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Nonverbal Dimension of Communication

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					Chapter 6: Nonverbal Dimension of
         Communication




                          COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                             Spring 2007
Content

          • Chapter check

          • Nonverbal communication

          • Power of nonverbal
            communication
          • Types of nonverbal communication

          • Improving nonverbal
            communication
          • Question to Ponder On




              COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                 Spring 2007
Chapter Check



                Site some similarities and differences
                  between verbal and nonverbal
                  communication




                     COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                        Spring 2007
Nonverbal Communication



              •   All aspects of communication other
                  than words themselves




                    COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                       Spring 2007
5 Key Points Highlight the Power of
Nonverbal Communication to Affect
Meaning
               1.   Verbal and nonverbal have similarities and
                    differences
               •    Similarities
               -    Nonverbal behavior is symbolic (ambiguous,
                    abstract and arbitrary)
               -    Nonverbal behavior and our interpretation
                    of other’s nonverbal behavior are guided by
                    rules
               -    Both are culture bound
               -    Both may either be intentional or
                    unintentional


                       COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                          Spring 2007
5 Key Points Highlight the Power of
Nonverbal Communication to Affect
Meaning

               •   Differences
               -   Nonverbal is perceived to be more
                   honest
               -   Nonverbal communication is
                   multichanneled
               -   Nonverbal is continuous; flowing




                     COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                        Spring 2007
5 Key Points Highlight the Power of
Nonverbal Communication to Affect
Meaning

         2. Nonverbal communication supplements verbal
            communication
         a. Nonverbal behavior may repeat verbal messages
         b. Nonverbal behaviors may highlight verbal comm.

         c. Nonverbal may complement words
         d. Nonverbal behaviors may contradict verbal
            messages
         e. Substitute nonverbal behaviors for verbal ones




                        COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                           Spring 2007
5 Key Points Highlight the Power of
Nonverbal Communication to Affect
Meaning
          3. Regulates interaction
          •   You know when to talk/communicate
          4. Establishes relational-level meanings
          a. Responsiveness - eye contact, facial expressions and
              body posture
          b. Liking - smiles, touching, frowns, postures

          c. Power - assert prominence, express difference and
              negotiate status and influence
          5. Reflects cultural values
          •   Learned in the process of communication; varies


                            COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                               Spring 2007
Types of Nonverbal Communication

         1. Kinesics

         -   body position and body motions
         2. Haptics
         -   physical touch
         3. Physical appearance
         -   how people look
         4. Artifacts
         - personal objects with which we announce our
             identities



                          COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                             Spring 2007
Types of Nonverbal Communication
         5. Proxemics
         -   space and how we use it
         6. Environmental factors
         -   elements of settings that affect how we feel and act
         7. Chronemics
         -   how we perceive and use time to define identities and
             interaction
         8. Paralanguage
         -   vocal communication that does not involve words
         9. Silence
         - can communicate powerful messages



                           COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                              Spring 2007
Improving Nonverbal Communication


         1. Monitor your nonverbal communication
         - always think about the ways we use nonverbal
            communication to announce our identities
         2. Interpret others’ nonverbal communication
            tentatively
         - important to realize that meanings people attach to
            nonverbal behaviors are only generalizations about
            how we interpret nonverbal communication




                          COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                             Spring 2007
Question to Ponder On



               Is sign language verbal or nonverbal
                  communication?




                    COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                       Spring 2007
Activity (15 points)



                 1. Based on the nonverbal
                    communication used, what do you
                    think is the plot of the movie?
                 2. What does this activity tell you about
                    nonverbal communication?




                       COM 114: Introduction to Speech Communication
                                                          Spring 2007

				
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