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Adaptive Technology for Students with Learning Disabilities Mike Walker, Learning Strategist Mark Giddens, Adaptive Technology Technician Presented to Faculty of Education Students March 2003 Presentation Outcomes Create a context for this presentation Why need we accommodate? Accommodation, Modification & Remediation a student's experiences as a learner with a LD Describe and demonstrate technology to help overcome these information processing deficits, including speech to text, text to speech and OCR spelling, editing and math organization and creativity memory and attention Our Context – the Premise • Our Desire - we want all of our students to be able to master the Three R’s and to develop “normally” physically, mentally and emotionally. • The Reality – approximately 9.4% of our elementary and secondary students are “exceptional” (MET, 1997). • The Result - many of our students will not read, write or perform other academic tasks efficiently, despite our best effort and intense remediation. Consequently • In order for many of these exceptional students to be successful their • skills must be remediated and/or • learning either modified or accommodated • Remediation may be needed for the student to • overcome performance deficits (reading, writing, speech, motor…) • consolidate skills for future learning • Modification may be needed for the student to • experience academic success • maintain motivation to learn • Accommodation may be needed for the student to • maintain grade level standards • broaden future learning opportunities However • Modifications are not an option at the post- secondary level. • Therefore, accommodation for severe disabilities may become more challenging and solutions, by necessity, more sophisticated. • Technology has provided many new tools which may be used to accommodate students with LDs. Accommodation in Action Putting Technology in Context Kristen’s Story Dyslexia & dysgraphia Reading (decoding) & writing (encoding – spelling, grammar, etc.) & sequencing Had to read everything 5 times 1 hour exam took 3 hours to write Always lost full spelling/grammar marks Today would not pass Grade 10 literacy test Kristen Today Has to do her readings once Writes exams in same time as other students Maintains an 85% average Uses technology: Kurzweil 3000 textHELP Read & Write Dragon NaturallySpeaking Pocket PC, scanner, scanning pen, speaking spell checker A Learning Disability is an Information Processing Deficit phonological processing memory and attention processing speed language processing perceptual-motor processing visual-spatial processing executive functions (e.g., planning, monitoring and metacognitive abilities) As a result, learners with LDs may have… Difficulty with Alphabet/Penmanship Problems Expressing what is Known and Understood Problems in Personal Organization Difficulty in Copying/Note-Making Problems in Arithmetic Problems in Reading Slow Work Speed Problems with Time and Sequence Confusion in Spelling A Tale from the Trenches Adam (grade 4) – reading disability (pre. board) reading at grade 1 level, highly frustrated & resistant to learning resistant to resource, so accommodated in the classroom up two levels, completed grade level work, independent research project, class leader end of the year comment to John now in Grade 5 – back in resource, same phonics workbooks, etc. – shut down teachers, perhaps afraid of technology, but have also bought into the myth that if students learn differently, they won’t make it in the “real world” What Can Students with LDs Expect? Typical accommodations available to students with learning disabilities at the post-secondary level Test/Exam Accommodation Common Less Common extra time reader spell checker scribe use of a computer e-reader distraction-free voice dictation environment leniency towards spelling & grammar Classroom/Lecture Accommodation Common Less Common tape recorder FM system note-sharer/taker wait time when use of overheads/ called upon visual organizer lecture notes on Alpha-Smart/lap-top reserve/on web computer/Pocket PC lecture outline