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Challenges and Opportunities

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					Challenges and
 Opportunities
   Jim Purcell
Thomas Jefferson:
 “I was a revolutionary
so that my children
could farm and so their
children could do art.”
We are all on a journey
"If I could rest anywhere, it would be in
 Arkansas, where the men are of the real
 half-horse, half-alligator breed such as
 grows nowhere else on the face of the
 universal earth."

     Davey Crockett
               State Per Capita Personal Income v. Share of Adult
               Population with Bachelor's Degree or Higher (2006)
                                                                                                          2002= 19.7%                  DC
                    $38,000
                                    No state with a low
                                      proportion of
                    $36,000         Bachelor’s degrees
                                                                                                   CT
                                   has a high per capita
                    $34,000
                                         income.
                                                                                                   NJ
                    $32,000                                                                               MD   MA
Per Capita Income




                    $30,000                                                                   VA
                                 18.2%                                   DE
                                                                                         NY NH
                    $28,000                                                        RI    MN
                                                                              CA
                                                                         AK   IL                        CO
                    $26,000                                                              WA   VT
                                             NV
                                                                  WI FL                                         No state with a high
                                                         WY    MI     PA           HI
                    $24,000                                  IA
                                                                      ME GA
                                                                             OR KS                                 proportion of
                                                                MO      AZ
                                                    IN     OH     NC
                                                                      ND
                                                                           NE                                   Bachelor’s degrees
                    $22,000                       TN               TX        MT
                                                 AL
                                                           SC
                                                                   SD
                                                                                UT
                                                                                                                has a low per capita
                                            KY                        NM
                    $20,000                          OK
                                                                                                                      income.
                                       AR    LA               ID
                              WV
                    $18,000
                                       MS
                    $16,000
                           15%              20%                    25%             30%                  35%         40%          45%        50%

                                                         Percentage of Adult Population with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, ACS 2006
              Investing in Higher Education
•   Arizona Gov. Janet Napolitano (D) proposed a compact with the state’s eighth-
    graders: Stay out of trouble and get Bs in high school, and we’ll give you a college
    education. Napolitano also pledged to double the number of bachelor’s degrees
    awarded by her state’s colleges by 2020.
•   Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm (D) also set a goal of doubling the number of
    college graduates. She wants to expand a pilot program that gives students an
    associate college degree after a five-year high school program and reward colleges
    that manage to graduate students, as opposed to just enrolling them.
•   West Virginia Gov. Joe Manchin III (D) includes $50 million for the “Bucks for
    Brains” initiative to recruit faculty and build infrastructure with the goal of finding
    success in fields that could result in profits.
•   Ohio Gov. Ted Strickland (D): wants to pay for students to spend their final year of
    high school on a college campus for free. He also wants to make Ohio one of the 10
    least-expensive states to attend college.
•   Tennessee’s Phil Bredesen (D) suggested lowering the GPA threshold that college
    students must maintain to keep their Hope Scholarship from a 3.0 to 2.75.
•   South Dakota’s Mike Rounds (R) said another 200 students could join the 3,465 who
    already receive the state’s Opportunity Scholarships if the ACT score requirement
    were lowered from 24 to 23
•   Missouri’s Matt Blunt (R) asked for $100 million for Access Missouri scholarships, a
    sum that would quadruple the state’s investment in need-based grants.
•   Idaho’s C.L. "Butch" Otter (R) proposed in his address Jan. 7 spending $50 million
    for scholarships for low-income students.
        The 2010 Meltdown
 Solving the Impending Jobs Crisis
• up to 50 percent of America’s adult
  population today lacks the advanced
  skills that are the foundation for
  most future high-paying jobs in
  today’s complex knowledge
  economy.
Arkansas:
• BLS assures us that over the long
  term, labor supply and demand will
                                        Edward E. Gordon
  balance. (pg 18)
Legislative Taskforce on
Remediation, Retention
    and Graduation
• Goal: Reach the SREB average for citizens with
  bachelor’s degrees by 2015. (projected to be 27%).
• Arkansas is currently at 18.2%.
• Arkansas is currently producing 11,186 bachelor degrees per
  year and at this rate of production Arkansas will have 337,256
  citizens with bachelor’s degrees by 2015.
• To reach the SREB average, Arkansas must increase the
  current production of bachelor’s degrees by 64% (7,098 more
  graduates per year).
Strengthening the
Arkansas Education
Pipeline
                    Percent 96-97 Arkansas 9th Grader’s Progression
                        into High School and College (percent)

  100


                 74
                                                          Fall 2000 College Freshmen


                               46
                                              41
                                             100%            29
                                                             71%                                  12
                                                                           16          4
                                                                                                   28%
 9th Grade    High School     Enrolled      First-tim e    Retained      Graduated     With        With
Enrollm ent      Grads      Directly into    Full-tim e   After 1 Year    Within 6   Associate   Bachelor
                              College         Degree                       Years      Degree      Degree
                                             Seeking
                                              Cohort
                      96-97 Arkansas 9th Grader’s Progression into
                           High School and College (number)




37,160
                                                          Fall 2000 College Freshmen
              27,335


                            17,116
                                            15,172
                                             100%          10,701
                                                                                                 4,324
                                                            71%          5,817       1,493
                                                                                                  28%
 9th Grade    High School     Enrolled      First-tim e    Retained      Graduated     With        With
Enrollm ent      Grads      Directly into    Full-tim e   After 1 Year    Within 6   Associate   Bachelor
                              College         Degree                       Years      Degree      Degree
                                             Seeking
                                              Cohort
    Competing Globally
• 28,532 Arkansas high school graduates

