Technology for Students with Learning and Other Disabilities by jennyyingdi


									Adaptive Technology for Students
        with Learning Disabilities

      Mike Walker, Learning Strategist
      Mark Giddens, Adaptive Technology Technician
           Presented to Faculty of Education Students
                                          March 2003
Presentation Outcomes
 Create a context for this presentation
       Why need we accommodate?
       Accommodation, Modification & Remediation
       a student's experiences as a learner with a LD
 Describe and demonstrate technology to help
   overcome these information processing deficits,
       speech to text, text to speech and OCR
       spelling, editing and math
       organization and creativity
       memory and attention
Our Context – the Premise
• Our Desire - we want all of our students to be
  able to master the Three R’s and to develop
  “normally” physically, mentally and emotionally.
• The Reality – approximately 9.4% of our
  elementary and secondary students are
  “exceptional” (MET, 1997).
• The Result - many of our students will not read,
  write or perform other academic tasks
  efficiently, despite our best effort and intense
• In order for many of these exceptional students to be
  successful their
   •   skills must be remediated and/or
   •   learning either modified or accommodated
• Remediation may be needed for the student to
   •   overcome performance deficits (reading, writing, speech,
   •   consolidate skills for future learning
• Modification may be needed for the student to
   •   experience academic success
   •   maintain motivation to learn
• Accommodation may be needed for the student to
   •   maintain grade level standards
   •   broaden future learning opportunities

• Modifications are not an option at the post-
  secondary level.
• Therefore, accommodation for severe
  disabilities may become more challenging and
  solutions, by necessity, more sophisticated.
• Technology has provided many new tools which
  may be used to accommodate students with
Accommodation in Action

  Putting Technology in Context
Kristen’s Story
  Dyslexia & dysgraphia
  Reading (decoding) & writing (encoding –
  spelling, grammar, etc.) & sequencing
  Had to read everything 5 times
  1 hour exam took 3 hours to write
  Always lost full spelling/grammar marks
  Today would not pass Grade 10 literacy test
Kristen Today
  Has to do her readings once
  Writes exams in same time as other students
  Maintains an 85% average
  Uses technology:
     Kurzweil 3000
     textHELP Read & Write
     Dragon NaturallySpeaking
     Pocket PC, scanner, scanning pen, speaking spell
A Learning Disability is an
Information Processing Deficit
  phonological processing
  memory and attention
  processing speed
  language processing
  perceptual-motor processing
  visual-spatial processing
  executive functions (e.g., planning,
  monitoring and metacognitive abilities)
As a result, learners with LDs
may have…
  Difficulty with Alphabet/Penmanship
  Problems Expressing what is Known and
  Problems in Personal Organization
  Difficulty in Copying/Note-Making
  Problems in Arithmetic
  Problems in Reading
  Slow Work Speed
  Problems with Time and Sequence
  Confusion in Spelling
A Tale from the Trenches
Adam (grade 4) – reading disability (pre. board)
    reading at grade 1 level, highly frustrated & resistant
     to learning
    resistant to resource, so accommodated in the
    up two levels, completed grade level work,
     independent research project, class leader
    end of the year comment to John
    now in Grade 5 – back in resource, same phonics
     workbooks, etc. – shut down
    teachers, perhaps afraid of technology, but have also
     bought into the myth that if students learn
     differently, they won’t make it in the “real world”
What Can Students with LDs

Typical accommodations available
to students with learning disabilities
at the post-secondary level
Test/Exam Accommodation
      Common            Less Common
 extra time           reader
 spell checker        scribe
 use of a computer    e-reader
 distraction-free     voice dictation
 leniency towards
 spelling & grammar
      Common              Less Common
  tape recorder         FM system
  note-sharer/taker     wait time when
  use of overheads/     called upon
  visual organizer      lecture notes on
  Alpha-Smart/lap-top   reserve/on web
  computer/Pocket PC    lecture outline in
Personal Study Accommodation
  master notebook         study buddy
  organizer               study carrels
  talking spell checker   mentor
  texts on tape           academic skills
  tape/digital recorder
                          peer tutor
                          professional tutor
  e-reader/e-texts        technology training
  voice dictation         learning strategy
  reduced course load     training based on LD
        The Big Three…

