilers the Corps built at Thule Air Base.
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 21
At Fort Leonard Wood, Prime Power School completed
by Amy Phillips and Diana McCoy
he Kansas City District of the U.S. conference rooms, classrooms, instruction Acronyms and Abbreviations
Army Corps of Engineers completed laboratories, an auditorium, equipment ECI early contractor involvement
a $30 million state-of-the-art school training areas and outdoor equipment LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental
and handed it over to the 249th Engineer testing areas. The first class of Soldiers Design
Battalion (Prime Power) during a ribbon- began in January. USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
cutting ceremony at Fort Leonard Wood, “Since the Engineer School is already at USGBC U.S. Green Building Council
Mo., Nov. 22. The facility will house the Fort Leonard Wood, it only makes sense to
U.S. Army Prime Power School, which certification. The facility uses a number
bring the Prime Power School here,” said
moved from Fort Belvoir, Va., under the of high-tech systems to conserve energy.
Command Sgt. Maj. Micheal Buxbaum,
2005 Base Realignment and Closure It has highly reflective roofing material
the USACE command sergeant major. “It’s
program. that minimizes heat infiltration. Sensors
part of the natural progression.”
in the rooms detect both motion and
The building is a unique school for a Mark French, Kansas City District’s natural light, and conserve energy by
unique unit. The 249th Engineer Battalion project engineer, said he was honored to automatically adjusting the amount of
is the only prime power production unit build for the Corps. artificial light depending on whether the
in the U.S. Army and the only active-
“It’s unusual to build for ourselves,” room is occupied and how much natural
duty unit assigned to the U.S. Army
French said. “We’re proud to turn it over light is present. Ninety-two percent of the
Corps of Engineers. Its Soldiers generate
to Fort Leonard Wood and the 249th construction waste was recycled.
commercial-grade electricity from 600 volts
up to 69,000 volts at up to 3.2 megawatts. Engineer Battalion.” Even though the facility is certified
They provide this electricity to military Construction began in February 2009. LEED Silver, initial feedback from the
installations and federal relief organizations Kansas City District used the early USGBC indicates that it should be LEED
during operations ranging from training to contractor involvement delivery method Gold, Lynch said.
disasters to war. due to tight budget constraints. The district “This training facility has set a new
The battalion’s Soldiers hold the 12P has been a champion of the ECI method standard for environmental stewardship
military occupation specialty — 12 for the because it provides flexibility and allows and is on track to be the first certified
engineer branch and P for prime power, incorporation of lessons learned throughout LEED Gold facility ever built at Fort
and the Prime Power School is the only the duration of the project. Leonard Wood,” said Maj. Gen. Merdith
school that trains this specialty. “Initially, we didn’t have the money to “Bo” Temple, deputy commander of
fund the project,” said Travis Lynch, one USACE.
The 77,000-square-foot facility replaces
a World War II-era warehouse at Fort of the district’s resident engineers at Fort Maj. Gen. David Quantock,
Belvoir that had been converted for the Leonard Wood. “Thanks to ECI, we were commanding general for the Maneuver
Prime Power School. The new schoolhouse able to make changes in the design to get Support Center of Excellence and Fort
encompasses administrative offices, the project under budget.” Leonard Wood, officially accepted the new
The contractor, Prime Power School.
JE Dunn, did an “I can’t tell you how excited we are to
outstanding job have this great facility and this great team
performing under at Fort Leonard Wood,” Quantock said.
tight constrictions “Just a few days ago, we cut the ribbon on
and keeping the one of our star bases, and today, we cut the
project on schedule, ribbon of a state-of-the-art prime power
French said. facility. It seems like every week the skyline
The U.S. Green is changing here, and we’re very proud to
Building Council be part of this rapid change.”
gave the Prime
Power School POC is the Public Affairs Office, Kansas City
a Leadership District, USACE, 816- 389-3486,dll-nwk-pa@
in Energy and usace.army.mil.
The new U.S. Army Prime Power School at Fort Leonard Wood, Mo., is ready for Environmental Amy Phillips and Diana McCoy are public affairs
Soldier students. Photo by Robert “Brandon” Tobias Design Silver specialists, Kansas City District, USACE.
22 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Schofield Barracks prepares for major cantonment addition
by Robert Musgrove
.S. Army Garrison Hawaii is immediately surrounding Schofield Acronyms and Abbreviations
gearing up for the first major Barracks became available. BOF brigade or battalion operating facility
enlargement of the Schofield Although the site contains a deep COF company operating facility
Barracks cantonment in recent history. As ravine and two small streams, almost 80 TEMF tactical equipment maintenance facility
a result of the Grow the Army initiative, percent of the site is relatively flat with an USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
the existing cantonment area was found to average slope of less than 5 percent. This USAG U.S. Army Garrison
be too small to accommodate the standard land provides an excellent opportunity
design facilities for all required units. to construct Army standard design About 30 percent of the site will be
The area known as the South Range, tactical equipment maintenance facilities, developed in this first phase.
immediately south of the old boundary, organization parking, brigade and battalion USAG Hawaii secured permission
was identified as meeting the needs of the operating facilities and company operating from the adjacent landowner to provide
Grow the Army force. The roughly 200 facilities. temporary access to the public highway.
acres had been purchased by the Army Before any occupied structure can The temporary road will facilitate
with the intent of developing additional be developed, a new system of roads construction and allow much of the heavy
training lands. and utilities must be constructed. The construction vehicles and work to take
Work to develop the training lands initial phase of development will include place without impact to the residents of
was stalled by issues regarding the construction of a new access road to Schofield Barracks.
environmental impact study. Before the site Schofield Barracks as well as all utility The major hurdles of the first phase
could be fully developed for training, the infrastructure needs. include three separate crossings of the
Grow the Army initiative presented a more Water, sewer, electrical, data streams, a wastewater collection system
pressing need for the land. communications and storm drainage with a pump station and force main that
This site had been agricultural lands, requirements to serve all immediate needs must connect to the Schofield Wastewater
used for many generations as pineapple as well as anticipated future growth will be Treatment Center, a million-gallon
fields. As the pineapple industry provided. water storage tank, and coordination and
diminished and left Hawaii, the lands management of construction as the vertical
structures are built at the same time as
the site and infrastructure utilities are
Upon completion of these projects,
several miles of new roads, sidewalks and
infrastructure will be installed, as well
as two new battalion headquarters, two
brigade headquarters, three TEMFs and
associated support structures.
USACE hopes to award a single
design-build contract for this work soon.
USAG Hawaii anticipates occupancy
within four years, relieving a major
shortage of TEMFs, BOFs and COFs
for its Soldiers.
POC is Bob Musgrove, 808-656-2446,
Robert Musgrove is an architect, Master
Planning Division, Directorate of Public Works,
This plan shows the development of the South Range addition to Schofield Barracks. Graphic by Robert Musgrove
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST •JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 23
At Joint Base Lewis-McChord, going for gold
by Andrea Takash
lchemists of old spent lifetimes The LEED process starts at the Acronyms and Abbreviations
trying to change lead into gold. beginning of the design phase with a score JB Joint Base
Today, the U.S. Army Corps of card that identifies the building features LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental
Engineers transforms buildings into gold in that the team can count toward LEED Design
just one year. The buildings, located at Joint certification points. It takes 33 LEED USGBC U.S. Green Building Council
Base Lewis-McChord, Wash., will achieve points to achieve a Silver rating and 39 for
environmentally friendly features that
Gold certification under Leadership in Gold.
benefit patients and staff and support JB
Energy and Environmental Design. “Most Military Construction projects Lewis-McCord Installation Sustainability
The Corps of Engineers, Seattle District, are design-build, which is performance Program, said Chuck Cole, project
serves as one of the many champions based,” Fiess said. “So typically, the manager for Madigan Army Medical
in the Department of Army striving contractor makes the decision on which Center’s Facilities Management Division.
for sustainable solutions in Military LEED features to pursue. In the first
The team used innovation when it came
Construction projects. Military Transformation RFPs [request for
time to finding LEED features for the
The LEED green building certification proposals] there were only two required
clinic. For example, the focus on patient
program is an internationally recognized credits: 50 percent waste diverted from
care made indoor air quality important.
system for providing third-party landfills and 30 percent energy savings
required under the Federal Energy Policy “The designer, Korte, got an exemplary
verification that a building or community
Act of 2005. The Military Transformation point for the ultraviolet germicide
was designed and built using strategies
RFPs have recently been updated to eradication system, which prevents mold
aimed at improving performance across
include additional federally mandated and kills germs,” said Richard Sanchez,
all the metrics, including energy savings,
sustainability requirements.” Seattle District project engineer and
water efficiency, carbon dioxide emissions
LEED green associate.
reduction, improved indoor environmental Despite the fact that contracts hold
quality and stewardship of resources, no real incentives for going above the Energy efficiency also played a big role
according to the U.S. Green Building minimum requirements, more LEED in construction — both on the outside and
Council’s website. features are being added to buildings, Fiess the inside of the building.
In July, the Department of Army said. “In addition to the white membrane
established a policy that requires all “In the Pacific Northwest, it is easy on the roof reflecting heat away from the
Military Construction projects, starting to target LEED Silver because of the building, the brick walls absorb heat or
with fiscal year 2013, to obtain LEED sustainable culture, available materials cold to stabilize in the middle of the brick,
Silver certification. Prior to July, Army and manageable weather climate,” Fiess making for a natural temperature control.”
projects were required to meet LEED said. “This area is a good example of what Sanchez said. “A building’s skin that does
Silver requirements, but only a small USGBC calls ‘market transformation.’ ” not lose or gain heat significantly is ➤
percentage were required to pursue actual
certification, which adds cost to the project. Medical,
Seattle District built two JB Lewis-
McCord projects that achieved LEED
certification. The fiscal year 2004 barracks
earned Silver certification, and a child
development center attained Gold.