• How many high school graduates in
  Dallas/Fort Worth MSA?       40,906

• All of Texas              240,485
• US                       3,152,000
• China                    9,500,000
            Catching Up
• What can be done? What is possible?
  What are the issues?
• What is the solution?
• Will Arkansas seek to participate in the
  modern-global-technological society in
  a capacity other than being a provider
  of low-skilled cheap labor?
                             Arkansas College-Going Rate

 65%

                                                                           63.9%

                                                                                     62.0%
 60%                                                             60.9%
                                                       60.8%
                59.4%               59.3%


 55%
               2000-01             2001-02             2002-03   2003-04   2004-05   2005-06
Source: Arkansas Higher Education Information System
Reading Remediation Rates by County
            Fall 2007




                                                                 Arkansas_cnty.shp
                                                                % Needing Remediation
                                                                         12 - 25
                                                                         26 - 49
                                                                         50 - 74

   First-time entering (full- and part-time) students seeking
   an associate or baccalaureate degree.
English Remediation Rates by County
            Fall 2007




                                                               Arkansas_cnty.shp
                                                               % Needing Remediation
                                                                       16 - 25
                                                                       26 - 49
                                                                       50 - 69

  First-time entering (full- and part-time) students seeking
  an associate or baccalaureate degree.
Math Remediation Rates by County
           Fall 2007




                                                             Arkansas_cnty.shp
                                                             % Needing Remediation
                                                                    23 - 25
                                                                    26 - 49
                                                                    50 - 81
First-time entering (full- and part-time) students seeking
an associate or baccalaureate degree.
Unduplicated Remediation Rates by County
               Fall 2007




                                                                Arkansas_cnty.shp
                                                                % Needing Remediation
                                                                       33 - 49
                                                                       50 - 74
   First-time entering (full- and part-time) students seeking
   an associate or baccalaureate degree.
                                                                       75 - 93
                             English Remediation
         Count of Students
100.0%

80.0%

                                                   Academic Year
60.0%
                                                   EnglishRemediated
                                                    2008 - NR
                                                    2008 - Remed
40.0%

20.0%

 0.0%

          NETTLETON

           RIVERSIDE
            BAY HIGH




         JONESBORO




           WESTSIDE
         CENTRAL HS




           VIEW HIGH
         BROOKLAND




           CARAWAY
         BUFFALO IS.
             SCHOOL




            VALLEY
              HIGH




              HIGH
              HIGH
             HIGH
             HIGH
             HIGH




                                  HighSchool
                                      0.0%
                                                            20.0%
                                                                                              40.0%
                                                                                                                60.0%
                                                                                                                        80.0%
                                                                                                                                100.0%




                   BAY HIGH SCHOOL
                   BROOKLAND HIGH
                                                                                                                                         Count of St udent s




                      SCHOOL
             BUFFALO IS. CENTRAL HS

             CARAWAY HIGH SCHOOL
                   JONESBORO HIGH




HighSchool
                       SCHOOL
                    NETTLETON HIGH
                       SCHOOL
                                                                                                                                                               Reading Remediation




             RIVERSIDE HIGH SCHOOL
                  VALLEY VIEW HIGH
                       SCHOOL
             WESTSIDE HIGH SCHOOL-
                   Jonesboro
                                                             2008 - NR
                                                                                                Academic Year




                                             2008 - Remed
                                                                         ReadingRemediat ed
                                      0.0%
                                                            20.0%
                                                                                           40.0%
                                                                                                           60.0%
                                                                                                                   80.0%
                                                                                                                           100.0%



                   BAY HIGH SCHOOL

                   BROOKLAND HIGH
                                                                                                                                    Count of St udent s




                      SCHOOL

             BUFFALO IS. CENTRAL HS


              CARAWAY HIGH SCHOOL

                   JONESBORO HIGH




HighSchool
                       SCHOOL

             NETTLETON HIGH SCHOOL
                                                                                                                                                          Math Remediation




             RIVERSIDE HIGH SCHOOL

                  VALLEY VIEW HIGH
                      SCHOOL
             WESTSIDE HIGH SCHOOL-
                   Jonesboro
                                                            2008 - NR
                                                                                           Academic Year




                                             2008 - Remed
                                                                        Mat hRemediat ed
                                  20.00%
                                             40.00%
                                                                60.00%
                                                                                        80.00%
                                                                                                 100.00%




                          0.00%
              BAY HIGH
              SCHOOL
                                                                                                           Students




            BROOKLAND
               HIGH
            BUFFALO IS.
            CENTRAL HS
            JONESBORO
               HIGH
            NETTLETON




Site Name
              HIGH
                                                                                                                      College-Going Rate




             RIVERSIDE
                HIGH
              VALLEY
             VIEW HIGH
             WESTSIDE
               HIGH
                                           Attended
                                                                         College-Goin
                                                      Did Not Att
Knowing is half the battle.

