Leiden University in 2011

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					Leiden University in 2011


Leiden University, a University with impact. It sounds good, but is       Impact also means introducing children and young people to the
it really true? Taken literally, impact means the influence – or effect   wonders of the world of academia, encouraging them to be curious
– of an action. And Leiden University definitely does have an effect      and eager to learn. Impact means using our research to help
with what it does, what it stands for and what it aspires to. This        formulate new policies, in government and other fields. Our impact
effect is both visible and measurable. I would like to invite you to      can also be seen in the Leiden research that contributes to finding
read in this 2011 Yearbook about the impact that Leiden University        cures for diseases and to improving our wellbeing. We know that
has on society, and probably on you too. It is an overview of a year      research in Leiden generates more hard cash than we expend, cash
of impact.                                                                that directly benefits the economy and increases employment. This
                                                                          is something about which we can be precise: independent research
Leiden University stands for pioneering research, excellent teaching      has shown that every euro invested generates a return of 3.90 euro.
and socially relevant knowledge. Teaching motivated young people,         This, too, is impact.
providing society with graduates who have an open and critical
mindset, conducting reputable research that contributes to know-          You can see our influence on an almost daily basis in the nuances
ledge development, translating research findings into technologies        that Leiden scholars are able to bring to numerous media debates.
that lead to practical applications: these have been our core tasks       Just switch on your television, radio or computer, access your Twit-
since the University was first founded; this is what we are good at.      ter account or open the newspaper and you will see and hear their
But there is more, and I would like to share with you some other          meaningful insights into the key issues of the day. In addition to
facets of our work.                                                       this, there are the many books written by Leiden researchers on
                                                                          absorbing and socially relevant topics, books that are also eagerly
received by the general public. And our impact extends beyond            offers pupils and students a range of talent programmes, from
the borders of the Netherlands: you can read more about the many         Pre-University College through Leiden University College                3
collaboration projects that Dutch scientists engage in with colleagues   at Campus The Hague to the Leadership Programme.
in almost all parts of the world, and you will be amazed at the fasci-
nating posts held by our graduates in overseas countries. Here, too,     It has always been a key element in the tradition of Leiden Univer-
we make a difference.                                                    sity to give free rein to independent and creative spirits. Our motto
                                                                         Praesidium Libertatis, or Bastion of Freedom, is therefore an
Scholars at Leiden University regularly receive significant research     ideology that we aim to convey through such public events as
grants, both within the Netherlands and in a European context.           the Freedom Lecture and the Cleveringa Lecture.
Robust research should be given the opportunity to thrive. This
Yearbook contains examples of such excellent research.                   I hope you will enjoy reading in this 2011 Yearbook about the
                                                                         surprising scope of the impact achieved by Leiden University
                                                                         over the past year.
Research in Leiden generates innovative technologies that find their
way to the market, or lead to the establishment of cutting-edge
businesses. There are many examples of such companies on the
Leiden Bio Science Park; you can read more about some of them
in this Yearbook. Strong research also leads to strong teaching,         Professor Dr Paul F. van der Heijden
focused on the talents of our young people. Leiden University            Rector Magnificus and President of the Executive Board
    CoNTeNTS   ImpaCT oN
               THe eCoNomy
               08 Luris: the Leap to
                  the market
               44 Bio science park

                    ImpaCT IN LeIdeN,
4                   THe HaGUe            ImpaCT IN
                    aNd THe worLd        reSearCH aNd
                    14 Leiden's reLief
                    20 the Leiden        06 how can you measure
                       oBservatory          impact?
                    36 synergy with      12 Body and mind
                       the hague         28 rankings
                    40 the worLd
10   students
16   Laureates
24   phd degrees
32   research
38   teaching
42   events


                                        FaCTS aNd
                                        48   research
                                        50   Laureates
                                        52   students
                   ImpaCT IN            53   BacheLor's programmes
                   SoCIeTy              54   master's programmes
                                        56   staff
                   18   Books
                                        57   university Board
                   22   media
                   26   Leiden aLumni
                                        59 more information
                   30   teaching
                                        60 coLophon
                   34   schooLs
                   46   poLicy
paul wouters ‘This topic is gaining
increasing attention in political and
public opinion.’

measuring the impact of academic research
is the core business of the centre for scientific
and technological studies (cwts). this
research institute at the faculty of social and
Behavioural sciences uses primarily sciento­
metric methods: they count not only the number
of academic publications, but also the number
of citations. according to this method, the
standing of an individual’s academic work
improves the more frequently it is referred
to by colleagues in publications in their own
field. the resulting university rankings are
gaining increasing weight in society. the
director of the cwts is professor of
scientometrics paul wouters.
What is impact?

How CaN yoU meaSUre THe SoCIaL
ImpaCT oF reSearCH?
Contribution                                                          but also the introduction of a new operating technique in dentistry,
Professor of Scientometrics Paul Wouters delivered his inaugural      or even a specific type of effective patient counselling. This infor-
lecture ‘Giving Criticism a Place in Research’ in January 2011, on    mation is very difficult to trace in databases. Economic valorisation,
the subject of measuring academic quality. ‘Bibliometric methods      or converting scientific findings into commercial applications for
are now extremely well-developed,’ says Wouters. ‘Although this       the business world, might be the easiest form to quantify.’
does not mean that there is no room for improvement.’ To prove
the point, in the Leiden Ranking, a ranking of international          Sources
research                                                              Important sources include patent databases, the Science Assessment
institutes published in 2011, the CWTS introduced a new impact        studies of the Rathenau Institute, and the activities of the new
indicator: the relative contribution of a research group to the       ERiC platform for evaluating the social impact of research. In
10% most cited articles. The CWTS investigates how bibliometric       addition to these sources, familiar scientific publications, that are
methods can be adapted to map the progress of academic fields         frequently cited in patents, can also play a role. And commercial-
such as social sciences and humanities. ‘Books are a much more        academic collaboration can be traced because researchers publish
important publication medium in these fields than journals,’          jointly.
Wouters comments.                                                                                                                                   7
                                                                      However, this still does not make the task easy. ‘There are often

                                                                                                                                               W HAT IS IMPAC T
Social influence                                                      very many steps between determining the results of a study
An entirely new field for the CWTS is the measurement of the social   and developing a commercial product,’ says Wouters, ‘and most
influence of academic research. ‘This topic is gaining increasing     of these steps are not under the control of the researcher himself.
attention in political and public opinion, as well as in assessment   Not only this, it’s often a very long-winded process: it can some-
reports on the influence of academic research, such as those          times take up to twenty years for a new drug to become established.
regularly produced by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and       And very often such a development cannot be traced to a single line
Sciences: there is a growing focus on measuring the social impact     of research.’
of research.’
But how can you measure this impact? ‘The problem is that social      Other forms of social benefit are even more difficult to quantify.
impact is not so clearly defined,’ says Wouters. ‛It might include    To overcome this problem, Wouters is considering conducting
biomedical research that eventually leads to a new form of therapy,   surveys among such groups as the members of patients’ asso-
                                                                      ciations. ‘And in the new programme we are even going to be
                                                                      using anthropological methods. A researcher might, for instance,
  ‘There are often very many steps between                            check how doctors use a new technique in practice. But this is not
  determining the results of a study and developing                   something you can do for every single research finding. So we are
                                                                      talking here about random surveys, used to discover new empirical
  a commercial product. It can sometimes take up                      standards.’ New senior researchers, as well as PhD candidates and
  to twenty years for a new drug to become                            postdocs, have been appointed for the new research programme at
  established.’                                                       the CWTS, which will start in 2012. Wouters is curious about the
                                                                      results: ‘CWTS is entering an entirely new phase.’
                              Impact on the economy (I)

                              LUrIS: HeLpING STarT-UpS make
                              THe Leap To THe markeT
                              Leiden research generates many opportunities for commercial             the researchers. Is this product or service something that the world
                              business: from the first genetically modified cow to fish biology for   needs? Does it not already exist elsewhere? Which company can
                              farming, from drugs for treating rare diseases to advanced optical      we approach, or are there already existing contacts? Should patents
                              and image processing techniques. the Leiden university research         be applied for? The team gets involved in all aspects of the budding
                              and innovation services (Luris) technology transfer office can help     business.’
                              this process along.
                              Initiatives                                                             A recurring problem is the gap between scientific findings that have
                              ‘There have been many initiatives in Leiden for converting know-        commercial potential and the stage at which they are ripe to be
                              ledge into products and processes,’ says Laura MacDonald, Head          financed by businesses. MacDonald: ‘We help in finding creative
                              of Licensing and Deputy Director of LURIS, a collaboration              partnerships, in which companies can follow the research and fund
                              between Leiden University and the Leiden University Medical             part of it. At this stage, it’s still closer to research than to development.’
                              Center (LUMC).
         8                    Whether you are dealing with patent applications, contract negoti-      The second team is a legal team, that has detailed knowledge of
                              ations, communication with commercial partners, or starting your        patent and contract law, and the third team is involved in creating

                              own business, LURIS can help. ‘In 2005, researchers at the Univer-      spin-offs and start-ups based on academic knowledge developed
                              sity were asked what kind of support service they needed most, and      in Leiden. ‘Another way to commercialise knowledge,’ is how
                              that’s how we started. Shortly afterwards, the LUMC also became         MacDonald refers to it. ‘We help to make an assessment, promote
                              involved,’ says MacDonald. Previously, these kinds of activities        access to businesses, identify and protect intellectual property and
                              were organised at faculty level.                                        formulate a business plan.’

                              Level                                                                   In addition, LURIS has specialists to help researchers acquire NWO
                              LURIS currently employs some twenty people, divided over three          grants and to prevent them from getting lost in the ‘labyrinth of
                              teams. The business development team consists of five people, each      European research financing’. There is also someone who mediates
                              with a strong academic background and industrial experience;            in hiring out Leiden expertise and equipment to third parties, in
                              they can talk to both researchers and business people on equal          many cases SME businesses.
                              terms. ‘Together, they can evaluate the situation, in dialogue with
                                                                                                      New possibilities
                                                                                                      And what is the impact of all this? ‘Before we started, we looked
                                LURIS provides advice and support with                                at how the tech transfer offices of other large research institutions
                                patent applications, contract negotiations and                        operate. We expect that we will soon be able to accommodate one
                                                                                                      hundred disclosures, i.e. new commercial possibilities, a year,’ says
                                starting new businesses. ‘We help to find creative                    MacDonald. Approximately ten to twenty per cent of these oppor-
                                partnerships with companies.’                                         tunities should in the end lead to contracts or new companies.
         Laura macdonald ‘Our main aim is to see that technology
         gets developed. And if we can earn money from it, then
         that’s a great by-product.’

In the meantime, LURIS seems to be close to reaching this target.
‘Over the past few years, we’ve had eighty to ninety disclosures a
year. In 2011, 22 of them led to signed contracts or advanced
contract negotiations. This last year is therefore above target.’ In
these projects, the commercially interesting intellectual property is
not sold, but made available under licence. ‘If nothing is done with
it, or if the company stops their activities, we simply get it back.’   9

‘There have by now been many examples of income from techno-
logy deriving from licences on Leiden research, but LURIS itself is
not judged on the profit,’ MacDonald stresses. ‘Profit depends on
so many steps and parties. We are a supporting service, just like the
library. And the University and the LUMC are publically financed
research institutions. Our main aim is to see that technology gets
developed. If we can also make money from it, then that’s a great
     students to be proud of

     6 April
     echo award for gifted, muLtitaLented göcerogLu
     ‘Nowadays, we talk all the time about our multicultural society; but multicultural doesn’t
     necessarily mean that the cultures in question actually meet. Which is why I am calling
     for an intercultural society. To achieve such a society, we have to show interest in each
                          other’s culture, we need to know what the other culture means and
                          we must show respect for each other’s values.’ These were the words of
                          Leiden Medical student and PhD candidate in immunopathology Arda
                          Göceroglu during his presentation for the ECHO Award, a national
                          incentive award for highly talented ethnic students in the Netherlands.
                          He won the award for his activities in the fields of education and health-
                          care aimed at bringing different cultures in contact with one another.

