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					DRAFT AMENDMENTS TO ISPM 5
Glossary of phytosanitary terms


    IPPC Member Consultation
     20 June to 30 September
              2011
                 Background
• This is a collection of terminological additions,
  revisions and deletions. For the background for
  each term see the consultation document.
• The Technical Panel for the Glossary drafted these
  amendments in October 2010
• SC reviewed: May 2011
• SC approved for Member Consultation: May 2011
         General Considerations
• The Glossary is usually updated every year –
  depending on whether the IPPC has enough money
  for a meeting of the TPG ( not this year) and whether
  the Standards Committee agrees with the
  recommendations of the TPG.
• This year there is an eclectic collection of two
  additions, four revised terms and ten deletions.
• Try not to fall asleep!
          Relevant information
• These terms and the amendments arose from
  a variety of sources:
  – The Technical Panel for the Glossary
  – The Standards Committee
  – Member Comments
• All have been through the system … work
  agreed to by the SC, carried out by the TPG,
  approved by the SC
           Additional term - confinement


confinement - Application of official measures to a
  regulated article to prevent the escape of pests

Note the relationship with containment. Confinement is used to
  keep a pest in a quarantine station or regulated area, while
  containment keeps it out of an area
              Additional term - exclusion
exclusion - Application of phytosanitary measures to
  prevent the introduction of a pest

This term was suggested by the Technical Panel for Fruit Flies.
This is intended to be a broad term – similar to eradication and
   suppression. The definition takes the same form as the
   definitions for those two terms
The definition includes phytosanitary measures – to be consistent
   with the definitions of eradication and suppression
                Revision – absorbed dose

absorbed dose – Quantity of radiating energy absorbed
  per unit of mass of a specified target (in gray)

Although this term has no specific IPPC meaning, it is retained in
   the Glossary as it is not easily understood and it of great
   importance for ISPM 18

The revision corrects a technical error
          Revision - consignment in transit


consignment in transit – A consignment that passes
  through a country without being imported

This revision makes a grammatical change (which to that) and
   removes the second clause that expresses requirements (and
   that may be subject to phytosanitary measures)
         Revision – phytosanitary certificate

phytosanitary certificate – An official paper document
  or its official electronic equivalent, patterned after
  the model certificates of the IPPC, attesting that a
  consignment meets phytosanitary import
  requirements

This revision provides a specific IPPC meaning to the definition ie
   that it attests that a consignment meets phytosanitary import
   requirements
             Revision – quarantine station

quarantine station – Official station for holding plants,
  plant products or other regulated articles, including
  beneficial organisms, in quarantine

This revision extends the definition so quarantine stations might
   be used to hold regulated articles such as beneficial organisms
   as well as plants and plant products
                    Deletion - certificate

The current definition proposed for deletion is:
certificate – An official document which attests to the
  phytosanitary status of any consignment affected by
  phytosanitary regulations

This definition limits the term to the IPPC context where we really
   need to term to have a wider meaning and be able to be used
   for other types of certificate. So, this definition is proposed for
   deletion
                    Deletion – gray (Gy)

The current definition proposed for deletion is:
gray (Gy) – Unit of absorbed dose where 1 Gy is
  equivalent to the absorption of 1 joule per Kilogram
  (1 Gy = 1 J.kg-1)

Gray is the unit of absorbed dose and is defined in the
  International System of Units and does not need to be defined
  in the Glossary
               Deletion – hitch-hiker pest


The current definition proposed for deletion is:
Hitch-hiker pest – See contaminating pest



This term is being deleted because it is not used in the IPPC or
   ISPMs and it is difficult to translate
                   Deletion - legislation

The current definition proposed for deletion is:
legislation – Any act, law, regulation, guideline or any
  other administrative order promulgated by a
  government.

This term is broadly used and understood and does not have a
   specific usage within the context of the IPPC. It is proposed for
   deletion
                   Deletion – plant pest


The current definition proposed for deletion is:
plant pest – See pest

It is suggested that the use of these two terms as synonyms be
    avoided. As pest is defined in the Convention, it is proposed
    that this term is kept and plant pest be deleted
                   Deletion - antagonist

The current definition proposed for deletion is:
antagonist - An organism (usually pathogen) which
  does no significant damage to the host but its
  colonization of the host protects the host from
  significant subsequent damage by a pest.

This term does not have a specific meaning within the IPPC
   context and is therefore proposed for deletion
                  Deletion - competitor

The current definition proposed for deletion is:
competitor - An organism which competes with pests
  for essential elements (e.g. food, shelter) in the
  environment.

This term has does not have a specific meaning within the
   context of the IPPC and is proposed for deletion
                 Deletion – control point

The current definition proposed for deletion is:
control point - A step in a system where specific
  procedures can be applied to achieve a defined
  effect and can be measured, monitored, controlled
  and corrected.

This term has not specific meaning within the context of the IPPC
   and is proposed for deletion. Also, control points are explained
   in ISPM 14
          Deletion – dosimeter and dosimetry
The current definitions proposed for deletion are:

dosimeter - A device that, when irradiated, exhibits a quantifiable change in
   some property of the device which can be related to absorbed dose in a
   given material using appropriate analytical instrumentation and
   techniques.
dosimetry - A system used for determining absorbed dose, consisting of
   dosimeters, measurement instruments and their associated reference
   standards, and procedures for the system’s use.


These terms have no specific meaning within the IPPC context
  and are therefore proposed for deletion from the Glossary
              Deletion – ionizing radiation

The current definition proposed for deletion is:
ionizing radiation - Charged particles and
  electromagnetic waves that as a result of physical
  interaction create ions by either primary or
  secondary processes.

This is proposed for deletion because it is a highly technical
   definition and has not specific meaning in the context of the
   IPPC
                       Deletion - …….

Anybody still awake …. I’ll buy you a coffee….

Regards

John Hedley

				
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