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					            PERU’S
  EXPORTABLE GOODS
PRINCIPAL NON-TRADITIONAL PRODUCTS
 WITH POTENTIAL IN THE SWISS MARKET
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS   4
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.      Introduction                                6
        Map Of Peru With Export Offers Per Region   8



2.      AGRIBUSINESS                                10   6.       OTHERS                         90
2.1.    Overview                                    12   6.1.     Caustic Soda                   92
2.2.    Pisco                                       14   6.2.     Jewelry And Costume Jewelry    95
2.3.    Coffee                                      16   6.3.     Software                       98
2.4.    Cocoa                                       18
2.5.    Asparagus                                   20
2.6.    Artichoke                                   22   APPENDIX                               102
2.7.    Avocado                                     24   List of Contacts                       104
2.8.    Mango                                       26   List of Tables and Graphs              109
2.9.    Grapes                                      28
2.10.   Organic Bananas                             30
2.11.   Tangerines                                  32
2.12.   Maca                                        34




3.      FISH AND SHELLFISH                          36




                                                                                                      PERUvian PRodUctS gUidE
3.1.    Overview                                    38
3.2.    Shrimp                                      40
3.3.    Tuna                                        44
3.4.    Peruvian Sardine                            46
3.5.    Rainbow Trout                               48



4.      WOODEN & PAPERS MANUFACTURES                50
4.1.    Overview                                    52
4.2.    Wooden Doors / Panel Doors                  56


                                                                                                      5
4.3.    Wooden Floors / Parquet                     58




5.      TEXTILE AND GARMENTS                        60
5.1.    Overview                                    62
5.2.    Female Cotton Pants                         68
5.3.    Male Cotton Pants                           70
5.4.    Knitted Cotton Pants                        72
5.5.    Cotton Cardigan                             74
5.6.    Alpaca Coats                                76
5.7.    Narrow Shawls And Scarves                   78
5.8.    Fine Hair Sweater                           80
5.9.    Cotton Shirt                                82
5.10.   Polo Shirt                                  84
5.11.   T- Shirt                                    86
5.12.   Baby Wear                                   88
                                                                       1. INTRODUCTION
                                                                              Currently, Peru’s important macroeconomic stability and dynamic economie,
                                                                              acknowledged worldwide, has fostered a marked dynamism in the gross domestic
                                                                              product, in foreign investment and in exports.

                                                                              The GDP growth process, which began in 2001, has been sustained to the point of
                                                                              reaching a level of 9.88% during 2008. On the other hand, despite of the international
                                                                              financial crisis, Peru during the 2009 registered GDP growth of 1.12%. Furthermore,
                                                                              this has been one of the few countries in the world in achieving a positive economic
                                                                              growth, foreseeing that in the following years levels of economic growth registered
                                                                              before the crisis will be retaken and even surpassed.1

                                                                              Total Peruvian exports have had a record growth: going from 7,000 million dollars in
                                                                              2001 to 26, 624.6 million in 2009. This outcome is not only due to the high prices of
                                                                              raw materials internationally but also to the significant diversification and quality of
6




                                                                              non-traditional exports.2
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                                                                              Peru is a country rich in natural resources, with a geographic and climatic diversity
                                                                              that allows for a wide range of products of excellent quality. The Pacific Ocean
                                                                              supplies an abundance of fish and marine resources. The coast, with its numerous
                                                                              fertile valleys, provides high quality cotton and agricultural products appreciated
                                                                              worldwide and which are harvested during the opposite season to that of the northern
                                                                              hemisphere. The Peruvian Andes is rich in mineral resources. Peru is the first world
                                                                              silver producer and the first gold, zinc, tin, and lead producer in Latin America and
                                                                              the second copper producer in the region. The biodiversity and forestry wealth that
                                                                              exists in the Amazon rainforest are huge and have great quality. Peruvian textile
                                                                              exports show great dynamism thanks to the high quality of its cotton, alpaca, and
                                                                              vicuna Peruvian fibers, as well as to the high technology and design of the textile
                                                                              industry.

                                                                              The publication of the Peruvian Non-Traditional Exportable Goods with Potential in
                                                                              the Swiss Market responds to an initiative of the Peruvian Embassy in Switzerland.
                                                                              It became a reality thanks to the valuable support of the Swiss Import Promotion
                                                                              Programme for Prioritized Developing Countries (SIPPO) and to the important work
                                                                              carried out by the Ministry of Foreign Relations of Peru, PROMPERU, the National
                                                                              Industry Association, ADEX, COMEXPERU and the Lima Chamber of Commerce. This
                                                                              is an objective sample of the strong alliance being forged between the public and
                                                                              private sectors in favor of Peruvian exports.

                                                                              This publication, which is preceded by a marked and sudden increase in Peruvian
                                                                              exports, has been prepared as a useful and practical consultation guide for the Swiss
                                                                              importer, based on a careful identification of a selected group of non-traditional export




                          1
                            Source: PROMPERU (formerly PROMPEX), SUNAT
                          2
                            In Peru, a distinction between traditional and non-traditional goods is usually made which differs significantly from the categorisation known in Switzerland: fishing,
                          agricultural, mineral, petroleum, and derivates are seen as traditional sectors in Peru. This guide deals about the products from the Peruvian non-traditional sectors which
                          include: Agriculture and livestock, fishing, textile, timers and papers, and its manufactures, chemical, non-metallic minerals, basic metal industries and jewellery, fabricated
                          metal products and machinery and other products.
products with high capacity for gaining a share in the competitive Swiss market.

Five sectors were chosen for this edition with 31 products in different types of offers,
which imply other tariff items. These are set forth as a first proposal to be assessed
by Swiss importers. The sectors are: Agribusiness, Fish and Shellfish, Textile and
Garments, Wood and one which we have named “Others”, which includes products
such as caustic soda, jewelry-costume jewelry and software. It contains the most
important data and characteristics of each product and updated export statistics to
show its importance in the Peruvian foreign trade. Likewise, it shows the main uses
of the selected products, which stand out for their high quality and potential to meet
the needs of the demanding Swiss market.

We are sure that the dissemination of non-traditional exportable goods, with potential
in the Swiss market, will contribute to the development and improvement of trade
and bilateral economic relationships between both countries, in the context of the
free trade agreement between Peru and Switzerland as a member of the EFTA.

Our special thanks to all the people and Peruvian institutions that have made possible
the preparation of this document, as well as to Mr. Markus Stern of SIPPO, and to Mr.
Hans_Peter Egler, Head of Trade Promotion of the Swiss State Secretarial of Economic
Affairs (SECO) whose support has been essential in making the project a reality.




                                                                                                                                                                                   intRodUction
Beatrice Maser Mallor
Head of Economic Cooperation and Development of the Swiss State Secretariat for
Economic Affairs, Delegate of the Swiss Government for Trade Agreements

Ambassador, Elizabeth Astete Rodríguez
Under Secretary for Economic Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru


                                                                                                                                                                                   7




For most of the exported products from Peru to Switzerland no custom taxes have to be paid (as a part of the Generalized System of Preferences, GSP). Nevertheless there are
some exceptions which are especially indicated in this guide by the information box “Tariff: GSP. The main source of information is the mentioned International Trade Map: Other
important sources are the Peruvian Custom Authorities. Further explanations to the HS Structure and GSP are given in part two of this publication “Swiss Market Information for
Peruvian Exporters”.
AGRIBUSINESS
                          2.                  AGRIBUSINESS
                          2.1. OVERVIEW
                                 During the last five years, the Peruvian agro-industrial sector exports registered an
                                 average annual growth of 24.38%, reaching a FOB value of US$ 1.917 million 2008
                                 (5, 4% of the total exports). Such growth is explained by the increase of the number of
                                 hectares for culture, the removal of sanitary barriers in markets like the United States
                                 and China, the best quotations in the international markets, as well as by a greater
                                 diversification and added value of exported products.

                                                Graph 1: Evaluation of Export Value in the Peruvian Agro Industrial Sector
                                                                               1997 -2008

                                              2,500


                                              2,000                                                                                      1,917
                               US$ Millions




                                                                                                                                 1,512
12




                                              1,500
                                                                                                                         1,220
                                                                                                                 1,007
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                                              1,000                                                       801
                                                                                            549    623
                                                                       406    395    437
                                               500     340     304

                                                 0
                                                      1997    1998     1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005    2006    2007    2008

                                                      Fuente : Sunat

                                 In 2008, 618 tariff items were exported of which 115 tariff items registered a FOB
                                 value near US$ 2,000 millions. Among products with greatest growth were: Fresh
                                 Avocados (US$ 72.6 million – 55.79% of growth), Fresh banana (US$ 45.5 million
                                 – 47.7%), Fresh Grapes (US$ 86.2 million – 44.15%), evaporated milk (US$ 88.88
                                 million – 37.2%), and prepared or canned artichokes (US$ 83.3 - 28,9%).

                                 Table 1: Listing of Peruvian Agro Industrial Goods exported in 2003-2008




                                                                                                                          In Millions US$ FOB
  During 2008, the agro-industrial exports reached to 135 countries, two more than
  the registered countries in the previous year. The main markets were the United
  States (27.7%), the Netherlands (11.3%), Spain (9.4%), Ecuador (4.9%), Colombia
  (4.8%) and the United Kingdom (4.4%, see Table 2). Exports significantly increased
  to the countries such as Colombia (80.98% ), Venezuela (51.6%) and the Netherlands
  (36%).
     Table 2: Listing of Export Destination Countries of Peruvian Agroindustrial Goods
                                         2003-2008




                                                                                  In Millions US$ FOB


  During the last five years, an average incorporation of 76 agro-industrial exporters




                                                                                                        agRiBUSinESS
  per year was registered, reaching 1.431 companies in 2008, 81 more than the com-
  panies registered in the previous year (see Graph 2).




                                                                                                        13
     Graph 2: Number of Peruvian Export Companies listed in the Agro-industrial Sector
                                      1997-2008
              1600
                                                                                                1431
                                                                                  1337 1350
              1400
                                                                           1200
              1200                                                  1094
                                                        924   968
              1000
Nº Empresas




                      843             845   834   823
               800            736

               600

               400

               200

                 0
                      1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
                     Fuente : Sunat
                          2.2. PISCO
                             Peruvian pisco is an alcoholic drink of the brandy family belonging to a variety of
                             grape firewater (“aguardiente”). It has been produced in Peru since the end of the
                             16th century. It is the typical spirit from Peru, distilled from grapes, whose value is
                             known beyond the country’s borders as is proven by the shipping registries from
                             the port of Pisco towards European and American countries such as England, Spain,
                             Portugal, Guatemala, Panama since the 17th century and to the United States of
                             America since the mid 19th century.


                             Origin of the Name
                             •	In	Pre-Colombian	times,	the	large	number	of	birds	that	inhabited	the	area	of	the	
                               Pisco, Ica and Nazca valleys (known by these names for more than four centuries)
                               were called pisqu (pisku, phishgo, pichiu) in the Quechua language.
                             •	More	than	two	thousand	years	ago,	a	human	group	settled	in	the	valley	of	Pisco.	
14




                               They were famous for their pottery, and during the Inca Empire, these extraordinary
                               pottery makers were known as piskos.
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                             •	Since	that	time,	one	of	the	main	pottery	products	were	containers	used	to	store	all	
                               types of beverages, including alcoholic drinks. These containers were also known
                               as piskos.
                             •	Thus,	 the	 first	 grape	 brandy	 to	 be	 produced	 in	 Peru	 was	 stored	 in	 piskos	 and	
                               as time went by, the alcoholic drink came to be known by the name given to its
                               container.

                             Offer and Tariff Item
                             •	Pisco		in	bottles	and	boxes	of	different	sizes	(P.A.	2208202100)
                             •	Bottle	sizes:	0.750	ML,		500	ML;	750ML;	1L

                             Types of Pisco
                             Pure Pisco: Made from non-aromatic grapes, Quebranta, Mollar or Common Black.
                             Mosto Verde Pisco: Obtained from the distillation of partially fermented must.
                             Acholado (Half-breed) Pisco: Blended from the must of several varieties of grape.
                             Aromatic Pisco: Made from Italy and Muscat grape varieties, which are aromatic.
                             There are sub-types such as Italy, Muscat from Alexandria, Torontel or Albilla.

                             Grape Varieties for Pisco-Making
                             Aromatic: Albilla, Italy, Moscatel and Torontel.
                             Non-aromatic: Mollar, Common Black, Quebranta and Uvina.

                             National production areas5
                             It is one of the most representative products of Peru and is only produced in the
                             departments of Lima, Ica, Arequipa, Moquegua and in the valleys of Locumba, Sama
                             and Caplina in the department of Tacna.

                             Destination Markets
                             The United States, Chile, Spain, Colombia, Mexico, France, Canada, among others.




                             5
                                 See map of Peru, page 5 for better orientation
Graph 3: Principal Peruvian Export Destinations for Pisco 2008 (CNP 2208202100)
                      United States 36%

                            Others 18%


                        Switzerland 4%

                           Panama 4%

                           Germany 6%

                          Colombia 7%

                              Spain 8%

                              Chile 17%

      Based on % of US$ FOB                  Source: Peruvian Custom Elaboration: PROMPERU




     Graph 4: Export Growth of Peruvian Pisco 2002-2008 (CNP 2208202100)

    1,800
                                                                                 1,528
    1,600
    1,400
    1,200                                                            1,061
    1,000

      800                                                  682
      600                                       483




                                                                                             agRiBUSinESS
                                       424
      400                  305

      200        84
        0
               2002      2003         2004     2005      2006       2007        2008
            In Thousands of US$ FOB
            Source: Peruvian Custom          Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




Final Comments
                                                                                             15
The National Institute of Culture of Peru, through Head Office Decision No. 179 of
April 7, 1988, declared the term “Pisco” as one of the nation’s cultural heritages.
By Ministerial Order No. 055-99-ITINCI/DM of May 6th, 1999, every fourth Sunday in
July has been established as Pisco Day in Peru.
                          2.3. COFFEE
                             Common Name
                             Coffee

                             Scientific Name
                             Coffee arabica (The only commercial species in Peru)

                            Offer and Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                            •	Undecaffeinated	coffee,	unroasted	(CNP	0901110000)
                            •	Roasted	coffee,	undecaffeinated,	beans	(CNP	0901211000)
                            •	Roasted	coffee,	undecaffeinated,	ground	(CNP	0901212000)
                            •	Roasted	decaffeinated	coffee	(CNP	0901220000)
                            •	Unroasted	decaffeinated	coffee	(CNP	0901120000)
                            •	Preparations	made	with	extracts,	essences	or	concentrates,	or	made	with	coffee	
16




                              (CNP 2101120000)
                                                                                                                	
                            •	Roasted	chicory	and	other	roasted	coffee	substitutes	and	their	extracts,	essences,	
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              concentrates (CNP 2101300000
                            •	Coffee	extracts,	essences	and	concentrates		(CNP	2101110000)
                            •	Other	types	of	coffee,	coffee	shells	and	membranes;	coffee	substitutes	that	
                              contain coffee (CNP 9 0901900000)


                             Varieties
                             •	Arabicas

                             National production areas
                             Coffee grows quite easily at an altitude of 600 to 1,800 meters over sea level (m.o.s.l.)
                             in almost all geographic regions of Peru. However, 75% of coffee plantations are abo-
                             ve 1,000 m.o.s.l.