in advance Personal Study Accommodation master notebook study buddy organizer study carrels talking spell checker mentor texts on tape academic skills tape/digital recorder peer tutor computer professional tutor scanner e-reader/e-texts technology training voice dictation learning strategy reduced course load training based on LD assessment The Big Three… • Kurzweil 3000 • textHELP Read & Write • Dragon NaturallySpeaking Text to Speech Software Kurzweil 3000 www.kurzweiledu.com Also see WYNN 3.1, Premier Programming Scan & Read, TextAloud MP3, ReadPlease 2003 Text to Speech Definitions Scan & Read Software converts printed word to electronic speech typically uses a scanner in the process Kurzweil 3000, WYNN, Read & Write Gold, Premier Programming Scan & Read Reading Software (& screen readers) converts e-text to electronic speech TextHELP, ReadPlease, TextAloud MP3, WordQ, HELPRead Kurzweil 3000 - Overview Scan & Read (B&W or Colour)/Read Only • Used for reading, writing, test taking, research • For individuals with • learning disabilities • reading difficulties - print & physically disabled • Improves reading speed and comprehension • Highlights & tracks text as it is spoken aloud • Uses a multisensory approach to reading and writing • at school, at home, at work • Classic literature CD – 1,100 titles! Kurzweil 3000 • Scan & read print materials • scan in colour or black & white • scan on flatbed or with ADF (Automatic Document Feeder) • save with page formatting or as text only • can open many formats (.doc, .rtf, .txt, .pdf, .tif) • Reading toolbar features • track print visually, on the page or in the magnifier box (change colour & highlights) • vary voice, reading speed, reading mode • speak definitions, provide pronunciation guide • toolbars are customizable • Reading the web (integrates with Internet Explorer) • web reading toolbar Kurzweil 3000 • study skills toolbar features • navigate by page or to book mark • add text notes, sticky note, audio notes • highlight and extract notes • test taking features • scan & read • write or speak responses to document • integrates with Dragon NaturallySpeaking • lockout various features, if required, for test taking Kurzweil 3000 • Writing skills toolbar features • word processor • dictionary • thesaurus (synonyms) • spell check • word prediction (create a custom word list) Cost of Scan and Read Programs • Kurzweil 3000 Canadian $s • Scan/Read, Colour ≃ $ 2895 • Scan/Read, Black & White ≃ $ 1695 • Read Only ≃ $ 549 • WYNN • Wizard ≃ $ 1699 • Reader ≃ $ 699 • TextHELP Gold ≃ $ 680 • Premier Prog. Scan & Read ≃ $ 233 • ReadPlease 2003 Plus Read only ≃ $ 78 • ReadPlease 2003 Read only FREE Read Please 2003 www.readplease.com • Text-to- speech (no scanning feature) • Developed in Canada • Free version • Supports AT&T Voices • Very simple to use Comparison Kurzweil 3000 ReadPlease 2003 (free Scan&Read, Colour download) + Sheet-feed Epson + Canon Flatbed Scanner Scanner with OCR ≃ $3544 ≃ $99 Reading & Writing textHELP Read & Write www.texthelp.com Also see WordQ, Aurora Systems textHelp Read & Write overview Reading tools Writing tools • Screen Reader • Use your word • Read virtually anything processor on the screen • Word Prediction • Text Reader • Dyslexic Spell Checker • Read e-text • Read as you type • Homonym Checker • Read after you type • Thesaurus • Read the internet • Word Wizard R&W Reading Tools • Read the screen & applications (icons, menus) • Highlight and read e-text (docs & html) • Track words in speech balloons or • Track highlighted text in TextReader • Change character, voice speed, voice pitch, and highlighting colours and size • Listen to text as you type – by letter, word, sentence or speak punctuation • Find and listen to words and definitions in Spell Check, Thesaurus and Word Wizard R&W Writing Tools • Listen to your writing • Check spelling – as you type or after • Dyslexic (b p q d) and first letter errors - filosofy • Speaks back definition; gives examples in context • By parts of speech – noun, verb, adjective, adverb • Keeps spelling log – errors and dates • Check homophones • Speaks back definition; gives examples