What is Ayurveda?
Ayurveda is a holistic system of medicine of India that uses a constitutional model.
It aims to provide guidance in food and lifestyle so that people facing challenges to health
can improve their health and healthy people can remain healthy.
Some unique aspects of Ayurveda:
1. There are three energetic forces which influence nature of human beings. These
three energetic forces in Ayurveda are called Tridoshas.
2. In order to be completely healthy Recommendations will be different for different
persons regarding food and lifestyle.
3. Everything can be validated by direct observation and direct enquiry.
4. In Ayurveda there is strong relation between mind and body.
Ayurveda has its origin in India thousands of years back. The roots of Ayurveda can
be traced from Vedas. The Rig Veda was written about 6000 years back and Ayurveda is
older than that. Ayurveda is science; it is more than a medical system which helps to
maintain the health of person by using the principles of nature to bring the individual
back into equilibrium. So Ayurveda is as oldest as life is on earth because life is always
governed by nature of laws. Ayurveda views a person as made up of five basic elements.
These elements are Air, Water, Space, Fire and Earth.
Ayurveda is combination of two Sanskrit words: Ayu and Veda. The word Ayu
means life and word Veda means knowledge about. So in combined the meaning of
ayurveda is knowledge of life. According to ancient scholar Charaka the word ayu is
comprised of these elements: Body, soul, mind and senses.
Body, soul, mind and senses:
We know mind as a control room of our body. Mind makes use of body to
accomplish the desired tasks. Without mind body is like a computer without a processor.
Mind not only helps in taking decisions but it also takes an active part in other internal
functions of body like digestion, respiration, circulation and elimination. In order for the
mind to work properly senses are required, with the help of senses only our mind can
assist our physical body. Senses help in information gathering. We can relate mind, body
and senses with computer, data and printer. Here computer act as the brain which controls
the other hardware resources attached to computer like printer. Printer can start its job
only when it is instructed by computer but since mind cannot give any instructions
without senses similarly computer also cannot give any instructions without the
availability of proper data. The functions of data can here be related to the functions of
senses. Smell and taste are two important senses that play their part in digestive system.
Above all is the soul. Without soul an individual does not perform any functions of living
being. Mind, body and senses are also present in a dead body but what makes a living
person differ from a dead body is the soul. What transpires after death is the soul.
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