HIGHLY ENGAGED CLASSROOM
A classroom in which most students are authentically engaged most of the time, all
students are authentically engages most of the time, and all students are authentically
engaged some of the time. It is also a classroom that has little or no rebellion, limited
retreatism, and limited passive compliance.
THE WELL-MANAGED CLASSROOM
The sell-managed classroom appears well managed, not because students are
authentically engaged but because they are willing to be compliant. As long as the
teacher and the principal fail to ask the right questions of the students, the absence of
authentic engagement will likely not be noticed.
THE PATHOLOGICAL CLASSROOM
The pathological classroom looks very much like the well-managed classroom except for
the presence of patterned rebellion. In the pathological classroom, many students
actively reject the task assigned or the substitution of other activity to replace what has
been officially assigned or expected (or both). (Cheating is a form of rebellion.)