in context • Use the Thesaurus – another word for big • Synonyms & antonyms R&W Writing Tools • Word Prediction • Change prediction window size and colours • Find a word “the word starts with an ele…” • Use a hyphen “-” to extend the list • Expand vocabulary – learns as you type or import spelling lists • Personalize - learns your writing style and predicts for YOU • Program phonetic replacements (fone, filosofy) R&W Writing Tools • Word Wizard – expands vocabulary • Look for alternative or linking words example – auto: part of speech; get a definition; do a search – “more things like…” or “different kinds of …” • For research – president textHelp - Helps! • Assists and motivates • Accommodates reading and writing difficulties • Helps build reading and writing skills • Probably the best all round LD tool for the money R&W targets skill deficits… Directly: reading (e.g., decoding, comprehension) written language (spelling, written expression) To a lesser degree: • oral language (listening, speaking, understanding) • organizational skills • social interaction mathematics (e.g., computation, problem solving) social perception R&W aids processing deficits… Directly: phonological processing language processing visual-spatial processing To a lesser degree: • memory and attention (engages students) • perceptual-motor (keyboard/prediction) • executive functions (planning, monitoring and metacognitive abilities) (elaborating, editing) processing speed Read & Write GOLD • All of Read & Write’s features plus • Scanning • Speech input (speech to text – XP engine) • Research tools – gather, organize, annotate info • Simple & scientific talking calculator • Teacher Toolkit – manage spelling and activity logs and student access Voice Recognition Software Dragon NaturallySpeaking http://www.dragonsys.com Also see IBM’s ViaVoice, Microsoft Office XP Dragon NaturallySpeaking • Benefits people • Physical disabilities • Fine motor problems • LDs who can verbalize but not write Writing tool • Get the ideas down • Worry about grammar and sentence structure afterwards Dragon NaturallySpeaking • Dictate directly into • Allows hands-free use of the computer the computer • 15-minute training • Have to memorize session commands • Patience! • Voice file is transferable • Works with MS • Reads back what you Word, WordPerfect, say almost all Windows • Beware the voice! programs Dragon NaturallySpeaking • Dictation • Make corrections • Training note (for reading disabilities) • Test taking – alone or in combination with Kurzweil or textHELP Read & Write • Read back – two modes • Newer version 7.0 claims 99% accuracy Other Technology More Technology for Students with Information Processing and Other Disabilities Technology for Young Learners WordQ (simpler tool similar to textHELP!) www.wordq.com Kidspiration www.inspiration.com IntelliTools Inc. (www.intellitools.com) IntelliTalk II IntelliMathics IntelliPics Studio MathPad Accessibility Tools (for physical disabilities) Creativity software Inspiration Software www.inspiration.com MindManager www.mindjet.com Inspiration & MindManager Useful for Features include • Idea gathering • Integrated diagramming and • Brainstorming outlining environments • Planning • Many pre-designed • Organization templates • Sharing Ideas • 1,250+ symbols • Create hyperlinks directly to the web Inspiration Demo MindManager Demo Kidspiration Demo Pocket PCs • Runs on Windows platform • Includes Microsoft Word, Excel • Windows Media Player (textbooks) • Note taker (keyboards) • Organizer http://www.microsoft.com/mobile/pocketpc/learnmore/hardware/americas.asp Palm Pilots Original PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) • Palm OS • Organizer • Good for note taking • 1000s of applications http://www.palm.com/us/ TextAloud MP3 http://www.nextup.com/TextAloud/index.html Another Text to Speech Program • Inexpensive • Reads text aloud or • Converts e-text to an audio file (MP3, .wav) • Listen to textbook or study notes on PocketPC, MP3 player, in the car, on a Discman, etc. • Adjustable voices: speed and volume • AT&T voices TextAloud MP3 AT&T Crystal Mike Regular Jane Portable