                                                                                                       25 June
                                                                                                       students organise
                                                                                                       museum night
                                                                                                       A Museum Night: nowadays many cities
                                                                                                       host such events, but Leiden is the only one
                                                                                                       where the organisers are all students.
                                                                                                       Leiden’s third Museum Night was held
                                                                                                       on 25 June 2011. As early as October 2010,
                                                                                                       members of the Quintus Student Associ-
                                                                                                       ation had started their plans for a special
                                                                                                       programme, involving all the Leiden
                                                                                                       museums. A major job, that had to be done
                                                                                                       alongside their studies, but also an experi-
                                                                                                       ence that was definitely worthwhile.
                                                                                                       The event attracted almost 20,000 visitors.
       Leiden die-hards row 400 kilometres in 7 days over a                                            They witnessed a spectacular light show
     turbulent Danube to collect money for Amnesty and the                                             at the Museum of Antiquities, were given
                                                                                                       speed tours of the Lakenhal and were taken
     European Anti-Poverty Network. 21-28 August                                                       from museum to museum by night boat.
                                                                                              Leiden opens hotspot for foreign and
                                                                                            internationally-oriented students and
                                                                                            their organisations: the International
                                                                                            House. 12 October

5 September                                                                                 21-22 September
studying far from home                                                                      Lap dog and aristotLe
‘I chose to follow my dream and discover what I wanted to do with my life.’ For Hisham      In the Parliamentary Plenary Meetings of
Al Kukhun, from Jordan, there was clearly no turning down the opportunity of doing          2011, terms such as ‘lap dog’ and ‘the great
research on stem cells in Leiden.                                                           tolerator’ dominated the heated tone of the    11
Hisham is one of nearly a hundred students from 31 countries who were awarded a             debate. And yet, even a political exchange
LExS (Leiden Excellence Scholarship) this year. The University makes scholarships worth     can be analysed according to the laws of
1 million euro available on an annual basis for international talent. For Hisham an ambi-   classical rhetoric.
tious future is beckoning: ‘Giving someone who is paralysed the hope that they might one    Together with Professor Jaap de Jong,
day walk again.’                                                                            twelve master’s students in Political Debate
                                                                                            sat for two full days on the public benches
                                                                                            of Parliament. Their goal: to make an
                                               24 November                                  analysis of the debate, based on Aristotle’s
                                               from w.f. hermans to Brain                   elements of style. De Jong was also a
                                               haemorrhages                                 member of the jury for the Debating Prize.
                                               Five bachelor’s students from Leiden         The students reached the conclusion
                                               present their research projects at the       that no real rhetorical acrobatics were
                                               Student Research Conference.                 performed. And yet, there was a winner
                                                                                            of the Plenary Meetings: the Debating
                                                                                            Prize went to Prime Minister Mark Rutte,
11 to 13 November                                                                           for his delivery, his flair and his acumen.
cynicaL aBout europe?
No way! In Leiden, students from 15 coun-
tries immerse themselves for three days in
all aspects of European leadership, together
with a number of well-known experts.
     Impact on body and mind

     kNowLedGe aboUT HeaLTH
     Even at rest the brain is still working
     Nowadays, brain research seems to have become synonymous with colourful images from
     fMRI scans. They make visible the oxygen requirements of different areas of the brain and
     so are able to show which areas work harder on average during the execution of a particular
     task. Prof. Serge Rombouts was the first Dutch researcher to base his PhD on fMRI. He is
     now a pioneer in the field of Resting State fMRI (RS-fMRI). This new application looks at
     brain images where no external tasks are involved. Even in its resting state the brain produ-
     ces fMRI images, and therefore also information. According to Rombouts, the RS-fMRI
     opens up ‘fantastic possibilities for research on patients, such as dementia sufferers or coma
     patients, who are barely able to carry out any tasks, or for research on the effects
     of drugs and medication.’

                           38 million euro grant for Swedish-Leiden study: what
                        keeps rheumatism alive? Looking for a real cure rather

12                      than treating the symptoms. 9 March

     Overweight children can be helped
     ‘Our multi-disciplinary treatment programme showed a modest effect on the degree of
     obesity and physical fitness, as well as a significant improvement in the quality of life of
     the children,’ says researcher Rimke Vos. For her PhD research she investigated the effects
     of the Haagse maatjes (The Hague Mates) programme at the Juliana Children’s Hospital.
     Reasons enough, therefore, to continue with this approach, in which overweight children
     and their parents work with a dietician, a physiotherapist and a health psychologist.

     Dead cells keep skin young
     ‘Antioxidant’ is not just a fancy advertising term. Our body really does
     require protection against oxidation by oxygen and reactive oxygen
     particles. Oxidation is the most important cause of tissue ageing.
     So, how does our skin protect itself against constant exposure to
     oxygen-rich air? By using the outer layer of dead skin cells.
     Leiden chemists, under the supervision of Dr Claude Backendorf,
     discovered that these skin cells contain antioxidants: so-called
     SPPR proteins. The researchers’ publication in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology
     was highly praised. Backendorf felt honoured: ‘This shows that our results have made an
     impression in the world of dermatology.’
                                                                                          Brain, genes and environment in social anxiety
                                                     The odds that a person will develop a social anxiety disorder at some point in his or her
                                                    life are 7 to 13%. People suffering from this disorder are extremely shy, which can lead to
                                                   much personal suffering; social occasions often become a hell. The Leiden Social Anxiety
                                                    Network is conducting a thorough investigation of the disorder. The researchers have set
                                                   up a Family Lab so they can find out more about the interaction between brain, genes and
                                                   environment. This interdisciplinary group studies both body and mind in entire families
                                                       and groups of in-laws. The study makes use of state-of-the-art techniques, from brain
                                                                        scans to blood tests and from personality tests to environment studies.

                                               People with the genetic BDNF 'met' variant tend
                                  to drink more alcohol because they are more susceptible to
                                stress, according to a study by Leiden psychologists. 24 May

                                                                                                    Genes play a role in eating disorders
                  Are you easily thrown off           People with an eating disorder are more perfectionist and more impulsive than people
  balance after a disappointment? If so, you                 without eating disorders. This can partially be explained by genetic differences,
                                                              according to the findings of PhD research carried out by Rita Slot-Op ’t Landt,         13
may have a higher chance of succumbing to
                                                       nutrition expert at the Ursula Eating Disorders Centre. One of the genetic risk factors

                                                                                                                                                  IMPAC T ON bO dy ANd mINd
depression, as PhD research by psychologist           is the TPH2 gene. It often appears in combination with a higher degree of impulsivity,
            Niki Antypa has shown. 21 June                including in people with an eating disorder. The same gene is involved in anorexia
                                                              nervosa and in eating disorders characterised by self-induced vomiting. This is
                                                      interesting, because the TPH2 gene is also involved in determining the quantity of the
                                                          neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain. Serotonin plays a role in the regulation of
                                                                                           food intake, impulse control, mood and sexuality.

                                                                                                  Family Lab: studying complex problems
                                                 Abuse within the family, obesity, social anxiety disorder – these are all complex issues which
                                               require different disciplines and different levels of explanation. ‘From molecule to neighbour-
                                               hood,’ in the words of Rien van IJzerdoorn, Professor Child and Family Studies. It is with this
                                               in mind that he studies these and other problems, together with biologists, medical specialists
                                                  and other experts, in the new family lab. These researchers look at a number of generations,
                                               and, for instance in the case of abuse, they investigate not only stress hormones but also brain
                                                activity as a response to images of violence within the family. Psychological research into the
                                                   way family members solve conflicts, interviews with people in the neighbourhood and the
                                                                                  broader social network help create a more complete picture.
Portrait of Minerva by Erwin Olaf.
The goddess Minerva has a dual role:
as goddess of war during the siege
and relief of Leiden, and as goddess of
wisdom. Olaf has created a photographic
image of Minerva, bearing a shield and
holding a book, replicating the way she
has been portrayed in the University’s
logo since its foundation in 1575.

with 36 models, most of them from Leiden,
a major production team and experts from
Leiden university and de Lakenhal museum,
erwin olaf held a three­day photo shoot in the
pieterskerk in Leiden. he created an impressive
tableau there, combining historical imagery,
photographic techniques and his own artistic
                                                                        Impact in Leiden

                                                                        a vISUaL FeaST

                                                                        The photographs were taken in the Pieterskerk. Olaf had plan-
                                                                        ned the work in advance to the minutest detail: ‘By placing the
                                                                        tableau in the Pieterskerk and working together with actors and
a 21st­century historical work of art by none other than photogra­      models from all layers of the Leiden population, I wanted to create
pher erwin olaf, exhibitions, lectures and a book on famous sieges:     a link between the images and the inhabitants of Leiden. Not only
these are just some of Leiden university’s many contributions to        this, the multitude of details makes the work a visual feast for the
the 2011 celebration of Leiden’s relief. all in all, a clear reminder   viewer.’ Olaf’s work was a great success. The portraits of historical
of how fundamentally the 3 october celebrations are linked to the       figures, the glowing Minerva virgin, and the still life contrasting
foundation of the university.                                           Spanish abundance and Leiden hunger are absolutely worth seeing.
                                                                        The Leiden University Library exhibited the figure pieces, and the
Olaf’s photograph is a monumental piece of work. In the foreground      large historical work could be seen in the Leiden Lakenhal Museum
are half-naked men and women, wasting away from hunger and              as part of the exhibition on ‘Freedom! Leiden’s Relief 1574-2011’.
the plague. There are proud governors, beggars, banners and the         Leiden historians and students of history made a significant               15
goddess Minerva, not to mention plague doctors with bird masks          contribution to this interactive family exhibition.

                                                                                                                                                 IMPAC T IN LEIdEN
who can be seen carrying away a corpse. The drama and composi-
tion of the image may well be a light-hearted reference to classical    Besieged
historical works, but the content is based as closely as possible on    For Leiden, but also for many Dutchmen outside the City of Keys,
historical research, with a few modern touches, such as reading         the siege and relief of Leiden are archetypical of the fight for free-
glasses and an iPod.                                                    dom that lay at the heart of the foundation of our country. The
                                                                        book Beleaguered and Besieged, published to coincide with the 125th
Historical work                                                         anniversary of the 3 October Association, places the siege of Leiden
Erwin Olaf was commissioned by the University and the Lakenhal          in an international context. A number of authors, almost all of
Museum to make a monumental historical work of art and six              them affiliated with Leiden University, contributed to creating
photographic figure pieces and still life works around the theme        a diverse image of cities that have been besieged in the course of
of Leiden’s Relief. The commission was to produce a work that           history, from ancient Troy to present-day Sarajevo and Beirut.
portrayed what may well be considered the most significant of           Leiden Professor of Dutch History Judith Pollman describes how
Leiden’s traditions: the relief of the siege of Leiden on 3 October     the stories about the Relief of Leiden have been adapted and embel-
1574. The Relief of Leiden has been the subject of works of art since   lished over time. For instance, a third of the Leiden population
the 17th century, although this rather bombastic style of historio-     died of the plague, but in the historiography, the main cause of
graphy declined in the 20th century. However, this commission is        death is given as starvation. There is a reason for this: the whole
a perfect match for Olaf’s oeuvre: he is known for shunning neither     population of the city – young and old, rich and poor – dying from
controversy nor drama.                                                  lack of food reinforces the myth of the people of Leiden united in
                                                                        their suffering.
     in 2011, our eminent researchers were once again generously funded by organisations such as the
     european research council, nwo, nasa and the dutch cancer society (kwf). thanks to these grants,
     we are able to continue to develop our knowledge in the most varied fields: from the iron age to quantum
     mechanics, from bladder cancer to galactic collisions, and from ‘dark energy’ to amerindian languages.