• Kurzweil 3000
• textHELP Read & Write
• Dragon NaturallySpeaking
Text to Speech Software

 Kurzweil 3000


 Also see WYNN 3.1, Premier Programming Scan &
       Read, TextAloud MP3, ReadPlease 2003
Text to Speech Definitions
  Scan & Read Software
     converts printed word to electronic speech
     typically uses a scanner in the process
     Kurzweil 3000, WYNN, Read & Write Gold,
      Premier Programming Scan & Read
  Reading Software (& screen readers)
     converts e-text to electronic speech
     TextHELP, ReadPlease, TextAloud MP3,
      WordQ, HELPRead
Kurzweil 3000 - Overview
Scan & Read (B&W or Colour)/Read Only

• Used for reading, writing, test taking, research
• For individuals with
   •   learning disabilities
   •   reading difficulties - print & physically disabled
• Improves reading speed and comprehension
• Highlights & tracks text as it is spoken aloud
• Uses a multisensory approach to reading and
   •   at school, at home, at work
• Classic literature CD – 1,100 titles!
Kurzweil 3000
• Scan & read print materials
   •   scan in colour or black & white
   •   scan on flatbed or with ADF (Automatic Document Feeder)
   •   save with page formatting or as text only
   •   can open many formats (.doc, .rtf, .txt, .pdf, .tif)
• Reading toolbar features
   •   track print visually, on the page or in the magnifier box
       (change colour & highlights)
   •   vary voice, reading speed, reading mode
   •   speak definitions, provide pronunciation guide
   •   toolbars are customizable
• Reading the web (integrates with Internet Explorer)
   •   web reading toolbar
Kurzweil 3000

• study skills toolbar features
   •   navigate by page or to book mark
   •   add text notes, sticky note, audio notes
   •   highlight and extract notes
• test taking features
   •   scan & read
   •   write or speak responses to document
   •   integrates with Dragon NaturallySpeaking
   •   lockout various features, if required, for test taking
Kurzweil 3000

  • Writing skills toolbar features
     •   word processor
     •   dictionary
     •   thesaurus (synonyms)
     •   spell check
     •   word prediction (create a custom word list)
Cost of Scan and Read
 • Kurzweil 3000                      Canadian $s
     •  Scan/Read, Colour                ≃ $ 2895
      • Scan/Read, Black & White         ≃ $ 1695
      • Read Only                        ≃ $ 549
 •   WYNN
      • Wizard                           ≃ $ 1699
      • Reader                           ≃ $ 699
 •   TextHELP Gold                       ≃ $ 680
 •   Premier Prog. Scan & Read           ≃ $ 233
 •   ReadPlease 2003 Plus Read only      ≃ $ 78
 • ReadPlease 2003     Read only            FREE
Read Please 2003

 • Text-to-
     speech (no
 •   Developed in
 •   Free version
 •   Supports
     AT&T Voices
 •   Very simple
     to use

    Kurzweil 3000           ReadPlease 2003 (free
    Scan&Read, Colour       download)
+   Sheet-feed Epson    +   Canon Flatbed
    Scanner                 Scanner with OCR
         ≃ $3544                     ≃ $99
Reading & Writing

   textHELP Read & Write

   Also see WordQ, Aurora Systems
textHelp Read & Write
Reading tools                Writing tools
• Screen Reader              • Use your word
   • Read virtually anything   processor
     on the screen
                             • Word Prediction
• Text Reader
                             • Dyslexic Spell Checker
   • Read e-text

