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Coast Guard Chapter 6 Boating

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Coast Guard Chapter 6 Boating Powered By Docstoc
					          Chapter 6
Boating Emergencies...What To Do




                                   1
Most Accidents Are
  Preventable!

           4% equipment

           33% environment


           63% human error



                             2
         The Fatal Chain
•
1    Accidents are not caused by one
      factor but a chain of events
•
2    Hazards contributing to the risk of
      boating accidents
     –   The Environment
     –   The Equipment
     –   The Operator
•3   What are the risks or warning signals
     in each category?

                                             3
         The Environment
•   Cold water   •   Reefs
•   Waves        •   Rocks
•   Deadheads    •   Current
•   Dams         •   Fog
•   Tides        •   Shallows
•   Wind         •   Darkness




                                4
           The Equipment
•   Carbon monoxide   •   Instability
•   Overloading       •   Motor problems
•   No PFDs           •   Poor handling
•   No fuel           •   No brakes
•   Over powered      •   Bad PFDs




                                           5
           The Operator
• Uneducated (no   • Tired
  boating class)   • Too fast for
• No look out            conditions
• Alcohol          • Distracted
• Inexperience     • Other drugs




                                      6
            Prevent Boating
               Accidents
• Boaters Need to:
  – Recognize the hazards
  – Know what to do
  – Act in time




                              7
           Boating Stressors
            Increase Risk
•
1   Glare and heat of the sun
•
2   Motion
•
3   Noise
•
4   Vibration
•
5   Many boaters underestimate effects




                                         8
        Alcohol and Drugs
• BWI a federal offense
1

• BAC of 0.08%
2

• What are the dangers of boating under the
3

  influence?
• Contributes to 1/3 of boating accidents
4




                                          9
         Alcohol And Boating
              Don’t Mix
• What happens if a person uses alcohol
1

  while operating a boat?
•
2 Why is alcohol intensified in the water?




                                             10
        Falling Overboard
• What are some ways to prevent persons
1

  from falling overboard?

• What should you do if someone does fall
2

  overboard?




                                            11
              Overboard
•
1   Reduce speed
•
2   Throw PFD
•
3   Point
•
4   Turn around
•
5   Approach from downwind
•
4   Stop engine
•
5   Pull aboard

                             12
    Retrieving M.O.B.
How would you get a person that fell
overboard back on YOUR boat?
     (Ideas for your boat?)




                                       13
       Capsizing & Swamping
•
1   Don’t overload the boat
•
2   Controlled turns
•
3   Anchor from bow only
•
4   Stay with boat
•
5   Try to re-board




                              14
         Prevent Collisions
• Follow rules of navigation (ch.3)
1

•
2 Who remembers what we said about

  following the rules of navigation in chapter
  3?




                                             15
              Collision
• What should you do?
1




                          16
       If You Go Aground
• What should you do?
1




                           17
          In Case Of Fire
• What should you do?
1




                            18
    Using The
Fire Extinguisher


          P pin
          Pull
          A at base of fire
          Aim
          S
          Squeeze handle
          S
          Sweep side to side


                          19
          Carbon Monoxide
             Poisoning
• What are some of the symptoms of
1

  Carbon Monoxide Poisoning?
•
2 How can you protect yourself and your

  passengers?
•
3 How can you try to prevent this from

  happening?



                                          20
  Station Wagon Effect




Air flow can suck fumes into boat
                                    21
Know How To
Handle Injuries
Maintain First Aid Kit




                         22
          If You Have To Go
              In The Water
• Who remembers the four stages of cold
1
  water immersion?
    Cold water can kill- WEAR your PFD




                                          23
       Cold Water Immersion
           THE FOUR STAGES
•   Cold shock
•   Swimming failure
•   Hypothermia
•   Post-rescue collapse



                              24
        Hypothermia Can
          Cause Death
• What are some of the symptoms?
1




                                   25
   Heat Escape
Lessening Position




Reduces exposure of high
 heat loss areas of body
                           26
                Huddle
• What are the advantages of the “huddle”
1

  position?




                                            27
               Weather
• Check weather on VHF-FM radio
1

    – Wx-1 Wx-2 Wx-3
• What are some signs that the weather is
2

  deteriorating?




                                            28
When Caught In Bad Weather
• What can you do if you are caught in bad
1

  weather?




                                             29
      When Caught In Fog
• What should you do?
1




                           30
To Get Help




              31
           Important Channels
• VHF channel 16
1

    – International distress, safety and calling
    – Widely monitored by USCG, Coast Guard
      stations, and vessels




                                                   32
         Distress, Urgency, &
          Safety Messages
• What radio call would you use for the
1

  following situations?

• Distress
2

•
3 Urgency

•
4 Safety




                                          33
             To Get Help
• What are the advantages and
1

  disadvantages of the cell phone?




                                     34
             Helping Others
1   • Don’t endanger your crew

2
    • Don’t endanger your boat

3   • Remember the Good Samaritan Clause




                                           35

				
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