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VIKING

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 9

									              VIKING
            Vital Infrastructure, Networks, Information
                 and Control Systems Management


A Research Project in the EU Seventh Framework Programme




                                                           1
The Power Network




                    2
                           Workstation for operators                                           Advanced Workstations



                                                            SCADA LAN                                                                          Office LAN


                                                                                                                                   Firewall

                       A                  B
                                                Communication
                        SCADA Server            Equipment (Front-End)                                                    Modem
                       (Online/Standby)                                                    Application Servers




SCADA                                         Communication Networks




                                                                                                                       System Vendors


   Front-End
                                                                        Front-End
                                                                                                                                                             Firewall
 Substation LAN                                           Substation LAN



            CLARiiON
                                                                                                                                              INTERNET WAN
                                                                                CLARiiON            CLARiiON




      IED
                                                                          IED                 IED              Modem




                                                                                                                                                                   3
                          Workstation for operators                                           Advanced Workstations



                                                           SCADA LAN                                                                          Office LAN


                                                                                                                                  Firewall

                      A                  B
                                               Communication
                       SCADA Server            Equipment (Front-End)                                                    Modem
                      (Online/Standby)                                                    Application Servers



                                             Communication Networks




                                                                                                                      System Vendors


  Front-End
                                                                       Front-End
                                                                                                                                                            Firewall
Substation LAN                                           Substation LAN



           CLARiiON
                                                                                                                                             INTERNET WAN
                                                                               CLARiiON            CLARiiON




     IED
                                                                         IED                 IED              Modem




                                                                       SCADA Security
                                                                                                                                                                  4
                         Potential Consequences
                         •    Northeast Blackout 2003, US and Canada
                               50 million people without electricity
                               Financial losses estimated to 6-10 billion USD

                               Railway system interrupted
                               Airports shut down (passenger screening, electronic tickets)
                               Gas stations unable to pump gas
                               Disrupted cellular communication
                               Disrupted television (cable tv)
                               Internet traffic disrupted
                               Water system lost pressure: boil water advisories, closing of
                                  restaurants
                               Sewage spills

CIA senior analyst Tom Donahue: “We have information that cyberattacks have been used to
disrupt power equipment in several regions outside the United States. In at least one case, the
disruption caused a power outage affecting multiple cities.”

                                                                                                  5
Objectives
1. Identification and assessment of vulnerabilities for
   SCADA systems. Prediction of system failure impacts and
   security risks.
2. Costs and consequences of misbehaving control
   systems in the power transmission and distribution
   network.

3. New technical security and robustness solutions.

4. Increase the awareness of the dependencies and
   vulnerabilities of cyber-physical systems in the power
   industry.




                                                             6
Partners
•   ABB
    Developer of SCADA systems
•   E.ON
    Power transmission and distribution, SCADA system user
•   Zürich Insurance Company
    Consequences and costs of power system disruptions
•   Astron
    SCADA system integration
•   KTH
    Software system architecture, networked control systems,
       communication networks
•   ETH
    Power system modeling, cyber-physical modeling, game theory
•   UC Berkeley
    Computer security, systems modeling
•   University of Maryland
    Hybrid networks, network security
                                                                  7
Project Structure




                    8
Contact


•   Project Coordinator Gunnar Björkman
     gunnar.bjoerkman@de.abb.com


•   Technical Coordinator Pontus Johnson
     pj101@ics.kth.se




                                           9

								
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