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   Small Animal
Leadership Qualities
 Integrity:honesty
 Courage: willing to go forward
  under difficult conditions
 Management: using people,
  resources and processes to reach
  a goal
Leadership Qualities
 Unselfishness:   placing the desires
  and welfare of others above
 Loyalty: reliable support for an
  individual, group or cause
 Enthusiasm: energy to do a job
  and the inspiration to encourage
Leadership Qualities
 Plan: think through, determine
 Knowledge: awareness,
 Tact: saying or doing the right
  thing without offending
Components of
Instructional Program
 SAE-  provides opportunities to
  explore interests and to gain work
 Classroom instruction: studying
  and learning subject matter in the
Components of
Instructional Program
 Laboratory  Instruction: learning
  by demonstrations and practice in
  shops, greenhouses, nurseries,
  and other settings
 FFA: club or organization that
  develops leadership and
  citizenship skills includes CDE’s
 Communication    skills are
 developed through speaking
 career development events, such
 as public speaking, creed,
 parliamentary procedure,
 extemporaneous speaking,
 agricultural sales and poultry,
 dairy, and livestock oral reasons
Cooperative Extension
 Educational   agency of USDA and
  part of the university system
 Sponsors 4-H clubs to enhance
  personal development and
  provide skill development for
  agricultural youth
Girl Scouts and Boy Scouts
 Provide  excellent leadership
 Focus on the out-of-doors and
  natural resources skills
 Recognition through merit badge
Types of speeches
 To  inform: gives knowledge or
  information to audiences
 To persuade: convinces people to
  believe or do something
 To integrate: pep talks, welcome
  speeches, introductions
Types of speeches
 Prepared:   speech is written and
 Extemporaneous: speech with
  little or no preparation
Variables to consider with
 Purpose of the speech: Why are you
  giving the speech?
 Audience: What group is hearing the
 Occasion: What is the event?
 Content: What is in the speech?
 Composition: How is the speech
  written and organized?
Oral delivery variables
 Voice: pitch, quality, articulation,
  pronunciation, force
 Stage presence: appearance,
  poise, attitude, confidence, ease
  before audience, personality,
    Oral delivery variables
 Power of expression: fluency, sincerity,
  emphasis, directness, communicative
  ability, conveyance of thought and
 Response to questions: accurate, ability to
  think quickly
 General effect: interesting,
  understandable, convincing, pleasing,
  holds attention
Delivering a Speech:
 Introduction   is the first part of the
   Used  to create interest and get the
    audience’s attention
   Sets the stage for the speech
Delivering a Speech:
 Body   of the speech
  Contains most of the content
  Largest content and longest part of
   a speech
Delivering a Speech:
 Conclusion brings the speech
 focus back to the audience before
  Sum up the speech
  Repeat the major points
Application: Give a speech
 Topics  chosen for a speech should
  be of interest to the audience
  where the speech will be given
 A good speech takes into
  consideration the needs of the
  audience and the reason the
  speech should be important to the
Parliamentary Law
 Robert’s Rules of Order is the
  book of authority
 Assures that all sides of an issue
  are treated fairly and that
  everyone has an opportunity to
  discuss and vote
Parliamentary Law
 Main   objective
  Focus on one item at a time
  Extend courtesy to everyone

  Observe the rule of the majority

  Ensure the rights of the minority
 Parliamentary Law
 Methods    of voting:
  Voice:   aye (pronounced “I”) for yes, or
  Rising: standing or show of hands

  Secret ballot: written vote or paper ballot
   often used for elections and nominations
  Roll call: secretary asks each member
   to state vote
Parliamentary Law
 Single   majority: one vote more
  than 50% or ½ of votes cast
 Two-thirds majority: 2/3 of
  members voting must vote for
  motion, usually used when motion
  will limit the rights of members
    Parliamentary Law
   Quorum: number of members required to
    conduct business
   Gavel: symbol of authority
   Meaning of taps of gavel:
       1: be seated, meeting is adjourned or the result of a
        vote has been announced
       2: meeting is called to order
       3: members should stand on 3rd tap
       Series: be quiet and orderly
    Table of Motions: should
    know for each motion
 Privileged
 Incidental

 Subsidiary

 Unclassified

 Ranking: top is highest ranking and takes
  precedence over those below
 Debatable or can be discussed: yes or no
Table of Motions
 Amendable:    yes or no
 Vote required: majority, 2/3
  majority, or none
 Second required: yes or no
 Can it be reconsidered: yes, no ,
  or special requirements

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