Solution Focused Brief Therapy by 791FJz1y


									Solution Focused Brief Therapy
• Each person is unique so are their symptoms, problems, and solutions
• Clients are experts on their own lives because they actively participate in
  constructing the realities of their lives
• Solutions are not necessarily related to problems
• Maintain a future orientation (When … rather than if…)
    – The past cannot be changed
• Focus on strengths: Everyone has strengths and resources required to
  resolve difficulties
• Change is inevitable
• Once changes are set in motion, they tend to snowball and generalize to
  other parts of life
• Nothing is all negative
• There is no such thing as resistance
• Simplicity is key
Problem Focused                                     Solution Focused
•   How can I help you?                             •   How will you know when therapy has been
•   Could you tell me about the problem?            •   What would you like to change?
•   Is the problem a symptom of something           •   Have we clarified the central issue on which you
    deeper?                                             want to concentrate?
•   Can you tell me more about the problem?         •   Can we discover exceptions to the problem?
•   How are we to understand the problem in light   •   What will the future look like without the
    of the past?                                        problem?
•   What defense mechanisms are operating?          •   How can we use the skills and qualities of the
•   In which ways is the relationship between the   •   How can the therapist collaborate with the
    therapist and the client a replay of past           client?
    relationships(psychodynamic models)?
•   How many sessions will be needed?               •   Have we achieved enough to end?
• Counseling relationship
   – Collaborative
   – Client decides which solution works best for him/her
   – Therapist is responsible for guiding the relationship in a
     direction that will serve the client
   – Client empowerment
       • What brought you here today?
       • How can I help you?
• What are the exceptions to the problem?
• Miracle Question
   – If a miracle were to happen, what would be different?
• Presuppositional Questions (Solution-focused language)
   – When … instead of if….
• Scaling Questions
• Coping Questions
• Genuine compliments
• Tasks
• Goals
  –   Belong to the client and should be expressed in their words
  –   Attainable (small, baby steps)
  –   Concrete, specific, and tied to specific behaviors
  –   Defined in terms of the presence of some behavior not the absence of
  –   Focus on beginnings more than endings
  –   Realistic in the context of the clients life
  –   Acknowledged to involve hard work

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