“Several more projects are on track clinics are on
to achieve LEED certification,” said track to achieve
Jeanette Fiess, Seattle District’s acting LEED Gold
chief, Specifications and Technical Review, certification.
and LEED accredited professional. “We
recently submitted five Seattle District
projects to USGBC for review. It can
take three to six months to complete the The new tactical equipment maintenance facility at JBLM features transpired solar
certification process.” collectors, which contribute to the building’s energy efficiency. Photo courtesy of Belay
24 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
(continued from previous page) needs for the 42,094-square-foot clinic.” using World War II buildings that have
marginal heat. Now, they are moving to a
one part of the definition of sustainable.” Tactical equipment maintenance building with heated floors.”
Even though the materials provide some facility
The team also diverted 89 percent of the
natural heating and cooling, the building As a giant service garage, this building
construction debris to a recycle center.
requires mechanical equipment. type presented unique challenges for the
“The clinic’s heat exchanger system is team to obtain LEED credits. But team Why include LEED features?
approximately one-third more efficient members overcame obstacles and received LEED certification costs range from
than a normal system. It is more expensive 45 LEED points. $2,000 to $20,000 depending on the
but very efficient,” Sanchez said. “The building site used to be a military square footage of the building. This
With an addition to the clinic now training range and was classified as a amount doesn’t include the added costs
under construction, the project team found brownfield,” said Matt Nolan, project for more expensive products, such as
even more ways to provide sustainable manager for Belay Architecture LLC paint without volatile organic compounds,
elements. and LEED accredited professional. “The environmentally friendly flooring products
project claimed one point for this feature.” and solar materials, to name a few.
“The addition includes a solar feature to
preheat the water,” Sanchez said. “When In addition to efficient land use, this So, why does the Army want to invest in
the addition is completed in 2011, solar Center of Standardization design uses 41.2 LEED features?
will meet 40 percent of all the hot-water percent less energy than a similar building “There are several key benefits to using
would. LEED features,” Fiess said. “The energy
“On the south-side and water savings provide a large return
of the building, we on investment. Various products, proper
used transpired solar ventilation and natural lighting make for a
collectors, which preheat healthier work environment, which equates
the outside air before to more productive employees. The local
reaching the ventilation economy also benefits from contractors
system,” Nolan said. “It buying local materials.”
allows us to get free heat
from the sun.” Certification update
On the five projects submitted to
USGBC, Seattle District received word
in December that the Jackson Avenue
provides 100 percent
Barracks project attained LEED Silver, and
fresh air, making
the tactical equipment maintenance facility
a healthier work
achieved LEED Gold.
environment, said Dave
Burch, Seattle District Projects pending certification are the
quality assurance Fiscal Year 2008 Railroad Upgrade, which
representative. is tracking to Silver; the Nisqually Medical
and Fulton Dental clinics, tracking to
The radiant floor
Gold; and the Fiscal Year 2008 Indoor
and heat recovery
Baffle Range, tracking to Silver.
also afford energy
efficiency and comfort POC is Andrea Takash, 206-764-3464,
for the Soldiers. A firstname.lastname@example.org.
recent visit from future
occupants showcased Andrea Takash is a public affairs specialist,
the importance of this Seattle District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
The Nisqually Medical and Fulton Dental clinics’ grounds at JBLM contain “The military officers
four rain gardens, which control water pollution on the site. Photo by Andrea were impressed,” Burch
said. “They are currently
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 25
At Natick, master planners energize net-zero future
by Benjamin M. Skinner
team of master planners at the U.S. anticipated energy savings and determine Acronyms and Abbreviations
Army Corps of Engineers’ Savannah that the project should be able to pay for FY fiscal year
District completed a unique itself in fewer than 10 years of energy cost GIS geographic information system
assignment related to energy production. savings alone. USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
The project, located at U.S. Army Garrison USAG U.S. Army Garrison
Natick, Mass., called for converting an Army goals
existing central energy plant to a modern With this project, the Savannah District
trigeneration plant, saving the installation is helping USAG Natick’s Soldier System
millions of dollars in energy cost each year. Center lead the charge toward the Army’s
goal for net-zero infrastructures on all
Environmental benefits installations by 2030. In this case, “net-
From one energy source, a trigeneration zero” means that the installation creates as
plant can produce three forms of energy — much energy as it uses.
hot water, chilled water for air conditioning This project is required for USAG
and electrical power. It can produce an Natick to meet the goals of the Energy
up-to-50-percent more efficient system Independence and Security Act of 2007
than cogeneration. and Executive Order 13423. Both mandate
Although trigeneration does not fall into that federal facilities reduce energy Ben Skinner (left), Will Spence (center) and Tyrone
the renewable energy category, it does have consumption by 30 percent by fiscal year Williams (right), Savannah District master
planners, review plans in preparation for a charrette
many environmental benefits: 2015. These measures further require that for a trigeneration power plant at USAG Natick,
• 15 percent reduction in nitrogen oxide, fossil fuel energy consumption be reduced Mass. Photo by George Jumara
in federal buildings by 65 percent by FY
• 35 percent reduction in fuel of unique skills enabling the team to meet
2015 and by 100 percent by FY 2030.
consumption, the needs of Savannah District’s military
• 45 percent reduction in carbon dioxide, By drastically cutting its energy customers, said Charlie McGee, chief of
and consumption, the installation saves Master Planning.
money, helps the environment and sets
• 100 percent reduction in sulfur dioxide. These services encompass:
an outstanding precedent for other
The USAG Natick trigeneration plant installations to follow. • installation status reports,
will use a loop distribution system of • space utilization studies,
piping throughout the installation for Specialized services
• special facilities,
heating and cooling buildings. The system The trigeneration project is just one
will consist of warm and chilled water example of the planning services provided • infrastructure or engineering studies,
lines, which are much more efficient by the Savannah District, which has one of • privatization studies,
than hot-water or steam lines. Also, the the few in-house military master planning • area development plans,
electricity produced from the new plant teams in USACE. Savannah District’s • historic structure studies,
will be able to cover the baseline electrical master planning team recently helped Fort • force protection studies,
consumption for the entire installation. Gordon, Ga., and Fort Benning, Ga., get
• project site planning and alternative sit-
The Savannah District master planning started on their net-zero initiatives by
team completed a planning charrette completing geothermal ground source heat
transfer system charrettes. • integrated facilities systems,
to determine the facility requirements,
prepared programming documents for The team specializes in a wide array of • assigned stationing and installation plans,
construction funding and created an planning services in its geographic area • Real Property Planning and Analysis
economic analysis. and also at other installations inside and System,
The team had to draw from their unique outside the continental United States. • Facilities Planning System,
skill sets to develop a comprehensive Project locations outside its region range • real property master planning, and
economic analysis. Due to the advanced from Washington, D.C., to California and • construction programming support.
capabilities of the trigeneration plant, from Afghanistan to South Korea.
the team was able to compare previous Making projects a reality
The team is made up of a diverse group
billing cycles from the installation against of individuals, each with his or her own set The team specializes in DD Form
1391 development. This process ➤
26 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
At Military Ocean Terminal, Concord, applying subsurface utility
by Mike Haskell and Thomas X. Sobolewski
his nation’s military facilities have design and relocation design, and plotting Acronyms and Abbreviations
been burying utilities for more than of utilities from records. It has four quality ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers
100 years. All military branches levels: EM electromagnetic induction
are making additions and altering utilities Quality Level D: GIS geographic information system
daily to keep up with the demand at each • Research records and information MOTCO Military Ocean Terminal, Concord
facility. Military Ocean Terminal, Concord, QA/QC quality assurance and quality control
• Collect records
Calif., is no different. MOTCO’s utility SDSFIE Spatial Data Standards for Facilities,
systems not only serve the facility, their • Review records Infrastructure and Environment
location is critical to future construction • Include aerial or ground-mounted SUE Subsurface Utility Engineering process
projects. facilities USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Last March, the U. S. Army Corps of • Compile and presentation data • Correlate, interpret and present data
Engineers, Sacramento District, was given Quality Level C: • Resolve discrepancies
the mission of locating three main utility • Include Level D quality assurance and
Quality Level A:
systems within MOTCO’s boundary. The control tasks
• Include Level B QA/QC tasks
task was to accurately, within a certain • Identify surface utility features
degree, map the existing water, storm-drain • Select test locations
• Include aerial or ground-mounted
and wastewater systems. • Select method
For the job, Sacramento District used • Comply with ASCE requirements
• Survey facilities
the Standard Guideline for the Collection • Excavate test holes
• Correlate, interpret and present data
and Depiction of Existing Subsurface Utility At MOTCO, the first phase was to
• Resolve discrepancies
Data of the American Society of Civil perform Quality Level D and C surveys on
Engineers. The district employed the Quality Level B: the water, storm and wastewater systems.
Subsurface Utility Engineering process. • Include Level C QA/QC tasks Level D data were derived from existing
• Detect and mark lines records, such as as-built or as-designed
SUE combines traditional engineering
practices, such as record research, utility • Perform field surveys drawings and maintenance logs, along with
(continued from previous page) Center of Standardizations plays in your Savannah District can help installations
consists of an intense three- to five-day project to ensure that all standards are with their mapping needs through its
planning charrette workshop, led by the met.” in-house GIS team and its indefinite-
in-house team of specialists and aimed at As green energy and sustainable delivery, indefinite-quantity contracts. It
creating a clear vision of the project needs. design use grow in importance, the also provides enterprise GIS development,
Through a comprehensive yet streamlined team adapts products to comply with field surveys and map updates.
process of interviews with the users, the the Army’s sustainable design policy “Whether it’s the trigeneration plant
Directorate of Public Works, the force and implementation requirements. The at USAG Natick, a barracks complex
protection representative and numerous team also ensures all of its projects meet at a nearby installation or planning
other players, the team determines all Leadership in Energy and Environmental and scoping of facilities to support the
requirements necessary to make the Design Silver qualifications. Deliverables Afghanistan National Police, we stand
project a reality. for the planning charrette include the ready to give our Soldiers and Civilians
“Here in the district, we work alongside completed DD Form 1391, site plan, what they need to carry out their
the cost engineers, which enables us to project definition rating index, project missions,” McGee said.
have the most up-to-date cost information résumé and charrette minutes.