                             Destination Markets
                             The main destination markets during 2008 were the Germany (33%) United States
                             (25%), Belgium (16%) Sweden (4%), Korea and Italy (3% each).



                                   Graph 5: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Coffee 2008 (HS 090111)

                                                   Germany 33%
                                                     Others 14%

                                                      Canada 2%
                                                         Italy 3%
                                                 South Korea 3%
                                                     Sweden 4%




                                                    Belgium 16%



                                               United States 25%
                                                                                            Based on % of US$ FOB
                                   Source: Peruvian Custom                                  Elaboration: PROMPERU
        Graph 6: Export Growth of Peruvian Coffee 2002-2008 (HS 090111)

70 0                                                                                       645.1

60 0
                                                         515.04
50 0
                                                                        426.95
40 0
                                  290.07   306.66
30 0
        188.09       181.13
20 0

10 0

  0
         2002         2003        2004      2005          2006           20072             00 8

                                                              In Thousands of US$ FOB
        Source: Peruvian Custom              Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




                      Table 3: Peruvian Harvest Seasons of Coffee

 Location/State Jan. Feb. Mar. Abr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
 Amazonas
 Ayacucho
 Cajamarca
 Cusco
 Huánuco
 Junín
 La Libertad
 Lambayeque
 Pasco




                                                                                                   agRiBUSinESS
 Piura
 Puno
 San Martín
 Madre de Dios
 Ucayali




                                                                                                   17
Final Comments
Currently, coffee constitutes as one of the main replacement products for the execu-
tion of the national initiative “Alternative Development” within the actions carried out
by Peru in its strategy to fight drug trafficking and production. The coffee cultivation
areas are situated along the upper Jungle and tropical Andes, considered as one of
the most important critical rural areas within Peru, as it comprises the largest number
of ecosystems in the world threatened by human activities. The special microclimate
conditions of these areas favor the production of high quality coffee.

There are many developments programs operated by national and international
NGO´s, mostly in tropical Andes.
                          2.4. COCOA
                            Common names
                            Cacao, Bakau, cacahua, caspi, cacahuillo, uchpa cacao, cocoa, cumala, macambo,
                            canga turanti.

                            Scientific name
                            Theobroma cacao L.

                            Offer and Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                            •	Cocoa	butter	with/acidity	ratio	expressed	as	oleic	acid	>1%	but	≤1.65%
                              (CNP 1804000012)
                            •	Cocoa	butter	with/acidity	ratio	expressed	as	oleic	acid	≤1%
                              (CNP 1804000011)
                            •	Cacao	beans,	whole	or	split,	raw
                              (CNP 1801001000)
18




                            •	Cacao	powder	without	adding	sugar	or	any	other	sweetener	(CNP	1805000000)
                            •	Cacao	paste	with	total	or	partial	fat	removed	(CNP	1803200000)
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                            •	Cacao	paste	with	fat	(CNP	1803100000)
                            •	Cacao	powder	with	sugar	or	other	sweetener	added	(CNP	1806100000)

                            National production areas
                            Cusco, Ayacucho, Amazonas, Junín, San Martín, Huánuco.

                            Destination Markets
                            Venezuela, the Netherlands, France, the United States, the United Kingdom, Chile,
                            among others.



                                         Graph 7: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Cocoa 2008
                                                       (HS 180400 and HS 180100)
                                          Netherlands 28%
                                                Others 5%
                                                   Italy 5%

                                      United Kingdom 10%




                                              Belgium 14%




                                               France 18%

                                         United States 20%

                                                                                          In % of US$ FOB
                                    Source: Peruvian Custom      Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
                      Graph 8: Export Growth of Peruvian Cocoa 2002-2008
                                  (HS 180400 and HS 180100)

70                                                                                       64.4

60

50
                                                                           39.3
40
                                              25.8          27.2
30                                   23.0
20                     16.6
       11.1
10

 0
       2002            2003          2004     2005          2006           2007          2008

                                                                          In Millions of US$ FOB
        Source: Peruvian Custom                      Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




                         Table 4: Global Harvest Seasons of Cocoa

                      Jan. Feb. Mar. Abr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
Brazil
Cameroon
Colombia
Costa Rica
Ecuador
Ghana
Indonesia
Ivory Coast




                                                                                                   agRiBUSinESS
Malaysia
Mexico
Nigeria
Papua New Guinea
PERU
Trinidad and Tobago
Venezuela




                                                                                                   19
                              Minor Harvest                Mayor Harvest




Final Comments
Peru produces the aromatic cacao type characterized by its high fat content that can
reach levels of 57%, which gives it a high commercial value and great potential for
the production of organic cacao as a crop in agro-forestry systems.

As the same way of Coffee, Cacao is one of the main replacement products used in
“Alternative Development” programs.
                          2.5. ASPARAGUS
                            Common Name
                            Asparagus

                            Scientific Name
                            Asparagus officinalis

                            Offer and Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                            •	Asparagus,	fresh	or	refrigerated	(CNP	0709200000)
                            •	Prepared	or	preserved	asparagus,	unfrozen	(CNP	2005600000)
                            •	Asparagus	(CNP	0710801000)

                            Varieties
                            •	Light	green	or	white	varieties:	Connovers	Colosal,	Mammoth	White
                            •	Dark	green	varieties:	Dark	green	varieties:	Atlas,	Ida	lee,	Cypress,	UC	157,	UC	72.
20




                            National Production Areas
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                            Piura, Lambayeque, La Libertad, Ancash, Lima, Ica

                            Destination Markets
                            United States (44%), Spain (19%), France, the Netherlands (10% each), the United
                            Kingdom (5%), and Germany (3%).



                                      Graph 9: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Asparagus 2008
                                                (CNP 0710801000 and CNP 2005600000)


                                                    United States 44%
                                                            Others 9%
                                                         Germany 3%
                                                 United Kingdom 5%


                                                     Netherlands 10%



                                                         France 10%



                                                           Spain 19%



                                                                                             Based on % US$ FOB
                                     Source: Peruvian Custom            Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
               Graph 10: Export Growth of Peruvian Asparagus 2002-2008
                       (CNP 0710801000 and CNP 2005600000)




                                                                        In Millions US$ FOB
     Source: Peruvian Custom                    Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




                     Table 5: Global Harvest Seasons of Asparagus
                     Jan. Feb. Mar. Abr. May. Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
                                  Northern Hemisphere
 Canada
 France
 Germany
 Guatemala
 Italy
 Mexico




                                                                                              agRiBUSinESS
 Netherlands
 Portugal
 Spain
 Thailand
 United Kingdom
 USA
                                  Southern Hemisphere
 Argentina



                                                                                              21
 Australia
 Chile
 Ecuador
 Indonesia
 New Zealand
 Pakistan
 Perú
 Zi mbabwe



Final Comments
The asparagus boom, which started in Peru in the eighties, has been consolidated
during the past few years and has turned the country into one of the main worldwide
producer and exporter.

Due to the favorable climate in Peru, asparagus are growed during the whole year.
The main harvest is on October to January, and Abril to August, placing them opposite
to the principal harvest seasons in others producers countries.
                          2.6. ARTICHOKE
                             Common Name
                             Artichoke

                             Scientific Name
                             Cynara scolymus.

                             Offer and Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                             •	Prepared	or	preserved	artichokes,	unfrozen	(CNP	2005991000)
                             •	Fresh	or	refrigerated	artichokes	(CNP	0709903000)

                             Varieties
                             •	Artichokes	with	spines.
                             •	Artichokes	without	spines:	Green	globe,	Imperial	star,	Española.
                             •	By	color	classification	they	are	classified	as	purple-colored	cultivars	and
22




                               white-colored cultivars.
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                             National Production Areas
                             La Libertad, Lima, Junín, Ica, Ancash, Arequipa, Ayacucho.

                             Destination Markets
                             The United States (63%), Spain (16%), France (10%), the Netherlands (4%) and
                             Germany (3%), among others.




                                      Graph 11: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Artichokes 2008
                                                            (CNP 2005901000)

                                                         Others 2%
                                                        Canada 2%
                                                      Germany 3%
                                                    Netherlands 4%

                                                        France 10%




                                                         Spain 16%




                                                United States 63%
                                                                                           Based on % US$ FOB
                                    Source: Peruvian Custom           Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
  Graph 12: Export Growth of Peruvian Artichokes 2002-2008 (CNP 2005901000)




                                                                         In Millions US$ FOB
    Source: Peruvian Custom                      Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland



                      Table 6: Global Harvest Seasons of Artichoke

                     Jan. Feb. Mar. Abr. May. Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
                                                  e
                                 Northern Hemispher
 France
 Italy
 Spain
 USA
                                  Southern Hemisphere
 Argentine
 Chile
 Colombia




                                                                                               agRiBUSinESS
 Mexico
 PERU


Final Comments
Due to the favorable climate in Peru, artichokes are produced during the whole
year. The largest harvest volumes in Peru are in August and December, placing


                                                                                               23
them opposite to the principal harvest seasons of the main northern hemisphere
producers.
In the last few years, Peru has placed its leadership in the US market displacing
regular suppliers such as Spain, due to the high quality of its product, experience and
to the technological level achieved by the companies.
                          2.7. AVOCADO
                            Common Name
                            Avocado, “aguacate”, “palta”

                            Scientific Name
                            Persea americana L.

                            Offer and Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                            •	Avocados,	fresh	or	dried	(CNP	0804400000)

                            Varieties
                            •	Fuerte, Hass, Hall, Creole, Nava.

                            National Production Areas
                            Junín, Lima, Moquegua, Ica, Piura, San Martín, Ayacucho, La Libertad, Huánuco,
24




                            Apurímac, Tacna.
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                            Destination Markets
                            In 2008 the main destination markets were the Netherlands (45%), Spain (34%), the
                            United Kingdom (10%), France (8%) and Canada (1%), and others.



                                       Graph 13: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Avocados 2008
                                                            (CNP 0804400000)

                                                  Netherlands 45%
                                                           Others 2%
                                                          Canada 1%
                                                           France 8%

                                             United Kingdom 10%




                                                          Spain 34%




                                                                                              Based on % US$ FOB
                                Source: Peruvian Custom                  Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
                Graph 14: Export Growth of Peruvian Avocados 2002-2008
                                   (CNP 0804400000)




                                                                           In Millions US$ FOB
    Source: Peruvian Custom                        Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




                       Table 7: Global Harvest Seasons of Avocado
                      Jan. Feb. Mar. Abr. May. Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
                                  Northern Hemisphere
 Dominican Republic
 Israel
 Mexico
 Spain
 USA




                                                                                                 agRiBUSinESS
                                  Southern Hemisphere
 Argentina
 Australia
 Chile
 New Zealand
 Peru
 South Africa




                                                                                                 25
Final Comments
Avocado has been the product with the biggest growth in 2008 (55.7%), not only as
a consequence of the extension of the crop areas and the high productivity of fields,
but also due to the placement in the European market where in this season are a few
competitors being the main ones: Chile, Spain and South Africa.
With the opening of the American market, we hope to continue growing our exports in
order to compete in this market with Chile and Mexico.
One	of	the	strengths	of	this	product	is	the	organization	of	its	producer	companies;	they	
are grouped in the “Palta Hass Producers Association” (Pro Hass) that watch over the
interests of the exporters through marketing, purchasing of raw materials, technical
assistance, etc.
                          2.8. MANGO
                            Common Name
                            Mango

                            Scientific Name
                            Mangifera indiga L

                            Offer and Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                            •	Mangoes	and	mangosteens,	fresh	or	dried	(CNP	0804502000)
                            •	Mangoes	prepared	or	preserved	(CNP	2008993000)
                            •	Mango	Juice	(CNP	2009801400)

                            Varieties
                            •	Haden,	Kent,	Tommy	Atkins.
26




                            National Production Areas
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                            Piura, Lambayeque, Lima, Ucayali, Ancash.

                            Destination Markets
                            The Netherlands, the United States, the United Kingdom, Spain, Canada, etc.




                                      Graph 15: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Mangoes 2008
                                                (CNP 0804502000 and CNP 2008993000)

                                                 United States 38%




                                                   Netherlands 39%




                                                        Others 6%
                                                        France 2%
                                                       Canada 4%
                                                         Spain 4%
                                                 United Kingdom 7%

                                                                                              Based on % US$ FOB
                                           Source: Peruvian Custom       Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
                  Graph 16: Export Growth of Peruvian Mangoes 2002-2008
                         (CNP 0804502000 and CNP 2008993000)




                                                                           In Millions US$ FOB
    Source: Peruvian Custom                        Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




                         Table 8: Global Harvest Seasons of Mango

                       Jan. Feb. Mar. Abr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
                                   Northern Hemisphere
   Costa Rica
   India
   Indonesia
   Israel




                                                                                                 agRiBUSinESS
   Ivory Cost
   Mexico
   Pakistan
   Philippines
   USA
                                   Southern Hemisphere
   Brazil
   Ecuador



                                                                                                 27
   Madagascar
   Peru
   South Africa


Final Comments
Peru has a seasonal advantage especially during the second quarter of December
and the last days of February.
Peru’s competitors in this season are Brazil and Ecuador.
There are many companies which have been certified for their good agricultural
practices including certifications such as Euregap, Tesco, USGAP, Globalgap etc.
                          2.9. GRAPE
                            Common Name
                            Grape

                            Scientific Name
                            Vitis vinifera L.

                            Offer and Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                            •	Fresh	grapes	(CNP	0806100000)
                            •	Strong	alcoholic	liquor	distilled	from	grape	pressings,	“grappa”	and	similar	ones	
                              (CNP 2208203000)
                            •	All	other	grape	juices	except	those	with	a	brix-value	below	or	equal	to	20
                              (CNP 2009690000)
                            •	Dried	grapes,	including	raisins	(CNP	0806200000)
28




                            Varieties
                            •	Gross	Colman	                    •	Red	globe
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                            •	White	Italian	                   •	Crimson	seedless
                            •	Muscat	of	Alexandria	            •	Lavalle
                            •	Thompson	                        •	Autun	Royal

                            National Production Areas
                            Ica, Lima, Cajamarca, Arequipa, Tacna, Piura, La Libertad, Ancash. Lambayeque.

                            Destination Markets
                            The United States (22%), the Netherlands (14%), Hong Kong and United Kingdom
                            (12% each), China (9%), and Russia (5%), among others.



                                         Graph 17: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Grape 2008
                                                            (CNP 0806100000)

                                     United States 22%



                                                Others 26%




                                                Russia 5%

                                                  China 9%

                                  United Kingdom 12%

                                        Hong Kong 12%
                                       Netherlands 14%

                                                                                                 Based on % US$ FOB
                                     Source: Peruvian Custom                Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
                   Graph 18: Export Growth of Peruvian Grape 2002-2008
                                    (CNP 0806100000)




                                                                        In Millions US$ FOB
         Source: Peruvian Custom                Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland



                      Table 9: Global Harvest Seasons of Grape Varieties


                                      Northern Hemisphere
China       various
EU          various
            Flame
Mexico      Perlette
            Red Globe
            Superior
            Autumn Royal
            Crimson
USA         Flame S.
            Melissa
            Red Globe




                                                                                              agRiBUSinESS
            Thompson
                                      Southern Hemisphere
Brazil      Red Globe
            Crimson
            Flame S.
Chile       Red Globe
            Ribier
            Superior
            Thompson
            Flame
Namibia     Red Globe




                                                                                              29
            Thompson
            Flame
            Gross Colman
Peru        Red Globe
            Ribier
            Superior
            Thompson
            Crimson
            Flame
South       Red Globe
Africa      Ribier
            Superior
            Thompson
            Superior


Final Comments
From 2005, production areas have been widen , specially in the Northern coast (Piura
region) where there have been found optimum conditions for its crop increasing the
productivity and achieving early harvests approximately from September, making a
difference compared to Chile, Brazil and The United States. The technological level
achieved by the producers and grape packers is also a strength that has allowed a
quick exports growth.
                          2.10. ORGANIC BANANA

                              Common Name
                              Banana

                              Scientific Name
                              Musa paradisiaca L.