     four erc advanced grants                                                  ‘Astronomers know     language diversity of the area and shed
     for Leiden research                                                       quite a lot about     light on the history of the American popu-
     Four Leiden researchers are awarded an                                    adult planetary       lation. Research into the relationships and
     Advanced Investigator Grant by the Euro-                                  systems, for          the contacts between the various languages
     pean Research Council. This grant of up                                   instance our own      can provide insight into the chronology
     to 3.5 million euro is awarded only to the                                solar system, but     and the migration routes of the population
     most influential science pioneers.                                        how these systems     from North to South America.
                                                                               form is an entirely
                              Chemistry is a versa-    different field, which is currently still                             The Mayan calendar
                              tile field. You can      largely separate.’ Astrochemist Prof. Ewine                           played an important
                              use it to investigate    van Dishoeck investigates the origin of                               role in the ancient
                              the origin of diseases   solar systems by focusing the Atacama                                 civilisations of
16                            in the molecules in      Large Millimeter Array (ALMA), a radio                                Central America.
                              the membranes of         telescope in Chile, on solar systems in                               Even today the
                              the cells. Or, as an     the making. ‘They are actually gas clouds                             indigenous commu-
                              astrochemist, you        which as a result of gravity slowly cluster                           nities make use of
     can unravel the chemical birth of solar           together into stars and planets. By obser-    traditional healing methods and other
     systems with the newest radio telescopes.         ving them with this telescope, we hope to     rituals based on the old calendar system.
     Prof. Hermen Overkleeft is investigating          learn more about the proportion of water      Until now little attention has been paid to
     ‘glycolipids’. These are the most important       and organic molecules in such a cloud.’       preserving these fast-disappearing, ancient
     building blocks of the membranes that                                                           cultural customs. Professor of Archaeology
     surround cells and separate them inter-                                   Willem Adelaar,       Maarten Jansen will be carrying out
     nally into compartments. These essential                                  Leiden Professor      research in Mexico and Guatemala to
     molecules have a complex metabolism.                                      of Amerindian         determine how important the role of
     Overkleeft’s primary aim is to acquire                                    Languages and         the calendar still is.
     better insight into storage diseases. In                                  Cultures, will
     these rare hereditary diseases, the enzymes                               be carrying out
     that break down glycolipids are much less                                 research on the         NWO awards twenty young, recently
     active. ‘As a result, some of the molecules                               relations between     graduated Leiden researchers a VENI grant
     are not sufficiently broken down and the          Central American and South American
     residue accumulates.’                             Amerindian languages. His aim is to use       of 250,000 euro each. 18 October
                                                       this subsidy to bring order to the enormous
1 february                                                                                        29 March
a criticaL Look at the fundaments of physics                                                      Leiden postdoc Evghenii Gaburov, expert
Despite the revolutionary scientific contribution of quantum mechanics, the question remains:     in galactic collisions, is one of NASA’s
how fundamental is this theory? Using measurements on small mirrors at extremely low              Hubble Fellows 2011. With this prestigious
temperatures, researchers investigate the possible frontiers of quantum mechanics and             grant from NASA, he will spend the
four-dimensional space-time.                                                                      coming three years in the US, pursuing his
This is the description on the website of NWO, which awarded a VICI grant of 1.3 million          research on the discs around super-heavy
euro to Prof. Dirk Bouwmeester. It is one of the Netherlands’ largest scientific grants           black holes.
to an individual researcher.
Bouwmeester’s pioneering research on quantum teleportation, three-particle quantum                15 September
entanglement and quantum cloning allows him to take a critical look at the fundaments             Six PhD candidates from Leiden University
of physics.                                                                                       are being financed by the NWO’s Graduate
                                                                                                  Programme, two from the Leiden De Sitter
                                                                                                  Programme in Cosmology and four from           17
                                                                                                  the Leiden University Centre for Linguistics
                                                 30 August                                        Graduate Programme.
                                                 more than haLf a miLLion
14 April                                         for research on BLadder                          30 September
Life in the earLy iron                           cancer                                           Learning to see what
age in israeL                                    ‘We expect that just a small proportion          we do not see
What was daily life like in a city three         of the cancer cells are responsible for all      What is matter? The question seems simple,
thousand years ago, on the territory of          the damage. We want to know exactly how          but according to physicists the largest part
modern-day Israel? Prof. Jürgen Zangen-          these cells behave,’ says researcher Dr Gabri    of the mass of the universe consists of
berg (Theology and Archaeology) and his          van der Pluijm, of the Urology Department        what is called ‘dark matter’, and nobody
colleague Stefan Münger of the University        of the LUMC.                                     knows what that is. And then there is also
of Bern in Switzerland will soon be              The urologists were granted 550,000 euro         ‘dark energy’ – the invisible source of the
publishing their findings on this subject.       by the Dutch Cancer Society (KWF) for            universe’s ever faster expansion.
Their work was made possible thanks              their research on tumour stem cells in           ‘There is clearly something fundamentally
to funding that included a 30,000 dollar         bladder cancer and how they spread. The          wrong with our knowledge of the universe,’
subsidy from the Shelby White - Leon Levy        researchers hope that insight into the           says cosmologist Dr Henk Hoekstra. With
Program for Archaeological Publications.         interaction between tumour stem cells and        an ERC Grant, a European research grant
In the coming years, we will learn more          their environment will lead to improved          of 1.3 million euro, he aims to develop new
about their archaeological findings from         treatment for bladder cancer. Bladder            measuring techniques such as the gravi-
the early Iron Age (1150-950 BC), excavated      cancer is currently difficult to treat because   tational lens, based on Einstein’s insight
near Tel Kinrot on the Sea of Galilee.           the disease so often recurs.                     that light is bent by gravity.
     Impact in books                                                                         Coping With the Gods.
                                                                                             Wayward Readings in Greek
     LeIdeN’S bookSHeLF                                                                      Theology
                                                                                             H.S. Versnel
                                                                                             Inspired by a critical reconsideration
     every year, Leiden scholars publish books and articles on a broad                       of current monolithic approaches
     range of topics, from purely academic to popular­scientific works.                      to the study of Greek religion, this
     greek religion, migration and minorities, europeanisation: these                        book argues that the ancient Greeks
     are just a few of the subjects about which Leiden scholars have                         displayed a disquieting capacity to
     written in 2011.                                                                        validate two (or more) dissonant,
                                                                                             if not contradictory, representations
                                                                                             of the divine world in a complemen-
     globalisation                                   archaeology                             tary rather than mutually exclusive
     The Encyclopaedia Of                            The Death of                            manner.
     Migration And Minorities                        Archaeological Theory
     In Europe; From The 17th                        John Bintliff and Mark Pearce
     Century To The Present                          (eds.)
     Klaus J. Bade, Pieter C. Emmer,                 This work addresses the provoca-
     Leo Lucassen & Jochen Oltmer                    tive subject of whether it is time to
     (eds.)                                          discount the burden of somewhat
     The encyclopaedia offers a system-              dogmatic theory and ideology that
18   atic overview of the regions and                has built up over the last 25 years.
     countries which have made up
     Europe over the last few centuries
     with an inventory of 220 migrant                history
     groups in Europe: from the Sephar-              Reading Huizinga
     dic Jews who were driven out of                 Willem Otterspeer                       history
     Spain and Portugal in the 16th and              Huizinga was one of the founders of     Catholic Identity and the
     17th centuries and who ended up in              cultural history in the Netherlands.    Revolt of the Netherlands,
     the Netherlands, to modern-day                  This work is a magical tour of the      1520-1635
     pensioners who move South, looking              circumstances and qualities that        Judith Pollmann
     for the sun.                                    can help to appreciate the mind and     Mining the unusually rich diaries,
                                                     spirit of the man who wrote some        memoirs, and poems written by
                                                     of the most enduring classics of the    Netherlandish Catholics, Judith
                                                     twentieth century.                      Pollmann explores how Catholic
                                                                                             believers experienced religious and
                                                                                             political turmoil in the generations
                                                                                             between Erasmus and Rubens.
cultural disciplines                                                  history
Changing our textual minds                                            The Correspondence of Elizabeth Stuart Queen of
Adriaan van der Weel                                                  Bohemia, Volume II 1632-1642
This work analyses the continui-                                      Nadine Akkerman
ties and discontinuities in textual                                   ‘Seated behind her desk, she initiated and influenced embassies,
transmission as we move from a                                        conventions, ambassadorial meetings, sieges, and skirmishes
print paradigm into an increasingly                                   that had kept a war-torn early modern Europe in its grip.’ These
digital world. It conceptualises the                                  letters completely belie the popular image of Elizabeth as a
transition from analogue to digital                                   frivolous and extravagant royal consort.
both in factual terms and in terms of
its social significance.

                                                                      Convergence and Europeanisation : the political
                                                                      economy of social and labour market policies
                                                                      Olaf van Vliet
                                                                      Based on quantitative analyses of welfare state changes since the
                                                                      1980s in EU and other OECD countries, this study provides a
                                                                      number of new insights into the research on the Europeanisation
                                                                      of welfare states.

                        historical sociolinguistics   Law                                        Biology

                                                                                                                                          IMPAC T IN bO OKS
                                                                                                                                          IMPAC T IN bOEK EN
      Joseph Priestley, Grammarian.                   The war on antisocial                      Flora Malesiana –
   Late Modern English normativism                    behaviour : rationale                      Cucurbitaceae
      and usage in a sociohistorical                  underlying antisocial                      W.J.J.O. de Wilde and B.E.E.
                            context                   behaviour policies:                        Duyfjes
                               Robin Straaijer        comparing British and                      The flora contains an overview of all
      Using a multi-disciplinary approach, this       Dutch discourse analyses                   Cucurbitaceae, wild and cultivated,
    book investigates Priestley’s role as a codi-     Monique Koemans                            for the Malesian area (Indonesia, East
   fier of the English language, demonstrating        This study focuses on local develop-       Timor, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam,
      that the influence of Priestley’s grammar       ments, addressing the issue of anti-       Singapore, the Philippines and Papua
     on the language has been underestimated          social behaviour and analysing the         New Guinea). In total 152 taxa are
                      and merits re-evaluation.       Dutch judicial, political, media and       treated, most of them illustrated.
                                                      public discourse on ASB.
                    The Leiden Observatory was
                    modelled on the exquisite Royal
                    Observatory of Saint Petersburg.

                                                                         Impact in Leiden (II)

                                                                         THe LeIdeN obServaTory,
                                                                         reSTored To ITS Former

the Leiden observatory is almost unreal in its beauty. after 150         Professional craftsmen
years, the oldest still working academic observatory in the world        The Observatory has now been restored, with respect for its
has regained its glory. following a number of years of restoration,      history; it has been adapted to modern times and is currently in
the festive reopening took place on 26 october 2011. the restora­        use as a lecture building for the Faculties in the centre of Leiden,
tion involved many specialists who were skilled in traditional tech­     particularly the Law Faculty. Many professional craftsmen were
niques. the building is now once again in use, mainly as a teaching      involved in the restoration. For instance, the domes of the roof
location for Leiden Law students.                                        were removed (the first one by former Minister of Education,
                                                                         Culture and Science Ronald Plasterk) and restored in a special,
Kaiser’s initiative                                                      temporary workplace in front of the building. The zinc cover was
The history of the Observatory began in 1640 on the roof of the          removed and new zinc applied, which once again brightly reflects
Academy Building, where the quadrant of Snellius was installed.          the sun. The colours of the interior – predominantly ochre – were        21
And it was to remain for two hundred years on that same roof.            chosen on the basis of the colours that were found in the older

                                                                                                                                                IMPAC T IN LEIdEN
The turning point came late in the 19 th century with Prof. Frederik     paint layers. A specialist was found who applied the many square
Kaiser, who had worked at the Observatory as a young man before          metres of marble paint with endless dedication, just as it was
entering the University as a student of Astronomy. Kaiser was a          applied all those years ago.
gifted lobbyist who did everything in his power to realise a proper
new observatory in Leiden. When his dream finally came true, he          Visitor Centre
aimed for the best: he took the exquisite Royal Observatory of Saint     New elements have also been added: a lift, a new staircase and a
Petersburg as his model. The Leiden Observatory opened its doors         modern, high-tech restaurant kitchen. In addition, the basement
in 1860.                                                                 has been dug out further in order to house an Astronomy Visitor
                                                                         Centre. The relationship with the Hortus Botanicus, which at one
Expanded and renovated                                                   time reluctantly gave up ground for the building of the Observa-
The modern-day Leiden Observatory is no longer the same build-           tory, has also been restored: visitors to the Hortus can access the
ing as in the early days: it has been extended and renovated many        Observatory through the gardens.
times, in order to accommodate new, larger instruments, but also
to improve the quality of living. Because it really was lived in: both   Financing
by professors, who each had their own individual preferences,            Old buildings, however beautiful, can also sometimes be a burden.
and by other members of staff. After the Astronomy Department            The restoration was a very expensive business, financed from a
moved to a new location in the Leeuwenhoek in 1974, the Observa-         planned house-building scheme at the start of the Sterrewachtlaan
tory received only minimal attention. In the following years, it fell    and a grant from the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.
dramatically into disrepair.
                       Impact in the media

                       a LeIdeN TINT To
                       CUrreNT eveNTS

                       all of a sudden, there she stood in the middle of the table on         disaster happened, and was woken up by an editor of Dutch TV
                       popular dutch tv programme pauw & witteman, performing an              programme De Wereld Draait Door.’
                       elegant belly dance while the other guests looked on in surprise.
                       it was 11 february 2011 and monique samuel, a student from             It quickly became clear to both academics that much of the media
                       Leiden, was celebrating the resignation of egyptian president          was not too critical in its analysis of the conduct of the Japanese
                       mubarak earlier that day.                                              population. The clichés being bandied around were that the Japa-
                                                                                              nese are emotionless, put the interests of the group before them-
                       Samuel had already appeared several times as a guest on Pauw           selves and are extremely respectful of authority. Reason enough
                       & Witteman to give her interpretation of the developments in the       for Smits, Cwiertka and their colleague Ethan Mark to try to inject
   22                  Egyptian version of the Arab Spring. For many TV programmes,           some nuances of expert opinion into the reporting.
                       Samuel, as a political scientist and student of International Rela-

                       tions and Diplomacy at Leiden, and with a half-Egyptian back-          The gist of their message was that not all Japanese people are the
                       ground, was an interesting guest.                                      same and that, furthermore, the fact that the Japanese react differ-
                                                                                              ently from the Dutch in such a situation certainly does not mean
                       She was not the only Leiden expert who regularly appeared in the       that they do not have any emotions. After all, the Netherlands is
                       media in 2011. Leiden had many news editors on the line after the      not the measure of everything. Smits and Cwiertka wrote in a press
                       disaster in Japan. In the early spring, Japan was hit by the biggest   report that ‘Japan is a complex country populated by real people. In
                       crisis in its post-war history: a strong earthquake and devastating    order to understand this it helps to talk to people who look beyond
                       tsunami, followed by critical problems with a series of nuclear        the clichés.’

                         The news is never completely clear-cut, and
                         there are so many different aspects that warrant

                       Complex country
                       Ivo Smits, Professor of the Arts and Cultures of Japan, and Katar-
                       zyna Cwiertka, Professor of Modern Japan, received a deluge of
                       requests for comments. Smits explains: ‘I was in the US when the
Student Monique Samuel celebrating the resignation
of Egyptian President Mubarak on the Pauw &
Witteman programme.

      Important remark                                                 23
      Beatrice de Graaf, senior university lecture at the Centre

                                                                     IMPAC T IN dE mEdIA
      for Terrorism and Counterterrorism, has been a welcome
      guest in the media for a number of years. In June 2011, she
      was one of the first experts in the Netherlands to place the
      killing spree of Anders Breivik in Oslo and on the island of
      Utøya in a broader context. Her analysis was that he was a
      lone wolf driven by extreme right-wing ideas.

      During the Big Media Debate at Utrecht University, De
      Graaf made an important remark about experts when they
      appear on TV: ‘It’s almost impossible to express shades of
      meaning on TV. It’s not that the experts don’t try but it
      just doesn’t come across. Viewers aren’t really interested
      and don’t appreciate the nuances. They have made up
      their mind after a few seconds and no longer listen to the

      For her and other Leiden academics this is, however, no
      reason simply to come up with an easy, palatable explana-
      tion. The news is never completely clear-cut and there are
      so many different aspects that warrant attention.
     phd degrees
     in 2011, Leiden university awarded 334 phd degrees to young researchers. this is an important
     step in their academic career. five noteworthy phd theses highlighted.