POC is Charlie McGee, 912-652-5621,
possible right at our fingertips,” said “We also are your go-to team for
McGee. “We also have a close working staying on top of the ever-changing
relationship with the Savannah District world of technology,” said Scott Benjamin M. Skinner is a landscape architect,
Center of Standardizations. This gives Gobin, geographic information system Master Planning Section, Savannah District,
us a working knowledge of the role the coordinator. USACE.
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 27
(continued from previous page) lift and pump stations, cleanouts, culverts, be not be completed, so a project area was
the maintenance crew’s recollections. The storage basins, hydrants and water values. determined.
county and city public works agencies were Visible attribute information for each In mid-November, the contractor
contacted, however both agencies had little feature was also captured in the GPS in a performed the field location survey and
to no information that was useful for this custom data dictionary set up prior to the leak detection along the waterline using
mission. field survey. Once the feature was captured, electromagnetic induction, also called
To perform Quality Level C work, field it was marked with temporary construction terrain conductivity. EM was the most
survey crews used a handheld GPS with chalk so that it would not be captured cost-effective technique available for this
subfoot accuracy capabilities to capture all twice. phase.
visible features like manholes, storm drains, At the end of the day, data collected The EM method was used to detect
was downloaded and transferred to the and locate both metal objects and zones
Sacramento District office where it was of conductive contamination. It is the only
stored and analyzed. widely available geophysical technique that
Level C does not address utilities for is sensitive to the presence of both ferrous
which there is no visible above ground and nonferrous metal objects.
features, so if there are no records to Ground penetrating radar was also
show utilities in an area, research will used and operates like more familiar radar
not be done in that area. At MOTCO, systems, such as police or weather radar. A
records dating back to the late 1940s were radio frequency signal is transmitted into
comprehensively searched, but the team the earth and reflected back from interfaces
still advised MOTCO to use caution when in the path of the signal at which changes
employing Level C data. in the electrical properties of the subsurface
Next, missing data and areas of concern materials occur. Ground penetrating
were mapped out and revisited in the field. radar provides a continuous profile of
After many field checks, review of previous the subsurface and is commonly used in
records and meetings with maintenance conjunction with EM techniques.
crews, the data was put into a geodatabase Using these methods, the waterlines
compliant with Spatial Data Standards for within the project area were located, and
Facilities, Infrastructure and Environment. it was determined that there were no leaks
Phase two consisted of Quality Level along those lines. Data was provided in
A survey crew member uses a handheld GPS device a SDSFIE-compliant database and was
to record a feature. Photos by Mike Haskell B work to map with greater accuracy
MOTCO’s main waterlines and detect any submitted to USACE for review.
leaks along those The accurate SUE information that
lines. Due to the MOTOC now has will allow designers
sensitive nature of to make early revisions that can eliminate
the area, Quality many utility conflicts in their designs.
Level A, which is Reducing the number of utility conflicts
the most accurate will help lower project costs and increase
method, was not project safety.
POC is Mike Haskell, 916-557-5194, Michael.
in SUE methods Mike Haskell is a geographic information system
was brought in to specialist, and Thomas X. Sobolewski is chief, GIS
perform the work. and Mapping Section, Sacramento District,
Due to budget USACE.
entire facility could
Drains and culverts are visible features that aid survey crews.
28 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Fort Hunter Liggett plans for a revived installation
by Cyndi Skinner and Mark Gillem
ntil very recently, Fort Hunter to its relation to other structures,
Liggett, Calif., was a planning functionality or available utilities.
blank slate. With very few buildings A comprehensive master plan was
and minimal existing infrastructure, the clearly needed.
post’s master plan was a mere adjunct to
Fort Ord’s document. Most work at the installation is
funded by the Reserves. This situation,
Fort Hunter Liggett, an Installation along with quickly shrinking budgets,
Management Command installation with made funding a full master plan a
a Reserve mission, supports training for all difficult sell. Fort Hunter Liggett’s
services on its extensive ranges and training operating budget goes to fixing aging
areas. Until 2005, it had been considered Development of Fort Hunter Liggett’s Black Hills area
infrastructure, so the approach was to is shown in this rendering. Graphic by The Urban
for closure. Since then, the installation identify essential document elements Collaborative, LLC
has gained importance as a Korea- and as a starting point for funding and
Afghanistan-like training ground. Support hope for the best in the future. being developed belongs to those who
facilities and the attendant staffing participated in the workshops, not just the
were urgently needed. The first position Fortunately, this effort has the ear
Master Planning Division. And woe to
identified as a requirement for moving and understanding of the installation
those who attempt something contrary to
forward was chief of Master Planning. commander. Unfunded requirements were
ready to execute, and when enough year-
Earlier planning efforts were sufficient end funding became available to cover the While not yet completed, the plan
for the times, but when the training initial work, the master planning process already provides construction guidance
mission ramped up, inordinate pressure was off and running. for future development. Several training
was placed on the few existing facilities support facilities have been placed within
and amenities. The earlier documents The master planning project, sponsored
a previously undeveloped area using the
had proposed some training-related by Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps
planning document as a guide. In the long
construction, but these facilities were of Engineers, is focused on training
term, the framework plan and form-based
limited in size and function and never installation personnel in master planning.
code adopted in the plan will provide
came to fruition. Participants in the workshops write the
continuing direction for effectively and
planning vision, develop design principles,
To provide basic offices and classrooms efficiently developing the remaining real
analyze the site, prepare plan alternatives
for arriving tenant commands, several estate so that it is compact and more easily
and detail a preferred alternative. The effort
temporary facilities were constructed. accessible.
is hands-on and highly engaging.
As is typical in a planning vacuum, this Compactness increases capacity and
new construction was placed wherever it The first workshops were such a success
decreases costs, rare commodities on most
was deemed convenient with little regard that finding money for the remaining
installations. That expanded capacity assists
pieces was less challenging.
in better managing and controlling future
Participants saw the value
development. At Fort Hunter Liggett,
that planning brought, and
the planning team identified room for 2.2
when budget is discussed,
million square feet of development within
funding planning is often
the cantonment area.
one of the first issues
addressed. The Army is placing increased emphasis
on energy efficiency, and master planning
Planning, by its nature,
plays a key role in assisting installations to
engages people from
meet energy goals. Fort Hunter Liggett’s
various backgrounds and
compact development will allow for easy
disciplines. When people
walks to a variety of destinations and
know their input is valued,
reduce utility connections to facilities that
ownership follows. The
are no longer widely dispersed. Buildings
Fort Hunter Liggett
will be oriented to maximize or minimize
model is no different;
Fort Hunter Liggett personnel discuss the post’s future at a planning heat from the sun or shade from nearby
workshop. Photo by Mark Gillem the plan that is currently
trees and landscaping. Emerging ➤
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 29
Hawaii’s privatization initiatives come full circle
by Ann M. Choo Wharton
rom Helemano Military Reservation, experienced by the partnership during the Acronyms and Abbreviations
Hawaii, on the plains above Oahu’s transition to privatization, it is gratifying to IPC Island Palm Communities
famed North Shore, to Fort Shafter, see how much this public-private venture
scope is complete, which means there is
headquarters for the U.S. Army Pacific has accomplished.
still a sizeable amount of work to be done.
Command, in the heart of Honolulu, The shared vision to do what is right
Island Palm Communities has provided “We have hundreds of trades on our
for Soldiers and their Families has brought
thousands of new and renovated homes, construction sites each day helping us
together leadership from the Army, Actus
dozens of tot lots and parks, and dozens deliver on our promise to Families,” said
Lend Lease and the local Residential
of community centers and recreational Mark Frey, IPC deputy project director.
Communities Initiative team to successfully
amenities for more than 7,000 military “In 2011, we’ll build 411 new homes and
deliver on their promise to Soldiers.
Families who call Hawaii home. renovate 324 historic homes. At year’s end,
“When I drive through a community nearly 70 percent of our planned 5,388 new
To date, 3,294 new homes have been and see Families strolling through homes and 55 percent of 2,515 historic
constructed, and 1,055 homes have been neighborhoods and friends gathering at renovations will be complete.”
renovated. And, more are on the way. A lot a community center or under a gazebo
more. In addition to homes, the sixth of
in one of our parks, that’s when our
eight planned community centers will be
It has been six years since the Army achievements really hit home,” said Col.
completed in early 2011.
entered into a partnership with developer Douglas Mulbury, commander, U.S. Army
Actus Lend Lease to form one of the Garrison Hawaii. “We set out to provide Located at Wheeler Army Airfield, the
largest Military Housing Privatization Families with a community they would be Wheeler Community Center will be the
Initiatives: Island Palm Communities. proud to be part of, a place where they can second facility to feature a swimming pool.
find a network of friends and services to It will also feature a tot lot, a fitness center,
Reflecting on the condition of Army
meet their needs, and a place they want to a movie theater and a large multipurpose
Family housing in 2004 and the challenges
call home, even if just room with a complete kitchen facility.
for a few years. As with all the community centers,
“I look around, and property management staff will provide
there is no doubt we a full range of property and community
are well on our way to services to the 600-plus families living in
accomplishing what we the Wheeler community.
set out to do,” he added. IPC will wrap-up construction and
Mulbury, who renovation in 2015. At end-state, it will
assumed command last have 7,894 homes.
summer, has provided
valuable leadership POC is Ann M. Choo Wharton, 808-275-3177,
to help ensure the email@example.com; or Mark Brown,
momentum generated media specialist, IPC, 808-275-3174, mbrown@
Possibly one of the most sustainable neighborhoods built on an Army by the partnership is ipchawaii.com.
installation, Fort Shafter’s Simpson Wisser neighborhood is part of the sustained. Just more
U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Ann M. Choo Wharton is communications
Design for Neighborhood Development pilot, which will help establish the than half the $2.5 billion director, IPC.
first national green ratings for neighborhood development. Photo by Mark initial development
(continued from previous page) team. This collaborative approach is urbancollaborative.com.
essential in a process as complicated as
energy- and water-saving technologies Cyndi Skinner, AICP, is the chief, Master
master planning. Together, installation
that use rooftops, car parks, exterior walls Planning Division, Fort Hunter Liggett. Mark L.
staff can create plans that meet today’s
and water catchment systems will be used. Gillem, Ph.D., AIA, AICP, a University of Oregon
needs and leave room for tomorrow’s associate professor and The Urban Collaborative
Planners at Fort Hunter Liggett have unknown missions.
learned that empowering installation staff LLC principal, is a consultant for the Master
Planning Team, Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps
members makes them part of the planning POC is Mark Gillem, 510-551-8065, mark@ of Engineers.
