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DAAT OS 06 01 08 by Zxt5G32

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									Use of Force Concepts &
Defensive and Arrest Tactics
(DAAT)
Course Outcome Summary
WI Department of Justice
Training and Standards Bureau

Information
Contact Hours                             48


Description
In this course, students will learn the legal basis and limitations on the use of force, the incident response
and disturbance resolution models, approach considerations, intervention options, and follow-through
considerations. Included in the discussion on the disturbance resolution model is a discussion on
protocols for off-duty actions. Students will learn the recommendations and protocols for off-duty
response and guidelines for interaction between on-duty and off-duty, retired, and plainclothes officers.
DAAT techniques are psychomotor skills, which means that they involve both the brain and muscles. For
that reason, students will spend much of the time in DAAT actually practicing the techniques-learning the
skills first in isolation, and then eventually applying them in simulations.


Target Population
Students participating in a basic law enforcement academy in the State of Wisconsin for the purpose of
becoming certified police officers.


Minimum Instructor Requirements
The competencies and learning objectives identify the minimum standards that must be met by instructors
when presenting this training. Instructors should feel free to present additional information beyond the
required minimum competencies and objectives. Learning plan activities that are provided in these
documents should be used as a guide for instructors when creating their own learning plans. Instructors
should feel free to choose any of the learning activities provided or create their own learning activities.


Instructor-Student Ratio
The minimum instructor-student ratio for DAAT training is 1:6 (one instructor for each six students)
during non-classroom portions of the training.




                                                    - 1 -Use of Force Concepts & Defensive and Arrest Tactics (DAAT)
Student Handouts
It is required that instructors distribute to each student at the start of the training session a copy of the
competencies and learning objectives that are to be covered during the course. Instructors are encouraged
to plan and develop other handout material as well. Such handouts may include a learning plan that
identifies the learning activities that will be covered in class and the performance assessment task score-
sheets that provide guidance relating to classroom assignments.

Assessment and Evaluation Strategy
The assessment and evaluation strategy for this portion of the curriculum consists of assessment of
competence with the performance assessment tasks (PAT) and evaluation of cognitive knowledge through
a written test. Performance assessment tasks are provided for each competency in this curriculum.
Unless otherwise noted by an asterisk, these assessments are optional and may be used as a guide for
instructors in determining whether students are grasping the concepts that are being presented. The
evaluation of students with the written test is required. The minimum requirement for this evaluation is
70% correct, and each training school has the option of setting a higher standard, if desired.


Competencies, Linked Exit Learning Outcomes, and
Performance Standards
1.    Examine the basis for use of force by officers and the limits on that use of force, including
      constitutional, statutory, administrative rule & policy.

      Learning objectives
      What you will learn as you master the competency:
      1.1      Identify the situations in which use of force is legitimate.
      1.2      Identify the limits that the constitution, Wisconsin law, agency policies and your own
               training place on the use of force.

      Performance Standards
      You will demonstrate your competence:
      o        by verbally explaining the key concepts related to the use of force.

      Your performance will be successful when:
      o        you list examples of actions appropriate to each of the intervention options.
      o        you discuss appropriate application of options under dynamic circumstances to the
               satisfaction of the instructor.


2.    Apply the concepts contained within the Incident Response & Disturbance Resolution
      models.

      Learning objectives
      What you will learn as you master the competency:
      2.1      Identify and describe the incident response concept and its application to law
               enforcement.


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     2.2    Identify and describe the disturbance resolution concept and its application to law
            enforcement.
     2.3    Identify the protocols to follow when off-duty and encountering a situation that requires
            a law enforcement response.
     2.4    Describe the issues that an on-duty officer is likely to face when encountering an off-
            duty, retired, or plainclothes officer who is taking official action.

     Performance Standards
     You will demonstrate your competence:
     o      by applying concepts of the incident response and disturbance resolution models in
            simulated situations.
     o      by participating in a discussion about protocols for off-duty actions.

     Your performance will be successful when:
     o      you tactically respond to a scene using the incident response steps.
     o      you gather information to resolve the situation.
     o      you resolve the situation.
     o      you articulate your decision-making regarding legal justification and desirability for
            approaching the scene.
     o      you articulate the reasons for using the intervention options that were chosen.
     o      you articulate the follow-through steps that were taken to normalize the scene.
     o      you describe Wisconsin Statute 175.40(6m)(a) which discusses off-duty assistance
            outside of an officer's jurisdiction.
     o      you explain liability for off-duty officers outside of the officer's jurisdiction.
     o      you describe the guidelines and considerations for officers who are authorized and elect
            to carry a weapon off-duty.
     o      you articulate the issues that need to be taken into consideration when faced with a
            situation that warrants off-duty intervention.
     o      you describe the precautions on-duty officers should follow when they come into contact
            with anyone armed with a weapon who claims to be an off-duty, retired, or plainclothes
            officer.
     o      you describe the procedural guidelines for off-duty responses that are appropriate.
     o      you explain post-intervention actions.