   • Read as you type
                             • Homonym Checker
   • Read after you type
                             • Thesaurus
   • Read the internet       • Word Wizard
R&W Reading Tools
• Read the screen & applications (icons, menus)
• Highlight and read e-text (docs & html)
• Track words in speech balloons or
• Track highlighted text in TextReader
• Change character, voice speed, voice pitch, and
  highlighting colours and size
• Listen to text as you type – by letter, word,
  sentence or speak punctuation
• Find and listen to words and definitions in Spell
  Check, Thesaurus and Word Wizard
R&W Writing Tools
• Listen to your writing
• Check spelling – as you type or after
  •   Dyslexic (b p q d) and first letter errors - filosofy
  •   Speaks back definition; gives examples in context
  •   By parts of speech – noun, verb, adjective, adverb
  •   Keeps spelling log – errors and dates
• Check homophones
  •   Speaks back definition; gives examples in context
• Use the Thesaurus – another word for big
  •   Synonyms & antonyms
R&W Writing Tools

• Word Prediction
  •   Change prediction window size and colours
  •   Find a word “the word starts with an ele…”
  •   Use a hyphen “-” to extend the list
  •   Expand vocabulary – learns as you type or
      import spelling lists
  •   Personalize - learns your writing style and
      predicts for YOU
  •   Program phonetic replacements (fone,
R&W Writing Tools

• Word Wizard – expands vocabulary
  •   Look for alternative or linking words
        example – auto: part of speech; get a definition;
        do a search – “more things like…” or “different
        kinds of …”
  •   For research – president
textHelp - Helps!

• Assists and motivates
• Accommodates reading and writing
• Helps build reading and writing skills
• Probably the best all round LD tool for
  the money
R&W targets skill deficits…

     reading (e.g., decoding, comprehension)

     written language (spelling, written expression)

 To a lesser degree:
    • oral language (listening, speaking, understanding)

    • organizational skills

    • social interaction

 mathematics (e.g., computation, problem solving)
 social perception
R&W aids processing deficits…

    phonological processing

    language processing

    visual-spatial processing

To a lesser degree:
   • memory and attention (engages students)

   • perceptual-motor (keyboard/prediction)

   • executive functions (planning, monitoring and
     metacognitive abilities) (elaborating, editing)
processing speed
Read & Write GOLD

 • All of Read & Write’s features plus
 • Scanning
 • Speech input (speech to text – XP engine)
 • Research tools – gather, organize,
   annotate info
 • Simple & scientific talking calculator
 • Teacher Toolkit – manage spelling and
   activity logs and student access
Voice Recognition

        Dragon NaturallySpeaking


Also see IBM’s ViaVoice, Microsoft Office XP
Dragon NaturallySpeaking

 • Benefits people
   • Physical disabilities
   • Fine motor problems
   • LDs who can verbalize but not write

   Writing tool
   •   Get the ideas down
   •   Worry about grammar and sentence structure
Dragon NaturallySpeaking

• Dictate directly into   • Allows hands-free use of
  the computer                the computer
• 15-minute training      •   Have to memorize
  session                     commands
• Patience!               •   Voice file is transferable
• Works with MS           •   Reads back what you
  Word, WordPerfect,          say
  almost all Windows      •   Beware the voice!
Dragon NaturallySpeaking
• Dictation
• Make corrections
• Training note (for reading disabilities)
• Test taking – alone or in combination with
  Kurzweil or textHELP Read & Write
• Read back – two modes
• Newer version 7.0 claims 99% accuracy
Other Technology

 More Technology for Students
  with Information Processing
         and Other Disabilities
Technology for Young
WordQ (simpler tool similar to textHELP!)
IntelliTools Inc. (
    IntelliTalk II
    IntelliMathics
    IntelliPics Studio
    MathPad
    Accessibility Tools (for physical disabilities)
Creativity software
         Inspiration Software

Inspiration & MindManager

Useful for           Features include
•   Idea gathering   •   Integrated diagramming and
•   Brainstorming        outlining environments
•   Planning         •   Many pre-designed
•   Organization         templates
•   Sharing Ideas    •   1,250+ symbols
                     •   Create hyperlinks directly to
                         the web
Inspiration   Demo
MindManager   Demo

Pocket PCs

• Runs on Windows
• Includes Microsoft
   Word, Excel
• Windows Media
   Player (textbooks)
• Note taker (keyboards)
• Organizer
Palm Pilots