30 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
At Fort Hood, Corps rehabilitates joint-use runway
by Ron Harris
n 2009, representatives from the City test results review were
of Killeen, Texas, the Federal Aviation performed by personnel
Administration and Fort Hood, Texas, from the Corps’ Central
met to discuss plans to repair or replace the Texas Area Office,
joint-use runway at Fort Hood’s Robert at the request of the
Gray Army Airfield. The joint-use runway Fort Hood Directorate
is one of only a few that are shared and of Public Works and
operated by civilian and military entities. the airfield operations
Due to increased use by both civilian manager.
and military components, the runway The scope of work
had begun to show wear and was in need for the 9,200-linear-
of repair and rehabilitation. Fortunately, foot runway included
the damage was not in the foundation or removing the top two
Workers measure depth after milling operations during rehabilitation of the
substrata but was limited to the wearing inches of existing surface joint-use runway at Fort Hood. Photos by Patrick Spilman, Central Texas
course. course and replacing with Area Office
Officials were told that this type of a high-stability wearing
runway rehabilitation had been done only course designed to
once before in the United States, so there sustain the anticipated
was not much experience on which to military and civilian
draw. traffic. In addition, the
project included all
The highest priority was placed on necessary temporary and
having an active runway during daily final runway painting
business hours. To continue daily training and grooving to allow
and flight operations, a plan was designed for rapid water removal.
to perform all work between midnight and
6 a.m. This requirement was backed by a A critical
$1,000 a minute fine for delayed opening consideration during the
of the runway each day. planning phase was to
ensure that all foreign Runway paving is done at night, so that flight operations can continue
Jacobs Engineering designed the project debris was removed prior during the day.
and incorporated Corps of Engineers’ to opening the runway.
airfield requirements for the asphalt mix This requirement proved complete success and serves as an excellent
design and paving processes. The Corps’ to be a real challenge due to the excess example of what can happen when civilian
Omaha District Transportation Center debris created by milling and hauling and military components work together
of Expertise provided the specific airfield operations. toward a common goal. During project
requirements for design and construction
The additional effort required to construction, several contractors and
maintain a debris-free environment and the engineering firms called the offices of the
Prior to commencing work, Fort Hood punitive penalties related to maintaining involved organizations seeking information
Corps representatives hosted a paving daily operations extended the planned and ideas for similar joint-use runway
workshop to discuss all features of the three-week paving project to about seven projects.
work, from aggregate quality and design weeks. The project is as a model for those
criteria to performance requirements
Despite the challenges, Big Creek desiring to keep airfield operations open
during paving operations.
Construction from Lometa, Texas, while achieving a quality finished project.
Once work began, construction paving completed the task and handed over to
and daily materials testing and inspections the customers a high-quality pavement. POC is Ron Harris, 254-535-6154,
were performed by personnel from both The project was turned over with no Ronald.firstname.lastname@example.org.
Jacobs and PaveTex Engineering and deficiencies. Ron Harris is a supervisory engineering
Testing. All quality assurance inspections
This high-profile American Recovery technician, Central Texas Area Office, U.S. Army
of paving operations, mix design and daily
and Reinvestment Act project was a Corps of Engineers.
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 31
Using PEX piping in renovation projects
by Louis B. Bartels and Nadia Abou-El-Seoud
rmy installations are continually material quantities and associated costs. Acronyms and Abbreviations
faced with the restoration of aging The daily log demonstrated that the PEX DPW Directorate of Public Works
metallic piping systems. Considering refit had a direct cost savings of nearly ITTP Installation Technology Transition Program
the rising price of copper and the difficulty $9,000 over the copper refit. PEX cross-linked polyethylene
of refitting a building with a new copper Labor – Labor data was recorded by
system, using a PEX — cross-linked During the
building, date, labor type and rate. Because
polyethylene — piping system may offer project, it was
the installation of copper piping requires
numerous benefits. also noted
more time due to soldering and the
that the larger
Although PEX is most common in inability to bend or flex around objects, it
residential applications, its use in larger is much more labor intensive. The PEX
of PEX piping
applications where pipe diameters are project required 78 fewer plumber labor
less than two inches is being investigated. hours than the copper project, equating to
were difficult to
PEX piping boasts lower installation a labor savings of $4,637.
and material costs compared to copper. Equipment – Equipment data was sizes had to
In addition, the ease of installation and logged by description, quantity, unit be purchased
potential longer service life of PEX provide of measure, unit cost, and building or PEX piping is installed in
from a variety of conjunction with copper
further benefits. plumbing system. There is not a lot of manufacturers, piping at Fort Campbell.
During fiscal year 2010, under the specialized equipment needed for copper which caused Photo by Louis Bartels
Army’s Installation Technology Transition or PEX piping. However, an equipment delivery delays.
Program, a PEX demonstration project savings of $1,142 was found in PEX’s
Fortunately, PEX and copper can
was conducted at Fort Campbell, Ky. favor.
easily be used together. If larger diameter
The Construction Engineering Research Materials – Materials were documented piping is required, copper can be used as a
Laboratory and the fort’s Directorate of by description, quantity, unit cost, and supplement to a PEX renovation project.
Public Works compared and analyzed PEX building or plumbing system. PEX piping
and copper domestic piping. of less than three-fourths inch diameter Using PEX
The project involved two nearly identical had a substantial material cost savings over The Fort Campbell DPW plumbing
vintage 1954 hammerhead-style barracks. the copper. This lower cost is probably shop has been using PEX pipe and fittings
One barrack was refitted with a traditional because PEX is readily available in smaller for spot repairs since 2009. Plumbing
rigid metallic copper plumbing system, and sizes for residential applications. The larger shop personnel report that using PEX on
the other was fitted with a PEX plumbing diameter PEX pipe, especially the two-inch conventional repairs saves an estimated
system. The goal was to analyze the pipe, was not significantly cheaper than one-third to one-fourth on labor hours as
potential benefits of using PEX in building copper due to the scarcity of those sizes. compared to a repair done with copper.
renovations. The demonstration proved The direct cost savings of PEX materials Factors such as location of the damaged
PEX to be advantageous in cost, labor was $3,220.06 over the copper plumbing pipe and type of materials the shop has on
and materials when compared to the rigid materials. hand determine if PEX is used as a spot
metallic piping most commonly used in repair mechanism for a specific work order.
building renovations. Limitations
Using a PEX plumbing system in
Although there are noticeable cost
a renovation proved to be beneficial
Overall savings advantages with PEX, some limitations
during the Fort Campbell refit project.
Daily data was collected for each should be considered. PEX is available only
Its limitations may have an effect on the
building documenting labor hours by in sizes up to two inches in diameter. The
project scope, but PEX may be a sound
laborer type, equipment required, detailed barracks used in the PEX implementation
choice for piping refit in renovations.
Piping Labor Equipment Material Grand Total
project had existing piping up
System Cost Cost Cost Direct Cost to three inches in diameter prior POC is Louis B. Bartels, 217-373-4542, Louis.
Copper $34,719.75 $4,828.46 $8,865.26 $48,413.47 to the renovation. To maintain a Bartels@usace.army.mil.
PEX $30,082.25 $3,686.24 $5,645.20 $39,413.69 controlled comparison between
copper and PEX, piping larger Louis B. Bartels, P.E., is a civil engineer, and
Comparison of PEX and copper pipe refits at two similar Fort Nadia Abou-El-Seoud is an engineer technician,
Campbell barracks shows a cost savings of nearly $9,000 from than two inches in diameter was
using PEX piping. Chart courtesy of the Office of the Assistant not included in this study. Construction Engineering Research Laboratory.
