SURAH ASR
• This surah is a Makki surah, made up of 3
  aayaat. One of the shortest surahs', but
  contains many lessons.

In surah al-Fatiha, Allah has taught us to
   seek the straight path, as-sirât al-
   mustaqîm, and in surah al-’Asr the
   essence of that straight path is revealed to
• These seemingly simple lines of divine
  guidance tell us how to live our entire life.
• Many books, with thousands of words,
  cannot say as much as is contained in
  these three short verses.
• This surah shows us “the big picture”, and
  undoubtedly anyone who truly
  understands and lives by these ideals will
  be on the straight path
AYAH 1) wa-al 'Asr
(I swear) By Time.
• Asr - [linguistically] time that is running
• Allah also swears by other Times in the
   - wal fajri - I swear by the Dawn. - [Surah
  Fajr 89:1]
     ٰ َ ُّ َ
  - ‫ -والضحى‬wad-duha - By the Morning Sun.
  - [Surah Duha 93:1]

  But 'Asr is a time associated with
• IMAN SHAFEE has explained it rightly as:
• the Struggle of the human being is like the
  one who is trying to sell ice. It is melting
  away and he needs to sell it quickly and
  make as much sales before the end of the
  day comes. Otherwise - all his valuables'
  and efforts will go to waste.
• Prophet Mohammed, may Allah bless him
  and grant him peace said, "There are two
  blessings that most delude people, free
  time, and health."
• Every moment, when it has passed,
  becomes past, and every moment of the
  future, when it is passing, becomes
  present, and when it has passed, becomes
  past. Here, since the oath has been sworn
  by time absolute
• It would be just like calling attention of the
  candidate, who was expending the time
  allotted for solving the question paper in
  some other pursuit, to the wall clock in the
  examination hall, to tell him that the
  passing time bore witness that he was
  causing loss to himself; the candidate
  benefiting by the Time was he who was
  using every moment of the allotted time in
  solving the paper.
Time is a witness to the tragedy
of the human being
• People throughout history have chased
  after wealth, beautiful things, power etc.
• People chased after all these things,
  thinking they will achieve success, and
  while they were in that state - they died.
  This same process has been repeating
  generation after generation, for thousands
  of years, and there is one creation of Allah
  which has continuously been witnessing
  all this. It is al 'Asr - the Time.
• given to mankind by Allah, and the most
  precious capital of an individual. This time
  reduces with every passing second, and
  every moment that passes by is an
  opportunity gone, used, or abused, never
  to return.
• Soon the allotted time will be up and the
  angel of death will take the soul away from
  this world.
• The reckoning on the Day of Judgment will
  be based upon how we spend our time in
  this world.
• On this day the feet of the son of Adam
  (man) will not move till he is questioned
  about four matters:
• how he spent his lifetime,
• how he spent his youth;
• from where he acquired his wealth and
  how he spent it,
• and what he did with his knowledge"
  [Hadeeth in Sunan at-Tirmidhi, no.
Wa-al 'Asr - We will remember
the special Days of Allah
• The Days when; Allah created the human
  being (Adam), the Day He revealed the
  Qur'an to Prophet Muhammad, the Day
  Allah drowned the disbelievers of Prophet
  Nuh, the Day Allah destroyed Pharoah and
  saved Moses, the Day of Badr, the Day
  when Allah spoke to Musa/Moses.
  The Day of Judgment, the Day the
  believers will see Allah.
• By saying al 'Asr - we will remember these
  Days so we will not want to be in loss
Ayah 2) Inna al Insaan La Fee
• Inna - no doubt (it talks to people who
  might be doubtful - it removes doubt).
  Insaan - Nisyaan - forgetfulness.

  The human might be reminded he's in
  trouble - but soon he forgets.

• an-Naas: all mankind

  Insaan: Each and every individual
  forgetful human being - you are in loss
  [in potential trouble]...
Why Insaan and Not An Nas
• Diffusion of Responsibility:

  If you talk generally to people - they
  assume someone else is to blame.

  If you talk specifically you start thinking.
• .
   Innal insaana la fee khusr.. - no doubt, the
  forgetful human is in loss
What is Khusr
• Khusr (loss) also is not merely
  synonymous with worldly failure or distress
  but comprehends man’s real failure and
  disappointment from the world till the

• When the Qur’an states conclusively and
  absolutely that Man is certainly in loss, it
  implies loss both in this world and in the
Illa alladheena amanoo wa AAamiloo assaalihaati
watawaassaw bi-alhaqqi watawaassaw bi-as-sabr

• Except for those who have believed and
  done righteous deeds and advised each
  other to truth and advised each other to
• Four conditions must be met:
• 1) Faith
• 2) Good deeds
• 3) Encourage others towards truth
• 4) Encourage other to be patient
• The foundation to utilize time properly lies
  in having faith and conviction in the heart -
• The Prophet, may Allah bless him and
  grant him peace said, "Faith and Good
  Deeds are partners and the one is
  incomplete without