                              Offer and Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                              •	Fresh	“Cavendish	Valery”	type	Bananas	(CNP	0803001200)

                              Varieties
                              •	“Cavendish	Valery”	is	the	most	commercial

                              National Production Areas
30




                              Piura and Tumbes.
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              Destination Markets
                              The Netherlands (42%), the United States (31%), Japan and Belgium (9% each),
                              Germany (6%), and others.



                              Graph 19: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Organic Bananas Cavendish Valery
                                                       Type 2008 (CNP 0803001200)

                                          Netherlands 42%

                                                    Others 3%
                                                Germany 6%
                                                     Japan 9%

                                                  Belgium 9%




                                         United States 31%


                                                                                           Based on % US$ FOB
                                        Source: Peruvian Custom       Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
         Graph 20: Export Growth of Peruvian Organic Banana 2002-2008
                              (CNP 0803001200)




                                                                   In Millions US$ FOB
        Source: Peruvian Custom            Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland



Harvest Season
Banana plantation and harvest in Peru takes place all-year-round.

Final Comments
Peru has found an interesting niche in the organic market and has become one of
the main exporters. Due to microclimates in the northern coast, we almost have no
plagues and illnesses which allow the production without agrochemicals. Also, these
climate conditions allow the production and harvest all year long which let us export




                                                                                         agRiBUSinESS
in the European winter.

Our principal competitors are Dominican Republic, Costa Rica and Ecuador.




                                                                                         31
                          2.11. TANGERINE
                              Common Name
                              Tangerine

                              Scientific Name
                              Citricus reticulate, Ten

                              Offer and Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                              •	Tangerines,	fresh	or	dried	(CNP	0805201000)

                              Varieties
                              •	Satsuma:	earliest	type,	with	larger	size,	seedless	fruit	with	less	quality	in	taste;	
                                among these, the most important variety is the Clausellina” .
                              •	Clementine:	late,	smaller	size	fruit	with	seeds	and	better	quality	in	taste;	the	most		
                                important variety is the Clemenule.
32




                              •	Other	types:	Ornamental,	Cleopatra	tangerine,	Nova	hybrids,	Citroyer,	Fortune,	etc.
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              National Production Areas
                              Central coast, northern coast, lower jungle, upper jungle, Lima, Ica, Junín, Cusco, San
                              Martín, Madre de Dios, Ayacucho

                              Destination Markets
                              Among others the United Kingdom (36%), Canada (17%), United States (16%), the
                              Netherlands and Ireland (13% each) among others.




                                        Graph 21: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Tangerines 2008
                                                              (CNP 0805201000)

                                            United Kingdom 36%

                                                         Others 9%
                                                   Venezuela 4%
                                                      Russia 5%


                                                Netherlands 13%




                                               United States16%


                                                    Canada 17%

                                                                                             Based on % US$ FOB
                                            Source: Peruvian Custom     Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
                Graph 22: Export Growth of Peruvian Tangerines 2002-2008
                                    (CNP 0805201000)




                                                                          In Millions US$ FOB
          Source: Peruvian Custom                 Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




                        Table 10: Global Harvest Seasons of Tangerines

                        Jan. Feb. Mar. Abr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
                                      Northern Hemisphere
 China
 Mexico
 Morocco
 Spain




                                                                                                agRiBUSinESS
 USA
                                      Southern Hemisphere
 Brazil
 Peru
 South Africa



Final Comments

                                                                                                33
Peruvian citrus have the United Kingdom, Holland, The Unites States and Canada as
main destination markets totalizing in these countries 85% of our exports.
The main competitors of the Peruvian fruit are Chile, Uruguay, Argentine, and South
Africa, being this latter the leader of the market. The advantage of Peru is that it can
enter before and stay longer.
                          2.12. MACA
                              Common Name
                              Maca, Peruvian Ginseng, Andean Ginseng, Willku, Chichira

                              Scientific Name
                              Lepidium peruvianum Chacon; Lepidium meyenii Walp
                              Part of the Plant used: Root

                              Offer and Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                              •	Maca	flour	(CNP	1106201000)
                              •	Maca,	lepidium	meyenii	(CNP	0714901000)

                              Varieties
                              •	There	are	4	varieties	identified	by	the	color	of	the	root:	creamy	yellow;	purple	with	
34




                              yellow	strips;	purple;	and	black.	
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              National Production Areas
                              Junín, Pasco, Huancavelica, Puno, Apurímac, Cusco

                              Destination Markets
                              The United States (42%), Japan (15%),France (8%), Germany (7%), the United King-
                              dom and Honk Kong (3% each), among others.




                                          Graph 23: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Maca 2008
                                                             (CNP 1106201000)

                                        United States 42%




                                               Others 22%



                                            Hong Kong 3%
                                       United Kingdom 3%
                                              Germany 7%


                                                France 8%
                                                Japan 15%

                                                                                           Based on % US$ FOB
                                       Source: Peruvian Custom        Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
                Graph 24: Export Growth of Peruvian Maca 2002-2008




                                                                      In Millions US$ FOB
          Source: Peruvian Custom             Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




                    Table 11: Peruvian Harvest Season of Maca

 Jan.    Feb.   Mar. Abr.           May          .
                                          Jun. Jul      Aug. Sep. Oct.             Nov. Dec.




Final Comments
Maca is a member of the mustard family native to the highlands of Peru. The turnip-




                                                                                               agRiBUSinESS
like root of the plant is harvested and dried, for use in porridge, cookies, baked goods,
syrups, juices, blender drinks and liquors. Maca is mostly available in powder form,
gelatinized powder, Micro-pulverized, tablets or encapsulated as a concentrate.

Dried Maca contains about 59% carbohydrate, and 10% protein, a lipid content of
2.2%, and a number of sterols, including sitosterol, campestrol, ergosterol, brassi-
casterol and ergostadienol. Maca is also a good source of iron, magnesium, calcium,

                                                                                               35
potassium and iodine. The levels of proteins and carbohydrates are higher than in the
worldwide known Korean Ginseng.
FISH AND SHELLFISH
                          3.     FISH AND SHELLFISH
                          3.1. OVERVIEW
                                   During the last five years (2004 – 2008), exports of fish and seafood products for
                                   human consumption registered an average annual growth of 20%, thus reaching
                                   a FOB value of US$ 588 million in 2008. This trend is based on investments in
                                   processing facilities, as well as improvement in quality control, and a diversification
                                   strategy of both, products and markets.

                                              Graph 1: Evolution of Peruvian Seafood Exports 1997-2008 (Million U$ FOB)
38




                               US$ Millions
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                                               Source: Peruvian Custom                                Elaboration: PROMPERU


                                  A total of 80 different seafood tariff items (seafood for human consumption) were
                                  exported in 2008, while 36 of them registered a FOB value by more than US$ 1
                                  million.	The	products	with	the	greatest	growth	rate	were:	frozen	Giant	Squid	(64%);	
                                  canned Pacific Mackerel (51%) and frozen Jack Mackerel, frozen Smelt, frozen Mahi
                                  mahi (37%).


                                                      Table 1: Peruvian Seafood Products Exported in 2007 – 2008




                                               Source: Peruvian Custom                                Elaboration: PROMPERU
During 2008, Peru registered 106 countries (five less than in the previous year). Main
markets are shown in Table 2, and it is important to remark that Spain still leads the
ranking with 17.65% of participation, followed by the United States (15.34%). Third,
but with one of the most interesting growth rate comes China (14.62%), then South
Korea (6.33%) and France (6.09%).


        Table 2: Destination Countries of Peruvian Seafood Exports 2003-2008
                                    (Million U$ FOB)




      Source: Peruvian Custom                                            Elaboration: PROMPERU



As a result of diversification strategy, an average of 17 new seafood companies per
year was registered during the last five years (2004-2008). Exporting companies are
accounted for a total of 454 in 2008 (Figure 2).




                                                                                                 FiSH and SHELLFiSH
           Graph 2: Number of Peruvian Export Companies listed in the Fish
                         and Seafood Sector 1997-2008
500                                                                                465 454
                                                                           451
450
                                                            398    386
400    363                                    354    367


                                                                                                 39
350            314     311 309         325
300
250
200
150
100
 50
-
       1997    1998    1999     2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005    2006    2007   2008
           Source: Peruvian Custom                                       Elaboration: PROMPERU
                          3.2. SHRIMP
                              Name of the Product
                              Whiteleg shrimp

                              Scientific Name
                              Litopenaeus vannamei

                              International Tariff Item
                              Frozen shrimp, whole, tails and other offers (HS 030613)

                              Origin / National Production Area
                              Aquaculture / Tumbes (North West Coast)


                                          Table 3: Chemical and Nutritional Composition of White Shrimp
40
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              Offer

                              Shrimp in international trade is shipped frozen after having undergone the primary
                              processing stages such as washing, sorting, grading, freezing and packing and, to
                              achieve added value, additional stages such as cutting, cooking, grinding, freezing
                              (Block or IQF), assorting and specialized packing (Modified Atmosphere Packing
                              (MAP), skin packing, skewers), etc. The local market, however, is also supplied with
                              fresh chilled shrimps. In the following forms, shrimps are usually produced and
                              traded in the market either cooked or uncooked:

                              •	Head-On:	Head,	shell	and	tailfins	on
                              •	Headless/Shell-On:	Only	the	head	has	been	removed	and	the	shell	and	tailfins	are	
                                still on
                              •	 Tail	 On:	 Headless,	 peeled	 &	 deveined	 shrimp	 in	 which	 the	 tail	 has	 not	 been	
                                removed
                              •	Tail	Off:	Headless,	peeled	&	deveined	shrimp	in	which	the	tail	has	been	removed
                              •	P&D:	Peeled	&	deveined,	round,	tail	off.	All	shell	and	tailfins	have	been	removed,	
                                with segments shallowly slit to the last segment
                              •	 P&D/Butterfly:	 Peeled	 &	 deveined,	 fantail	 or	 butterfly,	 tail	 on.	All	 shell	 has	 been	
                                removed except last shell segment and tail fins with segments deeply slit to last
                                segment
                              •	PUD:	Peeled	and	undeveined.	All	shell	and	tailfins	have	been	removed	with	the	
                                 segments unslit
                              •	Butterflied:	The	shell	and	digestive	track	have	been	removed	and	a	deep	cut	has	
                                been	made	that	“butterflies”	the	shrimp	without	splitting	it	into	two	pieces.
                              •	Shrimp	paste,	can	be	on	sticks	or	in	Kebab	form
                              •	Shrimp	on	skewers	/	shrimps	packed	in	rings	with	sauces	ready-to-eat
                      Table 4: International Shrimp Sizing Guide

 Shrimp Size          Count        Avarage number of shrimp        Shrimp
                   (per pound) (per pound)    (per 4oz serving) (per 5 lb box)
 Extra Colossal       U / 10         5                3             40 - 49
 colossal             U / 12         9                3             50 - 59
 Colossal             U / 15        14                4             60 - 74
 Extra Jumbo         16 / 20        17                5             75 - 97
 Jumbo               21 / 25        23                6            98 - 120
 Extra Large          26 /30        28                7           121 - 145
 Large               31 / 35        33                8           146 - 173
 Medium Large        36 / 40        38               10           174 - 190
 Medium              41 / 50        45               12           191 - 240
 Small               51 / 60        55               14           241 - 290
 Extra Small         61 / 70        65               16           291 - 340

Availability
Throughout the year

Use
Human consumption

Remarks
Peruvian shrimp offer have two types of presentation: whole and headless.

Whole shrimp exports were increased in 2008 and its main destinations were Spain
(49%), United States (28%), The Netherlands (13%), France (4%), Italy (3%) and




                                                                                     FiSH and SHELLFiSH
others (4%). (see Figure 3). Exports from 27 companies were registered in 2008 of
which the most important ones were Corporación Refrigerados INY S.A. (19.9%),
Domingo Rodas S.A. (15.2%) and La Fragata S.A. (11.5%).


             Graph 3: Peruvian Shrimps Markets 2008 (based on value)

                         Italy 3%

                      Others 4%

                                                                                     41
                      France 4%

               Netherlands 13%




            United States 28%


                      Spain 48%

                  Source: Peruvian Custom                Elaboration: PROMPERU


Peruvian shrimp exports show an increase trend, supported on aquaculture industry.
Between 2008 and 2007, total exports increased in US$ 3 million.
                                         Graph 4: Peruvian Export of Whole Shrimps 2004-2008 (Million U$ FOB)




                          US$ Millions
42
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                                             Source: Peruvian Custom                        Elaboration: PROMPERU



                             On the other hand, Shrimp Tails were mainly exported the United States (88%), Spain
                             (8/%), and others (4%). Exports from 47 companies were registered in 2008 of which
                             the most important ones were Congelados Pacifico (12%), Corporacion Refrigerados
                             INY S.A. (11%), Marina Azul (9%) and La Fragata S.A. (9%).