  GI Joe, Action figure and comic book character
    Unduplicated Number of Fall First-Time Freshmen Assigned to
                      Remediation for 2007-2008
                               All
               First-Time                English  Math    Reading
  Institution               Remedial
               Freshmen
                               %           %        %         %
ASUJ                  1,733    46.68%     28.16%  38.72%    25.45%
ATU                   1,543    42.90%     25.92%  34.28%    22.29%
HSU                     803    38.11%     23.66%  30.76%    20.67%
SAUM                    537    55.87%     40.97%  42.27%    37.43%
UAF                    2899    10.93%      3.69%   7.07%     3.73%
UAFS                  1,138    44.02%     18.63%  38.05%    15.82%
UALR                    862    54.99%     33.76%  43.16%    31.55%
UAM                     533    64.73%     46.53%  56.10%    43.15%
UAPB                    819    91.70%     75.46%  84.86%    73.63%
UCA                   1,793    29.89%      4.13%  28.00%     6.97%

Total Four-Year    12,660     39.50%    22.50%   33.02%    21.09%
      Unduplicated Number of Fall First-Time Freshmen Assigned to
                        Remediation for 2007-2008
                                  All
                  First-Time                English  Math    Reading
    Institution                Remedial
                  Freshmen
                                   %           %       %         %
ANC                        298     84.90%    55.03%   81.54%   52.35%
ASUB                       775     62.97%    38.32%   56.52%   31.10%
ASUMH                      175     64.57%    34.86%   51.43%   26.29%
ASUN                       153     79.74%    58.17%   71.90%   45.10%
BRTC                       319     72.41%    52.98%   52.66%   42.95%
CCCUA                      152     82.24%    60.53%   76.97%   54.61%
EACC                       256     84.38%    60.94%   70.31%   58.59%
MSCC                       280     80.00%    60.36%   70.36%   54.29%
NAC                        322     63.98%    42.55%   43.48%   34.16%
NPCC                       304     83.88%    49.01%   80.26%   38.16%
NWACC                    1,116     72.58%    38.35%   59.59%   30.82%
OTC                        131     75.57%    38.93%   70.99%   28.24%
OZC                        228     69.30%    47.81%   46.49%   34.21%
PCCUA                       75     86.67%    66.67%   72.00%   64.00%
PTC                      1,034     87.72%    54.26%   84.24%   53.58%
RMCC                       111     72.07%    40.54%   52.25%   33.33%
SACC                       137     87.59%    64.23%   78.83%   62.04%
SAUT                       160     85.00%    58.75%   74.38%   57.50%
SEAC                       166     86.75%    65.06%   79.52%   44.58%
UACCB                      216     77.78%    50.46%   70.83%   41.67%
UACCH                      195     79.49%    42.05%   65.13%   43.59%
UACCM                      453     73.95%    45.92%   65.78%   40.40%
Total Two-Year           7,056     76.67%    48.41%   66.77%   42.05%
      Cost of Remediation




                 $53,800,000
Equivalent to the combined budget of seven of
Arkansas’s community colleges.

     Revise remediation instruction
                                   Native Graduation Rates by Cohort
              80
              70
                                                             56.4                   Six-Year Rates
                   54.3     54.3       55.3       55.8
              60
                                                                       17.6
        50
       19.4
P e rc e nt




                                       36.5       37.9       38.8        38.9             Three-Year Rates
              40   34.9     35.2

              30
                   31.3      30        29.8       29.1       30.6        30.0      29.3      29.1
        20
       10.9                                                                                          9.0
                   20.4     20.0       19.8       20.0                   20.9                20.1      20.5
              10                                             18.5                  18.2

              0
                   1996     1997       1998       1999       2000       2001      2002       2003     2004
                                                         Cohort Years

                    Ark Universities          Ark Colleges          Nat'l Universities      Nat'l Colleges
                Unrestricted Educational & General Budget
                            Sources of Revenue

100%     5.8%         6.1%          5.2%        6.0%         6.8%             6.5%
       During the 1980’s what percent of college and
         0.9%         1.3%          1.5%        1.3%         0.9%             1.1%

       university budgets consisted of State Funds? 69 to 70%
75%     35.2%        38.3%         39.7%        41.0%        42.0%        41.5%
                 1992? 64%
50%

                 2001? 60%
        58.0%        54.3%         53.6%
25%                                             51.7%        50.3%        50.9%



 0%

       FY 2002      FY 2003       FY 2004      FY 2005      FY 2006      FY 2007

       State Appropriation    Tuition & Fees   Local Appropriation    Other
                Unrestricted Educational & General Budget
                            Sources of Revenue

100%     5.8%         6.1%          5.2%        6.0%         6.8%             6.5%
         0.9%         1.3%          1.5%        1.3%         0.9%             1.1%


75%     35.2%        38.3%         39.7%        41.0%        42.0%        41.5%



50%




       58.0%        54.3%         53.6%        51.7%                     50.9%
25%                                                        50.3%


 0%

       FY 2002      FY 2003       FY 2004      FY 2005      FY 2006      FY 2007

       State Appropriation    Tuition & Fees   Local Appropriation    Other
                Unrestricted Educational & General Budget
                            Sources of Revenue

100%     5.8%         6.1%          5.2%        6.0%         6.8%             6.5%
         0.9%         1.3%          1.5%        1.3%         0.9%             1.1%


75%     35.2%        38.3%         39.7%        41.0%        42.0%        41.5%



50%




       58.0%        54.3%         53.6%        51.7%                     50.9%
25%                                                        50.3%


 0%

       FY 2002      FY 2003       FY 2004      FY 2005      FY 2006      FY 2007

       State Appropriation    Tuition & Fees   Local Appropriation    Other
               Academic Challenge/Governor's Scholarship, State Need-Based Aid, Institutional
                                      Scholarships, Student Loans
                                              (in $millions)


