. . 2, 1915 15’
protected by the interposition of cotton. Slun woven with rubber, yet is lighter, .more durable,
surfaces ought never- t o be bandaged in direct perm.its evaporation, may be washed repeatedly,
contact. Always interpose gauze or lint wlien- and .has no odour. It is readily sterilized and can
&er possible. Leave some portion of the part be kept indefinitely.
distal to the bandage exposed whenever possible, Unna‘s Dressing.-This is com.posed of layers of
in order that the circulation may be watched. gauze bandage soaked in Unna’s paste, which,
In applying a simple circular bandage around a when cold, has a gummy elasticity. The dressing
cylindrical part, place the initial extremity a t is often used to give support to the lower leg, as in
right angles t o the axis of the part.” varicose condifions. Fenestra may be cut i1 the.
We think that any pupil nurse who absorbs dressing t o permit attention to underlying con-
the instruction given in the foregoing paragraphs ditions, such as ulcers.
could give a verv good account of her Imcwledge v
of the-theory of“bgndaging in ai examination. Adhesive plaster dressinas are used chieflv for
Our first illustration shows support,- fixation; and com-
a figure of 8 of the breasts pression in sprains, fractures,
(Kiwisch) described as fol- and chronic exudative con-
lows :- ditions in tendons, bursae, &c.
“ After applying two or three Precise directions are given
turns of a suspensory of both as to their application.
breasts, cover the breasts by The manner of theremovaL
three or four spiral turns and of adhesive from the skin is,
then by three or four figure of it is explained, very impor-
8 turns to compress the breasts, tant. The ends may be freed
passing under the right breast,, and the plaster drawn back
over the left breast, around the upon itself, the skin being
back, then over the right gently pressed down, away
breast, under the left breast from the * adhesive surface.
and around back. Repeat I ‘ Another dry and more rapid
three or four times, ending the method is to free an end and
bandage by a circular turn then with a quick jerk remove
across both breasts.” the plaster. This sometimes
ELASTIC BANDAGES. carries the outer layer of the
Dr. Eliason describes three skin with it.”
types of elastic bandages : - Solutions such as ether,
I. Martin’s Rubber Bandage.
alcohol, benzine, gasoline and
turpentine may also be used,
-A strip of rubber from z to 4 applied to the under surface
inclies wide. No reverses axe of the plaster with cotton o r
used and very little tension is gauze.
applied. It is preferable t o
have a gauze or flannel bandage Our illustration gives an
next the skin to absorb the excellent example of the
moisture. The dressing should strapping of a knee.
be kept free from all ointments, PLASTER PARIS
oils, ether, &c.,which are harm-
ful to.rubber. The Martin’s GYPSUM BANDAGES.
bandage should be removed at Many probationers and
least once in 24 hours t o allow junior nurses to whom the
it to dry out. It is secured by methods of preparation and
two tapes attached to one end. application of plaster bandages
2. Elastic Webbing is made are somewhat of an enigma
of a rubber or elastic net work KNEE STRAPPING. would benefit by studyving
covered with a fabric of cotton the lucid instru&ion $,en
or silk. No gauze or flannel is needed next the SI&, by Dr, Eliason on this subject. To an
It possesses the distinct advantage of permitting expert the subject is rather a fascinating one, and
evaporation of perspiration. the application of plaster can be brought to a high
3. Esmarch Tube or Tourniquet.-A rubber strap degree of perfection. It is not everyone who
5 feet to 6 feet long, with a hook a t one end and knows that a pinch of salt dissolved in the water
a chairi a t the other. Its chief use is as a means in which plaster bandages are soaked will hasten
of preventing hzemorrhage from wounds in the their setting when applied. Vaseline may be
extremities. rubbed into the operator’s hands in the absence
Elastic Fabric Bandage.-This is made entirely of gloves t o prevent the plaster sticking to them..
of cotton woven in a manner to allow stretching Discarded plaster in the basin should not be
almcst.equa1 t o that of rubber. It possesses all poured down the waste, as it will harden and close
the advantages and qualities of a bandage inter- the drain pipe. -
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