• The fruit of Emaan = Tranquility
• You are at Peace with your life and with
  Allah because you know that everything
  belongs to Him, so whatever you gain or
  lose - you are thankful, not worrying that it
  is yours to lose. Rather, Allah loves you
  and He is deciding what is better for you

• "Indeed we belong to Allah , and indeed to
  Him we will return." [Innaa lillahi wa inna
  alayhi Raji'oon] (al Baqarah 2:156)
Amalus Salehat
Correct and good actions So Allah is
  implying; if you want to be a better
  person - do good actions and you will
  be a good person
• Salihat comprehends all kinds of virtuous
  and good deeds. However, according to
  the Qur’an, no act can be a good act
  unless it is based on Faith and it is
  performed in obedience to the guidance
  given by Allah and His Messanger
Relationship between Faith and
Good Deeds
• Unless the seed is sown in the soil no tree
  can grow out of it. But if the seed is in the
  soil and no tree is growing out of it, it
  would mean that the seed is lost in the soil
• What man requires to do after the Faith in
  order to remain secure from loss is to
  perform righteous deeds.
• In other words, mere Faith without
  righteous deeds cannot save man from
What Good Deeds?
• Deeds stipulated in the Quran and sunnah,
  like Prayers, Fasting, Zakat, Hajj, Charity,
  kindness to orphans, taking care of
  parents and a host of other things.
• Good deeds also refer to abstaining from
  the prohibited like dealing in interest,
  fornication, lying, backbiting, eating impure
  food and others.
Tawwasu Bil Haq
• Tawwaassi -- to charge someone,
  command them, encourage them (i.e.
  emotional encouragement - heart to heart.)

  i.e. "I'm telling you, make salaah, it's good
  for you in this life and the next."

  This is tawwaassu - from Wassiya - to
  leave a will - for a loved one.
• In a Wassiyya - You are leaving these
  important words because you are about to
  die, so you don't have alot of time left, so
  people need to hear your last words.

  This word signifies; sincere loving
  advice, Urgency, telling the truth.
• Wassiyya also implies - when you die, you
  pass on alot of your valuable wealth
  and property to someone else.
• So Allah is using this word to imply that we
  give sincere, loving, and valuable
• You are handing them a treasure of advice
  which will really be of benefit to them, just
  like wealth and property is benficial to the

• The second implication of Tawwaassaw is;
  things that are done mutually (ishtiraaq) -
  when you give someone good advice, they
  might advise you back. They might even
  reply to you back in a loud voice i.e. "Well
  you don't do that other good!"
• So you would humble yourself and say;
  "Yes, i should be doing that aswell".

  I.e. It is a two way sharing of advice, which
  - if you give, you should be waiting to
  recieve back aswell.

• Because even if there is a truth in it - you
  accept it. This shows sincerety in following
  the truth.

  This is part of the Tawwaasiy.
• tawaassaw bil haqq - includes tawheed,
  obedience to Allah and His Messenger
• bil haqq (with truth) refers to advising each
  other with the Qur'an.
  Reminding each other through the Qur'an
• Tawaassaw bis Sabr:The significance of
  patience in the Islamic Way of Life can be
  gauged from the fact that the Prophet, may
  Allah bless him and grant him peace
  considered it as half of Faith and as the
  key to Paradise.
How are they interrelated
• This is because the invitation to truth is
  usually not welcomed and it has often to
  face resistance. It is necessary for those
  who are dedicated to truth to put up with
  oppression and persecution.
• Perhaps all of us have experienced that
  even a little piece of moral advice can be
  disliked by people.
• For example, if a person owes five dollars
  to some one, and is putting off its payment
  and you ask him to pay that amount to his
  creditor, he will frown at you. If he is in an
  angry mood, he may warn you not to
  interfere in his affairs. Now you can well
  imagine how much resistance would be
  offered and to what extent people will
  oppose the preaching which demands
  from them the fulfilling of their major
  obligations and religious duties
• In Quranic terminology, this is called
  ‘istiqamat’ i.e., steadfastness. This is the
  acid test which proves to what extent a
  person is committed to his objectives
• Humanity is kept from accepting the truth
  of Islam by 2 obstacles;

  1 - Shubuhaat (Doubts)
  2 - Shahawaat (Temptations)

  Either one of these lead people astray.
• It is an intellectual problem (people feel
  answers by callers to Islam are not
  It is a psychological problem (people want
  to follow forbidden desires).
• ta waassaww bil Haqq - and they enjoin
  upon each other the truth. (This get's rid of
  the intellectual problem.)

  Wa ta waassaww bil Sabr - and they
  enjoin upon each other patience. (This
  encourages people to remain upon the
  truth even through tempting times
• The most important truth flowing forth from
  this sura is that time is much more than
  money. Time is in fact life
• This sura then reveals the real criterion of
  man's success and failure.

• Any one who has all these four
  prerequisites is successful and triumphant
  in the hereafter, even if he has no wealth,
  friends or recognition in this world

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