TKAM Reading/Study Guide by Diz1hfe4

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									 TKAM Reading/Study Guide
    Is the answer for the question located on your reading guide

Chapter 1
 1)    Illustrate the following:
    a. Pride in ancestry and tradition: p. 8
             source of shame that there was no recorded ancestors only Simon
              Finch who died rich
    b.Pride in conformity and distrust of different: p. 13
             Radleys keep to themselves, kept doors and shutters shut on
              Sundays
    c. awareness of different social classes: p. 14
             The Cunninghams nearest to a gang, the wrong crowd
    d.narrow span of interest in the world outside Maycomb p.13
             superstition and gossip about Radleys

 2)     Story begins?
             1930s, Dracula, FDR’s speech; “we have nothing to fear but fear
               itself.”

 3)     Boo Radley
             Prisoner in his own home because of misdemeanors as a teen
  4)    Why is he fascinating?
            Lives in a run-down, spooky house, cause of many superstitions,
              never seen him

Chapter 2
   1) Scout’s mistakes on the 1st day
             She can read, write, and tries to explain Walter Cunningham which
              makes Miss Caroline feel inadequate

    2) Poor Professionals
              Farmers are poor so the professional people are poor, trade for
               goods and services

    3) WPA and Mr. Cunningham
            Works Progress Administration, he may lose his land if he leaves to
             take another job

Chapter 3
 1) How do Calpurnia’s lectures shows us how she feels about people?
             Everyone who is a guest should be treated with courtesy and Atticus
              agrees
  2) Difference between Cunningham and Ewells
               Cunningham- proud, honest, hardworking
               Ewell-fouled mouthed, trashy, filthy
               Different values from their parents

  3) What does Scout realize when Atticus says you have to “walk around in their skin”?
              Learned to look at another person’s point of view

  4) Rigid law and the Ewells
               Ewells will never change, law permits stay out of school and hunting out of
                season for food

  5) Compromise
             Scout must go to school everyday and they will continue to read

Chapter 4
   1) Criticizing the school
               Endless project, treadmill of Maycomb County School system, 12 yrs. Of
                unrelieved boredom

    2) Gum and pennies
             Boo Radley since there is a tree at the edge of the lot

    3) Radley game
             Scout wants to quit because Atticus suspects, she heard someone laughing
              in the house

Chapter 5
   1) Miss Maudie
             Loves everything God made, woman of influence, voice of reason with
              Atticus

   2) Foot Washing Baptists
             She puts down those people who believe that anything that is a pleasure is
              a sin, like enjoying her flowers

   3) The Bible and the whiskey bottle
             Some people are as unfamiliar with the Bible as Atticus is with getting
              drunk

   4) Radley’s right to privacy
             Their own business can stay inside if they want, Atticus feels that Scout,
               Jem and Dill were interfering with Mr. Radley’s rights and they are being
               rude

Chapter 6
   1) Jem and Dill Peeking
              The Radley’s house was dark, Atticus was busy, if they were killed they
               didn’t have to go to school in the morning

    2) Scout going along
               Jem tells her that she acts more like a girl everyday

   3) Jem on good terms with Atticus
             Jem doesn’t want to be whipped, never has been, never wants to be, Jem
               appreciate the ways that Atticus treats him as an adult
Chapter 7
   1) Jem’s Pants
             Repaired when he found them folded over the fence, he was afraid because
               someone must have known that they were there

    2) Gifts in the tree
                Placed by someone who knows and likes children

    3) Cement in the tree
             Mr. Radley fills the hole so Boo cannot leave anymore ‘messages’ and Jem
               cries more out of frustration and disappointment

Chapter 8
 1) Mr. Avery the Snowman
             “Bad children make the season change”
  2) Secret Blanket
               Should respect Boo’s privacy

  3) Miss Maudie’s fire
             Always wanted a smaller house to have more garden, asks about Jem and
               Scout and their latest news

Chapter 9
 1) Atticus explains
             a. Nigger- used by common people
             b. Defending Tom Robinson-one case in a lifetime that effects you personally
                and this one is it for Atticus
             c. Licked before we try-discrimination has existed for years
             d. Scout’s cussing-Atticus is aware of his children’s latest events
             e. Asking questions-answer children honestly, they know when you are lying
             f. Scout trying-Atticus and Scout communicate well
             g. Stark raving mad- Atticus fears Scout and Jem will be affected by the trial
                and the irrational attitudes

  2) Who are they?
      a. Alexandra- Atticus’ sister, Scout and Jem’s aunt
      b. Francis-Atticus’ nephew, S and J’s cousin
      c. Jack-Atticus’ brother, S and J’s uncle
      d. Jimmy-Alexandra’s husband, S and J’s uncle

Chapter 10
 1) Atticus’ Faults
              Scout sees him as old, boring job, wearing glasses and never doing anything
                interesting

  2) Miss Maudie says “It is a sin to kill a mocking bird.”
             “Mockingbirds don’t do anything but make music for us to enjoy. They
               don’t eat up people’s gardens, don’t nest in corncribs, they don’t do one
               thing but sing their hearts out for us.”