$450

$400                                                                                                        395.73


$350
                                                                              330.92

$300

$250
                                                        215.42
$200

$150       141.59

                                                                                                         85.85
$100                                                66.21

       34.77
$50
                                                                 24.97                           24.83
                                13.9
                        2.9                                                               3.44
 $0
       '98           '99        '00           '01   '02          '03       '04         '05       '06     '07

                 Academic Challenge/Governor's Scholarship         State Need-Based Aid
                 Institutional Scholarships                        Student Loans
A Plan
“Speed to Market and Close to Customer”
                   Ed Barlow, Futurist
“Speed to Market and Close to Customer”

  1. Implement a series of initiatives that
     expedite the number of degrees produced
     and the speed at which degrees are
     produced.
  2. Enhance the production of degrees in high
     –demand programs that are needed for the
     modern Arkansas economy.
  3. Encourage students to complete a degree
     and to work in Arkansas.
               The Plan:
“Speed to Market and Close to Customer”
 1. Implement a series of initiatives that expedite the
    number of degrees produced and the speed at which
    degrees are produced.
        1. A continuation of the current need-based funding
           formula with slight equity modifications
        2. A separate performance funding formula
           coordinated by ADHE Emphasis on increasing the
           # of associate and bachelor degrees as fast as
           possible.
        3. State-wide annual enrollment management
           workshop
        4. Continue improving the college matriculation
           process: remediation, course articulation,
           advising
        5. Expand concurrent enrollment
               The Plan:
“Speed to Market and Close to Customer”
 2.    Enhance the production of degrees in high–demand
       programs that are needed for the modern Arkansas
       economy.
      1. Offer Competitive grants to address geographic workforce
         shortages for program expansions -probably healthcare in
         first cycle –awards will be added to the institution’s base if
         degree targets are met within prescribed time period.
      2. Establish closer ties with Business and Industry for the
         purposes of becoming more responsive.
      3. Offer Competitive grants for the purpose of identifying
         academic/ technical programs as “Centers of Excellence.”
         Selected programs would illustrate quality, attract and
         graduate a large number of students. Awards will be added
         to the institution’s base if degree targets are met
           Top 10 Jobs with the Most Annual
            Openings: Associate’s Degree
                      Required
                                Registered Nurses                                                    703

                     Computer Support Specialists                   122

         Radiologic Technologists and Technicians              61

                    Computer Specialists, All Other        45

Medical Records and Health Information Technicians         42

                   Paralegals and Legal Assistants         41

                            Respiratory Therapists         37

                                 Dental Hygienists        30

        Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians       29

                      Physical Therapist Assistants       21

                                                      0             150     300       450      600    750
                                                                          Number of Openings
                Arkansas Associate Attainment by Degree
                           AY 2003-2007 Total
                   Public and Independent Institutions
                   Liberal Arts, General Studies                                                          51.8%
             Health Professions & Rel. Science                                19.8%
                Business Mgt./Admin. Services                       10.6%
                                                                                      1,000
              Engineering-Related Technology              3.5%
            Computer & Informational Sciences            2.7%     137
                            Protective Services          2.6%
                                       Education       1.9%
                               Home Economics          1.5%
                      Mechanics And Repairers          1.5%
                    Multi/Interdisciplinary Stud.     1.3%
                        Visual & Performing Arts     0.7%
                          Law and Legal Studies      0.7%
          Personal and Miscellaneous Services        0.4%
                   Precision Production Trades      0.3%
             Foreign Languages and Literature       0.1%
          Agricultural Business and Production      0.1%
                    Public Admin. And Services      0.1%
                            Construction Trades     0.1%
                                Communications      0.1%
                          Philosophy & Religion     0.1%
                Communications Technologies         0.0%
           Parks, Recreation & Leisure Studies      0.0%
                                    Engineering     0.0%
                    Biological Sci/Life Sciences    0.0%
              Theological Studies/Rel. Vocation     0.0%
Conservation and Renewable Natural Resources        0.0%

                                                0.0%             10.0%      20.0%     30.0%   40.0%   50.0%       60.0%
      Top 10 Jobs with the Most Annual
    Openings: Bachelor’s Degree Required
            Business Operations Specialists, All Other                                                      348

Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education                                                275

                           Accountants and Auditors                                     204

      Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and
                                                                                      195
                  Vocational Education

                   Teachers and Instructors, All Other                  103

Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational
                                                                        102
                     Education