                                                                                                2 March
                                                                                                traumatic past not passed
                                                                                                from parent to chiLd
                                                                                                People who experience serious trauma in
                                                                                                childhood do not usually pass the neuro-
                                                                                                biological effects of the trauma on to their
                                                                                                children. This is the conclusion of the
                                                                                                thesis of Israeli education specialist Ayala
                                                                                                Fridman, who obtained her PhD at Leiden
                                                                                                University, studied a representative group
                                                                                                of women in Israel who had experienced
                                                                                                the Holocaust. She compared them with
                                                                                                peers who were already living in Israel
24                                                                                              during the Second World War. There
                                                                                                proved to be clear differences between
                                                                                                the two groups in terms of stress levels.
                                                                                                In their children, however, there were
     24 February                                                                                no such differences. Fridman’s optimistic
     miLitant femaLe in maLe Bastions: hiLda verwey­Jonker                                      conclusion is that children do not
     Margit van der Steen was awarded her PhD degree for her biography/thesis on Hilda          necessarily suffer as a result of the
     Verwey-Jonker (1908-2004). Few people are aware of how extraordinary her long career       traumatic past of their parents.
                                        was as a sociologist in politics and a woman in such
                                        male-dominated bastions as the United Nations,
                                        the SER (Social and Economic Council of the
                                        Netherlands) and the Dutch Senate.

                                         Her efforts for the emancipation of married women
                                         were pioneering, her conduct during the war coura-
                                         geous and her criticism of the multicultural society
                                         controversial. She was one of the first to point out
                                         the effects of the ageing of the population. Hilda
                                         Vervwey-Jonker continued to be controversial and
                                         militant to the very end.
                                                                                                   22 June
                                                                                                   voters’ suspicions
31 May                                                                                             Many people think that once political
promising phd student with hundreds of citations                                                   parties are in government they fail to
‘Anton already has the track record of a budding professor,’ says physicist Prof. Carlo            keep their election promises. In his PhD
Beenakker of his PhD student, Russian physicist Anton Akhmerov.                                    research, political scientist Tom Louwerse
His PhD thesis is about graphene and topological materials – two revolutionary new toys            looked at whether they are right.
for physicists, with properties that bring superfast quantum computers and super-small             He analysed election manifestos and party
nano-applications a step closer.                                                                   lines in parliamentary debates. What
Akhmerov devised a mathematical description of how electrons rebound on the edge of                proved to be the case? In the last sixty
a piece of graphene. He also considered Majorana fermions, particles that have not yet been        years, the relationship between promises
seen by the human eye. With hundreds of citations, he was one of the most promising PhD            and policy has even improved. Further-
students of 2011 and the possible founder of the technology of the future.                         more, in comparison with the situation in
                                                                                                   England, where political power and policy        25
                                                                                                   are more directly related, the Dutch politi-
                                                                                                   cal system works relatively well.
         Elderly people are not a problem and they are by no means boring,                         Louwerse comments: ‘Some people are
      concluded anthropologist Manja Bomhoff in her PhD research. She                              very quick to say that it is all a farce. But
                                                                                                   when it comes down to it, it’s not so bad
      studied the social relations of middle-class elderly people in India and                     after all.’
      in the Netherlands. In both countries, many elderly people remain
      extremely active and full of zest for life. 24 November

                                               5 October
                                               Literature in Leiden eLite hoBBy in 19 th century
                                               Rick Honings, an expert in Dutch language and culture, showed in his thesis that
                                               19 th-century literature does not deserve its rather boring image.
                                               Honings is the first to publish a monograph about the whole period when Leiden was a
                                               flourishing literary city. ‘It was a fantastic time full of wonderful stories and exciting events:
                                               Bilderdijk calling Jacoba van Beieren a whore, houses smeared with faeces during the
                                               Patriot era: there was a great deal going on. I also tried to describe the cultural-historical
                                               context because although it was a prosperous period, the Netherlands was primarily a poor
                                               country and literature was an elite hobby.’
                    Impact of Alumni

                    LeIdeN aLUmNI TaLk
                    aboUT THeIr FIrST job
                    each year hundreds of students graduate from Leiden and storm
                    the labour market, eager to make their contribution to society.
                    how do these young professionals experience their first job?

                                                                                                                          iris siereveld ‘My student life at Leiden
                    mariette haak (26) studied health psychology. she now works as a health                               has been a great help.’
                    promoter at the central holland municipal health service in Leiden.
                                                                                              after her degree in criminal law, iris siereveld (27) found a job straight
                    What does a health promoter do?                                           away as personal assistant to a member of parliament.
                    ‘My primary focus is to promote the health of children in primary
                    education. For example, I inform them about alcohol, smoking and          How did you find the job so quickly?
                    sexuality but I also organise separate projects such as the promotion     ‘At the end of my degree I did a placement at a court of law. A judge
                    of healthy snacks.’                                                       I worked with there turned out to be married to a Member of
                    Are you enjoying working life?                                            Parliament. When he was looking for a new assistant, she told
  26                ‘I love it! My job is reasonably flexible, which means I can often        me about the vacancy. I applied for the job straight away and
                    determine my own working hours. I also really like the fact that          was selected.’

                    I don’t have to study in the evening or at the weekend any more.          What makes your work enjoyable?
                    And, of course, I’m not complaining about the salary either.’             ‘It’s very varied. I do secretarial things such as managing the diary
                    What is your biggest challenge?                                           and receiving visitors, but I can also get my teeth into weightier
                    ‘The contact with parents; they don’t always appreciate my well-          matters, such as preparing a parliamentary debate or drafting
                    meaning advice about bringing up their children. I still have to          written questions to the minister.’
                    find a way of dealing with this particular resistance.’                   Such a job must really stir people’s imagination.
                    Does this make the job any less enjoyable?                                ‘Yes, definitely. I’m right in the middle of current events, so people
                    ‘On the contrary, the work is really interesting and varied. I’d like     often ask me about things they hear in the news. Everyone who
                    to stay here forever. This really is my ideal job!’                       visits wants a guided tour. The House of Representatives is an
                                                                                              inspiring place to work. It’s a privilege to be able to work here.’
                                                                                              Has your Leiden degree been a help?
                                                                                              ‘The biggest help has been my student life at Leiden. I was chair
                                                                                              of student association SSR. In that position you have to work with
                                                                                              people but you also learn to weigh up different interests and be
                                                                                              assertive. I am reaping the rewards of that now.’

                                                                                                                          mariette haak
                                                                                                                          ‘I’d like to stay here forever.
                                                                                                                          This really is my ideal job.'
                     marco van woerden ‘I'm going to
                        start my PhD research soon.’

marco van woerden (24) studied physics in Leiden, then went to
work for cern, the european Laboratory for particle physics, in

What are you working on at the moment?
‘Our project is really all about finding the Higgs Particle,
the missing particle that will complete the standard model in
physics. In CERN’s large particle accelerator, protons collide
at high speed. I use an ATLAS detector, an instrument as big
as Notre Dame in Paris, to study the fragments left over after
such a collision, in the hope of discovering something extra-
Is it an exciting environment?
‘Incredibly exciting and, in contrast to what most people
think, it’s also a really open environment. I’ve shown round
loads of tourists and explained what we do here. I see that as
a big challenge: justifying to myself and the outside world that
the work at CERN is important and useful.’
And do you feel useful?
‘Yes, although I spend 50 to 60 per cent of my time in front of a
computer. I would prefer to spend more time in the laboratory,
but as a junior researcher that’s not currently an option.’
What are your plans for the future?
‘I’m going to start my PhD research soon. I will then be
looking mainly at the alignment of the ATLAS detector, which
is crucial for making good measurements. Only then will
we finally be able to find that elusive Higgs Particle!’
     Impact in Research and Education

     LeIdeN SCoreS HIGH
     IN aNNUaL raNkINGS                                                            Times Higher Education:
                                                                                   ‘A brilliant year for the
                                                                                   In this year’s Times Higher Educa-
                                                                                   tion World University Ranking,
                                                                                   Leiden climbed from 124th to 79th
         Leiden university’s teaching and                                          place. Each year, the Times Higher
         research are highly rated across                                          Education magazine presents the
         the world. Leiden’s position has                                          top 200 universities in the world.
         risen in many annual rankings,                                            It looks at a number of categories
         and programmes such as mathe­                                             including teaching, research impact
         matics and Law are considered      Leiden climbs Shanghai Ranking         (citations) and innovation.
         the best in the country.           Leiden also scored highly in the       Leiden also performed well in
                                            2011 Academic Ranking of World         the Arts & Humanities research
                                            Universities by the University of      area, where it took 35th place. The
                                            Shanghai, climbing five places in      Netherlands has had some excel-
                                            this annual top 500 to take 65th       lent successes this year, and is the
28                                          place.                                 third knowledge country after the
                                            The most important criteria of the     United States and the United King-
                                            Shanghai Ranking are the number        dom. ‘This has been a brilliant year
                                            of publications by staff in journals   for the Netherlands,’ commented
                                            such as Nature and Science, and the    Phil Baty, Editor of Times Higher
                                            number of awards such as Nobel         Education.
                                            Prizes and Field Medals (a type
                                            of Nobel Prize for mathematics)
                                            received by a university’s staff and
International Student                                                             Guide to Higher Education:
Barometer: ‘Leiden University is                                                  Leiden number one
world class'                                                                      According to the new 2012 Guide to
Leiden as a whole achieved top                                                    Higher Education in the Nether-
position, according to the results of                                             lands (Keuzegids Universiteiten
the International Student Baro-          National Student Survey:                 2012) Leiden shares first place with
meter from the summer of 2011.           Leiden scores well in key areas          Nijmegen as the country’s best
This survey by leading educational       Most of Leiden’s scores in the           university. Leiden’s Law Faculty
research organisation I-Graduate         2011 National Student Survey are         wins particular praise. Further-
asks international students every        around 3.5 (on a five-point scale). In   more, six of Leiden University’s
six months about their experiences       comparison with other universities,      programmes are considered the best
regarding the teaching at their insti-   Leiden scored particularly well          in the Netherlands, namely China
tution and about their stay. Of those    on the subjects of lecturers,            Studies, Film and Literary Studies,
surveyed in Leiden, 96 per cent were     programme content, exams and             Computer Science, Law, Crimi-
satisfied with their lecturers’ exper-   assessments, study load and              nology and Mathematics, with
tise in their field and with their       accommodation. However, there            Maths scoring an impressive 8.4.
mastery of the English language,         is room for improvement. Many            History, Tax Law, Political Science,
80 per cent were positive about their    students, for example, want more         English Language and Culture, and
stay and 75 per cent would recom-        attention to be paid to preparing for    Education and Child Studies took
mend Leiden to others. Vice-Rector       their professional careers, and there    second place. The Centre for Higher         29
Magnificus Simone Buitendijk is          is also dissatisfaction with uSis,       Education Information (Centrum

                                                                                                                         IMPAC T IN RESE ARcH ANd EdUc ATION
proud of this performance but is         the new student administration           Hoger Onderwijs Informatie), which
not resting on her laurels: ‘We want     system. Somewhat less than a third       publishes the Consumer Guide each
to maintain this high level and raise    of all Leiden students took part         year, compared the University’s
it where necessary.’                     in the survey. The University is         programmes on the basis of perfor-
                                         considering the results and aims to      mance and the verdicts of students
                                         make the necessary improvements.         and experts.
     Jaap de hoop scheffer ‘A leader is
     permanently in the searchlight of the media.’

at the final meeting of the Lapp­top programme at
the faculty of Law, the pupils pleaded their case in
a moot court.

‘We all aim for at least an eight;
a six is just not good enough.’
Impact with our teaching

exTra CHaLLeNGeS For
Leiden university offers truly ambitious students extra challenges,     attached to the programme in the role of talent coach, supervising,
such as the Leiden Leadership programme and the honours college.        encouraging and inspiring the students.
future students can participate in the pre­university college.          One of the students participating in the programme is Denise
                                                                        Verkroost (19). She studied Law and also followed the Honours
Leiden Leadership Programme: for future leaders                         College in Law. Denise: ‘You make a lot of contacts in legal practice
The Leiden Leadership Programme, the new programme for ambi-            and you have the best lecturers. Everyone in the programme is
tious master’s students, started officially on 30 September 2011 with   highly motivated and always comes to the lectures well-prepared.
a seminar in the Academy Building. The programme has been set           We all aim for at least an eight; a six is just not good enough.’
up specially for students who are interested in leadership in order     Eva Goth (23) is taking part in the Honours College in Philosophy
to give them the opportunity to further develop their knowledge         in parallel with her Art History programme. She is particularly
and skills in this field. As part of the programme, the students have   keen on the combination of both in-depth and broad-based
to carry out a practical assignment at one of the sixteen organisa-     teaching. ‘In-depth because the subjects are a good match for
tions and companies that have designed the programme together           my specialist field, and broad-based because there are a number
with the University. Support is provided in the form of skills          of subjects that everybody follows together, from Art History
training and three knowledge seminars during which the parti-           to Chemistry. That makes it really interesting, because we look             31
cipants are able to exchange experiences. At the opening seminar        at the same subject in very different ways.’

                                                                                                                                                IMPAC T WITH OUR TE AcHINg
the students gained an insight into the views of two experienced
leaders on the subject of leadership. Ben Vree, CEO of the North        Pre-University College: a valuable extra
Sea Group, stressed the fact that people are an organisation’s most     Leiden University not only focuses on the present generation of
important asset. A leader has to be able to recruit, retain and moti-   students who want a more challenging programme, but also on
vate his or her people. ‘Without people, there’s no need for leaders    talented pre-university pupils. The Pre-University College was
or leadership!’ Former Secretary-General of NATO and former             set up to cater specifically for this target group. Participants come
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, made it clear       to Leiden every Monday for lectures in a broad-based, two-year
that as a leader you are permanently in the media searchlight.          programme, during which they get to know a range of disciplines
‘And today that includes social media,’ the former Minister             in different faculties. These PRE students are selected on the basis
stressed. ‘It takes just a nanosecond for a hype to get started.’       of their broad interests and their academic attitude.

