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Vertebrate Study Guide Name_______________________hr___ Bring to class the day of the test for extra credit. 1. Define vertebrate. 2. List characteristics of all fishes. 3. Which were the first vertebrates to evolve? 4. How does blood flow through the body of a fish? 5. What organ adjusts the buoyancy of many bony fish? 6. List characteristics of most amphibians. 7. Describe the circulatory system of adult amphibians. 8. Why do amphibian eggs dry out easily? 9. List characteristics of most reptiles. 10. How can an ectotherm stay warm? 11. What are adaptations that allow a reptile to live out of water? 12. What is the difference between reptile eggs and amphibian eggs? 13. List characteristics of lizards. 14. List characteristics of most birds. 15. Why is a bird’s respiratory system more efficient than other land vertebrates? 16. List characteristics of birds of prey. 17. List characteristics of most mammals. 18. What organ allows cows to feed calves? 19. How do mammals release heat from their bodies? 20. Describe the mammalian circulatory system. 21. List examples of animals with a marsupium? 22. List characteristics of primates. 23. What is bipedal locomotion? 24. What does a phylogenic tree show for all chordates? 25. What is the largest living group of chordates? 26. How do vertebrates regulate body temperature? 27. What is the main difference between ectotherms and endotherms? 28. Which vertebrates have the most efficient lungs? 29. Define oviparous and ovoviviparous. 30. How does reproduction occur in most mammals? 31. Why is control of body temperature important for vertebrates? 32. List 2 examples of endotherms. 33. Describe analogous features between an endotherm and temperature control in a house. Include the furnace, insulation and windows.
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