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A is for Ancient: An Alphabet Study Guide for 3rd Grade By Norview Elementary School 3rd Grade classes of Mrs. Carrington, Mrs. Jones and Mrs. Harris Mrs. Powders – Library Media Specialist A is for Ancient Greece • The Ancient Greeks built the Parthenon as a temple to Athena. It was built on the Acropolis. • They were farmers and shipbuilders. • They started the Olympics. B is for Bahamas and Barter • That is where Christopher Columbus landed in 1492. • B is for barter. • Barter is another word for trade. People bartered before they had money. C is for columns, Coliseum, Canada, Christopher Newport, Jacques Cartier, Christopher Columbus • The Coliseum was where the ancient Romans had fights. • The 3 types of Greek columns are Ionic, Doric & Corinthian. • Christopher Newport, Christopher Columbus and Jacques Cartier were all explorers. • Cartier explored Canada. D is for the Declaration of Independence and Democracy • Thomas Jefferson, our 3rd president wrote the Declaration of Independence declaring our freedom from England. • Our country is a DIRECT DEMOCRACY and we vote for our leaders. E is for Equal Rights for All, Equator, Egypt, Eagle and Europe. • Rosa Parks, Martin • Egypt is in the Sahara Luther King, Jr., and Desert and has Thurgood Marshall all pyramids. fought for Equal Rights for African Americans. • The bald EAGLE is our national symbol. • The Equator is an invisible line between • Europe is a continent. the northern and The explorers came southern hemispheres.lt from Europe (Spain, is hot along the England and France). equator. F is for Florida and Freedom • Ponce de Leon landed in Florida in 1513. He was looking for the Fountain of Youth. • Abraham Lincoln freed the slaves in 1863 during the Civil War. • Harriet Tubman led slaves to freedom. • Martin Luther King fought for freedom for all people. G is for goods and services, gold mines, George Washington and the Great Wall of China. • George Washington was • Gold mines are born in Virginia. He was found in Mali which our first president. He is in Africa. The led the Revolutionary War. people traded gold • Goods are things you and salt. buy. Services are things • The Great Wall of that people do for you. China was built to Goods and services are keep invaders out. things we need and want. H is for Human Resources and Hieroglyphics • Human resources • Hieroglyphics are means people the ancient writing working to produce found in Egypt. They goods and services, can be found on the such as a farmer walls of the and a teacher. Pyramids. I is for Interdependence and Indians (First Americans) • Interdependence • Sioux Indians lived in occurs when 2 teepees in the Midwest.They hunted people depend on buffalo and bison. each other for goods • Powhatans lived in the and services. east in bark houses • Pueblo Indians lived • in the Southwest in multistoried buildings. J is for Jacques Cartier, Juan Ponce de Leon, Justice and James River. • Juan Ponce de Leon discovered Florida. • Christopher Newport sailed up the James River near Jamestown. He sailed for England. • Jacques Cartier discovered Canada.He explored the St. • Thurgood Marshall was Lawrence River. a Justice of the Supreme Court. He helped integrate the schools. K is for Helen Keller and Martin Luther King, Jr. • Helen Keller was Martin Luther King, Jr. fought for equal rights for all blind and deaf as a people. He gave a famous result of a bad fever speech called “I Have Dream” about black and as a baby. She white children playing overcame her together. He won the Nobel disabilities to help Peace Prize. He was assassinated in 1968. other people with disabilities. L is for Lincoln and the Statue of Liberty • Abraham Lincoln was • The Statue of Liberty our 16th president. He is in New York Harbor. was born in a log cabin. She is green. She holds He was president during a book and a torch. She the Civil War and freed is very tall and stands the slaves before he for liberty for all. was assasinated in 1865. M is for Mali, Mississippi River and Mediterranean Sea • The empire of Mali had • Mississippi River is the a king named Mansa longest river in the United States. It flows into the Gulf Musa. It had a city of Mexico. named Timbuktu, where there was a university for learning. They traded gold and • The Mediterranean Sea salt and had storytellers touches Greece, Italy and named griots. Africa. N is for Niger River, Nile River and Natural Resources. • The Niger River is • Natural Resources located in Mali in are found in nature, West Africa. like wood, water, trees, soil, sun, and coal. • The Nile River flows through Egypt. It is the longest river in the world. O is for Olympics, Opportunity Cost and Oceans. • The Olympics • There are 4 oceans. started in Ancient They are the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian Greece. Only men and Arctic Oceans. could enter. The winner got a wreath made of olive leaves. The torch symbolized the • Opportunity cost is a choice that you made beginning of the giving up something games. you couldn’t afford. P is for Pyramids, Rosa Parks, Parthenon and producers. • Pyramids are in Egypt. • Rosa Parks They are tombs where refused to give up the Ancient Egyptians buried their kings. her seat on the bus and started a boycott. • The Parthenon in Greece is the temple of • Producers make Athena. It was built products for over 2000 years ago. consumers to buy. Q is for Quebec and Queen Isabella • Jacques Cartier • Queen Isabella of explored Quebec, Spain paid for Canada for France. Columbus’ journey to the New World. Columbus was trying to find a route to India by traveling west. R is for Rome, Representative Democracy, Rocky Mountains. • Ancient Romans • Representative democracy is where we were road builders. elect representatives in They built aqueducts Congress to make our laws. Congress is made up of the that carried water. Senate and the House of They are famous for Representatives. building arches. • The Rocky Mountains are in the western part of the United States. S is for Scarcity, Susan B. Anthony, Sahara Desert and salt mines. • Susan B. Anthony • The Sahara Desert fought for women to covers the northern part get the right to vote. of Africa. Egypt and Mali are in the Sahara Desert. Salt mines are found in Mali. Salt was traded and is now sold • Scarcity is not being at the markets in able to meet all wants Timbuktu. at the same time. Goods and resources are limited. T is for Trading, Thomas Jefferson, Thurgood Marshall and Timbuktu. • Trade is another • Thomas Jefferson was our 3rd president. He wrote the word for barter. Declaration of Independence. • Thurgood Marshall was Salt and gold were the first African American traded in Justice in the United States Supreme Court. Timbuktu. U is for United States and university • Timbuktu was • The United States is made up of many diverse people. famous for its There are 50 states. Our first university and flag was made by Betsy Ross.Our flag now has 50 libraries. It was a stars and 13 stripes. George great city of Washington was our first learning. president. Our capital is Washington D.C. V is for Virginia and Veteran’s Day • Richmond is the capital of • Veteran’s Day is when Virginia. The cardinal is our state bird. The dogwood is the we honor those who state flower. Christopher served in our military. It Newport landed here near is celebrated with Jamestown. The James River runs through Virginia. parades in November. • Virginia is a beautiful state and we have lots of VISITORS every year. W is for Washington, D.C. and the Washington Monument. • Washington D.C. is the capital of the United States. It is where the president lives in the White House. It is where Congress makes our laws. • This is the Washington Monument X marks the spot. What continent and what country is this? Y is for Yemen, a country in this continent: Z is for Zeus and Zimbabwe • Zimbabwe is a • Zeus was the king of country in this the gods in Greek continent: mythology.
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