Honours College offers both in-depth and broad-based                    PRE student Gabriëlle Arntz explains why she takes part in the
programmes                                                              programme: ‘I believe it is a valuable addition to my school career,
Motivated bachelor’s students are also catered for, in Leiden’s         and I hope that PRE will help me choose the right subject to study
Honours College. Within this programme, those students who              at university.’ PRE also organises LAPP-Top, a programme in
‘want more and are capable of more’ are given the opportunity           which future students can gain a close understanding of a particu-
to develop their talents to the full. Each year of the bachelor’s       lar theme of their choosing, in a series of five to eight sessions.
programme offers a comprehensive package of activities along-           This year there were 393 applications for the seventeen different
side the standard programme. Ambitious students no longer need          programmes. The most popular subjects were Bio-Pharmaceutical
to seek the extra challenge themselves. There is also a lecturer        Sciences, Life Science & Technology, Law and Psychology.
     in 2011, researchers from Leiden looked farther into space than ever before, made virtual copies
     of us humans, analysed problems relating to migrants and helped young children with adhd learn
     to read. this is just a small selection of the many captivating, often practical and sometimes
     simply thrilling research findings.

     27 January
     a view of a very young universe
     With the Hubble space telescope’s new infrared camera, Leiden astronomer Dr Rychard
     Bouwens can see farther into space than ever before – a distance of more than thirteen
     billion light years – to a universe that is only 480 million years old.
     ‘It seems that we really are seeing the beginning of the beginning,’ says Bouwens.
     At that time, stellar systems were evolving faster than astronomers expected.

32   30 June
     An international group of astronomers,           Research shows that stellar
     including astronomers from Leiden, has         systems form either a great deal
     observed the oldest light ever. The light
     comes from a quasar – an object similar        or very few new stars. It seems that
     to a star – from the very origin of the        for the old stellar systems, too, it is
     universe. It is the clearest object that       a matter of ‘all or nothing’. 22 June
     has ever been observed.

                                                    15 March
                                                    hominids out in the coLd here for thousands of centuries
                                                    Given the European winters, a campfire would seem to have been a matter of life and death
                                                    for our hairless ancestors. The ability to control fire also offered other evolutionary advantages
                                                    such as preparing food, scaring off tigers and making tools.

                                                    Palaeontologists therefore assumed that hominids were already making fire one-and-a-half
                                                    million years ago. However, Leiden archaeologist Prof. Wil Roebroeks and his American
                                                    colleague Prof. Paola Villa have concluded that hominids survived hundreds of thousands
                                                    of years of European chill without fire.
                                                             Brain researchers from Leiden receive their
                                                          own MRI scanner. They will be looking at children
                                                          and adolescents, drugs, stress and language
                                                          development. 20 May

9 March                                     23 May
virtuaL identity LaB                        inauguraL Lecture By
studying ‘emBodied                          marLou schrover
cognition’                                  The one-sidedness of the public and
‘We make a virtual 3D copy of how people    political debate on migration is reproduced
experience themselves. We then experi-      in academia when academia should
mentally manipulate their self-image.’      actually analyse and explain this bias.
These are the words of cognitive psycho-    In her inaugural lecture, Professor of
logist Prof. Bernhard Hommel. He has        Migration History Marlou Schrover                Leiden manuscript from the
been awarded 200,000 euro by NWO to         discusses the problematisation                 beginning of La Galigo, the longest
create a Virtual Identity Lab. He intends   or alternatively the trivialisation of
to use cameras and sensors to record such   problems relating to migrants, laying some     epic poem in the world, included in the       33
things as eye movements, pupil size, hand   of the criticism at the doors of academia.     UNESCO World Heritage List. 25 May
movements, posture and facial expressi-     A salient detail from her speech was the
ons. He wants to gain an understanding      prediction in 1953 that there would soon       10 June
of our ‘cognition’, how we understand and   be a Catholic majority in the Netherlands,     Computer tutor helps young children with
interpret reality. Therapeutic uses are     much as how people now believe in              ADHD tendencies to pay attention. The
also on the horizon.                        ‘islamisation’.                                result of a reading experiment in 15 infant
                                                                                           groups is that learning to read becomes
                                                                                           more fun.

                                            27 October
                                            Leiden offers images of the atomic worLd
                                            ‘A nano image to order’ was one of the headlines at the opening of the Netherlands Centre
                                            for Electron Nanoscopy (NeCEN) in Leiden. The Centre has the two most advanced cryo-
                                            transmission electron microscopes in the world, that can zoom in on individual atoms.
                                            Other institutions and companies can reserve user time on these microscopes.
                                            The microscopes are intended for use in medical and biological research and product
                                            development. NeCEN was realised by ten academic partners, local and national authorities
                                            and businesses.
                      Impact on schools

                      earLy LearNING
                      Antibiotics in the classroom
                      See and experience in the classroom how antibiotics develop: this is
                      the way to get secondary schoolchildren enthusiastic about micro-
                      biology. It is these schoolchildren who will be the scientists of the
                      future. Wanted: Antibiotics!, a joint initiative of Leiden University
                      and the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, translates micro-
                      biological research to a wide public. The project won the Annual
                      Academic Prize 2011.
                      Scientists from Leiden and Rotterdam developed an accessible
                      practical lesson for use in secondary education, that was perfect
                      for curious budding scientists. They went in search of streptomyces     Medical students as teddy bear doctors
                      in soil they had brought along themselves, and showed that these        there seems to be a lot of pain and suffering among the dolls and
                      micro-organisms produce antibiotics.                                    cuddly toys of Leiden’s youngest inhabitants. at any rate, hundreds
                                                                                              of children were keen to don a white coat, at the invitation of the
                                                                                              Lumc, while their cuddly toys received a thorough, scientifically­based
                                    Can plants shoot? What did ancient                        programme of treatment. the annual teddy Bear hospital, an initiative
  34                             Japan look like? Academics from Leiden                       of the international federation of medical students’ associations (if­
                                                                                              msa), gives children the opportunity to take a look inside a hospital.
                                 University again worked on lectures

                                                                                              this is a welcome opportunity for children to overcome any fear they
                                 for children from eight to twelve years                      may have of doctors in white coats. fear of the unknown is quite com­
                                 of age at the MuseumYouthUniversity                          mon, after all. for their part, the students can practise dealing with
                                                                                              young patients, while making it fun for the children at the same time.

                      Curiosity and tolerance thanks to astronomy
                      To show children aged from four to ten the beauty and
                      immensity of the universe is the goal of the international
                      programme Universe Awareness for Young Children
                      (UNAWE) run by Leiden Professor of Astronomy George
                      Miley. In 2011, the European Union awarded a grant of
                      1.9 million euro to EUNAWE, a section of UNAWE.
                      The contact with the universe is intended to encourage
                      children, particularly those from deprived backgrounds,
                      to develop into curious, tolerant and internationally-orien-
                      ted adults. And maybe into the academics of the future.
                      Five hundred astronomers and lecturers in 40 countries
                      already participate in UNAWE.
  School pupils present their research
at their own Leiden Academic Congress
(Leidse Wetenschapscongres): the
Mozart effect, a homemade robot and
European populism. 10 June

   ‘Peek in your brain’
   for school pupils
   Prof. Eveline Crone, well-known for
   her book on The Teenage Brain (Het
   puberende brein), presented a teaching
   programme about the brain during
   Brain Awareness Week, from 14 to 19
   March. Primary and secondary school
   teachers can apply the programme
   straight away in biology lessons as
   well as in social studies and other
   subjects. Crone comments: ‘As well as
   writing this book, I also want to provide
   teachers with practical information for
   lessons. We based the lessons on our
   brain research, and translated it into
   young people’s sphere of experience. The
   latest scientific knowledge in the field of
   brain and cognition is one of the biggest
   advances of recent times but very
   little attention is paid to it in current
   teaching.’ You can find this interactive
   site at:
                       Impact in The Hague

                       SyNerGy beTweeN
                       LeIdeN aNd THe HaGUe

                       the hague, just 15 km from Leiden, is the political and administrative   Top institutes
                       capital of the netherlands, as well as an international centre for       From an academic viewpoint, Campus The Hague is a breeding
                       peace, law and security. for over a year now the city has also been      ground for innovative research, with prestigious institutes such
                       home to one of the faculties of Leiden university: campus the hague.     as the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies and the
                       this strategic location allows Leiden and the hague to benefit from      Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism. Both institutes aim
                       each other’s proximity, contacts, knowledge and expertise.               to tackle the major issues facing society today: peace, security and
                                                                                                the legitimacy of international justice. A further step was taken
                       Campus The Hague offers programmes in such disciplines as                in this direction in 2011 with the opening of The Hague Institute
                       International Law, Public Administration and Political Science.          for Global Justice. Several different institutions work together at
   36                  In addition, Leiden University has institutes in The Hague in the        this institute, including Leiden University, Clingendael and the
                       field of international governance, security and peace. With this         Municipality of The Hague. Its aim is to develop and disseminate

                       profile, the Campus meshes seamlessly with that of The Hague as          knowledge about peace and justice. Madeleine Albright, former
                       an international legal centre and headquarters of the International      US Secretary of State, is chair of the Advisory Board.
                       Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunal for the
                       former Yugoslavia and The Netherlands Institute of International
                       Relations Clingendael.

                       Professionals                                                              Campus The Hague’s prestigious institutes
                       Alongside the regular degree programmes, the Campus also offers            are a breeding ground for innovative research.
                       masterclasses for professionals. As an example, a course started in
                       2011 on the Netherlands as an immigration country, a hot topic in
                       the news at the moment.

                       Leiden University College, a three-year international bachelor’s
                       programme, is intended for excellent, young students. As is the
                       case in many anglophone countries, the students live and work
                       on campus; brand new, purpose-built accommodation in
                       the centre of The Hague opened in September 2011 to house them.
New student accommodation for Leiden
University College The Hague.

Staff of the Campus The Hague Faculty.

    Leiden photos in The Hague
    paris is possibly the most photographed city in the world.
    in 2011, the hague museum of photography therefore
    dedicated a special exhibition to the french capital: gare
    du nord: dutch photographers in paris 1900­1968. notre
    dame, montmartre and, of course, the photogenic
    parisians are all represented. some of the images in the
    exhibition were from Leiden university Library’s extensive
    photographic collection.

    curator wim van sinderen comments: ‘Leiden has an
    enormous photographic collection, in which you can still
    make real discoveries.’ for the exhibition about paris, he
    found 45 outstanding photos, which, together with about a
    hundred photos from other sources, provide a fascinating
    glimpse of the city of paris. the museum of photography’s
    collaboration with Leiden university Library has spanned
    ten years, and has already led to a number of different
    joint exhibitions.
     our teaching inspires and invites concentration and interaction. in 2011, Leiden’s
     best lecturer was again chosen and many young talents were awarded prizes.
     with new programmes and optional subjects, Leiden university continued to meet
     the needs of students and the market.

     8 February
     Bart van horck voted Best Lecturer
     Lecturer in Public Administration Bart van Horck won the annual Teaching Prize awarded
     by the Leiden Student Council (Leidse Studentenraad; LSr) and was thus voted best lecturer
     of 2011. According to the Public Administration programme’s student association that
     nominated him, he demands active participation during his lectures and concentration
     is a must, but there is also a great deal of laughter. The LSr praised Van Horck’s ability to
     inspire and raise interactivity in lectures to a whole new level. The Teaching Prize serves
     as an inspiration to all lecturers because, as chairman Jaap Schreurs says, ‘This university
     has to be committed to providing excellent teaching.’