                                         Graph 5: Peruvian Shrimps Markets 2008 (based on value) Shrimp Tails


                                                Chile 0%
                                             Ecuador 1%

                                              France 1%


                                               Spain 8%




                                                      United States 90%


                                            Source: Peruvian Custom                   Elaboration: PROMPERU



                             Shrimp tails exports continued its growth trend. For instance, between 2008 and
                             2007, total exports increased in US$ 2 million.
US$ Millions
               Graph 6: Peruvian Export of Shrimps Tails 2004-2008 (Million U$ FOB)




                      Source: Peruvian Custom                   Elaboration: PROMPERU




                                                                                        FiSH and SHELLFiSH
                                                                                        43
                          3.3. TUNA
                              Name of the product
                              Tuna

                              Scientific Name
                              Thunnus albacares, Thunnus obesus, Euthynnus pelamis, Auxis thazard

                              Origin
                              Wild caught

                              International Tariff Items
                              •	White	Tuna,	fresh	or	refrigerated	(HS	030231)
                              •	Yellow-fin	tuna,	fresh	or	refrigerated	(HS	030232)
                              •	Common	or	blue	fin	tuna	(HS	030235)
                              •	Other	fish,	fresh	or	refrigerated	(HS	030239)
44




                              •	White	Tuna,	frozen	(HS	030341)
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              •	Frozen	yellow-fin	tuna	(HS	030342)
                              •	Common	or	blue	fin	tuna,	frozen	(HS	030345)
                              •	All	other	tuna	(HS	030349)
                              •	All	other	frozen	fillets	(HS	030429)
                              •	Tuna	preparations	and	canned	tuna,	whole	or	in	chunks	(HS	160414)
                              •	All	other	fish	preparations	and	canned	fish	(HS	160419	/HS	160420)

                              Geographic Distribution
                              Tropical and subtropical seas

                                                Table 5: Chemical and Nutritional Composition of Tuna
                                                  Component                         Average by type of offer
                                                                                     Fresh              Canned
                                Moisture                                              70.4                65.3
                                Fat                                                    4.6                 9.9
                                Protein                                               23.3                22.9
                                Mineral Salts                                          1.6                 1.9
                                Calories                                              17 5                223


                              Offer
                              Tuna comes fresh chilled, frozen and canned.
                              •	Fresh	chilled
                              •	Whole,	gutted,	with	or	without	head
                              •	Fillets	with	skin,	pieces	wrapped	in	plastic	sheets
                              •	Frozen:
                              •	Cooked	loins	IQF,	vacuum-packed
                              •	Slices	IQF,	IWP
                              •		Whole,	gutted,	with	or	without	the	head,	IQF
                              •	Canned	(Tuna/Skipjack/Melva).
                              •	Solid	in	vegetable	oil,	sunflower	oil,	olive	oil	or	in	water	and	salt,	½	lb	tuna	x	48
                              •	Fillets	in	vegetable	oil,	sunflower	oil,	olive	oil	or	in	water	and	salt;	½	lb	tuna	x	48;	
                                ¼	club		x	50;	RO	1000	x	12;	RO	1150	x	12;	A-15	x	6
                              •	Loins	in	olive	oil,	olive	oil	and	piquillo	peppers,	in	glass	jars	200/300	g	x	12	or	48
                              •	Chunks	in	vegetable	oil,	sunflower	oil	or	in	water	and	salt,	½	lb	tuna	x	48
Availability
Throughout the year, depending on weather conditions and fish movement

Use
Human Consumption (waste material is sometimes used for animal feed industry)

Remarks
Canned tuna and its different species (yellow fin, skipjack and melva) have decrea-
sed US$ 1.71 million approximately compared with 2007. Its main destinations were
the United Kingdom (40%), Spain (37%), Dominic Republic (16%), Italy (4%) and
others (3%). Among, the most important exporting companies were Austral Group
S.A. (92.7%) and Pesquera Hayduk S.A. (5.7%).

                    Graph 7: Peruvian Canned Tuna Markets 2008 (based on value)

                     United Kingdom 40%
                               Others 3%
                                       Italy 4%

                    Dominic Republic 16%




                                                                                            FiSH and SHELLFiSH
                                   Spain 37%


                    Source: Peruvian Custom                Elaboration: PROMPERU



Peruvian tuna exports have a variable trend. In 2008 the export value was US$ FOB
4 million.

                Graph 8: Peruvian Export of Canned Tuna 2004-2008 (Million U$ FOB)

                                                                                            45
                                       Canned Tuna Exports
              7.0
                                              6                    6
              6.0
                           5
              5.0                                     5
                                                                                    4
              4.0
US$ Million




              3.0

              2.0

              1.0

               0
                         2004             2005     2006          2007              2008
                    Source: Peruvian Custom                         Elaboration: PROMPERU
                          3.4. PERUVIAN SARDINE
                              Name of product
                              Peruvian Sardine / Anchovy

                              Scientific Name
                              Engraulis ringens

                              International Tariff Items
                              •	Sardines,	fresh	or	refrigerated	(HS	030261)
                              •	Sardines,	frozen	(HS	030371)
                              •	Preparations	and	canned	sardines	(HS	160413)

                              Origin
                              Wild Catch
46




                              Geographic Distribution
                              Piura - Tacna (south west coast)
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                                        Table 6: Chemical and Nutritional Composition of Peruvian Sardine




                              Production
                              Peruvian sardines are supplied frozen, canned and marinated

                              •	Frozen
                              •	Fillets	with	skin,	interleaved	or	IQF
                              •	Headed	and	gutted,	in	blocks
                              •	Whole,	in	blocks
                              •	Surimi

                              •	Canned
                              •	Fillets	in	vegetable	or	olive	oil,	in	RR	90	x	100	containers;	¼	club	x	50	or	1/13	x	
                                100
                              •	Whole	(dressed)	smoked	or	non-smoked,	in	vegetable	oil,	sunflower	oil,	olive	oil,	
                                water	and	salt,	tomato	sauce,	or	special	sauces,	in	containers	¼	club	x	50;	5.5	oz	
                                (tinapa)	x		48;1	lb	tall/oval	x	24;	RO	1000	x	12;	RO	1150	x	12:	A-5	x	6
                              •	Grated	in	vegetable	oil	or	in	water	and	salt,	containers	½	lb	tuna	x	48	or	1	lb	tall	x	
                                24
                              •	Marinated
                                                      Table 7: Availability of Peruvian Sardine
                              •	Marinated	fillets	and	rolls	(anchovy	type)	in	glass	jars	or	thermo	sealed	trays
                               Jan.    Feb.   Mar.    Abr.    May       Jun.   Jul.   Aug.   Sep.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.




                              Use
                              Food for Human Consumption (waste material is sometimes used for animal feed
                              industry)
Remarks
Peruvian sardines exports were US$ 18 million in 2008 which represented an
increase of US$ 4.94 million compared with 2007. Its main destinations markets were
Dominican Republic (32%), Colombia (15%), Spain (8%), Panama (6%) and Republic
of South Africa (6%). (See Figure 9). Exports from 28 companies were registered in
2008 of which the most important ones were Austral Group S.A. (37.1%), Alimentos
Pesqueros del Pacífico Sur (10.8%) and Pesquera Hayduk S.A. (8.5%).


                   Graph 9: Peruvian Canned Sardines Markets 2008 (based on value)

                                  Others 33%
                  Republic of South Africa 6%

                                 Panama 6%

                                    Spain 8%



                               Colombia 15%




                    Dominican Republic 32%

                  Source: Peruvian Custom                 Elaboration: PROMPERU


Peruvian Canned Sardines exports have shown an increase tendency since 2005.




                                                                                        FiSH and SHELLFiSH
Total exports increased in value terms from 2007 to 2008 in around US$ 5 million.


     Graph 10: Peruvian Export of Canned Sardines 2004-2008 (Million U$ FOB)




                                                                                        47
   US$ Millions




                         Source: Peruvian Custom                Elaboration: PROMPERU
                          3.5. RAINBOW TROUT
                              Name of the product
                              Rainbow trout

                              Scientific Name
                              Oncorhynchus mykiss

                              International Tariff Items
                              •	Fresh	whole	trout	(HS	030211)
                              •	Frozen	whole	trout,	except	fillets	(HS	03032)
                              •	All	other	fresh	refrigerated	fillets	and	meat	(HS	030419)
                              •	Frozen	fillets	(HS	030429)
                              •	Other	smoked	fish,	including	fillets	(HS	030549)

                              Origin / National Production Area
48




                              Aquaculture in the Peruvian Andes
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                                         Table 8: Chemical and Nutritional Composition of Rainbow Trout




                              Offer
                              Trout comes fresh chilled, frozen and canned.

                              •	Fresh	chilled
                              -	Fillets	of	120	/	150;	150/200g	in	boxes	and	master	box
                              -	Deboned,	butterfly	cut,	classified	by	weight;	220/240/260	grams	per	piece,	in		
                                 smal boxes and master box
                              -	Whole,	gutted,	170/200:	200/230;	230/260	grams	per	piece	in	polyethylene	bags,	
                                 in small boxes and master box
                              •	Frozen
                              -	 Skinless,	 boneless	 fillets,	 IQF,	 vacuum	 sealed	 or	 interleaved,	 120/150;	 150/200	
                                 grams in small boxes and master box
                              -	Deboned,	butterfly	cut,	IQF	vacuum	sealed	or	interleaved,	200/240/260	grams	per	
                                 piece in small boxes and master box
                              -	Whole,	gutted,	170/200;	200/230;	230/260	grams	in	polyethylene	bags,	in	small	
                                 boxes and master box
                              - Cold smoked fillets, ready to eat, 200/300 grams per piece, vacuum sealed
                              - Hot smoked fillets, ready to eat, 200/300g per piece, vacuum sealed
                              •	Canned
                              -	Fillets,	medallions	or	grated	in	vegetable	oil	or	in	water	and	salt,	containers:	½	lb	
                                 tuna x 48

                              Availability
                              Throughout the year
Use
Human consumption

Remarks
Trout exports had a good performance up to year 2007, however, there were a
decrease in 2008 that can be attributed to a local market boom. Its main markets
were Germany (43%), Norway (25%), Sweden (13%), United States (12%) and others
(7%). Two companies share all Peruvian trout offer: Piscifactoría de Los Andes S.A.
accounts for 92.6% and Inversiones Perú Pacífico S.A. has 7.4% of the share.




             Graph 11: Peruvian Trout Markets 2008 (based on value)

         Germany 43%

              Others 7%


    United States 12%


           Sweden 13%




                                                                                      FiSH and SHELLFiSH
           Norway 25%

          Source: Peruvian Custom                   Elaboration: PROMPERU



Trout exports maintained an increase trend until 2007. However, in 2008 exports
experienced some reductions reaching USD 953,000 despite continuous production
rates;	this	can	be	explained	on	local	market	increase.


                                                                                      49
          Graph 12: Peruvian Export of Trout 2004-2008 (1,000 U$ FOB)




              Source: Peruvian Custom                   Elaboration: PROMPERU
WOODEN & PAPERS
  MANUFACTURES
                           4. WOODEN & PAPERS MANUFACTURES
                          4.1. OVERVIEW
                                      During the last five years, exports of the lumber sector and its Peruvian manufactures
                                      registered an average annual growth of 20%, reaching a FOB value of US$ 427
                                      million 2008 (1 % of the total exports, see Graph 1). Such growth is explained by
                                      an improvement in the handling of forests, the best quotations in the international
                                      markets, and by the venturing into new market niches such as materials and finished
                                      goods for the construction sector.




                                                Graph 1: Exports in the Lumber and Papers Sector 1998-2008
52
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              US$ Millions




                                Marketplaces
                                Out of the 113 export markets for the Sector during the year 2008, there was a growth
                                of seven markets from the previous year. Lumber exports to Mexico added up US$
                                81 millions with 11% growth, occupying the first place among the destinations, with
                                a participation of 19%, being the sawed tropical “virola” wood its main imported
                                product.

                                In second place, China made up for about 15%, with US$ 62 millions and 51% of
                                growth, followed by the USA with 12% and US$ 52 millions, and then Ecuador with
                                11% of the Sector exports, US$ 45 millions and 68% of growth. Finally, Venezuela
                                accounted for 9% of Sector exports, US$ 39 millions and 41% of growth.

                                Altogether, the 5 main buyers represented 66% of the Sector Peruvian exports.
     Table 1: Exports in the Lumber and Papers Sector per Product 2004-2008




Among the new customers in the year 2008, Eslovenia imported US $ 56 mil, fo-
llowed by Anguilla (US $ 46 mil) and Filipinas (US $ 36 mil).




                                                                                       WoodEn & PaPERS ManUFactURES
The main growth in marketplaces took place with to Honduras (1,385%), explained
by books and pamphlets (US$ 1.8 millions), followed by France (225%), explained
by parket products and by Argentina 169%, also explained by books and pamphlets
(US$ 4 millions and 344% of growth).

During the last five years there was an average entry of 94 exporters per year, rea-
ching 1514 enterprises 2008, 74 more than the ones registered the previous year
(see Graph 2). 55 companies exported for more than US$ 1 million.




                                                                                       53
                          Table 2: Destination countries of Lumber and Papers Sector 2004-2008
54




                                                                                   In Mio.US$ FOB
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                             Graph 2: Lumber and Paper Exports in 2008 US$ Million, %



                          Others 26%

                          Colombia 8%

                          Venezuela 9%


                          Ecuador 11%


                          United States 9%



                          China 15%

                          Mexico 19%
Graph 3: Number of Lumber and Paper Sector Enterprises 1998-2008




                                                                   WoodEn & PaPERS ManUFactURES
                                                                   55
                          4.2. PANEL DOORS
                              Name of the product
                              Doors

                              International Tariff Item
                              •	Doors	and	their	frames,	counterframes	and	wood	thresholds	(41820,	for	export	
                              statistics see page 2)

                              Geographic Distribution
                              The main wood door producing cities in Peru are located in:
                              •	Lima
                              •	Trujillo
                              •	Huancayo
                              •	Loreto
56




                              Main characteristics of raw material
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              The wood used for manufacturing wood doors should have a humidity range

                                                Table 3: Average Humidity Range of Raw Material

                                  ComponentA                                    verage per type of offer
                                  Humidity 8%                                               -12%


                              Offer
                              The main types of wood used in the manufacturing of wood doors are:
                              •	Cachimbo
                              •	Mahogany
                              •	Cedar
                              •	Tornillo
                              •	Congona

                              Most common indoor wood door measurements
                              •	Measurement	in	inches
                                36” x 84” x 1 ¾ “

                              •	Measurement	in	millimeters
                              625/725/825 mm Width
                              2030/1910/2110 mm Height
                              30/40/45 mm Thickness

                              Use
                              Types of doors according to their use:
                              •	Front	doors
                              •	Interior	doors
                              •	Terrace	doors
                              •	Garden	doors
                              •	Garage	doors

                              Final Comments
                              The wood door exports has grown in a sustainable way during the past few years
                              reaching US$1,880,000 in 2008.
The main recipient countries for our wood door exports are the United States, Mexico,
and Chile (see Graph 3).

It is worth pointing out that panel doors are differentiated by their use, type of
construction and properties, among other aspects. However, in general, all of them
have to be manufactured from wood with humidity content between 8% and 12%.
Doors manufactured in our country are generally used as exterior doors (one or two
leafs), interior doors and security doors.


         Graph 4: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Panel Doors 2008
                               (CNP 4418200000)

                   Others 3%
                  Panama 2%
                     Chile 2%




         United States 34%




                                                                                             WoodEn & PaPERS ManUFactURES
                 Mexico 59%

                                                              Based on % US$ FOB
         Source: Peruvian Custom         Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




       Graph 5: Peruvian Panel Doors Export Growth to the World 2003-2008
                                (CNP 4418200000)



                                                                                             57




                                                                    In Thousand US$ FOB
       Source: Peruvian Custom                 Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
                          4.3. WOODEN FLOORS / PARQUET
                            Name of the product
                            Decking

                            Custom Number Peru (CNP)
                            Other types of wood profiled lengthwise other than conifers (CNP 4409209000, for
                            export statistics see page 2)

                            Geographic Distribution
                            The	main	wooden	floor	production	in	Peru	comes	from	the	following	cities:
                            •	Lima
                            •	Pucallpa


                                             Table 4: Main Characteristics of the Raw Material
58
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                            Offer
                            The main types of wood used to manufacture wooden panels and parquet:
                                      A
                            •	Tahuari	 D,	S4S,	E4E
                            •	Palo	Sangre	(Bloodwood)	AD,	S4S,	E4E
                            •	Styrax	AD,	S4S,	E4E	
                            •	Quinilla	(Bulletwood)	KD,	S4S,	E4E,	with	anti-skid	surface	
                            •	Shihuahuaco	(Cumaru)	KD,	S4S,	E4E,	with	anti-skid	surface

                            The most common wood door measurements for decking in the United States are:
                            •	Measurements	in	inches
                            - 3/4 “ x 3 3/4”
                            - 1 x 6 3/4” x 5 3/4”
                            - 2 x 4 1 1/2” x 3 1/2”
                            - 2 x 6 1 1/2” x 5 1/2”
                            - 2 x 8 1 1/2” x 7 1/4”
                            - 2 x 10 1 1/2” x 9 1/4”
                            - 2 x 12 1 1/2” x 11 1/4”
                            - 4 x 4 3 1/2” x 3 1/2”
                            - 6 x 6 5 1/2” x 5 1/2”
                            Likewise, they can be adapted to European measurements.