Chief of Staff for Installation Management
32 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST •JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Potential effects of climate change at Army installations
by Matthew Hiett, Robert Lozar and James Westervelt
he Department of Defense is Erosion potential Acronyms and Abbreviations
concerned that climate change Global climate change will likely CERL Construction Engineering Research
could affect military operations and lead to fluctuations in both annual Laboratory
installation missions. To help determine precipitation and intensity. Studies of CONUS continental United States
when, where or if important changes may precipitation patterns from the 20th DoD Department of Defense
occur, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ ERDC Engineer Research and Development Center
century consistently reaffirm reports from
Engineer Research and Development USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Center has begun to survey likely effects on Change, the leading international body Installations at risk
continental U.S. Army installations. for the assessment of climate change, of For CONUS installations, there are two
The results of the USACE survey focus increasingly variable precipitation with a noticeable clusters of very high risk Army
on projected changes in temperature, bias toward more extreme precipitation installations — the Northeast and the
precipitation, ecosystem shift, erosion events. Northwest. Of those Army installations
potential, and impacts on managing The bulk of research suggests that, deemed “key” due to their considerable
invasive species and threatened and as the global climate changes in this size and importance to the mission, 10 are
endangered species. century, precipitation regimes will become located in areas of “very high” or “high” risk
The goal is to inform Army land increasingly extreme, leading to longer for erosion.
managers and planning personnel about the periods of drought accompanied by an The erosion risk analysis provides a
potential changes in land-use management increase in the percentage of precipitation rank-order of Army installations that
and planning that may occur at their in the form of intense rainfall events. affords a better understanding of one
installations due to climate change. Results The erosion portion of the USACE problem intensified by climate change by
of the erosion portion are summarized study focuses on three primary driving the end of this century. The most useful
below. factors: slope, soil erodibility and projected way to apply this erosion analysis is to use
The study concluded that Army land precipitation intensity due to climate the relative risks among installations to
managers will likely face both climate and change. Slope and soil data represent better target specific sites for detailed study
ecosystem shifts along with exacerbated current conditions at installations, and that will provide more concrete answers
problems in managing threatened, precipitation intensity change represents regarding future erosion risk.
endangered and invasive species. As a result the projected impact of global climate
change on CONUS rainfall patterns. POC is James Westervelt, 217-373-4530,
of these potential changes, the Army and
DoD may be required to develop new The map shows the sum of the three
land management techniques, procedures, input factors and represents the projected Matthew Hiett and Robert Lozar are contractors,
standards and regulations to deal with this risk of erosion across the country at the and James Westervelt is a senior project
shift. end of the 21st century, i.e., 2080-99. manager, ERDC’s Construction Engineering
Research Laboratory, Champaign, Ill.
Key Installations with High or Very High Risk of Erosion
Aberdeen Proving Grounds Military
Reservation, Md. “Very
Fort Knox, Ky. High”
Yakima Firing Center, Wash. Erosion
Camp Atterbury Military Reservation, Potential
Camp Riley Military Reservation, Ore.
Fort Campbell, Ky.
Fort Dix Military Reservation, N.J.
Fort Drum, N.Y.
Fort Leonard Wood Military Potential
This map shows the projected combined effects of three factors used to predict erosion Fort Polk Military Reservation (Pelham
potential at CONUS installations. Graphics courtesy of ERDC-CERL Range), La.
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 33
Inside the barracks requirements black box
by Zeli R. King
rogramming for barracks begins with potential solutions, identified a timeline Acronyms and Abbreviations
accurate requirements. Determining for executing solutions and addressed ASIP Army Stationing and Installation Plan
accurate requirements begins with the unaccompanied personnel housing BRAC Base Realignment and Closure
installations. Those are simple statements, privatization study solutions. HQRPLANS Headquarters Real Property Planning and
but they encompass a complex process. Analysis System
OACSIM convened a team of experts
IMCOM Installation Management Command
History from the Army staff and secretariat, the
OACSIM Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for
surgeon general’s Office of Preventive Installation Management
With the 1994 Government
Medicine and the Office of the Under POM Program Objective Memorandum
Management Reform Act, the Army
Secretary of Defense for Acquisitions, UPH unaccompanied personnel housing
created a systematic program to validate
Technology and Logistics, to develop a
barracks requirements or construct new
holistic barracks program strategy. • Learn from the Navy’s barracks privatiza-
barracks to meet requirements. The
Barracks Modernization Program focused tion efforts.
on construction and modernization of • Continue the Barracks Modernization
In January 2005, the secretary of the
existing facilities to eliminate common area Program.
Army approved the Holistic Barracks
latrines and crowded sleeping quarters. Strategy, which remains the focal point for • Execute the Centralized Barracks Man-
A bigger step was taken in 2005 when the barracks program. The approval ensures agement Program.
Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for adequate living conditions for single The Army’s emphasis on UPH as a
Installation Management leadership asked Soldiers by adopting short-, mid- and quality-of-life issue that affects readiness
the director of the Army staff for funding long-term solutions: and retention is the driving force for a
to repair life, health and safety deficiencies continual barracks investment strategy.
• Provide a common living standard.
in permanent party barracks. OACSIM Since 1994, the Barracks Modernization
• Validate and repair life, health and safety Program investment strategy has been
requested a comprehensive barracks plan,
deficiencies. delayed by Army Transformation, Base
not a temporary fix. A plan, developed
under the Recruiting and Retaining an • Move single staff sergeants Armywide Realignment and Closure and Grow
All Volunteer Force banner, identified an off-post in the United States. the Army initiatives. However, the
acceptable living standard, determined • Focus funding on annual barracks Army continues its commitment to and
how the other services were addressing the sustainment. investment in providing Soldiers with
issue, developed and estimated the cost of the same quality of housing that could be
found off post.
To ensure a successful investment
strategy and obtain adequate funding,
OACSIM must provide the Army
leadership with validated requirements.
Initially, the Army programmed barracks
for 100 percent of single Soldiers in the
ranks of private through sergeant and 50
percent of staff sergeants while subtracting
the actual number of Soldiers in those
ranks adequately housed off post based on
1997 Basic Allowance for Housing data.
This methodology was commonly accepted
by the Installations Program Evaluation
Group before Program Objective
Through the Holistic Barracks Strategy,
staff sergeants were authorized to reside
Graphic by Carl Robinson, OACSIM off post. That alteration, along with ➤
34 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Technology opportunities for installations
by Phil R. Columbus and Kelly M. Dilks
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2011, low temperatures are just a few of the Acronyms and Abbreviations
the Army Technology Standards Group topics in previous Public Works Digest AKO Army Knowledge Online
met in San Antonio with the new chief of articles that resulted from ITTP funding. ITTP Installation Technology Transition Program
the Installation Management Command’s The TSG also evaluates technologies OACSIM Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for
Public Works Division, Gregg Chislett. Installation Management
to determine their feasibility for Army
During this meeting, Chislett learned TSG Technology Standards Group
installation use. Some of these evaluations
of the opportunities for installation result in an Army technology standard.
involvement in testing and evaluting at evaluations done on behalf of another
Others do not meet the technology
technologies for a more sustainable installation.
standards criteria yet have great potential
infrastructure. for supporting sustainability. If you do not have access to AKO,
As a result, Brig. Gen. James Boozer, e-mail email@example.com
Some examples of recent evaluations
director of Operations for the Office of or firstname.lastname@example.org. Provide
are daylighting, photoluminescent exit
the Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation your name, location, issue or technology
signs, cool roofs and synthetic turf. These
Management, and Chislett invite the of interest and whether your installation
evaluations are posted on the Army TSG
installation community to participate is interested in participating in a
website within Army Knowledge Online.
at an enhanced level in the Installation demonstration of the technology.
Technology Transition Program and the To participate in either testing a
TSG’s technology evaluations. technology at your installation or having POC is Phil R. Columbus, 703-602-4278,
the TSG evaluate a technology, visit email@example.com.
The ITTP is a multi-million dollar the Army TSG website within AKO.
program funded each year by OACSIM Phil R. Columbus is a general engineer, Facilities
You must request access to the site; all
to demonstrate technologies on Army Policy Division, OACSIM; and Kelly M. Dilks is a
Army federal employees are approved
installations. Sustainment management geographer assigned as a technical advisor to
automatically. With access, you can
systems, a thermo-composite plastic bridge OACSIM from the Construction Engineering
see all past and current ITTP projects,
and add-mixtures for curing concrete at Research Laboratory.
request a technology evaluation or look
(continued from previous page)
Management Command master planners that conversions or diversions are not
massive restationing decisions, made to achieve uniformity of requirements affecting the availability of facilities
the 1997 survey obsolete and prompted determination across the Army. and coordinating with regions and
changes to this methodology. Headquarters, IMCOM, to verify deficits.
What you can do
The requirements were changed to
The installations play a big part in Accuracy is important
encompass 95 percent of single Soldiers
requirements determination. Their input Senior Army Leadership supports a
in the ranks of private through sergeant
into the Integrated Facilities Systems, holistic approach for both programming
as reported by the Headquarters Real
the Planning Resource for Infrastructure and execution of the permanent party
Property Planning and Analysis System.
Development and Evaluation, the General barracks program, and this comprehensive
HQRPLANS was used as a sole source
Fund Enterprise Business System and program is the basis for determining
for barracks requirements until POM
the Installation Status Report feeds the requirements to house the force today and
2008-13, when the Grow the Army,
Headquarters Installation Information in the future.
BRAC and Army Transformation
System data repository. The installations Installations play a key role in ensuring
initiatives caused rapid and continuous
also update and validate ASIP and adequate facilities are available to single
changes to the Army structure, making it
HQRPLANs data for joint basing where Soldiers. As critical members of the Army
difficult for HQRPLANS to keep pace
the other service’s data is not included. team, all are required to provide accurate
and produce accurate programming data.
