Offensive vs

Document Sample
Offensive vs Powered By Docstoc
					     Firefighter Life Safety Resource Kit

  Drill 4: Offensive vs.
   Defensive Tactics

Make Everyday a Training Day…So that Everyone Goes Home



                       c. 2006 NFFF
         Offensive vs Defensive Tactics
             BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
   Types of Building Construction

       Type I - fire resistive

       Type II - non-combustible

       Type III - ordinary

       Type IV - heavy timber
         Offensive vs Defensive Tactics


   Fire Development

       Ignition

       Growth

       Flashover

       Fully Developed
         Offensive vs Defensive Tactics


   Factors Affecting Fire Development

       Size, number, and arrangement of
         ventilation
       Volume of area
       Thermal properties
       Ceiling height
       Size, composition, and location of fuel
         package
       Availability and location of fuel package
         Offensive vs Defensive Tactics

   Effects of Fire on Common Building Materials

       Wood

       Masonry

       Cast Iron

       Steel

       Reinforced Concrete
         Offensive vs Defensive Tactics

       Gypsum

       Glass/Fiberglass

   Indicators of Building Collapse

       Cracks and separations

       Existing structural instability

       Loose bricks, block, or stones falling
     Offensive vs Defensive Tactics

   Deteriorating mortar

   Walls that appear to be leaning

   Distorted structural members

   Fires beneath heavy loads

   Prolonged fire exposure to structural
     members

   Unusual cracks or cracking noise
     Offensive vs Defensive Tactics


   Structural members pulling away from
     walls

   Excessive building content weight
         Offensive vs Defensive Tactics
             OPERATIONAL READINESS

   Training

       Safe driving and operations

       Officers

       Firefighters

       Safety Officer
         Offensive vs Defensive Tactics


   Staffing

       On initial apparatus

       On additional apparatus

       Time for adequate staffing to arrive on
         scene
         Offensive vs Defensive Tactics


   Apparatus

       Adequate based on hazard

       Delay of additional apparatus due to
         conditions

       Specialized apparatus

       Apparatus access to all sides of incident
          Offensive vs Defensive Tactics


   Incident Operations

       Incident Command System

       Chief Officer responding

       Adequate radio frequencies

       SOPs

       Initial fire attack
     Offensive vs Defensive Tactics


   Backup line

   Personnel ready for incident
      Physically

      Mentally



   Mutual aid agreements in place
         Offensive vs Defensive Tactics


   Pre-Incident Planning

       Occupant protection

       Potential life hazards to firefighters

       Physical condition of the structure
         Offensive vs Defensive Tactics
              ON SCENE CAPABILITY

   Size-Up

       360-degree walk-around of incident scene

   Establishing Control Zones

       Hot, Warm, Cold, Collapse

   Firefighting Strategies and Tactics

       Rescue, exposures, confine, extinguish,
         overhaul
          Offensive vs Defensive Tactics
               RISK BENEFIT ANALYSIS

   Managing the Risks

        Risk analysis/assessment throughout
          incident

   Strategies in Use at the Incident Scene

        Defensive Mode

        Offensive Mode

   Planning for Protective and Supportive Resources

   Other Considerations
Offensive vs Defensive Tactics

           REVIEW


     Building Construction

    Operational Readiness

     On Scene Capability

     Risk Benefit Analysis

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:7
posted:3/17/2012
language:
pages:17