TERRORISM by sanghaviharshil

VIEWS: 16 PAGES: 42

									What is it?
Where does it come from?
Why is it used?
How can we prevent it?
What do we fear about Terrorism?
        Definition of Terrorism
u   Terrorism actually comes from the Latin
    Word “Fear”
u   “The Unlawful Use of Force Against
    Persons or Property to Intimidate or Coerce
    a Government, the Civilian Population, or
    Segment Thereof, in the Furtherance of
    Political or Social Objectives.”(Source FBI)


                                                   2
FALLOUT SHELTER
Terrorism

   Is an unlawful act of violence

   Intimidates governments or societies

   Goal is to achieve political, religious or
    ideological objectives



                  Arthur H. Garrison
“…warfare seeks to conquer territories
and capture cities;

terrorism seeks to hurt a few people and
to scare a lot of people in order to make
a point” NYTimes, 1/6/2000




    “Putting the horror in the minds of the
    audience, and not necessarily on the screen”
       Terrorism Priorities

    Today
     Biological
Conventional Weapons
    Dirty Bombs




                              10
Property of Terrorism

   Terrorism is different from regular crime
    because of its strong political properties
   The definition of terrorism can vary from
    people to people due to the differences in
    standpoint
   One person’s terrorist can be another’s
    fighter
The Terrorist
  and their
  Thinking




                12
Fear always springs from ignorance.
                         Emerson, 1837
    Modern History of Terrorism
   Terrorism is Asymmetric Warfare.
     Asymmetric warfare is the use of apparently

      random/unpredictable violence by an weak
      military against a stronger military to gain
      advantage. (Allen, 1997).
     The key of Asymmetric warfare is using
      unexpected, unconventional tactics in combat
      (Craig, 1998).


                    Arthur H. Garrison
    Terrorism conclusions
   Terrorism is an ancient tactic.
   Terrorism is a mode of communication.
   Terrorism is a special type of violence and
    Asymmetrical warfare.
   Terrorism is used in times of peace, conflicts and
    war.
   Terrorism is designed to make a point, through
    psychological means, fear.
   Terrorism is a political act.


                     Arthur H. Garrison
Two Types of
  Groups
u   Domestic/
    National

u   International




                    16
            Terrorist Motives
u   Ethnic Cleansing
u   Damage Infrastructure
u   Disrupt Normal Life
u   Direct Kill of an
    Enemy




                                17
            Terrorist Motives
u   Undermine Confidence In Government
    - Requires Media Coverage
    - Should effect as many people as possible
    - Must last long enough to overwhelm (NYC)
        Local resources
        Media audience
    - Usually directed towards injury fatality
    (International Terrorist)

                                                 18
              Target Selection
         Based on:

u   Motive
u   Type of Device Available
u   Type of Deployment
    Method Available




                                 19
  Thinking Outside the Box



They ARE!!



                             20
Types of Terrorist Incidents
      Four Primary Types for
       Emergency Services



                               21
          Terrorist Incidents
u   Explosives and Arson
u   Nuclear Materials
u   Biological Agents
u   Chemical Agents




                                22
        Explosives and Arson
u   70% of Attacks Worldwide
u   Maximizes Property Damage
u   Target Individuals (Letter or Package
    Bombs)
u   Destroy Building, Aircraft, Monuments,
    etc..
u   Large Devices, Truck or Car Bombs

                                             23
Suspicious Thing to Look for




                               24
Operational Procedures for
   Terrorist Incidents

 FACTORS FOR PREPARING
       Common Weapons
       Stand-off Weapons
        Super Terrorism

                             25
         Operational Changes
u   Emergency Services strategic thinker must
    be willing to “think the unthinkable” so that
    appropriate responses may be conceived.
u   Do not overstate the threat.




                                                    26
                                           Terrorist Units and Cells:
                       Training             A Functional Approach
                      • Recruitment
                      • Instructors
                      • Sites
                      • Equipment
                                          Logistics
  Funding
                                      • Equipment &
• Sources:                              supplies
                                                           Operations
  crime, harvesting                   • Other essentials   • One-man
• Processing and                      • Sources            • Team
  management,                                              • Multilateral/
•Nation States
                       Intelligence                          collaborative

                       • Supplied
                       • Gathered
                       • Internet/other
                          open source
                       • Information
                          and politics
                                                                             27
                                            Government Response
                       Training                 to Terrorism:
                      • Recruitment
                                            A Functional Approach
                      • Instructors
                      • Sites
                      • Equipment
                                          Logistics
  Funding
                                      • Equipment &
• Sources:                              supplies
                                                           Operations
•Federal, State and                   • Other essentials   • One-man
•Local Taxes                          • Sources            • Team
                                                           • Multilateral/
                       Intelligence                          collaborative

                       • Supplied
                       • Gathered
                       • Internet/other
                          open source
                       • Information
                          and politics
                                                                             28
Terrorism and Weapons of
    Mass Destruction


   Terrorist Targets and their
            Weapons
                                 29
Biological terrorism
   Dispersal of microbes or their toxins to
    produce illness, death and terror
   The paths of infection can be contaminated
    water, food, air and packages.
   Microbes
       Bacteria
       Viruses
       Toxins


                     Phillip L. Coule, M.D.      30
Anatomy of a Bioterrorist Attack


                        Terrorism takes much
    Preparation         Time and planning
    5 years




   Execution 1 day
Diagnosed case 3 days
     First Death


   Multiple deaths
     Nuclear Terrorism

   Spreading of radioactive materials through
    ventilation system or explosion
   Disable nuclear reactor cooling system and
    cause leakage of radioactive materials
   Detonate a nuclear weapon
   No use of nuclear material for non-military
    terrorism has ever occurred
      Common Weapons
Fertilizer Bombs
Dynamite
Semtex
Automatic and Semi-automatic and Pistols
remain the weapons of choice.




                                           33
     Stand-Off Weapons
American Stinger
Russian SA-7 Hand-Held Anti-Aircraft
missiles
US Army Light Anti-tank Weapon (LAW)
Russian RPG-7 Anti-Tank Weapon
And Increasing Bombing Technologies.


                                       34
Where is Terrorism Going?

   The CYBER
     World

                            35
HE IS!!!!!!!!!




                 36
Prevention of Terrorism

   Primary prevention:
       Education!!!
       Understand the differences in cultures, religions,
        beliefs and human behaviors
       Think of the peace, freedom and equality of all
        human beings, not just “my group of people”
       Eliminate the root of terrorism
Prevention of Terrorism

   Secondary prevention:
       Establish surveillance and monitoring system on
        terrorism attack
       Improve protective system for citizens
Prevention of Terrorism

   Tertiary prevention
       Early detection of the sources
       Prevent the extension of impairments
       Rescue the survivors
       Console the rest of the population
Conclusion
   Terrorism is unlawful act
   Terrorism has a long history of being used to
    achieve political, religious and ideological
    objectives
   Terrorism can be conducted through
    firearms, explosive devices and biological,
    chemical, nuclear materials
   Even through the events of 2001,the risk of
    dying from terrorism has remained much
    lower than that from motor vehicles, smoking,
    and alcoholic beverage.
       The only thing we
       have to fear is
       fear itself. FDR, 1933

Fears are educated into us & can,
if we wish, be educated out.

								
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