                            Use
                            Decking	is	a	kind	of	exterior	wooden	floor	preferred	by	architects	and	builders	to	
                            expand gardens and to place around swimming pools. Its high quality and low main-
                            tenance cost have turned it into an essential component in houses in Europe and in
                            the United States.
               Graph 6: Principal Peruvian Export Destinations for Deckings 2008
                                      (CNP 4409209000)

                                Sweden 35%



                                 Others 21%



                                     Italy 4%

                               Guatemala 5%



                                   China 16%




                           United States 19%

                                                                     Based on % US$ FOB
                    Source: Peruvian Custom     Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




                                                                                                    WoodEn & PaPERS ManUFactURES
               Graph 7: Peruvian Deckings Export Growth to the World 2003-2008
                                      (CNP 4409209000)
US$ Millions




                                                                                                    59
                                                                           In Thousand US$ FOB
               Source: Peruvian Custom                Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland


  Final Comments
  The deckings market had a boost between 2003 and 2008 (see Graph 6). However, the
  exported amounts are still in the range of one million US$ a year, with the participation
  of some 25 companies during the last five years. An important demand is foreseen
  for the deckings market and at present, the problem seems to be related more to the
  supply than to the demand. What the market is looking for regarding this product are
  hardwoods, AD and KD, in consistent dark red colors, highly resistant to the attack of
  destructive biological agents such as fungi and insects, preferably knot-free, that do
  not require preserving chemical treatment and with good dimensional stability.
TEXTILE AND GARMENTS
                       PERUvian PRodUctS gUidE
                          5.   TEXTILE AND GARMENTS
                          5.1. OVERVIEW
                               During the last five years, the exports of the Peruvian textile and clothing sector
                               registered an average annual growth of 16.7% reaching a FOB value of US$ 2,025
                               million 2008 (6,5% of the total exports). Such growth is explained due to a highly
                               integrated industry recognized by its “full package” service, the quality of the raw
                               materials, excellent manufacturing and finishing, quick answer, as well as by the
                               fulfillment of rigorous practical and social responsibility standards.


                                            Graph 1: Exports in the Textile and Clothing Sector 1997-2008
62
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                               In 2008, 674 tariff items were exported of which 161 registered a FOB value of more
                               than US$ 1million (see Table 1). Cotton t-shirts sales abroad registered an increase
                               of 3.5% due to greater Venezuela purchases (15.2%). The United States, with a slight
                               decrease, (-2.7%) were the main destination of cotton shirts, followed by Venezuela.
     Table 1: Exports in the Textile and Clothing Sector per Product 2003-2008




                                                                                         tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
During 2008, exports of the textile-manufacture sector headed towards 111 countries,
two more than the ones registered in the year before. Main destinations were: the
United States 39% of participation), Venezuela (32%), Colombia (3%), Italy (2%) and
Chile (2%). Increasing of exports towards Dominican Republic (251% - women’s
t-shirts), Argentina (144% - t-shirts with knitted cotton neck for men) and Venezuela
(59% - adults’ knitted t-shirts), stand out.

      Table 2: Destination countries of Textile and Clothing Sector 2003-2008




                                                                                         63




                                                                    In Million US$ FOB
                          During the last five years, an average of 200 exporters incorporated per year was
                          registered, reaching 2,158 companies 2008, 169 more than the registered the previous
                          year. 216 companies exported for a value of more than US$ 1million.


                                Graph 2: Number of Textile - Manufacture Sector Entreprises 1997-2008
64
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                          Textile and Apparel Industry

                          The textile industry in Peru has its legacy in ancient pre-Columbian cultures. This
                          tradition	is	based	on	the	work	of	luxury	fibers	as	Pima	and	Tanguis	cotton,	vicuña	
                          and alpaca that together with a state-of-the-art integrated industry renowned by its
                          product quality, design, short delivery lead times, competitive prices among other
                          advantages, has allowed Peru to have a unique offer.

                          Peruvian Cotton

                          For over 4,500 years, cotton was the Inca’s main material, naturally dyed with insects
                          and plants, and then skillfully knit using techniques that were way ahead of their time.
                          The Spanish, amazed by the methods used to cultivate cotton, the variety of its natural
                          shades, the skill applied in its processing, and the delicacy of the resulting products,
                          introduced new customs and techniques from the European world, enriching the long
                          Inca’s tradition.

                          Among the four grown species of cotton (its scientific name is “Gossypium”): G.
                          Barbadense, G. Hirsutum, G. Arboreum, and G. Herbaceum, the Gossypium Barbadense
                          corresponds to South America and the Hirsutum was developed in Central America.
                          The distribution of these species agreed with the zones where the old Inca and Maya
                          civilizations were developed.

                          The varieties Pima and Tanguis came from the species Gossypium Barbadense,
                          whose genetic origin occurred in Peru and have allowed the development of other
                          prestigious varieties of cotton in the world. Peruvian Pima cotton has an extra long
                          staple which is the result of the climate and fertile soil of the northern coast of Peru.
                          Tanguis cotton, named for the Peruvian farmer who developed it over a hundred years
                          ago, is grown in the central and along the southern coast of Peru. Its uniform length
                          produces a yarn of great regularity, regarded for its carding and combing qualities,
                          as well as its light weight.
Both varieties are easy to blend with other fibers -either natural or synthetic-
including alpaca, silk, angora, Tencel and Modal, as well as they are easy to dye,
unlike other cotton species that needs additional processes to remove the impurities
and irregularities.

At the moment, thanks to the efforts led by the Peruvian Institute of Cotton (IPA),
with the support of INIEA, INCAGRO, CIRAD of France and the University of Arizona
(USA), new varieties of cotton are being developed and adapted to be bred in Peru,
like the American Pima. The Peruvian variety Tanguis has also been improved and so
obtained the “Improved Tanguis” cotton. This new variety will increase its refinement
and resistance, so the spinning potential of the fiber will improve too.

The Peruvian textile and apparel companies are recognized by the quality of their
products, with spinning titles up to 120 with Pima variety. These very fine titles are
obtained from the long and extra long staples.

The Peruvian textiles and apparel of cotton are more and more being appreciated in
the world, for that reason companies like Lacoste, Armani, Liz Claiborne, Nautica, Ike
Behar, Polo Ralph Lauren, Tommy Hilfiger among others develop their production in
Peru.

Benefits of Peruvian cotton:
•	It	resists	the	weather	changes.
•	The	varieties	Peruvian	Pima	and	Tanguis	are	less	affected	by	changes	of	light.
•	The	cotton	is	carefully	hand	picked,	to	separate	out	only	the	best	fibers	without	
  doing damage to them.




                                                                                          tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
•	Tanguis	and	Peruvian	Pima	cotton	are	white	and	shiny,	and	the	resulting	yarn	is	
  very bright, soft, and extraordinarily strong.
•	In	Peru,	the	ginning	process	is	mechanical,	protecting	the	length	and	quality	of	the	
  fiber.
•	Tanguis	and	Peruvian	Pima	cotton	have	high	degree	of	dye	absorption.
•	In	Peru	the	titles	of	extra	long	cotton	fibers	are	developed	from	80:1	up	to	120:1.

For more information: www.ipaperu.org

Alpaca and Other Fine Animal Hair

The	alpaca	and	vicuña	are	camelids	which	have	a	North	American	origin.	After	they	        65
had migrated to Asia and Africa they arrived at the South American continent two
million	years	ago	in	the	species	alpaca,	vicuña,	guanaco	and	llama.	The	alpacas	were	
domesticated six thousand years ago, and was the Inca Civilization who developed a
superior fiber production.

From those years to now, the alpaca industry has been evolving. Fifty years ago, Peru
only exported fiber, twenty years later Peru exported semi processed fiber and yarns.
Nowadays, Peru supplies apparel, weaves, yarns and selected fiber to the world.

These animals live in a zone called Puna, over 4,500 meters above sea level,
supporting	extreme	climate	fluctuations	(-20ºC	/	-	4ºF	during	the	night,	and	18ºC	/	
64º	F	by	the	day),	the	intense	solar	radiations	and	the	frozen	winds.	With	the	course	
of the time the skin of the alpaca has developed a fine and thin hair which is water
                          resistant and also resists the solar radiation. The alpaca fiber is tubular, which gives
                          an advantage to the production of warmer and lighter garments.

                          More than 80% of alpaca fiber production is concentrated in Peru with two varieties,
                          Suri	and	Huacaya.	Suri	is	almost	exclusive	of	Peru;	its	fiber	is	long,	shiny,	smooth,	
                          silky and resistant. However, Huacaya represents 90% of the population of alpacas in
                          Peru. The alpaca is the only animal that offers a great variety of natural colors, thus
                          attractive and elegant garments can be developed. It also has an excellent affinity to
                          the dyeing, increasing the variety of available tones.

                          The	vicuña	is	a	wild	animal	that	produces	between	200	and	250	grams	of	fiber	per	
                          year. In addition, they can only have one off-spring per year, placing this animal as
                          a	world	wide	treasure.	In	1963,	Peru	had	five	thousand	animals;	in	2004	more	than	
                          120	thousands	exist,	living	in	natural	reserves.	The	amount	of	vicuñas	has	recovered	
                          thanks to the efforts of the local communities, private companies, and the support
66




                          of the government and the CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered
                          Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). Some traditional factors have also supported the
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                          conservation of the species. The Chaco is a ceremony from the Inca’s era that consists
                          in gathering the animals in the wild to verify their health state and then shear them.

                          Since	 the	 beginning	 of	 this	 new	 century,	 the	 alpaca	 and	 vicuña	 apparel	 have	
                          accentuated their position in an important niche of market, which is in constant
                          growth. This happened because the consumers appreciate a comfortable garment,
                          made of natural fibers with smooth luster.

                          The Peruvian exporting companies are in the capacity to interpret and to adapt the
                          different customer’s needs. Peruvian garments of fine animal hairs are commercialized
                          in the United States, England, Japan, France, among other countries, distributed by
                          prestigious worldwide brands.

                          The interest in the alpaca apparel and textiles has grown in the last years, because
                          its fiber has the following attributes:

                          •	Its	 thermal	 properties.	 Alpaca	 is	 more	 than	 five	 times	 warmer	 than	 the	 sheep	
                            wool.
                          •	Its	fiber	is	three	or	four	times	longer	and	is	more	resistant	than	wool.
                          •	It	has	a	great	resistance	to	flammability.
                          •	The	fiber	returns	to	its	original	position	after	an	alteration	in	the	direction	of	the	
                            hair.
                          •	It	comes	17	natural	colors.
                          •	Little	tendency	to	wrinkle	or	folding	marks
                          •	Elevated	brightness,	thanks	to	its	natural	luster.
                          •	It	allows	developing	comfortable	apparel	with	a	sensation	of	smoothness.




                          For more information:
                          - The Peruvian Alpaca and Camelid Institute: www.ipacperu.org
                          - International Alpaca Association: www.aia.org.pe
67   tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
                          5.2. FEMALE COTTON PANTS
                              Description
                              Plain weave cotton pants for women and girls

                              Commercial Name
                              Jeans for women and girls

                              International Tariff Item
                              HS 620462

                              Specifications
                              Lower garment for women and girls in plain weave cotton of different wefts

                              Technical Characteristics
68




                              Cotton (highest percentage) and its blends (characteristics vary according to the
                              client’s own specifications)
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              Functional Characteristics
                              Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                              Offer
                              Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                              Unit of Measurement
                              Sizes: S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL

                              Principal exportation markets
                              Venezuela, the United States, Puerto Rico, Ecuador among others



                                Graph 3: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Woven Cotton Pants for Women/
                                                                Girls - 2008

                                                    Others 3%
                                                  Colombia 2%
                                                   Ecuador 4%
                                                Puerto Rico 5%




                                             United States 19%




                                                Venezuela 67%

                                                                                          Based on % US$ FOB
                                            Source: Peruvian Custom                    Elaboration: PROMPERU
               Graph 4: Peruvian Exports Growth of Woven Cotton Pants for Women/
                                  Girls to the World 2002- 2008
US$ Millions




                  Source: Peruvian Custom                     Elaboration: PROMPERU



Final Comments
Plain weave cotton pants for women and girls and especially jeans are having more
and more presence in the different international markets thanks to innovative designs
and to the use of Peruvian cotton that has unmatched strength, durability, sheen
and natural silkiness. Plain weave cotton pants for women and girls characterized
by their excellent quality and design are exported for Venezuela, the United States,
Puerto Rico, Ecuador, and others in their different forms and offer.




                                                                                        tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
                                                                                        69
                          5.3. MALE COTTON PANTS
                              Description
                              Plain weave cotton pants for men and boys

                              Commercial Name
                              Jeans for men and boys

                              International Tariff Item
                              HS 620342

                              Specifications
                              Lower garment for men and boys in plain weave cotton of different wefts

                              Technical Characteristics
70




                              Cotton (highest percentage) and its blends (characteristics vary according to the
                              client’s own specifications)
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              Functional Characteristics
                              Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                              Offer
                              Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                              Unit of Measurement
                              Sizes: S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL

                              Principal exportation markets
                              Venezuela, the United States, Puerto Rico, Ecuador, Colombia, among others.




                                    Graph 5: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Men Woven Pants - 2008


                                                  Others 9%
                                                Colombia 2%
                                                 Ecuador 3%
                                              Puerto Rico 6%




                                           United States 20%




                                              Venezuela 60%


                                                                                          Based on % US$ FOB
                                           Source: Peruvian Custom                     Elaboration: PROMPERU
      Graph 6: Peruvian Exports Growth of Men Woven Pants to the World 2002-2008
US$ Millions




               Source: Peruvian Custom                    Elaboration: PROMPERU


Final Comments
Plain weave pants for men and boys (Jeans) are having more and more demand
abroad thanks to innovative designs and to the use of Peruvian cotton as raw
material, which is acknowledged in the international ambit for its even spinning,
sheen and softness. Plain weave pants for men and boys that stand out for their




                                                                                    tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
excellent quality and design are exported to Venezuela, the United States, Puerto
Rico, Ecuador, Colombia among others in their different forms and offer.




                                                                                    71
                          5.4. KNITTED COTTON PANTS
                              Description
                              Knitted cotton pants for men and boys

                              Commercial Name
                              Sports pants for men and boys

                              International Tariff Item
                              HS 610342

                              Specifications
                              Lower garment for men and boys in knitted cotton of different wefts

                              Technical Characteristics
                              Cotton (highest percentage) and its blends (characteristics vary according to the
72




                              client’s own specifications)
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              Functional Characteristics
                              Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                              Offer
                              Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                              Unit of Measurement
                              Sizes: S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL

                              Principal exportation markets
                              Venezuela, the United States, Colombia, Chile, Mexico among others.