              Original PDA
              (Personal Digital Assistant)
              • Palm OS
              • Organizer
              • Good for note taking
              • 1000s of applications

TextAloud MP3

 Another Text to Speech Program
 • Inexpensive
 • Reads text aloud or
 • Converts e-text to an audio file (MP3,
             •   Listen to textbook or study notes on PocketPC, MP3
                 player, in the car, on a Discman, etc.
 • Adjustable voices: speed and volume
 • AT&T voices
TextAloud MP3





Portable Note Takers
AlphaSmart or Quickpad
• Simple
• Low cost
• Extraordinary Battery Life
  Can run over 700 hours on
  3 AA alkaline batteries.
• A great investment
  Far less expensive than a PC.
• Lightweight, Rugged,
  Ergonomic Design
  Weighing less than 2 lbs. and virtually indestructible,
  it's an indispensable tool in and out of the classroom.
Spell Checkers
Franklin MWD-1450

                      • Over 100,000 words, 500,000
                      •   Full Merriam-Webster definitions
                      •   Instant phonetic spell correction
                      •   Learning exercises / vocabulary
                      •   Book card slot for additional
                          Franklin titles.

                    Newer Models Have
• Organizer with telephone book and world clock.
• Calculator and Metric/Currency Converter for quick math
• Download eBooks and eNews from the Internet.
Talking Spell Checkers
Franklin LM-6000B

Speaking Language Master
• 130,000 words
• 300,000 definitions
• 500,000 thesaurus entries
• 8-line display
• AC adapter jack
• Contrast control
• Adjustable font size
• Phonetic Spell Correction
• Grammar Guide
• 12 word games     
Handheld Scanners

• Easy to use
• Faster than manual retyping
• Easy transfer to computer
• Reads 6 to 22 points size
• Recognizes up to 56 languages
• Recognizes up to 1000 characters per second
• Reads wavy and distorted characters
• Reads text, numbers, and bar codes
Handheld Scanners

   Quicktionary Reading Pens

   • Various versions available
     •   Scanning dictionary that reads definitions
     •   Scan up to 1000 pages of text
     •   Translate different languages
Tape Recorders &
Digital Cameras

       Tape recorder               Digital Camera
•   Record lecture notes      • Take photos of; boards,
•   Relatively inexpensive    overheads, slides, etc.
•   Pop-up microphone         • Transfer to notes
•   Counter for note taking   • Use with PocketPC
•   Auditory learners         • Visual learners
FM System
                                Auditory Processing & Attention
•Wireless transmission from
teacher to student within the
•Focus on the teacher’s voice
•Background noise is
•Student controls volume
•Integrates with hearing
 Organization – WatchMinder
                       • Reminder & training modes
                       • 75 pre-programmed
                       •   16 daily alarms
                       •   Also silent vibration alerts
                       •   Invented by a child
                       •   ADD/ADHD & chronically
                       •   People with chronic
                       •   LD's, memory disorders,
       brain injury, and stroke
Free Software
  Screen Magnifier (Lens Magnifier)
  Talking Calculator (P.P. Talking Calculator)
  Talking Web Browser (Simply Web 2000)
  Text Reader (ReadPlease 2003)
  Screen Reader (textHELP Screen Reader v4)
Other Technology for LDs

• Web tech for people with
• Great accessibility tool
• Brings world into the home
   •   communication
   •   learning
   •   research
   •   resources
   •   advocacy & information
• Project Gutenberg – free
  books online
A Bit About Computers

The basics                 Other input devices
• Multimedia system        •   Microphone
• Lots of RAM is good      •   Track ball
• Monitor – LCD is best    •   Touch screen
  for disabled students
• CDRW (burner)            •   Writing tablet
• Scanner (sheet feed is   •   Scanner
  nice) with OCR           •   Digital camera
• Keyboard & mouse         •   Bliss Board
More Info . . .
• On learning disabilities
• Nipissing University ESP site
• Mike’s Learning Resources Page
Demo CDs
Kurzweil 3000
TextHELP Demo
TextAloud MP3
Premier Programming
• http://www.premier-
 . . . We thank you for
       this opportunity!

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