           Computer Software Engineers, Applications               86

       Network and Computer Systems Administrators                78

                                  Engineers, All Other            76

                         Computer Systems Analysts                74

                                                         0   50    100         150   200      250    300   350    400
                                                                              Number of Openings
                Arkansas Bachelor's Attainment by Degree
                           AY 2003-2007 Total
                   Public and Independent Institutions
    Business Mgt./Admin. Services                                                                  2,538   23.0%
                          Education                                             12.0%
Health Professions & Rel. Sciences                                       9.9%             1,328
                    Social Sciences                         4.7% 1,095
                        Psychology                          4.7%
       Biological Sci/Life Sciences                         4.5%
                   Communications                           4.5%
             English Language and                       3.8%
          Visual & Performing Arts                     3.5%
         Computer & Informational                    3.1%
                       Engineering                   3.0%      341
         Agricultural Business and                2.4%
                  Home Economics                  2.4%
                Protective Services              2.2%
                             History             2.2%
       Parks, Recreation & Leisure               2.2%
      Liberal Arts, General Studies             2.1%
       Public Admin. And Services              1.8%
                 Physical Sciences           1.5%
 Theological Studies/Rel. Vocation           1.4%
Foreign Languages and Literature            1.1%
                       Mathematics          1.1%
  Engineering-Related Technology           1.0%
   Architecture & Related Program        0.5%
             Philosophy & Religion       0.5%
     Conservation and Renewable          0.5%
       Multi/Interdisciplinary Stud.     0.5%
          Trans. & Material Moving     0.1%
   Area, Ethnic, & Cultural Studies    0.0%
    Communications Technologies        0.0%
               Construction Trades     0.0%
            Law and Legal Studies      0.0%
     Leisure and Recreational Acts     0.0%

                                  0.0%               5.0%            10.0%              15.0%     20.0%       25.0%
       Top 10 Jobs with the Highest Growth
         Rate: Master’s Degree Required
      Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers                                                             4.14%

                                                 Clergy                                                       3.82%

                                Psychologists, All Other                                                     3.73%

     Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers                                                 3.45%

   Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors                                                  3.36%

                                Occupational Therapists                                               3.35%

                                       Epidemiologists                                                3.28%

              Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary                                                  3.26%

Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary                                              3.17%

                               Mental Health Counselors                                              3.15%

                                                           0%   1%   1%   2%     2%    3%       3%    4%      4%      5%
                                                                               Rate of Growth
                    Arkansas Master's Attainment by Degree
                               AY 2003-2007 Total
                       Public and Independent Institutions
                                        Education                                                                       36.6%
                 Business Mgt./Admin. Services                                          19.5%
              Health Professions & Rel. Science                             11.8%
                    Public Admin. And Services               4.3%
            Computer & Informational Sciences           2.7%
                                     Engineering        2.7%
           Agricultural Business and Production         2.5%
       English Language and Literature/Letters         2.1%
            Parks, Recreation & Leisure Studies       1.9%
                                 Social Sciences      1.9%
                    Biological Sci/Life Sciences      1.6%
                                      Psychology      1.6%
                                Communications        1.6%
                        Visual & Performing Arts     1.2%
                                     Mathematics    1.1%
                                Home Economics      1.0%
                                 Library Science    1.0%
                                           History  0.9%
                               Physical Sciences    0.9%
              Theological Studies/Rel. Vocation     0.9%
             Foreign Languages and Literature      0.7%
                   Liberal Arts, General Studies 0.5%
                     Multi/Interdisciplinary Stud. 0.5%
Conversation and Renewable Natural Resources 0.3%
                         Law and Legal Studies 0.2%
                Area, Ethnic, & Cultural Studies 0.1%
                           Philosophy & Religion 0.1%
                              Protective Services 0.1%

                                             0.0%        5.0%       10.0%     15.0%   20.0%     25.0%   30.0%   35.0%      40.0%
       Top 10 Jobs with the Highest Growth
         Rate: Doctoral Degree Required
       Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists                                         5.00%

 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers,
                                                                                 3.66%
                  Postsecondary

               Physics Teachers, Postsecondary                               3.28%

       Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary                            3.17%

              Postsecondary Teachers, All Other                             3.12%

             Education Teachers, Postsecondary                              3.11%

                History Teachers, Postsecondary                          3.07%

             Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary                           3.00%

Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary                         2.99%

           Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary                           2.96%

                                                    0%   1%   2%       3%           4%   5%       6%
                                                                   Growth Rate
               The Plan:
“Speed to Market and Close to Customer”
 3.    Encourage students to complete a degree program
       and to work in Arkansas.

      1. Degree completion initiatives
      2. Adult financial aid or tax credits
      3. Streamline state financial aid programs including the reduction
         of loan repayment programs.
      4. Add state funds for work-study programs
      5. Transfer scholarships
      6. Expand internship/work opportunities
      7. Train institutions on how to best package financial aid for
         maximum impact.
                   Fundamentals
• Academic Program Viability
  – Currently 3,2,1 Needs to be higher. New and old programs
  – Assure quality Revise process for academic program review
  – New Teacher performance measures
     • Compare end of instruction scores of new teachers by university
       (controlled for free lunch, etc)
• Financial Viability
  – Revise % of tuition revenue that can be used for
    institutional scholarships from 30% to 15%. (legislation)
  – Monitor institutional financial health
     • Percent of budget used for instruction, etc.
     • Fund balances at appropriate levels
  – Change formula for determining the level of bond debt
    that an institution can afford. Subtract out institutional
    scholarships
Insanity: Doing the same thing over
and over and expecting different
results.
             Albert Einstein
“Speed to Market and Close to Customer”
                   Ed Barlow, Futurist
Will these efforts
have an impact?
 Fall Enrollments at AR Public Institutions

                                            Total Two-Year


47,000
                               Total Two-Year                                           45,052
45,000
                                                                        43,217 43,218
43,000                                                         42,130
                                    41,036            41,275
41,000

                           38,883            39,262
39,000            38,177
         37,582
37,000


35,000
          1998     1999     2000     2001      2002    2003     2004     2005   2006     2007
 Fall Enrollments at AR Public Institutions

                                       Total Four-Year


80,000
                                                                                  76,131
                     Total Four-Year                              74,788 75,506
75,000                                            71,824 73,009
                                         69,582
70,000