                                              Graph 7: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Men/
                                                       Boys Knitted Cotton Pants - 2008

                                                  Me xico 1%
                                                    Chile 1%
                                                Colomb ia 1%
                                          United States 19%




                                             Ve ne zuela 73%




                                                   Othe rs 5%
                                                                                            Based on % US$ FOB
                                       Source: Peruvian Custom                           Elaboration: PROMPERU
                     Graph 8: Peruvian Exports Growth of Men/ Boys Knitted Cotton Pants
                                          to the World 2002-2008
 (Million Dollars)




                                                     Years
                        Source: Peruvian Custom                     Elaboration: PROMPERU




Final Comments
Knitted cotton sports pants are also an important product for the Textile – Clothing
Manufacturing Sector. It also stands out because of the use of Peruvian Pima cotton




                                                                                            tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
as raw material, which is acknowledged in the international ambit for its even
spinning, sheen and softness. Knitted cotton sports pants that stand out for their
excellent quality and design are exported for Venezuela, followed by the United
States, Colombia, Chile, Mexico among others in its different forms and offer.




                                                                                            73
                          5.5. COTTON CARDIGAN
                              Description
                              Knitted cotton open sweater for women, men and children

                              Commercial Name
                              Cardigan

                              International Tariff Item
                              HS 611020

                              Specifications
                              Upper long sleeve garment with zipper or buttons for women, men and children in
                              knitted cotton in different wefts

                              Technical Characteristics
74




                              Cotton (highest percentage) and its blends (characteristics vary according to the
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              client’s own specifications)

                              Functional Characteristics
                              Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                              Offer
                              Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                              Unit of Measurement
                              Sizes S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL

                              Principal exportation markets
                              The United States, Venezuela, France, Germany, Chile, among others.



                                 Graph 9: Main Peruvian Export Destinations of Knitted Cotton Sweaters - 2008

                                                  Othe rs 13%
                                                     Chile 2%
                                                 Germ any 3%
                                                   France 3%
                                              Ve ne zuela 28%




                                           United States 51%



                                                                                            Based on % US$ FOB
                                       Source: Peruvian Custom                           Elaboration: PROMPERU
                    Graph 10: Peruvian Exports Growth of Knitted Cotton Sweaters
                                      to the World 2002-2008
(Million Dollars)




                                                   Years
                       Source: Peruvian Custom                    Elaboration: PROMPERU



   Final Comments
   Cotton cardigans are also considered as an important product line in the Textile – Clo-
   thing Manufacturing Sector thanks to the use of Peruvian cotton, one of the longest




                                                                                             tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
   fibers in the world that has strength, durability, and unmatched natural sheen and
   silkiness. Cotton cardigans, which are characterized by their excellent quality and
   design, are exported to the United States followed by Venezuela, France, Germany,
   Chile among others in its different forms and offer.




                                                                                             75
                          5.6. ALPACA COATS
                              Description
                              Plain weave coats in fine hair for women and girls

                              Commercial Name
                              Coat

                              International Tariff Item
                              HS 620211

                              Specifications
                              Long sleeve upper garment for women and girls in plain weave fine hair (alpaca) in
                              different wefts

                              Technical Characteristics
76




                              Fine hair (alpaca) and its blends (characteristics vary according to the client’s own
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              specifications)

                              Functional Characteristics
                              Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                              Offer
                              Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                              Unit of Measurement
                              Sizes S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL

                              Principal exportation markets
                              The United States, Spain, Germany, the United Kingdom, Australia, etc.



                                         Graph 11: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Woven Coats
                                                       in Fine Hair for Women - 2008


                                                    Others 16%


                                                     Canada 4%

                                                   Australia 4%

                                                       Chile 5%


                                                     Spain 12%


                                             United States 59%



                                                                                           Based on % US$ FOB
                                      Source: Peruvian Custom                           Elaboration: PROMPERU
            Graph 12: Peruvian Exports Growth of Woven Coats in Fine Hair for Women to the
                                          World 2002-2008
(Million Dollars)




                                                    Years
                        Source: Peruvian Custom                    Elaboration: PROMPERU


   Final Comments
   Alpaca coats are creating great interest internationally mainly thanks to the use of
   alpaca fiber, a luxurious natural fiber, with great elasticity, resistance, high thermal




                                                                                              tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
   capability and yet so soft, silky with unique sensuality and elegance. That is why it
   is considered as an invaluable treasure present in the international fashion world.
   Alpaca coats, which are characterized by their excellent quality and designs, are
   mainly intended for the United States, followed by Spain, Chile, Australia, Canada
   among others.




                                                                                              77
                          5.7. SHAWLS AND SCARVES
                              Description
                              Knitted cotton, wool, and fine hair for women, men and children

                              Commercial Name
                              Scarves

                              International Tariff Item
                              HS 611710

                              Specifications
                              Accessory for women, men and children in knitted cotton and its blends, wool or fine
                              hair and their blends in different types of wefts
78




                              Technical Characteristics
                              Cotton, wool or fine hair (highest percentage) and its blends (characteristics vary
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              according to the client’s own specifications)

                              Functional Characteristics
                              Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                              Offer
                              Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                              Unit of Measurement
                              Sizes S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL

                              Principal exportation markets
                              The United States, France, Mexico, Japan, Germany, etc.

                                Graph 13: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Shawls, Scarves, Veils and the
                                          Like, of Textile Materials, Knitted at a Glance during 2008

                                         United States 27%




                                                Others 28%




                                               Germany 8%

                                                  Japan 9%

                                               Mexico 13%
                                                France 15%

                                                                                           Based on % US$ FOB
                                      Source: Peruvian Custom                           Elaboration: PROMPERU
                    Graph 14: Peruvian Exports Growth of Shawls, scarves, veils and
                                   the like to the World 2002-2008
(Million Dollars)




                                                    Years
                        Source: Peruvian Custom                     Elaboration: PROMPERU



   Final Comments
   Cotton and fine alpaca hair shawls and scarves have registered an interesting
   increase in exports in the past few years, thanks to innovative designs and the use




                                                                                             tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
   of the alpaca fiber, a luxurious natural fiber with great elasticity, resistance, high
   thermal capability and yet so soft. That is why it is considered as an invaluable
   treasure present in the international fashion world. Shawls and scarves, which are
   characterized by their excellent quality and design, are exported to the United States,
   France, Mexico, Japan, Germany, and Others.




                                                                                             79
                          5.8. FINE HAIR SWEATER
                              Description
                              Knitted fine hair sweater for women, men and children

                              Commercial Name
                              Sweater

                              International Tariff Item
                              HS 611019

                              Specifications
                              Long sleeve upper garment for women, men and children in knitted fine hair (alpaca,
                              vicuna) in different wefts

                              Technical Characteristics
80




                              Fine hair (alpaca, vicuna) and its blends (characteristics vary according to the client’s
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              own specifications)

                              Functional Characteristics
                              Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                              Offer
                              Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                              Unit of Measurement
                              Sizes S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL

                              Principal export markets
                              The United States, Germany, France, The United Kingdom, Japan and others.


                               Graph 15: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for fine hair knitted sweaters - 2008


                                         United States 34%


                                               Others 22%




                                                 Japan 8%


                                        United Kingdom 9%

                                               France 10%

                                             Germany 17%

                                                                                              Based on % US$ FOB
                                      Source: Peruvian Custom                              Elaboration: PROMPERU
                    Graph 16: Peruvian Exports Growth of Fine Hair Knitted Sweaters to the World
                                                   2002-2008
(Million Dollars)




                                                           Years
                               Source: Peruvian Custom                    Elaboration: PROMPERU




   Final Comments
   Fine hair sweaters are generating more and more interest in different countries of




                                                                                                   tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
   the world thanks mainly to the use of lightweight alpaca fiber with high thermal
   effectiveness, which turns it into a coveted resource for the textile industry and an
   additional motivation for creativity and good design. Fine hair sweaters are mainly
   intended for the United States, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Japan and
   others.




                                                                                                   81
                          5.9. COTTON SHIRT
                              Description
                              Plain weave cotton shirts for men and boys

                              Commercial Name
                              Knitted Cotton Shirt

                              International Tariff Item
                              HS 620520

                              Specifications
                              Long or short sleeve upper garment for men and boys in knitted cotton of different
                              wefts
82




                              Technical Characteristics
                              Cotton (highest percentage) and its blends (characteristics vary according to the
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              client’s own specifications)

                              Functional Characteristics
                              Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                              Offer
                              Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                              Unit of Measurement
                              Sizes S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL

                              Principal export markets
                              The United States, Venezuela, the United Kingdom, Ecuador, among others.


                                  Graph 17: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Woven Cotton Shirt - 2008


                                              United States 37%
                                                      Others 8%
                                                   Argentina 2%
                                                    Ecuador 3%



                                            United Kingdom 18%




                                                Venezuela 32%



                                                                                            Based on % US$ FOB
                                      Source: Peruvian Custom                            Elaboration: PROMPERU
       Graph 18: Peruvian Export Growth of Woven Cotton Shirts to the World 2002-2008
(Million Dollars)




                                               Years
                    Source: Peruvian Custom                     Elaboration: PROMPERU


   Final Comments
   In the last few years, cotton shirts have shown a significant increase in exports in
   the sector thanks to the use of Peruvian cotton, one of the longest fibers in the world
   that has unmatchable strength, durability, natural sheen and silkiness. Cotton shirts




                                                                                             tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
   known for their excellent quality and design are mostly intended for the United States
   followed by Venezuela, the United Kingdom, Ecuador, Argentina among others in their
   different forms and offer.




                                                                                             83
                          5.10. POLO SHIRT
                               Description
                               Knitted cotton shirts for men and boys

                               Commercial Name
                               Polo Shirt

                               International Tariff Item
                               HS 610510

                               Specifications
                               Long or short sleeve upper garment for men and boys in knitted cotton of different
                               wefts
84




                               Technical Characteristics
                               100% pique cotton with collar, with three buttons in the partial neck opening (charac-
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                               teristics vary according to the client’s own specifications)

                               Functional Characteristics
                               Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                               Offer
                               Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                               Unit of Measurement
                               Sizes S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL

                               Principal export markets
                               The United States, Venezuela, France, Germany, Spain, among others.



                                  Graph 19: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Knitted Cotton Shirts - 2008



                                                    Others 16%


                                                      Spain 2%
                                                   Germany 4%
                                                     France 4%


                                                  Venezuela 8%




                                              United States 66%


                                                                                            Based on % US$ FOB
                                       Source: Peruvian Custom                           Elaboration: PROMPERU
     Graph 20: Peruvian Exports Growth of Knitted Cotton Shirts to the World 2002-2008
(Million Dollars)




                                                Years
                    Source: Peruvian Custom                     Elaboration: PROMPERU



   Final Comments
   Knitted T-shirts with collars represent an important share in export products of the
   Textile – Clothing Manufacturing Sector, thanks to the use of Peruvian cotton, one of
   the longest fibers in the world that has unmatchable strength, durability, natural sheen




                                                                                              tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
   and silkiness and is acknowledged worldwide. Cotton t-shirts that stand out for their
   excellent quality and design are mainly intended for the United States, followed by
   Venezuela, France, Germany, Spain, among others in its different forms and offers.




                                                                                              85
                          5.11. T- SHIRT
                               Description
                               Knitted cotton T-shirts for women and men.

                               Commercial Name
                               T-shirt

                               International Tariff Item
                               HS 610910

                               Specifications
                               Long and short sleeve upper garment for women and men in knitted cotton in different
                               wefts
86




                               Technical Characteristics
                               100% cotton, round neck, V-neck (characteristics vary according to the client’s own
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                               specifications)

                               Functional Characteristics
                               Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                               Offer
                               Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                               Unit of Measurement
                               Sizes S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL

                               Principal export markets
                               The United States, Venezuela, Italy, Colombia, Canada among others.




                                 Graph 21: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Knitted Cotton T- Shirts - 2008


                                                      Others 8%
                                                     Canada 1%
                                                    Colombia 2%
                                                        Italy 2%
                                                  Venezuela 25%




                                               United States 62%


                                                                                             Based on % US$ FOB
                                       Source: Peruvian Custom                            Elaboration: PROMPERU
                    Graph 22: Peruvian Exports Growth of Knitted Cotton T- Shirts to
                                        the World 2002-2008
(Million Dollars)




                                                     Years
                       Source: Peruvian Custom                       Elaboration: PROMPERU




   Final Comments
   Cotton t-shirts that stand out for their excellent quality and design, are exported to
   the United States followed by Venezuela, Italy, Colombia, Canada among others.




                                                                                             tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
                                                                                             87
                          5.12. BABY WEAR
                              Description
                              Babygrows, pants, sweaters, caps in knitted cotton for babies

                              Commercial Name
                              Body, pants, sweaters, caps

                              International Tariff Item
                              HS 611120

                              Specifications
                              Babygrows for babies 0 – 36 months old in knitted cotton in different wefts

                              Technical Characteristics
88




                              100% Pima cotton (characteristics vary according to the client’s own specifications).
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              Functional Characteristics
                              Does not fade, solid colors, two-dimensional stability

                              Offer
                              Packed in plastic bags inside corrugated cardboard boxes

                              Unit of Measurement
                              Sizes 0 – 36 months

                              Principal export markets
                              The United States, Venezuela, Chile, Spain, Mexico among others.




                              Graph 23: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Babygrows, Pants, Sweaters, Caps
                                                     in Knitted Cotton for Babies - 2008


                                                     Others 11%
                                                       Spain 3%
                                                    Germany 5%

                                                      France 5%




                                                 Venezuela 21%



                                               United States 55%


                                                                                           Based on % US$ FOB
                                      Source: Peruvian Custom                           Elaboration: PROMPERU
                    Graph 24: Peruvian Exports Growth of Cotton Knitted Babywear to
                                         the World 2002-2008
(Million Dollars)




                                                    Years
                         Source: Peruvian Custom                   Elaboration: PROMPERU




   Final Comments
   Cotton baby wear, which stand out for their excellent quality and design, are mostly
   intended for the United States, followed by Venezuela, Chile, Spain, Mexico among




                                                                                           tEXtiLE and gaRMEntS
   others different offers.




                                                                                           89
OTHERS
                          6.   OTHERS
                          6.1. CAUSTIC SODA
                               Product Name
                               English:	Sodium	hydroxide;	lye,	caustic	soda	and	sodium	hydrate

                               Technical Name
                               Sodium hydroxide

                               International Tariff Items
                               •	Sodium	Hydroxide	(caustic	soda)	(HS	2815)
                               •	Solid	(HS	281511)
                               •	In	aqueous	solution	(soda	lye	or	liquid	soda)	(HS	281512)

                               Geographic Distribution
                               Currently Huacho and Otuma are major sources of raw material deposits
92




                               in the country
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                               Chemical Composition and Properties




                               Liquid caustic soda is a tacky colorless and highly hygroscopic solution that rapidly
                               absorbs moisture from the air. It is a strong base used as a chemical agent that
                               violently attacks metals such as zinc, aluminum, copper and lead, and alloys such
                               as bronze and brass. It reacts violently with acids and with certain compounds such
                               as acrylonitrile, acrolein and maleic anhydride. It reacts with chloroethylene to form
                               explosive compounds such as dichloroacetylene. The melting point is at 328° C (533°
                               F) and the boiling point at1390° C (2444° F). It is a highly hygroscopic and very
                               deliquescent product, which quickly absorbs carbon dioxide and water from the air.
Packaging Characteristics
Caustic soda is available commercially in various solid forms (rectangular sheets,
ground	and/or	granulated	and	in	flakes)	and	in	liquid	form	(water	solutions).

