Nutrition Essentials for Nursing Practice by ewghwehws

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									  Nutrition Essentials for Nursing
              Practice

        Nutrition in Nursing




3/15/2012
Nutrition - Implications for
health care workers
 Keeping ourselves healthy


 Field is rapidly changing and growing


 Clients need information to make better
  food choices

 Nutrition affects many diseases
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 Food Choices for your client




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Current Influences on Nutrition

 Changing society
 Changing lifestyle of the American family
 Changing consumer
 Influencing in health care
            • including the client as a member
            • wellness programs
            • HMO’s


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Dietary Guidelines

 Eat less cholesterol and fat especially
   saturated fat

     – recommendations
     – 30% of total calories come from fat
     – <10% of total calories come from saturated fat



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Dietary Guidelines

 Eat a variety of foods
 Maintain healthy body weight
 Eat more vegetables, grains and breads
 Eat less sugar and sodium




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The Food Guide Pyramid

 The pyramid has variety, emphasizes
    moderation and proportion
 Largest part of the pyramid is bread, cereal,
    rice and pasta (6-11 servings)
 Next is fruit and vegetable, fruit (2-4
    servings) vegetable (3-5 servings)
 Then milk, meats, poultry, fish, nuts and
    beans (2-3 servings)
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 Lastly fats, oils and sweets - use sparingly
Recommended Daily Allowances
RDA
 Guide as to how much nutrients the body
  needs
 Developed during a war time nutrition
  program
 Is the only guide that gives us specific
  nutrient, calorie recommendations based on
  age and sex
 Evaluates the nutritional value food has
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Food Pyramid
 Lets look at the 2011 food pyramid.


 What do you see?
www.mypyramid.gov




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       Start Reading Labels




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               Nutrition density
        A food that has a high nutrition
     density has more nutrients per calorie
         than a food with low density.




         Example: an orange vs. orange
       sherbet - there are more vitamins in
          the orange than in the sherbet
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Factors that Influence Diet
 Culture
 Economics
 Age
 Media




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Nutrition: The Nursing Process
 An organized plan for problem solving
 Has 5 Steps
  – Assessment
  – Nursing Diagnosis
  – Planning
  – Nursing Interventions
  – Evaluation

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Nursing Assessment

                         Gathering Data




     – Objective - what you see and hear
     – Subjective - what comes from what the client
       tells you
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  Objective data?




  Subjective data?




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Nursing Diagnosis
 Involves interpreting data
 Is a framework for the plan of care that
  follows
 Example for nutrition
     – Alteration in Nutrition: less than body
       requirements



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Planning
 What are your goals?


 What should you do for your client?




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Nursing Interventions
 Refers to nursing action
  – client teaching
  – what are you doing to help your client get better
 Is goal directed




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Nursing Evaluation
 What happened to my client?
  – Did my interventions work?
 What is the outcome?
 Were the goals met?




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The Nursing Process
 Assessment
 Nursing Diagnosis
 Planning
 Nursing Interventions
 Evaluation



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The Nursing Process and You
 Assessment – Help too much work, I’m
  already overwhelmed!
 Nursing Diagnosis - Anxiety related to time
  management
 Intervention - Learning Assessment Tool
 Evaluation – Finding out what type of
  learner am I and how best to use my time

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