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					Baby Boomer Sports Injuries

                  April 2000




    U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
         Toll-free Hotline: 1-800-638-2772
                   www.cpsc.gov
                       Baby Boomer Sports Injuries

       Sports-related injuries among those ages 35 to 54 -- today’s baby boomers --
increased about 33% from 1991 to 1998. There were just under 276,000 hospital
emergency room-treated injuries to persons 35 to 54 in 1991 compared to slightly
more than 365,000 sports injuries to persons of these ages in 1998. This increase in
injuries, which occurred in 16 popular sports activities, was due primarily to baby
boomers’ increased numbers participating in these sports.

       When all medically-attended injuries in these popular sports were included,
CPSC estimated there were a total of more than 1 million injuries to baby boomers in
1998 (compared to 778,000 such injuries to persons 35 to 54 in 1991). These sports
injuries to baby boomers cost the nation over $18.7 billion in 1998.

      Bicycling and basketball were associated with the largest number of 1998 baby
boomer sports injuries treated in hospital emergency rooms. Of special note (see
below), baby boomers suffered a relatively high number of head injury-related deaths
while bicycling.

       Baby boomers represented almost one-third of all Americans who participated
in sports in 1998. These 79.1 million people comprised over 29 percent of the total
U.S. population. In 1998, there were 14 million more Americans in the 35 to 54 age
group than in 1991.


Sports Injuries and Deaths

       Seven sports showed significant increasing trends in the number of emergency
room-treated injuries in the 35 to 54 age group in 1998. These were: bicycling, golf,
soccer, basketball, exercise and running, weightlifting and in-line skating.
Participation data showed increases in baby boomers’ sports participation for most of
these sports. (Participation data was not available for weightlifting, and exercise and
running.)

       Three sports showed significant decreasing trends in the number of emergency
room-treated injuries and decreasing trends in the number of participants. These
were: skiing, tennis and volleyball.

      Figure 1 (attached) compares injuries for 1991 and 1998 for 16 popular sports.

       For three sports, there were large numbers of deaths reported to CPSC. These
were: bicycling (290 deaths a year, all but 35 motor vehicle-related); swimming (67
deaths a year associated with swimming pools); and skiing (7 deaths a year).


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Safety Equipment-Related Issues

       Baby boomers who rode bicycles died from head injuries at nearly twice the
rate as children who rode bikes. This difference is likely the result of greater helmet
usage among children. According to CPSC, 69% of children wear helmets when
bicycling compared to only 43% of baby boomers.

       Baby boomer in-line skaters, however, were injured less frequently than other
skaters. In 1998, about 3.2 out of every 1,000 baby boomer in-line skaters were
treated in an emergency room for a skating injury. Among children under 18, this
number was 4.6 out of every 1,000. For the population as a whole, it was 4.1 per
1,000 skaters. Baby boomers suffered a much smaller proportion of arm and hand
injuries than other age groups, which may be an indication they are wearing
appropriate protective equipment such as gloves, wrist guards and elbow pads.


Conclusion

       It is important for baby boomers to stay active and to participate in sports. But
safety is an essential consideration. For example, baby boomers can reduce serious
head injuries by wearing bike helmets when bike riding. Other sports-related injuries
can be avoided or reduced by following such precautions as wearing other appropriate
sports safety equipment, warming up before vigorous exercise, and increasing one’s
amount of exercise gradually.




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                                      Figure 1. Estimated Number of Emergency Room Treated Injuries
                                                     Among Persons 35 - 54 Years of Age
                                        Associated with 16 Popular Sports Categories, 1991 and 1998

          Gymnastics

           Ice Hockey

       Snowboarding*

                Tennis

             Volleyball

     Swimming Pools

                Soccer

      In-Line Skating*

                   Golf

               Football

          Weightlifting

                 Skiing

   Exercise&Running

   Baseball & Softball

            Basketball

              Bicycles

                          0              10,000             20,000              30,000             40,000              50,000             60,000              70,000

                                                                                 1998                1991
SOURCE: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Directorate for Epidemiology, National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS)
* NOTE: In-line skating and snowboarding were new sports in the 1990s. Injury data were first collected for in-line skating in 1993 (4,310 estimated injuries) and
snowboarding in 1994 (1,520 estimated injuries).

				
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