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PowerPoint Presentation - BC Cancer Agency

VIEWS: 11 PAGES: 9

									Cancer Prevention:


• Part I: Primary Prevention
     PRIMARY PREVENTION DEFINED


   To maintain health by reducing the exposure
    to lifestyle and environmental factors which
    increase the risk of cancer.
Cancer prevention has the most potential to improve
cancer control by saving tens of thousands of lives of
Canadians and reducing health care costs. An
investment in primary prevention will also reduce
death and disability from other non-communicable
diseases.

            Prevention Working Group, CSCC
              January 2002
              RATIONALE
   Less than 10% of cancers are due to
    genetic factors.
   A majority of cancers are attributed to
    preventable factors.
   To effect positive change, we need a
    combination of healthy lifestyle choices
    and supportive public policy.
    CSCC PRIORITY RISK FACTORS

   Tobacco control.
   Improved nutrition.
   Adequate physical activity to maintain healthy
    body weight.
    Reduced overexposure to the sun.
    Reduced environmental/occupational
    exposure to carcinogens.
   Risk factors common to a number of chronic diseases.
Canadian Strategy for Cancer Control – Prevention Group
    CSCC Prevention Principles
   Population-based public health approach that
    takes into consideration the broad, underlying
    factors of health (commonly referred to as the
    determinants of health).
   Integration and coordination.
   Focus on community capacity building with
    strong linkages.
   Accountability in measuring and meeting
    standards.
   Sustainability.
National and Provincial Initiatives

   Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance
   Primary Prevention Action Group
   Kirby Report
   Romanow Report?
   BC Chronic Disease Prevention
    Initiative
         Comparative Statistics
                                       BC    Yukon   Canada

Daily smokers (12 years and over)    16.3%   26.1%   21.5%
BMI overweight                       27.0%   29.8%   31.9%
Physically inactive                  38.0%   33.0%   49.0%
Less than 5/day fruits and veggies   60.7%   61.0%   61.8%

								
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