                                                     August                                          18 May
38                                                   digging untiL you can                           Minister Van Bijsterveldt at the first
                                                     dig no more                                     Leiden Teaching Debate: ‘Universities
                                                     For three consecutive years, archaeology        have to position themselves, make strong
                                                     students have been excavating the remains       choices and demonstrate their ambitions
                                                     of a settlement from the Merovingian            and possibilities.’
                                                     period (500-750 AD) in Oegstgeest. This
                                                     year they discovered a child’s skeleton
                                                     from the period that was so fragile it
                                                     disintegrated when touched. Other objects
                                                     found included a small wooden bowl that
                                                     lay hidden in an extremely well-preserved
                                                     well. The dig in Oegstgeest is a practice
                                                     site for first-year students. They acquire
                                                     archaeological skills here such as learning
     31 March                                        how to carefully scrape away soil and
     Interdisciplinary Leiden-Delft Industrial       interpreting different layers in the ground.
     Ecology programme awards very first             As the Bio Science Park will be extending
     master’s degrees.                               on to this location, the students are
                                                     digging up as many objects as possible
                                                     from the ground while it is still possible.
                                                                                                minors enrich study
                                                                                                Leiden students can choose from almost
1 September                                                                                     50 minors. They can select a minor as
new degree programmes in 2011                                                                   an optional component within their             39
Since September 2011, Leiden has offered a number of new degree programmes. The                 main programme of study. Marieke van
Bachelor’s degree in Law has added three new majors, namely, International Business Law,        der Lande (23) is following the minor in
Law and Business Studies and Law and Economics.                                                 European Union Studies alongside her
The Film and Literary Studies degree programme is also new. Literary Studies has been           degree in Law. ‘For me this is a way to keep
transformed into this combination of film and literature, which have more in common             my degree exciting,’ she comments. ‘The
than might appear at first sight.                                                               minor also offers aspects that I missed in
The Public Administration degree programme has introduced the Economics, Adminis-               my main programme such as presentation
tration and Management bachelor’s specialisation, that looks at public and semi-public          and discussion skills.’
organisations and issues from the perspectives of both economics and administration.            Medical Delta (a collaboration between
Anyone interested in international political developments or issues relating to peace and       Leiden University, Erasmus University and
security can specialise in International Relations and Organisation as part of the Bachelor’s   the TU Delft) offers medical students a
degree in Political Science.                                                                    minor in Medical Technology and science
                                                                                                students a minor in Medicine. Both
                                                                                                minors deal with issues at the interface
23 November                                     23 November                                     between technology and medicine.
Robert-Jan Slager receives the Young            Three Leiden students receive the Young         Sander van Lidth de Jeude (23) is studying
Talent Shell Graduation Prize. The jury         Talent Prize from the Royal Holland             Physics and took a minor in Medicine.
was full of praise: ‘Slager has shown           Society of Sciences and Humanities.             Sander says, ‘I learned from the minor that
himself to be a promising and daring            They achieved the best results in their         there is a wide range of possibilities for a
researcher.’                                    discipline in their first year of study.        physicist to work in the medical world.’
        Impact in the world                                                                 England
                                                                                            Prof. Ingrid Tieken
        aN overvIew oF                                                                      involves the general
                                                                                            public in her research
        INTerNaTIoNaLISaTIoN IN 2011                                                        into language use and
                                                                                            style guides for correct
                                                                                            English. Join in the
                                                                                            discussion on the blog
                                                                                            Bridging the unbridgeable.
                                                               Scotland, Ireland and
 Los Angeles                                                   Switzerland
 Arda Göceroglu has the                                        Prof. Jacobijn Gussekloo
 time of his life in Los                                       and Prof. Rudi Westen-
 Angeles. Medical student                                      dorp (LUMC), together        Belgium
 Arda won an ECHO                                              with colleagues from         Dr David Van Reybrouck
 Award, that gave him                                          Cork, Glasgow and Bern,      is holder of the Cleveringa
 six weeks of summer                                           begin international          Chair. The Belgian author
 school at the University                                      research on elderly          donated part of the prize
 of California Los          Michigan                           people with thyroid          money for his book
 Angeles.                   ‘This is where the big             gland disorder.              Congo. Een geschiedenis
                            things happen. This is                                          (‘Congo. A History’) to
40                          big politics.’ Jochem              Cologne                      Human Rights Watch.
                            Rietveld studies Political         Neurologist Dr Alla Vein
                            Science on a four-month            is investigating headaches
                            exchange programme                 at the European Astro-
                            in Michigan.                       naut Centre in Cologne
                                                               and, with André Kuipers,     Berlin
                                                               during experiments in        Lectures in Leiden and
                                                               space.                       Berlin mark the collabo-
                                                                                            ration between the Insti-
      Mexico en Guatemala                                      Paris                        tutes of Jewish Studies of
      Archaeologist Prof.                                      Merlijn van Deen wins        Leiden University, New
      Maarten Jansen and his                                   the Janneke Fruin-Helb       York University, Bar Ilan
      team will be visiting                                    grant 2011 from the          (Tel Aviv) and Universität
      Mexico and Guatemala        South America                Leiden University Fund.      Potsdam.
      to study the meaning        Looking at the popula-       Physics student Merlijn
      and function of the         tion history of America.     is conducting research       Greece
      ancient Mayan calendar.     Prof. Willem Adelaar is      at the Ecole Supérieure      Dr Niki Antypa came to
                                  studying the relationships   de Physique et de Chimie     Leiden in 2005 to study
                                  between Central and          Industrielles in Paris.      for a master’s degree
                                  South American                                            and is awarded her PhD
                                  Amerindian languages.                                     degree in 2011 for her
                                                                                            work on vulnerability
                                                                                            to depression.
Ukraine                                                  China
Yryna Ievdokymova wins      Pakistan                     At the Check-IT software       Tibet
the Leiden University       PhD student Khurram          company in Xiamen,             Kalsang Gurung is
Thesis Prize. Law student   Saleem Joya from             Rector Magnificus Prof.        the first Tibetan to be
Yryna writes about the      Pakistan applies for a       Paul van der Heijden           awarded a PhD degree at
controversial SWIFT         patent for a hydrogen        signs an agreement             Leiden. He studied the
counterterrorism agree-     catalyst. He wants to        between two Chinese            stories about Shenrab         Japan
ment between the EU         apply his research to        universities, the Leiden       Miwo, the founder of the      Psychologist Dr Rinus
and the US.                 energy recycling and         Institute of Advanced          Bon religious tradition.      Verdonschot is studying
                            sustainable products in      Computer Science and                                         how the brain deals with
Russia                      his country.                 the Leiden University                                        a Japanese writing system,
André Gerrits, Professor                                 Graduate School of                                           that has no fewer than
of Russian History and      India                        Teaching (ICLON).                                            three possible pronuncia-
Politics: ‘Collaboration    Excellent international                                                                   tions for one symbol.
will be crucial as the      student Jasmine receives     China
EU and Russia see their     a master’s scholarship       Eleven students embark                             Korea
influence declining in      from Leiden University,      on the first teacher                               Prof. Remco Breuker,
comparison with the         ‘I want to return to India   training programme for                             Professor of Korean
developing economies.’      in order to do something     teachers of the Chinese                            Studies, responds in the
                            meaningful for my            language in the Nether-                            media to the death of
                            country.’                    lands. This will mean                              Kim Jong II: ‘He
                                                         that more schools will                             succeeded in keeping               41
                                                         have qualified Chinese                             North Korea safe.’

                                                                                                                                            IMPAC T IN THE WORL d
                                                         teachers and will there-
                            Syria                        fore be able to offer                                 Singapore
                            Archaeologist Dr Bleda       Chinese as an extra                                   Prof. Prasenjit Duara
Ghana                       Düring investigates the      subject.                                              from the Singapore
Looking at ageing from      excavations in Tell Sabi                                                           National University is the
an evolutionary perspec-    Abyad, a fort in Syria.      Indonesia                                             speaker at the starting
tive is what Dr David                                    Legal experts Dr Tristam                              conference of Leiden
van Bodegom is doing        Palestine                    Moeliono and Gustaaf                                  University’s multidisci-
through fieldwork with      Archaeology student          Reerink investigate                                   plinary research area
1500 extended families      Sara-Jayne Nogarede is       land ownership in the                                 Asian Modernities and
in Ghana.                   on a work placement in       kampongs of Indonesia,                                Traditions.
                            Palestine and blogs about    ‘A legal system continues
Africa                      the archaeological site of   to be a necessity in the                      Australia
Lions in Western and        Tell Balata.                 fight against poverty.’                       Prof. Peter de Knijff
Central Africa are                                                                                     (LUMC) uses DNA
strikingly different from                                Philippines                                   analyses to show that
lions in the east and                                    ‘During my latest field-                      the ancestors of the
south. Academics from                                    work trip it finally happen-                  Australian Aboriginals
Leiden are analysing the                                 ed: I saw a crocodile in                      were the first explorers
lions’ DNA.                                              the wild!’ blogs biology                      to leave Asia.
                                                         student Nicolien Pul.
     Lectures by world­famous speakers, topical conferences and, of course, the opening of the
     academic year. in 2011, once again, all those interested in the topics under debate, both from
     within and outside the university, were welcome to find out about the most diverse range of
     subjects and to participate in a wide selection of special events.

                                                                                                       19 December
                                                                                                       600 students and 1 prime
     8 February                                                                                        minister: coLLege tour in
     Dr Ian Hodder, according to his honorary supervisor Prof. Peter Pels ‘without the shadow          Leiden
     of a doubt the most famous archaeologist of the present time’ was awarded an honorary             On 19 December he was in the Pieterskerk
     doctorate. Artist Peter van Straaten was also presented with an honorary doctorate for his        in Leiden and the following day Prime
42   cartoons that represent telling snapshots of human behaviour and interaction.                     Minister Mark Rutte was on TV as a guest
                                                                                                       in College Tour. He was proposed to twice
     5 September                                                                                       (male/female) and gave concise answers to
     Leiden university aims                                                                            all the students’ questions. There was
     for coLLaBoration with                                                                            a great deal of student tweeting around
     rotterdam and deLft                                                                               the shoot:      Just got a call from #college
     ‘Collaboration appears to be the best                                                             tour to ask whether I wanted to ask the
     option if we want to remain at the world                                                          @PrimeMin my question. Am getting a
     top,’ was the statement by Executive Board                                                        bit #nervous.      Everyone like a swarm
     President Prof. Paul van der Heijden on 5                                                         of bees around Mark Rutte, still managed
     September at the opening of the academic                                                          to take a photograph #college tour.
     year of Leiden University. He was referring
     to the intended collaboration with Erasmus                                                        18-24 December
     University and Delft University of              14 March                                          the gLass house in Leiden
     Technology.                                     How do children learn the complex gram-           From 18 to 24 December Leiden was host
                                                     mar rules of their mother tongue? Is it           to the 3FM Serious Request fundraising
     Jeroen van der Veer, former Chairman            possible that all human languages are             event. Students thought up all sorts of
     of the Board of Directors of Royal Dutch        variations on a single universal grammar?         fun activities to raise money for the Red
     Shell and Chairman of the Supervisory           Noam Chomsky, father of linguistics and           Cross, varying from an auction of men
     Board of the Beta Technology Platform,          one of the world’s most important public          to a 24-hour college marathon at the
     spoke of the ‘essence of leadership’.           intellectuals, gives a lecture on this topic at   Law Faculty. The event yielded a record
     Vice-Rector Magnificus Rietje van Dam           the Leiden University Centre for Linguistics.     8,621,004 euro.
     stepped down, to be replaced by Prof.
     Simone Buitendijk.
28 November
democracy needs time to
Developing countries are not aided by
a hasty West-driven democratisation
process. Democracy needs time to mature;
otherwise it does more harm than good.
This was the essence of the Cleveringa
Lecture of David Van Reybrouck. Van
Reybrouck, author of Congo. A history, is      27-30 October
holder of the Cleveringa Chair this year.      action and reaction at the knowLedge festivaL
His lecture was held on the exact day that     Anthropological research into hip-hop, learning how to make your own hair gel, finding
Congo elected a Parliament and President.      out more about your brain, fears and phobias, taking a peek in the Leiden Observatory or
‘Start instead with local elections,’ argued   in the operating rooms of the LUMC, or watching classical movies on justice and jurisdic-
Van Reybrouck. ‘Local politics is the place    tion – there is so much to do, see and hear at the annual Leiden Knowledge Festival.
where talented politicians can develop,        Leiden University, the Leiden University of Applied Sciences, the Bio Science Park and
who will then move into the higher eche-       other knowledge institutions present themselves and their programmes from 27 to 30
lons of politics. Then and only then can       October (Science Day). This year the theme is Action – Reaction. At various locations
you proceed to provincial, national and        throughout town, adults, young people and children can find out about the fun side
presidential elections.’                       of science and scientific knowledge.                                                        43

                                               8 April
                                               Symposium on the occasion of the 100 th
                                               anniversary of superconductivity. A cool
                                               Leiden discovery which paved the way for
                                               super magnets in MRI scans and particle

17 June                                                                                       10 to 14 October
hanan ashrawi gives Leiden freedom Lecture 2011                                               week of diversity
‘I’ve had to learn not to hate, and for that you need people around you who mean              Leiden University displays a rich and
a lot to you. In the end, I managed to banish hate.’                                          diverse palette of cultures and back-
Palestinian Dr Hanan Ashrawi was open-hearted in answering questions after giving             grounds. Everyone is welcome.
the second Leiden Freedom Lecture. Hers was a fiery plea for a Palestinian state, which
she wants to be achieved by peaceful means. ‘We want our own identity, our own passport,
a safe place to live.’ She sees the Arab Spring as a hopeful sign: ‘The youth has broken
with fear.’
                               Impact on the economy (II)

                               LeIdeN bIo-SCIeNCe park:
                               CULTIvaTING STarT-UpS
                               over the past 30 years, the Leiden Bio-Science Park (BSP)               a method to smuggle medicines across the blood-brain barrier:
                               has grown into the biggest park of its kind in the netherlands and      packed in miniscule fat balls with small molecules bound to them
                               is now one of the five most successful science parks in europe. the     that are admitted. Experiments have shown that this can make
                               driver behind the park is the scientific research from Leiden univer­   a number of medicines more effective.
                               sity’s faculty of science, the Lumc and tno pharma. all three are
                               located at the Bsp.                                                     Brain disease
                                                                                                       A first clinical study into the safe delivery of chemotherapy to the
                               The BSP provides facilities for young businesses to develop and         brain has now begun at institutes such as the Netherlands Cancer
                               mature. The start-ups are spin-offs of biotechnological research.       Institute at the Antoine van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, the VU
                               This is how it all began in 1984: with three very small, young          Medical Center and the LUMC. Work is also being carried out by
                               businesses focusing on the development and marketing of                 to-BBB on the development of medicines for such brain disorders
                               scientific results. Since then, a number of start-ups have grown        as multiple sclerosis, epilepsy and Alzheimer’s disease.
                               into fully-fledged companies. The clustering of bioscience and
                               biotechnological activity has also served to make the BSP an            Correcting DNA error should cure muscle disease
    44                         attractive location for outside businesses.                             Duchenne muscular dystrophy is incurable. Sufferers generally
                                                                                                       become confined to a wheelchair during their teenage years and

                               Currently, about 90 businesses at all stages of development are         in many cases die before they reach the age of thirty. The disorder
                               housed at the BSP, and more than 3000 people work there, most           is caused by a genetic error. A missing DNA letter means that the
                               of whom are graduates. In September 2011, Leiden University and         reading mechanism that converts DNA into proteins via the
                               the Business Association of the Leiden Bio-Science Park agreed that     intermediate RNA step becomes derailed, resulting in a fatal
                               the BSP would be expanded to include Nieuw Rhijngeest-Zuid, the         defect in the muscle protein dystrophin.
                               business park to the west of the A44 motorway. The area is now
                               being prepared for construction work. Prosensa and to-BBB are           Medicine
                               two examples of companies that are successfully building bridges        Leiden spin-off Prosensa has developed small pieces of RNA
                               between science and patients.                                           that bind to the deficient RNA dystrophin. The writing error is
                                                                                                       consequently by-passed and properly functioning dystrophin
                               Guiding nanomedicines into the brain                                    develops. The first small-scale tests on patients indicate that the
                               It is difficult for medicines to reach the brain. This is due to        approach seems to work but there is still a long way to go. A
                               the blood-brain barrier, a securely patrolled border between our        large-scale patient study in collaboration with the pharmaceutical
                               bloodstream and the brain. Only a handful of molecules with             company GlaxoSmithKline is expected to lead to a medicine
                               special permission manage to get through. This is a good way            for clinical use. However, more research needs to be done: the
                               of protecting our most sensitive organ from damage but it also          technique could also work for other genetic disorders, muscle
                               forms an obstacle for medicines.                                        disorders and Huntington’s disease. In November 2011, the
                                                                                                       European Association for Bio-Industries awarded Prosensa
                               Boundary                                                                the coveted prize for the most innovative biotech SME in Europe.
                               The Leiden biotech-business to-BBB, a spin-off of the Leiden/
                               Amsterdam Center for Drug Research (LADCR), is working on
Leiden research adds value of
1.3 billion euro

How much did the 337 million euro that Leiden
University and the LUMC invested in research
in 2010 actually deliver? An impact analysis
carried out for the University by independent
consultancy BIGGAR Economics has shown
that investment in research pays itself back
almost four times over.