3.   Explain the five modes within Intervention Options, and the circumstances under which
     each mode is justified and appropriate.

     Learning objectives
     What you will learn as you master the competency:
     3.1    Identify the concept of "presence" and the circumstances under which it is appropriate.
     3.2    Identify the concept of "dialogue" and the circumstances under which it is appropriate.


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     3.3    Identify the concept of "control alternatives" and the circumstances under which they are
            appropriate.
     3.4    Identify the concept of "protective alternatives" and the circumstances under which they
            are appropriate.
     3.5    Identify the concept of "deadly force" and the circumstances under which it is
            appropriate.
     3.6    Apply the intervention option concepts in a simulated environment.

     Performance Standards
     You will demonstrate your competence:
     o      by preparing a written summary of the five modes of intervention options.

     Your performance will be successful when:
     o      the summary identifies the five intervention option modes.
     o      the summary indicates the circumstances when it is appropriate to use each of the
            intervention options.
     o      the summary indicates when it is inappropriate to use each of the intervention options.



4.   Apply the techniques present in the Wisconsin DAAT system, including the tactical use of
     communication skills as appropriate.

     Learning objectives
     What you will learn as you master the competency:
     4.1    Demonstrate the use of presence in a simulated environment.
     4.2    Demonstrate the ability to use dialogue in a simulated environment.
     4.3    Demonstrate the ability to use control alternatives in a simulated environment.
     4.4    Demonstrate the ability to use protective alternatives in a simulated environment.
     4.5    Demonstrate the ability to use deadly force decision making in a simulated environment.
     4.6    Demonstrate weapon control techniques in a simulated environment.
     4.7    Describe the follow-through considerations that apply to arresting subjects.
     4.8    Apply the follow-through considerations concepts in a simulated environment.
     4.9    Handcuff and remove handcuffs from subjects in a simulated environment.
     4.10   Frisk and search subjects in a simulated environment.

     Performance Standards
     You will demonstrate your competence:
     o      *** by applying the techniques present in the DAAT system in a static environment.
            (mandatory for recruits).
     o      through practical application in a simulated environment.




                                                 - 4 -Use of Force Concepts & Defensive and Arrest Tactics (DAAT)
     Your performance will be successful when:
     o      your demonstration conforms to the textbook method of applying the techniques (see the
            Skills Evaluation Material available from the school director for additional details).
     o      you are able to apply the techniques in a manner that allows you to achieve and maintain
            control.

5.   Explain the Use of Force Concepts that frame electronic control devices (ECD's) and the
     circumstances under which they are justified and appropriate.

     Learning objectives
     What you will learn as you master the competency:
     5.1    Identify the concept of "control alternatives" and the circumstances under which they are
            appropriate.
     5.2    Identify the electronic control device tools that fall under "control devices" and the
            circumstances under which they are appropriate.
     5.3    Describe symptoms of medically significant behavior.
     5.4    Describe the opportunities within Disturbance Resolution that medically significant
            behavior could be observed.
     5.5    Manage medically significant behavior with options.
     5.6    Identify the steps to follow for distance deployment of an electronic control device.
     5.7    Identify the precautions to follow when assisting an officer who is deploying an
            electronic control device.
     5.8    Demonstrate the ability to use "cuffing under power" in a simulated environment.
     5.9    Demonstrate the ability to use multiple officer ground handcuffing or multiple officer
            ground stabilization to facilitate the application of chemical restraints in a simulated
            environment.

     Performance Standards
     You will demonstrate your competence:
     o      by acting as one member of a team of students subduing and stabilizing a violently
            resisting subject.
     o      by handcuffing under power in a simulated environment.

     Your performance will be successful when:
     o      you secure the right arm of the subject by pinning it to the ground at the elbow and wrist
     o      you secure the subject's left arm by pinning it to the ground at the elbow and wrist
     o      you secure the subject's head by placing both hands on it and holding it to the ground,
            while at the same time issuing loud verbal commands to the subject
     o      you secure the subject's legs, by holding the feet
     o      you apply handcuffs on the subject, and double-lock them
     o      you search the subject while the subject is prone, while simultaneously checking the
            subject for injuries




                                                 - 5 -Use of Force Concepts & Defensive and Arrest Tactics (DAAT)

								
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