The data must be auditable in order to and correct information so the Army can
Today, barracks requirements are
validate the requirements. If you perceive program responsibly.
calculated using a combination of the
a shortfall at your installation but nothing
Army Stationing and Installation Plan,
is being done to address it, you can make POC is Zeli R. King, 703-601-3823, zeli.
the single data source of Army population firstname.lastname@example.org.
the requirement visible to Headquarters,
projection, HQRPLANS and facilities
Department of the Army, by validating or Zeli R. King is the Barracks Program manager,
data management systems. OACSIM
correcting data in the systems, verifying Housing Division, OACSIM.
also works closely with Installation
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 35
Detailed planning leads to success in postwide open building
by David Schwenk and Joseph Bush
report prepared for the U.S. Electronics Association Standard 709.1
Army Installation Management communications protocol:
Command offers guidance, • DDC guide specification – UFGS 23 09
including installation design guide 23: LonWorks Direct Digital Control for
recommendations, for Army garrisons to HVAC and Other Building Systems;
develop a strategy for implementing an
• UMCS guide specification – UFGS 25
enterprise-level, “open” postwide building
10 10: LonWorks Utility Monitoring and
automation system. The technical report
Control System, where this UFGS specifies
IMCOM LonWorks Building Automation
the centralized front-end including operator
Implementation Strategy is available at
workstations. Gregory Bean (standing), Fort Bragg’s director of
http://www.cecer.army.mil/techreports/ Public Works, and Coby Jones, UMCS manager,
ERDC-CERL_TR-07-16/ERDC-CERL_ While the UFGSs are designed to
review the status of Fort Bragg’s building
TR-07-16.pdf. address many open system pitfalls, automation system at the UMCS workstation. U.S.
implementation challenges extend beyond Army photo
Historically, building control systems the designer’s usual realm of responsibility.
such as those used for heating, ventilating In addition, planning for interoperable Certification and Accreditation Process,
and air-conditioning present many systems must be specific for an installation which is best accomplished as an adden-
different challenges, all of which can add because requirements vary from site to dum to the NEC’s existing DIACAP;
up to inefficient energy use. Underlying site. However, some standard steps for • making sure points schedule drawings
some of these problems is the fact that the developing an implementation strategy can are developed for and used on all DDC
controls installed in buildings are usually help guide the installation’s planning. projects; and
vendor-specific and therefore, proprietary. • performing DDC system quality veri-
Even in this age of direct digital control Getting started fication and acceptance activities, espe-
technology, installations still install Garrisons should begin the cially for the first few projects to help
BASs on a building-by-building basis, planning process by creating a work ensure that DDC contractors understand
resulting in systems incompatible with any group whose members include, as a the project requirements.
centralized control. minimum, representatives from the
In 2004, two Unified Facilities Guide Directorate of Public Works including Other guidance
Specifications were released to enable the the energy manager, engineering staff Information in the technical report
use of multi-vendor, open BASs to be and maintenance shops; the Network captures years of building automation
integrated with a single, postwide utility Enterprise Center, formerly the systems experience by the U.S. Army
monitoring and control system. The Directorate of Information Management; Engineer Research and Development
UFGSs for BASs are based on LonWorks and the Corps of Engineers’ district Center’s Construction Engineering
technology, and the American National and area offices. Obtaining buy-in from Research Laboratory, Huntsville
Standards Institute and Consumer stakeholders and close coordination with Engineering Support Center and the
the NEC are both critical to the open BAS Corps’ Savannah District. In addition, the
Acronyms and Abbreviations network’s success. report documents valuable lessons learned
BAS building automation system
The work group’s key functions include: through experience in helping installations
DDC direct digital control work through successful open BAS
DIACAP Department of Defense Information • identifying a mechanism and approach implementation, such as at Fort Hood,
Assurance Certification and Accreditation though which the installation can obtain Texas, and Fort Bragg, N.C. Notably, both
Process system integration services where multi- forts received the LonMark International
DOIM Directorate of Information Management ple vendors’ DDC systems are integrated Multi-Vendor Project of the Year award for
DPW Directorate of Public Works with the UMCS front-end; their successes — Fort Hood in 2007 and
HVAC heating, ventilating and air conditioning
• coordinating and working with the NEC Fort Bragg in 2010.
IMCOM Installation Management Command
on information assurance and security
NEC Network Enterprise Center Included with the planning guidance are
requirements, in particular, the certifica-
SOW statement of work nine appendices to augment information in
tion of the UMCS through the Depart-
UFGS Unified Facilities Guide Specification the report:
ment of Defense Information Assurance
UMCS utility monitoring and control system • Example control systems assessment ➤
36 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Microchips to offer easy field testing for perchlorate, other pollutants
by Don Cropek and Imee Arcibal
s you get ready for work in the Agency issued an interim drinking
morning, energetic rock music blasts water health advisory in January
from the CD player to get you 2009 that established a safe limit of
going. Then, after a hard day at work, you 15 parts per billion for perchlorate
swap that rock disc for a soothing classical in drinking water. This contaminant
CD to help you relax. On the weekends, affects the human thyroid by
some smooth jazz sets the tone with a laid- preventing iodine uptake, interfering
back vibe. with normal hormonal and
In the future, testing for toxins in water developmental processes. Perchlorate
supplies may be as simple as popping a can pollute water supplies in
new disc into a CD player. The underlying several ways, including fallout from The SafePort housing structure contains the components that
integrate the contaminant-specific microchip (black) with the
science is complex and elegant, but as with pyrotechnics such as fireworks external environment to sample and analyze water in the field.
all successful technologies, that will be and road flares, some natural Photo by Travis King
transparent when new microchip-based mineral formations and agricultural
fertilizers. At Army installation toxins like nitrates, arsenate and heavy
sensors are used to detect contaminants. metals, and explosives residue such as
training ranges, other possible sources are
The U.S. Army Engineer Research the smoke bombs used to simulate ground 1,3,5-trinitroperhydro-1,3,5-triazine, better
and Development Center has developed burst and hand grenades, and signal flares. known as RDX, and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene,
a small, fluidized “laboratory-on-a-chip” or TNT.
that selects for and detects perchlorate in The sensor chip works by simultaneously
introducing the sample and a buffer that To enable field use, SafePort is cell-
environmental water samples. The chip phone-sized for hand-held operation by
quickly analyzes water, requiring less than can selectively bind perchlorate while other
abundant compounds such as chlorides, a Soldier on the move and can provide
60 seconds per sample, and can also be
used in place to continuously screen water nitrates and sulfates are not affected. When instant feedback on any water sample
perchlorate reaches the detection zone of encountered. The platform consists of a
supplies for contamination. It is designed housing structure integrated with sample
to be field-portable in contrast to current the chip, a measurable conductivity peak
proportional to the concentration can be introduction, filtration and fluidic control
test methods, which require the water in that will be run by on-board electronics
question to be collected and shipped to seen. In its current state of development,
the chip can detect 5.6 plus or minus 1.7 capable of yielding a simple result for
an off-site laboratory for time-consuming contaminants in a water sample.
analysis. ppb in drinking water, well below EPA’s
regulatory level of 15 ppb. In the future, the SafePort platform
The U.S. Environmental Protection could be installed on process streams or
The perchlorate chip represents the first
Acronyms and Abbreviations of several sensors that ERDC is developing in monitoring wells, allowing installations
CERL Construction Engineering Research
as modules for a robust, field-deployable to inexpensively monitor environmental
Laboratory conditions in real time.
ERDC Engineer Research and Development Center
sensor platform called SafePort. The other
ppb parts per billion
chips will contain buffers selective for The entire SafePort package is under
development at ERDC’s Construction
• DDC integration process; Engineering Research Laboratory. A usable
(continued from previous page)
device for perchlorate is expected to be
statement of work; • Example implementation plan; and
ready for testing in fiscal year 2012. At that
• DOIM/NEC frequently asked • UFGS 23 09 23 compliance checklist. time, CERL will be looking for field sites
questions; Additional information is available at for testing and for real-world samples to be
• Sample memorandum of understanding https://eko.usace.army.mil/fa/bas/. contributed from installations.
between DPW and DOIM/NEC;
POC is Don Cropek, 217-373-6737,
• Sample installation design guide;
POC is David Schwenk, 217-373-7241, email@example.com.
• Sample SOW for UMCS administrator, firstname.lastname@example.org.
technical support personnel and system Dr. Don Cropek is a chemist and senior project
integrator; David Schwenk and Joseph Bush are manager, ERDC-CERL, Champaign, Ill. Imee
mechanical engineers and senior project Arcibal is post-doctoral researcher, CERL’s
• Sample SOW for UMCS DDC
managers, ERDC-CERL, Champaign, Ill. Environmental Chemistry Laboratory.
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 37
Career development – Embracing sustainability and planning for
integrated, comprehensive installation decision-making
by Lt. Gen. Robert L. Van Antwerp
s we look ahead at 2011 and Acronyms and Abbreviations
beyond, those of us in the engineer USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
and scientist career field share
installations that are home to the Soldiers,
the awesome responsibility for finding
Civilians and Family members that we so
innovative solutions to an increasingly more
complex array of challenges facing our
Army and our nation. We are being asked I highly encourage continued skills
to take a “systems approach” to project development for our installation planning
development considering many new and professionals. For example, The U.S. Army
interrelated factors, such as sustainability, Corps of Engineers Installation Support
energy reliability and environmental Community of Practice has established
stewardship, while continuing to meet a Master Planning Institute through the
Lt. Gen. Robert L. Van Antwerp
immediate mission requirements and Photo by F.T. Eyre USACE Learning Center that provides
preserve long-term installation and water the only accredited planning curriculum
system capabilities. in the federal government. Those enrolled
comprehensive solutions. The solutions of
in these courses learn in a team setting
Since so many of our products and the past 40 to 50 years might not be the
with their peers in a hands-on, experiential
services have a cumulative effect on the recipe for the complex challenges we face.
surrounding environment, the culture of Team integration is the second aspect
single-focused design and development Another key component of technical
of meeting our future challenges. By
projects is becoming a thing of the past, competency is ensuring we have the right
embracing an integrated process team
forcing us to relook our projects and skill sets in the right place. We need to
approach to problem solving that
programs from a different perspective. consider hiring planners, architects and
leverages a broad range of technical
landscape architects for planning positions
For our career field to respond to these competencies to include architects,
since they are trained in comprehensive
complex challenges, we need to apply landscape architects, environmental
problem solving. Further, we need to
disciplined thought in reassessing the specialists, planners, operations and
consider more interdisciplinary positions
way we provide solutions to the built maintenance personnel, and research
where considerations are made for not
environment. This integrated approach and development professionals. We must
only traditional engineering, but also
involves both the way we deliver our continue to focus the development of our
architecture, landscape architecture and
services to our customers and the way we team members on processes that embrace
urban planning expertise. We need staff
as professionals approach our day-to-day a holistic, comprehensive problem solving
skilled in comprehensive planning, holistic
projects. Responding to these complex approach. Furthermore, we must continue
problem solving, stakeholder facilitation
challenges involves three major aspects: to enhance our skills in collaborative
engaged leadership, team integration and problem solving methods and in using
technical competency. visualization techniques to bring clarity to As members of the engineer and
complex issues. Since this comprehensive scientists career field, we all are committed
Leaders of the engineer and scientist
approach involves intensive participation by to promoting a practice that provides
career field must be engaged in
stakeholders and visualization practices, the the most competent engineering design
championing the values of comprehensive
competencies that planners and architects solutions for those we serve. For our career
problem solving. Our engaged leaders
develop are particularly valuable to the field to advance from Good to Great, we
must insist that our teams solve problems
integrated process team. have to embrace a holistic approach to
holistically and that design, planning and
planning and design.
other technical professionals are brought The last aspect to meeting our
early into the process. future challenges is to ensure technical This step takes leaders willing to
competencies are maintained. This means champion the comprehensive approach.