Leiden research and its commercial exploita-
tion delivered a gross added value for the Dutch
economy of 1.3 billion euro: a multiplier effect
of a factor of 3.9. The analysis also looked at
the economic effects of four kinds of activity:
the academic research itself, investment in an
environment where businesses can establish
themselves, obtaining a return on research
findings, and other effects such as tourism
and congress and museum visits.
                     Impact on policy

                     THe INTeraCTIoN beTweeN
                     SCIeNCe aNd poLICy
                     'how does your scientific work impact the policy of governments
                     and organisations?’ the answers of Leiden researchers show that
                     there is an ongoing open dialogue with policy makers. But science
                     and policy each have their own time frame and dynamics.

                     ‘Before the summer we had a debate with European politicians              Knowledge of the local language and environment also makes Otto
                     on the administrative constructions around the euro. The media            and his colleagues popular guests with their Indonesian colleagues.
                     paid no attention to it, despite the fact that it was the perfect “hot    ‘After its independence, Indonesia at first simply adopted our legal
                     topic” for the autumn,’ says Europe expert and Public Adminis-            system. Gradually, the country modified its laws and procedures,
                     tration scholar Prof. Bernard Steunenberg. This example shows             but they still find it interesting, in the context of new developments
                     how important current affairs can be for the impact knowledge             such as the protection of crown witnesses, to hear how we do these
                     institutions have on policy.                                              things in the Netherlands. We have received a number of very
                                                                                               senior Indonesian missions here in 2011.’
                     At the same time, Steunenberg also notices that policy makers
  46                 often refer, implicitly or explicitly, to the work of his research
                     group. ‘With important decisions, such as the admission of new

                     members to the EU or agreements with neighbouring countries,                                              Study of child abuse
                     the concept of conditionality plays a role. Countries are required                                         Scientific research can also deter-
                     to carry through certain reforms before the Union is prepared to                                           mine current events. In September
                     collaborate further with them. But according to the theory, the EU                                         2011, the second National Preva-
                     itself also has to remain a credible, attractive collaboration partner.                                    lence Study on the Abuse of
                     This year, I heard the term “double credibility” being echoed by                                           Children and Young People
                     European Commissioner Füle. This just goes to show how a theore-                                           (NPM-2010) was the focus of
                     tical concept can find its way into concrete politics.’                       attention from both Parliament and the press. The study was
                                                                                                   carried out by educationalists from Leiden University. As a
                     Arab Spring                                                                   result of this research, the Ministry of Health, Welfare and
                     The Arab Spring led to years of research suddenly making it into              Sport, that commissioned the NPM 2010, developed the Safe
                     the limelight. Prof. Jan Michiel Otto is an expert in the field of            Children action plan.
                     Sharia law, common law and the rule of law: ‘This year, I have
                     talked to many international journalists, helping them to put                 Project leader Dr Lenneke Alink of the Institute of Education
                     statements by Egyptian or Tunisian politicians into context.                  and Child Studies is relatively satisfied with the impact ‘her’
                     Anyone who is not familiar with the field will not know that                  research had on the action plan. ‘The Ministry has adopted
                     Islamic parties were often the only opposition against oppressive             our most important recommendations. Hopefully they will
                     regimes. Current events can sometimes make knowledge of the                   actually be implemented. What I find striking is that the
                     local context highly relevant.’                                               media in particular focus mainly on physical and sexual
                                                                                                   violence. Emotional abuse and neglect are just as severe
                                                                                                   forms of child abuse.’
prof. Bernard steunenberg
‛A theoretical concept can find its way
into concrete politics.’

    prof. Jan michiel otto
    ‛Current events can sometimes make
    knowledge of the local context highly

     research themes

     In 2011 Leiden University further divided the research profile areas   The content of the research themes is described in terms
     into six research themes that express the University’s research        of quality, social relevance, valorisation and alignment with
     profile to the outside world.                                          developments in the Netherlands and Europe. The research themes
                                                                            also highlight the collaborative projects between our researchers
     1. Fundamentals of Science                                             and academic partners and civic institutions.
     Profile area:
        · Fundamentals of Science                                           research institutes

     2. Health, Life- and Biosciences                                       Research in Leiden is conducted in the following
     Profile areas:                                                         research institutes:
        · Bioscience: the Science Base of Health
        · Vascular and Regenerative Medicine                                Faculty of Archaeology
        · Translational Drug Discovery and Development                        · Faculty and institute are combined

48   3. Health across the Human Life Cycle                                  Campus The Hague Faculty
     Profile areas:                                                           · Faculty and institute are combined
        · Brain Function and Dysfunction over the Lifespan
        · Health, Prevention and the Human Life Cycle                       Faculty of Humanities
                                                                              · Academy of Creative and Performing Arts
     4. Law, Democracy and Legitimacy                                         · Leiden Institute for Cultural Disciplines
     Profile areas:                                                           · Leiden Institute for History
        · Interaction between Legal Systems                                   · Leiden Institute for Religious Studies
        · Political Legitimacy: Institutions and Identities                   · Leiden Institute for Area Studies
                                                                              · Leiden University Centre for Linguistics
     5. The Asian Challenge                                                   · Leiden University Institute for Philosophy
     Profile areas:
        · Asian Modernities and Traditions                                  Faculty of Medicine
                                                                              · LUMC
     6. Civilizations and Languages Worldwide
     Profile areas:
        · Global Interaction of People, Culture and Power
          through the Ages
        · Language Diversity in the World
Faculty of Law
  · Institute for Private Law
  · Institute for Public Law
  · Institute for Criminal Law and Criminology
  · Institute for the Interdisciplinary Study of the Law
  · Institute for Tax Law and Economics

Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences
  · Institute of Public Administration
  · Institute of Cultural Anthropology and Development Sociology
  · Institute of Education and Child Studies / Rommert Casimir Institute
  · Institute of Political Science
  · Institute of Psychology

Faculty of Science                                                            49
  · Mathematical Institute

                                                                           FAC T s ANd FIgURES
  · Leiden Institute of Advanced Computer Science
  · Leiden Observatory
  · Leiden Institute of Physics
  · Leiden Institute of Chemistry
  · Leiden Amsterdam Center for Drug Research
  · Institute of Biology Leiden
  · Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden branch
  · Institute of Environmental Sciences

interfacuLty partnerships

  · Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC)
  · Leiden University Centre for the Study of Islam and Society (LUCIS)
  · Leiden University Graduate School of Teaching (ICLON)
     LaUreaTeS IN 2011

     european grants                                                     nwo suBsidies

     European Research Council Starting Grants                           Innovational Research Incentive Scheme
     The ERC Starting Grants are awarded to excellent postdoc            Veni
     researchers who obtained their PhD a minimum of two years and       In 2011 Leiden University was awarded 20 of the 159 Veni subsidies.
     a maximum of nine years previously. The researchers can use         The subsidy for each researcher amounts to a maximum of 250,000
     the subsidy, a maximum of 1.5 million euro, to set up their own     euro. The winners can use the award to develop innovative ideas
     research group.                                                     for research over a period of three years.
     · Dr Bleda Düring (Faculty of Archaeology)                          · Dr Roy van Beek (Faculty of Archaeology)
     · Prof. Peter Ho (Leiden University Institute for Area Studies)     · Dr Saskia Bonjour (Institute for History)
     · Dr Henk Hoekstra (Leiden Observatory)                             · Dr Rutger Claassen (Institute of Political Science)
     · Dr Sander Nieuwenhuis (Institute of Psychology)                   · Dr Mohammed Ghaly (Leiden Institute for Religious Studies)
     · Prof. Joop Schaye (Leiden Observatory)                            · Dr Jacob Gubbens (Leiden Institute of Chemistry)
                                                                         · Dr Mark Heerink (Leiden Institute for Cultural Disciplines)
     European Research Council Advanced Grants                           · Dr Hermen Jan Hupkes (Mathematical Institute)
     ERC Advanced Grants are intended for excellent postdoc resear-      · Dr Charlene Kalle (Mathematical Institute)
50   chers who obtained their PhD a minimum of nine years previously.    · Dr Geeske Langejans (Faculty of Archaeology)
     The subsidy, a maximum of 3.5 million euro, will be used for        · Dr Martijn Luijsterburg (LUMC, Toxicogenetics)
     innovative research.                                                · Dr Vincent Merckx (Nationaal Herbarium Nederland/Leiden)
     · Prof. Ewine van Dishoeck (Leiden Observatory)                     · Dr Violeta Navarro Paredes (Leiden Institute of Physics)
     · Prof. Hermen Overkleeft (Leiden Institute for Chemistry)          · Dr Yaël Nossent (LUMC, Vascular Surgery)
     · Prof. Maarten Jansen (Faculty of Archaeology)                     · Dr Arjan te Pas ( (LUMC, Neonatology)
     · Prof. Willem Adelaar (Leiden University Centre for Linguistics)   · Dr Francesco Ragazzi (Institute of Political Science)
                                                                         · Dr Marius Staring (LUMC, Radiology)
     Marie Curie subsidies                                               · Dr Dimiter Toshkov (Institute of Public Administration)
     The EU’s Marie Curie programme is intended to promote the           · Dr Janine Ubink (Institute for the Interdisciplinary
     mobility and career development of researchers during the whole       Study of the Law )
     course of their career and to advance academic knowledge within     · Dr Marieke Wermer (LUMC, Neurology)
     Europe. The subsidies available correspond to different stages in   · Dr Kai Ye (Leiden Institute of Advanced Computer Science)
     the researcher’s development. Five researchers received a Marie
     Curie subsidy in 2011.                                              Vidi
     · Dr Ingrid Falque (Leiden University Institute for Cultural        NWO did not award any Vidi subsidies in 2011.
     · Dr Aimee Little (Faculty of Archaeology)                          Vici
     · Dr Peter Racz (Institute of Biology Leiden)                       In 2011, Leiden received one Vici subsidy from NWO,
     · Dr Holger Stork (Leiden Institute of Chemistry)                   worth 1.5 million euro.
     · Dr Guido Tintori (Institute for History)                          · Prof. D. Bouwmeester (Leiden Institute of Physics)
Mosaic                                                                · Aartjan te Velthuis, MSc (Institute of Biology) will spend two
One of the 19 Mosaic subsidies was awarded to an applicant from         years at the University of Oxford, UK
Leiden. The Mosaic programme aims to encourage a greater              · Reinout van Weeren, MSc (Leiden Observatory) will spend two
number of graduates from minority groups to work within the             years at the University of Cambridge, UK
academic community. The winners each receive 200,000 euro
to allow them to carry out PhD research.                              NWO Graduate Programme
· Setareh Moghadasi, MSc (LUMC, Genetics/Oncology)                    This programme focuses on the development of Graduate Schools
                                                                      and research schools. Interuniversity and local research schools
Rubicon                                                               or Graduate Schools will be eligible for a block grant of 800,000
The Rubicon subsidy enables researchers who have recently             euro that is intended for the appointment of PhD candidates. In
obtained their PhD to acquire research experience abroad. Foreign     2011, nineteen subsidies were awarded; two of the programmes are
researchers may come to the Netherlands to conduct research.          co-ordinated by Leiden University.
· Dr Niki Antypa (LUMC, Psychiatry) will spend two years at the       · Leiden de Sitter Programme in Cosmology
  Universita di Bologna, Italy                                        · Leiden University Centre of Linguistics Graduate Programme
· Dr Celia Berkers (LUMC, Oncology) will spend two years at the
  Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, UK
· Dr Wouter van den Bos (LUMC, Psychology) will spend two years       knaw memBers                                                            51
  at Stanford University, USA
· Dr Tim van Erven (Mathematical Institute) will spend two years      The Young Academy
  at the Université de Paris-Sud, France                              The Young Academy was founded in 2005 to bring young resear-
· Dr Carmen Gerlach (LUMC, Pathology) will spend two years at         chers into contact with colleagues from other disciplines. The
  Harvard Medical School, USA                                         Young Academy operates independently within the Royal Nether-
· Dr Wouter Halfwerk (Institute of Biology) will spend two years at   lands Academy of Arts and Sciences. It organises interdisciplinary
  the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama                 scientific meetings and advises on societal and political issues. One
· Dr Dorothée Out (Institute of Education and Child Studies)          of its aims is to interest and involve the general public in science.
  will spend two years at Johns Hopkins University, Center for        Ten new members were elected in 2011, including one from Leiden.
  Interdisciplinary Salivary Bioscience Research, USA                 · Dr Erik Kwakkel (Institute for Cultural Disciplines)
· Dr Sytse Piersma (LUMC, Rheumatology) will spend two years in
  the USA, at the Washington University Medical Center, St. Louis     KNAW members
  and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute                             The Royal Netherlands Academy for Arts and Sciences (KNAW) has
· Dr Mikko Peltola, University of Tampere, Finland, will study for    elected twenty new members. Elections take place annually on the
  18 months in Leiden, at the Leiden Institute of Education and       basis of academic performance and on the advice of the academic
  Child Studies                                                       community. One new Leiden member was elected.
· Dr Bram Slütter (Leiden Amsterdam Center for Drug Research)         · Naomi Ellemers, Professor of Social Psychology of Organisations
  will spend two years at the University of Iowa, USA
· Dr Jojanneke van der Toorn, New York University, USA, will
  spend one year at the Leiden Institute of Psychology
     in the 2011­2012 academic year (provisionaL figures)