Note Takers AlphaSmart or Quickpad • Simple • Low cost • Extraordinary Battery Life Can run over 700 hours on 3 AA alkaline batteries. • A great investment Far less expensive than a PC. • Lightweight, Rugged, Ergonomic Design Weighing less than 2 lbs. and virtually indestructible, it's an indispensable tool in and out of the classroom. www.alphasmart.com/ www.quickpad.com Spell Checkers Franklin MWD-1450 • Over 100,000 words, 500,000 synonyms • Full Merriam-Webster definitions • Instant phonetic spell correction • Learning exercises / vocabulary builders • Book card slot for additional Franklin titles. Newer Models Have • Organizer with telephone book and world clock. • Calculator and Metric/Currency Converter for quick math • Download eBooks and eNews from the Internet. Talking Spell Checkers Franklin LM-6000B Speaking Language Master • 130,000 words • 300,000 definitions • 500,000 thesaurus entries • 8-line display • AC adapter jack • Contrast control • Adjustable font size • Phonetic Spell Correction • Grammar Guide • 12 word games www.franklin.com Handheld Scanners IrisPen • Easy to use • Faster than manual retyping • Easy transfer to computer • Reads 6 to 22 points size • Recognizes up to 56 languages • Recognizes up to 1000 characters per second • Reads wavy and distorted characters • Reads text, numbers, and bar codes http://www.irispen.com/ Handheld Scanners Quicktionary Reading Pens • Various versions available • Scanning dictionary that reads definitions • Scan up to 1000 pages of text • Translate different languages http://www.wizcomtech.com/index.php3 Tape Recorders & Digital Cameras Tape recorder Digital Camera • Record lecture notes • Take photos of; boards, • Relatively inexpensive overheads, slides, etc. • Pop-up microphone • Transfer to notes • Counter for note taking • Use with PocketPC • Auditory learners • Visual learners FM System Auditory Processing & Attention •Wireless transmission from teacher to student within the classroom •Focus on the teacher’s voice •Background noise is minimized •Lightweight •Student controls volume •Integrates with hearing devices http://www.phonicear.com/ Organization – WatchMinder • Reminder & training modes • 75 pre-programmed messages • 16 daily alarms • Also silent vibration alerts • Invented by a child psychologist • ADD/ADHD & chronically disorganized • People with chronic diseases • LD's, memory disorders, www.watchminder.com brain injury, and stroke Free Software Screen Magnifier (Lens Magnifier) http://www.markuswelz.de/freeware/index.html Talking Calculator (P.P. Talking Calculator) http://www.premier-programming.com/downloads.htm Talking Web Browser (Simply Web 2000) http://www.econointl.com/sw/ Text Reader (ReadPlease 2003) www.readplease.com Screen Reader (textHELP Screen Reader v4) http://www.simtel.net/pub/pd/15213.shtml Other Technology for LDs • Web tech for people with disabilities • Great accessibility tool • Brings world into the home • communication • learning • research • resources • advocacy & information • Project Gutenberg – free books online http://promo.net/pg/ A Bit About Computers The basics Other input devices • Multimedia system • Microphone • Lots of RAM is good • Track ball • Monitor – LCD is best • Touch screen for disabled students • CDRW (burner) • Writing tablet • Scanner (sheet feed is • Scanner nice) with OCR • Digital camera • Keyboard & mouse • Bliss Board More Info . . . • On learning disabilities • www.schwablearning.org • www.ldonline.org • www.ldpride.net • www.ldao.on.ca • www.ldrc.ca • http://specialed.about.com/cs/learningdisabled • Nipissing University ESP site • www.nipissingu.ca/documents.cfm?smocid=1352 • Mike’s Learning Resources Page • www.nipissingu.ca/faculty/mikew/resource Demo CDs Kurzweil 3000 • http://www.kurzweiledu.com/products_k3000win_demo.asp TextHELP Demo • http://www.texthelp.com/interactivedemo.asp TextAloud MP3 • http://nextup.com/TextAloud/download.html Premier Programming • http://www.premier- programming.com/content/Downloads/Downloads.html Other • http://www.thecanadianteacher.com/links/CDs/ Questions? . . . 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