Further, as leaders and technical experts
we continue to invest in our precious Hence, we need to get the right people
in our functional fields, we need to make
resource — our people — as individuals onto our integrated teams and into
sure we do not have blind spots in our
and teams. Lifetime learning is essential to key planning positions to champion
perceptions of the problems that limit the
master the competencies required to meet holistic, comprehensive solutions. We
ability of our teams to make holistic and
both the current and future needs of our also need to invest in our own ➤
38 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Importance of professional planning credentials
by Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn
rmy planners are encouraged to Acronyms and Abbreviations
pursue American Institute of AICP American Institute of Certified Planners
Certified Planners designation APA American Planning Association
from the American Planning Association. CM Certification Maintenance
Professional credentials are a reflection PAB Planning Accreditation Board
of expertise and commitment to the
profession and provide recognition both to
the individual and the organization.
Effective Jan. 1, 2008, AICP members
To obtain certification and use the must engage in continuing education in
AICP designation, APA members must order to maintain their certifications. The
meet certain education and experience Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn intent of certification maintenance is to
requirements and pass a written Photo by Mary Beth Thompson enhance the credibility of the planning
examination. The higher designation of profession and increase the value of AICP
Fellow in AICP, or FAICP, recognizes private companies. More information can
be found at http://planning.org/aicp. credentialing. The requirement ensures that
the achievements of individuals who are members have current knowledge, skills
considered model planners and who have New: Advanced specialty and training in best practices.
made significant contributions to planning certification
and society. AICP members must earn a total of 32
Two new advanced exams are now CM credits during a two year period. One
In addition to the eligibility available for AICP-credentialed planners hour of training equals one CM credit. A
requirements, a candidate must be a who seek recognition for their specialized minimum of 1 1/2 credits must be on the
member of APA to sit for the exam. knowledge, experience and leadership topic of ethics, and another 1 1/2 credits
The cost is $485, and the eligibility in the transportation and environmental must be on current planning law.
requirements are spelled out in the chart. planning fields. The Certified
More information can be found at http://
The exam is given twice a year, in May Transportation Planner and Certified
and November. Degrees and professional Environmental Planner exams are given
work experience in related professions such once a year at a cost of $690 each. These required CM credits are available
as engineering, landscape architecture, through the Master Planning Institute
To qualify, applicants must be AICP
architecture, environmental planning, Proponent Sponsored Engineer Corps
members in good standing and have at
history, geography and others may qualify Training suite of classes. (Editor’s note: See
least eight years of experience in the area of
one to take the exam. article on page 41.)
planning specialization for which they will
Online training and exam preparation is be tested. Certification enables planners to
available through state APA chapters and demonstrate their knowledge and
This year, applications must be made by
dedication to the profession and may very
March 30, and testing will occur during
(continued from previous page) well be the cornerstone of their careers.
a two-week window from May 9-23.
professional competency to broaden Additional information is available at POC is Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn, 202-761-1859,
our understanding of comprehensive www.planning.org/asc. email@example.com.
planning and development. This is
the recipe for success that will help us Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn, AICP,
Years of professional
meet today’s sustainability and energy Level of education planning experience LEED Green Associate, is a
required senior planner, Headquarters,
challenges and give us the capabilities
Graduate degree in planning from a program U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
for successfully addressing the challenges 2
accredited by the Planning Accreditation Board
and opportunities of the future.
Bachelor’s degree in planning from a program
Lt. Gen. Robert L. Van Antwerp is chief of accredited by the PAB
engineers, commanding general of the U.S. Graduate degree in planning from a program
Army Corps of Engineers and the functional not accredited by the PAB
chief of Career Program 18, Engineers and Any other post-graduate, graduate or
Scientists – Resources and Construction. undergraduate degree
No college degree 8
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 39
Master planning classes go worldwide in 2010
by Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn
he Army’s master planning courses Visualization, Advanced Master Acronyms and Abbreviations
are held throughout the United Planning in South Korea PROSPECT Proponent Sponsored Engineer Corps
States each year and are offered to In September, PROSPECT course 948, Training
audiences worldwide on request. In 2010, Master Planning Visualization Techniques,
classes were held in Guam, South Korea and Advanced Master Planning were
and Italy. held in Daegu. The visualization students
learned the basics of Google Sketch Up
Advanced Master Planning in Guam
and Adobe Photoshop.
At the request of the Navy, the
instructors took Advanced Master Students in the advanced class observed
Planning, Proponent Sponsored Engineer planning patterns on a tour of downtown
Corps Training course 952, to Guam in Daegu, where limited land availability
March. As an island, Guam’s development and large population growth make
and expansion capabilities are naturally compact development a necessity. The
limited. Careful planning — with students applied compact development
environmental awareness of water, energy and sustainability principles to create
and transportation constraints — is a solutions for Camps Henry and Walker.
The proposals combined the two camps Advance Master Planning course students in Guam
must and is the key to development or work on a plan for the Barrigada area of the Navy
redevelopment. into one, creating greater efficiencies and a
base. Photo by Jill Schreifer
more sustainable environment.
Similar to other class offerings, a more walkable, sustainable, livable
the course was taught using a multi- Learning from the master in Italy community. Their designs were based on
media approach. Lectures, small group In October, Advanced Master Planning the planning patterns and architectural
exercises and site visits give students an was held at U.S. Army Garrison Vicenza, features they observed in Vicenza and
understanding of existing conditions and Italy. Students had the best of both worlds: information from class lectures and group
development potential. they toured the existing Villaggo della Pace exercises.
The students developed a master plan Army Family Housing Area to develop
By creating more compact development
for the Barrigada area, which is slated innovative solutions for the future, and
and consolidating compatible uses, they
for redevelopment with administrative, they learned from the great master Andrea
were able to add educational facilities,
maintenance, medical, industrial and Palladio, a 16th century architect whose
multi-purpose gathering spaces to foster
community facilities. Working in small classic designs play a prominent role in
social sustainability and recreational
groups, they developed several alternatives the look and feel of Vicenza. Palladio
opportunities, and create a better
for its redevelopment. has had a major influence on architecture
integration of facilities and uses. They also
worldwide. Many U.S. federal buildings
Using a compact development approach improved the linkage to the main post,
are built in the Palladian style, which
and awareness of topographical and improving transportation flow and access.
emphasizes symmetry and draws from
environmental constraints, the students The concept of social sustainability has
the formal classical architecture of ancient
sited the required facilities and maximized become increasingly important as a means
Greek and Roman temples.
land use. Their proposals featured a to counteract the Army’s high suicide
walkable, campus-type development After hearing lectures, doing small
rate and the negative aspects associated
based on sustainable planning and design group exercises and visiting local sites,
with frequent deployments. If planners
principles and capitalizing on synergies students were assigned to redevelop
can create social interaction opportunities,
created by consolidating functions and the Villaggo della Pace. Existing site
Soldiers and their Families are able to
uses. Improved transportation access development is similar to a typical U.S.
interact more easily and readily with
and incorporation of environmental and suburban community — auto-dependent
others, helping them to develop support
security requirements contributed to a with single-Family and townhouse units,
systems, and diminish isolation and the
number of solid alternatives. a small shoppette and limited recreational
negative impacts linked to a lack of social
Students presented their proposals to the sustainability.
commanding officer on the final day. He The students engaged in an intensive
The students presented their proposals
was impressed with the quality of work, charrette exercise and developed several
to the garrison commander on the last day.
attention to detail and proposed solutions. alternatives that met their goal of creating
His response was very positive. He ➤
40 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Master Planning Institute announces classes for 2011
by Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn
he U.S. Army Corps of Engineers of the unique characteristics,
is a unique educational provider legal requirements, procedures,
in terms of the scope and breadth technical knowledge and skills
of classes offered and the accompanying necessary to administer, maintain
professional accreditations for its classes. and repair federal historic
Over the next year, Proponent Sponsored properties. Pertinent laws,
Engineer Corps Training classes in the regulations and guidance are
field of master planning will be expanded covered.
to offer additional training opportunities. Course 952
In keeping with the intent of this suite of Advanced Real Property
classes, these offerings will be called the Master Planning
“Master Planning Institute.” May 16-20, Portland, Ore. Master planning students visit the new urbanism community
Classes are open to all interested parties, Through an intensive hands- Orenco Station in Portland, Ore. Photo by Jill Schreifer
including contractors; private citizens; and on workshop, students use a
federal, state, city or county employees. planning charrette technique to
These accredited classes provide American develop an area development It provides an overview of the planning
Institute of Certified Planners’ certification plan for a real world planning problem at process with an emphasis on general
maintenance units, American Institute of an installation. Participants are required to planning principles that are applicable to
Architects’ learning units, National Society have a fundamental knowledge of master all organizations and levels of government.
of Professional Engineers’ professional planning or real property management. Course 102
development hours and continuing Course 326 Real Property Master Planning II
education units. For American Institute Master Planning Applied Skills Dec. 5-9, San Antonio
of Certified Planners’ members, these July 25-29, Huntsville
classes provide the required certification This course is the companion, follow-on
maintenance units for hard-to-find ethics This class provides an overview and course to Real Property Master Planning
and law classes. techniques to develop real property I. It expands on the basic planning
requirements and allowances, and assess concepts and relates them to Army-
Classes are dynamic. They are taught stationing actions. Students learn how specific examples and issues. Both courses
using a variety of media that include to use Army planning tools to conduct offer a combination of lectures, small
lectures, hands-on training, small group planning studies and requirements analyses, group exercises and site-specific learning
exercises, field trips and other learning and to determine the impact to the opportunities.
opportunities. installation’s real property master plan. Note that the former Course 75 has been
The 2011 Master Planning Institute Course 101 expanded into two separate courses. Master
classes include: Real Property Master Planning I Planning I provides an introduction to
Course 392 July 25-29, Huntsville basic planning topics, and Master Planning
Historic Structures I Nov. 14-18, New Orleans II covers application of these concepts to
March 14-18, Seattle Army-specific planning.
