Docstoc

The Norman Conquest - schoolweb.dysart

Document Sample
The Norman Conquest - schoolweb.dysart Powered By Docstoc
					The Norman Conquest
      The Norman Conquest
• Edward was King of England-he dies
• William of Normandy was supposed to take
  over after Edward’s death
• Harold II is crowned king instead…
• William must fight Harold II for the crown
• William's fight for the crown ended
  victoriously at the Battle of Hastings, in
  October 1066
• Harold II dies in battle
• William the Conqueror was crowned king in
  Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day.
            ASK???

• What did William the Conqueror
  have to do to become King?
England under the Normans
  England under the Normans

• William rewarded his followers with
  land and oversaw a massive
  militarization of society.

• Within a short period, the traditional
  aristocracy was completely replaced
  by Normans loyal to William.
            ASK???
• How did William change England?
Henry II
   Henry II & Thomas Becket
• Henry II took over as
  King after William
• Henry II was loyal to
  William
• He increased the power
  of the monarchy by
  expanding the king’s
  power through royal
  courts
• Thomas Becket was the
  archbishop who crowned
  Harold II king
• Henry II said, “Who will
  free me of this priest?”
• Knights soon killed
  Becket
            ASK???

• Why did Henry II want Thomas
  Becket dead?
King Richard
 King Richard the Lionhearted
• Richard I Lionhearted of England was born
  to King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.

• King Richard spent much time away from
  England
  – The Third Crusade
  – Protecting English land in France

• Richard left England under the care of
  others (mainly his brother John)
            ASK???
• What did Richard spend most of
  his time doing?
King John and the Magna Carta
 King John and the Magna Carta
• King John of England agreed to sign the
  Magna Carta into law-forced by Parliament
• Thus he bound not only himself but his
  "heirs, forever" to grant "to all freemen of
  our kingdom" the rights and liberties the
  great charter described.
• Magna Carta
  – gave all freedmen the right to trial by jury
  – King had to get permission from Parliament to
    raise taxes
            ASK???
• What was the importance of the
  Magna Carta?

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:3/19/2012
language:English
pages:15