65,000                        62,704
         60,161 60,812 61,324
60,000

55,000

50,000

45,000

40,000
           1998   1999    2000    2001     2002    2003   2004     2005   2006     2007
                                                                                                                                                                       -10.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                   0.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                              10.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                      20.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                              30.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      40.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      50.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            60.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    70.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 80.0%

                                                                                                                                                                      Georgia
                                                                                                                                                                     Kentucky
                                                                                                                                                                       Arizona
                                                                                                                                                                         Texas
                                                                                                                                                                    Minnesota
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               68.1%




                                                                                                                                                                       Nevada
                                                                                                                                                                     Arkansas




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              36.6%
                                                                                                                                                                North Carolina
                                                                                                                                                                          Idaho
                                                                                                                                                                    Oklahoma
                                                                                                                                                                     Maryland
                                                                                                                                                                      Missouri
                                                                                                                                                                  New Jersey
                                                                                                                                                                 West Virginia
                                                                                                                                                                        Florida
                                                                                                                                                                       Indiana
                                                                                                                                                                     Wyoming
                                                                                                                                                                   Mississippi
                                                                                                                                                                     Colorado
                                                                                                                                                                       Virginia
                                                                                                                                                                           Utah
                                                                                                                                                                       Oregon
                                                                                                                                                                     Michigan
                                                                                                                                                                           Iowa
                                                                                                                                                                 United States
                                                                                                                                                                  New Mexico
                                                                                                                                                                                                              22.1%




                                                                                                                                                                      Montana
                                                                                                                                                                    Wisconsin
                                                                                                                                                                Massachusetts
                                                                                                                                                                    California
                                                                                                                                                                  Washington
                                                                                                                                                                South Carolina
                                                                                                                                                                   Tennessee
                                                                                                                                                                         Maine
                                                                                                                                                                 Pennsylvania
                                                                                                                                                                      Alabama
                                                                                                                                                                  Connecticut
                                                                                                                                                                           Ohio
                                                                                                                                                                     Nebraska
                                                                                                                                                                 South Dakota
                                                                                                                                                                      Vermont
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              associate degrees since 1999-2000




                                                                                                                                                                             DC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Arkansas ranks 7th in the growth of




                                                                                                                                                                       Kansas
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Completions" survey.




                                                                                                                                                                     Delaware
                                                                                                                                                                        Illinois
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Growth in Associate Degrees Awarded by Public
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Institutions by State from 1999-2000 to 2004-2005




                                                                                                                                                                            New
                                                                                                                                                                        Alaska
                                                                                                                                                                    New York
                                                                                                                                                                        Hawaii
                                                                                                                                                                    Louisiana
                                                                                                                                                                 North Dakota
                                                                                                                                                                 Rhode Island
                                                                                                                                                                                          -6.6%
                                                                                                                                                                -30.0%
                                                                                                                                                                         -20.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                      -10.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                             10.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     20.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   30.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           40.0%

                                                                                                                                                                                              Utah
                                                                                                                                                                                          Nevada
                                                                                                                                                                                       Minnesota
                                                                                                                                                                                         Georgia
                                                                                                                                                                                          Florida
                                                                                                                                                                                       California
                                                                                                                                                                                            Maine
                                                                                                                                                                                          Oregon
                                                                                                                                                                                        Maryland
                                                                                                                                                                                    Pennsylvania
                                                                                                                                                                                        Arkansas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              18.9%




                                                                                                                                                                                            Texas
                                                                                                                                                                                          Indiana
                                                                                                                                                                                       Oklahoma
                                                                                                                                                                                     New Jersey
                                                                                                                                                                                        Colorado
                                                                                                                                                                                          Arizona
                                                                                                                                                                                   South Carolina
                                                                                                                                                                                          Kansas
                                                                                                                                                                                    United States
                                                                                                                                                                                              Ohio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      15.0%




                                                                                                                                                                                             Idaho
                                                                                                                                                                                   North Carolina
                                                                                                                                                                                       Wisconsin
                                                                                                                                                                                     Washington
                                                                                                                                                                                     Connecticut
                                                                                                                                                                                        Kentucky
                                                                                                                                                                                        Michigan
                                                                                                                                                                                      Tennessee
                                                                                                                                                                                         Missouri
                                                                                                                                                                                       New York
                                                                                                                                                                                          Virginia
                                                                                                                                                                                              Iowa
                                                                                                                                                                                    West Virginia
                                                                                                                                                                                  Massachusetts
                                                                                                                                                                                    North Dakota
                                                                                                                                                                                     New Mexico
                                                                                                                                                                                        Delaware
                                                                                                                                                                                      Mississippi
                                                                                                                                                                                    Rhode Island
                                                                                                                                                                                           Hawaii
                                                                                                                                                                                       Louisiana
                                                                                                                                                                                           Alaska
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Completions" survey.




