The noun by ewghwehws

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									           The noun
A noun is a word that names
things such as persons, animals,
places and ideas.
                       Nouns

proper                            common


a particular person,              a class of things
   place, or thing                (general name)



London, Asia, Lake Michigan       city, continent, lake
George Bush, Golden Gate Bridge   president, bridge
Monday                                     day
                        Common nouns

abstract nouns                        concrete nouns

ideas, emotions,                      persons or things that
qualities and processes               can be known directly
                                      through the senses
(do not have physical
existence )



justice, beauty, happiness, length,   ball, boy, heat, noise, fire
weight, classification                smoke, ice, water, cry
• Collective nouns are special nouns that
 stand for a group of people, animals,
 birds, or insects.

For example;
army, police, audience, group, team,
orchestra, class, youth, band,
a herd of sheep, goats, a hive of bees, a
flock of birds, chickens, a swarm of ants,
flies, bees
                           NOUNS

   countable                               uncountable
have singular and plural forms            have only one form


take singular or plural verbs according   take singular verbs
to their use as singular or plural

can have a, an, or one before them as     cannot have a, an, or
modifier in the singular                  one before them as a
                                          modifier
                         NOUNS

  countable                                uncountable
can have many or few before them as     can have much before
modifier in the plural                  them as a modifier

can have some before them as modifier   can have some before
only in the plural                      them as a modifier

can have number of before them only     can have amount of
in the plural                           before them
          The form of the nouns
• The possessive form of a noun
  expresses possession and other relations.
 Pat’s house, the twins’ parents, the
 company’s future

• Many nouns have no special form to show that
  they are nouns. But there are a number of
  endings used to form nouns from other words:
  movement, intention, difference, kindness,
  security, landing

• Most nouns do not have gender. There are only
  a few word pairs such as steward/stewardess,
  actress, hostess, princess
                   Noun phrases
• A noun phrase can be one word or more
  than one word.
Whisky is expensive.
Planes take off from here.
Someone was stealing the whisky.
A lot of planes take off from here.
Security guards set a trap.
An emergency landing was made by the pilots.
She alerted the pilot.
I live in Ulaanbaatar.
• In a noun phrase there can be determiners,
  quantifiers and modifiers, as well as a noun.
          Use of Nouns
• Nouns are used in different ways in a
  clause:
1. Subject: Father just came.
2. Predicate nominative: Mr. Davidson is my
  father.
3. Direct object: The children love their father.
4. Indirect object: The children gave their father
  a hug.
5. Object of a preposition: We are waiting for our
  father.
6. Objective complement: Sally never called her
  stepfather father.
7. Modifier of another noun: A father figure is
  important to child’s psychological development.
Subject-noun, noun phrase or pronoun that
   represents the person or thing that performs
   the action
Predicate-a part of the sentence containing a
   verb that makes a statement about the S of the
   verb.
Nominative: the form of a noun, a pronoun or an
   adjective when it is the S of a verb.
Object: a N, NP that refers to a person or thing
   that is affected by the action of the verb.
Complement: a N or Adj. that is used after
   linking verbs such as be and become, and
   describes the S of the verb.

								
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