The noun A noun is a word that names things such as persons, animals, places and ideas. Nouns proper common a particular person, a class of things place, or thing (general name) London, Asia, Lake Michigan city, continent, lake George Bush, Golden Gate Bridge president, bridge Monday day Common nouns abstract nouns concrete nouns ideas, emotions, persons or things that qualities and processes can be known directly through the senses (do not have physical existence ) justice, beauty, happiness, length, ball, boy, heat, noise, fire weight, classification smoke, ice, water, cry • Collective nouns are special nouns that stand for a group of people, animals, birds, or insects. For example; army, police, audience, group, team, orchestra, class, youth, band, a herd of sheep, goats, a hive of bees, a flock of birds, chickens, a swarm of ants, flies, bees NOUNS countable uncountable have singular and plural forms have only one form take singular or plural verbs according take singular verbs to their use as singular or plural can have a, an, or one before them as cannot have a, an, or modifier in the singular one before them as a modifier NOUNS countable uncountable can have many or few before them as can have much before modifier in the plural them as a modifier can have some before them as modifier can have some before only in the plural them as a modifier can have number of before them only can have amount of in the plural before them The form of the nouns • The possessive form of a noun expresses possession and other relations. Pat’s house, the twins’ parents, the company’s future • Many nouns have no special form to show that they are nouns. But there are a number of endings used to form nouns from other words: movement, intention, difference, kindness, security, landing • Most nouns do not have gender. There are only a few word pairs such as steward/stewardess, actress, hostess, princess Noun phrases • A noun phrase can be one word or more than one word. Whisky is expensive. Planes take off from here. Someone was stealing the whisky. A lot of planes take off from here. Security guards set a trap. An emergency landing was made by the pilots. She alerted the pilot. I live in Ulaanbaatar. • In a noun phrase there can be determiners, quantifiers and modifiers, as well as a noun. Use of Nouns • Nouns are used in different ways in a clause: 1. Subject: Father just came. 2. Predicate nominative: Mr. Davidson is my father. 3. Direct object: The children love their father. 4. Indirect object: The children gave their father a hug. 5. Object of a preposition: We are waiting for our father. 6. Objective complement: Sally never called her stepfather father. 7. Modifier of another noun: A father figure is important to child’s psychological development. Subject-noun, noun phrase or pronoun that represents the person or thing that performs the action Predicate-a part of the sentence containing a verb that makes a statement about the S of the verb. Nominative: the form of a noun, a pronoun or an adjective when it is the S of a verb. Object: a N, NP that refers to a person or thing that is affected by the action of the verb. Complement: a N or Adj. that is used after linking verbs such as be and become, and describes the S of the verb.
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