                                                                                                                                                                                           Illinois
                                                                                                                                                                                  New Hampshire
                                                                                                                                                                                         Montana
                                                                                                                                                                                        Nebraska
                                                                                                                                                                                         Vermont
                                                                                                                                                                                         Alabama
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              bachelor’s degrees since 1999-2000




                                                                                                                                                                                        Wyoming
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Arkansas ranks 11th in the growth of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     35.6% Institutions by State from 1999-2000 to 2004-2005
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Growth in Bachelor’s Degrees Awarded by Public




                                                                                                                                                                                    South Dakota
                                                                                                                                                                                                         -20.6%




                                                                                                                                                                                                DC
                                   ARKANSAS
15,000      Associate and Bachelor's Degrees Conferred
                Since 2001-02, a total of 2,912                           528
            additional degrees (+24.7%) have been
14,000                                                          380       380
              awarded across the State System.
                                                      537       537       537

13,000                                  401           401       401       401


                          1,066         1,066        1,066     1,066     1,066
12,000



11,000       11,810       11,810       11,810        11,810    11,810    11,810



10,000
            2001-02      2002-03      2003-04       2004-05   2005-06   2006-07




         Enrollment during this same time period increased 21%.
                        OKLAHOMA

       Since 2000-01, a total of 4,668
   additional degrees (+24.5%) have been
     awarded across the State System.




Enrollment during this same time period only increased 10%.
                    State Per Capita Personal Income v. Share of Adult
                                                                  OK05
                                                                 OK00
                    Population with Bachelor's Degree or Higher (2005)
                    $38,000                                                                                                    DC

                                   No state with a low                                                From 2000 to 2004,
                    $36,000          proportion of                                                    Oklahoma increased in
                                   Bachelor’s degrees
                    $34,000
                                  has a high per capita
                                                                                                      the number of bachelor’s
                                                                                                        CT


                                        income.                                                       degrees for Oklahomans
                    $32,000                                                                          NJ
                                                                                                      age 25 and older from
                                                                                                      MD
Per Capita Income




                                                                                                             MA
                    $30,000                                                                        VA 20.2 to 22.2 and from

                    $28,000                                            DE
                                                                                           NY NH      46th to 42nd in the state
                                                                                RI     MN
                                                                      AK
                                                                                     CA               rankings.
                                                                                                          CO
                    $26,000                                                           WA
                                                NV                     HI        IL
                                                              WI PA
                                                             MI
                                                                       GA OR
                                                                                               VT            No state with a high
                                                       WY
                    $24,000                                IA    FL                                             proportion of
                                                                    ME
                                                       OH
                                                  IN TN         NC AZ
                                                           MO      ND NE KS                                  Bachelor’s degrees
                    $22,000
                                       KY
                                                  AL         SD TX
                                                                     MT                                      has a low per capita
                                                        SC
                    $20,000                           OK ID    NM          UT                                      income.
                                 WV             LA
                                           AR
                    $18,000
                                      MS

                    $16,000
                           15%              20%               25%                    30%              35%        40%          45%   50%

                                                  Percentage of Adult Population with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, ACS 2005
Workforce and Economic Development

            Workforce Development
            •   $4.5 million to increase academic
                programs at institutions offering
                nursing and allied health care
                programs.
            •   This will produce an additional 300
                registered nurses, 130 allied health
                professionals and 15 additional
                masters level nursing faculty
                members annually.
               Current Situation
                   Hospital Staff Vacancies
                    RN                           1129
                   LPN             221
    Physical Therapists       83
 Respiratory Therapists      57
   Medical Technologist      48
           Scrub Techs       44
           Pharmacists      39
Occupational Therapists     38
          Radiographer      35
Lab Technologist (MLT)     17
          Other Needs1     16
Ultrasound Technologist    15
       CT Technologist     13
       MR Technologist     13
Vascular/ Interventional   7
   Nuclear Medical Tech    4
    Radiation Therapist    3

                           0         400   800   1200
RN needs by Location
  Percent of state-wide vacancies

           4
                                     33

                                    12


                         35
                               9
                     7
        Degree Completion is
          a National Issue
• A generation ago the U.S. was # 1 in the
  world in higher education.
• Currently, the U.S. is #10
• To regain our status and our economic
  competitive edge, the U.S will need to
  produce a million more bachelor degrees
  each year.
   Federal Role In Higher Education
• Federal policies implemented through
  appropriations rather than general rules and
  regulations and have thus affected only
  selected kinds of institutions, programs,
  students, and faculty.
• GI Bill (1944)
     – Within 7 years, approximately 8 million veterans
       received educational benefits. ($14 billion)
• National Defense Education Act (1958)
• Higher Education Act of 1965
     – Pell grant
     – Student loans
<a href="http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/1988/Federal-Funds-Higher-Education.html">Federal
Funds for Higher Education - History, Federal Support for Students, Federal Support for Research</a>
 Federal Role in the States -2008
• The College Access Challenge Grant
  Program (CACGP) is designed to foster
  partnerships among Federal, State and
  local government entities and philanthropic
  organizations to significantly increase the
  number of underrepresented students who
  enter and remain in postsecondary
  education.
• CACGP provides two-year grants to
  States to meet the needs of
  underrepresented students and families.
College Access Challenge Grant
• Arkansas has been allocated $706,129 from the
  federal government to implement this program.
• The state is required to provide non-Federal
  funds equal to one third (1/3) of the costs of
  authorized activities and services. ($353,000)
• So far: Major commitment by Winthrop
  Rockefeller Foundation.
  – Cash and in-kind contributions by several state
    agencies, associations, colleges and universities.
 Federal Role in the States -2008
• New GI Bill (2008)
• Effective Fall 2009 expanded college
  benefits for veterans
At the end of WWII, the U.S
made a bold decision to invest
in the future of its economy by
providing $1.9 billion annually
to the education of returning
veterans of the war. This
commitment to human capital
helped enable the WWII
generation to become the
“greatest generation.”
Possibly, Arkansas’s
greatest generation is at the
schoolhouse door waiting
for the opportunity to
propel Arkansas into the
global economy.
                                                                         civic involvement
                                                                                 volunteer activity by
                                                                                   education levels
                          50%                                                                    45.6% (60 hours)
                                                                                                     B.A. or Higher
                          40%
                                                                                34.1%
Percentage Volunteering




