A noun is a word that names
things such as persons, animals,
places and ideas.
a particular person, a class of things
place, or thing (general name)
London, Asia, Lake Michigan city, continent, lake
George Bush, Golden Gate Bridge president, bridge
abstract nouns concrete nouns
ideas, emotions, persons or things that
qualities and processes can be known directly
through the senses
(do not have physical
justice, beauty, happiness, length, ball, boy, heat, noise, fire
weight, classification smoke, ice, water, cry
• Collective nouns are special nouns that
stand for a group of people, animals,
birds, or insects.
army, police, audience, group, team,
orchestra, class, youth, band,
a herd of sheep, goats, a hive of bees, a
flock of birds, chickens, a swarm of ants,
have singular and plural forms have only one form
take singular or plural verbs according take singular verbs
to their use as singular or plural
can have a, an, or one before them as cannot have a, an, or
modifier in the singular one before them as a
can have many or few before them as can have much before
modifier in the plural them as a modifier
can have some before them as modifier can have some before
only in the plural them as a modifier
can have number of before them only can have amount of
in the plural before them
The form of the nouns
• The possessive form of a noun
expresses possession and other relations.
Pat’s house, the twins’ parents, the
• Many nouns have no special form to show that
they are nouns. But there are a number of
endings used to form nouns from other words:
movement, intention, difference, kindness,
• Most nouns do not have gender. There are only
a few word pairs such as steward/stewardess,
actress, hostess, princess
• A noun phrase can be one word or more
than one word.
Whisky is expensive.
Planes take off from here.
Someone was stealing the whisky.
A lot of planes take off from here.
Security guards set a trap.
An emergency landing was made by the pilots.
She alerted the pilot.
I live in Ulaanbaatar.
• In a noun phrase there can be determiners,
quantifiers and modifiers, as well as a noun.
Use of Nouns
• Nouns are used in different ways in a
1. Subject: Father just came.
2. Predicate nominative: Mr. Davidson is my
3. Direct object: The children love their father.
4. Indirect object: The children gave their father
5. Object of a preposition: We are waiting for our
6. Objective complement: Sally never called her
7. Modifier of another noun: A father figure is
important to child’s psychological development.
Subject-noun, noun phrase or pronoun that
represents the person or thing that performs
Predicate-a part of the sentence containing a
verb that makes a statement about the S of the
Nominative: the form of a noun, a pronoun or an
adjective when it is the S of a verb.
Object: a N, NP that refers to a person or thing
that is affected by the action of the verb.
Complement: a N or Adj. that is used after
linking verbs such as be and become, and
describes the S of the verb.