This course provides an introduction to
This course provides an awareness master planning concepts and principles. To register or view course descriptions,
go to http://pdsc.usace.army.mil, or contact
(continued from previous page) more information, contact the POCs Janine Wright at 256-895-7431 or
encouraged the students to continue to
draw from European planning concepts POCs are Jerry Zekert, 202-761-7525, POCs are Jerry Zekert, 202-761-7525,
of compact, sustainable, walkable firstname.lastname@example.org; and email@example.com, and Andrea
neighborhood development as they carry Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn, 202-761-1859, Wohlfeld Kuhn, 202-761-1859, andrea.w.kuhn@
on with revisions to the master plan. firstname.lastname@example.org. usace.army.mil.
Courses at your locale Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn, AICP, LEED Green Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn, AICP, LEED Green
PROSPECT master planning courses Associate, is a senior planner, Headquarters, U.S. Associate, is a senior planner, Headquarters, U.S.
can be tailored for your installation. For Army Corps of Engineers. Army Corps of Engineers.
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 41
April in Boston: Army Planning Symposium
by Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn
re you a planner or someone in a • energy and sustainability issues; and Acronyms and Abbreviations
related discipline who wants up-to- • best planning practices. USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
date information on Army planning Since the agenda is still open,
issues? Or, perhaps you’ve been involved nominations for topics and presentations
in a planning initiative or developed are welcome. Contact the POCs below if
innovative solutions to planning challenges. you wish to make a presentation.
If so, “plan” on attending this year’s Army
Planning Symposium in Boston April Attendees are strongly encouraged to
5-6. You’ll gain firsthand knowledge of register for the Federal Planning Division’s
current planning issues and trends, have National Training Conference April 6-8,
the opportunity to share best practices and which immediately follows the Army
expand your repertoire. symposium. This year’s theme is “Federal Attendees at the 2010 Army Planning Symposium
Lands – Great Places” and focuses on discuss their hands-on planning exercise. Photo by
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers federal property as the nation’s greatest Jill Schreifer
will host the symposium at the Boston resource. Tracks will include sessions Team will facilitate a workshop, “Form-
Marriott Copley Place. This is an for the new federal planner, emerging Based Codes: Regulating Sustainable
excellent opportunity for the Army’s initiatives, facilities and infrastructure Development,” there April 9 from 8 a.m.
Master Planning Community of Practice planning, open space planning and to noon. Attendees will learn about the
to exchange information on successful professional development. mechanics of form-based codes and have
Army practices and gain knowledge of
Lodging at the conference hotel is the opportunity to create sample codes.
current planning trends. In addition, the
Air Force, the Navy, the Coast Guard and limited. Attendees should register and Information and registration for this
the National Park Service will conduct secure lodging early. Last year, about 400- conference is available at http://planning.
their respective symposia at the same time, 500 federal planners attended the National org/conference/index.htm.
creating networking opportunities for an Training Conference, and another large
To register for the Army Planning
exchange of federal planning information. turnout is expected this year.
Symposium, contact one of the POCs
There is no registration fee for the Army Conference details and lodging below.
symposium. Topics will include: information can be found at http://www.
federalplanning.org/annual_workshop.htm /. POCs are Jerry Zekert, 202-761-7525,
• Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for email@example.com; and Andrea
Installation Management and Installation Those who seek an even broader
planning perspective should also attend Wohlfeld Kuhn, 202-761-1859, andrea.w.kuhn@
Management Command overviews; usace.army.mil.
the American Planning Association’s
• an update on Army Regulation 210-20,
National Conference at Boston’s Hynes Andrea Wohlfeld Kuhn, AICP, LEED Green
Real Property Master Planning for Army
Convention Center April 9-12. The Associate, is a senior planner, Headquarters,
Headquarters, USACE, Master Planning USACE.
• form-based coding;
Directorate of Public Works class changes
by Gustavo (Gus) De Jesus
or Directorate of Public Works Accounting, is no longer offered. usace.army.mil or e-mail DLL-CEHNC-
classes, there are some changes to Course 988, DPW Basic Orientation Registrar@usace.army.mil.
what is listed in the 2011 Purple Course, is scheduled for April 18-22 and
Book, which publishes the Proponent POC is Gustavo (Gus) De Jesus, 210-424-8238,
May 16-20 in San Antonio.
Sponsored Engineer Corps Training Gustavo.firstname.lastname@example.org.
known as PROSPECT courses. Course 989, DPW Management
Orientation Course “CAPSTONE,” is Gustavo (Gus) De Jesus is the chief, Sustainment,
Course 903, DPW Operations and scheduled for June 6-10 in San Antonio. Restoration and Modernization Branch, Public
Maintenance, is scheduled for Feb. 14-18 Works Division, Headquarters, Installation
and July 11-15 in San Antonio. To see full course descriptions, fees Management Command, and the proponent for
and other information, go to http://pdsc. IMCOM DPW Courses.
Course 981, DPW Budget/Job Cost
42 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011
Kathryn Haught: Champion for master planning
by Jerry Zekert
athryn Haught is the Army’s Works at Fort Bragg, N.C. As a member Since her assignment, Haught has visited
new Master Planning program of Fort Bragg’s top-notch master planning and worked closely with planning teams
manager for the Office of the team, she developed implementation at both Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps
Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation strategies, programmed recommendations, of Engineers, in Washington, D.C., and
Management. managed design and construction, and Headquarters, IMCOM, in San Antonio.
Haught has broad experience with oversaw extensive World War II-era She has spoken on the importance of
master planning and Military Construction building demolition. planning during planning classes and at
management. She has worked at In February 2005, Haught departed the garrison commanders’ Pre-Command
the installation level, at Installation Fort Bragg, for Fort McPherson, Ga., Course.
Management Command region and to become the master planner for the The Army’s master planning team has
headquarters offices, and at OACSIM, Installation Management Agency informally been named the Planning
making her a champion who understands Southeast Region. During her time there, Triad. This triad is led by OACSIM and
the installation’s challenges with managing she worked primarily with the installation includes IMCOM, which implements the
a successful planning program. master planning offices on the 2005 Base program, and USACE, which provides
After graduating from Virginia Tech in Realignment and Closure statute. technical advice and support. A triangle is
1987 with a bachelor’s degree in industrial In May 2006, Haught took a position the most stable of shapes, and with Haught
engineering and operations research, with OACSIM BRAC Division where joining the team, the triad is complete
Haught began her Army career with the she served as the Fort Belvoir, Va., BRAC and recommitted to embracing the best
planning team in the Directorate of Public program manager until her current sustainable installation planning practices
assignment. within the Army and the Department of
Acronyms and Abbreviations Defense.
BRAC Base Realignment and Closure
Haught’s role is to be the Army’s
IMCOM Installation Management Command
proponent for master planning and the POC is Jerry Zekert, 202-761-7525,
OACSIM Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for
champion on the Army staff for great email@example.com.
Installation Management master planning. She is currently leading
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers the update to Army Regulation 210-20. Jerry Zekert is the chief, Master Planning Team,
Krajewski, Almquist retire
by Mary Beth Thompson
Acronyms and Abbreviations
CP-18 Career Program 18, Engineers and Scientists
John Krajewski departed the Public Greg Chislett, chief of the Public – Resources and Construction
Works Division of Headquarters, Works Division, and Gus De Jesus, IMCOM Installation Management Command
Installation Management Command, at chief of Sustainment, Restoration and USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
the end of December. Modernization, will hold the flag for
Krajewski, a long-time IMCOM CP-18 issues, Krajewski said. More than 75 people attended his
Army engineer, was retirement luncheon Jan. 19. Almquist,
Pete Almquist, an Army engineer for
an IMCOM contract known for his sense of humor, was the
more than 40 years, retired from his post
employee for the past subject of many quips and anecdotes. With
with U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’
six years. He handled tongue in cheek, he managed to get his
Installation Support Community of
the Directorate of Public own back during his remarks.
Practice in early January.
Works Awards program John Krajewski Almquist handled the “Let me make it very clear,” Almquist
and worked diligently Photos by Mary Beth said deadpan, “I’m not going to miss the
Thompson Installation Support
on Career Program budget and was familiar people, but I sure am going to miss the
18 issues on behalf of to many in his roles work.”
IMCOM. with USACE liaisons The crowd loved it.
“This will be my second retirement to IMCOM, project
but still not sure if it will be the last,” Pete Almquist managers forward and Mary Beth Thompson is the managing editor,
Krajewski said. the “checkbook.” Public Works Digest.
PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 43
U.S. Army Installation Management Command
11711 North IH35, Suite 110
San Antonio, TX 78233-5498
U.S. ARMY INSTALLATION MANAGEMENT COMMAND