                                                                              (52 hours)
                                                                             Some College
                          30%
                                                        21.7%
                                                      (48 hours)
                          20%                         High School
                                                        Diploma
                                   9.9%
                                (48 hours)
                          10%
                                 Less Than
                                High School
                                  Diploma
                          0%


            Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2003). Volunteering in the United States, 2003. USDL03-888. U.S. Department of Labor.
                                                               civic involvement
                                                                  blood donation by
                                                                education level, 1994:

                                          percentage who donate regularly
                            20%
                                                                                           17%
Percentage Donating Blood




                                                                                      B.A. or Higher
                            15%                                     13%

                                                    11%         Some College

                            10%                  High School
                                                   Diploma
                                     6%

                            5%     Less Than
                                  High School
                                    Diploma

                            0%

Source: DBD Worldwide. (2000). DBD Lifestyle Survey. Chicago. Available at www.bowlingalone.com.
                                                                government
                                                              participation assistance
                                                                      programs

                                           education level
                               24.3%
                             Less Than
                            High School
                              Diploma



                                                       10.2%
                                                     High School
                                                       Diploma
                                                                        4.6%
                                                                    Some College
                                                                     & Bachelor’s
                                                                    Degree or More


           Ever Participated in Assistance Programs
Source: Postsecondary Education Opportunity, May 28, 1997, pg 47.
                                                             government
                                                                incarceration rates by
                                                                   education levels
                          2.5%


                                    1.9%
                          2.0%
Percentage Incarcerated




                                  Less Than
                                 High School
                          1.5%     Diploma

                                                  1.2%

                          1.0%                 High School
                                                 Diploma


                          0.5%
                                                                    0.3%
                                                               Some College               0.1%
                                                                                     B.A. or Higher
                          0.0%

 Source: Harlow, C.W. (2003). Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Statistics,
 Department of Justice. NCJ195670.
                                                              economic
                                                              Percent Below Poverty
                                                                 Threshold, 2004
                            40%


                                    32%
Percentage Home Ownership




                            30%    Less Than
                                  High School
                                    Diploma

                            20%

                                                  15%
                                                High School
                                                  Diploma         10%
                            10%
                                                              Some College
                                                                                 4%
                            0%                                               B.A. or Higher


         Census Bureau
                                                        economic
                                                     unemployment rates and
                                                       education level, 2004
                  9.7%
   10          Less Than
              High School
                Diploma                7.5%
     8
                                      High School
                                        Diploma
    6
                                                      5.1%
                                                    Some College
                                                                     4.6%
                                                                   B.A. or Higher
    4



    2


    0
Source: Employment Policy Institute
                                                                        Quality of Life
                                                                             Home Ownership


                            80%
                                                                                          75%
Percentage Home Ownership




                                                                                       B.A. or Higher


                                                     69%
                            70%
                                                  High School
                                                                             66%
                                                    Diploma
                                                                        Some College


                            60%     58%
                                   Less Than
                                  High School
                                    Diploma

                            50%


         Census Bureau, American Housing Survey for the United States:2005
                                                                                         Safety
                                                                                Seatbelt Use
                                                                            while intoxicated, 1990

                                                 percentage who use seatbelt
                            80%                                                                                 78%
                                                                                                   66%
Percentage Donating Blood




                                                                                               B.A. or Higher
                            60%
                                                                             52%
                                                         41%              Some College
                                   39%
                            40%
                                   Less Than          High School                        31%
                                  High School           Diploma
                                    Diploma                         20%
                            20%                 15%


                            0%

Source: American Journal of Public Health
                                                          economic
                                               175


                                               150
   Average
family income                                  125



by educational
                               Income ($000)
                                               100


  attainment,                                  75

     2003                                      50



                                               25


   Source: Postsecondary
 Education Opportunity, 2005                    0
                                                     LT-9 9-12 HSG Some AA BA     MA   PhD Prof
                                                                        College
                                                       economic
                                      The Impact of Education on Individuals:
                                                Lifetime Earnings
                                         Estimated            Difference
   Education Level                        Lifetime           Compared to
                                         Earnings        High School Graduate
Less than 9th grade                       $976,350              -$478,903
High school dropout                       1,150,698              -304,555
High school graduate                      1,455,253                     0
Some college, no degree                   1,725,822               270,569
Associate degree                          1,801,373               346,120
Bachelor's degree                        $2,567,174             $1,111,921
Master's degree                           2,963,076             1,507,823
Doctorate                                 3,982,577             2,527,324
Professional degree                       5,254,193             3,798,940

        Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, 2005
                     Time and Place

Nearly all economic growth and prosperity for
individuals, families, cities, states, and the country
is now driven by college educated workers.

Those individuals, families, cities, states and –
increasingly—countries with the most education
are prospering, while those with the least higher
education are experiencing relative and often
absolute economic decline.


--Postsecondary Education OPPORTUNITY, June 2005.
 Jim Purcell
jpurcell@adhe.edu
   501-371-2030

				
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