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英语时文泛读Current News Articles for Extensive Reading BOOK I 英语时文泛读 Current News Articles for Extensive Reading BOOK

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英语时文泛读Current News Articles for Extensive Reading BOOK I 英语时文泛读 Current News Articles for Extensive Reading BOOK Powered By Docstoc
					英语时文泛读

Current News Articles for
Extensive Reading

          BOOK IV
China Report   Unit Five
   I. Overview                             Unit Five


• In this unit, you will read 3 passages about
  various aspects of social life of the Chinese
  people. Take note of the achievements they
  have made and the problems they are faced
  with.
  Structure                         Unit Five


• This unit will give you a glimpse of the
  development of China in various sectors.
 Text A                           Unit Five

All Aboard
• China is a nation on the move.
  Migrant workers travel back home
  during the season of Spring Festival
  every year. This poses a big problem
  to the nation’s transport.
 Text B                                     Unit Five

China 2.0
• China has already achieved a quarter century of
  unprecedented economic growth. Now it needs
  to keep growing in a more responsible way,
  emphasizing environmental protection, more
  energy efficiency and cutting-edge technology.
   Text C                                        Unit Five

 China Juggles Tombs and Dragon Boats
• A Chinese government panel announced plans on
  Friday to revamp the holiday schedule to re-emphasize
  traditional festivals at the expense of the May Day
  celebration. The new schedule aims to address the
  severe overloading of China’s air, rail and road links in
  the first week of May, when virtually the entire country
  goes on vacation. But gridlock may remain around the
  two other major holidays—essentially a week each— at
  the Chinese New Year and in the first week of October.
Focus of this session   Unit Five
  II. Text A                        Unit Five

All Aboard
• Main Idea of the Text
• This article mainly talks about the
  development of transport in China and
  existing problems.
     Background Information            Unit Five
Author
• Melinda Liu joined Newsweek in
  1980 and opened the magazine’s
  Beijing bureau the same year; she
  returned to New York in 1982 as a
  general editor for Newsweek
  International; she was named
  Newsweek Beijing bureau chief in
  late 1998. Liu was born in
  Minneapolis, Minnesota and is a
  magna cum laude graduate of
  Radcliffe College, Harvard.
• She is President of the Foreign
  Correspondents’ Club of China, and
  in October 2005 launched a
  Newsweek Web column titled “Asia
  Rising.”
    Background Information                  Unit Five

Source
• Newsweek is an American weekly
  newsmagazine published in New
  York City. It is distributed throughout
  the United States and internationally.
  It is the second largest news weekly
  magazine in the U.S., having trailed
  Time in circulation and advertising
  revenue for most of its existence,
  although both are much larger than
  the third of America's prominent
  weeklies, U.S. News & World Report.
Cultural Notes                        Unit Five

                 • Kashgar (喀什) is an oasis
                   city in the Xinjiang Uyghur
                   Autonomous Region and is
                   the cultural center of Uyghur
                   people Minaret close to Id
                   Kah mosque. Kashgar is
                   sited in west of the
                   Taklamakan Desert at the
                   feet of the Tian Shan
                   mountain range. Its
                   coordinates are 39° 24’ 26”
                   N.; 76° 6’ 47” E. It is 1,290
                   m/4,232 ft above sea level.
Cultural Notes                           Unit Five

                 • The Ming Dynasty Tombs are
                   located some 50 kilometers due
                   North of Beijing at an especially
                   selected site. The site was
                   chosen by the third Ming
                   Dynasty emperor Yongle
                   (1402—1424), who moved the
                   capital of China from Nanjing to
                   the present location of Beijing.
                   He is credited with envisioning
                   the layout of the ancient city of
                   Beijing as well as a number of
                   landmarks and monuments
                   located therein.
Cultural Notes                       Unit Five

                 • After the construction of the
                   Imperial Palace (the
                   Forbidden City) in 1420,
                   the Yongle Emperor
                   selected his burial site and
                   creating his own
                   mausoleum. From the
                   Yongle Emperor onwards,
                   13 Ming Dynasty Emperors
                   were buried in this area.
   Language Points                                 Unit Five
Key Words & Expressions
• paralyze (para. 3):
  – (esp. passive) prevent from moving or acting normally
    (尤用于被动语态)使人不能正常活动
• e.g.
  – She was paralyzed with fear.
    (她恐惧得不知所措。)
• e.g.
  – The electricity failure paralyzed the train service.
    ( 电力中断使得列车无法运行。)
   Language Points                                Unit Five

• disgruntled (para. 3):
  – resentful because sth. has happened to displease
    one
    不高兴的;不满的
• e.g.
  – She’s still disgruntled about missing the party.
    (她因为错过了这一聚会而仍耿耿于怀。 )
• e.g.
  – He always wears a disgruntled look.
    ( 他总摆出一副不悦的样子。)
   Language Points                                        Unit Five

• newfangled (para. 8):
   – (usu. derog.) (of ideas or things) modern or fashionable in a way
     that many dislike or refuse to accept
    (指观念或事物)新潮的,时髦的(很多人不喜欢或不赞成)
• e.g.
   – I don’t like all these newfangled gadgets.
    (这些新潮玩意儿我不都喜欢。 )
• e.g.
   – You and your newfangled notions!
    ( 又来了,又是你那些时髦儿货色!)
   Language Points                           Unit Five

• bane (para. 11):
  – something that causes trouble or makes people
    unhappy
    祸根;罹祸或不幸的原因
• e.g.
  – Those noisy neighbors are the bane of my life.
    (那些吵吵闹闹的邻居成了我生活中的一大忧患。)
• e.g.
  – Drink was the bane of his existence.
    ( 他喝酒把自己毁了。)
  Language Points                      Unit Five

Difficult Sentences
• Shanghai saw a fourth day of chaos on Tuesday
  as 10,000 stranded passengers—some of whom
  used nearby underground parking garages and
  Internet cafes as ad hoc waiting rooms—
  crowded around the train station.(para.3)
• 参考译文:上海周二迎来春运第四天,车站人满
  为患,一万旅客滞留火车站,有些旅客将附近地
  下停车厂和网吧当作临时候车室。
   Language Points                        Unit Five

• But rail travel now boasts some newfangled bells
  and whistles, such as the 19-mile “magnetic
  levitation” train that whisks you from the Pudong
  airport to Shanghai’s city center in a matter of
  minutes. (para.8)
• 参考译文:不过现在铁路运输出现了一些新发展,
  比如,19英里长的磁悬浮列车的出现。乘坐磁悬
  浮列车从浦东机场到上海市中心只需几分钟。

				
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