  3) Lack of pride in marksmanship
              People should not take pride in their talents, Atticus would not shoot
                anything unless he had to, God gave him an unfair advantage

  4) No bragging at school
             Jem respects Atticus wishes not to be known at the deadest shot in
               Maycomb county

Chapter 11
 1) Atticus’ Insistence
      Mrs. Dubose-she is old and ill
       Reading to Mrs. Dubose-Punishment for the flowers and a distraction while
        trying to break her addiction to morphine

  2) Mrs. Dubose
       So grotesque because the children have to come face to face with her like the
        image they have in their heads of the horrible Boo Radley

  3) “Nigger-Lover”
       Atticus explains it as a common ugly term that people use that doesn’t really
        mean anything
       Do we agree with Atticus?

  4) Mrs. Dubose a great lady
       Compare to Tom Robinson’s case, we know the likely outcome, but both took
        action instead of giving up
       Mrs. Dubose wanted to be free of her addiction, Atticus wanted to defend Tom to
        the best of his ability

Chapter 12
 1) The gap between Scout and Jem
      Jem is telling Scout what to do, tell her to be a girl, treats her as if she knows very
       little

  2) Lulu’s Antagonism
       She resented the close relationship that Calpurnia has with the Finch children

  3) Church Differences
       No hymnals, “lining” the hymns, prayers for specific people, offering collected for
        Helen Robinson(specific person)

  4) Cal’s Speaking
       She does not want appear superior to other Negroes, is this hypocritical or wise?
       Cal lives and works in two separate worlds and must adapt to both



Chapter 13
 1) Scout and Aunt Alexandra
      They are equally at fault for not getting along, they do not make an effort to try to
       understand one another

  2) Cousin Joshua Finch
       Atticus’ description-someone who tried to shoot the president of a college and the
        pistol blew up his hand, cost $500 to get him out of that mess
       Aunt Alexandra’s description-a beautiful character who wrote a book
       Atticus is realistic and Alexandra judge by appearances

  3) Atticus is only a man
       Scout tells us that there are some things that need to be handled by a woman
        p.134

Chapter 14
 1) Alexandra’s feelings about Calpurnia
      Cal is no longer needed, resents her influence on Scout and J

  2) Scout and Jem’s Brawl
       Scout is happy because Jem is normal again and gets in trouble just like she does
  3) Code of Childhood
       Jem calls Atticus when he discovers Dill under the bed

  4) Dill’s Running Away
       He say s that he ran away because his mother and stepfather have little interest in
        him

Chapter 15
 1) Ku Klux Klan gone?
      Atticus is trying to play down the Klan, but media coverage was sparse so he may
       not have been aware of everything, trying not to scare the children

2) Tense Events before the jail
       Tom moved to Maycomb jail, questioning Atticus taking the case, men talking in
        groups, Old Sarum bunch threats
3) Near Whispers p. 153
       Whispers because they did not want to wake the man they were going to lynch

  4) Jem’s defiance
       Jem is concerned about Atticus’ safety and feels that he should not be leaving,
        wants to act as an adult

  5) Scout Childish Attempt at Conversation
       She reminds Mr. Cunningham that he too has children at home as well as the
        obligations that he has to Atticus

  6) Atticus’ Affection
       Jem disobeyed but Atticus is not angry because he understands that an ugly
         situation has been averted

Chapter 16
 1) Atticus disagrees with Alexandra
      Talking openly in front of Calpurnia, Scout and Jem going to the jail

  2) Mob Action
       Atticus says they are just people and people can be stopped

  3) Mr. Underwood Covering the Jail
       May be prejudice, but greatly respects Atticus

  4) Dolphus Raymond
       Prefers Negroes to whites, local drunk after wife’s suicide

  5) Judge Taylor
       Knows the law, only appears to be lax to catch people off guard

Chapter 17
 1) Mayella’s Injuries
      Atticus talks about them at length because he wants to show that she was hit by a
       left handed assailant

  2) “Poor White Trash”
       Slovenly ways, lack of industry, extremely prejudice, admired less than Negroes




Chapter 18
 1) Mayella
       Disgusting-“I don’t recollect if he hit me, I mean yes I do, he hit me.” “Won’t say
        another word as long as you keep on mocking me.”
       Pathetic-not understanding manners, ex: Miss Mayella, Friends?, two or three
        years of school

  2) Tom’s Physical Appearance-
       Crippled left arm, 12 inches shorter, could not have choked Mayella or beat her
        on the right side of her face

  3) Atticus Cross Examining
       He disliked questioning her so harshly and making her look so awful on the stand

Chapter 19
 1) Tom Robinson
      Honest, hard working, served 30 days for disorderly conduct

  2) Tom’s Record
       Mention to prove that he has nothing to hide

  3) November 21 according to Tom
       He was asked to come and fix a door hinge, children were sent to get ice cream,
        Mayella grabbed him and kissed him, Mr. Ewell saw through the window

  4) Tom’s Mistake
       He implied that he was better off than she was, black vs. white

  5) Mayella’s loneliness
      Scout senses that Mayella does not fit anywhere in Maycomb’s society

Chapter 20
 1) Mr. Raymond
      It gives people a reason for his behavior, spending more time with the colored
       people of Maycomb

  2) Mr. Raymond’s Life
      Tells Dill and Scout children are without prejudices and can therefore understand

  3) Atticus Summation
       Mayella victim of poverty and ignorance, but deserves no pity.
       She broke the social code, tempting a Negro, and she is trying to put the evidence
        behind her.
       A court of law is the one place that all men are equal.
       Challenges the jury to look at the case without prejudice or passion and return
        Tom to his family.