Use
•	Pulp	and	paper
•	 Hard	 metallic	 soaps	 (used	 as	 thickening	 agents	 in	 conventional	 lubricating	
  greases)
•	Cellulose	 surfactants,	 cellulose	 sheets	 and	 films,	 cellophane	 rayon,	 sodium	
  hypochlorite,	preparation	of	anionic	bituminous	emulsions	and	coal	tar;	sulfates,	
  sulfites and phosphates for industrial applications (chemical industry)
•	 Oil	 refinement,	 as	 well	 as	 zinc	 and	 aluminum	 production	 (metallurgy	 and	
  petroleum)
•	 Water	 treatment	 (pH	 control	 of	 waste,	 industrial	 and	 drinking	 waters;	 and	 ion	
  exchange resin regeneration)
•	Metal	surfaces	conditioning,	industrial	paint	stripping	and	degreasing;	production	      	
  of	disinfectant	and	cleaning	solutions;	mercerization	of	natural	fibers;	tin	deposition;	
  electroplating;	photogravure;	production	of	explosives	among	others.

        Table 1: Listing of Export Destination Countries of Peruvian Causstic
                   Soda 2002-2008 (2815110000 - 2815120000)




                                                                                               otHERS
                                                                                               93


                                                                      In Thousand US$ FOB
                                 Source: Aduanas                    Elaboration: PROMPERU
                          Graph 1: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Caustic Soda 2008


                                 Chile 39%

                                  Otros 1%

                               Ecuador 9%



                                Brasil 18%
94




                             Colombia 33%
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                                                                               Based on % US$ FOB
                           Source: Peruvian Custom        Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
6.2. JEWELRY AND COSTUME JEWELRY
   Product Name
   English: Costume Jewelry, Jewelry, Gold Jewelry, Silver Jewelry.

   International Tariff Items
   •	Articles	of	jewelry	and	parts	thereof,	of	precious	metals	or	of	metal	clad	
     with precious metal (7113)
   •	Articles	of	jewelry	and	parts	thereof,	of	silver,	whether	or	not	plated	or	clad	
     with other precious metal (HS 711311)
   •	Articles	of	jewelry	and	parts	thereof,	of	precious	metal	other	than	silver,	
     whether or not plated or clad with precious metal (HS 711319)
   •	 Articles	 of	 jewelry	 and	 parts	 thereof,	 of	 base	 metal	 clad	 with	 precious	
     metal
     (HS 711320)
   •	Imitation	Jewelry	(7117)
   •	Cuff	links	and	studs,	of	base	metal,	whether	or	not	clad	with	silver,	gold	or	
     platinum (HS 711711)
   •	Other	imitation	jewelry,	of	base	metal,	whether	or	not	clad	with	silver,	gold	
     or platinum (excl. cuff links and studs) (HS 711719)
   •	Other	Imitation	jewelry	(excl.	jewelry	of	base	metal,	whether	or	not	clad	
     with silver, gold or platinum) (HS 711790)

   Description




                                                                                            otHERS
   Accessories, crafted artistically using beads, precious stones, metals

   Products Offered
   Jewelry and costume jewelry, such as earrings, necklaces, bracelets, rings,


                                                                                            95
   among others.

   National Production Areas
   •	 Jewelry:	 handcrafted	 line	 of	 jewelry	 from,	 Cusco,	 Arequipa,	 Huancayo,	
     Piura, Cajamarca and Lima
   •	Costume	 Jewelry:	 handcrafted	 line	 of	 costume	 jewelry	 from	 Ancash,	
     Cajamarca, Cusco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Loreto, Pasco and
     Ucayali.

   Leading Competing Countries
   •	Gold	Jewerly	:	Italia,	India,	United	etates,	Switzerland
   •	Silver	jewelry:	Thailand,	China,	Italia;	Taiwan,	Philippines	and	Bolivia
   •	Costume	Jewelry:	China,	Taiwan,	Hong	Kong,	Germany,	Austria	and	Brazil
   •	Silver	Engraving:	Italia,	Switzerland,	the	United	Kingdom;	Russia,	Thailand	
     and Hong Kong.
   •	 Manufacture	 of	 Precious	 Stones:	 China,	 Ireland,	 Mexico,	 South	 Africa,	
     Philippines and Canada
                          Table 2: Listing of Peruvian Export Destination Countries for Costume Jewelry 2002-
                                                                   2008




                            * Includes tariffs 711711, 711719 and 711790                                          In US$ FOB
                            Source: Peruvian Custom                               Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
96
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                                 Graph 2: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Costume Jewelry 2008
                                           Ecuador 30%
                                              Others 4%
                                              Turkey 1%
                                          Costa Rica 1%
                                               Spain 2%
                                       United States 4%
                                             Mexico 4%

                                          Venezuela 8%


                                               Chile 8%



                                         Colombia 18%


                                            Bolivia 20%
                                                                                                Based on % US$ FOB
                                    Source: Peruvian Custom                Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland
Table 3: Listing of Peruvian Export Products in the Articles of Jewelry sector
                                 2002-2008




* Includes tariffs: 711311, 711319 and 711320                                        In US$ FOB
Source: Peruvian Custom                              Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland



  Graph 3: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Articles of Jewelry 2008


                    Others 4%
                    Bolivia 2%
                      Italy 2%




                                                                                                   otHERS
            United States 92%


                                                                     Based on % US$ FOB
     Source: Peruvian Custom                    Elaboration: Embassy of Peru in Switzerland




                                                                                                   97
                          6.3. SOFTWARE

                                                Graph 1: IT Market in Peru 2007-2008 (millions of US$)

                                         1400
                                         1200
                                         1000
                                          800
                                          600
                                          400
                                          200
                                            0
                                                       Hardware           Software            Services
98




                                                 Source: APESOFT                       2007     2008
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                              The IT market in Peru has an important development from 2007 to 2008 especially
                              the hardware sector with a growth of 40.7 % and a total sales volume in 2008 of US$
                              1,670 million.

                              National Software Production
                              The Peruvian software industry showed great dynamism during the period 2003-
                              2007 with an annual average growth of 9.8% in total sales. The sales volume in 2008
                              reached a total of US$ 161 million.


                                      Graph 5: Evolution of Peruvian Sales in the Software Industry 2003-2008




                                                 Source: APESOFT



                              Peruvian software industry

                              •	   Industry	with	16	years	of	existence
                              •	   300	formal	companies
                              •	   30,000	system	programmers	approximately	
                              •	   Generation	of	3,000	direct	high	technical	jobs	
                              •	   Generation	of	9,000	indirect	job	
Type of products and services offered

The Peruvian software industry is mainly based on the development of one of the
largest software application areas: processing of commercial information that covers
generic administrative accounting systems up to integrated management systems
(ERPs) specialized by vertical sectors such as: banking, mining, textile sector, health
sector, education sector, construction sector, etc.

Overview of software exportations

Exportations of software and information technology services from Peru have strongly
risen since the beginning of this decade with the support of governmental institutions
such as PROMPERU with the establishment of the program CREA Software Peru
and the implementation of the quality management program. The Peruvian software
export in 2008 reached a total of $ 16.36 millions,

         Graph 6: Evolutions Sales Export of Peruvian Software 2003-2008




                                                                                          otHERS
          Source: Peruvian Companys - APESOFT



                                                                                          99
                                       Graph 6: Main Export Countries of Peruvian Software 2007

                                                    Otros 1%
                                            Centroamerica 2%
                                                 Mercosur 3%

                                                  Europa 14%




                                       Comunidad Andina 27%



                                            United States 53%
100




                                   Source: Peruvian Companys - APESOFT
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                          The software companies grouped in APESOFT are working on a cooperation program
                          with support from the IADB and the Lima Chamber of Commerce to support the
                          creation of highly competitive software companies, with international quality
                          systems incorporated into their processes, with personnel trained in cutting edge
                          technologies and quality products duly tested in test labs according to the CMMI
                          model (Capability Integration Model). Available figures indicate that by 2006 software
                          and service exports will have reached US$ 23 million, taking into account all the
                          local developments and the country’s commercial opening process, a dynamic
                          development of the sector is foreseen that will result in annual growth rates of 30%
                          in sales abroad.
101   otHERS
APPENDIX
                               APPENDIX
                               List of Contacts

                          1.   GENERAL
                               Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism - MINCETUR
                               Address:	Calle	Uno	Oeste	Nº	050	Urb.	Córpac,	San	Isidro,	Lima	
                               Phone: (00511) 513 6100
                               Mail: webmaster@mincetur.gob.pe
                               Homepage: http://www.mincetur.gob.pe

                               Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board - PROMPERU
                               Address: Av. República de Panamá N° 3647, San Isidro, Lima
                               Phone: (00511) 222 1222, (00511) 221 0880
                               Fax: (00511) 421 4650, (00511) 222 5875
104




                               E-mail: postmaster@promperu.gob.pe
                               Homepage: www.promperu.gob.pe/
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                               Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Perú - MRREE
                               Address:	Jr.	Lampa	Nº	545	-	Piso	10,	Cercado,	Lima
                               Phone: (00511) 204 3369, (00511) 204 3377
                               Homepage: www.rree.gob.pe

                               Embassy of the Republic of Peru in the Swiss Confederation
                               Address: Thunstrasse N° 36, 3005, Berna
                                Phone: (41-31) 351 8555, 351 8550
                                Fax: (41-31) 351 8570
                                E-mail: lepruberna02@bluewin.ch
                                Homepage: www.embajadaperu.ch

                               Lima Chamber of Commerce - CCL
                               External Commerce Committee
                               Address: Av. Giuseppe Garibaldi N° 396, Jesús María, Lima
                               Phone: (00511) 463 3434
                               Fax: (00511) 219 1674, (00511) 464 7777

                               Swiss Chamber of Commerce in Peru
                               Address: Av. Salavery 3240, San Isidro, Lima
                               Phone: (00511) 264 3516
                               Homepage: www.swisschamperu.org

                               Latin American Chamber of Commerce Switzerland
                               Address: CH - 8001 Zürich, Schweiz
                               Phone: (0041) (44) 272 0852
                               Fax: (0041) (44) 271 5055
                               Homepage: www.latcam.ch

                               Peru’s Foreign Trade Society - COMEX
                               Address:	Bartolomé	Herrera	254,	Miraflores,	Lima
                               Phone: (511) 422 5784
                               Fax: (511) 422 5942
                               Homepage: www.comexperu.org.pe
     National Society of Industry - SNI
     Address:	Calle	Los	Laureles	Nº	365,	San	Isidro,	Lima
     Phone: (00511) 616 4467, (00511) 222 6298, (00511) 616 4444
     Fax: (00511) 616 4468, (00511) 616 4433, (00511) 441 0984

     Peruvian Exporters’ Association – ADEX
     Address:	Av.	Javier	Prado	Este	Nº	2875,	San	Borja,	Lima
     Phone: (00511) 618 3333 Ext. 3412
     Fax: (00511) 346 1879 / (00511) 618 3355
     Homepage: www.adexperu.org.pe

     Association of Peruvian Producers and Agroexporters Guilds – AGAP
     Address:	Av.		Aramburú	N°	166	–		4	A,	Miraflores,	Lima
     Phone: (00511) 422 6538
     Fax: (00511) 9817 9398
     Mail: administracion@agapperu.org
     Homepage: www.agapperu.org



2.   AGRIBUSINESS
     Peruvian Exporters’ Association – ADEX
     Management Agro
     Address:	Av.	Javier	Prado	Este	Nº	2875,	San	Borja,	Lima
     Phone: (00511) 618 3333 Ext. 3412
     Fax: (00511) 346 1879 / (00511) 618 3355
     Homepage: www.adexperu.org.pe

     Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board – PROMPERU
     Agriculture and Agroindustries Sector.
     Address: Av. República de Panamá N° 3647, San Isidro, Lima




                                                                         aPPEndiX
     Phone: (00511) 222 1222 / (00511) 221 0880
     Fax: (00511) 421 4650 / (00511) 222 5875
     Mail: agro@promperu.gob.pe
     Homepage: www.promperu.gob.pe



                                                                         105
     Association of Peruvian Producers and Agroexporters Guilds – AGAP
     Address:	Av.		Aramburú	N°	166	–		4	A,	Miraflores,	Lima
     Phone: (00511) 422 6538
     Fax: (00511) 9817 9398
     Mail: administracion@agapperu.org
     Homepage: www.agapperu.org

     National Commission of Pisco – CONAPISCO
     Address: Calle Uno Oeste N° 060 Urb. Córpac, San Isidro, Lima
     Phone: (00511) 616 2222 Ext. 2
     Fax: (00511) 616 2222 Ext. 805
     Homepage: www.conapisco.org.pe/

     Pisco Committee of ADEX
     Address: Av. Javier Prado Este N° 2875, San Borja, Lima
                          Phone: (00511) 618 3333
                          Fax: (00511) 618 3355

                          National Coffee Board – JNC
                          Address:	Ramón	Dagnino	N°	369,	2th	floor	Jesús	María,	Lima
                          Phone: (00511) 433 1477 / (00511) 433 1477
                          Fax: (511) 332 7914 – Ext. 6
                          Mail: jncperu@terra.com.pe
                          Homepage: www.juntadelcafe.org.pe

                          Peruvian Camera of Coffee and Cacao – CPC
                          Address:	Calle/Av.	Alcanfores	N°	1245,	Miraflores,	Lima
                          Phone: (00511) 445 7941 / (00511) 242 8989
                          Fax: (00511) 242 8990
                          Homepage: www.camcafeperu.com.pe/
106




                          Association of Producers of Cacao - APPCACAO
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                          Address: Calle Enrique Villar N° 103, Lince, Lima
                          Phone: (00511) 265 7106

                          Peruvian Asaragus and Vegetables Institute – IPEH
                          Address:	Av.	Aramburú	N°	166	4°,	Miraflores,	Lima
                          Telephone: (00511) 422 2323
                          Fax: (00511) 440 3338
                          Mail: secretaria@ipeh.org
                          Homepage: www.ipeh.org/

                          Peru Hass Avocado Growers Association – PRO HASS
                          Address: Av. Nicolás de Arriola 314 Of. 1101, La Victoria. Lima
                          Phone: (00511) 225 1626
                          Fax: (00511) 225 1626, (00511) 226 0010
                          Mail: prohass@terra.com.pe
                          Homepage: www.prohass.com.pe/

                          Peruvian Magoe Growers and Exporters Association - APEM
                          Address: Urb. San Eduardo A-2, Piura
                          Phone: (005173) 30 6496
                          Fax: (005173) 33 2609
                          Email: apem@speedy.com.pe
                          Homepage: www.apem.org.pe/1_4.htm

                          Peruvian Grape Producers Association - PROVID
                          Address:	Av.	Aramburú	166	4-A,	Miraflores,	Lima	
                          Phone: (00511) 422 6438
                          Fax: (00511) 422 6538
                          Mail: sandrofarfan@agapperu.org
                          Homepage: www.providperu.org

                          Peru Citrus Grower´s Association – PROCITRUS
                          Address: Av. Nicolás Arriola N° 314, Of. 903, La Victoria, Lima
                          Phone: (00511) 226 1952, (00511) 224 9026
                          Fax: (00511) 226 8278
     Mail: procitrus@procitrus.org
     Homepage: www.procitrus.org/

     Association of Ecological Maca Producers of the Province of Junín
     Address:	Jr.	San	Martin	Nº	588,	Junín
     Fax: (005164) 344060
     Email: informes@apromacae.com
     Homepage: www.apromacae.com/

