The Vikings And how they ruled the world Date, Locations, and Geography The Viking explosion in medieval Europe after 793 A.D. from Ireland and the Baltic to the Mediterranean and Constantinople was the start of these pirate like barbarians! Expansion Vikings from different parts of Scandinavia went raiding in different directions. Modern Sweden sailed east into the Baltic Sea-traded with the rich Byzantine Empire Modern Denmark sailed west to coast of northwest Europe Modern Norway Sailed to Ireland and the north and west coast of Britain Viking expansion map Agriculture and Technology Furs of northern forest animals, seal skins, and beeswax were European delicacies, which the Scandinavians or Vikings had. Also had many iron tools. Sails and improved plows reached Scandinavia around 600 A.D. The improved ship technology allowed the Scandinavians to spread and trade goods fairly quickly . Trading eventually lead to raiding and Scandinavians changed to Vikings which ultimately means “raiders.” First official raid happened in the year 793 A.D., with an attack on the rich and defenseless monastery of Lindisfarne Island off the northeast English coast. Raised a lot of live stock (cows and pigs) and grew mostly barley. Aren’t they stylish!! This was da bomb back in the day man, this is what your Great great great great great grandfather wore! And I must say it’s pretty hot (made from the rare animal furs that the Vikings had access to and began trading.) Social Classes Hierarchy-with social classes, slaves chiefs. Chiefs were highest and had many conflicts with kings of other nations. Chiefs competed with each other either really peacefully, or violently. Either they out-gift the other chief when in conflict or kick them out of the area. Viking Religion At first they were Pagan-they remained pagans during their raiding periods. Believed in Thor, Frey, Odin and many other gods After many go overseas and settle peacefully in areas they intermarry Many Vikings convert to Christianity and the tradition is taken home to Scandinavia where it spreads rapidly also. Trading!!!!!! And economy So basically we started off as Scandinavians, and traded wool, beeswax, and seal skins, then we got greedy and was like man this sucks! We aren’t getting anything fast enough! Hey I have an idea!! Let’s just steal all the other people’s crap! Then we’ll become well known and people will shiver at the sound of our names. We’ll be called the Vikings!!...And yes years later they become wealthy enough not to raid anymore and settle down in areas and become assimilated into the people’s culture. Rise and fall of power Well everyone in Europe eventually expected the Vikings to come and raid them so they prepared themselves. Eventually the beat the Vikings back and they turn back into Scandinavians. What A great Viking battle a bummer! The vigour and vitality of the Scandinavian Art Viking Age was also expressed in art. The surfaces of objects were covered with patterns created from the bodies of stylised animals in a centuries-old tradition. But in the Viking Age, new animal forms were created, such as gripping beasts and magnificent four legged creatures, absorbing motifs and artistic impulses from outside Scandinavia. Nearly all Viking Age art is applied art, that is, the decoration of a wide variety of objects used in daily life. However, woodcarvers, sculptors and metalworkers brought a dynamism and inventiveness to their task which has left a rich legacy of extravagant animal ornament. Navigation and Astronomy We obviously know that the Vikings were great sailors I mean what do you think of when you think of Vikings…That’s what you think of Their compasses used the shadow created by the light of the sun. Also before going on a huge voyage they would stop at a port and keep tack of which way they are going with the stars. They actually know where they are through the stars in the sky. That’s amazing!! Obviously the ships weren’t easy to build either…So that proves they were great astronomers and architectures! Along with being great warriors with good tactical skills.
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