Chapter 21
 1) Scout knows the verdict
       No jury member looks at Tom, a jury never looks at a defendant they have
        convicted.

  2) Why do the Negroes Stand?
       To show Atticus respect for trying everything and all he has done for Tom

Chapter 22
 1) Atticus’ Feelings about the Verdict
      Unfair, but not surprised

  2) Miss Maudie defends Maycomb
      Atticus did his best and others tried to help; his colored friends, Heck Tate, Judge
       Taylor who named Atticus to defend Tom

  3) Baby Step in the Right Direction
       Appointing a fair-minded man like Atticus is a small step in the right direction, no
        one else could have kept a jury out that long

  4) Dill as a Clown
       He is going to be a clown that laughs at people instead of making people laugh
        because he says that is all that he can think to do about these folks that make no
        sense

Chapter 23
 1) Bob Ewell Threatens Atticus
      Atticus simply says, “I am too old to fight”.

 2) Atticus’ Statements
      Reasonable doubt-every defendant is entitled to reasonable doubt, always the
       possibility that they are innocent
      A white man’s word always wins against a black man’s is an ugly fact of life
      Resentments-people cannot think beyond their prejudices, even in a jury box
      All adding up-Negroes will become educated enough to oppose the whites who
       take advantage of them

 3) Attitude toward the Cunninghams
      Atticus-once you have earned their respect they are on your side forever
      Alexandra-good folks but not the Finches’ kind of folks

 4) There is just one kind of folks…
      Jem cannot understand why folks cannot get along, why they go out of their way
       to despise each other

Chapter 24
 1) Unfortunate Characteristics
      Tendency to gossip, make fun of children

 2) Irony of Mrs. Merriweather’s Comments
       She is willing to help Negroes half way across the world, but not in her own town


  3) Scout Prefers Men
       Men do not criticize or make fun of her

  4) Highest Tribute
       Maycomb trust Atticus to do what is right, that is the highest tribute

  5) True Lady
       Ladies continue with necessary tasks in time of crisis

Chapter 25
 1) Town reaction
      Only interested in Tom’s death for two days, typical of a Negro to run

  2) Mr. Underwood’s Editorial
      Tom’s death is likened to the senseless death of songbirds, it is a sin to kill a
       mockingbird

Chapter 26
 1) Scout Growing Up
     a. Games involving Boo Radley-feels remorseful
     b. Desire to see Boo- thinks she will still see him one day and talk to him like she has
     known him her whole life
     c. Atticus knowledge-he tells them that he has known all along
     d. Current events- good idea, but not practical in Maycomb. Few children had
     newspapers

 2) Irony of Miss Gates-she says that we do not believe in persecuting in America, but we
    do every day, “time we taught them a lesson”

 3) Jem’s Violent Reaction
      Trying to forget about the trial and its outcome, too angry to sort it out, Atticus
       says he needs time to realize there has been progress made


Chapter 27

 1) Threatening Things in October
      Bob Ewell fired from WPA and blames Atticus
      Judge Taylor’s house threaten by a burglar
      Bob Ewell threatens Helen Robinson
      The reader learns that Bob Ewell is a sneaking, contriving man who seeks to get
       even
 2) Halloween Pageant
      Atticus came home late from Montgomery
      Alexandra tired from decorating for the pageant

Chapter 28

 1) Cecil Jacobs
      He scares Jem and Scout on their way to the school by jumping out of the dark

 2) Noise
      They think the noise might be Scout’s costume or Cecil Jacobs

 3) People Under the Tree
      Four: Jem, Scout, Bob Ewell, Boo Radley

Chapter 29

 1) Saving Jem and Scout
      Boo saves them from Bob Ewell

 2) Atticus and Heck disagree
      They argue about whether Bob was crazy or did you really know what he was
       doing
 3) Meeting Boo Radley
     Scout embarrassed at first, she takes Boo to the porch and tries to see that he is
      comfortable

Chapter 30

 1) Scout and Boo’s Understanding
      They seemed to know each other, Boo from watching and Scout from her
       imagining meeting him

 2) Atticus and Heck Disagree
      They argue over who really killed Bob Ewell, Atticus believes that it was Jem and
       Heck says he actually fell on his knife

 3) Scout proves that Heck is right
      She says that “it’d be sort of like shootin’ a mockingbird” because if people know
       that Boo was the one that saved the children then he would have attention that he
       does not want

Chapter 31

 1) Scout’s Understanding
      She sees the events from the last years through Boo Radley’s eyes and she finally
       feels like she understands him at last
2) Feelings from the last chapter
     Feeling as we have reached a destination?
     Reached a level of understanding
     Sense of security

								
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