3.   FISH & SHELLFISH
     National Society of Fishery - SNP
     Address: Av. Javier Prado Oeste N° 2442, San Isidro, Lima
     Phone: (00511) 261 2970
     Fax: (00511) 261 7912

     Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board - PROMPERU
     Productive Sector Fisheries and Aquaculture
     Address: Av. República de Panamá N° 3647, San Isidro, Lima
     Phone: (00511) 222 1222 / (00511) 221 0880
     Fax: (00511) 421 4650 / (00511) 222 5875
     E-mail: seafood@promperu.gob.pe
     Homepage: www.promperu.gob.pe/



4.   WOODEN & PAPERS MANUFACTURES
     Peruvian Exporters’ Association - ADEX
     Timber Industry and Timber Products
     Address:	Av.	Javier	Prado	Este	Nº	2875,	San	Borja,	Lima	
     Phone (00511) 618 3333 Ext. 3324
     Fax: (00511) 618 3355




                                                                         aPPEndiX
     Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board - PROMPERU
     Productive Sector of Wood
     Address: Av. República de Panamá N° 3647, San Isidro, Lima
     Phone: (00511) 222 1222 / (00511) 221 0880
     Fax: (00511) 421 4650 / (00511) 222 5875

                                                                         107
     E-mail: gatrujillo@promperu.gob.pe
     Homepage: www.promperu.gob.pe/



5.   TEXTILE AND GARMENTS
     National Society of Industry - SNI
     Textile Committee
     Committee of the Manufacture Industry
     Address:	Calle	Los	Laureles	Nº	365,	San	Isidro,	Lima
     Phone: (00511) 616 4467, (00511) 222 6298, (00511) 616 4444
     Fax: (00511) 616 4468, (00511) 616 4433, (00511) 441 0984

     Peruvian Exporters’ Association - ADEX
     Council Manager of Textile
     Address:	Av.	Javier	Prado	Este	Nº	2875,	San	Borja,	Lima	
     Phone: (00511) 618 3333 Ext. 3373
     Fax: (00511) 618 3355
                               Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board - PROMPERU
                               Productive Sector Textiles and Manufacturing
                               Address: Av. República de Panamá N° 3647, San Isidro, Lima
                               Phone: (00511) 222 1222 / (00511) 221 0880
                               Fax: (00511) 421 4650 / (00511) 222 5875
                               E-mail: buyer@promperu.gob.pe
                               Homepage: www.perumoda.com

                               Lima Chamber of Commerce - CCL
                               External Commerce Committee
                               Address: Av. Giuseppe Garibaldi N° 396, Jesús María, Lima
                               Phone: (00511) 463 3434
                               Fax: (00511) 219 1674, (00511) 464 7777
108




                          6.   OTHERS
                               Lima Chamber of Commerce - CCL
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                               Committee Importers and Traders Chemical Products
                               Address: Av. Giuseppe Garibaldi N° 396, Jesús María, Lima
                               Phone: (00511) 219 1822
                               Fax: (00511) 219 1823 / (00511) 242 4805

                               Peruvian Exporters’ Association - ADEX
                               Council Manager of Chemical
                               Address:	Av.	Javier	Prado	Este	Nº	2875,	San	Borja,	Lima	
                               Phone: (00511) 618 3333 Ext. 3373
                               Fax: (00511) 618 3355

                               Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board - PROMPERU
                               Address: Av. República de Panamá N° 3647, San Isidro, Lima
                               Phone: (00511) 222 1222 / (00511) 221 0880
                               Fax: (00511) 421 4650, (00511) 222 5875
                               E-mail: gatrujillo@promperu.gob.pe
                               Homepage: www.promperu.gob.pe/



                          6.2. Jewelry and Costume Jewelry
                               Peruvian Exporters’ Association - ADEX
                               Council Manager of Jewelry and Metalwork
                               Address:	Av.	Javier	Prado	Este	Nº2875,	San	Borja,	Lima	
                               Phone: (00511) 618 3333 Ext. 3373
                               Fax: (00511) 618 3355

                               Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board - PROMPERU
                               Address: Av. República de Panamá N° 3647, San Isidro, Lima
                               Phone: (00511) 222 1222 / (00511) 221 0880
                               Fax: (00511) 421 4650 / (00511) 222 5875
                               E-mail: jewelrybuyer@promperu.gob.pe
                               Homepage: www.promperu.gob.pe/

                          6.3. Software
                               Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board - PROMPERU
      Address: Av. República de Panamá N° 3647, San Isidro, Lima
      Phone: (00511) 222 1222, (00511) 221 0880
      Fax: (00511) 421 4650, (00511) 222 5875
      E-mail: dedery@promperu.gob.pe
      Homepage: www.promperu.gob.pe/

      Peruvian Association of Software Producers
      Address:	Av.	Aviación	2468	2th	floor,	San	Borja,	Lima
      Phone: (00511) 224 6380
      Fax: (00511) 224 6380
      E-mail: informes@apesoft.org
      Homepage: http://www.apesoft.org



LIST OF TABLES AND GRAPHS

AGRIBUSINESS

TABLE OF GRAPHS
Graph 1: Evaluation of Export Value in the Peruvian Agro Industrial Sector 1997 - 2008   12
Graph 2: Number of Peruvian Export Companies Listed in the Agro-industrial
          Sector 1997-2008                                                               13
Graph 3: Principal Peruvian Export Destinations for Pisco 2008 (CNP 2208202100)          15
Graph 4: Export Growth of Peruvian Pisco 2002-2008 (CNP 2208202100)                      15
Graph 5: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Coffee 2008 (HS 090111)                   16
Graph 6: Export Growth of Peruvian Coffee 2002-2008 (HS 090111)                          17
Graph 7: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Cocoa 2008 (HS 180400 and HS 180100)      18
Graph 8: Export Growth of Peruvian Cocoa 2002-2008 (HS 180400 and HS 180100)             19
Graph 9: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Asparagus in 2008
          (CNP 0710801000 and CNP 2005600000)                                            20
Graph 10: Exports Growth of Peruvian Asparagus 2002-2008




                                                                                              aPPEndiX
          (CNP 0710801000 and CNP 2005600000)                                            21
Graph 11: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Artichokes 2008 (CNP 2005901000)         22
Graph 12: Exports Growth of Peruvian Artichokes 2002-2008 (CNP 2005901000)               23
Graph 13: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Avocados 2008 (CNP 0804400000)           24



                                                                                              109
Graph 14: Exports Growth of Peruvian Avocados 2002-2008 (CNP 0804400000)                 25
Graph 15: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Mangoes 2008
          (CNP 0804502000 and CNP 2008993000)                                            26
Graph 16: Exports Growth of Peruvian Mangoes 2002-2008
          (CNP 0804502000 and CNP 2008993000)                                            27
Graph 17: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Grapes 2008 (CNP 0806100000)             28
Graph 18: Exports Growth of Peruvian Grape 2002-2008 (CNP 0806100000)                    29
Graph 19: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Organic Bananas Cavendish
          Valery Type 2008 (CNP 0803001200)                                              30
Graph 20: Export Growth of Peruvian Organic Bananas 2002-2008 (CNP 0803001200)           31
Graph 21: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Tangerines in 2008 (CNP 0805201000)      32
Graph 22: Exports Growth of Peruvian Tangerines 2002-2008 (CNP 0805201000)               33
Graph 23: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Maca 2008 (CNP 1106201000)               34
Graph 24: Exports Growth of Peruvian Maca 2002-2008                                      35
                          TABLE OF TABLES
                          Table 1: Listing of Peruvian Agro Industrial Goods exported in 2003 - 2008                     12
                          Table 2: Listing of Export Destination Countries of Peruvian Agro Industrial Goods 2003-2008   13
                          Table 3: Peruvian Harvest Seasons of Coffee                                                    17
                          Table 4: Global Harvest Seasons of Cacao                                                       19
                          Table 5: Global Harvest Seasons of Asparagus                                                   21
                          Table 6: Global Harvest Seasons of Artichoke                                                   23
                          Table 7: Global Harvest Seasons of Avocado                                                     25
                          Table 8: Global Harvest Seasons of Mango                                                       27
                          Table 9: Global Harvest Seasons of Grape Varieties                                             29
                          Table 10: Global Harvest Seasons of Tangerines                                                 33
110




                          FISH AND SHELLFISH
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                          TABLE OF GRAPHS
                          Graph 1: Evolution of Peruvian Seafood Exports 1997-2008 (Million U$ FOB)                      38
                          Graph 2: Number of Peruvian Export Companies listed in the Fish and Seafood
                                    Sector 1997-2008                                                                     39
                          Graph 3: Peruvian Shrimps Markets 2008 (based on value)                                        41
                          Graph 4: Peruvian Export of Whole Shrimps 2004-2008 (Million U$ FOB)                           42
                          Graph 5: Peruvian Shrimps Markets 2008 (based on value)                                        42
                          Graph 6: Peruvian Export of Shrimps Tails 2004-2008 (Million U$ FOB)                           43
                          Graph 7: Peruvian Canned Tuna Markets 2008 (based on value)                                    45
                          Graph 8: Peruvian Export of Canned Tuna 2004-2008 (Million U$ FOB)                             45
                          Graph 9: Peruvian Canned Sardines Markets 2008 (based on value)                                47
                          Graph 10: Peruvian Export of Canned Sardines 2004-2008 (Million U$ FOB)                        47
                          Graph 11: Peruvian Trout Markets 2008 (based on value)                                         49
                          Graph 12: Peruvian Export of Trout 2004-2008 (1,000 U$ FOB)                                    49

                          TABLE OF TABLES
                          Table 1: Peruvian Seafood Products Exported in 2007 – 2008                                     38
                          Table 2: Destination Countries of Peruvian Seafood Exports 2003-2008 (Million U$ FOB)          39
                          Table 3: Chemical and nutritional composition of white shrimp                                  40
                          Table 4: International Shrimp Sizing Guide                                                     41
                          Table 5: Chemical and Nutritional Composition of Tuna                                          44
                          Table 6: Chemical and Nutritional Composition of Peruvian Sardine                              46
                          Table 7: Availability of Peruvian Sardine                                                      46
                          Table 8: Chemical and Nutritional Composition of Rainbow Trout                                 48



                          WOODEN & PAPERS MANUFACTURES

                          TABLE OF GRAPHS
                          Graph 1: Exports in the Lumber and Papers Sector 1998-2008 52                                  52
                          Graph 2: Number of Lumber and Paper Sector Enterprises 1998-2008 54                            54
                          Graph 3: Number of Lumber and Paper Sector Enterprises 1998-2008                               55
Graph 4:   Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Panel Doors 2008 (CNP 4418200000)          57
Graph 5:   Peruvian Panel Doors Export Growth to the World 2003-2008 (CNP 4418200000)       57
Graph 6:   Principal Peruvian Export Destinations for Deckings 2008 (CNP 4409209000)        59
Graph 7:   Peruvian Deckings Export Growth to the World 2003-2008 (CNP 4409209000)          59

TABLE OF TABLES
Table 1: Exports in the Lumber and Papers Sector per Product 2004-2008 53                   53
Table 2: Destination countries of Lumber and Papers Sector 2004-2008 54                     54
Table 3: Average Humidity Range of Raw Material                                             56
Table 4: Main Characteristics of the Raw Material                                           58



TEXTILE AND GARMENTS

TABLE OF GRAPHS
Graph 1: Exports in the Textile and Clothing Sector 1997-2008                               62
Table 1: Exports in the Textile and Clothing Sector per Product 2003-2008                   63
Table 2: Destination Countries of Textile and Clothing Sector 2003-2008                     63
Graph 2: Number of Textile - Manufacture Sector Entreprises 1997-2008                       64
Graph 3: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Woven Cotton Pants for Women/ Girls - 2008   68
Graph 4: Peruvian Exports Growth of Woven Cotton Pants for Women/
          Girls to the World 2002- 2008                                                     69
Graph 5: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Men Woven Pants - 2008                       70
Graph 6: Peruvian Exports Growth of Men Woven Pants to the World 2002-2008                  71
Graph 7: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Men/ Boys Knitted Cotton Pants – 2008        72
Graph 8: Peruvian Exports Growth of Men/ Boys Knitted Cotton Pants
          to the World 2002-2008                                                            73
Graph 9: Main Peruvian Export Destinations of Knitted Cotton Sweaters - 2008                74
Graph 10: Peruvian Exports Growth of Knitted Cotton Sweaters to the World 2002-2008         75
Graph 11: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Woven Coats in Fine Hair
          for Women - 2008                                                                  76




                                                                                                 aPPEndiX
Graph 12: Peruvian Exports Growth of Woven Coats in Fine Hair for Women to
          the World 2002-2008                                                               77
Graph 13: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Shawls, Scarves, Veils and the Like,
          of Textile materials, Knitted at a Glance During 2008                             78
Graph 14: Peruvian Exports Growth of Shawls, Scarves, Veils and the Like to

                                                                                                 111
          the World 2002-2008                                                               79
Graph 15: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for fine hair knitted sweaters - 2008           80
Graph 16: Peruvian Exports Growth of Fine Hair Knitted Sweaters to the World 2002-2008      81
Graph 17: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Woven Cotton Shirt - 2008                   82
Graph 18: Peruvian Export Growth of Woven Cotton Shirts to the World 2002-2008              83
Graph 19: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Knitted Cotton Shirts - 2008                84
Graph 20: Peruvian Exports Growth of Knitted Cotton Shirts to the World 2002-2008           85
Graph 21: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Knitted Cotton T- Shirts - 2008             86
Graph 22: Peruvian Exports Growth of Knitted Cotton T- Shirts to the World 2002-2008        87
Graph 23: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Babygrows, Pants, Sweaters, Caps
          in Knitted cotton for Babies - 2008                                               88
Graph 24: Peruvian Exports Growth of Cotton Knitted Babywear to the World 2002-2008         89
                          OTHERS

                          TABLE OF GRAPHS
                          Graph 1: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Caustic Soda 2008                         94
                          Graph 2: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Imitation Jewelry                         96
                          Graph 3: Main Peruvian Export Destinations for Articles of Jewelry 2008                  97
                          Graph 4: IT Market in Peru 2007-2008 (millions of US$)                                   98
                          Graph 5: Evolution of Peruvian Sales in the Software Industry 2003-2007                  98
                          Graph 6: Evolutions Sales Export of Peruvian Software 2003-2008                          99
                          Graph 7: Main Export Countries of Peruvian Software 2007                                 99

                          TABLE OF TABLES
                          Table 1: Listing of Export Destination Countries of Peruvian Causstic Soda 2002-2008 93
                          Table 2: Listing of Peruvian Export Destination Countries for Imitation Jewelry 2002-2008 96
112




                          Table 3: Listing of Peruvian Export Products in the Articles of Jewelry sector 2002-2008 97
PERU’S EXPORTABLE GOODS




                          Credits:
                          Photos:
                          M. Vargas, Heinz Plenge Pardo, Mario Silva – Manchamanteles,
                          Fragma Fotografía, Manuel Miranda, M. García B., Yayo López,
                          Hans Stoll, Juan Jósé Calvo, Domingo Giribaldi, Chayo Saldarriaga. Designs:
                          Jorge Luis Salinas (Pg. 71), Claudia Lira (Pg. 96), Esther Ventura (Pg. 95).

                          Design and Edition:
                          Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board, PromPerú.

                          Lima, October 2009.
113   aPPEndiX

				
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