     Bachelor’s programmes             First-year students 2011-2012         Master’s programmes                          Enrolled 2011-2012
     Archaeology                                                   78        Archaeology                                                 125
     Campus The Hague                                              90        Campus The Hague
     Humanities                                                   882        Humanities                                                1,278
     Law                                                        1,061        Law                                                       1,138
     Medicine/LUMC                                                351        Medicine/LUMC                                               365
     Science                                                      439        Science                                                     754
     Social and Behavioural Sciences                           1,224         Social and Behavioural Sciences                           1,627
                                                                             Teacher Training                                            288

     Total university                                          4,125         Total university                                          5,575

     Students per Faculty 2011-2012
                                       First year     Bachelor's        Doctoraal     Master's    Postgraduate   Total            % females
     Archaeology                               128          184                           125                      437                 58%
     Campus The Hague                          189                                                                 189                 55%
52   Humanities                              1,343          1,719                        1,278                   4,340                 61%
     Law                                    1,450           1,915                        1,138                   4,503                 58%
     Medicine/LUMC                             574            830               2          365             715   2,486                 65%
     Science                                  688             588                          754                   2,030                 34%
     Social and Behavioural Sciences        1,832           1,673                        1,627                   5,132                 73%
     Teacher Training                                                                      288                     288                 55%

     Total university                      6,204           6,909                2        5,575             715   19,405                61%

     Diplomas per Faculty 2010-2011
                                       First year     Bachelor's        Doctoraal     Master's    Postgraduate
     Archaeology                               55            65                            77
     Humanities                               745           649                           597
     Law                                      753           587                           504
     Medicine/LUMC                            318           200              286           51              272
     Science                                  310           282                           218
     Social and Behavioural Sciences          826           643                           737
     Teacher Training                                                                     120

     Total university                      3,007           2,426             286         2,304             272
baCHeLor’S proGrammeS

facuLty of archaeoLogy                                           facuLty of Law
BA Archaeology                                                   BSc Criminology
                                                                 LL.B Law, including:
facuLty campus the hague                                         · International Business Law
BA Liberal Arts & Sciences: Global Challenges                    · Law and Business Administration
                                                                 · Law and Economics
facuLty of humanities                                            LL.B Notarial Law
BA African Languages and Cultures                                LL.B Tax Law
BA Ancient Cultures of the Mediterranean World
BA Art History                                                   facuLty of medicine/Lumc
BA Chinese Studies                                               BSc Biomedical Sciences
BA Classics                                                      BSc Medicine
BA Dutch Studies
BA Dutch Language and Culture                                    facuLty of science
BA English Language and Culture                                  BSc Astronomy
BA Film and Literary Studies                                     BSc Biology
BA French Language and Culture                                   BSc Bio-Pharmaceutical Sciences                            53
BA German Language and Culture                                   BSc Computer Science, including:
BA Hebrew and Jewish Studies                                     · Computer Science and Economy
BA History                                                       BSc Life Science and Technology
BA Islamic Theology                                              BSc Mathematics
BA Italian Language and Culture                                  BSc Molecular Science and Technology
BA Japanese Studies                                              BSc Physics
BA Korean Studies
BA Latin American Studies
BA Linguistics, including:                                       facuLty of sociaL and BehaviouraL
· Comparative Indo-European Linguistics Comparative              sciences
  Indo-European Linguistics                                      BA Cultural Anthropology and Development Psychology
· Language and Cognition                                         BSc Education and Child Studies, including:
· Language and Communication                                     · Academic Teacher Training for Primary School Education
· Language Description                                           BA Political Science, including:
BA Middle Eastern Studies                                        · International Relations and Organisations
BA Philosophy                                                    BSc Psychology
BA Russian Studies                                               BSc Public Administration Science, including:
BA South and Southeast Asian Studies                             · Economy, Public Administration and Management
BA Theology
BA World Religions
Starting in 2012: BA International Studies (taught in English)
     maSTer’S proGrammeS

     facuLty of archaeoLogy                                          MA Latin American and Caribbean Studies (research)
     MA/MSc Archaeology                                              MA Linguistics
     MA/MSc Archaeology (research)                                   MA Linguistics: Structure and Variation in the
                                                                        Languages of the World (research)
     facuLty of humanities                                           MA Literary Studies
     MA African Languages and Cultures                               MA Philosophy
     MA African Linguistics                                          MA Philosophy of a Specific Discipline
     MA African Studies (research)                                   MA Religious Studies
     MA Arabic, Persian and Turkish Languages and Cultures           MA Russian Studies
     MA Area Studies: Asia and the Middle East (research)            MA Slavic Languages and Cultures
     MA Art History                                                  MA Study of Art and Literature (research)
     MA Book and Digital Media Studies
     MA Chinese Studies                                              facuLty of Law
     MA Classics                                                     MSc Criminology
     MA Classics and Ancient Near Eastern Civilisations (research)   LL.M. Tax Law
     MA Comparative Indo-European Linguistics                        LL.M. Notarial Law
54   MA Dutch Language and Literature                                LL.M. Law
     MA Dutch Studies                                                LL.M. in Advanced Studies in Air and Space Law
     MA English Language and Culture                                 LL.M. in Advanced Studies in European and International
     MA Egyptology                                                         Business Law
     MA European Union Studies                                       LL.M. in Advanced Studies in International Tax Law
     MA Film and Photographic Studies                                LL.M. in Advanced Studies in Public International Law
     MA French Language and Culture
     MA German Language and Culture                                  facuLty of medicine / Lumc
     MA Hebrew and Aramaic Languages and Cultures                    MSc Biomedical Sciences
     MA History                                                      MSc Medicine
     MA History: Societies and Institutions (research)               MSc Vitality and Ageing
     MA Indian American Studies
     MA Indian and Tibetan Studies                                   facuLty of science
     MA Indonesian Studies                                           MSc Astronomy
     MA Islamic Studies                                              MSc Biology
     MA Islamic Theology                                             MSc Bio-Pharmaceutical Sciences
     MA Italian Language and Culture                                 MSc Chemistry
     MA Japanese Studies                                             MSc Computer Science
     MA Korean Studies                                               MSc ICT in Business
     MA Languages and Cultures of Mesopotamia and Anatolia           MSc Industrial Ecology
     MA Latin American Studies                                       MSc Life Science and Technology
MSc Mathematics                                              post­master’s teacher training, icLon
MSc Media Technology                                         Art History and Cultural and Art Education
MSc Physics                                                  Biology
facuLty of sociaL and                                        Chinese
BehaviouraL sciences                                         Classics
MSc Crisis and Security Management*                          Dutch
MA Cultural Anthropology and Development Sociology           Economics
MSc Developmental Psychopathology in Education               English
      and Child Studies (research)                           French
MSc Education and Child Studies                              German
MSc International Relations and Diplomacy                    History and Civics
MSc Management of the Public Sector*                         Management and Organisation
MSc Political Science (daytime programme in Leiden,          Mathematics
      evening programme at Campus The Hague)                 Philosophy
MSc Political Science and Public Administration (research)   Physics
MSc Psychology                                               Religious Studies                            55
MSc Psychology (research)                                    Social Studies
MSc Public Administration*                                   Spanish
* From February 2012 these programmes will transfer
  to Campus The Hague
     as at 31 decemBer 2011

     Leiden University has a staff of 3862 (3177,8 fte)

     Staff in fte*                                         Academic staff                  PhD                T&R        Other       Total**
                                                                                                           support     support
     Archaeology                                                        37.6                19.2                7.8         6.6          77.8
     Campus The Hague                                                   18.8                 5.0                3.3        27.4          54.7
     Humanities                                                       304.7                109.8               25.2        93,5        546,4
     Law                                                               133.2                67.7                9.6        76.8        298.2
     Science                                                          353.4                339.0              134.6       148.8        975.7
     Social and Behavioural Sciences                                  214.3                 94.7               37.4        81.8        428.9
     ICLON                                                              28.3                 3.5                9.4        24.5          65.7
     Other                                                               2.2                 0.8                2.9         27.1         33.2
     Central services                                                    5.7                                   78.9       612.5         697.1

     Total                                                          1,098.3                639.8              309.1     1,098.9       3,177.8

     * The Faculty of Medicine is not included as almost all the staff are employed by the LUMC.
56   ** The column with totals includes student assistants (ca.35 fte) who are not indicated separately in the list.

     Female professors as % of total (in fte)                                      PhDs in 2011
     Humanities                                                     23.9%          Faculty                              Total      % females
     Law                                                            22.0%          Archaeology                              8           25%
     Science                                                          7.2%         Humanities                             64            33%
     Social and Behavioural Sciences                                 31.2%         Law                                    20            25%
                                                                                   LUMC/Medicine                          117           53%
     Total                                                           19.2%         Science                                96            35%
                                                                                   Social and Behavioural Sciences         27           78%
                                                                                   ICLON                                    2          100%

                                                                                   Total                                  334           44%
UNIverSITy board                                CoNTaCT

Executive Board                                 Leiden University
  · Prof. Paul F. van der Heijden               Rapenburg 70
    Rector Magnificus and President             P.O. Box 9500
  · Prof. Simone Buitendijk                     2300 RA Leiden
    Vice-Rector Magnificus                      0031 (0)71 527 27 27
  · Willem te Beest, MSc              

 · Faculty of Archaeology
   Prof. Willem Willems
 · Campus The Hague Faculty
   Prof. Jouke de Vries
 · Faculty of Humanities
   Prof. Wim van den Doel
 · Faculty of Law
   Prof. Rick Lawson                                                   57
 · Faculty of Medicine/LUMC
   Prof. Eduard Klasen
 · Faculty of Science
   Prof. Sjoerd Verduyn Lunel
 · Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences
   Prof. Philip Spinhoven
more INFormaTIoN
Would you like to know more about the impact of Leiden University?

More about our impact in 2011                                   More about our impact in 2012                 You can also follow Leiden University via:
The 2011 Yearbook can be found online,                          If you would like to keep up to date with
including links to background informa-                          news about research, teaching and know-      
tion, at:                                                       ledge valorisation at Leiden University in                                         2012, please refer to our website:           
You can browse the yearbook and click on                                                                     
the links for more information.                                 If you would like to receive our monthly
                                                                newsletter in English, please subscribe at:
Detailed information about our teaching               
and research and the financial accounts
can be found in the Jaarverslag 2011 of                         You can also subscribe to our weekly
Leiden University that will be published                        newsletter in Dutch:
in June 2012. You can request a copy                                                                                59
of this annual report via
or it can be downloaded from the website:

                  studying in the us:
                  'this is the place for big politics.'
                   Jochem Rietveld, student of Political Science in
                   Leiden, is spending four months as an exchange
  student at the University of Michigan, USA: 'The US really is the
  place to be for students of politics: this is where the major things
  happen, this is the place for big politics.'

  What are you studying in Michigan?
  'I am taking some really interesting Political Science courses. One
  course on politics in American states covers such questions as
  whether policies should be decided at federal or state level, and the
  consequences for other states of policies developed in Michigan.

     Editorial Team                                       Design
     Strategic Communication and Marketing Directorate,   Ratio Design bv, Haarlem
     Leiden University
                                                          Printed by
     Contributions                                        UFB/Graphic Productions
     Liesbeth Eustatia
     Pieter van Megchelen                                 Further copies
     Bruno van Wayenberg                                  The 2011 Yearbook is published in Dutch and English. Further
     Annette Zeelenberg                                   copies are available free of charge from the Strategic Communi-
                                                          cation and Marketing Directorate:
     English Translation                                  0031 (0)71 527 61 31
     Academic Language Centre, Leiden University
     Véronique van Gelderen
60   Marilyn Hedges                                       February 2012
     Marianne Orchard

     UFB Photo & Digital, Leiden University
     Marc de Haan
     Hielco Kuipers
     Francis Kramer, Parijs ca. 1925 (page 37)
     Erwin Olaf, commissioned by Leiden University and
      Museum De Lakenhal (page 14-15)
     Erwin Olaf at work: Anna van Leeuwen,
      Kunstbeeld (page 14 and 15)
     Special Balloon Services (page 6)

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